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After menstruation the waist and lower abdomen hurts.

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  • 1. After menstruation pulls the lower abdomen and lower back.
  • 2. Why is it still pulling the lower abdomen after menstruation?
    • 2.1. A bit about the menstrual cycle
  • 3. Why does stomach ache after menstruation
  • 4. Stomach ache after menstruation as before menses: anxious symptoms
  • 5. How to get rid of pain after menstruation

Why is still pulling the lower abdomen after menstruation

The onset of menstruation in many women is accompanied by pain, which should not be at their completion. But this occurs. Women experience pain and discomfort in the lower back, lower abdomen and pelvis. This may be a symptom of other serious disorders. It is impossible not to respond to such signals of your body.

Especially, if the pain does not go away or decreases after taking the pills for a certain time, then it is necessary to immediately consult a doctor.

No need to panic, if only appeared weak back pain. But why this happens to your body, you need to know.

A bit about the menstrual cycle

Monthly - this blood discharge of a special nature. They can be mixed, lumps and clots. They are darker in color than blood from a wound. This is an indicator of a woman’s health and that she’s not pregnant right now.

The period from monthly to monthly is called the menstrual cycle. Between bleeding should take place no less than 21 days and no more than 36. Pre-discomfort occurs in the lower abdomen, lower back, there is mild nausea and headache.

Painful sensations arise as a result of increased stress on the organs of the reproductive system and increased irritation of the nerve fibers.

Why does the stomach ache after menstruation

If, after the menstrual period, the abdomen is sore and aching, there may be several reasons:

  • Violations of the gastrointestinal tract.

Part of the organs belonging to the gastrointestinal tract, are located near the genital organs. Therefore, intestinal problems may affect other “neighboring” organs. For example, bloating, constipation, adhesions after surgery, appendicitis or infectious disorders.

Lower abdominal pain can occur due to various inflammatory processes in the pelvis.

Inflammation of the infectious nature of the genitals. Causes: non-compliance with the rules of intimate hygiene, unprotected sexual intercourse, fungus. Manifested in the form of gray purulent discharge, itching of the external genital organs, swelling.

  • Adnexitis.
  • Inflammation of the fallopian tubes and ovaries. Accompanied by acute pain and a sharp rise in temperature.
  • Endometritis or endometriosis.
  • Pregnancy.

All women know that pregnancy can be determined by the absence of menstruation. But it happens otherwise. After menstruation, lower abdominal pain just might indicate this. This may occur due to the individual characteristics of the organism.

  • Violations of the genitourinary system.

Inflammatory processes can also give pain. This may be cystitis, pyelonephritis, or the presence of kidney stones. If the pain does not stop, and even intensifies, then it is necessary to urgently consult a doctor.

Stomach ache after menstruation as before menses: anxious symptoms

There are a number of symptoms, in the presence of which you need to urgently consult a doctor.

  • Blood discharge that dragged on.
  • There is an unpleasant smell during discharge.
  • Painful sensations. And so intense that it is impossible to touch the stomach.
  • The chest has become a size larger. Discharge from the nipples of white or clear liquid.
  • The temperature that indicates the inflammatory process in the body is 37.2 degrees.

How to get rid of pain after menstruation

There are several ways to reduce pain.

  • The pain can be psychological. Surround yourself with good people and positive emotions. If work constantly delivers stress, then it is desirable to change it. Perhaps you need to go somewhere to rest.
  • Take a horizontal position and to the painful area attach a very warm, but not hot, heating pad. Thus, you will bring blood flow to the affected area and reduce pain.
  • Feet should always be kept warm. Protect them from excessive moisture and hypothermia.
  • Temporarily exclude reception of the use of coffee and tea. Give your preference to lemon balm, St. John's wort, chamomile, that is, natural ingredients.
  • There is one good painkiller, although not very pleasant to use. It is a bitter wormwood. Take 2 teaspoons of wormwood and cover with 2 cups of hot boiled water. This is one serving. On the day you need to drink at least two: in the morning and in the evening.
  • If the pain is of such intensity that you cannot tolerate, then you can turn to medications.
  • Play sports. This will help improve the structure of muscle tissue. Recommended especially for people who lead a sedentary lifestyle. Perhaps you choose yoga. It helps to train the muscles of the pelvic organs.

Causes of lower abdominal pain may be different. Consult your doctor, establish the diagnosis and then decide on the method of treatment and prevention.

“You have oophoritis,” the doctor says.

Perhaps the most common disease. This is an ovarian disease caused by overwork, prolonged stress, hypothermia, various infectious or inflammatory processes.

Today, many young girls treat their health lightly and in the cold wear short skirts, capron tights and boots with thin fur. Hence, inflammation of the ovaries, pain, cramps, discharge and, as a result, long treatment. A long-term or not fully treated oophoritis easily becomes chronic and is expressed precisely by postmenstrual pain.

"Friend" of oophoritis adnexitis

Inflammation of the fallopian tubes - adnexitis - often goes “hand in hand” with oophoritis. Both diseases at the initial stage are similar to the common cold and are accompanied by fever and chills.

Few women go to the doctor (especially to the gynecologist) with such trivial symptoms and cost the simplest medicines from the first-aid kit. However, if, in addition, you have a sore back after menstruation, this is no longer the common cold.

Cyst or tumor

When a cyst or tumor only begins to grow, the body does not “give out” these neoplasms. Only with their growth, squeezing of adjacent organs and nerve endings occurs.

There is pain in the spine, abdomen and lower back. Ignoring these pains can lead to tissue necrosis or peritonitis. Then surgical intervention and, possibly, removal of an ovary will be required.

Endometriosis

In the process of expansion of the glandular tissue of the endometrium, the inner layer of the uterus, its cells penetrate into the abdominal cavity and are located on the organs. They gradually expand, filled with blood that accumulates inside and has no way out. Therefore, begin to hurt back and lower abdomen.

Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome

Sometimes in order to complete the work of the body and improve the reproductive function, women are given drugs to stimulate ovulation. On the second or fourth day after the drug is swallowed, this syndrome occurs. You can not take drugs often and in large quantities: this can lead to the fact that the ovaries increase, there will be cysts, and each menstruation will bring severe pain.

The reason is emotions

Unbelievable, but true: the emotional state can cause exactly the same pain as the above reasons. Hysteria, prolonged stress or depression (they are also called “borderline emotional states”) are very rare and, fortunately, are easily treatable. But the most important doctor in this case is you. Cope with your emotions, relax, find your outlet and you will not torment the "menstrual nightmare."

A little bit of everything

The simplest hypothermia (for example, during the previously mentioned frost walks in light clothing), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), sexually transmitted diseases (chlamydia, mycoplasmosis, ureaplasmosis, trichomoniasis, and many others), use of the intrauterine device, as well as a large number of sexual partners, - All these factors are favorable for the appearance of bacteria.

Therefore, in addition to abdominal cramps, aching pain in the lower back, body temperature rises sharply and the general condition of the woman's body worsens. However, if time does not pay attention to such changes, the pain after menstruation will become common. In this case, the serious consequences are unlikely to be avoided.

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How to start treatment

To identify the cause of pain in the lower back and abdomen after menstruation, it is necessary to undergo a number of examinations.

  • Ultrasound examination will reveal the presence of inflammation of the pelvic organs (this includes the uterus, fallopian tubes, cervix, ovaries)
  • The result of the blood test for hormones will tell about the violations that cause the growth of tissues of the appendages and the uterus
  • A vaginal smear will show the fungi and bacteria that exist in the genitals.
  • Another mandatory procedure is a blood test for the presence of genital infections.

When the body transmits pain signals to you, it most likely warns you about inflammation in the fallopian tubes, ovaries, or the presence of tumors, cysts or other tumors in your body. Listen to him. He asks you for help.

Finally, I want to say a few more important and kind words: do not self-medicate, it can end badly and lead to infertility. Whatever herbal collections and conspiracies grandmother did not treat you, no matter what the neighbor said about the infirmity of modern medicine, whatever drugs are recommended by the best friend, none of them can determine the true cause of back and abdominal pains. Only a qualified doctor will examine, call the cause of the discomfort and prescribe treatment. Love yourself and be healthy.

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Common causes of pain

Most women believe that the aching, pulling pain in the lower back is the first sign of spinal problems. But in this case - this is a mistake, since the ailments of the spine are never associated with the cycle of the woman and the specificity of the pain associated with them is unchanged. Often, in such cases, it is possible to encounter "giving away" pain, because pain does not provoke the spine, but other organs. The only exception may be pain in the lower abdomen, which occurs after cryopreference during IVF, and which occurs in almost 80% of women. But often, such signs indicate one of the pathologies listed below.

Crashes in hormonal background

As a rule, abdominal and lower back pain (as with menstruation) is observed when the natural balance between progesterone and prostaglandin is disturbed, towards the latter. Symptomatology is associated with the fact that prostaglandins are substances that have a stimulating effect on the uterus, thereby causing its reduction. The higher the concentration of these substances, the more intense the pain. Other symptoms such as headaches, nausea, lethargy and chills always indicate an increase in this hormone.

Sexual infantilism

Deviation of the uterus from the normal position, or if its cervix has a bend, can also provoke similar symptoms both during menstruation and after its completion. Close localization of the uterus in relation to the endings of the nerves, along with increased excitability of the NA, with contractions of the uterus, can also cause spasms affecting the stomach and lower back.

Excessive Endocrine Activity

Malfunctions of the thyroid gland, in particular, during its activity, are highly reflected in the woman's well-being after the completion of menstruation. With this pathology, there are changes in the cycle of a woman, during his first weeks he pulls and hurts the lower abdomen, lower back, there are disturbances in appetite, sleep, emotional instability, and later, PMS is very pronounced. Mild therapy over time allows you to eliminate these manifestations.

Endometritis

The disease is associated with inflammation of the mucous membrane of the uterus, caused by any intrauterine intervention: childbirth, abortion, cesarean section or scraping. Often, with endometritis, the lower abdomen and lower back ache, both during and after menstruation, and the soreness is accompanied by the release of brownish mucus.

Pathology provoked by inflammation of the mucous membrane of the cervix. The process is started by an infection or a virus, but it is also possible due to diseases of the urogenital tract (colpitis, erosion) or damage caused by childbirth or abortion. Abdominal and lower back pains with this pathology are often accompanied by mucous and purulent discharge.

This inflammation of the external genital organs, which often causes internal pain in the lower abdomen and lower back. A provocateur for vulvitis is called a yeast fungus, microorganisms and sexually transmitted infections. Non-compliance with the rules of hygiene, as well as the wearing of close linen from synthetics only contributes to the development of pathology. In addition to the described characteristic signs, there may be other symptoms: itching, burning, swelling of the external genital organs and purulent discharge from the vagina.

Various education

Such pathologies are often accompanied by sensation of squeezing abdominal organs. Discomfort increases as the size of a cyst or tumor increases, and this affects the neighboring organs and nerve endings. The result of an increase in neoplasms is a violation of blood circulation in the pelvic organs, as well as tissue necrosis, and therefore the lower abdomen and the loins after menstruation begin to hurt. In order to avoid the possible consequences of pathology, it is necessary to carefully consider the signals of your own body and regularly undergo examinations, especially if a woman is forty years old.

Tuberculosis

This disease may result in partial or complete damage to the reproductive system. As a rule, the disease affects the fallopian tubes, ovaries and the endometrial layer. The vastness of the symptoms of tuberculosis scares and affects at the same time. For the disease are characterized by:

  • lower back pain
  • lower abdominal pain
  • cycle failures
  • tachycardia,
  • lethargy and malaise,
  • emotional instability
  • loss of appetite and weight loss,
  • sleep disturbances and excessive sweating at night.

What to do if you feel unwell?

When the pain does not disappear at the end of menstruation and in addition it is accompanied by other symptoms, it is necessary to make an emergency visit to the doctor. Such symptoms should alert:

  • swelling of the mammary glands and the release of them transparent or white discharge,
  • after the end of menstruation bloody discharge is systematically observed,
  • the discharge is characterized by a sharp, unpleasant smell,
  • a temperature of 37-37.5 degrees is kept for several days,
  • temperature jump above 38 degrees
  • abdominal soreness even outside.

Nevertheless, not all ladies seriously assess their own condition and often resort to self-treatment. Hot tea and a hot water bottle can and will eliminate spasm, but do not eliminate inflammation and only increase bleeding, if there is one. So you shouldn’t allow problems of the reproductive system to go by chance, trusting the occasion, but rather visit a doctor who will really help to solve the problem.

Ovarian hyperstimulation

In the case where hormone therapy is performed to stimulate the ovaries to mature the follicle, hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) may occur. Under natural conditions, usually one egg matures, and with such interference there may be about twenty.

Most often, this tactic is needed during IVF and in the case when the menstrual cycles are anovulatory. Low back pain after menstruation, the causes of which are associated with hormone therapy, is understandable. In the process of action of hormones, the size of the ovaries grow and the capsule surrounding them stretches.

Capillaries and vessels become more permeable. The pain is more often felt in the lower abdomen, but also the back is under pressure. Condensed blood can accumulate in the abdominal and pleural cavities, so the patient will be tormented by prolonged edema, which is hard to get rid of. The general condition is very unpleasant, because there is a feeling of fullness and even the waist becomes more voluminous.

With a mild course of OHH, symptoms do not cause much discomfort.

When the moderate degree of consequences from hyperstimulation is diagnosed, then the question why after menstruation the loin hurts after months is sure to arise. In this embodiment, the abdomen is enlarged and swollen, and diarrhea may occur. Also from the gastrointestinal tract will manifest nausea and vomiting.

Severe form requires serious treatment, because the liver suffers. Fluid accumulates in the chest cavity, which causes shortness of breath after entering the lungs. The amount of urine is reduced. With the development of such a reaction, it is imperative that you seek help by agreeing to hospitalization. With a mild to moderate degree, a woman only regularly visits her doctor who controls her condition.

The described violations can appear both before implantation and during pregnancy, which entails a serious danger.

Neoplasm

The cyst is a rounded closed cavity containing fluid. Because of cystic formations, the size of the ovary becomes larger, therefore, after menstruation, the waist and abdomen aches, as the normal size of the organ is disturbed and excessive pressure occurs.

Follicular cyst. Such cysts appear from the tissues of the ovary, if the mechanisms of ovulation are violated. The follicle grows further, without bursting in time. Liquid may also accumulate in the yellow body. Typically, the follicular formation passes without treatment - over the next two cycles.

Endometrial cyst. These cysts are called chocolate cysts, because they are filled with a thick dark brown substrate. They are formed on the background of endometriosis. Therefore, they bleed on those days of the cycle when the planned discharge begins.

Benign tumors. These structures are not similar to cysts, because they are the process of growth and cell division. Tumors can be similar in appearance to cysts, then they are called cystic, there are also other types - hormonally active and inactive. Deal with the situation can only doctor, having conducted all the necessary research.

It is impossible to suspect a tumor at the very beginning of the disease - there is no symptoms. Pain in the lower back after menstruation do not bother. One of the signs - a violation of the cycle, delayed menstruation.

Over time, when the tumor becomes larger, there are discomfort after sexual contact, which lasts for a long time. A woman begins to constantly accompany the feeling of heaviness and pain.

In case of malformations of the neoplasm in case of torsion of the legs or perforation, pain will appear in the abdomen, giving to other organs. Hence, back pain after menstruation. The reasons are quite serious, the urgent help of a specialist will be needed. A woman will experience all signs of intoxication - temperature, nausea and vomiting.

Tuberculosis

The disease occurs by infection with Koch's wand. Usually the bacterium settles on the fallopian tubes, the uterus itself, its neck, ovaries and vagina are rarely affected. Outside, there are also foci, but they are rarely diagnosed.

Symptoms of tuberculosis that has seized the sexual sphere are:

  • menstrual bleeding missing for quite a long time,
  • during and after periods of pain in the lower abdomen and lower back,
  • there may be bleeding between cycles
  • on time the planned allocation does not pass during the week and is very abundant,
  • body temperature rises to subfebrile numbers,
  • weight loss,
  • weakness, bad mood,
  • sweating.

If the process affects the abdominal cavity, the abdomen will begin to hurt badly, recalling the same sharp pains that are characteristic during attacks of appendicitis, ectopic pregnancy in the event of a rupture of the tube and ovarian apoplexy.

Recommendations

Naturally, for any discomfort that interferes with life, an urgent need to visit a gynecologist. He will help you find the main cause of the disease to eliminate it. Delaying a visit to a specialist, there is a risk of complications, as well as acquire a chronic form of a particular ailment.

So, you need a doctor's advice if:

  • after menstruation loin and stomach ache,
  • unscheduled bloody vaginal discharge,
  • cycle violations
  • temperature rise,
  • spotting bleeding after or before menstruation,
  • mucopurulent discharge with a pungent odor.

An earlier appeal to a medical institution is the key to successful treatment! The reproductive system will suffer greatly if the inflammation is not cured immediately. This is especially important for those women who are planning a pregnancy.

The main causes of pain

If it hurts or pulls the lower abdomen immediately after the end of menstruation, it is time to sound the alarm. The situation can be much more serious than it seems. An accurate diagnosis can only be made by a qualified specialist. But first you need to pass tests, make an ultrasound.

  1. Hormonal disorders. Any failure in the production of "female" hormones can cause severe pain. So, their excess sometimes leads to strong contractions of the uterus. And the more its contractile ability, the stronger the pain in the pelvis. Often all this is accompanied by nausea, chills, severe migraine.
  2. Specific structure of the uterus. This muscular organ is sometimes located extremely close to the nerve endings. If the nervous system of a woman is also easily excitable, severe cramping pain is formed.
  3. Acceptance of hormones. Hormonal drugs are often prescribed to women in the treatment of infertility. However, they often provoke structural changes in the ovaries. Cysts are formed. The ovaries dramatically increase in size. All these changes cause pain during and after menstruation.
  4. Hyperfunction of the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland greatly affects the condition of the female body. In addition to painful sensations in the lower back and lower abdomen, sleep worsens, appetite disappears, the psycho-emotional sphere suffers.
  5. Endometriosis. Some women have problems with excessive growth of the endometrium. The latter grows out of the uterus. Due to the accumulation of blood outside the uterus and there are cramping pain, spasms after menstruation.
  6. Ectopic pregnancy. If, for some reason, the fertilized egg is attached outside the uterus area, after the menstrual period, the smears continue. The latter are often accompanied by pulling pains. This problem requires an immediate solution. Ectopic pregnancy is dangerous for the life of a woman.
  7. Growing cyst If cysts or any other neoplasms begin to grow on the genitals, it will certainly cause pain before, during, after menstruation. Even a small cyst increases over time. There is a feeling of internal pressure. Then there is a violation of the normal blood supply to the pelvic organs, which provokes the appearance of pain.
  8. Tumor. Any neoplasm is capable of causing not only discomfort, but also pain after menstruation. The latter are usually the cause of lumbar pain. Therefore, it is sometimes difficult to determine their main focus.
  9. Appendicitis. Not always aching, dull pains are taken for inflammation of the appendix. Sometimes they give to the peritoneum and lower back. However, inflammation of the appendix occurs not only after menstruation, but also on any day of the cycle.
  10. Genital tuberculosis.

Rarely the cause of pain in the lower abdomen, lower back is tuberculosis. The disease deals a strong blow to the female genital organs: the uterus, its neck and tubes, the ovaries, the vagina. Genital tuberculosis requires immediate medical attention. Only a doctor can make a correct diagnosis, excluding appendicitis, ectopic pregnancy, ovarian disease.

It's all about the emotions

Protracted stress, neurosis, depression, panic attacks - all this affects the reproductive system of women. Very often, pain in the lumbar region, abdomen occurs not from scratch, but due to weakening of immunity during menstruation, as well as with strong emotional depression. The combination of adverse factors results in a persistent pain syndrome, which can be difficult to remove. In such a situation, you should learn to relax, to cope with your emotions, not to take to heart the critical remarks of others. If necessary, you should seek help from a good psychologist.

How to be treated

To identify the true causes of pain in the lower back and lower abdomen after menstruation, several examinations should be performed. What exactly will prompt a qualified doctor. Thus, a timely ultrasound study will allow to identify foci of inflammation of the genital organs (ovaries, uterus, as well as its neck and tubes). These hormone tests will reveal violations that have given impetus to the intensive growth of uterine tissues or appendages. Sometimes it is not enough to check only sex hormones. Depending on the individual characteristics of the organism, the presence of chronic diseases, past diseases, the doctor prescribes tests of the thyroid gland, pancreas, adrenal glands.

Smears taken from the vagina, will show the presence or absence of bacteria, fungi. They also help identify the presence of benign neoplasms in the early stages of development. Do not exclude from the list of tests for genital infections, which often serve as the cause of pain. Always remember: if the body sends signals in the form of pain, this is a warning about the presence of inflammatory processes in the female genital organs, the appearance of cysts, tumors or other neoplasms.

If after menstruation pain persists in the lower abdomen and lower back, you should definitely visit the doctor and pass the necessary tests. Infections, including hidden, inflammatory processes will lead to infertility and other disorders of the female reproductive system.

Why lower abdominal pain after menstruation

Causes of pain after menstruation are varied. Such symptoms in certain situations are considered normal, but often pathological.

It is quite difficult to independently determine why the discomfort appeared after the end of the regulation. A woman needs to listen to all the changes that occur in her body, and tell the doctor about them. After a complete diagnosis, the gynecologist will be able to identify the cause of the discomfort and make an accurate diagnosis.

Uterine myoma

This is a benign growth that can appear from the outer and inner parts of the genital organ. In the process of its growth, the muscles and ligaments stretch, and the neighboring organs, vessels, and nerve endings are compressed. At the same time, the stomach increases in size and, after the end of critical days, aches, as before menstruation. Outside the period of menstruation spotting appears.

Sometimes, uterine fibroids with endometriosis cause serious symptoms. Learn how to deal with this pathology in a separate article on our website.

Inflammatory diseases of the female genital organs

The risk of developing inflammatory diseases during the regulatory period and immediately after their completion increases significantly. For this reason, it is recommended to observe all the rules of intimate hygiene with special care, properly care for the genitals and avoid hypothermia. These pathologies are capable of rapidly developing, affecting the ovaries and the genital organ. As a result, after the monthly pain in the lower abdomen.

Endometritis and salpingoophoritis are manifested primarily as uncharacteristic secretions. There is also nagging pain, fever.

These diseases require mandatory therapy. The doctor will tell you in detail which medicines and antibiotics for endometritis will help and prescribe a course of treatment.

The cysts formed in the ovaries may not immediately manifest themselves. Often they are detected during the ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs. The main symptom of pathology is pain in the lower abdomen on the right or left.

Among the complications of the disease are the rupture of cysts and twisting their legs. In this case, the pain syndrome becomes cutting and the woman needs urgent medical assistance.

Adhesions in the pelvic cavity

This pathology is characterized by the formation of adhesions in the genital organ or fallopian tubes, which is caused by the inflammatory process, which provokes an intensive production of the adhesive substance fibrin. Due to this, adjacent tissues are glued together, and inflammation does not spread to other areas. Tissues that are interconnected, gradually grow together and form adhesions.

The severity of the clinical picture is directly dependent on how much the adhesions have spread.

If the pathology is acute, in women after menstruation pulls the lower abdomen and lower back, there is hyperthermia, nausea, vomiting and weakness. In the case of a chronic course of the disease on a monthly basis (after the end of menstruation), aching pain appears.

In some cases, the disease is asymptomatic.

How to find out the reason for yourself

If the periods have passed, and the lower abdomen pulls, and the pain even passes into the lumbar region, then these symptoms often indicate the development of various pathologies, and not only in the gynecological field. It is quite difficult and almost impossible to determine the causes of their appearance on their own. Therefore, a woman should seek medical advice.

Sometimes such symptoms are considered normal. The admissible clinical manifestations in this case are the following:

  • pain syndrome, having paroxysmal character - gives to the lumbar region, thighs and groin,
  • a slight rise in temperature - up to 37 degrees,
  • bloating
  • irritability, distraction and anxiety,
  • excessive appetite and craving for sweets. State of health and mood after eating significantly improved,
  • weight gain
  • swelling of the legs and arms.

If, in addition to these clinical manifestations, other symptoms are observed, you should seek medical help as soon as possible. Only he is able to identify the causes of pain and choose the best course of treatment. The reason for the visit to the gynecologist are:

  • hyperthermia,
  • body temperature in the range of 37–37.5 degrees, observed for a long time,
  • breast enlargement in size and discharge of clear fluid from the nipples,
  • menstruation lasting longer than usual
  • an increase in pain to unbearable, it is even impossible to touch the stomach,
  • vomiting and nausea
  • painful defecation and urination,
  • deterioration of the general condition.

Such clinical manifestations often signal serious health problems. When they appear, you need as soon as possible to seek help from a doctor. Only with timely initiated therapy will it be possible to eliminate unpleasant symptoms and avoid complications. Self-medication in this case is considered an unacceptable measure.

Factors causing spasm and pain

Back pain after the end of the regulation can occur under the influence of various factors. The cause of discomfort in the abdomen is often stress or sleep disturbance. Problems with the endocrine system, on which hormones directly depend, can also provoke the appearance of unpleasant symptoms.

In some cases, the explanation for the pain after menstruation is the underdevelopment of the reproductive organ or its incorrect position. Often, such symptoms appear on the background of the inflammatory process in the urogenital system and the installation of the intrauterine device, which irritates the walls of the organ and creates a barrier to its reduction.

Hormonal imbalance can provoke the appearance of discomfort in the abdomen. This is due to the fact that the functioning of the reproductive system is directly dependent on hormones. As estrogen levels increase, critical days become longer and more painful. The cycle is lost. In addition, the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome may persist even after the end of the regulator, due to which there is pain in the abdomen at the end of critical days.

In the absence of a balance between prostaglandins (substances that contribute to the reduction of the reproductive organ) and sex hormones, pains also appear in the lower abdomen.

Such symptoms may occur due to banal hypothermia, the development of colds, excessive physical exertion during the critical days and chronic fatigue.

In case of depression of the immune system, the body is subject to various pathologies and is unable to resist them. Due to this, a favorable environment for the growth of bacteria is created, and painful sensations caused by the development of pathologies appear.

If the discomfort disappears a couple of days after the end of menstruation, then most likely they were caused by hormonal disorders. There is no cause for concern.

If the symptoms do not disappear after this time and are accompanied by other uncharacteristic changes in the body, you should seek medical help. Tightening a visit should not be, because the pathology of the urogenital system, intestine or thyroid system can cause pain and in the absence of proper treatment lead to serious complications.

Causes of discomfort in the lower abdomen after the end of menstruation are different. In some cases, there is no cause for concern, but often these symptoms indicate the development of serious pathologies. At the same time resort to self-treatment is strictly prohibited. Suppressing pain, eliminate the cause of its occurrence is impossible. Without proper therapy, the condition may worsen significantly. Therefore, it is important to seek medical advice in a timely manner.

Why does the stomach hurt before and during menstruation?

A week before the menstruation, many girls are pulling in the lower abdomen, engorgement of the mammary glands, slight pain and abdominal distention appear - these are symptoms that signal the onset of critical days.

Some ladies immediately try to find out the reasons why the lower abdomen hurts and whether these are signs of some kind of disease. But, in most cases, all the symptoms “write off” to premenstrual syndrome and wait for another bleeding.

The usual signs of upcoming menstruation are manifested in a weak localizing pain.

This may be due to various reasons:

    Before menstruation, a sharp drop in progesterone and estrogen in the blood occurs in the body, and as a result, the level of endorphins falls. And any unexpected hormone surges can not go unnoticed by the female body. That is why the deterioration of health, and the stomach does not stand aside.

Pain in the period of menstruation is also possible, but after two days, the maximum should pass, although there are exceptions.

Such feelings are associated with:

  • nerve endings in the uterus,
  • the individual structure of the female organ,
  • state hormonal levels of women.

No matter how it was there, but at the end of bleeding, all painful discomfort must end. If the situation is reversed and the pain remains, you should consult a doctor.

Why pain after menstruation are dangerous

When the lower abdomen hurts after menstruation, while pulling the lower back, the situation can be much more serious than the girl suggests. Under these sensations can hide a whole "bunch" of diseases that are accompanied by other symptoms and signs.

What to do in such cases, why the pain does not pass after menstruation? Visit the gynecologist's office. An accurate diagnosis can be made only by a qualified specialist after the results of the examination and analyzes.

Pain in the lower abdomen and lower back may indicate a variety of causes that require immediate resolution.

Consider the most common:

  • Hormonal disorders may well cause such a condition. Failures affect the contractile work of the uterus, and the more such contractions, the more pain. In fact, there are always other symptoms associated with this disorder: migraine, chills, nausea.
  • The peculiarity of the structure of the uterus. It may be located in particular proximity to the nerve endings. If we add to this uniqueness the increased excitability of the nervous system, we get cramping pains in the lower abdomen and lower back.
  • Hormonal drugs. Often, a woman who took hormonal contraceptives for the treatment of infertility, there are violations of the structure of the ovaries - overstimulation. This refers to cysts on the ovaries, increasing them in size. Severe form of such problems can cause discomfort after menstruation.
  • Increased thyroid activitywhich also affects women's health. In addition to pain in the lower abdomen and lower back, the following symptoms may occur: psycho-emotional disorders, loss of appetite and sleep. In these women PMS occurs in a more pronounced form.
  • Endometriosis. Problems with the process of increasing the endometrium can also disrupt the condition of the woman. For example, if the uterus enlarges beyond the limits of the female organ, into the abdominal cavity. This disease is endometriosis. Due to the accumulation of blood in this area occur abdominal cramps after menstruation.
  • Ectopic pregnancy may cause lower back pain after menstruation. It hurts the lower abdomen, but the focus of pain is localized on the one hand, where the fertilized egg is attached in the "wrong" place. With ectopic pregnancy appear bloody discharge after menstruation. Such “abnormal pregnancy is dangerous for the woman’s life, therefore, it is necessary to urgently fix the problem using laparoscopy.
  • Cyst, tumor on the genitals - All this can also be the cause of pain after menstruation. Such neoplasms tend to increase in size, which leads to a feeling of internal constriction. All this leads to blockage of the normal blood supply to the female genitals. As a result, there is discomfort in the lower part of the pelvis - the lower abdomen hurts and gives to the lower back even after the end of menstruation.
  • Appendicitis or inflammation of the appendix they can cause sharp stabbing, aching or dull pains not only in the right side, but also give in other areas of the abdominal cavity, pulling the entire lower back. Of course, the main focus of inflammation is on the right, therefore, strong pain falls on the source of the problem itself. This disease is characterized by nausea, even vomiting, fever and chills. What to do in this situation? Eliminate possible other causes, but if the pain is clearly pronounced on the right, immediately consult a doctor. An inflammation of the appendix can occur on any day of the cycle, not only after menstruation.

Another disease can cause back pain after menstruation, although the disease is less common. Who would have thought, but tuberculosis can also cause similar symptoms that affect the stomach of a woman. With this disease, the genitals can be completely affected. But in 90% of cases, pathology strikes the ovaries, fallopian tubes and uterus. Rarely, tuberculosis affects the external genitals - the vagina and the cervix.

What if a woman observes the symptoms of genital tuberculosis? Urgently consult a specialist. Genital tuberculosis can cause an acute stomach. A specialist in such cases may be mistaken with the assumption of diagnosis, because the symptoms resemble appendicitis, ovarian apoplexy, ectopic pregnancy.

It is necessary to pass all tests, to undergo a full examination in order to determine the exact diagnosis by 100%.

The symptoms of this disease are quite wide:

  • The absence of monthly more than 2 cycles
  • Intense pain during menstruation,
  • Intermenstrual blood smearing
  • Heavy bleeding for more than a week
  • Low-grade body temperature
  • Sharp weight loss
  • Increased sweating compared to the usual
  • Poor general well-being.

In any case, when after menstruation the lower back and lower abdomen hurts, especially if the pains are cramping, you should not postpone the visit to the doctor.

Inflammatory nature of lower abdominal pain

Often the cause of pain in the lower abdomen and lower back after the end of critical days can be diseases that are inflammatory in nature. It can be diseases that have become chronic, with periodic recurrence, so the woman suffers from ailments more than one cycle of menstruation. Although, pain can occur on any day of the cycle.

Inflammations often provoke pain in the lower abdomen and lower back after menstruation.

Among them are the following diseases:

  • Adnexitis - inflammation of the appendages, sometimes due to infection. The source can be chlamydia, mycoplasma, ureplazma. Such a problem may worsen and cause infertility. Therefore, if a woman has discovered lingering pain in the lower abdomen, passing into the lower back, you should immediately head towards the gynecologist.
  • Oophoritis - acute inflammation in the ovaries. The causative agents are various cocci, tuberculosis and E. coli, chlamydia. The disease can develop into adnexitis and salpingo-oophoritis (damage to the fallopian tubes and ovaries). Oophoritis has several stages of the disease: acute, subacute, chronic with periodic recurrence. During the acute form, the woman feels the whole “bunch” of symptoms: an increased body temperature is about 38 degrees, the stomach hardens and tension is felt in it. Between this, the woman’s well-being suffers: nausea, headache, uncharacteristic vaginal discharge, urinary retention, and the like. Chronic oophoritis is not as pronounced, but also unpleasant. Do not wait for improvements, but rather start the treatment of the problem.
  • Endometritis - inflammation of the internal endometrium. The source becomes an infectious nature: genital infection, complications after childbirth, cleaning the uterus, cesarean section, even the installation of an intrauterine contraceptive can be a cause if it is not properly selected or installed. Symptoms of endometritis are localizing pain in the lower back, lower abdomen and vaginal secretions of brown color with mucus.
  • Vulvitis - inflammation of the vulva. The "root of evil" can be infections and fungi. Deviation from simple standards of hygiene, cramped and synthetic underwear - all this can provoke the development of vulvitis. In such cases, the girl notes in her swelling of the vulva, burning and itching of the perineum, purulent discharge from the vagina, the stomach also suffers.
  • Cervicitis - inflammatory process in the cervix area. Quite often, this disease is accompanied by stretching abdominal pain, lower back, as well as purulent vaginal secretions. The cause of cervicitis can be various infections, viruses, damage after surgical interventions on the female's genitals.
  • Cystitis - problems in the genitourinary system can be attributed to this list - inflammation of the urinary bladder. The disease can come from different sides: infection, allergies, promiscuous sex, bowel disease and many others. Symptoms of cystitis rather pronounced: painful urination, pain in the lower abdomen after menstruation, blood in the urine.
  • Pyelonephritis - bacterial inflammatory kidney disease. Symptoms: high body temperature, severe chills, lower back pain, nausea, vomiting, frequent urination, blood in the urine.
  • Urolithiasis disease - not an exception. Pull in the lower abdomen and lower back can be a consequence of urolithiasis. Stones appear on the background of various failures in a woman’s health. A sign may be a dull pain in the spinal region, rarely - blood in the urine.

When to go to the doctor

As you can see, pain after menstruation in the stomach can be of different origin. Therefore, it is important to visit a gynecologist. He pinpoint the source and rid of it.

Not all women at the first discomfort run to the doctor. However, there are situations that do not tolerate objections, but require an immediate appeal to a specialist.

So, if a girl, in addition to the discomfort of the abdomen, discovered the following problems after menstruation, what should be done?

Seek help from specialized locations:

  • Increased body temperature
  • Low-grade fever for several days
  • An increase in the mammary glands, in addition, an incomprehensible fluid is secreted from the nipples,
  • Vaginal discharge has a strong odor,
  • Abdominal pain are intense, and pulls not only in the middle, but also outside.

For any progressive symptoms, either before the menstruation, during menstruation, or after it - self-medication can only aggravate the situation. A warm heater, bath or spasmalgothic, will solve the problem for a while, and qualified therapy will relieve the disease forever and the stomach will no longer be disturbed.

Why does inflammation occur?

Quite a large number of women complains of abdominal pain before menstruation and after them. But there are still those who have a stomach ache even after the days of menstruation. So what are the reasons for this and what happens in the female body?

The fact is that each organism is individual and the causes in all pain sensations are diverse. Whatever it was, you must carefully treat your body and look for the causes of any pain that appears.

Why pulls or hurts lower abdomen after menstruation?

Sometimes after menstruation there are sensations, as if pulling the lower abdomen. The reasons for this behavior are varied and not necessarily gynecological.

The main causes of lower abdominal pain after menstruation:

  1. Violations of the gastrointestinal tract. Abdominal distention causes very unpleasant sensations, and abdominal pain is varied. In this case, pain can be felt in the uterus. In this case, it is necessary to get rid of constipation or another cause of bloating with the help of proven medicines, or to seek help from a gastroenterologist.
  2. Pregnancy. A woman may have bleeding instead of menstruation, but she does not pay attention to it. When the bleeding ends, a pulling pain in the abdomen remains. It is necessary to check the probability of pregnancy if the periods were not as usual, but more scarce. If necessary, consult a gynecologist.
  3. Inflammatory gynecological diseases:

Abdominal pain after menstruation is observed in many females and provoking factors are also a large number.

During menstruation, there is a rhythmic contraction of the uterus, because when a woman's pain receptors are extremely susceptible, she will, in combination with pain, react to any contraction.

Moreover, the hormone content plays an extremely important role in the condition of a woman.

When an increase in the level of estrogen occurs in the body, menstruation will become extremely unpleasant, long and intense, but this is often observed in females after 30 years.

Causes of pain after menstruation are varied. Such symptoms in certain situations are considered normal, but often pathological.

It is quite difficult to independently determine why the discomfort appeared after the end of the regulation. A woman needs to listen to all the changes that occur in her body, and tell the doctor about them. After a complete diagnosis, the gynecologist will be able to identify the cause of the discomfort and make an accurate diagnosis.

Other reasons

If, after the end of menstruation, you experience recurring painful manifestations, then you should be aware that this clinical picture is not characteristic of either ovulatory or menstrual syndrome.

In rare cases, such unpleasant feelings are the effects of heavy and painful periods. But, as medical practice shows, in most cases it is the result of the progression of any disease in the genitals.

If after menstruation for some time the stomach hurts, this phenomenon can be very different. Moreover, discomfort is not always associated with gynecological diseases.

The most harmless factor is bloating and constipation. Gastrointestinal problems can be transmitted to the uterus, and the abdominal pain will be varied. A consultation with a gastroenterologist or an effective remedy for meteorism and other disorders of the digestive system will help to get rid of the symptom.

After an abortion or miscarriage, abdominal pain after menstruation will manifest itself over several cycles.

It is necessary to carefully listen to the well-being, because inflammation can develop in the genital tract. It is dangerous to engage in self-medication, it is better to consult a specialist.

Periodically, a woman feels that she has a lower abdominal pain after menstruation. This is observed as a result of normal body function.

In this case, the symptoms are not considered critical and do not require any medical intervention.

These include:

  • Ovulation. The maturation of the bulb with a further release of the egg. Lasts from 12 hours to 2 days. Sometimes this process is associated with pain, scarce bleeding. Pulling sensations during ovulation begin at about 12-18 days.
  • Premenstrual syndrome. Basically, discomfort is noted a week before the start of the menstrual cycle. But in women with cycle instability, who have suffered inflammatory or viral diseases, they can face cyclical failures. Monthly come with a delay or come early.
  • Pregnancy. After menstruation, the lower abdomen and lumbar region during the time of fertilization. This is associated with a gradual growth of the embryo. In connection with the enhanced synthesis of proteins, the woman feels spasmodic. Further, other symptoms of pregnancy become expressive: toxicosis, delayed menstrual cycle, pain in the mammary glands. The lower abdomen can pull only 1 trimester of pregnancy.
  • Hormonal imbalance. Due to the improper functioning of the endocrine system, the hormone content changes dramatically. It is possible to stop the condition by using special medications.

Appears as a result of the use of oral contraception, the occurrence of various kinds of diseases, deviations from the diet.

If the periods have passed, and the lower abdomen pulls, and the pain even passes into the lumbar region, then these symptoms often indicate the development of various pathologies, and not only in the gynecological field. It is quite difficult and almost impossible to determine the causes of their appearance on their own. Therefore, a woman should seek medical advice.

Sometimes such symptoms are considered normal. The admissible clinical manifestations in this case are the following:

  • pain syndrome, having paroxysmal character - gives to the lumbar region, thighs and groin,
  • a slight rise in temperature - up to 37 degrees,
  • bloating
  • irritability, distraction and anxiety,
  • excessive appetite and craving for sweets. State of health and mood after eating significantly improved,
  • weight gain
  • swelling of the legs and arms.

If, in addition to these clinical manifestations, other symptoms are observed, you should seek medical help as soon as possible. Only he is able to identify the causes of pain and choose the best course of treatment. The reason for the visit to the gynecologist are:

  • hyperthermia,
  • body temperature in the range of 37–37.5 degrees, observed for a long time,
  • breast enlargement in size and discharge of clear fluid from the nipples,
  • menstruation lasting longer than usual
  • an increase in pain to unbearable, it is even impossible to touch the stomach,
  • vomiting and nausea
  • painful defecation and urination,
  • deterioration of the general condition.

Such clinical manifestations often signal serious health problems.When they appear, you need as soon as possible to seek help from a doctor. Only with timely initiated therapy will it be possible to eliminate unpleasant symptoms and avoid complications. Self-medication in this case is considered an unacceptable measure.

If it hurts or pulls the lower abdomen immediately after the end of menstruation, it is time to sound the alarm. The situation can be much more serious than it seems. An accurate diagnosis can only be made by a qualified specialist. But first you need to pass tests, make an ultrasound.

Often the lower abdomen begins to pull due to violations of the mental state of the woman. This is due solely to external irritating factors.

The reason is emotions

Unbelievable, but true: the emotional state can cause exactly the same pain as the above reasons. Hysteria, prolonged stress or depression (they are also called “borderline emotional states”) are very rare and, fortunately, are easily treatable.

But the most important doctor in this case is you. Cope with your emotions, relax, find your outlet and you will not torment the "menstrual nightmare."

How to help women cope with pain

If, during menstruation, the stomach and lower back hurt, and when there are no periods, then it does not cease to hurt, the girl should definitely see a doctor and explain her problem. The doctor will carry out an examination, will appoint the delivery of the necessary tests and on the basis of all the results will make a diagnosis.

If necessary, and for a more thorough examination, the doctor may prescribe an ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging. In severe cases, the doctor may prescribe medication. The gynecologist prescribes all medicines strictly individually for each patient, depending on their state of health.

If pains appear every month, after the completion of menstruation (but not more than 3 days after the end of the cycle), the woman can take Tempalgin, Spazmalgon or Ketarol. These medications will help relieve the pain that is pulling in and alleviate the suffering of the patient. A single dose of the drug should not exceed 1-2 tablets, you can take it up to 6 times a day.

If the malaise is associated with an inflammatory-infectious disease, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics. If the doctor finds a neoplasm, surgery may be necessary.

It is advisable to rest more on such days, you can tie the lower back with a warm scarf, cover yourself with a warm blanket and lie down for several hours. On such days it is not recommended to go in for sports and carry heavy bags.

When the pain subsides, it is necessary to be in the fresh air more often, to surround yourself only with positive emotions, avoiding stress.

Traditional medicine advises on such days to take an infusion of wormwood. It is necessary to take a teaspoon of chopped herbs and pour it with a glass of boiling water. Drink insist about 3 hours, and then filtered. Drink this infusion is recommended for half a cup 2 times a day, the duration of such treatment - up to 5 days.

With long-term discomfort, who visited you one-time after the end of menstruation, you should not be alarmed - perhaps it was caused by local causes that are of a physiological or neurotic nature.

Repetition of pain at a time when they should not be, provides for a mandatory diagnostic study.

It is especially urgent to do this in the following cases:

  • if after menstruation the bottom is aching and spotting is observed,
  • if there is an enlargement of the mammary glands, and you notice white or transparent discharge protruding from them,
  • if the discharge suddenly acquired an unpleasant pungent smell,
  • if the pain is localized not only inside the abdomen, but also outside,
  • if the body temperature is low-grade (37–37.5 degrees) or elevated (38 degrees or more).

Genital health is the main component of a woman’s overall health, since its main purpose is to become a mother. Given the importance of this, it is unacceptable to engage in self-treatment of such cases - at the same time a great risk is only to aggravate the condition.

Only the timeliness of the start of treatment, the control of a qualified gynecologist, modern methods of therapy, your patience, discipline in therapy and focus on the result will certainly return women's health.

Initially, you should use folk remedies. When this technique did not result, it is necessary to take medication.

Also effective are yoga classes. Such exercises effectively eliminate abdominal pain.

Pain can quickly pass through the process of systematically using oral contraception. Often, oral contraceptives have a healing effect.

To choose the right means, you should consult with your doctor and make the necessary diagnostics.

Other medications that can help. These include drugs, which relax muscles, eliminate cramping and remove pain.

Also helps tea from medicinal plants with a solution of valerian. It has a calming, relaxing effect.

If you experience such pain, you need more time to relax and adhere to bed rest.

A large number of women after menstruation pulls the stomach. The causes are different, and the diagnosis of painful discomfort in some situations is rather difficult.

An important role is provided by the content of hormones. If there is an increase in the content of a special hormone - estrogen - the period will be much more painful.

When discomfort lasts less than 2–3 days, there is no cause for concern.

When pains begin after each menstrual cycle, that is, constantly, and continue for more than 7 days, you should seek medical help to identify the causes and prescribe the appropriate treatment.

To identify the cause of pain in the lower back and abdomen after menstruation, it is necessary to undergo a number of examinations.

The main causes of pain

Aching pain in the groin that persists after the end of menstruation may be caused by:

  • sexually transmitted, sexually transmitted infections,
  • the formation of ovarian cysts,
  • hormonal imbalance
  • inflammatory diseases of the reproductive system,
  • oncological tumors
  • ailments of the nervous system
  • genital tuberculosis,
  • ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome.

Depending on the cause of the pathology, the pain may have a different intensity, giving in the lower back, hip, intestine. There may be bloody, spotting or a different color, itching of the vulva, a strong odor.

How does endometritis manifest

With endometritis, the mucous membrane of the uterus and the epithelium, the inner layer lining the organ cavity, inflames. This disease of infectious nature, develops as a result of:

  • cesarean section
  • childbirth,
  • instrumental research
  • medical abortion,
  • sexual intercourse during critical days,
  • installation of intrauterine device,
  • genital infections.

With acute endometritis, the duration of menstruation increases, uterine bleeding may develop, the menstrual cycle is disturbed, and the temperature rises to 38 °. After the end of critical days, pain remains in the lower abdomen, which gives to the pelvic region and lower back, there is a smearing brown or discharge with pus. In women of mature age, necrotic masses may collect in the uterus, causing an increase in its size.

Chronic endometritis is characterized by a protracted course without hyperthermia. The aching pains are practically not felt in the back. Purulent discharge persists. When menstruation hurts the groin area, the cycle is broken, there are delays, intermenstrual bleeding.

Symptoms of oophoritis

Acute inflammation of the ovaries is called oophoritis. The causative agents of the pathological process can be staphylococcus, chlamydia, streptococcus, mycobacterium tuberculosis, E. coli. Bacteria reach the reproductive organs in an ascending path or with blood from diseased organs.

Causes of oophoritis:

  • weakening of immunity
  • hypothermia
  • complication of vaginitis, vulvitis,
  • consequences of abortion,
  • chronic diseases of other internal organs,
  • genital infections
  • suffered stress, chronic fatigue,
  • installation of intrauterine device.

Most often, inflammation of the ovaries is combined with damage to the uterus and appendages; andexitis or salpingo-oophoritis develops. The disease causes the destruction of epithelial tissue and the formation of adhesions, which is accompanied by an inflammatory process. Oophoritis can have an acute, subacute and chronic course with periodic relapses.

The acute stage is characterized by the fact that a woman has a severe pain in her stomach and lower back, as during menstruation, body temperature rises to 38 °, the inguinal region is hard and tense. Hyperthermia is accompanied by symptoms of intoxication:

  • headache,
  • weakness,
  • nausea,
  • sweating
  • sometimes urination is delayed,
  • purulent, offensive discharge from the vagina.

In chronic course of oophoritis, the signs are less pronounced. The lower back hurts, whines and pulls the stomach, menstruation is painful, the cycle is broken. The duration of critical days increases, the discharge becomes more abundant with clots or, conversely, scanty, smearing, dark brown or black. This state negatively affects the psycho-emotional state of a woman. Launched oophoritis can lead to infertility.

Signs of adnexitis

Adnexitis is an inflammatory disease of the appendages. Most often, the pathology is diagnosed in women older than 25-30 years. The causes of the disease are identical to oophoritis, they have a similar clinical picture, as usually the uterine tubes, the ovaries and the uterus are involved in the inflammatory process.

The main symptoms of adnexitis:

  • hyperthermia up to 39 °,
  • acute pain in the abdomen,
  • violation of the menstrual cycle,
  • dysmenorrhea,
  • intermenstrual bleeding,
  • pain when urinating,
  • copious watery or purulent discharge
  • painful intercourse.

The stomach can ache very much, the attack is similar to an acute appendicitis. Analgesics help poorly. When the disease becomes chronic, the symptoms become less intense. Stomach bothers almost constantly, on critical days and when there is no menstruation. Pains become nagging, periodically relapses of adnexitis occur.

Without timely treatment, pathology can lead to peritonitis, the formation of adhesions, ectopic pregnancy, infertility.

Symptoms of cyst and ovarian cystic tumor

A cyst is a rounded formation filled with fluid that forms in the cavity of the ovary and leads to a significant increase in its size. The reason for the development of pathology is a violation of the hormonal background in the woman's body.

  • follicular
  • endometriomas,
  • cystic tumors.

Follicular cysts are formed from the own tissue of the ovary, resulting from a violation of the ovulation process, in which the growth of the follicle continues or fluid accumulates in the corpus luteum. Such cysts do not require any treatment and disappear on their own in a month or two. Endometriomas develop due to damage to the inner layer of the ovary. A capsule filled with blood is formed.

Cystic tumors are cancerous growths that have the appearance of cysts. The correct diagnosis is established after additional research.

In the initial stages of the disease is almost asymptomatic. A characteristic sign is a violation of the menstrual cycle, there is a delay of menstruation or uterine bleeding develop. In girls, puberty begins early.

Lower abdominal pain or a feeling of heaviness, discomfort may appear after intercourse and persist for a long time. If perforation or torsion of the cyst leg occurs, the pain becomes intense, giving to the sacrum, the rectum. This condition causes intoxication with nausea, vomiting, high fever.

When to visit a doctor

It is necessary to consult a gynecologist if you experience any uncomfortable sensations in the lower abdomen. Delayed treatment leads to the transition of the disease to the chronic form and the development of severe complications.

To visit the doctor you need for the following symptoms:

  • pain in the lower abdomen, which persists after the end of menstruation,
  • uterine bleeding,
  • violation of the menstrual cycle,
  • hyperthermia,
  • bloody spotting after menstruation,
  • intermenstrual bleeding,
  • purulent discharge with an unpleasant odor.

Regular preventive examination helps to identify the disease at an early stage and prompt treatment.

If after menstruation in the abdominal pain persists, which gives the lower back, you should visit the doctor. Launched forms of inflammatory, infectious diseases lead to the development of infertility, pathological disorders of the reproductive system.

I often have pain in the loins, and there are characteristic nagging pains. It turns out that such manifestations can have many causes, and some of them are very unpleasant. Although, judging by the symptoms that require immediate medical attention, nothing of the kind is observed. But I am planning to visit a gynecologist in the near future and make an ultrasound of the internal organs.

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