Hygiene

Black discharge in menstruation: norm or pathology

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Many women often cause excitement black blood during menstruation. The usual color of the discharge during menstruation is red. Also the norm is the absence of any specific smell. On different days of the menstrual cycle, the nature of the discharge varies from dark and thick to light and watery.

Sometimes the color of the discharge changes, it can turn black, at the same time there are any blotches, clots, disgusting smell. Also, such menstrual flow may be accompanied by severe pain, itching of the internal and external genital organs, the appearance of severe burning sensation. Many gynecologists believe that this kind of discharge may well be a variant of the norm, since the color of blood depends directly on its density. But to say that it is always not so, as there are a number of diseases that affect the staining of menstruation.

What influences the appearance of dark discharge during menstruation

Disorders of the patient’s hormonal background may affect the darkening of the discharge during menstruation. Also, the color of the blood may change during the postpartum period. After giving birth, the uterus cannot fully recover and shrink to its normal size, as a result of which the excretions increase their volume and composition. Black menstruation can also occur with a decline or increase in body weight, which also affects the number of blood cells. For many women, dark menstruation may indicate an approaching menopause. Taking certain medications can also affect blood composition and changes in discharge during menstruation.

If an unpleasant odor is added to the menstruation, then we can talk about a number of possible diseases.

The most common among them are: polyps, cysts, oncological processes, endometriosis, endometritis, various inflammatory processes and infections (STDs - sex). Black periods that appeared on the 1 day of the cycle can often be a sign of the onset of pregnancy. In this case, the woman should do a test to determine pregnancy and, if a positive or doubtful result is obtained, immediately contact a specialist. Since this symptom may well be a symptom of a miscarriage or a pathological pregnancy.

A change in menstruation staining may indicate many inflammatory processes in the uterus, such as a disease of the ovaries, tubes, or the body of the uterus itself.

The reason for the urgent appeal to the doctor can serve if the following symptoms are added to darkening:

  • there is itching in the genital area,
  • menstruation is accompanied by burning sensation and discomfort,
  • there is increased fatigue and dizziness,
  • hair falls out in much bigger volume, fragility of nails increases,
  • the volume of the monthly changes dramatically.

Darkening of the discharge during menstruation may occur in women in the postpartum period, as a global hormonal rearrangement occurs. During breastfeeding, menses often become scarce and almost black. In this case, if the appearance of odor and sharp pains are not added to the menstrual period, we can say that this menstruation is quite a normal variant. Also, abortion or miscarriage can affect menstrual changes. During pregnancy, the hormones of a woman change, prepare the body for the upcoming changes. The walls of the uterus is lined with a thick layer of epithelium for good attachment of the fetus.

The effect of hormonal drugs on the color of menstruation

During an abortion or miscarriage, this process of preparation is sharply disturbed, the hormonal background changes and leads to menstruation. The epithelium begins to come out with the menstrual flow and the color of the menses also turns black. In many cases, menstruation darkening occurs when there is erosion of the uterus. Erosion is the presence of a cylindrical epithelium lining the cervical canal on the surface of the vagina.

Bleeding often occurs at the site of erosion, which during menstruation increases the density of blood and causes darkening of the discharge.

The most common method of contraception in the modern world has been hormonal drugs. This method is very effective and positively affects the body of a woman. While taking contraceptive drugs, the woman's cycle becomes stable, as the hormonal levels level off.

Menstrual flow while taking hormones also change. As a rule, in the first days of the cycle, the secretions are dark and abundant, by the end of the menstrual period the blood becomes lighter. After discontinuation of hormones, menstruation may remain the same. If the discharge abruptly changes, or additional symptoms appear, the woman should consult a gynecologist as soon as possible.

Personal hygiene and treatment

If a woman does not follow the rules of intimate hygiene, then this can lead to a number of diseases that contribute to the darkening or alteration of menstrual flow.
Personal hygiene rules include:

  1. Daily washing of the external genitalia with warm running water in the morning and evening.
  2. Use only special products for washing, as they do not affect the change in the acid-base composition of the skin. Do not use soap or shampoo in any case.
  3. During menstruation, it is advisable to use gaskets made of natural materials that do not contain fragrances and dyes. Tampons should be used only in the first days of the month or as needed.
  4. Avoid swimming in open water during menstruation, as during this period the woman's body becomes susceptible to any infections.
  5. Underwear should be made from natural materials.
  6. During the period of menstruation to observe sexual peace.

With the appearance of black discharge, a woman should consult a gynecologist. To make a diagnosis, it is necessary to undergo an ultrasound scan and pass tests. If necessary, the doctor will prescribe a drug treatment. If no disease is found, then such periods for this woman will be the norm.

Thus, the appearance of menstruation is too dark in color or a change in their composition can be, as a variant of the norm, and the presence of any disease. In all cases, the woman should consult a doctor and determine the cause. You should not look for reasons on your own, since many diseases can become chronic, which makes it difficult to further their treatment.

Normal monthly

Highlighting black is not always an alarming symptom. Women between menstruation often show signs and symptoms of PMS. During the period of ovulation, they are faced with hormonal changes.

The premenstrual cycle is often accompanied by a pulling pain in the lower abdomen. This is a normal physiological phenomenon.

Highlight black in normal menstruation is possible. This is due to the mixing of a small amount of blood with vaginal secretions.

During menstruation, dark bloody blood often changes its character. This is manifested as follows:

  1. Abundant secretion of the endometrium from the uterine cavity occurs. Normally, it lasts from 3 to 7 days. Daily the amount of blood decreases.
  2. There may be mucus in the brown discharge after menstruation. By the beginning of ovulation, they become more fluid.
  3. The discharge during the 2–4th day of menstruation acquires a thicker consistency.
  4. By the end of the month they become viscous and unclear.

During menstruation, red blood cells are exposed to genital tract bacteria. This provokes the folding of elements that paint blood in a darker shade.

When to worry

Often this phenomenon indicates a wrong way of life or the development of pathology. Black menstrual flow can be a sign of the disease in such cases:

  1. Black blood clots appear independently of the menstrual cycle.
  2. Dark blood from the vagina is secreted after or during intercourse.
  3. This symptom is accompanied by fever.
  4. Present daub instead of menstruation.
  5. In women older than 45 years after the absence of menstruation for more than 1 year, black clots stand out from the vagina.

In such cases, it is recommended to seek medical attention.

Sometimes this symptom is observed in women in the first trimester of pregnancy. It does not indicate the development of pathology, but in some cases, dark vaginal blood is an alarming sign, indicating a violation of the menstrual cycle. The phenomenon is often accompanied by an inflammatory process in the pelvis, which affects the uterine cavity.

As a rule, if this is due to the presence of pathology in the body, the woman will regularly feel discomfort in the lower abdomen. He is pulling character. Also, black vaginal blood, which has a pathological etymology, is accompanied by severe pain when urinating.

Cause of spotting

Black discharge before menstruation (or after them) never occurs without a reason. The main precipitating factors:

  1. Disruption of hormonal balance.
  2. Emotional stress.
  3. Long-term use of antibiotics or oral contraceptives.
  4. Pregnancy.
  5. Pathology of the cervix (erosion).
  6. Endometritis (uterine endometriosis).
  7. Endometrial pathology.
  8. Genital tuberculosis.
  9. Metabolic disorders in the body.
  10. Ectopic pregnancy or miscarriage threat.
  11. Venereal or infectious diseases.
  12. Malignant tumor on the organs of the reproductive system.
  13. Postpartum period.
  14. Inflammation of the ovaries or uterus.
  15. Non-compliance with the rules of healthy eating.
  16. Uterine hyperplasia.
  17. Erosion of the uterine cervix.
  18. Transferred gynecological surgery.

The most common causes of black spotting after menstruation are pregnancy and the postpartum period. In this case, you should not panic, because dark vaginal discharge associated with pregnancy and childbirth is a normal physiological phenomenon.

In the presence of diseases and pathologies that provoked the manifestation of this symptom, you need to undergo a medical examination, after which the doctor will begin appropriate treatment. If it results from an inflammatory process in the urogenital system, the woman will experience fever and pulling discomfort in the lower abdomen.

Hormonal failure as a factor causing darkening of the vaginal endometrium, can be caused by physiological changes in adolescent bodies, menopause, or diseases of the endocrine system.

If a woman regularly breaks the menstrual cycle, and there are dark clots in the blood, you should not postpone the gynecological examination. Timely treatment of the disease that provoked such a discharge will help prevent the occurrence of complications.

2 Physiological norms

Vaginal discharge mixed with blood has a brown color. Menstrual in the absence of pathologies can be described as liquid, abundant, dark red.

For the treatment and prevention of problems with the menstrual cycle (amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, menorrhagia, Opsomenorrhea, etc.) and vaginal dysbacteriosis, our readers successfully use the simple advice of the chief gynecologist Leyla Adamova. Having carefully studied this method, we decided to offer it to your attention.

In some cases, discharge in the middle of the cycle from the vagina may be the norm:

  1. During the establishment of the menstrual cycle, girls can be chaotic, irregular, changing color shades, with an admixture of lumps and a large amount of mucus.
  2. On the eve of menstruation. Typically, such secretions do not cause concern because they correspond to the beginning of the cycle.
  3. After menstruation. Typically, such discharge does not cause concern and indicate that the cleansing of the uterus is coming to an end.
  4. Ovulation period. Occasionally, there may be evidence of the release of an egg from the ovary, or of its transition to the endometrium during fertilization. If, however, the discharge began in the middle of the cycle, you should see a doctor.
  5. Consequences of hormonal drugs for contraception or during therapeutic interventions. Depending on the abundance and duration of such discharge, you should consult a doctor.
  6. Hormonal restructuring of the body during menopause. Acceptable scarce. With an increase in their intensity and volume, diagnostic measures should be taken.
  7. After removal of the intrauterine device. The period after the removal of intrauterine contraceptives is particularly difficult in a woman's life; you should carefully consider all the symptoms supplied by the body.
  8. The postoperative period. After serious operations performed on the abdominal organs, vaginal secretions with various shades may appear. In each individual case, additional counseling and testing is required.

3 Pathological processes

Pathology does not keep itself waiting long in most cases. Women's diseases can develop gradually and sometimes asymptomatically. Many women persistently ignore the various symptoms, when there is still a chance to help the body cope with the disease without surgical interventions.

All the criticality of the situation is manifested even when the late consultation simply states the fact of the flow of irreversible processes. Uterine endometrial tissues can asymptomatically and rapidly grow into the abdominal cavity, manifesting tumor pathologies. A common disease, called cervical erosion, can occur spontaneously and painlessly for several reasons, sometimes even diametrically opposed.

So, let us dwell in detail on the most common pathological conditions that can cause thick brown discharge in women at different periods of life.

The threat of fetal embryo disruption. The first sign of the pathological development of the fetus with the risk of absolute abortions are with blood and lumps. With timely treatment to the doctor can prevent miscarriage.

Ectopic pregnancy. Quite a common pathology of women of any age. In cases where a fertilized egg attaches to the walls of organs or the abdominal cavity, without entering the uterus, heavy bleeding or scanty brown discharge may occur, accompanied by severe cutting pain syndromes.

Cervical erosion. This disease is usually asymptomatic, only after intercourse can there be slight bleeding. Under running conditions, the secretions become brown in color and become more intense and plentiful.

Injuries to the uterus and internal genitals. Injury may be different, for example, after intercourse with an insufficient amount of lubricant, as well as bruises and ruptures of large vessels of internal organs.

Inflammation of the bladder.

In inflammatory diseases of the urinary organs possible bleeding through the urethra, accompanied by pain and burning, depending on the stage of inflammation.

Uterine fibroids. Myoma, which is capable of proliferation, can exert strong pressure on the internal female organs, the walls of which, when inflamed, may bleed due to ruptures of small vessels and tissues.

Tumor processes at any stage can lead to scanty discharge and heavy bleeding from the uterus.

Inflammatory diseases caused by fungal infection, staphylococci, streptococci, Escherichia coli, salmonella, can cause prolonged discharge with different shades and smells.

Sexually transmitted diseases. The neglected conditions of gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia, and ureaplasmosis, in addition to all sorts of discomfort and pain, are accompanied by copious, offensive, color-changing secretions.

A huge range of diseases, represented by symptoms of uncharacteristic discharge from the vagina, gives grounds for reflection on the correct diagnosis even to the most experienced gynecologist.

4 Treatment procedures

Getting rid of uncharacteristic vaginal discharge should predetermine a whole range of medical procedures and drugs. Depending on the disease that provoked the discharge, the doctor prescribes treatment.

It is worth paying special attention to the high effect of the use of vaginal suppository suppositories, which relieve inflammatory processes in a matter of days, as well as at home douching procedures. In the inflammatory processes of the female genital organs, it is strictly forbidden to warm the pelvic area, uncontrolled administration of drugs that are not agreed with the attending physician.

Лечение с применением лекарственных трав и фитопрепаратов тоже стоит согласовывать с гинекологом, так как большинство растений оказывают абортивное воздействие и способствуют накапливанию в организме женщины, что может негативно сказаться при планировании беременности в будущем.

Некоторые женщины настолько стремятся к чистоте своего тела, что воспринимают влагалищные выделения как нечто неестественное и загрязняющее их тело и белье. Many people try by any means to get rid of secretions not entirely appropriate means. Thus, the microflora of the mucous membranes of the vagina, alkaline balance. This can lead to a number of diseases of the organs of the female reproductive system. For example, cause erosion of the cervix, thrush, dysbiosis, even more abundant discharge, disruption of the vaginal secretion glands.

Cosmetic companies for the production of personal hygiene products do not always take into account and certify the products manufactured. Therefore, to make purchases and use some types of funds may be hazardous to health. Prolonged use of cotton swabs, sanitary pads with the addition of various flavoring agents can provoke diseases that can cause a number of complications and even trigger the mechanisms of tumor processes.

And a little about the secrets.

Have you ever suffered from problems with Menstrual cycle ? Judging by the fact that you are reading this article - the victory was not on your side. And of course you do not know firsthand what it is:

  • heavy or scanty clots
  • chest and lower back pain
  • pain while having sex
  • unpleasant smell
  • urination discomfort

And now answer the question: does it suit you? Is it possible to endure problems? And how much money have you already “leaked” to ineffective treatment? That's right - it's time to stop with this! Do you agree? That is why we decided to publish an interview with the chief gynecologist of Russia Leyla Adamova, in which she revealed the simple secret of normalizing the menstrual cycle.

The normal menstrual cycle is an indicator of the health of every woman of reproductive age. Any irregularities should be cause for concern and a visit to the doctor. Black discharge instead of menstruation may appear on the background of inflammatory diseases, hormonal imbalance, pathological pregnancy.

On the first day of the beginning of the menstruation, dark, spotting is considered the norm and should not cause concern. On the second day, the blood becomes red and is more abundant. In girls, after the onset of menarche, black discharge can be observed until the menstrual cycle is normalized (up to 15–16 years).

In the period of menopause, a woman's hormonal changes take place in the woman's body, the regulators may not occur for several months, then there is a heavy or scanty discharge of black, dark brown color.

  • stressful situation,
  • taking oral contraceptives, hormonal drugs,
  • violation of the usual way of life, unbalanced diet,
  • postpartum period
  • ectopic pregnancy,
  • risk of miscarriage,
  • metabolic disease,
  • inflammatory diseases of the ovaries, uterus,
  • cancers of the reproductive organs,
  • cervical erosion,
  • infectious, sexually transmitted diseases,
  • recent gynecological surgery,
  • the effects of mounting the helix
  • endometrial hyperplasia of the uterus,
  • genital tuberculosis.

The causes of black discharge during menstruation, a large number, but to establish the correct diagnosis can only be a gynecologist after the examination. If the pathology is caused by inflammatory diseases, then there are additional symptoms: pain in the lower abdomen, increased body temperature.

The most common cause is hormonal disruption caused by menopause, adolescent changes, and diseases of the endocrine system. At the beginning of menstruation or between the regulations, black discharge appears, most often they are scarce with clots. The menstrual cycle is broken, critical days may not occur for several months or, on the contrary, go too often.

Pregnancy complications

When an ovum is fertilized and attached to the wall of the uterus, small fragments of the mucous membrane can be rejected, which leads to the appearance of scanty dark secretions of dark brown, brown, red or black color. A woman may have minor cramps in the lower abdomen, but there is no threat to the fetus. Most often, this symptom occurs during the period when the next menstruation should begin. But if the selection of bright color and fairly abundant - this is a sign of pathology, an urgent need to consult a doctor.

Ectopic pregnancy may be accompanied by black secretions. A fertilized egg does not enter the uterus, but is attached to the walls of the fallopian tubes, ovaries, or enters the abdominal cavity. Women complain of intense pain in the groin area, which can be delivered to the rectum, lower back.

If a pipe ruptures, the pain syndrome increases significantly, uterine discharge becomes abundant. In case of internal bleeding, vomiting appears, blood pressure decreases, the patient loses consciousness. In such cases, the woman should be urgently taken to the hospital.

With the threat of miscarriage, there is at first a scanty bloody discharge of a dark color with clots, and there may be no pain or discomfort aching. Gradually, bleeding increases, there are cramping attacks. When the first signs of spontaneous abortion appear, the pregnancy can be saved if you seek medical help in time.

Black discharge in women can begin with detachment of a normally located placenta. First, internal bleeding develops, then dark bloody clots are secreted from the vagina. This is quite a serious complication, you can only stop the bleeding surgically.

Cervical erosion

Erosion is called ulceration of the mucous membrane of the cervix. The affected tissues are easily damaged, so after an examination at the gynecologist, sexual intercourse may appear brown or black discharge. The reason may be the accession of infection, accompanied by inflammation. In such cases, a dark secreted secret appears a few days before the start of menstruation and has an unpleasant smell.

After the treatment of cervical erosion by the method of laser therapy, black secretions are considered normal, gradually they acquire a light yellow shade and disappear as the epithelium heals. The rehabilitation period can last 1 month.

If erosion is present in a pregnant woman, then the bloody secret of black color appears when the uterus is enlarged, the ulcerated epithelium stretches and begins to bleed. Treatment of pathology is postponed for the postpartum period, but during pregnancy the woman should be under constant medical supervision.

Late treatment of cervical erosion can lead to the development of inflammation, infection of tissues and the formation of a malignant tumor.

Endometrial hyperplasia

The thickening of the endometrium lining the uterus is called hyperplasia. This benign growth can occur in women of any age, but is most often diagnosed in adolescents or in menopause.

The main symptom is a violation of the menstrual cycle, menstruation begins with a delay or earlier than expected. Partitions are formed in the uterus, which retain the blood, it coagulates, forming dark clots. The discharge is moderate, spotting, brown or black, less frequent with heavy bleeding. The disease requires treatment by a gynecologist, it is carried out by curettage of the uterus and the appointment of hormonal therapy. Excessive hyperplasia can cause infertility.

Discharge with endometriosis

Endometriosis is also characterized by the proliferation of the endometrium of the uterus, which develops against the background of hormonal disorders. Monthly become more abundant, become brown or black in color. In the period between menstruations spotting may appear, they usually last 2–3 days.

Monthly accompanied by severe pain in the lower abdomen, lower back, uncomfortable sensations occur for several days before the onset of bleeding and persist until the last critical day. Women suffering from endometriosis cannot conceive a child.

Oncological diseases

A common cancer of the pelvic organs in women is cervical cancer. In the initial stages of serious violations does not occur and the disease for a long time may not be detected. The main symptoms are intermenstrual bleeding after intercourse and violation of the cycle.

The discharge is scanty, black, may be a greenish tint, there is an unpleasant smell. Pain syndrome and involvement of adjacent organs in the pathological process occurs as the disease progresses and metastases appear.

If instead of menstruation in women, black spotting appears, it is necessary to consult a doctor to determine the cause of the pathology and the purpose of treatment. Timely therapy reduces the risk of severe complications. Regular examination by a gynecologist is the main measure for the prevention of menstrual disorders.

We recommend related articles

Concern about the appearance of brown discharge is traditionally considered one of the most common problems with which women refer to a gynecologist. Such secretions can appear in different periods of life, be light, watery or dark, abundant or scarce. However, almost always the brown discharge causes anxiety and a desire to find out the cause of their occurrence.

Discharges in women in one form or another are always, as this is the normal and natural secret of the vagina. Anxiety should not be caused by the very presence of discharge, but by their unnatural color, consistency, smell.

One of the reasons for the appearance of brown discharge is the failure of hygiene rules, which often leads to a change in the acidic environment of the vagina. Therefore, with the appearance of discharge of unnatural color, first of all, it is worth reviewing the schedule of personal hygiene procedures, making them more frequent and intense. It is very likely that after about a week the discharge will stop, and you can breathe easy. However, do not forget to continue to pay more attention to the care of your body.

Hormonal background

Brown discharge before menstruation most often occurs due to disruption of the normal hormonal background for one reason or another. Moreover, sometimes with drastic changes in the hormonal sphere, instead of menstruation, there may be a slight brown discharge for some time. The reason for this may be, for example, a very popular method of hormonal contraception today. Therefore, in the first month after the start of taking such contraceptives, some irregularities in the menstrual cycle may occur, and instead of menstruation, brown discharge will occur.

However, if this situation persists in the future, then you need to contact a specialist who may advise you to change contraceptives or determine that there is an inflammation center in the body.

Relationship with monthly

Brown discharge after menstruation is considered quite harmless residual phenomenon. The only advice is to use panty liners and carefully follow personal hygiene rules. In addition, remember that the brown discharge in women after menstruation should not have an unpleasant smell. Otherwise, it makes sense to consult a gynecologist. As for brown secretions that are observed in the middle of the cycle, if they are barely noticeable, last no more than 2 days, have a smearing character and do not resemble menstrual bleeding at all, then most likely their occurrence is associated with ovulation and should not cause concern.

Ectopic pregnancy

One of the most undesirable situations, the consequence of which can be brown discharge - ectopic pregnancy. In this case, the discharge usually has a dark shade, accompanied by an unpleasant smell and sharp pain. We must immediately say that any pain in the lower abdomen and in the ovaries is a reason to immediately consult a doctor, especially if you suspect pregnancy.

Diseases

Often, when a woman turns to a specialist to find out why there is a brown discharge, it turns out that she develops a particular disease that requires treatment. Especially often this situation happens when blood is clearly visible in the brown secretions. Such a phenomenon may be a consequence of endometriosis or endometritis (inflammation of the cervix or uterus), and since an egg is attached to the endometrium during normal pregnancy, its inflammation cannot but affect the course of a future or already existing pregnancy.

The influence of age factor

The female body begins its sexual development at the age of 11-13 years. During the year (sometimes more), a number of complex and new for it processes and hormonal changes occur in it. Therefore, scanty dark discharge from girls at the very beginning of becoming women is considered an indicator, even if they appear irregularly.

The reason for the alarm may be a prolonged similar phenomenon, when the cycle, structure and color of the secretions remain uncharacteristic for over two years. The poor state of health of a teenager with hypomenorrhea also cannot be ignored, the gynecologist’s consultation here is extremely necessary.

Brown menstruation and in women before menopause are not considered a pathology. During this period, a new wave of hormonal changes takes place, and the reproductive function gradually fades away. If the discharge becomes darker and more scarce - you should not worry.

But when, after a long absence of menstruation (more than two years), the laundry again stains brown spots, this is an alarming signal. Many ladies, believing that their body has already fulfilled its feminine purpose, are beginning to pay less attention to it. This is fundamentally wrong, because it is in adulthood that the most dangerous develop.

The menstrual cycle greatly simplifies monitoring the health of a woman, without him the only way to detect the disease in time is regular gynecological examinations. Do not think that in the absence of menstruation due to age, there is no longer need to attend antenatal clinic.

Sex life and brown discharge

Why, with complaints of poor brown discharge instead of menstrual blood, is the doctor primarily interested in having a sexual partner and sex life in general? Certainly not out of idle curiosity. The brown secret during the menstrual period may indicate:

  • The presence of pregnancy (including ectopic). A scanty brown discharge at an early stage of pregnancy may appear while the fetus is attached to the wall of the uterus. In medicine, this phenomenon is called "bleeding implantation." When ectopic - they are caused by improper attachment of the embryo and deformation of the fallopian tube.
  • The threat of miscarriage (even if pregnancy has not yet been diagnosed). In this situation, there is almost always a dark scanty discharge.
  • STDs ().

Obviously, in the absence of sexual intercourse, these factors are excluded, and the doctor is looking for another reason for atypical discharge. The physician must be firmly convinced that there is no ectopic pregnancy, which can threaten not only health, but also the life of his patient.

Also, with the prolonged absence of sexual activity, many women are disturbed by certain processes in the body, which leads to hormonal disruption. Brown menstruation in this case are not uncommon, and the patient needs an obligatory correction of the hormonal background.

When the cause of the disease

Violations of the structure and color of menstrual flow often occur on the background of inflammatory and affecting the organs of the small pelvis. Such pathologies are always reflected both on the mucous membrane of the uterus, vagina and appendages, and on the secreted secretion. For diseases that can affect the nature of the monthly discharge, include:

  • Inflammatory: endometritis, cervicitis, adnexitis, etc.
  • Infectious: gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, syphilis, etc.
  • Hormone-dependent: polycystic ovary, endometriosis, uterine myoma, etc.
  • Tumors of a different nature.

Each group of diseases is characterized by a number of associated symptoms, however, most of them lead to menstrual irregularities and changes in the color of the monthly discharge.

It is necessary to seek medical help if you have cramps in urination, in the perineum, pain in the back and lower abdomen, pain during sexual intercourse.

Contraceptive use

Hormonal contraceptives are also considered a common cause of brown menses. Their action is aimed at inhibiting the function of the ovaries and preventing the maturation of the egg, thanks to him, conception does not occur. Of course, such a rough interference from the outside does not pass for the female body without a trace.

Many women after prolonged use of such drugs note that menstruation becomes scarce and fleeting (not more than three days), and the discharge itself is dark brown. The fact is that the blood is released much less, it is diluted with mucus, so the discharge becomes thicker and acquire a dark atypical color.

Женщинам, использующим оральные либо экстренные контрацептивы следует посещать гинеколога трижды в год и в срочном порядке, если:

  • Выделения стали слишком продолжительными или напротив, кратковременными
  • Brown smearing is observed daily for a month or more.
  • Feel, especially during or after sex
  • There are marked side effects from taking the drug.

An experienced doctor should select the drug, it is not recommended to use such remedies at random, because to restore the metabolism and the lost function of the ovaries will not be easy.

However, this does not mean that hormonal contraception should be abandoned. If you use these drugs strictly as prescribed by a doctor, they can bring a lot of benefits: they will help to restore the disturbed hormones and the menstrual cycle.

During lactation, after childbirth or surgery

After childbirth in the female body new changes occur: hormonal levels gradually return to normal. Someone takes only a couple of months, some for about a year. The duration of this period depends on lactation, many nursing mothers see rare scanty brown discharge from time to time while feeding the baby.

It should also be noted that the cycle does not immediately become regular, and this is quite natural. Normally, after childbirth, it is restored within six months in the absence of lactation, or as much after its termination. If mommy does not feel any discomfort, pain and general weakness - there is nothing to worry about.

Surgical interventions are considered a common cause of cycle displacement and "brown" bleeding: abortions, and polyps, fibroids. After such damage, the lining of the uterus takes time to recover. Only upon arrival to the norm, it will develop a characteristic secret, until then the selection may be irregular, scarce or abundant, with an atypical structure and color.

The duration of the recovery period depends on the depth of damage, on how well the operation went and on the general condition of the body (, regenerative abilities). After what time the monthly should be normalized after the operation is determined by the doctor, the patient must fulfill all his appointments and recommendations.

Throughout life, the female body undergoes many trials: pregnancy, childbirth, colds, abortions, infections, etc. For numerous restoration he needs a lot of strength, and often timely assistance. Brown mucus instead of menstrual blood is not in all cases a pathology, but caring for women's health is always a necessity, at any age and condition.

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Apr 7, 2017 Violetta Lekar

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