Vaginal discharge is present in women on any day of the menstrual cycle. At the same time several times change their texture, color. Immediately after the end of the month they are white or transparent, scarce. In the middle of the cycle, they resemble protein - transparent, viscous, viscous. After ovulation, they are thick, creamy, more pronounced than in the first part of the menstrual cycle. There is no smell. So they remain until the onset of regular menstruation. A typical picture of changes in vaginal discharge during the entire menstrual cycle.
However, the female body is an extremely complex system, the functioning of which is influenced by many factors. Under their influence, there is a change in vaginal discharge. Some of them are considered normal due to certain circumstances, others indicate pathological processes in the female body or diseases. What should I look for? What does the discharge before menstruation in women of unusual color mean?
Brown discharge before menstruation
Brown on the eve of menstruation may be normal or indicate a disease.
Brown discharge before the month within the norm
In the process of menstruation, the uterus is cleared of the endometrial layer that is not useful. For his rejection makes the contractile movement of the muscles. Endometrium, along with particles of blood, may be unevenly rejected. Under the influence of vaginal mucus and oxygen, the blood quickly coagulates even before it leaves the genitals. Underwear appears discharge brown. It is considered quite normal and notifies of the imminent onset of menstruation. Monthly bleeding can end with the same discharge. There is no itching.
In addition, the cause of brown secretions in women can be hormonal drugs and the establishment of the intrauterine device. Within 3 months, the body learns to function according to other rules. Hence some malfunctions. Rough passionate sex on the eve of menstruation also provokes brown vaginal discharge. These situations do not require treatment; they pass on their own without threatening the woman’s health.
Brownish discharge before the monthly pathological nature
The appearance of vaginal discharge in women of brown color, which are accompanied by unpleasant sensations, pain, deterioration of well-being indicate the presence of gynecological diseases.
- Cervical erosion,
- Endometrial polyps,
- Uterine fibroids.
Any disease listed above is accompanied by pain in the lower back, in the lower abdomen, a violation of the monthly cycle. Independently diagnose the disease will not work. You should immediately seek help from a doctor.
Black discharge before menstruation
The normal appearance of vaginal discharge in black cannot be considered. Black color, unequivocally, notifies of the presence of diseases and may indicate one of:
- Inflammation of the uterus, ovaries. Often the presence of the inflammatory process in the genitals in the first stage is indicated by the black color of the vaginal secretions, the rest of the symptoms may be absent. After some time, there is pain in the lower abdomen, the temperature rises.
- Disease infections Ppp. Discharge with an unpleasant odor, itching, pain when urinating, all other signs peculiar to this category of diseases.
- Polyps, cyst. The disease at the initial stage of development is asymptomatic. And before the menstruation appear vaginal discharge in black. The monthly cycle is violated, scanty discharge alternates with heavy bleeding. When urinating, having sex, there is pain.
- Uterine cancer. Often, the black color of vaginal secretions indicates the presence of a cancerous tumor. In addition to the violation of the monthly cycle, additional symptoms at the initial stage of the disease are absent. There is no itching either.
With the appearance of black discharge before menstruation, you should definitely visit a gynecologist.
Pink discharge before menstruation
Pink color of discharge before menstruation in women may be within the norm, and may indicate diseases of the reproductive system. Often the pink color appears due to the presence of a few drops of blood in the process of preparing the uterus for menstruation. There is nothing terrible in this; on the contrary, a woman can stock up on gaskets and critical days will not make her unawares. Discharge from the vagina pink before menstruation appear on the background of hormonal contraceptives and when installing the intrauterine device for 3 months. Also, pink discharge occurs during pregnancy, of course, menstruation in the expected time does not come.
If a woman feels additional discomfort, pain, discomfort, the appearance of pink vaginal discharge pink color indicates the presence of disease. The discharge is accompanied by the appearance of itching, a peculiar smell.
- Tumor of a malignant character in the uterus.
To clarify the causes of specific discharge before menstruation should consult a doctor. With such ailments itching on the surface of the genitals is not.
White discharge from the vagina before menstruation
As mentioned at the beginning of the article - the presence of white discharge before menstruation is normal. However, if you do not have a stomach ache, there is no discomfort during urination, itching in the vagina, pain while having sex. The amount of discharge within the norm. Otherwise, the cheesy white discharge that appears before menstruation accompanied by a sour smell is evidence of thrush and candidiasis. Without a sour smell, but with the presence of a specific - diabetes mellitus, inflammatory processes in the organs of the reproductive system, cancer of the uterus.
Yellow vaginal discharge before menstruation
Yellow color appears under the influence of oxygen. Initially, linen falls on whites, then they become yellow. For the period on the eve of menstruation is quite normal. If discharge is before critical days without an unpleasant odor, itching is not abundant. The reproductive system, especially the uterus, is preparing for menstruation.
However, a yellow discharge before menstruation may indicate the presence of a gynecological disease:
- Yellow may mean women SPD Diseases. Characterized by the presence of the smell of rotten fish or rotten meat. The whites get a yellow-green hue, foaming. There is an increase in odor in the evening, not eliminated after water washing procedures. The appearance of pain in the lower abdomen, lower back, temperature indicates that the disease is in an active stage of development. Symptom smoothing does not mean that she retreated - turned into a hidden, chronic form.
- Inflammation of the fallopian tubes, the ovaries are accompanied by the appearance of strange specific whiter yellows, the rest of the symptoms of the disease may appear a little later.
- Cervical erosion - A common disease in women of reproductive age. It is treated fairly quickly, but in the absence of therapy leads to complications in the functioning of the reproductive system.
- Vulvovaginitis. The disease is characterized by a violation of the vaginal microflora and inhibition of lactic acid bacteria. Very often develops along with pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract. May be accompanied by itching.
The appearance of specific whites on the eve of menstruation should not be overlooked. It is better to be safe once again than to be treated for a long time. A doctor must visit a woman, even if it seems that the disease has receded, and everything has returned to normal. On the eve of the next menstruation, everything can happen again or with a heightened negative effect.
Norm or pathology?
Brown discharge before menstruation is literally the day before, that is, 1 day before bleeding is considered to be absolutely normal. Since menstrual bleeding occurs as a result of the death of the egg, it must come out together with uterine secretions and this should not be abrupt.
Therefore, at first menstruation, the appearance of brown smears or red-brown discharge is quite normal, but if it lasts more than 1 day or if brown discharges occur instead of menstruation at all, this is a reason for going to the doctor.
When to worry?
Self-diagnosis is not worth it, the most correct decision would be to go to the hospital. And this decision should be immediate if, in addition to the secretions is present:
- pain in the lower abdomen and in the pelvic region,
- unpleasant smell
- painful intercourse,
- menopause came more than a year ago
- irritation, burning, discomfort,
- increased body temperature.
The methods of diagnosis of any violations of the menstrual cycle include:
- Vaginal smear test.
- Ultrasound of the pelvic organs.
- Analyzes on the level of hormones, complete blood count.
- According to indications - diagnostic curettage of the uterus with a further histological examination of endometrial tissue.
- Examination of the cervix, vagina with the help of mirrors, biopsy and colposcopy of the cervix.
- Patient history - the doctor performs a detailed survey of hereditary diseases, past diseases, all questions relating to sexuality and the menstrual cycle of a woman.
Detection of brown discharge before menstruation may indicate pathological processes in the body, a number of serious diseases, for example:
- Endometriosis of the uterus is one of the main causes of dark brown, black discharge a few days before menstruation.
- Endometritis - abnormal discharge may be the result of chronic endometritis, due to inadequate treatment.
- Endometrial polyps - in almost all cases, the disease manifests violations of the menstrual cycle, pain, and there are smearing dark brown discharge in the middle of the cycle and on the eve of menstruation.
- Endometrial hyperplasia - caused by hormonal disruption, after an unsuccessful abortion. The discharge may be brown or bloody (pink-brown).
- Uterine fibroids, benign tumor. At the risk of a woman 25-35 years.
- Sexually transmitted infections: chlamydia, gonorrhea and trichomoniasis.
Hormonal contraception, intrauterine devices, in which there are hormonal drugs - the most harmless reason, because when taking hormones, the female body adapts to changes in hormonal levels.
Endometriosis of the uterus is a serious disease. It is worth considering if dark brown discharge before menstruation is accompanied by:
- Painful sensations in the pelvic region, aggravated before the arrival of menstruation, slightly weakening after them and having a vaguely pronounced character in the period between menstruation,
- Painful sensations, wearing a aching character in the lower abdomen. The intensity of the pain that increases on the day of the onset of menstruation depends on the severity of the disease,
- Endometriosis secretions may have a different shade, which clearly makes it clear that something is wrong with the body. In this case, premenstrual discharge may be brown-brown, brown or even black.
Endometriosis can only be detected by a gynecologist with a vaginal examination, biopsy (tissue sampling), MRI. The treatment takes place with the help of hormonal preparations - Danazol, Gestrion, etc., and the pain sensations are stopped by analgesics. In advanced cases, one cannot do without prompt removal of foci of endometriosis.
One of the reasons is endometritis. What it is? This is an inflammatory disease of the uterine lining. As a rule, with such a diagnosis, brown daub is accompanied by an unpleasant smell and aching pains in the lower abdomen.
This disease must be treated, because it can become chronic, and then the woman will not be able to carry her baby normally, she will have permanent miscarriages at different times. Because of this disease, the process of attachment of the ovum to the uterus is disrupted.
Excessive growth of the endometrium, that is, a disease of endometrial hyperplasia. In the normal functioning of the reproductive system, the active growth of the endometrium occurs only in the first phase of the menstrual cycle due to the increased quantitative level of extragens. In the second phase, the ovaries begin to produce progosterone, which, as a rule, suspends and controls the growth of endometrial cells.
Consequently, endometrial hyperplasia in women develops when hormone imbalance is present - a lack of progesterone and an excess of estrogens.
Infectious and inflammatory processes
First of all, these are sexually transmitted infections: chlamydia, gonorrhea and trichomoniasis. The main signs of the disease are light brown discharge after menstruation, itching and unpleasant smell.
Such symptoms are possible with inflammatory diseases. In this case, therapy with antibiotics and fortifying drugs is indicated. Depending on the severity of the process, the treatment will be outpatient or inpatient.
Uterine myoma (also known as leiomyoma and fibromyoma) is called a benign tumor of non-oncological nature that develops in the walls of the uterus or its cervix. Dimensions can be millimeter, and can, and grow to a few centimeters.
The development of fibroids occurs against the background of hormonal disorders, this is considered to be the primary cause of this uterine disease. Most often, fibroids are formed in young women, successfully resolving to reach menopausal age, by this time the level of estrogen begins to decrease.
Polyps are benign neoplasms that can occur on the cervix or in the reproductive organ itself. The main reason for their appearance is hormonal imbalance.
- spotting in the middle of the cycle, at the end of menstruation.
- pain in lower abdomen.
- pain during intercourse.
- discharge after sexual contact.
Various inflammatory processes in the ovaries, the uterus, multiple abortions or improper conduction, cesarean section, and surgical interventions can provoke the development of polyps.
Brown secretions can cause the use of hormonal contraception. This reason is the most innocuous, because in this way the female body adapts to the fact that when taking oral contraceptives there is a change in hormonal levels.
In addition, daubs can be encountered when using intrauterine devices, which contain hormones, and prolonged progestogen contraceptives.
Dark brown discharge before menstruation.
Dark brown leucorrhoea, which is not physiological, indicates the presence of coagulated blood. The source of blood may be the vaginal mucosa, uterine cervix or organ cavity.
The presence of dark secretions is still more characteristic of diseases such as endometriosis, inflammation and uterine fibroids, hyperplastic processes of the endometrial mucosa, ovarian cysts, benign and malignant tumors.
Brown discharge instead of menstruation
It should be alerted even if by the time of the onset of menstruation there are few brown vaginal discharge, and not monthly. They, as a rule, have a smearing character, while the woman has a stomachache.
Such dark brown discharge instead of menstruation may be a consequence of the inflammatory process that began, for example, after a recent birth or artificial termination of pregnancy. Another no less serious reason for them is problems that have arisen in early pregnancy. Can cause such lurid discharge of excitement, acclimatization, hormonal disruptions.
How to treat brown discharge?
Before prescribing any treatment to a woman, a doctor must determine the cause of brown discharge before menstruation. If they are a symptom of a pathological proliferation of the mucous membrane of the uterus, then the woman is usually prescribed certain drugs to normalize the hormonal background.
Drug treatment is selected only by the gynecologist individually and individually for each patient, depending on the extent of the pathological process, the disease's neglect, the history of labor activity, the age of the woman, and other factors.
What does brown discharge mean before menstruation?
If there is a spotting brown discharge, they are based on blood, but not fresh, which has a scarlet or dark cherry color, but coagulated. What does this indicate?
First of all, the fact that some kind of physiological or pathological process takes place inside the genital organs, which is accompanied by minor bleeding. The blood that leaves the vascular bed in this case, has time to succumb to the processes of decomposition and comes out already in a modified form.
Возможно, наиболее распространенным объяснением для определения пятен до периода является нерегулярный цикл, означающий тот, в котором сложная координация гормонального баланса слегка искажена. These disorders are relatively common and usually lead to the inability of ovulation or the release of a mature egg from the ovary. When an egg is not released, the menstrual hormones temporarily lose their balance, which often leads to the appearance of spots before normal vaginal bleeding begins during the period.
Irregular cycles in which ovulation does not occur often occur early and late in childhood, but they can also occur due to stress, illness, extreme diets, and other temporary situations. Birth Control Some types of birth control usually lead to detection and irregular bleeding. It is often found in women using a copper intrauterine device and hormonal birth control, which includes only progesterone hormone without estrogen, including so-called mini-pills, depots, and an implant for birth control. Less often, combined birth control, containing both estrogen-like and progesterone hormones, including pills, vaginal rings and blemishes, can also sometimes cause pre-period spotting. Irregular bleeding and spotting is usually most likely during the first 3 months of use. A stain is also more likely if tablets are not taken at the same time daily, or doses are missed or not taken as prescribed. Injury and infection Opening the uterus in the upper part of the vagina or cervix may result in minor bleeding when touched or manipulated. Some women are more prone to this than others. Slight damage to the cervix caused by the same harmless actions as aggressive sexual intercourse or pap test can cause a brown or bleeding discharge immediately on the same day or a few days after the incident. For example, genital infections caused by sexually transmitted infections, such as chlamydia and gonorrhea or bacterial vaginosis, can also cause unexpected bleeding that can occur at any time during the menstrual cycle. Ovulation and pregnancy. For some women, a small amount of bleeding occurs simultaneously with ovulation, which occurs about halfway through a regular menstrual cycle. This may be accompanied by a middle, one-sided pain, accompanied by spotting. In the early stages of pregnancy, about a week after ovulation, the fertilized egg is poured into the wall of the uterus. This process can lead to bleeding implantation, which appears as a vaginal spot. Although bright red blood is more commonly associated with this event, it is possible that a brown vaginal discharge can be a very early indicator of pregnancy. Other bleeding from a woman’s reproductive tract, such as bleeding from the lower intestine or hemorrhoids, can be mistaken for a premenstrual spot. Uterus, cervical or ovarian cancer, fibroids, uterus and endometriosis of the uterus - when the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus - other possible causes of spotting and irregular bleeding. Circulatory disorders and endocrine conditions, such as polycystic ovary syndrome or thyroid disease, may also be responsible. In addition, as women approach menopause, periods become more severe and frequent, which may explain atypical bleeding. Warnings and Next Steps Overall, isolated spotting does not indicate direct health concerns. However, if frequent blemishes are accompanied by pain or other symptoms, or continue more than 3 months after the start of the birth control regime, it is important to consult a doctor to rule out a more serious problem. Almost every adult woman has the problem of defining, at some point or the other, her life.
The basis of the change in the color of the blood is the process of the transformation of the erythrocyte hemoglobin, from which bilirubin, biliverdin and other pigment substances are formed. They provide the red color change of blood to light brown, and then its dark shade and even black.
But, as you know, bleeding from the genital tract of a woman is not always a pathology, because menstruation is a natural process.
Spotting can be described as a few drops of blood that are transmitted from the vagina. Most cases of vaginal blemish are not detected, since the blood is so small that it does not even reach underwear. Women only notice traces of blood when they use toilet paper at the site, after urinating. Vaginal spotting can manifest itself in different forms: blood can look like mucus with a tinge of pink, bright red or even a rusty brown spot. For some women, spotting is a one-time occurrence, while others may experience this problem for many days on a stretch.
If you notice a brown, odorless discharge, then the reasons may be completely harmless:
- Hormonal contraceptives . Isolation of brown in the premenstrual period is considered normal if a woman uses oral contraceptive pills or an intrauterine device for contraception. Thus, the body adapts to changes in hormonal levels. It is important to know that the lower the estrogen content of the drug, the greater the chance of such a sign. You also need to remember that the norm such discharge is considered for 3 months from the start of medical contraception, if they last longer, then it most likely means that this drug is not suitable for a woman and needs to be replaced.
- Premenstrual discharge . For some representatives of the weaker sex, menstruation does not begin with bleeding, but with a heavy, scarce brownish discharge a couple of hours before the bleeding. This is considered normal. Especially to such a flow of menstruation are women who are prone to stressful situations, weight fluctuations, which leads to a slight hormonal imbalance. As a rule, when eliminating negative factors, everything comes back to normal.
- Formation of the menstrual cycle . The first few years from the onset of menstruation in girls is the formation of the female cycle. During this period, the appearance of such whiter is possible, but they are considered the norm.
- Signs of Menopause Approaching . If a woman of 45-50 years of age appears to have a brown discharge, then perhaps they are harbingers of menopause. But at this age, each case should not be overlooked by the gynecologist, since there is a high chance of developing cancer pathology.
Causes of discharge
Despite the fact that brownish discharge before a cyclical release of blood most often is the norm, it is necessary to rule out their pathological causes first of all, especially in the case when other additional symptoms are also present, for example, pain, itching, burning, cycle disturbance, sterility .
In fact, there are many women who regularly face detection every month on a regular basis. They often consider premenstrual spotting as an indication of their periods. However, it is important to understand that the definition of spots should not be considered as the first day of the period, since the menstrual cycle begins only on the day the actual bleeding begins.
Is the stain to period normal
There are several reasons that can cause a woman to observe periods. Although some of these factors are completely normal and do not cause concern, other cases prior to the menstrual cycle may indicate a problem. Therefore, in normal women, a single appearance of spots may be a common occurrence caused by factors such as hormonal imbalance, the process of ovulation and birth control pills. If a woman sees a few spots a week before the start of the menstrual cycle, it may be a case of bleeding or a stain of implantation.
Main pathological causes:
- hyperplastic processes of the uterine lining,
- cystic masses of the ovary,
- uterine wall,
- inflammation of the uterine lining,
- ectopic pregnancy
- sexually transmitted infections
- genital trauma,
- benign tumors, such as uterine cervical polyps, uterine mucosa,
- malignant neoplasms.
Discharges that are a sign of pregnancy
However, in some cases, detection before the period can also be caused by serious conditions such as uterine fibroids or polyps, ovarian cysts and, in the worst case, cancer in the ovaries or the cervix. These conditions are rare, but they still require medical treatment as early as possible. Therefore, it is best to have cases of premenstrual blotch checked by a doctor at least once to rule out the possibility of such conditions. This should also be done if the stain is brown.
Light brown discharge
Light pink-brown discharge, which does not fit into the criteria of the norm, most often indicate an infection transmitted through sexual contact, microtrauma to the cervix, vaginal walls. But they can also have the same reasons as the dark discharge, the difference is only in the amount of blood, which in the second case is slightly larger.
What is a brown spot before the period?
Like regular premenstrual blotch, there may be several factors that lead to the brown spot period before the period. While some of these factors are completely safe and do not require any concern, others can be a sign of a serious health complication, which should be treated as early as possible. Each month, the lining of the uterus is filled with blood when it accumulates, when preparing a fertilized egg. If the fertilized egg does not fill the uterus during a given month, then the hormone levels in the female body fall, which sheds the lining of the uterus.
The following situations require urgent medical visits:
- when brown discharge with smell or impurities,
- accompanied by pain, itching, burning,
- become very abundant
- accompanied by other pathological symptoms.
To protect themselves and not to miss the pathology, each woman should regularly visit the gynecologist (1 time in six months or a year), especially if she has brown discharge before menstrual bleeding.
This leads to red or pink blotch in mandatory cases. However, from time to time a woman could see a brown spot before the onset of the period, which means that old blood comes out of the uterus. In the event that the brown spotted spot does not soon pass after some time, it is best to schedule an appointment with the doctor as soon as possible. This is due to the fact that brown spotting may also indicate a disease or injury. The same course of action is needed if a woman notices the entire brown period.
Is light bleeding or spotting between periods normal?
There are many women who believe that they have irregular bleeding problems, because they notice a few drops or even a light blood flow, about ten or twelve days, before their time limit. This is more like mid-cycle bleeding, there is an approximate gap of two weeks between the last period and the next period. This is usually referred to as ovulation, which is absolutely normal. In fact, spotting during ovulation is actually seen as a good sign of fertility in women.
The presence of discharge from the genital tract of a woman is normal. They may have different intensity and color depending on the phase of the menstrual cycle, but must meet two criteria: no unpleasant odor and discomfort in the genital tract.
The menstrual cycle begins from the beginning of the menstrual period (this is the first phase - follicular). The first day bleeding is not so abundant and has a dark color, the peak of their intensity falls on the second or third day, when the bleeding increases noticeably and becomes bright in color, including blood clots and mucus. During the following days, the discharge gradually fades away, turning into a dark daub. And on the fifth or seventh day they end at all. The subsequent week of the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle may be marked insignificant.
The main cause of bleeding during ovulation is an increase in the levels of estrogen in the body, which causes the uterus to shed a little of their lining, which leads to detection between periods. However, if a woman experiences moderate or severe bleeding between periods, this can also be a sign of one of the many types of dysfunctional uterine bleeding. It is important that this condition be checked by a doctor as soon as possible.
What is implant bleeding
The period of ovulation is the middle of the cycle and occurs within two weeks from the start of menstruation. During this period, the ripe egg leaves the ovary and moves through the fallopian tubes into the uterine cavity. This period is characterized by abundant transparent mucous discharge. It is also connected with the fact that the time of ovulation is the most favorable period for conception, and nature is doing everything possible to make it happen. Enhanced vaginal hydration during this period is one of these manifestations.
In the middle of the cycle, some of the fair sex note the short-term appearance of pink or light brown discharge. Any shade of brown in the secretions, including these, indicates the presence of blood in them. During ovulation, this is a sign of hemorrhage during a follicle rupture and is considered a variant of the norm.
The next period of the cycle - the luteal phase, lasts the next two weeks, until the beginning of a new bleeding. At this time, the discharge becomes milky white, but still remains rare. The closer to the onset of menstruation, the thicker they become, assuming a pasty consistency, may become yellowish.
All this processes take place in the body of a healthy woman. If white or mucous discharge is regarded as normal in most cases, then dark or brown discharge of any hue, outside menstruation, can definitely be considered pathological. Their presence is allowed in a limited number of cases.
The presence of brown secretions is allowed for:
- start taking contraceptive drugs. The first two or three months from the start of the use of hormonal pills allowed the appearance of such discharge.
- the onset of menstruation. Brown smearing discharge is considered normal if it appears 24-6 hours before the onset of bleeding.
- completion of menstruation. The last days of menstruation take place against the background of dark brown secretions, which indicates its completion, so that blood is removed from the body. But not for a long time - a long dark daub is also a bad sign.
- first sexual intercourse. The onset of sexual activity may be accompanied by the appearance of brown discharge. This is a consequence of the violation of the integrity of the hymen.
- insufficient vaginal moisturizing during sex. Lack of lubrication causes mini injuries of the mucous membrane, due to which blood appears in the secretions.
- ovulation. This is a consequence of the rupture of the follicle and is evidence that the favorable period for conception has come (middle of the cycle). If the discharge during this period is significant and is accompanied by severe pain and general weakness, then you can think about the rupture of the ovary. This condition is deadly.
Pathological conditions in which dark secretions are observed
Repeated appearance of dark bloody discharge in the middle of the menstrual cycle or before the beginning of menstruation with a tendency to increase is a symptom of serious gynecological diseases. This may cause endometrial inflammation in the uterus, destructive changes in the cervix, fibromas, cancer of the female genital organs, polyps of the uterus and cervical canal, endometriosis, endometrial growth pathology, ectopic pregnancy, infections that have sexual transmission.
In each of these diseases, dark discharge will have its own characteristics in combination with other characteristic manifestations.
With endometritis (inflammatory disease of the uterine cavity of infectious origin), monthly discharge is accompanied by an unpleasant smell, pain in the lower abdomen is given to the anus, coccyx, lumbar region and marked during all periods of the cycle, increased sweating, general weakness, when viewed, the uterus is somewhat condensed and enlarged . In advanced cases, inflammation spreads to the tubes and threatens to lead to infertility.
Для эндометриоза (разрастания эндометрия в несвойственных для него местах) характерно сочетание темных выделений разного оттенка перед началом месячных с тянущими болями в животе, усиливающимися с началом кровотечения. После него боли значительно притупляются и почти не беспокоят в середине цикла.
Доброкачественные образования (миома) матки сопровождаются темной мазней до начала менструации и абсолютно бессимптомна в другие фазы цикла.
Malignant tumors of the female genital organs are accompanied by dark bloody secretions before or instead of menstruation, which are combined with a violation of the cycle. The presence of such symptoms suggests that the disease has already passed the first stage.
In addition, brownish discharge from the genital tract can talk about hormonal disorders in the body of a woman, about the transferred stress, and about excessive exertion.
It is important to remember that the appearance of discharge, containing blood, outside of menstruation is the reason for the mandatory visit to the gynecologist. Especially if there are additional symptoms that are not related to normal manifestations (itching, unpleasant smell, pain in the lower abdomen). Only a doctor will be able to determine the cause of such discharge and help cope with it.
Pathological overgrowth of the uterine lining can lead to serious consequences for the patient. This deviation from the norm leads to the appearance of brown vaginal discharge on the eve of menstruation. This condition requires mandatory treatment.
Endometrium with such changes is not suitable for implantation of an egg cell and even if implantation occurs, the risk of miscarriage at subsequent stages of fetal growth will remain high. If you do not treat the uterus, the patient may develop infertility. Uterine hyperplasia is detected when examined by a gynecologist with the help of special devices. Additional tests may be needed to confirm the diagnosis.
In this case, the appearance of dark brown secretions is a very unpleasant symptom that can confirm a woman’s concerns about becoming infected with unprotected sex with a random partner. A visit to the doctor in such a situation is necessary. After a smear on sexually transmitted infections, it becomes clear how well the woman’s concerns were justified.
Causes and factors
Smearing spotting between periods most often occurs during the pathological process in the area of the uterus, ovaries, cervix or vagina. After all, this process affects not only the tissues of the reproductive organs, but also the walls of the blood vessels that feed them. As a result, a small amount of blood enters the uterus, cervix and vagina.
Another cause of bloody discharge between periods can be a pathology of the blood coagulation system. At the same time, blood cannot form blood clots for a long time and stop even with minor injuries.
Less commonly, spotting between periods is caused by various diseases of organs and systems, leading to increased permeability or fragility of blood vessels.
Classification and features
Signs of bloody bleeding between periods can be:
- the appearance of a small amount of vaginal discharge on the eve of menstruation, after them or in the middle of the cycle,
- appearance of blood after intercourse,
- discomfort or pain during intercourse,
- the brown color of the discharge, the appearance of scarlet blood or its veining in the white,
- the occasional appearance of dark spots on linen or toilet paper,
- pain in the lower abdomen, in the genital area,
- itching and burning in the vagina,
- vaginal dryness.
What diseases arise
A bloody discharge between periods may occur in the following pathological conditions:
- pregnancy (abortion, miscarriage, placenta previa, ectopic pregnancy),
- in the postpartum period,
- endometrial polyps or cervix,
- polycystic ovaries,
- fibroids or uterine fibroids,
- inflammatory diseases of the reproductive organs,
- sexually transmitted infections
- ovulatory syndrome,
- insufficiency of the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle,
- injuries of the genital area and abdomen,
- diseases of the pelvic organs,
- gynecological examination and other medical procedures,
- malformations of the reproductive sphere,
- frequent childbirth,
- malignant neoplasm of the uterus and its cervix,
- the presence of intrauterine contraceptives (protection from unwanted pregnancy),
- pathology of the coagulation system (thrombocytopenia),
- blood diseases (anemia, leukemia),
- diseases of the cardiovascular system, especially those accompanied by increased vascular fragility,
- hypovitaminosis (deficiency of vitamins C, K),
- endocrine disorders
- liver disease,
- kidney pathology,
- taking some drugs
- excessive exercise
- psycho-emotional overload and stress.
Which doctors need to contact
With the appearance of bloody bleeding between menstruation, you should first contact the gynecologist. In the subsequent consultation of the endocrinologist, the therapist, the hematologist, the oncologist can be necessary.
Choose your symptoms of concern, answer questions. Find out how serious your problem is and whether you need to see a doctor.
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Brown leucorrhea before menstruation: norm or pathology
The appearance of brown discharge a few days before menstruation is observed in many women. Gradually, leucorrhoea increases and turns into menstruation. This is a normal condition that does not require special therapy.
The nature and exact cause of brown vaginal discharge before menstruation can be determined by the doctor after a gynecological examination and a series of laboratory and instrumental examinations.
If brown vaginal discharge occurs a week before menstruation - this may be a manifestation of inflammation of the urinary organs. Also, pathological secretions can be triggered by hormonal disorders, taking oral contraceptive drugs, the use of the intrauterine device or ring, frequent stress, a sharp change in weight.
To determine the cause and nature of vaginal discharge, as well as to select the appropriate treatment regimen (if necessary) can be qualified by a doctor after a series of clinical studies.
Light brown discharge before menstruation with endometriosis
The appearance of whiter brown on the eve of menstruation may be a manifestation of uterine endometriosis. In this case, vaginal discharge is accompanied by the following pathological symptoms:
- Aching pain in the abdomen. Their intensity and severity depends on the severity of the disease.
- Pain in the pelvic region. Before the onset of menstruation, they increase, and after completion - weaken. Between menstruation, pain in the pelvis is not pronounced.
- Change the hue of the discharge. With endometriosis, they may be black, light brown or brown.
The effects of abortion, trauma and surgery on the uterus can provoke the appearance of endometriosis.
Bleach brown in infectious pathologies
Infectious inflammation of the uterine cavity (endometritis) can cause the appearance of dark brown premenstrual whiter. Pathology develops after abortion or complicated labor.
With endometritis, the whites of brown color are accompanied by the following signs:
- Unpleasant smell of menstrual bleeding,
- Constant abdominal pain radiating to the sacrum or lower back,
- Excessive sweating
- Compaction and enlargement of the uterus, which is determined by gynecological examination,
- Apathetic mood
- Fatigue (especially at the beginning of menstruation).
Another reason for the occurrence of bloody brown discharge is genital infections (gonorrhea, chlamydia, genital warts, etc.) and pelvic inflammatory processes.
Brown leucorrhea before menstruation in tumor neoplasms
Premenstrual brown secretions may occur due to endometrial hyperplasia. This pathology develops after a serious psycho-emotional upheaval, heavy physical exertion and as a result of hormonal disorders.
Brown discharge with hyperplasia is accompanied by irregular menstrual function, the appearance of lightening whiter in the middle of the cycle and cramping pain in the pelvis.
Another pathology of a tumor character that is manifested by premenstrual brown secretions is uterine fibroids. Malignant neoplasms of the reproductive organs lead to the appearance of black and dark brown vaginal secretions.
Other causes of premenstrual brown discharge
The most common reason for whiter browns is the use of hormonal contraception, which leads to a rearrangement of hormonal levels. The appearance of brown secretions - a consequence of the adaptation of the organism to new changes. Leucorrhoea caused by hormonal drugs, normally after 3 months pass. In another case, it is necessary to consult a doctor who will select a safer contraceptive drug.
In addition to hormonal contraceptives, the intrauterine device can lead to the appearance of brown leeches. Hormones in its composition affect the regularity of the cycle and the shade of discharge. Also, smear before menstruation can be observed during the initial stage of menopause or in perimenopause.
Can brown discharge before menstruation be a sign of pregnancy?
Immediately after fertilization, vaginal secretions change color and texture. The whites are starting to turn brown.
Brown discharge is a sign of implant bleeding that occurs on the 12th day after conception, when the ovum is attached to the uterus. Embryo activity triggers an increase in mucus volumes, it becomes creamy and may have a yellowish or light brown shade.
Implant bleeding occurs on days of suspected menstruation, so many women confuse them. However, the difference between them is significant. When the embryo is implanted in the uterus, there are scant light-colored secretions if fertilization has occurred. And when vaginal discharge is similar to menstrual bleeding, you need to consult a doctor. The occurrence of such whiter may be a sign of the threat of miscarriage, improper attachment of the embryo, missed or ectopic pregnancy and other pathologies of gestation.
What to do if premenstrual discharge appeared
If the whites of brown color appeared a few days before the menstruation and turned into full bleeding, this phenomenon does not require special therapy. If the discharge has an unpleasant smell or is accompanied by painful sensations, consult your gynecologist.
Before choosing a treatment, the doctor prescribes a comprehensive examination, which will determine the cause and nature of vaginal discharge. Having studied the results, the gynecologist will develop a tactic of therapeutic effects. For the treatment of infectious pathologies, antimicrobial drugs are prescribed (solutions for douching, vaginal ointments, suppositories). Inflammation of the urinary organs is treated with anti-inflammatory tablets and suppositories. To restore reproductive function, hormone preparations are prescribed.
Inaction in such cases is dangerous by the development of infertility, the formation of tumors and the subsequent removal of the affected organs. Early diagnosis will allow detecting the disease at preclinical stages and taking appropriate measures.
Is brown daub dangerous a week before menstruation?
Incomprehensible daub a week before the onset of menstruation causes anxiety in women. What is wrong with the body? The reason may be trivial, in some cases understandable. But you should pay attention to the presence of other alarming symptoms, painful sensations. Since the brown discharge can be caused by gynecological diseases, disruption of the hormonal system. There is still cause for concern. What does brown discharge mean for the week before menstruation?
Non-hazardous brown secretions before menstruation
The uterus of the woman begins to prepare for menstruation in advance. In about a week, symptoms of premenstrual syndrome appear. Among the sure signs of the beginning of menstruation - brown discharge. What do they mean? In the second part of the menstrual cycle, there is a significant thickening of the endometrial layer, which must be rejected completely during critical days. The uterus makes contractile movements with the muscles so that the particles of the endometrium begin to tear away from the inner layer of the sexual organ. During this process, the mucous membrane is damaged, a small amount of blood appears. Under the influence of the environment of the vagina and oxygen, the blood quickly coagulates. Out of the woman's vagina is already in brown. A maximum of a week begins full monthly.
In general, nothing dangerous in this phenomenon for a woman there. But you need to pay attention to your body. Since the prolonged onset of menstruation indicates an insufficient level of progesterone, which directs this process. Banal hypothermia, nervous tension, bad habits, food and many more things that a woman simply does not pay attention can affect its quantity.
Abortion in the previous month
Artificial termination of pregnancy dramatically changes the hormones of a woman. In the next menstrual cycle may be a failure. Приблизительно за неделю до предполагаемой даты появляются выделения коричневого цвета. Если мазать продолжает дольше, полноценной менструации нет, присутствуют другие тревожные симптомы, следует показаться специалисту.Highlight brown color may mean the beginning of the inflammatory process after an abortion.
Contraceptive pills change the course of events in a woman's body and, of course, discharge. Means inhibit the activity of the ovaries, inhibit the production of hormones. Instead, artificial hormones come in from the outside in a certain dosage. All efforts are aimed at preventing ovulation. At the same time, the full layer of the endometrium does not increase. Under the influence of hormonal pills, the menstrual cycle is driven into a certain framework. The first 3 months he works under stress. Hormonal background is unstable, the uterus adjusts to new conditions. Therefore, there is a brown discharge from a woman on any day of the cycle, and very often begins to smear a week before menstruation. In the future, the situation may repeat. But in general, this indicates a slight imbalance of hormones in a woman's body.
The presence of intrauterine device
The IUD is considered one of the most convenient means of contraception. Simple design does not change the hormones of a woman, but has an impact on the uterus. The usual intrauterine device protects from pregnancy mechanically - it does not allow the fertilized egg to be fixed to the wall of the uterus. Modern systems, because of their high cost, use units. They just change the balance of hormones, prevent the onset of ovulation. Both those and others are capable of causing a brown discharge before menstruation in a woman. During the first 3 months, the uterus tries to get rid of the foreign object, on the eve of the suspected monthly activity of the muscles of the penis increases, causing the formation of brown secretions. In the future, can smear because of inflammation, because the IUD promotes inflammation of the uterus, appendages. If lower abdominal pain is added to anxiety symptoms, pulls the lower back. the intestines are disturbed, general weakness, drowsiness appear - one should seek help from specialists.
Surgery on the genitals affect the entire menstrual cycle of a woman, discharge. In addition, after surgeries, antibiotics and other medications are often prescribed that can affect blood clotting. Then the presence of brown discharge before menstruation is a consequence of therapy and surgery. How the situation with the menstrual cycle will develop further is difficult to say. This question should be addressed to your doctor.
Natural causes of brown discharge before menstruation
The formation of the monthly cycle occurs within 2 years. In this temporary period, possible menstrual delays, as well as too frequent periods. Changes the consistency of vaginal discharge. The main reason - in an unstable hormonal background. The reproductive system is just beginning to prepare for the performance of its functions. The presence of brown vaginal discharge before menstruation is not dangerous. Given that the monthly go at least 1 time in 3 months. Longer periods of the absence of critical days are considered pathologies, which should be noted.
In women after 45–55 years, reproductive functions begin to fade, the nature of the discharge changes. The menstrual cycle is broken again. Then the monthly goes often for a long time. The presence of brown vaginal discharge means an imbalance of hormones. The smear begins before menstruation or on another day of the cycle. For several years, the monthly stop altogether. If other disturbing symptoms are present in addition to the brown discharge of the vagina, seek medical attention. Under the influence of unstable hormone levels, gynecological diseases appear. A woman has to undergo an examination.
Every healthy woman of reproductive age up to 30 years has 2 anovular cycles per year. After 35 years - there are about 6 of them. In such a cycle, the hormonal background of a woman changes, there is a discharge, there is no ovulation, the system acts somewhat differently. Then menstruation comes a few days later, and shortly before it begins to smear. The presence of brown vaginal discharge before menstruation is quite normal. In the absence of other disturbing symptoms, there is nothing to worry about.
Pregnancy as a cause of brown vaginal discharge
The main sign of pregnancy is delayed menstruation and specific discharge. However, there are situations when menstruation passes and there is a pregnancy. What happens in a woman's body in this case?
Ovulation occurs approximately 12–16 days after the onset of egg development. However, under the influence of minor factors, hormones change, and the period of ovulation can be transferred to the end of the cycle. Fertilized egg begins its development, is attached to the walls of the uterus, but it is held there unstable. Since at the same time with her development the woman's body continues to prepare for menstrual flow. The level of progesterones is not so high that the egg fully develops, and not so low that menstruations go as usual. In this case, the fate of the pregnancy depends on how the progesterone behaves. If his level drops, menstruation begins, miscarriage occurs. With an increase in the amount of progesterone, the pregnancy will be strengthened, the discharge will stop. Usually, doctors prescribe hormonal drugs if the woman wants to keep the pregnancy. Otherwise, bleeding will begin, as a result of which the uterus is completely cleansed. At the same time, the presence of brown vaginal discharge after failure, is already regarded as a dangerous symptom. Particles of the embryo remained in the uterus, extraneous secretions, cleaning is required.
In addition, the presence of brown vaginal discharge before menstruation may mean ectopic pregnancy. Blood appears during the passage of the egg through the tubes. It can be fixed in any place. Then the uterus prepares for menstruation, but an enlarged egg prevents free flow of blood from the vagina. Internal bleeding can occur, rupture of the place where the embryo was attached. Emergency help required. If there was a delay beforehand, then it began to smear, the lower abdomen is very painful, the lower back, the temperature rises, you must call the doctor. Failure to provide timely assistance may result in death for a woman.
The influence of the nervous system on the allocation
All doctors say that a woman is very harmful to be nervous. And indeed it is. The menstrual cycle is regulated by the brain and the central nervous system. Under their leadership, the genitals and systems produce the necessary amount of hormones. Constant stress, nervousness, unfavorable psycho-emotional situation, depression, persistent tension of the nervous system leads to a failure in her work. As a result, the balance of hormones is disturbed. An emotionally unfavorable month will cause brown discharge before menstruation. Strong stress and shock can cause bleeding, a constant prolonged load on the nervous system provokes daub, delay, discoloration of vaginal discharge.
Diseases and secretions
The first thing you need to pay attention to - your sex partner. He was permanent, new, there were several, he went on a business trip, was delayed at work, and so on. Since the presence of strange vaginal discharge and brown daub before menstruation can mean a venereal disease. There is itching, burning of the genitals, pain during intercourse and urination, an unpleasant smell and some other symptoms characteristic of a particular disease.
The second point to which attention should be paid - the serious illnesses that had been transferred on the eve and not related to the genitals. Especially with elevated body temperature. Medications taken during treatment could change the hormones of a woman, as well as a high fever with influenza, acute respiratory infections and other infectious diseases. Violates the menstrual cycle, changes the nature of secretions pathology of the thyroid gland. Initially may appear in the presence of brown secretions.
And, finally, gynecological diseases. There are a lot of them; self-diagnosis will not work. A woman has to undergo an examination, to pass tests. Allocations vary unequivocally. What could be:
- cervical erosion,
- uterine fibroids,
- inflammation of the uterus, appendages,
This is not the whole list of diseases that are dangerous to a woman’s health. Delay with treatment leads to complications, infertility, operations, and in the case of an oncological tumor in the severe stage - to death. By the nature of the discharge, women are judged on her female health, the full-fledged work of the reproductive system. The presence of brown secretions for unknown reasons should be alerted.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU HAVE DETECTED MYOMO, CYST, INFERTILITY, OR OTHER DISEASE?
- You are worried about sudden abdominal pain.
- And long, chaotic and painful periods are already pretty tired.
- You have insufficient endometrium to get pregnant.
- Highlight brown, green or yellow.
- And the recommended drugs for some reason are not effective in your case.
- In addition, constant weakness and ailments have already firmly entered your life.
There is an effective treatment for endometriosis, cysts, fibroids, unstable menstrual cycle and other gynecological diseases.. Follow the link and find out what the chief gynecologist of Russia recommends.
What do they say spotting before menstruation?
For many women, menstruation is accompanied by not very pleasant sensations: pain in the abdomen and lower back, slight dizziness and general malaise, rashes on the face, oily skin, swelling, etc. In addition, some experience the phenomenon of daub.
Daub is a scanty, bloody vaginal discharge that can be noticed 4–7 days before the onset of menstruation. In some cases, they occur right before the month.
Unfortunately, most girls believe that daub is a natural process, and therefore there is no need to consult a doctor. In fact, these secretions signal that the body is not all right.
Why smears before menstruation
Women often go to doctors if there is a failure in the menstrual cycle: menstruation is delayed or started prematurely, lasts longer than usual, and there is severe pain in the abdomen. However, few people complain that there was a selection of not on time, and their color is not quite what it should be.
Daub before menstruation is safe only if it appeared within 1–2 days and there is no burning and itching, the discharge does not have an unpleasant odor and is not abundant. Why?
The fact is that before the critical days the uterine mucosa is especially vulnerable to infections. Discharges prevent infection.
The following is considered a norm:
- abundant transparent egg-like protein — before ovulation,
- scanty jelly - they are natural in the second half of the cycle,
- strengthening jelly - 3-4 days before the onset of menstruation,
- Scarlet, increasing daub - on the first day of menstruation.
A doctor should be consulted if:
- daub appears in front of every month
- smears for 4 days and more before menstruation,
- discharge abundant, have a strong smell
- they are white, very thick or curd-like,
- daub has a brown, pink or yellow-green tint,
- during the menstrual cycle, discharges appear several times,
- continues to smear for 5 days or a week.
Ointment before menstruation is not a disease or pathology, but signals the likelihood of gynecological diseases.
For example, if white mucous discharge takes 4–5 days, then there is a high probability that the woman has erosion or inflammation of the cervix.
Causes of discharge for 4 days or more before menstruation:
- endocervicitis and cervicitis,
- pathological processes in the uterus, cancer,
- development of infection in the body.
Also daub in the period of menstruation is observed in women taking oral contraceptives or if pregnancy occurred (the first month).
Determine the disease by the color of secretions
In the event of any irregularities in the body of the woman, blood discharge may appear a week before the menstruation.
They go for 1-2 days and do not always cause discomfort, but this does not mean that they can be ignored.
Depending on how many days it smears and what color of smear, the doctor can make a preliminary diagnosis and send for tests.
5 days before menstruation begins, a woman can have white (curd-like), black, pink, brown, and yellow-green secretions.
The reasons for this are as follows:
- White discharge appears in girls who suffer from thrush. At the same time, their consistency resembles kefir and has an unpleasant sour-milk smell, there is a strong burning sensation (itching) of the genitals.
- Pink daub often occurs during erosion of the cervix, polyps, endometritis and endocervicitis, endometriosis and in benign and malignant tumors.
- Abundant pussy and frothy are the result of Trichomonas colpitis. They are bad and liquid.
- Yellow-green daub appears in women suffering from sexually transmitted infections, as well as with chronic diseases of the uterus and appendages. Thick green mucous discharge with a yellowish tinge observed in women with purulent cervicitis
- The causes of brown daub for 4–5 days before menstruation are varied. The most harmless is hormonal failure due to the use of oral contraception, failure in girls and in women before / during menopause.
Much more often, brown vaginal discharge before menstruation is a sign of endometriosis (endometrial cells appear not only in the internal cavity of the uterus), endometritis (endometrial inflammation), hyperplasia and polyps, or is a consequence of personal hygiene failure.
Also, brown daub occurs in pregnant women, in this case, urgent consultation with the doctor is necessary, as this may be a threat of miscarriage.
- Black daub is the most innocuous discharge from the vagina, since it is a natural phenomenon after giving birth until the regular cycle is restored.
Since the discharge before menstruation is a signal of the body about the problem, timely consultation with a specialist makes it possible to detect it in time and, therefore, heal faster.
Ointment during pregnancy
Daub for 3-4 days before menstruation in most cases is a consequence of diseases of the reproductive system that are to be treated and do not pose a clear threat to health. However, if pregnancy has occurred (especially in the first trimester), then vaginal discharge - this is the reason to immediately contact the antenatal clinic.
Dirty in girls "in position" quite often signals about the problems due to which the pregnancy may be interrupted.
Harmless cause of discharge a week before menstruation may be a change in hormonal levels. Such whites with a small amount of blood may accompany the entire pregnancy (they are also called “monthly pregnant”) and do not cause discomfort in the girl. True, doctors advise not to overstrain on such days, to eat well and be less upset.
Early brown daub can be caused by detachment of the placenta. Many women faced this, but nevertheless it is necessary to be observed by a doctor - a significant detachment of the chorion leads to the killing of the fetus.
At week 5, the girl may face a miscarriage (fetal death), and therefore it is necessary to carefully monitor changes in the body. If brown spots suddenly appear on the underwear this week, it means that the pregnancy is most likely to be interrupted.
Ointment at week 5 may be due to ectopic pregnancy. This can also be understood by sharp cutting pain in the appendages, severe pain in the back of the pelvis. With such symptoms, it is necessary to urgently call an ambulance and have an operation; any delay threatens the life of a woman! Pregnancy while preserving impossible.
At 5 weeks, the threat of termination of pregnancy is very high, and therefore requires enhanced control.
Pregnancy can also be interrupted at 7 and 8 weeks. Symptoms of miscarriage: daub, watery discharge, pain in the abdomen and lumbar region. Only whites are considered natural on these terms.
Infectious diseases, cervical erosion and low placentation can also provoke a daub in the first trimester of pregnancy. These diagnoses are not fatal in case of timely treatment. The child is basically wearing before the due time.
Dirty before menstruation is serious, and ignoring it always leads to undesirable consequences.
Causes of brown discharge before menstruation
Unusual discharge, other than menstrual, in women is often a symptom of diseases of the reproductive organs. The appearance of brown discharge a week before menstruation may have several causes. Among them - quite natural changes in the body, in which such a sign is not considered pathology. Но существуют и очень опасные заболевания, для которых этот симптом является характерным.In this case, timely examination of the woman, early detection of abnormalities, and determination of the method of treating the disease are of great importance.
When changes are considered normal
If a woman has brown discharges that appear before menstruation, they are not accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen, lower back, and burning sensations and itching in the vagina. then, most likely, they are not signs of the disease. Transparent mucous membranes of dark color may appear as a result of processes associated with changes in the hormonal background in the body:
- Puberty. Such discharge may occur in girls before the beginning of the first few periods.
- Completion of the reproductive period. Brown discharge a week before menstruation in women 40-45 years often indicate the beginning of menopause.
- Use of oral contraceptives, if such funds are chosen correctly.
A warning: Before using any hormonal contraceptives, you must be tested for hormones. They can only be used as directed by the doctor. It is dangerous to change the pill often, interrupt their reception in the middle of the cycle. If after the start of the reception the means brown discharges appear within 3 cycles and more, then, perhaps, it will be necessary to choose another instead.
Beli of this type appear a week before menstruation after insertion of the intrauterine device. Due to mechanical stimulation of the endometrium and hormonal effects, the fixation of a fertilized egg in the uterus becomes impossible. If the spotting brown discharge does not disappear for 2-3 months, then the helix is removed, selecting another type of contraception.
They can appear at the time of ovulation (the release of a mature egg from the follicle). This is caused by the movement of the egg through the tubes to the uterus and damage to the blood vessels of the endometrium during its attachment to the wall, which occurs about 12-15 days of the menstrual cycle (about 9-14 days before the start of menstruation). It is during this period that conception is most likely. Therefore, the emergence of such whiter serves as a guide for a woman from which the duration of pregnancy can be counted. This is especially possible with reduced levels of progesterone in the body. To eliminate the deviations used drugs with a high content of the hormone.
Dark discharge during pregnancy
If after ovulation, accompanied by the appearance of brown secretions, fertilization of the egg occurred and pregnancy occurred, then the leucorrhoea can be taken for menstruation, which came 1-1.5 weeks ahead of time. A woman often does not suspect that the pregnancy has occurred, if they recur in the following months, on the days when she must have menstruation. Some women do not know about pregnancy up to 3-4 months, not paying attention to the general malaise inherent in this condition.
If the volume of discharge is small, they are not accompanied by painful sensations, then their appearance in the first trimester of pregnancy is not dangerous. However, up to 12-14 weeks of pregnancy, the probability of miscarriage is quite large. Brown mucus in this case appears due to the detachment of the ovum, which threatens with its rejection and abortion. This condition is characterized by severe abdominal pain. But with timely treatment to the doctor and treatment with drugs that increase the level of progesterone, pregnancy can be maintained. A woman should be in the hospital for 3-4 weeks under the supervision of doctors, with the obligatory observance of bed rest.
The appearance of an anomaly may be associated with an ectopic pregnancy (the fertilized egg does not reach the uterus, but is fixed in one of its tubes or on the organ of the abdominal cavity). As the embryo grows, the tube expands, which often leads to rupture. This condition is life threatening for a woman due to internal bleeding. The sooner such a pathology is found, the greater the chance of a happy outcome. In ectopic pregnancy, in addition to brown mucus, a woman has spasmodic cutting pains in the lower abdomen, on one side. In this case, you must call an ambulance.
If the ultrasound confirms the diagnosis, then an urgent operation is performed to remove the ovum. It is performed by laparoscopy, the egg gets through small incisions in the abdomen in the area of the tube. If a pipe ruptures, it is completely removed. In this case, the chances of getting pregnant are significantly reduced, in some cases, a woman may remain infertile.
Tip: With the appearance of brown whites a week before the usual period of the onset of menstruation, it is especially important to consult with your doctor about their cause, if the woman had unprotected sex. A pregnancy may have occurred (the test result cannot always be trusted), and the discharge serves as a signal of serious complications.
Brown leucorrhea is a precursor to intrauterine bleeding. The cause may be uterine fibroids (the appearance of benign tumors in the muscle tissue of the uterus), endometritis (inflammation of the mucous membrane of the uterus), infectious lesions of the reproductive organs, frozen pregnancy (death of the ovum).
In addition, intrauterine bleeding can be caused by endocrine diseases, in which there are hormonal changes, as well as low blood clotting, anemia. If the brown discharge does not stop, and they are replaced by abundant bleeding, accompanied by cramping abdominal pain, dizziness, fainting, fever and pressure, you should immediately consult a doctor. It is necessary to call an ambulance, find out the cause and stop the bleeding, since this condition is very dangerous. May require surgery.
Endometriosis. Benign disease associated with abnormal proliferation of endometrial tissue, which sometimes turns into a malignant form. Signs of endometriosis are incessant brown leucorrhea before menstruation, as well as pain in the lower abdomen and lower back, an increase in the duration and duration of menstruation.
Cervical erosion. Spotting brown discharge appears a week before menstruation, and also continues for several days after them. However, they may be the only sign of erosion. A woman, sometimes, does not know about her existence until she turns to a doctor.
Polyps in the uterus. These are benign neoplasms arising due to focal endometrial hyperplasia (formation of individual nodules with a stem on the inner surface of the uterus). This disease is characterized not only by secretions, but also by pains in the uterus, resembling contractions. To eliminate polyps often require cleaning, complete removal of the endometrium.
Uterine cancer. Malignant tumors are usually characterized by an asymptomatic course. Brown discharge about a week before menstruation is sometimes the only unusual sign that should attract the attention of a woman. A biopsy of the tissues of the affected areas is done for histological examination and determination of the nature of the pathology. Examination by ultrasound, colposcopy.
Brown discharge before menstruation - a cause for concern or the norm?
Many women have a brown vaginal discharge a few days before the onset of menstruation. Gradually, these secretions increase and develop into full menstrual bleeding. This is a normal condition and does not require medical intervention.
Another thing, if the brown discharge from the genital tract begins 5-7 days before the onset of menstruation. Often this symptom indicates the presence of inflammatory diseases of the uterus, erosion, endometrial hyperplasia or cervical polyps. Brown discharge before menstruation can be observed due to hormonal disruptions in the body, caused by inadequate intake of oral contraceptives, for example.
In the presence of erosion or polyps on the cervix, the woman may also experience the appearance of brown discharge. Confirm the presence of a pathological process on the cervix can gynecologist, examining a woman in a chair in the mirrors. The appearance of brown secretions can be observed after a rough sexual intercourse or vaginal douching, due to internal intervention and injury to the mucous membrane.
Is it necessary to treat the appearance of brown secretions before menstruation?
Before prescribing a woman any treatment, the doctor must determine the cause of brown discharge before menstruation.
If the brown discharge that appeared 1-2 days before the onset of menstruation gradually develops into full menstrual bleeding, then this condition does not require any medical intervention.
If brown discharge before menstruation is a symptom of a pathological proliferation of the uterus mucous membrane, then a woman is usually prescribed hormonal drugs to normalize hormonal levels. Drug medication is selected only by a gynecologist separately and individually for each woman, depending on the extent of the pathological process, disease neglect, history of labor activity, age of the patient and many other factors.
If endometritis is detected - inflammation of the uterine mucous membrane, the woman must be prescribed antibiotics, to which the pathogen is sensitive. After completing the course of therapy, the patient is shown a number of physiotherapeutic procedures and rehabilitation treatment (probiotics, vitamins, immunomodulators).
If brown vaginal discharge before menstruation is the result of polyposis, then the woman is prescribed a course of hormonal drugs. Again, the drug is selected individually for each individual case, depending on the characteristics of the woman’s body and the extent of the pathological process.
The dynamics of treatment with hormonal drugs can be observed only after three months from the start of taking the pills. If treatment with hormonal drugs did not bring any result, then the patient is shown surgical intervention using the laparoscopy method.
In the period of ovulation
In the middle of the cycle spots appear on the panties. Usually their color is white or yellowish, but sometimes they can be light brown. More than a week before menstruation, these scant smears indicate that an egg cell has matured in the ovaries, and the inner layers of the uterine walls are preparing for possible fertilization and implantation of the embryo. Dead or old endometrial cells leave the body.
If a woman gets very tired during this period, is under stress, she may have had to take a cold on her legs, the amount of hormones in her body is reduced. These are the reasons why light brown discharges appear before menstruation.
The day before menstruation may occur brown daub. This indicates that there is a purification from dead cells, the mucous secretes a substance that protects the reproductive system from infections. All unnecessary substances are removed through the vagina, which explains why before the menstruation you can see the smearing dark spots on the panties. The next day they should already go into a normal menstrual process, then red-brown will appear on the lining, and then brighter traces.
Due to contraception
Brown discharge before menstruation appears during the first three months after the insertion of the intrauterine device or the vaginal ring. May cause a discharge in women and the usual hormonal drugs in pills. But if the dark spots before menstruation do not stop even in the fourth month, you need to go to the gynecologist to help correct the course of hormonal drugs or find out what causes the appearance of such secretions that may not be associated with contraceptives.
When to worry about discharge
If dark daub goes long and is accompanied by pain and discomfort, its causes are likely to lie in the development of serious diseases. In which case you should quickly contact a specialist:
- dark brown discharge is observed before menstruation,
- exuberance abundant
- discharge began a few days before menstruation,
- the discharge is sharply sour;
- there is a burning or itchy sensation in the vagina,
- there are back pains or headaches,
- there is a general painful condition
- body temperature rises
- dark discharge continues to appear after menstruation.
Most of these symptoms indicate the presence of inflammation, which means that an urgent need to consult a gynecologist.
Highlight brown before menstruation, which are accompanied by painful sensations in the vagina, spasmodic pain in the lower abdomen, may be due to cervical erosion.
The disease occurs as a result of hormonal disruptions, reduced immunity, or due to sexually transmitted infections after the transfer of pathogens from a partner during sexual contact. Pain and discharge during erosion appear only before menstruation or sometimes due to sexual intercourse.
However, the gynecologist will quickly notice the signs of the disease during a planned or personal consultation. Routine inspection with the use of gynecological mirrors reveals erosion. For a more detailed study of the pathological site may require colposcopy. Treatment is determined by many factors, and in some cases is not required at all.
Symptoms of endometriosis and its treatment
If there is a brown discharge 4 days before menstruation or even earlier, while they are accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen and in the lower back, then perhaps the woman has developed endometriosis.
It is a process of endometrial pathological growth inside the uterus, as well as its appearance in those organs of the reproductive system and even the small pelvis, where this tissue should not be. With this diagnosis, patients complain of the following symptoms:
- the appearance of brown bad smelling secretions
- nagging pains in the abdomen, closer to the groin and in the sacrum,
- general apathy and constant fatigue,
- in some cases, excessive sweating is observed.
The etiology of pathology is not fully established, but it is known that the development of endometriosis is hormone-dependent. The treatment is carried out with the help of hormonal therapy. If this method has no effect, after three to four months, surgical intervention is necessary.
Brown discharge on the eve of menstruation can be caused by the appearance of endometrial polyps. So called small benign neoplasms on the walls of the uterus. There are no obvious symptoms when they appear, although at a certain level of polyp growth there are marked heavy discharge of dark color before menstruation and whitish during the rest of the cycle. Sometimes you can feel discomfort when playing sports or having sex.
Identify the development of tumors can be on ultrasound. A treatment involves the removal of growths using a special apparatus introduced into the uterus, the probe of which clamps the leg of the polyp and disconnects the tumor. This is hysteroscopy.
Thrush and other fungal diseases
Thrush can be the cause of dark spots on the eve or after menstruation. At the same time, the patient's temperature rises before the regulations, the discharge has a light brown color, the rest of the time there is an itch in the vagina, and the vaginal secretion becomes friable, whitish with a sour odor. These symptoms just indicate the presence of fungus.
The causes of thrush are many: most of them are associated with a violation of hygiene rules, the use of incorrectly chosen hormonal contraceptives or a violation of the vaginal flora due to the treatment of other diseases with antibacterial drugs.
The treatment takes place in several stages. First, antifungal drugs are used, then the normal flora of the vagina is restored, and the course is completed with a general strengthening therapy.
When the activity of the glands in the female body is disturbed, the endometrium, the outer layer of the uterine mucous membrane, begins to grow unsystematically, capturing other layers of the organ walls. This disease is called adenomyosis.
Its symptoms are dark discharge before menstruation, pain in the lower abdomen, which go on with severe cramps, continuing during and after menstruation. The menstrual cycle itself is reduced. In addition, all this time the woman observed and other signs of inflammation in the body.
Methods of drug therapy are used, hormonal drugs are prescribed, but surgery is also required - cleaning the uterus, which removes all the extra overgrown layer of the endometrium.
Brown discharge can also signal other diseases for which treatment may require surgery:
Brown mucus on the eve of menstruation, or even instead of it, and abdominal pain often means ectopic pregnancy. При появлении подобных выделений более чем за три дня до менструации лучше сразу обратиться к врачу.