If you are trying to conceive a child, you are most likely watching the cycle to determine the period of ovulation. As soon as you have calculated the correct day (our online ovulation calendar will help you with this), the chances that the sexual act will bear fruit quickly increase. How to determine ovulation by sensations? Read about the main symptoms of ovulation.
Remember that when you have ovulation, the life of the egg (that is, the period for conception) is very short. Therefore, to increase the chances of getting pregnant, it is important to understand all the subtleties relating to the cycle. And you need to start by learning to “understand” your cycle, and to be able to recognize the signs of ovulation before it starts.
The menstrual cycle will tell you when ovulation occurs
The menstrual cycle will seem much easier if you know how to approach it. You do not need to be an expert. It is important to acquire basic knowledge in order to learn how to calculate the ovulation period based on the existing cycle, and get closer to a long-awaited pregnancy.
The period from 1 day of menstruation to the onset of ovulation is called the follicular phase. The second half of the cycle is called the luteal phase and lasts from 12 to 16 days. The day of ovulation, not the first day of menstruation, is the starting point for determining the length of the cycle. The table of your cycle will help you determine the length of the follicular and luteal phases, which is useful for every woman to know.
How does ovulation occur?
The ovaries are incredible almond-shaped organs. Before ovulation, they produce follicles in which the eggs themselves are located. Each cycle of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) produces from 5 to 12 follicles. The dominant follicle is released during ovulation. Maturing follicles secrete estrogen, and due to high levels of estrogen in the blood, luteinizing hormone (LH) causes ovulation.
Ovulation occurs 12-24 hours after the release of LH, when the mature follicle breaks through the wall of the ovary. If the sperm is ready and awaits the appearance of the egg, or if sexual intercourse occurs at this point, the chances of you becoming pregnant are the highest.
In 90% of women, the cycle length is 23–35 days, and ovulation happens just in the middle. Extraneous factors (stress, for example) can delay the onset of ovulation up to the 3rd or 4th week.
Most doctors calculate days favorable for conception, based on an estimated ovulation on day 14 in a cycle of 28 days. Now you yourself understand how inaccurate this is! Absolutely not every woman has a cycle of 28 days, and ovulation occurs on the 14th. A normal, healthy menstrual cycle can last from 26 to 32 days.
Ovulation occurs every month?
Not all women ovulate on a monthly basis. If the ovary has not produced a ripe follicle, then ovulation will not take place. This is called anovulatory menstrual cycle. Endometrium (uterine mucosa, which accumulates in preparation for pregnancy) develops as usual, but the egg is not produced. A small percentage of women are able to produce 2 or more eggs during the day, after which the output of several more is impossible due to hormonal changes in the body. Once the egg cell is fertilized, the hormones prevent the appearance of subsequent eggs in order to protect and support the pregnancy.
Ovulation: signs, symptoms, sensations
Now let's look at how to determine ovulation by sensations. There are signs of ovulation that you may notice. Let's look at the main and secondary symptoms of ovulation.
Ovulation Symptom 1: Ovulation Pain or Ovulatory Syndrome
How to determine ovulation by sensations: pain during ovulation should not be strong
One of the most unpleasant symptoms of ovulation is pain during ovulation or ovulatory syndrome. Ovulation causes a sudden, constant pain in the lower abdomen. It is important to understand that mild discomfort is normal, but pain is not. They can be signs of cysts, increments after surgery, or other health problems. Such a “symptom” needs to be urgently addressed in a medical institution, especially if you are going to conceive a child, since pain may indicate a problem that threatens fertility.
Ovulation Symptom 2: Lower Basal Temperature
To notice the temperature fluctuations, it must first begin to measure, every morning, at about the same time, recording all the data in the cycle table. Maintaining a table or calendar is very important for understanding the cycle and determining the processes occurring in the body. If you have not entered the data in the table, then measuring the basal temperature will not tell you anything, but will be an excellent start in the process of learning the characteristics of your body.
To measure the temperature, you will need a basal thermometer, which is specifically designed to detect less noticeable temperature fluctuations compared to an ordinary thermometer. Such a thermometer has an error of ±, and is able to determine the temperature to two decimal places.
Today the market is full of different thermometers, but you only need to have an ordinary basal thermometer. After ovulation, you will notice a slight increase in temperature and its preservation at this level until the next menstruation. If you become pregnant, the temperature continues to be high. This is how women can predict the beginning of menstruation, noticing a slight decrease in temperature in the premenstrual period.
Sign of ovulation 3: Cervical secretions during ovulation
Selections are one of the most accurate signs by which you can calculate the onset of ovulation. The change in excreta depends on the fertility or nonfertility of the cycle stage. In addition, they can be used to determine when you are again fertile after giving birth.
Cervical secretions are altered by the action of the hormone estrogen. After menstruation, usually, the discharge is insignificant, then they become mucous, then creamy, then watery and, reaching the state of highest fertility, become mucous, stretching and transparent. The excretion during the period of highest fertility looks like raw egg white, thus providing a quick hit of sperm to the egg and alkaline protection against the acidic environment of the vagina.
As we age, the number of days with completely transparent, protein secretions decreases. For example, for a 20-year-old girl, such discharge can last up to 5 days, and for a woman about 40 years old - 1-2 days maximum.
Sign of ovulation 4: The position of the cervix
The cervix is a great clue when ovulation occurs. Of course, to understand all the changes in the position of the cervix, you need to carefully monitor the cycle for a long time.
Check the position of the cervix should be approximately at the same time every day, since it can change during the day. Do not forget to wash your hands before checking.
As with the ovulation discharge, the position of the cervix is adjusted to give the best result for fertilization. Before the approach of ovulation, the cervix is dry, hard, closed and lowered into the vagina. Such signs are characteristic for barren days. As ovulation approaches, the cervix becomes soft, wet (due to the abundance of mucus), the cervical canal opens, and the cervix itself rises and takes up a position in the upper part of the vagina.
Signs of ovulation 5–10: Secondary symptoms of onset of ovulation
Sign of ovulation 5:Breast tenderness and sensitivity
Sign of ovulation 6: Increased libido
Sign of ovulation 7: A surge of strength and energy
Signs of ovulation 8: Exacerbation of the scent, sight and taste
Sign of ovulation 9:Water retention in the body
Sign of ovulation 10:Bloody issues
In the middle of the release cycle, it is believed to be the result of a sudden drop in estrogen before ovulation. Due to the lack of progesterone, small bloody discharges may be present in the mucosa.
But do not rely only on signs of ovulation and their feelings. Use the ovulation test. Today, there are many ovulation tests on the market that can help in determining the appropriate period for conception.
Test strip It works the same way as a pregnancy test strip, determining the level of luteinizing hormone. Approximately 12-24 hours before ovulation, the concentration of luteinizing hormone reaches its maximum. That is, the time of conception is very close!
Microscope test - This is a reusable optical device for determining the forthcoming ovulation by a drop of saliva. After complete drying (10–15 minutes), when viewing the analysis of saliva, patterns resembling fern leaves are noticeable in it. The greater the saturation of the picture, the closer the ovulation. The effect of the ovulation microscope is based on the effect of the hormones estrogen and progesterone on the change in the pattern in the mucous membrane, visible only under a microscope. (fern effect)
Ovulation Calculator allows you to determine the days of ovulation in its cycle. You just need to enter the 1st day of the last menstruation and the duration of the cycle. The calculator will determine the days of ovulation, and armed with knowledge and about other symptoms, you can bring the desired pregnancy.
Remember that sperm remains in the body of a woman for 3 to 5 days, that is, if you had an affinity on the eve of ovulation, the chances of pregnancy are very high. If you are planning a pregnancy, you do not need to create a special schedule for sex, which will make it a duty, not a pleasure.
By keeping a calendar or table of your cycle, you can enjoy passionate nights with a partner, knowing what kind of night can give you the highest chance to increase the number of your family.
Physiological sensations during ovulation
The moment when the follicle bursts, it is impossible to feel, because it has no nerve endings. But the process of moving the egg through the fallopian tube feel quite possible. They are actively contracting, pushing through the matured sex cell, so a woman may feel weak pain in the lower abdomen on the right or left side. Unpleasant sensations usually last no more than an hour.
Can you feel ovulation for other symptoms? Of course yes. An attentive woman on ovulation day will notice that:
- mammary glands become swollen and painful when touched,
- there was bloating and flatulence,
- Vaginal discharge has become abundant and similar to raw egg white.
A woman may notice a large amount of discharge while going to the toilet. It is as if mucus flows out. After the end of ovulation, its amount decreases sharply. Sometimes a woman notices a few drops of blood or pinkish mucus on the laundry. Most likely, this is a reaction to the natural process. But sometimes this happens in the presence of tumors (fibroids) in the uterus. Therefore, to be examined and consult a specialist still does not hurt.
To the question: “Do you feel ovulation?” Not many women give an answer right away. More often they answer unequivocally: “I do not feel.” Most likely, this is due to the lack of attention to their feelings and ignorance of the manifestations of ovulation. Almost every woman marks a surge of strength and energy in the middle of the monthly cycle. It occurs under the influence of a large dose of estrogen, which enters the blood during ovulation.
In addition, at this time you can feel the increased interest in the opposite sex.
Nature has invented that at the most opportune time to conceive a new life - during ovulation, a woman wants sex like no other period of the monthly cycle. At this time, her appearance changes in a special way: her eyes are glowing, her skin becomes smoother, a light blush appears on her cheeks, making the girl more attractive to men.
In addition to the above emotional manifestations, almost every girl notices that her susceptibility to smells and tastes is exacerbated. During the day, the mood changes several times, the woman becomes very sensitive - you want to cry, then laugh. And sometimes it annoys her so much that she reacts to an everyday situation with an emotional outburst. And again the reason lies in the hormonal storm. After a couple of days, she will subside, and with the mood of a beautiful lady again everything will be fine.
How to know exactly what happened ovulation
Despite the fact that the listed symptoms are very informative, many women prefer to use other methods to determine the time of ovulation. The most accessible of them is the method of measuring basal temperature.
Noting the temperature in the graph, you can see that in the first 2 weeks of the cycle it does not exceed 36.8 °. After this, the temperature rises abruptly to 37 °. This means that ovulation has occurred. Normally, this temperature lasts until the onset of menstruation, and then decreases. If the increase is not clear, you can suspect the presence of any failures, because of which ovulation was not noticed or it did not occur.
To determine the onset of ovulation at home, many people prefer to use a special test, which can be purchased at the pharmacy. This method is believed to give more accurate readings than basal temperature measurement. But in order to get a reliable result, you must follow the instructions exactly. The test indicates the level of luteinizing hormone (LH) contained in urine. Before ovulation, its concentration increases dramatically.
You will be able to see the test result in 3-4 minutes after you dip the strip in the urine. If the second band is lighter than the first (control), the surge of luteinizing hormone has not yet taken place. It is necessary to repeat the test several times with an interval of one day. If the second strip is darker than the first, it is considered as the maximum concentration of LH in the blood. Hence, we should expect the onset of ovulation in approximately 24-36 hours.
In the laboratory, you can also determine the level of LH. But for this you have to pass a blood test. Turning to a doctor, you can get a referral to an ultrasound examination in order to accurately determine the date of ovulation. Using a vaginal sensor, a specialist observes the dynamics of follicle development, starting from 6-8 days after the start of a new cycle. To accurately know the day of the egg is necessary to do an ultrasound with an interval of 2-3 days. This method is most reliable for accurate determination of the fact of ovulation.
How you feel ovulation is a sign of good health or having problems with the sexual sphere. Well-being on this day, self-confidence and a burst of energy is what every woman wants. Knowing how to recognize the symptoms of ovulation occurred, it is easy to take measures not to start the disease if they occur. And eliminating them, again feel like a real woman.