During menopause, a woman undergoes certain changes at the level of hormones, which cannot but influence the work of all organs and their systems. Because of this, some diseases that are not related to the reproductive system can develop. The same applies to the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland during menopause may unexpectedly fail and give the woman a lot of trouble.
What are the functions of the thyroid gland during menopause?
The thyroid gland controls many processes in the body. Its normal operation depends on:
- Metabolic processes.
- Maintaining a woman's body weight is normal.
- Sexual function, libido, sexual desire.
- Heat transfer processes.
- Emotional condition.
It can be noted that all these aspects of health are associated precisely with climacteric changes.
Causes of disorders of the thyroid gland during menopause
- In the female body, hormones change regularly, and this happens since the beginning of adolescence. Initially, it is usually associated with puberty, then with the appearance of the first menstruation, then with the birth of a child, its bearing, childbirth and feeding. Finally, this ends with a climax, which also carries hormonal instability. Accordingly, experiencing such jumps in the work of thyroid-stimulating hormones, the thyroid gland ceases to be completely healthy by the age of 45-50.
- It is known that women are more susceptible to various kinds of changes than the representatives of the stronger sex. Therefore, if a woman experiences regular stress, then this significantly affects the work of her thyroid gland.
- Life in polluted cities and districts can also affect the normal operation of this body, while still threatening an early onset of menopause.
- Almost all women dream of the perfect figure and follow the fashion. Naturally, not all beautiful ladies were given nature by initially ideal body proportions; therefore, such women begin to harass themselves with starvation diets, depriving themselves of normal and wholesome nutrition. However, in order for the body to work normally, it needs full support, that is, nutrition, which will have a sufficient amount of minerals and trace elements. If such nutrition is absent, then the woman risks closer to menopause to get problems with thyroid.
- The thyroid gland is also strained during the change of seasons, as the body has to constantly rearrange itself to the environmental conditions. It also quickly wears the body.
Symptoms of abnormalities in the thyroid gland during menopause
- Increased body temperature.
- Overweight, which often borders on obesity.
- Feeling cold, chills.
- Poor metabolic processes.
- Decreased libido and craving for the opposite sex.
- Pain in the chest and heart.
- A woman may notice that her menopause came a little earlier than it should be in principle.
- Lowering blood pressure.
- Decreased hearing acuity.
- Hair and nails become brittle and dry, losing their shine and strength. The same can be said about the skin: it acquires a yellowish tint, it becomes dry, rough.
- Sometimes a woman may notice a forgetfulness, poor memory in hyperthyroidism.
- Sometimes the patient's limbs swell.
What can cause malfunction of the thyroid gland during menopause?
Incorrect and incomplete work of the thyroid gland, which is ignored, can manifest itself in the form of the following problems:
- Tides. This is such a process, when a woman’s upper body sharply feels hot, she sweats heavily, and after an attack, she begins to shiver. Such a symptom is characteristic of menopause in general, so it’s usually impossible to get anywhere. Only violations in the work of the thyroid provoke more frequent attacks, increase their intensity and duration, and after all, the tides significantly interfere with the woman’s habitual way of life.
- There is no feeling of satiety while eating, so a woman eats a lot, which often leads to obesity and associated diseases that are associated with it.
- The mechanisms of memory, thinking, imagination and others cease to function normally. mental processes.
- A woman may have problems at work, as she is constantly sleepy and tired.
- Improper thyroid function can lead to higher levels cholesterol in the blood, and this provokes the deposition of plaques and a number of other problems with the cardiovascular system.
- The patient has serious problems with blood pressurewhich ceases to be stable.
Diagnosis of thyroid disease with menopause
In order to diagnose a disease, you need to pass a blood test for the content of thyroid hormones in it to determine the level of TSH. In addition, the doctor may recommend the following stages of diagnosis:
- Computed tomography or MRI.
- X-ray skull.
- Check the performance of cerebral vessels.
Treatment of the thyroid gland with menopause
If you notice at least one of the above symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor, give him your complaints and suspicions.
Usually, the doctor performs a diagnosis, especially based on the age of the patient, her heredity. You also need to tell as much as possible about your symptoms and how they progressed, and how long ago you felt something was amiss.
If the diagnosis is confirmed, the doctor will prescribe the appropriate treatment to the patient. With menopause, this is the replenishment of the lack of female estrogen hormones. However, you need to be prepared for the fact that they are not prescribed estrogens themselves in their pure form, but their plant analogue is phytoestrogens. The fact is that estrogens in their pure form are not allowed to use by all, since they have many contraindications.
As regards medications, they can prescribe Eutirox, Thyroxine. Eutirox is a drug that replaces thyroid hormones. Eutirox is prescribed for diseases that are associated with insufficient thyroid function. Eutiroks drug should be used with caution to those who suffer from diseases of the heart and blood vessels, also Eutiroks is contraindicated in those who suffer from diabetes.
In addition to hormone therapy, the doctor may recommend proper and rational nutrition for thyrotoxicosis, which will correspond to the age and all the problems that it brings to the life of a woman.
Prevention of thyroid disease in menopause
- If you live in a large metropolis, then think about moving to a village or a smaller city, but with a better ecology. In extreme cases, buy a cottage outside the city: such trips and walks will also have a positive effect on the health of the whole body and of the thyroid gland too.
- In the climax with hypothyroidism, eat as many foods with a high iodine content as possible. These are sea kale, iodized salt, sea fish.
- Remember that the disease may not manifest itself for a very long time, so visit the doctor at least once every six months to learn about the disease in time.
Thus, thyroid diseases are very common today, and many reasons contribute to this. As for the period of menopause, then this ailment can aggravate there, and you need to be prepared for this, even if you have not experienced any problems with this body before.
Therefore, follow all preventive measures and visit a doctor in time. And if the disease did not get around you, then do not self-medicate and do not listen to the advice of girlfriends, neighbors, Internet users, as in this case it will be possible to pay dearly for your negligence. Remember that menopause and thyroid gland are far from those phenomena that can be taken to chance.
Cognitive video on this topic:
What are the problems in the functioning of the thyroid gland
- Violations of the hormonal background of a woman, which occur throughout her life, have a negative impact on the thyroid gland. In menopause, the thyroid gland is exposed to the strongest effects, which entails problems with the general state of health.
- The female body is subject to greater environmental influence than the male one. Therefore, women are more likely to face such a problem as stress. Any violation of the emotional background leads to hormonal fluctuations, which, in turn, adversely affects the thyroid gland.
- Virtually every woman seeks to have the perfect figure. Therefore, many resort to all sorts of diets that exhaust the body. In order for the thyroid gland to function normally, a person needs a diet rich in vitamins, microelements, and useful substances. Resorting to diets, a woman limits herself in obtaining all the necessary substances for the body. Their deficiency leads to problems in the work of the thyroid gland.
Disorders in the thyroid negatively affect the overall health
Note! Not only with menopause, thyroid work worsens. Scientists have shown that changing the season also affects the function of the body.
What happens when a thyroid gland fails
In menopause, the thyroid gland is the most important organ that is responsible for the level of thyroid hormone production. The most common problems of gland dysfunction are:
- Excess hormones produced.
- The lack of synthesized hormones.
In the first case, a woman can have an early menopause, manifested by such symptoms:
- excessive irritability,
- excessive sweating
- increased appetite
- significant weight loss
- increased body temperature
- increased cholesterol levels
- increases the risk of diabetes,
- brain work worsens,
- develop bone disease,
- blood pressure rises.
Loss or weight gain may be signs of thyroid malfunction.
Note! Symptoms of thyroid pathology in menopause may be similar to other diseases. At their first manifestation, it is better to contact a specialist to identify their nature.
With a lack of hormones, a woman faces the following problems:
- general tiredness
- weight gain
- memory deteriorates
- rapid aging of the skin
- deteriorating hair health
- nails become extremely brittle.
With the manifestation of such symptoms, most women begin self-treatment, not realizing that it is not the symptoms that have to be got rid of, but their cause. If you ignore the nature of the appearance of the first signs of thyroid abnormalities, then this may adversely affect the general state of health.
How does menopause affect thyroid work?
Changes in the thyroid gland during menopause lead to significant changes in the woman's body. Many face constant depression, become very irritable. These signs speak about violations in the thyroid and can lead to hyperthyroidism, thyrotoxicosis.
Ignoring thyroid problems leads to more serious diseases.
When a woman has menopause, it is imperative to contact your doctor in order to protect the thyroid gland as much as possible and get rid of the manifestations of menopause. In most cases, after an examination, the doctor prescribes hormone therapy to restore hormonal balance in order to maintain the proper functioning of the thyroid gland.
Council Climax and thyroid are closely related to each other. In menopause, in addition to drug therapy, experts recommend increasing physical activity. Women need to be more often in the fresh air, to go swimming, jogging.
You should also pay attention to the diet. If during menopause the thyroid is impaired, then you should reconsider, change your diet. It is better to get rid of fatty, fried foods and add vegetable oil with fish to the daily menu. In the diet must be present foods rich in calcium, silicon.
Proper nutrition speeds up the process of restoring proper functioning of the thyroid
Note! For the treatment of thyroid in menopause, you can use medicinal herbs. However, their use should occur directly under the supervision of the attending physician.
Climax negatively affects the work of the thyroid gland. To maintain her health it is necessary to visit an endocrinologist annually. Timely detection of the problem will help prescribe the correct treatment to fix it.
Thyroid and menopause - a relationship you should be aware of
Materials are published for review, and are not a prescription for treatment! We recommend contacting an endocrinologist at your clinic!
Coauthor: Galina Vasnetsova, endocrinologist
The thyroid gland works all the time for the benefit of the human body. As soon as a woman encounters menopause, her special attention should be paid specifically to the work of this body. Ignoring the deterioration of their condition, symptoms, which indicates a malfunction of the thyroid gland, a negative impact on the work of the whole organism. The specialist, after examination and testing, will prescribe a therapy that will help level the hormonal balance, will maintain the proper functioning of the thyroid gland during menopause.
The thyroid gland is one of the most important organs of the human body. Problems in the gland are often associated with the onset of menopause. Not every woman knows the relationship between menopause and the thyroid gland, and when symptoms of pathology appear, they do not always turn to a specialist.
The thyroid gland affects reproductive function, but female hormones also in turn affect its function. Therefore, climacteric hormonal changes can not affect the state of the gland.
Why do abnormalities occur in the thyroid gland?
- Throughout life, hormonal fluctuations occur in the female body, at first it is associated with puberty, the occurrence of menstruation, then with pregnancy, childbirth and baby feeding, and then with the onset of menopause (menopause). All these constant fluctuations in the level of hormones can not affect the correct operation of the thyroid gland. Iron begins to falter, and this affects the health of the female body.
- A woman is constantly under the influence of the environment, as a result, she is more than a man under stress. Any stress on the emotional background leads to hormonal changes, which the thyroid gland can not withstand.
- Most of the fair sex dream to have perfect proportions in their figure, and for this they exhaust the body with all sorts of exhausting diets. For the work of the thyroid gland, you need good nutrition, rich in vitamins and trace elements. Women deprive your body of good food, and this leads to disruptions in the thyroid gland.
- The change of seasons also has a huge impact on the work of this body. In the spring, hormonal changes occur in a woman’s body due to an increase in outside air temperature and an increase in solar activity. All this has a significant impact on our health, as the body must adapt, adjust to changes in the surrounding environment.
A large number of hormones produced in excess of the norm. This disease can lead to early menopause.
- A woman becomes excitable, suffers constant flushing and sweating, the heart begins to work at an accelerated pace, worries insomnia.
- A woman wants to eat all the time, but still there is a sharp weight loss.
- Possible manifestation of diabetes.
- Intellectual abilities are reduced.
- Memory is impaired.
- Very often the body temperature rises.
- Often, with this disease, a woman undergoes changes in bone tissue, osteoporosis.
- The bones become fragile, during this period there is a high probability of fractures of the limbs.
- There is an increase in cholesterol levels, metabolism is disturbed.
- Often a woman suffers from high blood pressure.
A small amount of hormones produced also adversely affects a woman’s physical health.
She becomes lethargic, she constantly wants to sleep. Increases body weight. Inhibited memory and all thought processes. Woman suffers from constipation.
Any violations in the thyroid gland lead to negative manifestations in the external beauty of the woman. Skin fades, wrinkles. Body weight increases, or vice versa significantly reduced. Hair becomes dull and dry. Nails begin to exfoliate and break.
Many women begin to treat all these symptoms, and are in no hurry to consult a specialist. But in this case it is necessary to treat not a consequence of the disease, but the very hormonal disorder itself, to restore the functioning of the thyroid gland. The consequences can be disastrous. It is necessary to refer to a good endocrinologist.After all, thyroid disease can lead to tumors and even death.
The role of menopause in the thyroid gland
When menopause occurs, thyroid work undergoes significant changes.
- Constant depression, frequent irascibility, insomnia, all this suggests the onset of menopause and disorders in the thyroid gland. Hyperthyroidism (thyrotoxicosis) develops.
- When menopause occurs, you need to contact a doctor who will help to cope with all the unpleasant symptoms of menopause. Most often, experts prescribe hormone replacement therapy, which helps maintain hormone levels and, therefore, in the thyroid gland does not fail.
- This treatment involves the use of drugs containing analogues of female hormones - estrogen and progesterone. After all, these hormones are not enough to produce an egg, which leads to the onset of menopause. The doctor suggests starting a healthy lifestyle, to improve health and prolong youth. Need to change your diet. Do not eat fatty and fried foods. In the food in large quantities should be present fish and vegetable oils. It is necessary to enrich your diet with foods rich in vitamins and useful trace elements, especially calcium and silicon.
- Also, in case of disorders of the thyroid gland and during the onset of menopause, it is recommended to walk more often in the open air, to play sports. Swimming, jogging, cardiovascular exercise, and cycling training will help keep the female body in good shape.
- Radioactive substances have a huge impact on the thyroid gland. If a woman is in the radiation zone for a long time, then there is a disturbance in the thyroid gland and an early menopause begins. Recently, this factor often affects the female body. Cases of early menopause began to occur much more often than before, after the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant.
How to prevent violations in the thyroid gland and the onset of early menopause?
Every year you need to visit an endocrinologist, who will conduct a series of studies of your female body. Examination should include ultrasound examination of the thyroid gland, tests for the amount of certain types of hormones.
- The work of the thyroid gland in the spring. Maintaining it in working condition.
- Large hormonal jumps in the spring period significantly disrupt the work of the thyroid gland and lead to the onset of menopause. During this period, it is necessary to increase the amount of seafood, nuts and honey in your diet. Take special vitamin complexes recommended for the female body.
- Experts recommend to use medicinal herbs in addition to hormonal drugs. Great popularity for maintaining the thyroid gland in working condition using tincture white potenchatka. This herb contains iodine and other beneficial trace elements. It normalizes hormones, that is, it can be used with a lack of hormone production and with their excess. Before using any drugs, including white one, you should consult a doctor.
The thyroid gland is one of the most important organs of the female body. Do not forget that her work has a huge impact on the approach of menopause, and therefore on the onset of old age. It is necessary to monitor their health and at the slightest disturbance to contact a specialist who will help prescribe a competent treatment and support the youth of the female body.
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Thyroid gland during menopause
The hormonal background changes at each stage of the woman's body formation (the appearance of tumors or the malfunction of the reproductive system, the period of pregnancy and hormonal changes during childbirth, impaired metabolism and weight gain). Violation of the thyroid gland leads to the onset of climacteric changes earlier than nature intended. Therefore, it is very important for a woman to monitor the state of the thyroid gland and the general hormonal background.
Thyroid problems can lead to premenopausal menopause
Why do malfunctions of the thyroid gland appear? Hypothyroidism and lack of hormones. Features of the thyroid gland during menopause
There are several factors that affect the functioning of the thyroid gland:
- Stress. Women more than men are subject to negative influence of environmental factors, therefore, with an increased amount of stress in the woman's body, changes can occur in the thyroid gland. Can completely change the hormonal background.
- Improper diet and lifestyle. If the daily diet of a woman will not have the necessary vitamins and trace elements, then there may be complications from metabolic processes. Which can affect the overall hormones and cause disruption of the thyroid gland.
- The change of seasons. The rapid alternation of climate can also affect the body's hormonal background. Increasing the amount of sun and heat in the spring can disrupt hormonal balance if the body is not prepared for this.
Therefore, it is necessary to be tested for hormones twice a year. To prevent an excess or deficiency of hormones in the blood, and to detect pathology that can influence their fluctuations.
Junk food provokes malfunction of the thyroid
What causes a malfunction of the gland
There are only two reasons that can provoke a malfunction of the thyroid gland:
- Excess hormones.
- Lack of development.
An excess of hormones can introduce a woman's body to a pathological early menopause, which will manifest symptoms:
- Tides A sharp increase in the temperature of the upper body, with increased sweating and chills. This is the brightest sign of the presence of pathological menopause, which requires mandatory treatment to specialists.
- Lack of satiety, with rapid weight loss.
- The sharp decline in cognitive function, blunting somatic reactions.
- Drowsiness and apathy.
- The level of cholesterol in the blood rises, which leads to metabolic disorders.
- Arterial hypertension. The patient has a persistent increase in blood pressure.
With a lack of hormones, a woman may note the presence of various deviations in the structure of the skin and hair.
The patient either gains weight rapidly or loses it as well. Cognitive functions are severely affected, absent-mindedness is present.
Most women try to stop symptoms of hormone deficiency symptomatically, although in this case you should seek help from specialists.
Drowsiness and apathy - frequent symptoms of thyroid disorder
How menopause affects the thyroid gland
The thyroid gland in the period of menopause is the first organ that undergoes changes. After all, when the body enters menopause, there is a violation in the production of hormones that regulate it. This leads to the fact that the iron begins to work in an enhanced mode, causing the development of hypothyroidism.
When the first signs of climacteric changes occur, the woman should be examined. It is imperative to pass the analysis on follicle-stimulating hormone, which will confirm entry into menopause.
After the examination, the doctor will definitely prescribe hormone replacement therapy drugs (if the patient has no contraindications), which will help get rid of the manifestations of menopause and its complications. And iron normalizes its work due to the normalization of the level of sex hormones in the blood.
What happens to the thyroid gland during menopause
Changes in menopause have a total effect on the body. Hence the sudden arrival of some diseases that, it would seem, do not have in common with the reproductive system. So the thyroid gland during menopause can give unpleasant surprises, that is, to strengthen its manifestations and add new ones.
Why is the thyroid work important in menopause
The thyroid gland controls many processes in the body. Depend on it:
- Regulation of body weight,
- Sexy appetite
- Heat exchange,
- Psycho-emotional state.
That is, all aspects of health that change in menopause. The thyroid gland works closely with the brain to keep the balance of substances. The latter produces thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRG) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) for the normal functioning of the gland. And in turn, it produces thyroxine and triiodothyronine in order to maintain the balance of substances and normal well-being. Climax changes everything in this system, since the balance of hormones is disturbed.
What happens to the thyroid in premenopausal
Changes during menopause, primarily hormonal, are associated with a decrease in the amount of estrogen and progesterone. They are caused by another functioning of the hypothalamus, which has a direct impact on the work of the endocrine glands, including the thyroid. But she is also able to undergo age-related changes, thus affecting the course of menopause, complicating it.
At the beginning of the period of extinction of ovarian function, the thyroid gland increases in size, hypertrophied. This is manifested in the form of signs of premenopause:
- Weeping, whims,
- Increased anxiety.
It is important to distinguish between normal and pathological changes, because similar symptoms may be manifestations of thyrotoxicosis. Its occurrence on the background of the extinction of sex hormones is also not excluded. And because it is important to control this particular area of the body from the very beginning of premenopause, that is, to be examined.
Thyroid and postmenopause
The thyroid gland with a later menopause, that is, after a year of absence of critical days, begins to decrease in size. This is a normal feature of its development, but it does not occur asymptomatically. That is, initially signs of malnutrition are not pronounced. But for some women it progresses, which causes more noticeable changes:
- Dry skin, brittle nails, weakened hair. This is a period of faster, than before, external aging,
- Memory, performance are worsening, fatigue comes rather
- Interfere with drowsiness, constant weakness,
- Chills are often felt even at a sufficiently comfortable ambient temperature.
When studying the characteristics of the development of the thyroid gland in this period, it is important to correlate them with the work of the pituitary gland. If the volume of the hormones thyroxine and triiodothyronine produced by it decreased along with the thyrotropic function of this part of the brain, the changes can be considered natural.
Only a doctor is able to do all this; therefore, in postmenopausal disease it is important to monitor the functioning of the thyroid gland, despite the well-being.
Hyperfunction of the thyroid gland during menopause is caused by a change in the level of hormones in a woman’s body
Menopause and thyroid hyperfunction
The thyroid and menopause are connected in such a way that the dysfunctional state of the organ can be masked as signs of ovarian failure. It has already been mentioned that in premenopausal the enhancement of the work of the gland is normal, since it is caused by the similarity of the body's reactions to its hormones and the disappearing estrogens. But up to a certain limit.
- Constant heat in the body
- Muscle weakness, tremor, sometimes cramps,
- Rapid heartbeat,
- Loss of body weight with good appetite, as well as frequent bowel movements,
- Extreme sweating, constant thirst,
- Chronic nervous condition.
As you can see, these manifestations are similar to menopausal, but there are also differences. In order not to aggravate them, you should hurry if you are suspected of an endocrinologist.
We recommend to read an article about the symptoms of menopause. You will learn about the causes of the extinction of the reproductive function of the female body, the main manifestations of this condition, the need for drug therapy.
Hypofunction of the thyroid gland in the postmenopausal period
Hypotrophy of the thyroid gland is a natural and characteristic feature of the late menopause. But for some, it becomes too pronounced. This worsens momentary well-being and increases the risks of diseases not related to the hormone-producing organ, but related to postmenopausal disease.
What does the thyroid gland lead to if it is not active enough during menopause? Pathology provokes the following symptoms:
- Weight gain It is growing, despite efforts to lose weight, diet and physical activity. This is due to a gland hormone deficiency that causes a slowdown in metabolism,
- Memory impairment Failure of the processes in the brain caused by hormonal deficiency, lead to violations in this area. The danger of acquiring Alzheimer's is coming,
- Strengthening of vasculomotor signs. This happens due to the negative effect on the vessels suffering from the lack of thyroxine and triiodothyronine. Although in women with a thyroid gland functioning normally in accordance with age, they are waning. With its hypofunction, heart disease develops, a heart attack becomes more likely,
- Osteoporosis. The destruction of bone tissue is much faster, which is why those who do not experience such a deficiency of gland hormones.
Climax and thyroid depend on each other more than many suppose. And paying attention to gynecological health, overlook the endocrine problems. In the meantime, for some, they are key to feeling unwell at this stage.
What is hypothyroidism?
Hypothyroidism is an endocrine disease that reduces the functionality of the thyroid and affects the amount of important hormones in the female body. Detecting a disease without laboratory testing of the blood is almost impossible, because the symptoms of the disease are often attributed to the presence of other abnormalities in the patient's body. During the study, the level of T4, T3 and TSH is determined. Most often, patients in menopause are diagnosed with a primary abnormality that develops against the background of hormonal imbalance.
Important! Hypothyroidism can cause many pathologies, such as hypertension, diabetes, atherosclerosis, etc.
Thyroid and menopause - a relationship you should be aware of
To understand how the menopausal period affects the thyroid function, you need to figure out what processes in the body this organ is responsible for. The thyroid controls the following processes:
- The stability of body weight.
- Sexual attraction.
- Heat exchange.
With menopause as a result of thyroid dysfunction, all these processes are disturbed, and the woman begins to experience unpleasant symptoms of menopause. Of course, it is impossible to avoid a hormonal imbalance in menopause, because menopause is a natural process, but if it passes smoothly, under the supervision of doctors, all these troubles can be easily avoided. Norm hormones in menopause:
- TSH from 0.4 to 4 µMU / ml,
- T3 - from 3.5 to 8.0 pg / ml,
- T4 - from 08 to 18 pg / ml.
If any abnormalities are found in the analyzes, hormones should be leveled out, which will help to avoid serious health consequences. Indications for laboratory blood tests for hormones:
- Annual routine inspection.
- Increased thyroid gland.
- Reduced sexual desire.
- Sharp fluctuations in body weight without changing the diet.
- Severe menopausal syndrome.
- Heart rhythm disorder.
- Depressive conditions that are not amenable to traditional therapy.
- Strong hair loss.
- Decreased body temperature.
All these symptoms may indicate the development of insufficient thyroid work, and therefore require increased attention.
Important! After 40 years, each patient should be tested for hormones 1 time per year, this will allow timely detection of deviations and avoid dangerous consequences.
The manifestation and signs of hypothyroidism during menopause
Virtually all the symptoms of the onset of the primary deviation in women in menopause are similar to the manifestations of menopausal syndrome. It is for this reason that the ladies simply do not pay attention to them, writing off their ailments at age restructuring. The main symptoms of thyroid dysfunction in menopause are:
- Mood swings.
- Hot flushes to the body.
- Decreased libido.
- Increased fatigue.
- Weight gain.
- The deterioration of brain activity.
- The appearance of goiter.
- Change voice timbre.
Primary hypothyroidism can occur as a result of genetic predisposition, and from a lack of iodine in the body. Such factors as frequent stresses, unhealthy diet, lifestyle and lack of proper rest also affect the thyroid function.
Important! Thyroid dysfunction can lead to the onset of early menopause with its severe course.
Treatment of hypothyroidism in women with menopause
Malaise during menopause should be a reason to visit a doctor. Thyroid hormones for menopause is checked by an endocrinologist or gynecologist-endocrinologist. The treatment most often occurs in several stages; for this, hormonal preparations, vitamin complexes and herbal remedies can be prescribed. The elimination of symptoms by hormone replacement therapy for menopause allows you to achieve the following results:
"I was advised by the gynecologist to take natural remedies. They chose the climastyle, and he helped me with the tides.This is such a nightmare that sometimes you don't even want to go to work from home, but you have to. After the start of reception it became much easier, it even felt that some internal energy reappeared. And I even wanted to have sex with my husband again, but it was all without any particular desire. "
- Improves performance.
- Mood improves.
- The condition of hair and nails improves.
- Rarely bother tides.
- Returns to sexual desire.
- The skin becomes more elastic and youthful.
- Leaves overweight.
- The digestive tract normalizes.
Also, the recommendations of doctors to eliminate the symptoms of thyroid dysfunction in women read:
- It is necessary to go in for sports.
- Eat right.
- It is imperative to give up bad habits.
- It should be a timely rest.
- It is important to have sex.
Important! Treatment of thyroid dysfunction should be prescribed only by an experienced doctor. With well-chosen therapy for the doctor, it will not be difficult to normalize the hormones of a woman.
How to prevent violations in the thyroid gland and the onset of early menopause?
The endocrine system is very sensitive to the environment. According to the research, it was proved that most residents of large cities encounter thyroid dysfunction, to avoid this disease, doctors advise you to follow the following rules for the prevention of thyroid abnormalities:
- If you live in a city, go to nature as often as possible. Clean air allows to reduce the degree of contamination of the blood, helps to establish the work of the heart and thyroid gland.
- Residents of continents are encouraged to include as much as possible in their diet of marine products. It is in them that there is a high iodine content, which is indispensable for the normal functioning of the thyroid gland. Source of iodine are seaweed, sea fish, mussels and so on.
- Women throughout life are constantly confronted with stress. It is the stresses, worries and experiences that can result in disruptions in the endocrine system. To avoid this, you need to be able to cope with stress. Sports, breathing exercises and various spiritual practices are great for this.
- The best way to prevent thyroid dysfunction is to regularly visit a doctor. Annual screening of the body will help to identify abnormalities in the earliest stages that have not yet become the causal pathology of dangerous pathologies.
It should be remembered that the disease can take many years in a latent form, without showing itself. In menopause, the disease worsens due to hormonal changes. For this reason, tests for hormone levels are recommended to take regularly, starting from the age of 30 years. And most importantly, do not self-medicate, find an experienced endocrinologist, and the treatment of this disease is not difficult.
Symptoms of primary hypothyroidism
Problems affecting the reduced synthesis of hormones in the thyroid gland, state the fact of the emergence of primary hypothyroidism. The lack of these hormones in the body of women during menopause is associated with the manifestation of numerous symptoms. The most characteristic features of hypothyroidism in menopause include the following symptoms:
- noticeable enlargement of the thyroid gland or goiter,
- poor performance of metabolic processes in the body: memory impairment, swelling of the arms, legs and face, depression, apathy, decreased perception and mental activation of the brain, poor concentration of attention, weakness, deterioration of memory, lethargy, etc.,
- deterioration of hair condition - brittleness, dryness, changes in the structure and color of the skin of the face, rapid weight gain, impaired menstruation and voice tone.
Primary hypothyroidism may be inherited at the time of birth or acquired during menopause in women. In the first case, the problem is genetic in nature and occurs when there is a shortage of iodine in the body. The second option is due to damage or disappearance of enzymes that are involved in the production of thyroid hormones.
In hypothyroidism, symptoms in women in menopause disrupt the control of the human body and significantly affect the brain. In this case, the person decreases the level of intelligence, there are difficulties with rash, severe drowsiness appears, the general state of health and mood worsens, apathy towards the sexual desire occurs. If you relate to "sloppy" symptoms, irreversible consequences can occur - the development of intracranial hypertension, accompanied by the appearance of headaches and turning into a prolonged state. Many women become very irritable and unhappy around.
Very often, women at the time of hypothyroidism and menopause appear pain in the hands, weakness, tingling, resembling the symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis. When the hypothyroid disease is neglected, many women experience a rapid aging of the body and a deterioration in general well-being.
Elimination of symptoms by hormone replacement therapy during menopause
Hypothyroidism is a serious disease that develops in most women who enter the stage called "menopause". The rate of hormone synthesis at this moment reaches a critical point and leads to a state of sluggishness of human actions and inhibition of processes. The following factors can influence the situation aggravation: poor ecology, poor nutrition, endless stresses, indisposition in the area of internal organs.
In this case, when climax is unavoidable, endocrinologists recommend taking various dietary supplements with iodine and a complex of specialized vitamins to maintain the normal functioning of the thyroid gland. In addition to iodine in your diet, doctors advise to use the vitamins of group A, which are present in fruits and vegetables.
For lovers of decoctions and tinctures also have their own ingredients for the normal functioning of the hormonal system during menopause:
- sage tea,
- tincture of white potentilla,
- intoxicating drink,
- swamp calamity
These herbs help to increase the steroid hormones in the body of women, preventing the symptoms at the initial stage of their development.
Climax and hypothyroidism are two inseparable components that may arise at the most unexpected moment. To correct the problems associated with the thyroid gland during menopause, it is necessary to use hormone replacement therapy. However, no action should be taken on your own, only as prescribed by an endocrinologist.
If the above symptoms appear, the patient should consult a doctor and undergo a full medical examination. Only with a more detailed study of the symptoms and tests performed with the diagnosis can we judge the general problem of many women.
Physicians' recommendations for eliminating the symptoms of hypothyroidism in women
In most cases, endocrinologists offer their patients to use the drug for internal use Femoston. Its unique properties are able to improve the hormonal system of a woman when menopause entered her usual way of life. This drug is an analogue of progesterone and contains various additives of natural and chemical origin. However, femoston must be taken constantly in order that hypothyroidism could no longer affect the condition and functioning of other internal organs, worsening the general well-being of a person.
The use of this drug contributes to the maintenance of digestive processes at the time of a decrease in hormonal activity. This property of the drug is very important for the fair sex of the menopausal period. After all, estrogen and progesterone, which are part of Femoston, remove the primary symptoms and prevent the development of secondary symptoms.
Women need to take care of the state of their body at any age, especially at the time of menopause. After all, in the presence of a thyroid disease, accompanied by the appearance of a number of symptoms, it is possible to worsen the self-reproducing function of the reproductive system, which will significantly affect the decline in the quality of life. As soon as the primary symptoms made themselves felt, beautiful women should go for a consultation with an endocrinologist and not delay the delivery of tests for the hormones of their own thyroid.
The following video will provide additional information about hypothyroidism:
Hypothyroidism - what is it
Hormonal imbalance disease - hypothyroidism - is an indicator of a lack of thyroid hormones. Failure in the stable operation of the thyroid gland in the menopausal period is observed quite often.
Since the thyroid gland in the climacteric period takes on an important share of metabolic processes in the body, the hormonal imbalance affects it quite noticeably. During menopause, hypothyroidism is primary.
Causes of hormonal failure during menopause
In addition to the hormonal imbalance during menopause, there may be concomitant malfunctions in the work of other body systems, functional disorders, external factors leading to unstable thyroid gland:
- stressful situations
- dangerous ecological atmosphere in the area of residence,
- exhausting diets, unbalanced diet,
- excessive exercise.
Consequences in women
Complications and consequences of hypothyroidism in women depend on the clinical course of the disease, namely, on the amount of thyroid hormone secreted by the thyroid gland. If the hormone is still being produced in any amount, then the possibility of returning to normal organ activity remains.
Hypothyroidism that develops in women can have the following consequences.:
- problems in the heart,
- impaired memory, weakening of mental abilities,
- decrease in arterial pressure in a steady phase,
- atrophy of the external and internal genital organs,
- protracted course of chronic or infectious diseases,
- decrease in sexual activity, decrease in libido.
A dangerous complication is thyroid cancer or hypothyroid coma, which may be fatal.
The earlier the pathology is revealed and the treatment is started, the more chances to restore the function of the thyroid gland and to avoid complications.
Forms of the disease
On the basis of etiology hypothyroidism is:
- primary. A fundamental factor in the disruption of the normal functioning of the thyroid gland is the lack of thyroid hormones. The primary form may be congenital (due to impaired growth and development of the thyroid gland), acquired (arising on the background of external factors), idiopathic, the cause of which has not been established,
- secondary. The reason for the lack of production of thyroid hormones is a violation of the pituitary gland. The main cause is atherosclerosis, inflammatory processes or cerebral ischemia, tumors, as well as the negative impact of drugs on the pituitary gland. The course of the disease is more severe, accompanied by side effects on other vital organs,
- tertiary. Due to a malfunction of the hypothalamus as a result of injuries, tumors, inflammatory processes, medications,
- tissue. Disorders occur in the way hormones are transformed. The cause of failure can be autoimmune processes, disruptions in the structure of tissue receptors, unstable work of the liver and kidneys.
The severity of the disease primary hypothyroidism is:
- manifest. Due to the high content of thyroid hormones with reduced thyroxin. It happens compensated or decompensated,
- latent. Due to the increased content of thyroid hormones with normal levels of thyroxine,
- complicated. It has serious complications, such as cretinism, pituitary adenoma, coma.
To determine the phase and course of hypothyroidism, it is necessary to diagnose the disease.
To identify hypothyroidism is necessary to conduct a series of diagnostic measures.:
- examination of the patient, the study of family history,
- a blood test for thyroxine, thyrotropic hormone, triiodothyronine,
- biochemical blood test,
- Magnetic resonance imaging,
- ultrasound of the gland,
- x-ray examination.
For a detailed study, puncture prescribed fine needle biopsy, testing for the seizure of radioactive iodine and thyroid gland scintigraphy are prescribed.
Treatment of hypothyroidism involves the restoration of the level of thyroid hormones corresponding to the physiological needs. Depending on the course of the disease, the treatment can last for several months, years, and even for life.
The main methods of treating the disease are:
- etiotropic therapy aimed at eliminating the causes of the pathological functioning of the thyroid gland. The most common causes of malfunction of the gland are associated diseases: thyroiditis, inflammatory processes of the gland, pituitary, endemic goiter,
- replacement therapy, in which synthetic hormones replace thyroid. In some cases, appointed for life,
- symptomatic therapy, eliminating the symptoms of hypothyroidism, as well as contributing to the normal functioning of the thyroid gland,
- diet food. It is selected taking into account the minimization of products leading to cholesterol deposits and rich in fatty acids.
In extreme cases, an operation to remove the thyroid gland.
Removal of the thyroid gland is an extreme measure for the diagnosis of hypothyroidism..
The operation is assigned in cases:
- increase in goiter to the size that impedes the normal functioning of the trachea,
- insufficient treatment with conservative methods,
- the presence of tumor processes on the thyroid gland.
The operation is carried out to prevent the spread of adverse effects on neighboring organs.
Performing subtotal resection involves the elimination of endocrine, vascular, neurological health problems. If there is nodular hypothyroidism, surgical intervention is inevitable.
In addition, it is necessary to use Levortroxin for life to provide the body with thyroid hormone.
Substitution and symptomatic therapy is based on medication.
The main drugs that help to normalize and stimulate the normal operation of the thyroid gland are hormonal drugs - synthetic thyroid hormones. The duration and mode of reception of these funds is determined by the endocrinologist according to the results of clinical data.
Some funds are used as additional in the symptomatic course of the disease.
According to the doctor's indication may apply:
- iodine preparations. Assign when detecting endemic goiter
- glycosides for heart failure,
- vitamin complexes.
As an auxiliary therapy, treatment with folk remedies can significantly improve the functioning of the thyroid gland.
The most effective means of traditional medicine are products containing iodine.:
- sea kale,
- iodine agent with vinegar (a few drops during each meal),
- iodine mesh on the body.
Some healers recommend eating up to one kilogram of cucumbers daily in the summer to replenish your stock of iodine.