Physiotherapy is widely used in all branches of medicine. It is effective during the period of rehabilitation after diseases, helping to speed up the process of restoring the normal functioning of the body. Gynecologists prescribe useful physiotherapy sessions for patients with therapeutic, prophylactic purposes. Women are interested in whether it is possible to do physiotherapy during menstruation. The attending physician can accurately answer this question, assessing the condition of the body. This method of treatment will not disrupt the course of the menstrual cycle, but the doctor must be sure that there are no contraindications, so as not to cause complications.
Contraindications to physiotherapy
Physiotherapy is often used in gynecology to accelerate the process of getting rid of a certain disease, the recovery of the body. Despite the many positive reviews, the experience of leading doctors, there is a list of contraindications for the application of the procedure.
- The presence of a malignant tumor. At the same time the place of its localization does not matter.
- Heart diseases: angina pectoris, hypertension. Therapy is contraindicated if a woman has a pacemaker.
- Diseases of a mental nature in the acute stage.
- Skin diseases: dermatitis, eczema. Damage to the skin in places of direct exposure of the apparatus.
- Acute inflammatory processes.
- Increased temperature.
- Individual intolerance of the drugs used, electric current.
Pregnancy is not a complete contraindication for physiotherapy. The drug is prescribed by the doctor, choosing a tool that does not harm the developing child. Menstruation is also not all doctors consider a contraindication to the prescribed therapy. Each case requires an individual approach.
Electrophoresis and monthly
The use of electrophoresis during menstruation is approved by many doctors. They do not consider critical days as a clear contraindication for procedures. At the same time, there is a converse opinion, according to which conducting electrophoresis negatively affects the state of the organism. Increased uterine bleeding cannot be ruled out. Procedures performed with electric current can lead to hormonal disorders.
Before prescribing therapy during menstruation, the doctor examines patients, the necessary diagnosis. This allows you to assess the general condition of the body. Treatment has clear limitations for this period. If electrophoresis is performed during menstruation, the procedures exclude the use of vaginal sensors, electrodes. A gynecologist may consult a physician by a physiotherapist, undergoing a course of therapy or selecting other methods that do not adversely affect the body.
Among all methods of treatment, physiotherapy is good for endometritis. The doctor selects special drugs aimed at alleviating the condition of the woman. Electrophoresis with the addition of potassium iodide and calcium chloride helps. Physiotherapy procedures do not stop at the time of menstruation. Therapy is contraindicated for heavy discharge. Possible side effects - increased pain.
When asked about the choice of treatment method, the doctor will determine whether physiotherapy can be done during critical days. If possible, they are transferred until the end of menstruation.
Magnetotherapy and menstruation
The influence of the magnetic field has a beneficial effect on the woman's body. This method of treatment has proven effective in combating inflammatory diseases, adhesions, infertility.
The device has special nozzles that allow you to influence not only externally but also internally. Control takes place with the help of a computer, the physiotherapist alternates polarities during the session. The technique is prescribed during exacerbation of endometritis, colpitis, endocervitis. The magnetic impact is complemented by conservative treatment, and the woman feels relief much faster. At the same time, the period of taking medications is significantly reduced, the body does not experience a large load, it recovers faster.
As a rule, during the monthly method does not apply. The risk of bleeding increases. Treatment begins after the end of the critical days. Timely prescription of therapy helps a woman to get rid of many problems, to restore the health of the reproductive system. Magnetotherapy helps a woman carry a healthy baby.
Properly selected physiotherapy accelerates the process of recovery, the recovery of a woman after an illness. Medical electrophoresis, magnetic therapy in addition to conservative methods help to preserve women's health, and many will be able to realize the cherished dream, becoming a mother.
What is the procedure used in gynecology
For the treatment of diseases of the female reproductive system, tablets and suppositories are sometimes insufficient. In most cases, the cause of these ailments are anatomical disorders, therefore, requires a complex effect. Most often in gynecology electrophoresis is used. Thanks to the procedure, various medicines are introduced into the body through the skin, which do not harm the patient's gastrointestinal tract.
The advantages of this procedure are as follows:
- Medications enter the body in small doses, which minimizes the risk of side effects.
- Medicines administered during electrophoresis do not accumulate in one place, and also do not overload the stomach and blood.
- Drugs injected under the skin are distributed throughout the patient's body along with physiological fluids, due to which the therapeutic effect occurs faster.
- Means penetrate all affected areas, even in case of violation of blood microcirculation in the area of inflammation.
- Drugs enter the body in the form of ions, which increases their pharmacological activity.
- Saliva and gastric juice do not destroy the drug.
- Electric charges affect the entire body.
With this method of physiotherapy, you can get rid of various gynecological diseases. It is used in the following cases:
- Restoration of the fallopian tubes due to the effects of direct current on the tissue.
- Reduction of adhesions and improvement of the regeneration of organs in the postoperative period.
- Infertility, chronic pelvic disease, inflammation of the appendages.
- Recovery of the mucous membrane of the reproductive organ after abortions or miscarriages.
- Preparing the uterus for IVF.
To obtain the maximum effect, it is necessary to choose a solution with a medicine that is most suitable for treating a particular disease. For example, in gynecology, electrophoresis often uses solutions with lidaza, zinc, copper, magnesia, iodine, and dimexide. Each of these components has its own pharmacological properties and functions, so they are prescribed if there are certain indications.
Restrictions on the procedure
The impact of a constant electric current on the female body is so minimal that it does not deliver painful or unpleasant sensations to the fair sex. However, after conducting research, it turned out that after completing several sessions of physiotherapy in the treatment of inflammatory processes, pain, hyperemia, or tissue swelling may appear at the site of application of the electrodes. These signs are explained by the response of the patient's body area to treatment. In medicine, cases of allergic manifestations of the injected medications are described when redness of the skin, burning and itching at the site of attachment of the electrodes are observed. To avoid such complications, ampoule solutions of Suprastin, Dimedrol or hormonal drugs are administered. Physical therapy sessions resume in 2-3 weeks.
To strict contraindications to the use of electrophoresis include:
- chronic heart disease, burdened with rhythm disturbances and heart failure,
- oncological processes at any stage
- problems with blood formation (excessive blood clotting or increased bleeding),
- all types of cysts,
- appearance of polyps on the body and uterus before they are removed by surgery,
- recovery period after abortion,
- complications caused by diseases of the pelvic organs, leading to the appearance of purulent lesions,
- a number of skin diseases or damage to the skin at the points of contact with the electrodes,
- condylomas and papillomas.
Restrictions on the use of the method are also introduced in the following cases:
- gestation period
- lung disease,
- severe illnesses of the endocrine system,
- chronic gallstone or urolithiasis.
In addition, there are general contraindications to physiotherapy, caused by the peculiarities of the structure of the body:
- intolerance even weak electric current discharges,
- increased body temperature
- tuberculosis and any form of hepatitis,
- acute hepatic or renal failure,
- venereal diseases,
- drug or mental addiction.
Electrophoresis during pregnancy
Many drugs are not prescribed to women in the position to avoid miscarriage or abnormalities in the development of the fetus. Nevertheless, there are situations when electrophoresis acts as the safest way to introduce drugs into the body of a future mother without the risk of serious consequences for the fetus. Small doses of the drug, which are delivered directly to the organ in need of treatment, make the procedure optimal.
Using electrophoresis during pregnancy prevents:
- hypertonus of the uterus,
- preeclampsia and edema accompanying this condition
- threatened miscarriage.
To reduce the contractile ability of the reproductive organ, magnesia is used, which affects the walls of the vessels and muscles, which causes them to relax. The procedure reduces the susceptibility of the uterus to the hormone oxytocin, which is responsible for the contraction. The woman's blood pressure normalizes, the pain disappears, the risk of complications or miscarriage decreases.
Electrophoresis with papaverine also relieves spasms of blood vessels and muscles of internal organs, improves blood circulation and has a calming effect.
Eufillin during pregnancy should be used with great caution and only under the supervision of a physician, since it is considered a potent substance. The drug effectively copes with preeclampsia.
Physiotherapy can also be prescribed as a maintenance procedure. Electrodes are superimposed on the mucous membrane of the nose or the neck-collar area. With the help of currents in the body injected trace elements and vitamins.
In addition to generally accepted contraindications to the procedure, there are limitations for pregnant women, among which there are:
- the state of the fetus, which does not allow exposure to currents and drugs,
- impaired renal function and reduced blood clotting,
- late toxicosis and frequent retching.
What is electrophoresis
Medicine at the moment offers the population a huge number of different hardware techniques. But among all of them, the main place is occupied by such a procedure as electrophoresis. Consider what this procedure is about.
Electrophoresis is a procedure in which an electric current helps a drug to get into a damaged place in the body and contributes to its recovery: under the influence of an electric current generated by stationary electrodes, the drug molecules move directly to the area where their effect is necessary. Thus, the effectiveness of treatment increases significantly.
With this method, you can enter drugs with a small volume, and this reduces the possibility of side effects, and even more so in this way overdose can be avoided. The required dosage is prescribed by a physiotherapist. The largest amount of medication is in the place of its entry into the body.
For more than 100 years, people have been using this method, and therefore experts have gained a lot of experience in its implementation. Most electrophoresis is necessary in cases where the diseased organism is characterized by an inflammatory process. Electrophoresis is excellent in treating various neurological pathologies, it is also effective when you need to remove muscle spasms, and also accelerates circulation processes at the cellular level.
Let us examine how the electrophoresis procedure takes place.
The implementation of this method of treatment does not constitute a complex system. By following simple rules, a specialist can achieve results in the smallest number of sessions. There are such ways of carrying out this procedure:
- A “bath” is a method that carries the following procedure: a sore part of the human body is placed in a special vessel where the treatment solution and electrolyte are located.
- Interstitial treatment is one of the most effective methods. Medicinal substances are injected with the help of electrodes, directly inside. The electrodes are constantly affected by electrical current, and this contributes to the rapid absorption of the drug. But the special nozzles, which are equipped with electric current, are placed on problem areas of the skin and body. Thus, with the help of an electric current, the medicinal substance falls into the required place.
- The most common practice in medical practice is such a technique as galvanic electrophoresis. When carrying out such a procedure, special pads are placed on the skin of a sick person, which are impregnated with a medicinal substance. After that, the drug enters the body under the influence of electrodes. They create a concentration of a substance that spreads through all tissues.
The peculiarity of electrophoresis during menstruation
Electrophoresis during menstruation is a difficult question, but we will try to answer it most easily.
To begin with, we will determine in what cases it is impossible to carry out the electrophoresis procedure:
- This treatment should not be prescribed to people with various heart conditions that are characterized by intermittent rhythm or heart failure,
- This treatment should not be given to people with diseases such as complex lung diseases, which are directly related to the fact that the alveoli have a low oxygen level,
- you should not choose electrophoresis treatment for people who have experienced asthma, as well as tuberculosis,
- People who have any cancer can not be treated using methods that involve thermal procedures.
- It is not worth for people who have weak blood vessels and a tendency to bleeding to attend thermal procedures, because this only leads to a large volume of blood released. The same rule applies to women during their period.
Absolutely all the physical effects on the pelvic area, which occur during menstruation in women, are contraindicated. This contributes to the fact that bleeding can increase, and there is also the possibility that hormonal disruptions will occur. Some doctors claim that there have been cases where menstruation in women has increased after the electrophoresis procedure, and the duration of this period has increased.
Advantages of electrophoresis
The advantages of this type of therapy are many:
- Medications are administered in small doses, which significantly reduces the risk of side effects.
- The drug, injected under the skin by electrodes, is distributed throughout the body with physiological fluids, because of this, the therapeutic effect increases over time.
- The medicine passes into the body in the form of ions, and this is the most active form of the substance.
- The drug administered with physio accumulates in a certain place, without overloading the blood and stomach with concentration.
- The drug penetrates the lesion sites, even if the microcirculation of blood at the site of inflammation is impaired.
- The drug is not destroyed by saliva and gastric juices.
- Charges of electric current have a positive effect on the entire body.
Contraindications to the procedures
You can not conduct physiotherapy, if you have:
- Malignant tumors. It does not matter where they are located.
- Some of the types of heart disease.
- Acute inflammation.
- Skin diseases such as eczema or dermatitis.
- Skin lesions in areas where electrodes are to be applied.
- Allergic reactions to the action of current or injected drug.
And also with great care should be carried out physio during pregnancy.
Physiotherapy and menstruation: to do or not?
There are actually no contraindications for procedures during menstruation. Physiotherapy drugs pass under the skin no more than 1 centimeter, and they cannot intensify uterine bleeding, and menstrual pains are in no way connected with the procedure.
But there are some limitations. Several times a month, it is impossible to influence the pelvic area, it is best to refuse, on the advice of doctors, from any thermal procedures, primarily from vaginal sensors and electrodes. If you make physio in the pelvic area during menstruation, then there is a risk of hormonal disorders and increased bleeding.
Physical therapy is good for the chronic form of endometritis, if combined with the right medication, it can stop the torment altogether. To restore thin endometrium and restore hormonal balance effective procedures such as:
- electrophoresis with potassium iodide and calcium chloride,
- magnetic therapy to avoid the appearance of adhesions.
Such physiotherapy can be done with menstruation, unless endometritis is accompanied by copious secretions, but it is worth remembering that it can increase pain.
Other types of physiotherapy
Laser therapy is the effect of laser light on a specific part of the body, used in various branches of medicine:
- in neurology,
- in pulmonology,
- in dermatology,
- in cardiology,
- in otolaryngology,
- in dentistry,
- in gynecology.
With menstruation, laser therapy cannot be performed only in case of heavy bleeding.
Amplipulse is electrostimulation, it passes at intervals during which relaxation or electrosleep occurs. Amplipulse therapy can also be performed during menstruation, only if the discharge is not very abundant.
Most often, doctors do not want to carry out procedures during menstruation due to the fact that the pain and complaints from the patient may increase, while it does not carry any danger to the body. But if you are still afraid of treatment during menstruation, it would be better to start treatment on the 5th or 7th day of the cycle, then the course of therapy will end by the beginning of the next menstruation. If for any reason there is a break in treatment and lasts for more than 3 days, then further procedures will not have any effect on the body, then it is better to stop the procedure and start the procedure again after 2 months.
Physiotherapy for men and children
Most people talk about women and gynecology problems, but what about the stronger sex? Electrophoresis is also used for prostatitis. The most effective types are galvanization and drug electrophoresis.
Electrophoresis can be done even for babies. And this is not at all scary and not painful, on the contrary, it is very useful. The medicine immediately goes to the right organ, and you can do without painful pricks and complications after taking the pills.
Children scream or even cry during the procedure, which is very scary mummies, but this is just because the kids are afraid of an unfamiliar apparatus. The most unpleasant sensations for a child may be cold plates of the apparatus, cold napkins with medicine or a slight tingling from touching the electrodes, but not more. Even for the smallest child, this procedure is safe.
Basic physical principles of the influence of the method on the health of a woman
Therapeutic electrophoresis is based on the physical principle of exposure to the affected organs and tissues of small direct current values. Electric particles have a positive effect on the work of the cell, increase metabolic processes in the tissues, and promote regeneration.
In addition to direct effects on the body, electrical particles contribute to the penetration into the cells of organs and systems of a wide variety of drugs. Such an introduction of therapeutic ingredients is considered the safest, although it is inferior in effectiveness to traditional injections or tablets. For example, electrophoresis with lidazy (with monthly it can be done) can help set up the body to conceive.
Medicines enter through the skin glands and interstitial space in the form of positively or negatively charged particles. The drug accumulates in the subcutaneous fat and within 2 to 3 days along with the blood is spread throughout the woman's body.
Since the absorption of a therapeutic agent is prolonged, directly on the body affects from 5% to 20% of the injected substance. Given this feature, it is proposed to increase the amount of medication on the fabric pads of the electrophoresis apparatus.
Another way to enhance the effect of this technique is to apply the electrodes directly to the affected part of the body or the diseased organ as far as possible. Due to the accumulation effect, it is possible to increase the maximum allowable dose of the medicine without harmful consequences for the health of the patient.
It should be noted another positive side of this method of physiotherapy. If drugs enter the tissues using electrodes, they, unlike tablets and capsules, do not enter the gastrointestinal tract, which significantly reduces the risk of allergic reactions and problems with the stomach and intestines.
How does electrophoresis
Purpose of the procedure for treatment
This physiotherapeutic technique has been used in the treatment of various diseases for more than 100 years; therefore, experts have gained much experience in its implementation. First of all, electrophoresis is good for various inflammatory processes.
The method of exposure to direct current copes with local and general inflammation of tissues, reduces swelling and, therefore, reduces the strength of the pain syndrome. This is due to the increased metabolic processes in the cells of the affected areas and the stabilization of the work of the blood vessels in these places.
Electrophoresis perfectly helps with various neurological pathologies, removing muscle spasm, enhancing microcirculation processes at the cellular level. With various injuries involving tissue damage, this treatment method can accelerate regeneration processes by more than 50%.
When a patient has a question whether electrophoresis can be done during menstruation, the specialist should explain to the woman all the positive aspects of this procedure and its effect on the hormonal support of the female body during this period.
How is the procedure
The mechanism of therapeutic electrophoresis is quite simple. Subject to certain rules, the specialist will be able to achieve the desired result in the minimum number of sessions, and without any discomfort from the patient.
There are several ways to introduce medicinal substances into a woman’s body with the help of electric current. Here are some of them:
- “Bath” procedure involves the immersion of the sick part of the body in a special medical vessel with electrodes and therapeutic solution. The direct current supplied to the electrodes facilitates the quickest absorption of the medicine into the patient's arm or leg.
- Good effect can be obtained when using interstitial method of treatment. The drug is injected in the traditional way into the patient's body, and special electric tips are placed on the skin of the problem area of the body. Electric current attracts the drug to the right place.
- The main method is galvanic electrophoresis. At the same time on the skin of the patient impose the cloth pads moistened in the medicinal solution. With the help of electrodes, a special electric field is created, which enhances the absorption of medicinal substances in a specific place and creates a concentration of the drug in the entire thickness of the tissues.
When they ask themselves whether electrophoresis is done during menstruation, they usually mean the cavity method of this manipulation. Its essence lies in the fact that one electrode with solutions of drugs impose on the patient's body surface, and the second is introduced into various cavities, for example, in the rectum or vagina.
Of course, if a woman began to bleed monthly, there is no need to speak of any therapeutic procedures of this kind. In addition, any effects on the pelvic organs to reduce menstrual pain are contraindicated.
See the video on the procedure:
Possible side effects of the method
After a series of studies, it was noted that if the procedure is recommended for patients with inflammatory processes, then after several sessions, tissue edema, hyperemia and soreness may occur at the site of application of the electrodes. Such manifestations are explained by the reaction of this part of the body of a sick woman to the treatment being performed.
However, in the medical literature described cases of an allergic reaction to injected drugs. In such situations, in women it is possible to observe redness of the skin, itching and burning in the place where the electrodes are applied.
For the relief of such complications, it is enough to administer ampoule solutions of “Dimedrol”, “Suprastin” or hormonal preparations. Physiotherapy sessions can be continued no earlier than in 2–3 weeks.
Absolute and relative contraindications to the use of electrophoresis
With regard to contraindications for the application of electrophoresis, in the modern medical literature they are described quite clearly. These include:
- Various chronic heart diseases, burdened with heart failure and rhythm disturbances.
- Chronic lung disease associated with decreased oxygen uptake in the alveoli. Electrophoresis is not recommended for bronchial asthma, tuberculosis, chronic volume processes in the lungs.
- Any oncological processes, regardless of the stage, are also a contraindication for the use of physiotherapeutic methods of treatment.
- Electrophoresis is not recommended for problems with blood formation in patients. Excessive thickening of the blood or bleeding is equally dangerous when administering drugs through the skin with electric current.
In addition to the above, you should not conduct similar treatment sessions if patients have various skin diseases, there are injuries to the skin at the point of contact of the body with the electrodes. The literature even states such an original reason for refusing electrophoresis, as the woman’s intolerance of electric current.
In any case, the physical effects on the body, and especially in women during menstruation, should be negotiated with the attending physician and carried out under appropriate control.
We recommend reading an article about acupuncture for menstruation. From it you will learn about the indications for the procedure, the effectiveness of acupuncture, contraindications, as well as the possibility of therapy for menstruation.
Related and Recommended Questions
Alexander Borisovich, please comment on the answer: Her answer:
Elena Viktorovna Molchanova
On this page:http://03online.com/news/fizioterapiya_pri_temperature/2014-5-15-21831
What if I have a similar, but different question?
If you did not find the necessary information among the answers to this question, or your problem is slightly different from the one presented, try asking the doctor a further question on this page if it is on the main question. You can also ask a new question, and after a while our doctors will answer it. It's free. You can also search for the necessary information in similar questions on this page or through the site search page. We will be very grateful if you recommend us to your friends on social networks.
Medportal 03online.com carries out medical consultations in the mode of correspondence with doctors on the site. Here you get answers from real practitioners in your field. Currently, the site provides advice on 45 areas: allergist, venereologist, gastroenterologist, hematologist, geneticist, gynecologist, homeopath, dermatologist, pediatric gynecologist, pediatric neurologist, pediatric neurologist, pediatric endocrinologist, dietician, immunologist, infectiologist, pediatric neurologist, pediatric surgeon, pediatric endocrinologist, nutritionist, immunologist, infectiologist, pediatric neurologist, gynecologist, pediatrician, gynecologist speech therapist, Laura, mammologist, medical lawyer, narcologist, neuropathologist, neurosurgeon, nephrologist, oncologist, oncologist, orthopedic surgeon, ophthalmologist, pediatrician, plastic surgeon, proctologist, Psychiatrist, psychologist, pulmonologist, rheumatologist, sexologist-andrologist, dentist, urologist, pharmacist, phytotherapeutist, phlebologist, surgeon, endocrinologist.
We answer 95.24% of questions.
Treatment during menstruation in women
Many doctors tend to refuse to carry out procedures during menstruation,
although such a state is not an absolute contraindication for electrophoresis. Bleeding, which is normal during menstruation, is not caused by an acute or purulent disease. When the treatment does not directly affect the area of the uterus or ovaries, there is no contact of the electrodes with damaged mucous membranes.
If the procedure is carried out through the skin, the penetration of active substances into the tissue occurs to a depth of no more than one centimeter. That should not cause increased bleeding or pain in a healthy body.
Another thing is that during physiotherapy, the discomfort caused by the physiological state or some pathologies in the woman's body may increase. Therefore, doctors do not prescribe physiotherapy during menstruation, if we are talking about the treatment of gynecological diseases, especially the ovaries.
In other cases, the decision is made jointly by the physician physician and gynecologist, taking into account the individual reactions of the patient. After all, more than a three-day break in the conduct of a cycle of procedures is critical, capable of canceling the result already achieved.
Electrophoresis in gynecology
In gynecology, various types of physiotherapy, in particular electrophoresis, are used both to treat inflammatory diseases and to relieve some pain syndromes, such as algomenorrhea (painful menstruation) or adhesions in the pelvis.
Various substances are used for exposure, such as iodine, magnesia, papaverine, aminophylline and some others, which are administered both through the skin and through mucous membranes, depending on the diagnosis.
Painful periods are usually expressed in the appearance of aching pain in the lower abdomen, which occur one to two days before the onset of menstruation and disappear after a while. The causes may be different, both purely psychological and related to inflammatory diseases of the ovaries or other appendages. But in any case, the appearance of pain is associated with uterine contraction and spasm of blood vessels.
Drug treatment depends on the results of diagnosis, which allow to identify the true cause of pain. But physiotherapy procedures are aimed just at the removal of pain and spasm. For this purpose, electrophoresis is prescribed on the lower abdomen with novocaine. As a rule, 6-8 sessions are held. They are assigned in such a way as to complete the procedures at the beginning of the cycle.
The most common diseases of the female reproductive system are various inflammations, which are most often caused by hypothermia or infection by the vagina. In any case, an acute inflammatory disease occurs that requires treatment.
Since such a condition, and even accompanied by an increase in body temperature, is a contraindication for the use of electrophoresis, physiotherapy is prescribed after relieving acute inflammation to consolidate the effect. As a rule, iodine compounds are used as the active substance. This element allows not only to relieve inflammation, but also has a positive effect on the endocrine system, normalizes the functions of the ovaries, thyroid and pituitary.
Sometimes, with long-term neglect or incomplete treatment of inflammations, adhesions occur in the pelvis, which leads to pain in the lower abdomen, which cannot be removed with the help of painkillers. In this situation, electrophoresis with magnesium, calcium or zinc is also shown. Novocaine is used to relieve pain.
Pregnancy and physiotherapy
Pregnancy is a special condition of the body. It is characterized by a ban on the use of many medications, the use of which can cause the occurrence of various abnormalities in the fetus or even cause an abortion. Abuse of certain drugs, such as aminophylline, also not worth it.
However, there are a number of conditions when electrophoresis is for pregnant women the safest way to introduce drugs into the body, without the risk of a negative impact on the prenatal development of the child. Yes, and small doses of the active component delivered directly to the body in need of them, make this procedure more preferable than traditional tablets or injections.
Among the conditions that are adjusted by electrophoresis during pregnancy, we can distinguish:
- hypertonus of the uterus,
- the threat of preterm birth
- preeclampsia and its accompanying edema.
Also, electrophoresis can be assigned as part of supporting procedures. In this case, the electrodes are not superimposed on the abdominal area, but on the neck-collar area or the nasal mucosa by acting on which you can get a reaction from the female genital organs. In this case, vitamins or microelements are introduced using electric currents.
To reduce the tone of the uterus using magnesium preparations, in particular magnesia. This drug affects the muscles and vascular walls of the uterus, causing them to relax. In addition, the susceptibility of this organ to oxytocin, a hormone that causes contractions, decreases. А значит снизить риск выкидыша или иного осложнения, вызванного таким состоянием организма матери.The woman loses pain, normal pressure, which also has a positive effect on the course of pregnancy.
Electrophoresis with papaverine or suppositories containing this drug is also often prescribed to relieve vascular spasms and smooth muscles of the internal organs. Other useful properties include improved blood supply and a light sedative effect. As a side effect, drowsiness and pressure reduction are possible.
But aminophylline, during pregnancy can be used with caution and always under the supervision of a physician. Despite the fact that this drug shows excellent results in preeclampsia, as well as a small amount that gets into the tissues of the future mother from the electrodes, you should not forget that this is a potent agent.
You can use aminophylline if the health benefits of a woman are certain and the risk of a negative impact on the fetus is minimal.
For pregnant women, in addition to the generally accepted ones, there are additional contraindications for performing physical procedures:
- condition of the fetus, excluding the effects of currents and drugs,
- a bleeding disorder that can cause internal bleeding,
- renal impairment,
- late toxicosis, accompanied by convulsions (eclampsia),
- frequent vomiting.
Yes, and in all conditions, it is worth remembering that electrophoresis is a medical procedure. Therefore, the appointment can be made only by a qualified specialist who assesses all the risks and takes into account both general contraindications and individual characteristics and reactions of each patient.
Indications and contraindications
The main rule of physiotherapy treatment is its use in combination with traditional therapy. Physical factors are not allowed to be treated at the time of exacerbation of the disease. First, eliminate the cause of inflammation, stop the symptoms of the disease. Physical therapy helps speed up the healing process at the final stage of treatment. It is often used during periods of remission of chronic diseases to reduce the severity of exacerbations and reduce the frequency of relapses.
General contraindications to physiotherapy are the following states:
- purulent inflammation
- malignant tumors
- reduced blood clotting,
- taking drugs that affect blood thinning
- hypertonic disease,
- heart disease,
- installed pacemaker,
- active tuberculosis,
- acute disorders of the nervous system,
- dermatological diseases.
You can not treat any of the methods in the presence of specific contraindications. Otherwise, there is a risk of complications.
Physical therapy for menstruation can lead to increased pain, but is not its root cause. Electrophoresis is used to relieve painful periods. For this purpose, pads soaked with novocaine are superimposed on the lower abdomen. In this case, the course will need six to eight sessions. Ways of physiotherapy:
- bath method
- galvanophoresis (used more often than others).
In the treatment of pathological conditions in gynecology, electrophoresis is prescribed on the fifth or seventh day of the menstrual cycle, that is, approximately one week after the onset of bleeding. The number of sessions is an average of 10 procedures. During the course of therapy, no breaks should be taken, the medicine should affect the site of inflammation constantly, despite the creation of a depot in the tissues.
However, in people with weak blood vessels and a tendency to develop bleeding, electrophoresis can lead to an increase in blood volume. Bleeding will become more intense, and an increase in vasospasm will trigger the onset of pain. In some cases, this can lead to lengthening of the monthly period.
The laser is used in a number of inflammatory diseases (oophoritis, vaginitis, endometritis, inflammation of the appendages). It is used after surgery on the uterus, bleeding, infertility. The advantage of this treatment is the focus of action, the choice of wavelength, depending on the evidence. With it, you can directly affect the lesion, the projection on the skin, acupuncture points.
Under the influence of a laser, the severity of pain is relieved, the blood circulation normalizes, the restoration process proceeds faster, the immunity rises and the inflammation process is eliminated. Laser treatment is not performed for gynecological pathologies in the acute stage, ovarian cyst, extensive endometriosis. Benefits of laser therapy:
- method safety
- no contraindications
- the possibility of alternation with other types of physiotherapy,
- can be used for both treatment and prevention of diseases.
Laser treatment is carried out with courses that can be carried out once or several times a month. In gynecology, lasers of ultrahigh and low frequency are used.
The exposure to ultra high frequency current provides a warming effect, which is used to treat adnexitis, salpingitis. Especially often the technique is used to treat diseases in the chronic stage. UHF promotes blood flow to the site of inflammation, has an analgesic effect. In addition, in the process of treatment, the immune system cells are stimulated. During therapy, the process of tissue regeneration is accelerated, local immunity is activated. Under the influence of electromagnetic fields in the body, the following changes occur:
- swelling is eliminated,
- stimulates the peripheral and central circulation,
- pain threshold decreases,
- stopping the process of inflammation.
The features of UHF-therapy is to limit the use to two times a year.
The effectiveness of the procedures is influenced by the duration of treatment, the degree of severity of the disease, the combination of therapies, the individual response of the patient.
Before going through any procedures during menstruation, you need to consult with a physiotherapist. Also important is the well-being of women these days. In the absence of menstruation, their delay, you must first eliminate the cause of the pathology, then begin the course of treatment. The best time for physiotherapy is the first half of the cycle.
The advantages and disadvantages of physiotherapy
Of course, any treatment has its advantages and disadvantages.
Let's start with the pros:
- Simplicity. Physical therapy departments exist in almost every hospital or clinic, many have home physiotherapy equipment.
- High efficiency, especially with proper and timely appointment of complex procedures.
- Painlessness Many patients are worried about whether it is painful or not to do physiotherapy. We hasten to reassure: it does not hurt at all, and sometimes even pleasantly.
- A large enough list of contraindications.
- Physiotherapy is not the main method of treatment, it can only be used as an adjuvant therapy.
- It is necessary to carry out procedures regularly and methodically. For this, you often have to travel to a medical facility and spend a lot of time there.
UHF and EHF-therapy
These are types of therapy with electromagnetic fields of various frequencies.
- The main effect of UHF is a warming effect, widely used in the treatment of inflammatory diseases: adnexitis, salpingitis, especially in chronic course. Heat relieves pain and improves blood flow to the affected area.
- The main effect of EHF is the stimulation of cells of the immune system. When exposed to EHF, the processes of healing and tissue repair are enhanced, and the local immunity of the female genital sphere is activated.
Pulse Current Treatment
In gynecology, cervical electrostimulation is most commonly used. The essence of the technique lies in the fact that special electrodes are connected to the neck, through which electrical impulses are given at regular intervals.
This causes the activation of feedback regulation of the genital organs - the hypothalamus and pituitary. This technique is used for:
- Cycle disruptions
- Infertility with weak ovarian function,
- Early menopause
- Uterine hypoplasia,
- Preparation and stimulation of labor
- Weakness of labor.
The main effect of physiotherapy ultrasound is micromassage. The wave causes microvibrations in the tissues, which improve:
- Blood flow and microcirculation.
- Reduces swelling of tissues and stimulates the outflow of fluid from the source of inflammation.
- It has anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect.
- The most beneficial effect of ultrasound is antispak action. It is very important for the prevention of adhesions after acute inflammatory processes or operations. The ideal is a combination of ultrasound and electrophoresis with lidzoy in the postoperative period - as prevention of adhesive processes.
Ultrasound physiotherapy in gynecology is performed very simply - special sensors are applied and driven by them on the lower abdomen or the mammary gland for about 10 minutes for 5-10 days. There are special vaginal attachments for ultrasound machines.
Various water activities are not only pleasant, but also very useful procedures:
- Shower charcot
- Circular shower
- Different types of baths - conifer-pearl, mineral, turpentine.
These common water treatments soothe the nervous system, normalize sleep, activate blood circulation processes, and help fight edema. These effects are very important in pregnant women and women in menopause.
Local water treatments are various vaginal showers and baths. For them, medicinal mineral waters and various solutions of medicines are used. Such local procedures are effective for various vaginitis and cervical diseases.
Therapeutic mud has long been used to treat female diseases. In tsarist Russia and the Soviet Union, mud baths were created specifically for the treatment of female ailments - Kislovodsk, Saki and others. The mud contains a large amount of nutrients, minerals and bioactivators that penetrate into the fabric when using the mud.
In gynecology, mud tampons and lotions on the cervix, vulva in their inflammatory diseases are widely used. You can also use mud applications externally - on the skin in the projection of the ovaries and uterus. This is especially effective in combination with other methods of physiotherapy - thermal procedures, electrophoresis and ultrasound.