Each of the women had a suspicion that she was pregnant and the main reason to think about it was the delay of menstruation. As a rule, a pregnancy test is bought after that, which can show a result.
The test may not always show the truth, so it is important to understand why a woman is sick, the test shows a negative result, and there is a delay in menstruation.
Definition of pregnancy
To determine the conception and the onset of pregnancy, it is important to know the main factors:
- Menstruation begins to linger.
- There is pain in the lower part of the abdominal cavity, with a pulling character, which may radiate to the lower back.
- Occurs frequent urge to urinate.
- Chest hurts and grows.
- Sharply changing mood and eating habits.
- Nausea, vomiting, especially in the morning and after a meal.
After the onset of symptoms, women often use pregnancy tests to determine the condition, but not always the results are positive.
If nausea occurs in the morning, the head begins to spin and fast fatigue and toxicosis occur, then most often these are symptoms of pregnancy.
In this condition, many women are tested by buying a pregnancy test, but the result may be negative. Causes may be hiding in various factors:
- Defective test. If after checking the result is negative, then the cause may be an incorrect operation or just a test with an expired shelf life. It is recommended to buy a few more tests, and then carry out any analysis. If there is a delay in menstruation without other symptoms, then the test should be used not only on the first day of the delay, but also after 5-6 days.
- Conducting ultrasound. If a woman is sick and is suspected of pregnancy, then an ultrasound scan should be performed, which can accurately show the conception.
- Ectopic pregnancy. If the delay in menstruation lasts for 4-5 days, while the result for the test is negative, and additional discomfort appears in the form of abdominal pain, vaginal discharge, then the cause may be an ectopic pregnancy. In this case, you only need the help of doctors who can establish the diagnosis.
- The sensitivity of the test. In some cases, the test may be negative because its sensitivity is very low. Some show results already from 4-5 weeks of the term, while others will not display the result even after 10 weeks.
Often in the early stages of pregnancy, the test may not show a positive result, but it will be negative, because there are not enough pregnancy hormones in the urine.
In medical practice, there is such a thing as a false pregnancy, which is caused by psychological factors.
In this case, the person makes the body believe that there is a fetus inside, nausea appears, there may be a delay in menstruation, but in fact there is no child and this is a banal self-suggestion.
If there are major factors that exist during pregnancy, but the test is negative, then it is recommended to undergo an additional examination by a doctor and also pass the appropriate tests.
To determine the doctor enough to conduct an ultrasound and get the results of a general blood test.
In the analyzes there should be a reduction and increase in various indicators, but the most important thing is the appearance of the pregnancy hormone, which allows you to determine the cause of the delay in menses, why nausea and other symptoms appear.
Ultrasound can show the fetus, starting only after the second week from the moment of conception, and in some cases the result will not be until one month.
The human body is complex and all organs and processes are closely related to each other.
Often, women have a negative test, while there are characteristic states, like during pregnancy, for example, nausea appears, and menstruation begins.
In this case, the cause may be various diseases and abnormalities in the work of internal organs.
If after the onset of the disease there is a delay in menstruation, then more often there are additional symptoms that manifest themselves in abnormal stool, flatulence, and pain of a different nature.
In this case, you can not think about pregnancy and you need to take care of your health.
To do this, you should contact your gastroenterologist, therapist or gynecologist for diagnosis and to prescribe the correct treatment.
The reasons why, after the test, the result is negative and there is a delay in menses, include:
- Frequent stress and depression. This condition affects menstruation, especially if psychological disruptions occur very often. In this case, the body is tense, and there are strong changes. Nausea, weakness can be added to the main symptoms, the head starts to ache and feel dizzy, and also the interest in life disappears.
- Appendicitis. Delayed menstruation and nausea often appear when an inflammation of the appendix occurs, but in this case, after inflammation, pain is observed in the navel area, after which it passes into the right side of the abdomen and the temperature may increase. Treatment will require operable intervention, otherwise there may be an appendix rupture and complications begin.
- Climax. A similar condition appears in women over 35, but may be much later. This condition is characterized not by the delay of menstruation, but by their complete absence. In some menstruation disappears for 1 or more months, after which it appears. This condition during menopause is constantly changing, because the body is rebuilt.
- Anemia. With this pathology, the rate of hemoglobin decreases, after which the body retains blood and there is a delay in menstruation. Even if menstruation begins, the selection will be small, and the color is different from the norm.
- Lack of weight. If the body weight is sharply reduced or increased, then an imbalance of hormones occurs. With excess weight, women may have a delay of several weeks as a result of the accumulation of estrogen. With a lack of body weight or mark less than 45 kg, menstruation may stop altogether.
- Intoxication and diseases. Various kinds of diseases, bad habits become the cause, after which the normal work of the female body is disturbed, the test becomes negative, although there is nausea and other signs of pregnancy. To restore the condition you need to use the correct treatment, diuretic drugs, as well as antidepressants.
- The use of hormones. Often, after consuming contraceptives, women experience malfunctions in the body. As a rule, problems appear after stopping the use of hormone pills. In such a case, the patients feel sick, vaginal discharge appears.
- Inflammatory processes. Any inflammatory process in women can change the cycle of menstruation, but there are several main provocateurs: thrush, streptococcus, staphylococcus and others. If the inflammatory process appears on the ovaries, then a fever in the stool appears in women, often nauseous, there is pain in the lower abdomen, various discharges appear, the temperature increases, menstruation is delayed, and sterility may occur.
- Cystitis. This disease affects the work of the ovaries, general changes in the woman's body begin. The deposition of menstruation in this case may be a few days or a few weeks. Even after recovery and rehabilitation therapy, normalization of the cycle may not occur.
- Pituitary adenoma. With such a diagnosis, noticeable changes begin, many women have facial features, bite, nose grows, but the very first thing is the failure of menstruation. A lot of rash appears on the face, a headache begins, and fatigue and weakness appear.
- Ovarian cyst. Delays in this case can be for one week or more, although uterine bleeding is possible. Patients begin to develop nausea, cycle delays, and body temperature rises.
If there is no positive result after passing a pregnancy test, then the reason may be hiding not in the unfortunate conception, but in the described pathological processes.
For any long-term delay, it is recommended to consult a doctor for due diligence and to establish an accurate diagnosis.
As you can see, there are a lot of reasons for the long delay of menstruation and they all differ in nature. Often, doctors may resort to treatment with hormonal drugs, which include contraceptives or progestogens.
There are several methods that are used to treat infertility in women. In this case, the main task is to normalize and stimulate ovulation.
To date, there is no single opinion on the time of therapy. Opinions of doctors also diverge on the start of operable intervention in certain cases.
If the doctor diagnosed a pituitary tumor, the treatment may be different. Therapy is carried out based on the size of the tumors, as well as the hormonal functions of the patient.
If the level of prolactin is above 500 ng / ml, then drugs are used, if the rate is lower, then surgical intervention is needed.
In those cases when the stopping or delay of menstruation is not caused by pathologies, it is enough to correct the daily regimen, habits and nutrition for treating and restoring the cycle.
Doctors can help eliminate the underlying cause. With strong thin women use special balanced diets to gain the desired weight.
If you are overweight, you need to remove fatty foods from the daily menu, as well as carbohydrates, which are easily and quickly absorbed. For assistance using the services of a nutritionist.
In the case of a psychological disorder, frequent stress you need to go to a psychiatrist to normalize the cycle.
It is recommended to abandon addiction, start eating right, as well as observe the daily regimen, and eliminate experiences. Only so will the result in the recovery process.
In some cases, acupuncture treatment can be performed, but the result does not always appear. If monthly deposits occur within 2-3 days, then there should be no reason for panic.
It is enough to do a few tests, then wait a couple of days. It is considered a norm if the cycle gets off for a week, but if the period is more than 7 days, then the help of doctors is needed.
With the onset of sexual activity, a woman usually begins to track her periods and, as a rule, keeps a calendar. Now there are a large number of applications for the phone, where you can track the day of ovulation, the period of the highest probability of conception and the period of the next month. In the middle of the cycle, ovulation occurs in the ovary, and later a yellow body forms.
The most favorable time for conception is 2 days before ovulation and a day after. Spermatozoa live in the genital tract for two days and then, if not fertilized, die, so unprotected sex is most dangerous in the period before and during ovulation.
If the test is positive, then all questions about the delay are removed. It is necessary to pay attention to the reasons for the delay in menstruation with a negative test or a weakly positive result.
First, you need to carefully look at the test to check for the shadow of the second bar. In case there is a shadow, it is better to repeat the test the next morning. This is necessary because the concentration of the hormone chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), which is released during pregnancy, increases, because the urine overnight concentrates and the content of components in it increases.
Secondly, in controversial situations, it is recommended to use different types of tests in order to eliminate the error and defective products. As a rule, the more expensive the test, the more modern and accurate it is. Some tests determine pregnancy from the first days of conception.
For any test result, you can do a pelvic ultrasound or blood test for hCG to determine the exact duration of pregnancy or its absence. These procedures will help the gynecologist to accurately explain the reasons for the delay of menstruation.
Norm and pathology of the menstrual cycle
The menstrual cycle is counted from the first day of menstruation to the first day of the next, normally it is 21-35 days. Menstruation itself lasts 3-7 days. During this period there is a restructuring of the body under the action of various hormones. Variations in the cycle up to 5 days are permissible, and if with a negative test the delay lasts longer than this time, you should contact a specialist.
Pathological causes of delayed menses
- violation of the relationship between the central nervous system and the functioning of the genitals. It happens during the occupation of professional sports, stress, a sharp decrease in body weight, obesity, false pregnancy, polycystic ovary syndrome, the use of the drug Danazol and some neuroleptics,
- thyroid dysfunction,
- premature ovarian exhaustion,
- pathology of the uterus (most often it is endometritis, which manifests itself in the form of abdominal pain).
Hormones and their effects on the female body
During a normal menstrual cycle, a woman changes estrogen to progesterone. This process is regulated by various hormones, not only the ovaries and the corpus luteum, but also the thyroid gland and the adrenal cortex. Consider the most important.
During the absence of menstruation, a lot of prolactin is produced, it is produced in the brain, in the pituitary gland. Increasing this hormone causes nausea, vomiting, headaches, breast engorgement, bloating, diarrhea, and more. This whole complex of symptoms is not always a sign of pregnancy, but may be a premenstrual syndrome (PMS). In addition, increased prolactin is found in a pituitary tumor - prolactinoma, which is often the cause of infertility.
Nausea is the most common symptom of delay, but it also occurs in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract: reflux esophagitis, gastritis, gastric ulcer, pancreatitis, cholecystitis, etc. Therefore, you may have a combination of disorders of the uterus and ovaries with stomach disease.
Perhaps it is not clear why there is a delay in regulation due to stress. Modern women are daily in emotional stress, be it nervous work, exams or domestic problems. By the way, air travel and climate change, when we go to rest abroad and enjoy the impressions, is also perceived by our body as stress. When exposed to any adverse factors, adrenaline is released, which is produced by the adrenal glands. It inhibits the function of the ovaries, protecting the woman from pregnancy - so the body kind of warns that now is not the right time to bear the fetus. This causes the failure of the menstrual cycle.
As a rule, after a delay the monthly painful and abundant. This is because for a longer time the internal mucous membrane of the uterus, which is rejected during menstruation, becomes thicker. And in order to push out a large amount of tissue, the uterus needs to shrink more. The woman feels these cuts in the form of a cramping, pulling pain in the lower abdomen. That is why the bleeding will be more abundant and with clots.
Delay of menstruation is always a cause for concern, you need to listen to your feelings. Even if you are not planning a pregnancy, it is important to understand the cause of this condition. Try to note all the changes, collect the tests and consult a doctor for a competent solution of the problem - perhaps, the selection of hormonal contraception in order to correct the menstrual cycle. Our body like a clock - should not give menstrual failure without a reason.
Causes of Delayed Monthly, Nausea, and Negative Test
In women of reproductive age, the incidence associated with menstrual function increases annually according to statistics.
The most common problem encountered by modern women is the delay in menstruation, and the pregnancy test is often negative.
The whole body reacts to violations of the menstrual cycle, and this is manifested by a worsening of well-being in the form of headache, nausea, vomiting, abdominal distention, intestinal upset and many other symptoms.
Nausea before the delay of menses: the reasons for this state
One of the most frequent conditions before the delay of the menstrual cycle is nausea. The degree of manifestation is different, someone practically does not notice it, but for someone this symptom comes to vomiting. Nausea before the delay of menstruation can be a natural occurrence, the first symptom of pregnancy, or signal violations and diseases.
Premenstrual syndrome or pregnancy
Until the delay of menstruation, it is difficult to say what is connected with this unpleasant symptom. Morning nausea, which occurs after waking up and tormenting a woman in the first half of the day, is the first sign of an imminent pregnancy.
Toxicosis and all its symptoms sometimes appear as early as the first week after conception long before the onset of the proposed menstruation. Часто женщины задаются вопросом — может ли тошнить до задержки и почему так происходит. Точных причин такого явления не установлено, но одной из причин тошноты в первом триместре беременности считают реакцию на приживление эмбриона.
If the nausea is not too strong, does not spoil the appetite, and the woman does not lose weight, then indisposition in the morning does not harm the unborn child and does not threaten the mother with anything.
The effect of hormones that are enhanced, produced in the body of a pregnant woman, lead to disruption of almost all body systems.
Especially hormonal surge affects the work of the gastrointestinal tract, hence the attack of nausea.
Whether nausea is a symptom of a premature pregnancy is almost impossible to determine with a pregnancy test. Even the most sensitive test strips are not informative and show a negative result. But also do not forget that it can be false positive.
Such symptoms are also characteristic of premenstrual syndrome when restructuring occurs after natural ovulation. About 2 weeks after ovulation, the female body prepares for the final part of the fertilization process.
Increasing the level of progesterone contributes to the growth of the endometrium for the attachment of the ovum, if this does not happen, a new cycle begins and the body is rebuilt in a new way. If natural phenomena should not disturb a woman and affect her health, but often enough, she is still worried about PMS symptoms.
Nausea before the delay of menstruation may be associated with impaired neuroendocrine regulation and have nothing to do with pregnancy. Hormonal imbalance disrupts the functioning of body systems.
After ovulation, the hormone progesterone predominates in the body of a healthy woman. He is responsible for preparing for pregnancy. A significant excess of the norm is not always a pathology, but it is this hormone that increases blood pressure, prevents the outflow of fluid, changes the structure of the mammary glands and affects the psychological state.
The active work of the pituitary gland, which produces a hormone, is also reflected in the work of the stomach and intestines. As a result, nausea to a delay, there is a desire to vomit, loss of appetite, aversion to food.
Theory of water intoxication
In the second phase of the cycle, pathological fluid retention occurs under the influence of hormones. It leads to an imbalance and causes a number of unpleasant PMS symptoms:
- general malaise.
The whole body works like a clock and failure of one of the mechanisms leads to disruption in the work of the entire system. Such manifestations have become the norm in the healthy body of a woman of reproductive age every month. In order not to confuse nausea before the delay of menstruation with pregnancy, it is important to observe whether there are other symptoms.
Symptoms of PMS before a delay
Premenstrual syndrome is characterized by a number of characteristic physiological and psychological symptoms. If any of them appear, you can confirm or deny whether these signs are symptoms of PMS or is it a signal of the development of violations.
The physical symptoms of PMS include:
- sensitivity and tenderness in the area of the mammary glands,
- swelling and weight gain
- disorders of the bowels,
- lower back pain
- body aches,
- frequent urination,
- excessive sweating
- hot flushes.
With regard to psychological problems, women are faced with frequent mood swings, they do not leave a feeling of irritation and depression. Everyone experiences this period in different ways, and the range of symptoms may increase in each individual case. Delayed menses and nausea in themselves are worrying.
Sometimes a woman can experience a strong panic, thoughts of suicide also come, there is a tendency to violent acts. Such serious violations - the reason to turn to the doctor before the delay of menstruation.
Error test for pregnancy
Most of the pregnancy tests that are sold in each pharmacy, although they have different sensitivities, are informative from the first day of the delay. The probability that the test strip confirms pregnancy a few days after conception is negligible. The test can be mistaken not only because of the low level of the hormone HCG, which it determines, but also for a number of other reasons.
I feel sick in the mornings, my chest is full and hurts, my general well-being - all this becomes a reason to suspect pregnancy, and you don’t want to wait until your period starts. Advertised tests for home use come to the rescue. They are built on the principle of determining an increased level of pregnancy hormone.
Not only low sensitivity, but also the quality of the test itself can cause a negative result. Great importance is also the correctness of its use. An erroneous test, negative or positive, does not exclude the pathology of development in the fetus during pregnancy.
The most common causes of a negative test or a false positive result are:
- ignoring instructions and, as a result, incorrect use,
- improper storage of the test or marriage,
- early gestation,
- pathology of gestation,
- ectopic pregnancy,
- abnormal fetal development,
- kidney disease in women
- various pathological processes in the body.
The hormone hCG begins to be produced immediately after the implantation of the embryo, but due to various features and influence from the outside, even after a few weeks, the indicator will not be sufficient to determine pregnancy, and the test will be negative for a long time. But if the woman feels morning sickness and other signs, it is better to consult a doctor. If conception does not occur, the symptoms can cause serious disturbances in the body.
What to do with nausea and negative test
Delayed menstruation, test negative and nausea cause contact the doctor to confirm or deny the pregnancy and look for the cause of the indisposition and nausea in the other. Home tests, of course, convenient, but they can not be trusted 100%. The test is negative or positive yet says nothing.
The most correct way is the laboratory determination of the level of the hormone HCG. Unlike the test, the analysis will accurately indicate the presence and increase of this hormone in the body. In the first days after conception, the test is always negative, because hCG has not yet grown.
The second method is ultrasound examination. Early germ may not be visible, but characteristic changes are observed immediately. Only a gynecologist will be able to say for sure whether there is a pregnancy and establish the cause of nausea before the delay of menstruation.
Nausea and negative test
Pregnancy is an important time in a woman’s life. For the next 40 weeks to go well, it is important not to miss the first symptoms of pregnancy. The first sign of the situation is the delay of menstruation. But in fact, nausea occurs much earlier.
Causes nausea to delay
Until the moment of menstruation is difficult to find out the cause of nausea. Usually nausea occurs in the morning and does not pass the first half of the day. Such a condition is usually a sign of pregnancy.
Toxicosis and all its manifestations occur already in the first week after conception, almost always long before menstruation. There are often a lot of questions about whether nausea can happen even before a delay, and why it happens. Doctors believe that the body reacts with nausea to the process of engraftment of the embryo.
When the nauseated slightly, the appetite does not deteriorate, the weight does not decrease, then toxemia in the morning does not affect the health of the unborn child, nor does it threaten the mother.
The hormones that the body produces during the period of childbearing provoke problems in the work of almost all systems and organs. In particular, this state is reflected in the functions of the gastrointestinal tract. Attacks of nausea are associated with this.
It is almost impossible until the delay with the test to detect pregnancy. Even the most expensive and sensitive strips show a negative result due to too little time and lack of production of the hormone hCG. In addition, the test may be false positive.
But nausea often develops as a symptom of PMS, when the body is restructuring after the release of the egg. Approximately 2 weeks after the completion of ovulation, the body prepares for completion of the fertilization process.
The increase in the concentration of progesterone - the sex hormone, provokes the growth of the endometrium - the mucous membrane of the uterus, so that the fastening of the ovum may occur. If conception did not occur, then the cycle begins anew, the body re-rearranges.
In addition to natural causes, nausea before a delay can be caused by problems of neuroendocrine regulation, that is, it has nothing to do with successful conception. Imbalance of hormones is bad for health.
How to determine pregnancy
Of course, women want to quickly and as accurately as possible to find out whether the pregnancy really occurred. During preparation for conception, many keep special diaries of observations of changes in basal temperature. In the process of maturation of the egg, it reaches 37 degrees.
When it remains about a week before the menstrual period, and the woman complains of nausea, the temperature immediately after sleep is set at more than 37.2 - this is a symptom of successful fertilization.
The test is the most accurate way to determine the condition in the home. But immediately after conception, he may show a negative result or turn out to be false positive. Manufacturers claim high sensitivity test strips before the delay. The test error is due to the following factors:
- expired shelf life
- failure to comply with the rules of
- reject or improper storage conditions
- taking some medicine at the same time
- progression of the urinary system,
- ectopic pregnancy,
- pathology of the fetus.
Due to the many factors that provoke errors, one does not always have to hope for an accurate result before the onset of the delay.
Nausea, weakness, a feeling of heaviness in the lower abdomen are the first manifestations of pregnancy, but the doctor can confirm the diagnosis only after an examination. Laboratory methods include a blood test for hCG, which helps to detect the content of the hormone in the blood. But referral to the examination gynecologist gives only 10 days after the delay.
Additional method - pelvic ultrasound. At such an early date, the fetus is not visible, but the doctor can already see changes in the organs that indicate the beginning of the development of the embryo.
Symptoms of PMS before a delay
As for PMS, it is distinguished by a whole list of characteristic psychological and physiological signs. With their development, you can refute or confirm the assumptions of women about pregnancy.
Physiological symptoms include:
- breast sensitivity,
- puffiness, weight gain,
- nausea, rarely with vomiting,
- pain in the lumbar region,
- aches all over the body,
- frequent urination,
- rash on face
- excessive sweating
Often during PMS, women face psychological problems - mood changes, depression, irritation. Each experiences this time in different ways, so the symptoms depend on the individual characteristics of the organism.
Negative test, possibility of error
Virtually all tests, despite the difference in sensitivity, are informative only from the first day of menstruation delay. The probability of a correct result a few days after conception is minimal.
Corresponding symptoms allow a woman to suspect pregnancy. But the test may be wrong. Not only low sensitivity, but also not too good quality strips provoke errors. If all the signs are on the face, but the test does not show this, then the causes can be pathological and very dangerous.
Diseases of the genitourinary system
Problems in the organs of the genitourinary system can provoke negative test results. These are diseases of the kidneys and urinary organs. However, even during pregnancy, the content of the hormone hCG is greatly reduced.
Disturbances in the pituitary, thyroid, adrenal glands often cause negative results. If such problems are detected, additional diagnostics are required.
Risk of miscarriage
When the test is negative, and the pregnancy is still there, then the reasons may lie in problems with the development of the embryo. Doctors talk about the threat of spontaneous miscarriage.
This happens due to lack of production in the body of the hormone HCG. If time does not take action to replenish it, then a miscarriage will happen.
With the correct and timely actions of the child can be saved, but the treatment should be carried out by an expert in a hospital.
With a negative test and signs of fertilization, there may be a missed abortion. As the gestation period increases in the blood and urine of the expectant mother, the content of chorionic gonadotropin increases. The maximum is noted at the end of the first trimester. With missed abortion, the concentration of hCG begins to decrease.
A negative test can cause an ectopic fixation of the ovum, usually in the fallopian tube, less often in the ovary or on the abdominal wall.
With ectopic pregnancy, an increase in the content of hCG occurs in waves. As a result, the level will be minimal and does not meet the deadlines. But the test shows a negative result.
Pregnancy is detected only by ultrasound.
The hormone hCG is produced immediately after conception, but under the influence of some features even after a few days, its concentration will be insignificant. When there are complaints about morning nausea and other symptoms of fertilization, they indicate violations in the body.
What to do with a negative test
When the test is negative, while there is a delay and nausea, we should not exclude the fact of pregnancy. It should be re-tested, diagnose a doctor, ultrasound.
The most reliable method of research - blood and urine for hormone hCG. It will allow you to accurately determine the content of the hormone and the rate of its increase in accordance with the term, in order to understand whether nausea is related to a delay with pregnancy.
Nausea - a frequent condition that occurs before the delay of menstruation. Her degree may be different - some women do not notice her, and in others the symptom provokes vomiting. In some cases, this is the first sign of pregnancy, in others - a violation in the body.
Monthly delay: possible causes and methods for their determination
The menstrual cycle is the period from the beginning of one menstruation to the beginning of the next. It is considered normal when the intervals between periods are the same. Most often, it lasts a maximum of 35 days. The extended phase is considered a delay and requires clarification of the cause.
Lack of periods always causes excitement in women, regardless of whether she wants a child or is not yet ready for this event. The delay of several days is not critical and is not a reason for premature conclusions.
First of all, most women try to determine pregnancy with a test. A negative result is a sign of the absence of pregnancy and the reason for worrying about the cause of failure in the menstrual cycle.
Actions after a negative test result
If the test showed a negative result, and the symptoms of pregnancy are present, you need to do the following:
- Wait a few days and try again. It is important to conduct the test in the morning and follow the instructions. It is advisable to purchase a test of another brand,
- to analyze chorionic gonadotropin. With the help of laboratory studies, the onset of pregnancy can be determined in the early stages,
- with a long period of absence of menstruation, you need to seek help from specialists
There are main reasons for the lack of monthly:
- health problems,
- excess weight,
- intense exercise
- adherence to a strict diet, insufficient food intake,
- climate change
During the delay of menstruation, it is important for a woman to listen to her body.
Pregnancy always has signs even in the early stages: nausea, malaise, frequent urination, changes in olfactory and palatability, high basal body temperature and many other factors.
In the presence of the first signs of pregnancy and with a negative test result, the first thing to do is wait about a week, then retest. It happens, although rarely, that tests are rejected or not carried out according to the instructions.
Delay of menstruation for medical reasons
If there is a lack of signs of pregnancy in the case of a delay in menstruation, as well as the woman had no sexual intercourse during the ovulation period, it is important to think about the presence of health problems.
In an irregular cycle, after an examination, doctors diagnose “ovarian dysfunction,” which is more like a cycle failure condition and requires further diagnosis with the definition of the cause.
Serious gynecological or non-gynecological diseases can provoke a delay.
Causes related to gynecological diseases
- Polycystic ovarian, triggered by hormonal disruption in the body. The disease occurs as a result of dysfunction of the ovaries and excessive production of tarragon and androgen hormones.In parallel with the course of the disease, there is a violation of the adrenal cortex and pancreas.
Symptoms of the disease are weight gain, due to increased production of androgens, as well as increased male-type hair growth (lip area, legs, armpits). The changes are associated with an excess amount of the male hormone testosterone, which causes abnormalities in the female reproductive system.
Polycystosis in rare cases leads to infertility, but is mostly successfully treated by taking hormonal contraceptives that balance the level of sex hormones. Cyst of the corpus luteum of the ovary. After ovulation, the corpus luteum is formed.
If the body experienced stress or hormonal failure before ovulation, then the corpus luteum continues to function, thereby causing impairment. The development of the disease provokes hormonal disorders. As a treatment, a course of hormonal therapy is prescribed.
Causes of non-gynecological nature
- Colds: flu, ARVI.
- Chronic diseases: gastritis, diabetes, kidney and thyroid disease.
- Reception of medicinal medicines.
Many drugs such as anabolics, antidepressants, tuberculosis, diuretics cause side effects as a hormonal failure. In this case, the drugs are replaced by a doctor for others. Contraceptive drugs. Independent use of pills, without the control of the gynecologist can lead to delays.
In order to protect against unwanted pregnancy should not take pills at all times. After all, the probability of conception happens only 5 days a month: 3 days before ovulation and 2 days after the egg cell leaves the follicle.
Therefore, instead of taking large quantities of pills, you can learn how to correctly calculate the ovulation period and protect yourself. Early menopause due to hormonal and endocrine disorders. Usually menopause in women comes about 50 years.
At this time, the production of progesterone decreases, thereby menstruation is characterized by irregularity.
If a woman is breastfeeding, there is a transformation in the level of hormones. The body during this period suppresses the likelihood of ovulation. After some time, menstruation restored. If a woman does not breastfeed, the menstrual cycle returns to normal after about 2 months. In a nursing woman, he recovers after stopping breastfeeding.
Overweight as a cause of disorders
Excessive body weight leads to problems at the hormonal level and naturally causes a failure in menstruation. The cause of failure is estrogen, accumulating in large quantities in the fat layer.
There is a way to check the norm of your weight by calculating the body mass index. To do this, divide your body weight (kg) by height (m) squared.
If the figure exceeds 25, you can judge excess weight.
When this problem occurs, it is important for a woman to start following the correct diet: eliminate sweet, flour, excessively fat. You should also engage in physical activity, which will help to lose weight.
It is important not to overdo it with diets and weight loss, as this can cause even more stress in the body. Lose weight, thereby restoring women's health, you need to gradually.
There are many services: sports clubs, calorie calculators, chat in forums that help to bring your body into shape without effort.
The role of stress in menstrual disorders
Too long overstrain of the nervous system causes stress, which leads to hormonal chaos in the body. Nervous tension affects the work of the brain and hypothalamus, which leads to disruption of the ovaries and uterus. To restore the emotional state is recommended:
- start an active lifestyle. Sport and movement restore and heal the body. Regular walks help to saturate the body with oxygen, which helps to increase stress resistance,
- full healthy sleep. The body requires at least 8 hours of sleep for proper functioning. Otherwise, anxiety levels increase, depressions occur,
- vitamin therapy. Saturation of the body with vitamins helps to increase the level of nutrients in the blood, strengthen the immune system and improve the emotional state. In this case, vitamins of group B and preparations of magnesium are especially effective.
- massage. It is practiced to relieve tension in the muscles, relaxes and calms the nervous system.
Compliance with strict diets, lack of food
Any diet should be moderate and rational. The body should be uniformly saturated with all the necessary vitamins and minerals.
Otherwise, the lack of nutrients and excessive thinness is perceived by the body as an emergency situation in which pregnancy is undesirable.
The critical weight established by experts of 47 kg, reaching which sometimes irrevocable transformations occur in the body. Menstruation can not only linger, but also disappear altogether.
Danger of delay
For women's health, the temporary absence of menstruation is not dangerous, much more dangerous than the reasons that caused the failure.
For example, the absence of menstruation is associated with an increased level of prolactin, which increases due to a tumor in the brain. Ignoring this symptom can lead to terrible consequences.
Gynecological and endocrine diseases are also dangerous, the detection of which in the later stages can lead to infertility.
Actions in the absence of menstruation
In case of delayed menstruation and with negative testimony of the test, women should consult a doctor. Ultrasonography and blood tests are prescribed for accurate diagnosis. After this study, endometriosis or polycystic can be detected.
It is also necessary to exclude the probability of the presence of tumors in the brain and in the ovaries, for this purpose, CT and MRI are prescribed.
If the gynecologist has not identified the cause, perhaps the problem is the state of the hormonal level. A woman is referred for examination to an endocrinologist. In parallel, you need to pass additional blood and urine tests, to be examined by the kidneys, adrenal glands. It is recommended to visit a nutritionist and a psychotherapist.
Drugs To speed up the process of restoring the cycle, you can use drugs: Duphaston, Pulsatill. Similar preparations are recommended to be applied only after the recommendation of the doctor.
Hormonal drugs can cause the onset of menstruation and thereby settle the cycle, after a few days.
Timely diagnosis of the disease and treatment contribute to the restoration of the menstrual cycle soon.
Regularity is the main thing
For the first time, every woman knows what is menstruation, at the age of 12-14 years, during adolescence, followed by puberty. This indicator may vary depending on the individual and hereditary characteristics of a particular organism (in some girls, menstruation occurs in 10-11, while others, up to 15, do not know what it is). The first two years after the start of the discharge is the period of formation of the cycle, when his jumps are considered normal (however, this is not a reason to ignore regular preventive visits to the gynecologist). If, after 2 years from the start of menstruation, a woman is still worried about the delay of 7 months, this is an alarm bell that requires examination of the body.
The menstrual cycle itself is the period between the monthly periods. It is calculated from the first for the new menstruation before the next one. This period should remain in approximately the same range (usually from 21 to 35 days, for most women it is 28 days). Deviations of 1-2 days are considered to be within the normal range, because even taking antibiotics, changing the climatic zone, or stresses affect the frequency of menstruation.
Immediately after the bleeding in the ovary, the next egg matures. The endometrium is enlarged in the uterus, which should further contribute to the consolidation of the fertilized egg. All this is accompanied by an increase in the level of the female hormone in the blood. The peak of the cycle - ovulation - the 12-14th day, when the egg begins to move to the uterus through the fallopian tube. In its place is formed by the derivative of the hormone progesterone yellow body. If during this period sexual intercourse took place, then the pregnancy begins, the fertilized egg falls into the uterus, is fixed on its wall and develops there. If there was no conception, the level of progesterone and the female hormone in the blood drops, and after a while, menstruation occurs.
Hence we conclude that, if a woman has a delay of 7 days, the test is negative, the reasons may lie in the failure of the body's hormonal regulation. But not always!
Can you 100% trust the tests?
How does a pregnancy test work, and can its results be trusted? This is the first important question. The principle of action of the pharmacy pregnancy test is to determine the level of hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) in the urine. After the fertilized egg is attached to the wall of the uterus, its concentration in the blood and, accordingly, urine begins to grow rapidly. Manufacturers claim that 97% of the tests show a reliable picture, that is, if a woman is pregnant, he will definitely find out. It is quite logical, because they will not do anti-advertising of their products.
There are also a lot of articles on the Internet calling to believe pregnancy tests, because if it’s not overdue, then that’s all true. But in the office at the gynecologist you can hear a completely different opinion. Doctors are not inclined to show so much confidence in the tests. They repel from hCG in the blood. At an early stage of pregnancy, it may be in small quantities, since each organism is individual. When a woman has a delay of 7 days, the test is negative, the reasons for this result can be associated precisely with changes in hormonal levels.
Typically, gynecologists strongly recommend taking the test again in a week or two, or even better - to do an ultrasound of the uterus and to undergo a blood test for hCG. Sometimes, two test strips can be seen by women suffering from certain gynecological diseases. Therefore, women who have 7 days delay, what to do, tell the gynecologist after the examination.
Monthly delay in young mothers
Another aspect worth mentioning is that in a woman after giving birth, due to the active production of the hormone prolactin, menstruation is normal. If the child is on an artificial diet, the woman’s cycle will recover in 1-2 months. Mothers who breastfeed their baby may not remember what monthly periods are for a year, or even 2–3 years. The main thing to know during this period is that the absence of menstruation is not a sign that a woman cannot become pregnant again (many young parents forget about it, neglecting contraceptives).
In principle, ovarian dysfunction and a galloping menstrual cycle are almost synonymous expressions. Often, when a woman has a delay of 7 months, the reasons lie in the dysfunction. But it can provoke failures in the thyroid. Here, in addition to the gynecologist, it is necessary to make a visit to the endocrinologist, and go through all the examinations prescribed by him.
Inflammations in the ovaries and serious gynecological diseases
When a woman has a delay of 7 days, there can be reasons for various violations of the functioning of the reproductive system, that is, diseases. Moreover, the disease is not the simplest: from the inflammatory processes that cover the organs of the female reproductive system, and uterine fibroids, and ending with cervical cancer. Of course, postponing the solution of such problems on the back burner is unacceptable. Moreover, it can have unpleasant and sometimes lethal consequences. Especially if there are any discharge. When the delay is 7 days, bleeding is obvious signs of inflammatory processes in the body, requiring immediate medical attention!
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Such a diagnosis a woman can put a gynecologist and at first glance at her. In women with polycystic ovary syndrome, testosterone levels in the blood are elevated. As a result, they have atypical for the female complexion growth of body hair (male type), overweight, increased oily hair and skin. However, these external signs may not necessarily be direct indicators (as opposed to a blood test for testosterone) of polycystic disease.
When a woman has a delay of 7 days, the test is negative, the reasons may well be in an increased level of testosterone, since its high concentration in the blood knocks down the regularity of the onset of menses. The most unfavorable consequence of this is the sterility of the woman. However, this problem is easily solved with the help of oral contraceptives, which doctors often attribute to women with PCOS. Their reception not only normalizes the cycle, but also has a positive effect on the appearance of the woman, so you should not be afraid of the diagnosis of PCOS: the main thing is to seek medical help in time.
Low body mass index
Not always the delay of menstruation may indicate serious illness, sometimes its cause is quite simple. For example, low body weight. To determine if a particular mass corresponds to growth, it is necessary to calculate the BMI. If the resulting figure is in the range of 18-25 - the weight of a woman in an ideal ratio with her height. A figure above 25 is evidence of overweight, and below 18 is its deficiency. It is the lack of weight that can cause a woman to have a 7-month delay. As soon as a woman's weight returns to normal, her cycle becomes regular.
Some other explanations
Also, the delay may occur in a perfectly healthy woman with a normal weight in the absence of pregnancy. The case in external circumstances. As mentioned above, the menstrual cycle is a fragile mechanism, many factors affect its stability. Nervous overstrain, stress, hard physical work, change of climatic zone when traveling, taking antibiotics - all this can provoke a delay. It is likely that the monthly periods after a delay of 7 days, caused by external factors, will proceed normally, as usual.
What are the risks of racing cycle?
In general, nothing. Lack of menstruation is not a disease. However, it is an alarming bell for a woman that there is a problem with something in the body, and it should be examined. Of course, it is better that when a woman has a delay of 7 days, the reasons are not related to the disease. But to find out, it is advisable to see a doctor.
He will determine whether to exclude pregnancy, whether there are gynecological problems. In some situations, a visit to the doctor is extremely necessary, as delaying can lead to serious consequences. For example, when a woman has a delay of 7 days, brown discharge, suddenly appearing, speaks of possible health problems.
The main indicator of a woman’s physical and mental health is the regular menstrual cycle. Any failure indicates the presence of certain problems. The first thought in the fair sex, in the absence of menstruation, arises about pregnancy. If, as a result of the test, a negative test is received, the delay is already more than a week, it is worth going to a gynecologist with such a problem. Sometimes symptoms accompany brown or white discharge, basal temperature, or pulling the lower abdomen.
Causes of delayed menstruation
If a woman strictly controls her menstrual cycle, then noticing a failure for her is a simple task. Even if there is no such tracking, the absence of menstruation will become noticeable in a few days. First of all, girls are checked for the presence of pregnancy (if there is a reason). A negative test signals that a hormonal failure has occurred in the body.
Why there are no monthly periods if several days have passed since they should appear? The menstrual cycle may change or stray. The reason for the lack of cyclic discharge in this case is rebuilding. There is reason to be alarmed if the backlog of critical days from the schedule exceeds one week. Those who do not control the cycle should definitely begin to do this, because it will help identify problems at the very beginning.
What may be the delay if the woman is not pregnant:
- Прежде всего причиной сбоя может стать отсутствие овуляции. Эта проблема является главной предпосылкой к бесплодию.
- Stress and nervous breakdowns in the fair sex can be a serious reason why the delay of menstruation, if not pregnant. Stress shocks adversely affect many systems of the human body.
- Problems with excess or lack of weight can also be a reason for breaking the cycle. For example, if a woman has dramatically lost weight or recovered.
- Acceptance of hormonal contraceptive drugs sometimes leads to the fact that the cycle is lost.
- Lactation is another reason for such problems.
- A benign tumor of the pituitary gland affects the hormonal state of the body.
- If menstruation has become very late in a woman after 40 years, it may be early menopause.
How to cause monthly
In order for menstruation to come every month, there are several folk methods. For example, medicinal plants are actively used for this, their broths help uterine contractions and rejection of the endometrium. Some people use parsley or dill in large quantities. It is believed that this method stimulates the appearance of menstruation for 3 days. Use of parsley infusion in advance of the cycle will help its regulation.
Some girls take special medications, but this is dangerous for the endocrine system, because they all contain hormones. Ascorbic acid for some women is an aid in stimulating menstruation. Some combine physical activity and baths with iodine. However, before you use something on yourself, it is better to visit a gynecologist.
What to do when a negative test, and the delay of menstruation for several days, not every girl knows. In this case, the chest may get sick, the nipples swell, as during pregnancy. But these changes do not necessarily indicate that it is time for you to prepare for the appearance of the baby, because it can be PMS.
What if there is a delay in menstruation, there are all signs of pregnancy, but the test is negative?
Nausea in the morning, dizziness, fatigue, uncharacteristically pronounced appetite, toxicosis - all this most often indicates pregnancy. When these symptoms appear, the woman runs to the nearest pharmacy for a pregnancy test, does and receives a negative result. What does this mean? What to do in this case?
- First of all, you should go to the pharmacy, and buy a few more tests - there is always the risk of marriage of any products. Pregnancy tests are no exception.
- You need to call the gynecologist and make an appointment - an ultrasound scan will accurately show the presence or absence of an embryo in the uterus.
- Watch your body, its well-being, and after a few days to repeat the test. In some cases, the test may be negative due to the low content of pregnancy hormones in the blood, as it happens in the early stages.
Delayed monthly, but test negative
If there are symptoms of pregnancy, there is a delay in menstruation, but a negative test, you should contact a specialist for other tests.
The most reliable methods for determining pregnancy are ultrasound and complete blood count. There is a decrease in the level of urea, uric acid, creatinine, magnesium, iron in the blood, the amount of sodium, potassium, transferrin, alkaline phosphatase increases. The number of leukocytes, the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) is also increasing. But, most importantly, in the blood, as in the urine, the main pregnancy hormone appears (by which its presence or absence is determined) - human chorionic gonadotropin. Compared with the urine test, the blood test is much more accurate and reliable, since it can even detect the minimum amount of the hormone, that is, determine the pregnancy before the delay.
Another fairly reliable method is ultrasound. It shows changes already after the second week of conception - in the third or fourth week of pregnancy (before this, the first weeks, the process of preparing the egg for fertilization takes place). Sometimes the fetus may not be visible, which becomes a cause in order to suspect the presence of an ectopic pregnancy that threatens the life and health of the woman. During this period, the fetus is usually already in the uterus and begins to increase in size. If Mommy comes to the ultrasound after the eighth or tenth week of pregnancy, she can not only see her unborn child, but also hear his heartbeat.
What causes menstruation delay other than pregnancy?
There are situations when a non-pregnant woman stops menstruating. This is a rather unpleasant situation, which most often indicates the presence of any pathology or disease. There are several reasons why menstruation stops.
- Relatively favorable condition - menopause. It can occur in 35 years (early menopause), and in 65 years (late menopause). For menopause is characterized by the gradual disappearance of menstruation. There may be a delay of menstruation for a month or several months, and then the resumption of menstruation. Such states constantly alternate throughout the year - the time of the organism's adjustment and adaptation to the production of a smaller amount of hormones. In addition, after surgical interventions (when both ovaries are removed) there is an acute menopause - a sharp cessation of menstruation without their recovery.
- Uterine endothelial hypoplasia. In hypoplasia, the endothelial cells are first reduced in size and then in quantity. The endothelium is simply "coming off." During the cycle, the next menstruation of the endothelium is no longer available for desquamation, at the hormonal level, the body undergoes menstruation, but physiologically it is absent.
- Polycystic ovaries cause an imbalance of female sex hormones in the body. Several small follicles can form in the ovary (normally there should be one dominant larger size) that do not grow or break at the right time to release the egg. Ovarian function is impaired, menstruation does not occur.
- Anemia. If there is a deficiency of hemoglobin in the body, the body is trying with all its might to save the blood, so it “does not release” it outside. The epithelium can be rejected, but the discharge will be insignificant in volume and color. In some cases, there may be no discharge at all.
Negative pregnancy test and delayed menstruation do not mean the absence of pregnancy. They can also be the main symptoms of gynecological diseases or hormonal disorders in the body. In any case, after a delay in menstruation, you need to consult a doctor to identify the cause of the pathological condition - he will take blood for tests and will conduct an ultrasound scan to confirm pregnancy accurately.