The main causes of joint pain during menopause and treatment methods


The main culprit for discomfort is the physical criterion. Ovariogenic (climacteric) lesion in the joint is often associated with a decrease in sex hormones, a deficiency of minerals and vitamins, and decreased ovarian activity. What often affects questions in women is whether their joints can hurt.

Signs of Calcium Loss:

  • porous bone tissue
  • brittle nails,
  • hair section
  • bright spots on the teeth
  • often the pubic crest hurts during intercourse.

With age, the lack of estrogen and calcium sharpens existing ones or develops new pathologies. This is the reason why menopausal arthritis can occur. Symptoms:

  • pain without a certain location is aching in nature,
  • joint swelling
  • stiffness
  • crunch or clicks in joints
  • tingling or numbness in the limbs.

Climacteric arthritis is idiopathic, when the main cause of its occurrence is unclear. How to treat: correction of nutrition, physiotherapy, exercise therapy and herbal medicine is recommended.

Why do my legs hurt during menopause? When stiffness often occurs in the morning, it is difficult to move the joints. If you stay in a standing position for a long time, one knee, foot or both legs may hurt. The reason is excess weight, which always appears due to hormonal changes in the body, an old injury, or unevenly distributed loads.

Pathologies due to which the joints ache in menopause:

  • hypothermia
  • obesity,
  • neuralgia,
  • infections,
  • rheumatoid arthrosis,
  • bone diseases causing a decrease in its density (osteoporosis, osteoarthrosis, osteomyelitis).

To find the root cause, you need to consult a rheumatologist, orthopedist, gynecologist.

Diagnostic methods for joint pain

Doctors should analyze the condition of the bones and cartilage, hormones, the presence of infections in the body. Treatment is based on the results of examinations, the history of the study (patient complaints, symptoms, etc.).

Initially sent to x-rays of the joints. It helps to identify how the pathological process has progressed — whether calcification or tissue deformation has appeared, narrowing of the gap, erosion, and so on. In the early stages of the disease, the changes in the picture are slightly visible, so an additional ultrasound scan of the joints must be performed.

Using densitometry, bone tissue will be scanned to determine its mineral density. Typically, such a study is recommended to do after 30 years, because at this age, the loss of calcium begins. Densitometry requires preparation - stop taking calcium-containing drugs 24 hours before the procedure.

In the laboratory, determine the female hormonal status. The result of the study will help to eliminate the imbalance of substances, which will reduce joint pain during menopause.

Donate blood to analyze the level of such hormones:

  • follicle-stimulating (FGS),
  • Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS),
  • Prolactin
  • Progesterone,
  • Luteinizing (LH),
  • Globulin that binds sex hormones (SHBG),
  • Free and total testosterone,
  • Estradiol (a type of estrogen).

Do a biochemical analysis of blood for the content of free ionized calcium. In adults, its rate is from 1.16 to 1.3 mmol / l - this is an average of 50% of the total Ca. They donate blood on an empty stomach, and on the eve exclude alcohol, fatty food, medicines (only as prescribed by a doctor), and avoid physical exertion. You can not smoke at least an hour before the procedure.

Joint pain treatment

If the reason was a lack of estrogen or another substance - the doctor prescribes hormone replacement therapy. That is, the deficit is compensated by a drug that is identical to a natural hormone or contains phytoestrogens. When pain in the joint take:

  • Premarin,
  • Dermertil,
  • Estrofarm,
  • Cliogest,
  • Klimara (plaster),
  • Estrovel,
  • Red brush (tincture),
  • Remens and other means.

The doctor selects the dosage, given the hormonal status of the woman. If the cause of pain in the joints is an insufficient amount of Ca, the doctor prescribes calcium supplements. When menopause to eliminate the deficiency of the element take:

  • Cal di Mag,
  • Calcium biolith,
  • Wiganol,
  • Calcelan,
  • Natekal,
  • Calcium Alginate,
  • Phozawance,
  • Osteo-complex,
  • Artro-complex.

The last two dietary supplements are based on colloidal phyto formulas - an aqueous solution contains glue-like particles of many plant components, with the help of which damaged tissues are more easily restored. These drugs are indicated for menopause as prevention of osteoporosis, osteoarthrosis.

If during the menopausal period, pain in the joints occurs through infection, inflammation, nerve strangulation, menopausal arthritis, or other pathology, therapeutic methods and medications select the appropriate disease. Typically, the complex used chondroprotectors, analgesics and drugs that improve blood circulation.

Herbal medicine for joint pain

Properly selected herbs can replace hormonal, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and other medical preparations. But plants also have their own limitations for use. Therefore, the use of herbal remedies for pain in the joints is recommended by a doctor's prescription, observing all his prescriptions. Treatment is carried out by courses, with an obligatory 1-8 week break.

When menopause, when pain in the joints appeared, sage is useful. It contains saponins, tannins, oils that have an antispasmodic and sedative effect. The plant is rich in vitamin B 2, calcium, zinc, magnesium, other substances that are necessary for strengthening bone tissue and the formation of cartilage. Sage is recommended to be included in herbal formulations.

Benefits for the joints are brought by the monastic tea, which includes wild rosemary, black elderberry inflorescences, root of elecampus, knotweed, birch leaves and cowberry leaves, St. John's wort, nettle and dandelion.

These plants strengthen and restore the tissues of the musculoskeletal system, relieve inflammation, swelling, pain, promote blood circulation, saturate with vitamins and microelements, destroy pathogenic bacteria.

To improve the hormonal status during menopause, a collection is useful: sleep-grass, woodruff, and Chernobyl. The mixture is prepared according to the instructions indicated on the packaging or in doctor's prescription.

Physiotherapy for joint pain

Drug treatment is accompanied by physiotherapy. They use baths, therapeutic mud, devices (laser, magnetic fields, electric currents, ultraviolet and others). This electrophoresis, UHF, phonophoresis, SUF. Thermal procedures in the form of paraffin and other applications, massages, gymnastics are useful for joint pain. They reduce tissue edema, relieve inflammation. Also, doctors recommend wearing bandages.

Exercise therapy for joint pain

Physical therapy strengthens the muscular system, ligaments and tendons in the body, increases flexibility, amplitude in motion. You can not perform a set of tasks through force, overcoming pain in the joint - it threatens with injury. It is recommended to combine exercise therapy with swimming - this will quickly relieve the extra burden on the joints. The degree of difficulty and type of exercise is selected by the doctor.

  • flexion of the arms (elbows, hands, fingers), legs (knees, feet, hip area),
  • swings up and down, lifting limbs
  • bends back and forth and left and right (for the spine),
  • circular rotation in places of bends (clockwise and against it),
  • tension-relaxation of the buttocks, muscles of the legs, arms and back.

Active or passive gymnastics is done in the prone position, sitting and standing, it depends on how much and in which area the joints are affected. Before performing the exercises, it is necessary to warm up the body with a massage, warming ointments.

Diet for joint pain

Since during menopause in the body, estrogens are not produced by the activity of the ovaries, and production is more associated with adipose tissue, the weight of the woman begins to increase. Treatment includes nutrition correction. During the period of menopause, you can not follow strict diets - pain in muscles and joints may harden.

Meals should be made fractional, that is, break food intake by 5-6 times. Spices, salty and fatty foods from the diet should be excluded - because they often hurt the joints. It is recommended to use foods rich in fiber, vitamins A, C, E, group B (pyridoxine, thiamine), calcium, omega-3 acids.

These are raw vegetables and fresh fruits, including tropical, cereals, beans, dairy products, fish, all kinds of nuts, pumpkin and linseed oil, dried or frozen greens.