Turning off ovarian function at a certain age is inevitable. But it is difficult to come to terms with it if the symptoms of menopause are detected before the prescribed time. After all, then it lasts longer, the changes are harder, and I don’t want to age prematurely. At the first warning signs, women begin to look for a way to stop menopause. But is it real if the process is running?
What contributes to climacteric changes
It seems to many that the organism develops only in accordance with the genetically embedded features of it. They really matter what women's health will be like, how long the reproductive period will last. But this is not the only determining reason.
Is it possible to stop early menopause and how? Doctors found out what influences the function of the ovaries, except for heredity:
- Alcohol and smoking. These bad habits interfere with reproductive development by disrupting blood circulation in the body. Having lost a sufficient amount of oxygen, the ovaries work harder, get tired faster. Their functioning is also dependent on the brain and endocrine glands. And it is also unhealthy for them to impair blood supply,
- Irrational food. Excess weight, as well as the lack of necessary substances, knocks hormones. The body constantly lives in a borderline state, deprived of the stability of metabolic processes. It has a detrimental effect on the ovaries.
- Stress. Constant psychological shocks negatively affect the hormonal balance and chemical reactions of a healthy organism, disrupting them,
- Gynecological and other diseases. The interference of infections, drugs in the work of the reproductive system depletes it. Imbalance of hormones and other substances in all cases is inevitable. First of all, it affects the ovaries, they age earlier.
To not have to worry about how to stop the onset of menopause, you need to pay attention primarily to the listed nuances.
Means to stop the extinction of ovarian function
But what if the changes inherent in the menopause no longer leave any doubt that she is on the way? Worried about feeling unwell, hormone tests indicate that the ovaries are about to exhaust their potential. Then there is a need to prevent this.
There are several possibilities here. What kind of preference a physician must determine, since some medications cause adverse reactions, pose a risk of provoking serious diseases, have many contraindications.
Hormones assigned to inhibit the development of climacteric changes solve many problems. But above all, they fill the body with missing substances, giving the ovaries a rest.
Prescribing hormones is preceded by tests that detect FSH and estradiol levels. It will be necessary to determine the amount of glucose in the blood, to determine the activity of the thyroid gland. Some cause symptoms like menopausal diabetes mellitus and endocrine disorders.
Excess sugar, as well as inappropriate values of thyroid hormones, confuse the overall balance of substances, deplete the ovaries, and cause increased activity of the hypothalamus. And caring about how to stop menopause, you will only need to take diabetes medications (Metformin, Diabeton, insulin) or containing thyroxin, triiodothyronine.
If the tests and examination revealed that menopause is on the threshold, estrogen-progestin drugs can stabilize the balance of hormones:
Some doctor will prescribe containing the same substances COC:
In an effort to rejuvenate the reproductive system with synthetic hormones, we must not forget that they have contraindications:
- Oncological diseases,
- Serious problems with vessels and heart,
- Cirrhosis of the liver,
- Increased blood viscosity
Among the adverse reactions to these drugs observed:
- The appearance of tumors in the mammary glands,
- Weight gain.
With the existing problem, how to stop menopause, it would be more logical to use natural remedies, that is, homeopathic preparations and phytoestrogens. They do not just replenish the blood with essential substances, but rejuvenate the body by stimulating the ovaries to produce sex hormones.
The range of contraindications and those and others significantly narrower than that of the previously described drugs, the effect is milder, there are practically no side effects. Remove climacteric changes, improve blood circulation in the pelvic strength of drugs:
Folk remedies and vitamins
The problem of how to safely stop menopause, agitated women always. Therefore, before the advent of hormonal drugs and herbal remedies, recipes based on medicinal plants were used. Some of them have the ability to stimulate blood circulation, stimulate metabolic processes, rejuvenate the body, restore shattered immunity. To slow down aging can:
- Liquorice root,
- Red clover,
For this purpose, the intake of complexes containing also minerals is obligatory. Their composition must have:
- Vitamins A, D, E,
- Folic acid
- Beta alanine and other amino acids.
We recommend to read an article about taking vitamins during menopause. You will learn about the necessary substances for the woman's body during menopause, vitamin complexes prescribed by doctors.
Lifestyles against menopausal changes
Caring about how to stop the upcoming menopause, mistakenly rely only on drugs and at the same time lead the old man's way of life. You can maintain youth if:
- There is mainly vegetable food, which will not allow to gain extra pounds, stimulates cell activity, metabolism. Especially useful are soybeans, other legumes, sea fish, nuts, seeds,
- Move a lot. Physical activity accelerates cell renewal, blood circulation, promotes the natural production of hormones,
- Having sex with pleasure. This is a kind of physical activity, but also a way to level the emotional background, to push the production of sex hormones, to remove blood stasis in the pelvis,
- Avoid stress. The desire for positive emotions makes it possible to feel young. A psychological state is very important for physical health. To translate emotions from minus to plus, all methods are good: going to a beauty salon, books, traveling, buying clothes, communicating with nice people.
Wanting to stop menopause, you should not go to extremes in this. The goal of all efforts is not endless production of sex hormones and eggs, but well-being, decent appearance, interest and joy of life.
I recognize him by the tides
The climacteric period in a woman’s life is perhaps the most mysterious and incomprehensible, not only for women themselves, but often for gynecologists, at least in our country. And although today a large number of studies devoted to this issue have been conducted, a large number of drugs have been created for the correction of disorders arising in menopause, these data, unfortunately, are not widely known. The share of women in menopause is quite significant. According to statistics, in 2001, 25.331 million women aged 50 years and older lived in Russia, and this is precisely the age of menopause. That is, almost 20% of the population of our country in one way or another are interested in issues related to menopause. To begin, we define concepts. The climacteric period (otherwise referred to as menopause, menopause) is a natural stage in a woman’s life, during which age-related changes in the whole body occur, but predominant is a decrease and then cessation of the functioning of the reproductive system. The process begins gradually, with a loss of fertility, that is, at first the woman becomes infertile, despite the fact that she usually has a regular menstrual cycle. According to the latest data, the average woman loses the ability to become pregnant in the natural cycle approximately 10 years before the cessation of menstruation. Menstruation stops as a result of ovarian function shutdown. As a result, the level of female sex hormones in the blood is significantly reduced, which affects the functioning of almost all organs and body systems of a woman.
The climacteric period lasts several years and conditionally consists of several phases:
- menopausal transition - menopause - perimenopause - postmenopause
Stages of the big way
The menopausal transition is the period from the moment of a significant decrease in fertility (about 40–42 years on average) to the last period in menstruation. This phase lasts about 10 years. During this period, a normal regular menstrual cycle may persist, but there may also be a shortening of the duration of the menstruation itself, or periods between them, which may alternate with delayed menstruation. As a rule, pregnancy in this period cannot occur independently. Menopause is the last menstruation in a woman’s life. The fact that she is really the last is determined after 12 months of the absence of menstruation, retrospectively.
Perimenopause includes some time (about 2 years) before the last menstruation (menopause) and 2 years after it. During this period, until the complete cessation of menstruation, in most cases the menstrual cycle shortens (the period from the first day of one menstruation to the first day of the next), menstruation can become scarce, or vice versa, very heavy and turn into bleeding. All these changes are associated with the depletion of the ovary, the number of follicles (vesicles containing an egg cell) in it quickly decreases, and as a result, the level of FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) in the blood increases.
At the same time, the level of the main female hormone estrogen is very variable, it can either increase significantly, or decrease to the lower limit of normal, and the amount of progesterone produced (the second female hormone) is reduced in most cases. Therefore, the hormonal system is in an unstable state, which can easily lead to either bleeding or long delays. It should be noted that in the phases of the menopausal transition and perimenopause, a healthy woman should not consider herself sterile, so that until one year after menopause, contraception should be used if pregnancy is not included in her plans. Contraception should be selected individually, taking into account the age, state of health and the phase in which the woman is currently located.
Postmenopause - the entire period of a woman’s life after the last menstruation (menopause).
When and how?
In each phase of the climacteric period, characteristic changes occur in the body. If this or other pathological conditions arise, completely different groups of drugs are assigned to different phases of menopause, so a clear separation of the stages is very important primarily for gynecologists. The time of menopause is genetically programmed, but the features of a woman’s life, her habits can have a significant impact on the timing. It has been proven that smoking, a low standard of living and a low-calorie diet approximates the time of menopause, and the use of oral contraceptives, on the contrary, contributes to later menopause. The average age of menopause is 51 - 53 years. Early menopause at the age of 40 - 45 years and premature up to 40 years are also distinguished. In order to determine whether the absence of menstruation is a valid menopause or for other reasons, it is necessary to donate blood for hormones. For the diagnosis of menopause the most informative determination of FSH levels. To do this, blood is taken from an empty stomach vein on any day of the menstrual cycle or in its absence. Increasing the level of FSH to 30 IU / ml clearly indicates the onset of menopause. This period is rarely painless, women are disturbed by certain symptoms that violate the general condition of the body. All pathological manifestations unite the concept of menopausal syndrome. Symptoms that appear in the phase of the menopausal transition and perimenopause, called early. Medium-term symptoms usually appear within 2–3 years of postmenopause. Late disorders occur after 5 or more years of the postmenopausal period. Depending on the severity of certain symptoms, menopausal syndrome of mild, moderate degrees of severity and severe can be distinguished. The early symptoms include: hot flashes, chills, excessive sweating, changes in pressure, often upward, palpitations, headaches, sleep disorders, memory, attention, frequent mood swings, depression, decreased libido (sexual desire). Medium-term symptoms include disorders of the skin and mucous membranes and associated with this: dryness and itching of the skin and mucous membranes, discomfort during sexual intercourse, urination, urinary incontinence. Late disorders: vascular atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease developing on this background, myocardial infarction, stroke, osteoporosis leading to severe fractures, joint disease, Alzheimer's disease (senile dementia).
Thus, the cessation of ovarian activity affects not only the female reproductive system, but also the functioning of virtually the entire body. And the correction of hormonal insufficiency is not only its goal, and perhaps not so much the elimination of immediate climacteric disorders belonging to the first group. And more focused on the prevention of serious diseases that occur on the background of late violations.
The above problems are most effectively solved by prescribing hormone replacement therapy (HRT). The attitude in our country to hormones in general and to HRT in particular is extremely negative in most cases. Many believe that cancer may develop as a result of their reception, others are afraid of getting fat, or they will have a beard, a mustache, and the like. In general, in most cases, women, having heard the word "hormones", categorically refuse treatment. And it is in vain. Yes, at present, there are non-hormonal drugs that can fight these or other manifestations of the menopausal syndrome. You can reduce the frequency and severity of hot flashes, improve mood, sleep, prevent and treat osteoporosis, atherosclerosis. But for this, you will need to take many different drugs, each of which corrects only one violation. And the reason for all violations is one - the lack of female sex hormones - estrogen in the blood of a woman. And it is much more effective to fight not with a consequence, but with a cause, that is, to fill in the lack of hormones. For several decades of using HRT, a huge number of studies have been carried out, which proved that correctly selected estrogen therapy for 5 years not only does not increase the likelihood of developing cancer, but even reduces the risk of developing certain forms of cancer, such as colon cancer. As for breast cancer, which many fear, only in the case of long-term use of combined hormone replacement therapy (more than 5 years) a slight increase in the risk of this disease is noted. Therefore, if a woman wants to continue receiving HRT for more than 5 years, she should keep this in mind and regularly undergo preventive mammography (an x-ray examination of the mammary glands). But we should not go to the other extreme. The hormonal drugs used for substitution therapy in menopause are serious medicines, therefore, they must be treated responsibly. You should not buy them at the pharmacy, just by consulting a pharmacist (I see this picture regularly). Preparations for HRT may be prescribed by a doctor who is knowledgeable in this matter. It is very important before the appointment of such therapy to identify possible contraindications, and for this you should undergo a thorough examination. The standard examination package includes: • examination of the gynecologist, • cytological examination of a cervical smear, • pelvic ultrasound with mandatory measurement of the thickness of the uterine mucosa (endometrium), • mammography, • blood pressure (blood pressure) measurement, • blood test for glucose, • TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone that determines the function of the thyroid gland).
According to indications, blood tests can be prescribed for FSH (if the menstrual cycle is still preserved), ECG (in the presence of heart and / or vascular diseases), consultations of doctors: neuropathologist, psychotherapist, cardiologist, endocrinologist, therapist, urologist, if there are complaints from relevant organs. Желательно провести денситометрию – исследование плотности кости для раннего выявления остеопении (снижения плотности костной ткани) или остеопороза (существенного истончения костной ткани, делающего кости очень хрупкими).
ЗГТ – против
В ходе обследования могут быть выявлены противопоказания к назначению ЗГТ. There are absolute contraindications when hormone therapy is not acceptable to prescribe in any case. These include: bleeding from genital organs of unknown cause, cancer of the uterus and breast at the moment and earlier, acute thrombosis or thromboembolism, acute hepatitis, untreated tumors of the genitals and mammary glands, skin porphyria and intolerance to hormones that are part of preparations for HRT Some of the contraindications can be eliminated, for example, to operate on tumors of the ovaries or fibroadenoma of the mammary glands. If after the operation it is confirmed that the tumors were benign, then contraindications will be removed and it will be possible to prescribe hormone replacement therapy. There are also relative contraindications, when the decision on the possibility of prescribing HRT is made individually. These include: uterine fibroids, endometriosis, migraine, epilepsy, ovarian cancer and thrombosis not at the moment, but earlier. The appointment of HRT in the presence of relative contraindications is possible only by a qualified technician and subject to careful observation.
But, unfortunately, not all women can use HRT, and in some cases, hormones alone are not enough to cope with all the manifestations of menopausal syndrome. In these cases, other groups of drugs may be used. The most famous of them are phytoestrogens. Phytoestrogens are drugs of plant origin (phyto-from Greek phyton plant, sprout), possessing estrogen-like properties. In other words, phytoestrogens, not being hormones, have an effect on the body similar to the effects of estrogens - female sex hormones. However, the impact of phytoestrogens on the body is hundreds of times less than estrogens themselves. The group of phytoestrogens is different in structure. Phytoestrogens of various classes are contained in soybean, red clover, whole wheat grains, berries and pits of various fruits, and cimicifuge plant (black cohosh). It is with a high content in the diet of soybeans and products from it that a significantly lower incidence of menopausal syndrome in Japanese women is compared with Europeans. Phytoestrogens contained in green tea, carrots, spinach, broccoli and cauliflower also have anti-cancer, antiviral, bactericidal and anti-sclerotic effects. On the basis of phytoestrogens created a lot of drugs and dietary supplements for the correction of menopausal disorders. The composition of klimadinona, remensa, menopause, menopause and ciclima includes extract of cimicifuga. The feminal contains red clover extract, and the femwell contains clover and soy. All of these drugs can be used to correct menopausal syndrome of mild severity. Studies have shown some positive effect on the state of bone tissue, but phytoestrogens cannot reduce the incidence of fractures. However, these drugs with proper use are devoid of side effects. However, for menopausal syndrome of moderate severity and severe course of these drugs are ineffective. In addition, phytoestrogens can not have a pronounced protective effect on diseases of the heart and blood vessels, as well as the central nervous system (do not reduce the likelihood of Alzheimer's disease). Tibolon (Livial) - is not in itself a hormone, but in the body it produces substances that act like hormones, and both female and male. The efficacy of the drug is quite high, the contraindications are the same as for HRT.
Recently, antidepressants from the group of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (Prozac, Zoloft, Paxil, Cipramil) are often used to eliminate the early symptoms of menopausal syndrome. They can be used together with HRT for a short period of time to quickly eliminate symptoms (hot flashes, sleep disturbances, mood, depression, etc.) or separately in cases where hormonal therapy is contraindicated. In the presence of severe neuropsychiatric symptoms, consultation with a psychotherapist is necessary.
The condition of the skeletal system in the climacteric period is assessed by means of densitometry. The most informative is X-ray dual-energy absorptiometry (DERA), which is recommended for all women over 65 years old or earlier with risk factors. Risk factors include low weight, smoking, alcohol abuse, sedentary lifestyle, low intake of foods containing calcium, a long period of breastfeeding (more than 6 months), more than 3 births, early menopause, the presence of osteoporosis in relatives. In the absence of control over the state of the skeletal system, the first sign of osteoporosis is usually fractures that occur with minor trauma or even as a result of coughing, sneezing, sudden movements. Often, these fractures are detected by chance during an X-ray examination on another occasion. Other symptoms, as a rule, do not exist. Osteoporosis should also be suspected with a decrease in growth of more than 2 cm during the year or 4 cm during any period of time. Timely prescribed hormone replacement therapy is a very effective prevention of osteoporosis. However, if HRT is contraindicated or started late, when osteoporosis is already present, other drugs are used to treat it. For the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis, exercise stress is extremely important. The most shown walking, sports games, swimming. But jumping, running for long distances, power loads are contraindicated, because give a significant load on the skeletal system. It is also necessary to give up smoking, because while smoking, the absorption of calcium in the body is further disturbed. In the diet should be a sufficient amount of foods containing calcium: milk and dairy products, as well as vitamin D - fatty fish and eggs. To maintain a normal level of calcium and vitamin D in the blood, it is necessary to use calcium and vitamin D3 preparations: calcium D3, nycomed, nadekal D3, calcium ups, etc. Calcium preparations are not prescribed only for hypercalciuria (increased excretion of calcium in the urine) and hypercalcemia (elevated calcium in the blood). In all other cases, drugs should be administered in a dose of not more than 600 mg in terms of elemental calcium (usually 1 ton.) At one time and always with meals, because taking calcium on an empty stomach can cause kidney stones. None of the conducted studies revealed an increased risk of kidney stones with proper calcium supplementation. Standard calcium supplements are prescribed 2-3 times a day.
For the treatment of osteoporosis most often used drugs that slow down the thinning of the bone. These include fosamax, calcitonin and strontium ranelat. These drugs are most effective in treating osteoporosis in women over 65 years of age. Currently, there is a search for alternative hormonal therapy drugs that will have fewer contraindications for prescription compared to hormones. One of the groups promising in this direction is the group of selective estrogen-receptor modulators. These include, in particular, tamoxifen, which has long been used to treat breast cancer, as well as the second-generation drug raloxifene. However, the possibility of using these drugs as a postmenopausal replacement therapy is not fully understood. It is assumed that raloxifene can be used for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis and vascular atherosclerosis in women with breast cancer currently or previously treated for cancer.
Five years ago, I found myoma. But the doctor reassured me, saying that with the onset of menopause, this problem will go away. So, I can not do the operation?
- The question of the need for surgery can only be resolved by your doctor. But if it is not shown to you, then with the onset of menopause, myomatous nodes really undergo regression. The fact is that with the cessation of ovarian function, the effect of sex hormones on the tissue of myoma nodes decreases, the blood flow to them decreases, and gradually the myomatous node shrinks, decreases and becomes encapsulated.
I never thought that I would react so hard on menopause. No, the "tides" do not bother me. But my hair became very thin and dull, and pigment spots appeared on my skin. Is this all due to the reduction of hormones or is the natural aging process just going on? Can I somehow slow it down?
- Each cell in a woman's body has a point of application to female sex hormones, therefore, with the onset of menopause, not only hot flashes and sweating appear, but also psycho-emotional disorders, problems of vision, skin, nails, hair, urogenital disorders and a number of other symptoms. If the changes associated with the onset of menopause, relate only to appearance, then you need to contact a beautician. But, if you have other symptoms of menopausal syndrome, it is worthwhile to contact the gynecologist and endocrinologist regarding the appointment of hormone replacement therapy, which, by the way, will improve the condition of your skin and hair.
Do not panic!
I'm 37, but I'm already afraid of menopause. They say that with its onset, women literally fall apart. Are my fears justified?
- With the onset of menopause, every second woman actually has a risk of developing cardiovascular diseases and osteoporosis (decrease in bone mineral density in those parts of the spine and femur that contain receptors for female sex hormones). But these problems are easily prevented by starting the hormone replacement therapy in time, the need of which should be determined by a gynecologist or gynecologist-endocrinologist.
In any case, do not set yourself up for the worst. Each woman has a menopause period differently and depends on her constitutional, psychoemotional status.
I am only 45 years old, and I have a year since the menstruation stopped. The doctor said it was a climax. I'm at a loss. Is it a bit early for me?
- Termination of menstruation is a genetically determined condition that occurs between the ages of 45 to 55 years. An earlier onset of menopause can be associated not only with hereditary predisposition, but also with such objective reasons as poor ecology, unbalanced nutrition, chronic stress. Some somatic diseases, especially endocrine (thyroid, pituitary, etc.), as well as taking a number of drugs (in particular, antidepressants, sedatives), can accelerate the onset of menopause for 2–3 years. What prompted the onset of early menopause in you, you need to deal with the gynecologist-endocrinologist.
Better to make sure
I heard that the first time after menopause, you can get pregnant. It's true?
- This possibility does exist, therefore, women who are in the late reproductive phase and on the eve of menopause must take contraceptives. On this account there are clear recommendations of the World Health Organization. If a woman is healthy, if she is not overweight, if she does not smoke, if she does not have cardiovascular diseases, congenital pathology of the blood circulation, diabetes mellitus and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, she can be given low-dose modern hormonal contraceptives.
But if women of this age have any of the above contraindications to their admission, then the tablets can be replaced with an intrauterine system, which releases low doses of the hormone gestagen, which acts directly in the uterus area at a fairly low concentration in the body. In addition, this type of contraception has a healing effect. For example, reduces the risk of endometrial hyperplasia, endometriosis, uterine fibroids of small sizes.
However, if the woman had her last menstrual period more than a year ago, we can say that her menopause has already come, the ovaries are completely depleted and the secretion of female sex hormones has stopped, so pregnancy cannot occur. In this case, contraception is no longer needed.
I just can't decide if I should take hormones. They say they make life easier with menopause. A friend advised me to drink the same as she did. Maybe try?
Olga, Nizhny Novgorod
- You should not take drugs for hormone replacement therapy on your own! Only a doctor can prescribe them after you have completed a full clinical examination, which should include an ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs, mammary glands and / or mammography (if the woman is more than 45-50 years old).
If disruptions in the cycle have just begun, but the menstruation is still occurring, it is also necessary to determine the level of female sex hormones, and if there are problems with the thyroid gland, conduct a study of its function. It is useful to check the condition of the liver and hemostasis (blood coagulation system). In the future, such studies need to be repeated annually. After all, a hormonal drug is often prescribed for a long time.
Regular examination is also necessary to ensure that the doctor has a guideline on which particular drug you are shown - tablet or parenteral, bypassing the gastro-hepatic complex. Not only its effectiveness, but also safety depends on how correctly the treatment is chosen.
Since I started menopause, I suffer a lot from “hot flashes”. Tell me why they happen and how can this be handled?
- Tides are due to hormonal imbalances and a shortage of female sex steroid hormones, resulting from age-related regression of the ovaries. Reducing the level of estrogen and progesterone in the blood directly affects the hypothalamus - the brain region, which, among other things, regulates body temperature.
Here you can advise one thing - to change your lifestyle. And first of all - to adjust the power. It should be diverse, but preference should be given to fish, poultry, dairy products, which contain enough calcium. At the same time it is better to stew and cook dishes, but not to fry.
Spend more time outdoors, walk more often, and if you can, go in for sports (swimming, skiing, dancing, cycling, etc.). A good effect gives a daily douche, but in no case a sauna or a bath. Especially if you have myoma nodes in the uterus.
The homeopathic remedies or herbal remedies containing phytoestrogens for three to six months can alleviate the symptoms of menopausal syndrome.
How to postpone the onset of menopause and stop the first signs?
At a certain stage in the life of a woman, a time comes when the extinction of the hormonal activity of the ovaries begins, and menopause begins. This phenomenon sometimes occurs without any changes, except for the termination of menstruation. But most often menopause occurs with characteristic symptoms (sweating, flushing, chills, headache, sleep disturbance, and others).
At the same time, the body begins the process of aging, increases the likelihood of developing a heart attack or stroke, and there is a risk of fractures that are difficult to treat. Therefore, at present, many women are tormented by the question of whether it is possible to stop menopause, and what effective methods currently exist for this.
What is climax?
Climax is the specific transitional stage from the reproductive period to the menstrual pause. A menstrual pause is a period in which the number of menses gradually decreases.
Usually in the period after forty years, the extinction of the hormonal function of the ovaries is observed, and it lasts for about five years. Fading is characterized by a less regular menstrual cycle. In addition, there are other symptoms that occur during the menstrual pause, but they are irregular, then appear and then disappear.
For most women, menopause is a real stress, so many women want to know what medicines to stop menopause, and is it possible.
What are the phases of menopause
Specialists under the term "menopause" imply a complete cessation of menstruation. Also, menopause is considered to be that long period of time, during which notice certain changes that indicate the extinction of the function of the sex glands.
In menopause, it is common to separate three specific phases:
Premenopause is the first phase to start. Its signs are the first specific symptoms, indicating the beginning of the hormonal adjustment of the female body, and finishes the phase at the moment when the last critical days pass. This process in healthy women should begin at about forty-five. Особенность данной фазы - это дисфункция яичников.
Менопауза – это вторая фаза завершения репродуктивной функции. Женский врач констатирует, что у женщины наступила менопауза в том случае, если после последних критических дней в течение года не было ни одной менструации. В норме прекращение месячных должно происходить примерно в пятьдесят лет.
Postmenopause - the finishing stage of the onset of menopause. It consists in the complete cessation of critical days. In this phase, the ovaries begin to atrophy, since they have ceased their work and no longer play an important role in the body.
At the same time, a woman who has overstepped the menopause period should use contraceptives during the first year since her onset. The thing is that because of the increase in the interval between critical days, there is no possibility to determine the period of ovulation, and therefore the risk of getting pregnant remains.
Symptoms of menopause
When there is a violation of the menstruation cycle, this can be considered the main and main symptom of physiological menopause. Initially, the delay is small, about a week, and then the interval increases to a month or more. The discharge becomes more scarce, but in some cases, uterine bleeding can occur.
In such cases, a woman should be vigilant, as this can speak not only about the normal course of menopause, but also about the presence of certain diseases, for example, about a tumor. If a woman has a similar bleeding, then you need to immediately visit the female doctor.
The specialist determines menopausal syndrome. There are 3 three different groups of pathological symptoms when menopause occurs:
- endocrine manifestations.
With neuropsychiatric symptoms, a woman is subject to a sudden change of mood, she is very irritable, she is tormented by an irrational feeling of anxiety, sleep disturbances, insomnia, and possibly depression. Appetite changes, or become strong, or disappears altogether.
Cardiovascular symptoms include migraines, vascular spasms, hot flashes, and dizziness; a woman sweats more.
With endocrine symptoms, the thyroid gland and adrenal glands are disturbed. Therefore, there may be problems with the joints. A woman freezes more and gets tired faster. Her body weight is changing.
The most frequent symptoms at the end of the reproductive function of the body are hot flashes. According to statistics, during menopause, they suffer from 70 to 80% of the weaker sex. A sign of tide is headache, nausea, and after that there is a sharp surge of warmth. Palpitations and heartbeats become rapid and blush develops, temperature may occur.
Tide has a duration of thirty seconds to several minutes. These attacks can be both night and day. If the tide occurs at night, then it may be accompanied by insomnia. Sometimes, hands and feet become numb or tingling limbs.
In rare cases, a woman may faint. An unpleasant symptom is urinary incontinence and burning at the time of urination.
Menopausal heat flush
How to stop the tides during menopause? This question is asked by women who are particularly unpleasant to experience these symptoms. To reduce these unpleasant feelings, experts often resort to using hormone replacement therapy. If the attack is accompanied by mild symptoms, then to reduce the unpleasant symptoms, you can take a cool shower, or at least go out to breathe fresh air.
How to stop early menopause
Usually in women, menopause occurs at the age of fifty. During menopause, the process of production of pituitary and ovarian hormones gradually slows down. Accordingly, the woman loses the ability to conceive and bear the fetus.
But, unfortunately, there are cases when this process starts ahead of time and a woman, while still young enough, loses the opportunity to become pregnant. Therefore, some young women care about whether it is possible to stop the early menopause.
In the early menopause heredity is often to blame. If the relatives of menopause came early enough, then the likelihood of early menopause increases greatly. It does not matter how old the girl was when she had her first menstruation, the number of pregnancies and deliveries.
Bad habits can also contribute to the onset of early menopause, for example, smoking. Many wonder how to stop early menopause. It can be prevented. Experts say that women who have taken hormonal contraceptives for a long time, later face the onset of menopause.
By the way, it was noticed that those representatives who later entered the climacteric period did not notice any pathological symptoms. And those ladies who experience early menopause experience very strong and painful symptoms.
Early menopause treatment
Since these women have signs of menopause are severe, most often they need special treatment. Treatment needs removal of the most severe symptoms. Doctors in this case also apply hormone replacement therapy. To do this, they prescribe the use of female hormones - estrogen and progesterone. Also, the gynecologist advises to apply homeopathic and herbal preparations. But in any case, hormone intake is not able to stop the climacteric process.
Also, women are interested in the question of how to stop menopause with folk remedies, and is it possible? As in the case of drugs, this process cannot be completely stopped, but with the help of folk remedies it is possible to delay it.
To do this, you need to maintain physical activity and exercise. In addition to the obvious advantages of physical education, exercises will help to fix the metabolism, and therefore the removal of harmful substances and toxins from the body will be accelerated. The body will thus get rid of the signs of an early menopausal period, and this, in turn, will help maintain a longer normal female monthly cycle. You do not need to physically exhaust yourself; it will be enough to do morning exercises or swim in the pool. It will help to keep in shape Pilates, articular gymnastics, or even simple evening walks on foot. By the way, thanks to the latter, sleep will improve.
The next advice on how to stop the onset of menopause will be a periodic intake of vitamins, since, first of all, it is the immune system that suffers. To support it, you can drink vitamins A, C and E, take calcium. This will positively affect the appearance of the woman. Vitamins stop the aging of the skin, make it more elastic, the condition of the nails and hair also becomes better. Receiving trace elements reduces irritability and improves mood.
Since alcohol consumption and smoking adversely affect the vascular system, and this impairs the blood supply to vital organs, you should limit yourself to such harmful pleasures.
Of course, a healthy atmosphere at home and at work also favorably affects the work of the female cycle, so all women should avoid all sorts of stress. By the way, a psychologist can help to translate the soul and head into a harmonious state, although in Russia it is not so popular. In other countries, women often resort to the help of a psychotherapist, and they visit him regularly.
There are situations when you have to provoke artificial menopause. More precisely, it becomes an adverse reaction to the removal of the ovaries. After surgery for the removal of hormone production is sharply reduced, and this leads to the appearance of symptoms that are similar to the signs of physiological menopause.
Although in some patients, after such a surgical intervention, menopause proceeds without any unpleasant symptoms, this is possible if the body quickly adapts to new conditions.
Changes in the body during menopause
As it was written above, the signal that the menopause is approaching is a disturbance in the menstrual cycles. Some women do not experience other signs of menopause, except for the failure of the menstruation cycle. Over time, menstruation disappears completely, but this is preceded by an increase in menstrual cycles.
There is severe vaginal dryness. Later, the appearance of the genital lips changes - they become thinner and the vagina loses its elasticity. Atrophic processes affect the cervix and the uterus, the breast loses elasticity, its shape changes. There may be specific discharge, and during sex a woman feels discomfort.
The skin becomes thinner. Most women develop osteoporosis. A feature of this disease is the thinning of bone tissue, the maximum density of which is observed in thirty years. Then every year the bones gradually become more vulnerable. Due to the development of osteoporosis, the risk of fractures and cracks increases.
During menopause, cholesterol levels and lipoprotein levels increase. The latter contribute to the occurrence of heart diseases. Also, many women have a weight gain.
At the end of reproductive age uterine bleeding can occur, so you need to know how to stop bleeding during menopause. These signs can talk about the development of certain diseases, including cancer. Therefore, it is impossible to ignore this situation. And it is wrong to believe that in the period of menopause, any non-standard manifestations are the norm. Women need to know not only how to stop uterine bleeding during menopause, but also to find out the cause. After all, bleeding may be associated with hormonal changes, and may indicate the appearance of tumors.
Uterine bleeding can be long and last for several weeks or more. With particularly intense bleeding increases the threat not only to health, but also to life.
When bleeding is necessary to examine and carry out curettage of the mucous membrane of the cervix and body of the uterus, as well as conduct a histological study.
In addition, you should know that too strong periods before menopause, adversely affect the body and deplete it. Therefore, you need to know how to stop menstruation during menopause. For this you need to record in the diary of menstruation during the process, if there is a pathology, then you need to go to the gynecologist.
How to stop uterine bleeding during menopause
Specialists in the conservative treatment of drugs using means of hemostatic action. Most often, the doctor after treatment of the patient to relieve symptoms prescribe hemostatic therapy.
This is well suited "Ditsinon", it can be produced in different forms. Equally effective is the tool "Oxytocin". The drug is hormonal.
Can I do this therapy at home? Not always. There are cases when you can not do without surgery, so when uterine bleeding is necessary to conduct a thorough study.
Treatment of pathological menopause
To eliminate the unpleasant manifestations of pathological menopause, they use hormone replacement therapy drugs (they include estrogen), usually tablets, occasionally ointments, suppositories or patches that have the same composition. In addition, in addition to estrogen, progestins are included. They are useful for the prevention of endometrial hyperplasia.
In addition to hormonal treatment, some non-hormonal treatments, herbal medicine and physiotherapy are used. It is also useful to undergo a course of treatment with means aimed at preventing and treating osteoporosis. In special cases, the doctor prescribes a course of antidepressants or sedatives.
The timing of menopause
Climax without any intervention occurs in women in different ways. This period is conventionally divided into several stages. First comes premenopause. It is believed that the gradual extinction of hormonal activity begins 10 years before the first manifestations.
Then he comes directly to the menopause with all the symptoms and the absence of menstruation. At the very end, there is postmenopause, when complete and irreversible extinction of ovarian function occurs.
Menopause, which occurs at the age of 35-40, is considered early, and is not the norm. The first symptoms are usually observed at the age of 45 to 50 years.
In the case when the climacteric period comes after 55, then additional research should be conducted and a probable hormone-active tumor should be excluded. But sometimes later extinction occurs as a result of the individual characteristics of the woman’s body.
Is it possible to slow down old age?
The timing of menopause can be affected by such factors:
- The presence of bad habits
- Physical overload
- Chronic genital infections,
- Heavy labor
- Frequent abortions
- The presence or absence of regular sexual activity.
All manifestations of menopause are associated with a decrease in progesterone and estrogen levels, which secrete the ovaries under the control of the pituitary gland. Therefore, to compensate for their level and reduce the severity of negative manifestations, hormone therapy is used.
There are several types of remedies that are used to delay menopause:
- In the period of predclimax, doctors advise to drink contraceptives, which contain estrogens and progestogens,
- When the first symptoms appear, it is recommended to take combined agents, which include estrogen and progestin. This - Proginova, Ovestin, Estrofem. Sometimes a woman is recommended estrogen monotherapy.
The drugs are available in the form of tablets, gels, ointments, transdermal patches and suppositories. Selection of dosage is carried out exclusively by a doctor, taking into account the general condition, severity of symptoms, laboratory data.
Contraindications to the use of replacement therapy is the tendency to thrombosis, bleeding, autoimmune diseases, high pressure.
There are also safer (albeit less effective) herbal supplements that help compensate for the lack of estrogen while avoiding the side effects of hormonal therapy.
Preparations of this series contain phytoestrogens, which are substances similar in chemical structure to female hormones, which, once in the body, facilitate the flow of menopause. In addition, they replenish the woman's body with useful vitamins and other substances.
Such well-known remedies as Klimadinon, Klimaxan, Chi-klim, Ladys formula help to delay the climax. Their action is based on the restoration of hormonal levels due to estrogen-like substances.
Their effectiveness is proved by the fact that the severity of manifestations of menopause is significantly reduced, and in mild cases, the woman's condition returns to normal. The indication for their use is intolerance to hormone therapy.
In alternative medicine there are herbs, many of which formed the basis of drugs and dietary supplements. They assist and allow a woman entering into adulthood to feel good, not experiencing the inconvenience of a transitional period. How to delay menopause with herbs? To do this, you must properly prepare and regularly take infusions and decoctions.
A lot of phytoestrogens contain red clover. If you take it regularly, the tides become less pronounced or disappear altogether, libido increases. In addition, the plant helps to improve the condition of the skin, nails and hair, prevents the appearance of new wrinkles.
For cooking means you need to take two large spoons of grass per 200 ml of boiling water, and soak in a thermos for 8 hours. It is necessary to accept means on an empty stomach, three times a day, the volume of one dose makes 50 ml.
A very well-known remedy is the uterine uterus, which helps stimulate the formation of progesterone, prevents the appearance of bleeding and regulates the cycle in the period of premenopause.
Herbal infusion is easy to prepare. It is necessary to brew one large spoonful of raw material in a glass of boiling water and insist for a quarter of an hour. Drink a large spoon, three times a day, between meals. The duration of treatment is from 4 to 8 months.
A well-known and proven remedy for the prevention of menopause and its symptoms is sage. It contains estrogen-like substances that regulate the balance of hormones, relieves sweating, and improves the condition of the nervous system.
It is used in the form of infusions, tinctures, as food seasoning. It is part of the fees, essential oil is obtained from sage, and its concentrate is added to skin care products and tablets for the treatment of menopause symptoms.
Folk healers recommend using the red brush plant to delay menopause. This herb not only compensates for the lack of hormones, but also has a positive effect on the psyche, with a soothing effect. Its use allows you to normalize the weight, replenish the supply of useful trace elements.
For the preparation of funds should take 50 grams of dried raw materials and pour 0.5 liters of vodka. Insist at least a month in a dark place. Take half an hour before breakfast, lunch and dinner, one large spoon. Do not take the infusion before bedtime.
It should be noted that natural remedies for overdose can act as poisons. Therefore, before applying the decoction or tincture, you need to consult a specialist.
Для отсрочки наступления климакса и нормализации состояния во время менопаузы, женщине следует соблюдать такие рекомендации:
- Следить за весом (не переедать, но и не сидеть на жестких диетах),
- Стараться, чтобы в меню преобладали растительные жиры, овощи, ягоды и фрукты,
- Исключить вредные привычки,
- Проводить много времени на свежем воздухе и вести активный образ жизни.
The onset of irreversible changes in the period of menopause in a woman can be stopped. To do this, there are a number of ways offered by traditional medicine and traditional healers. But the most acceptable method or set of measures should be selected only with the participation of a specialist.
Climax as a natural process in a woman’s body
Scientific studies of recent years confirm the fact that it is possible to avoid the early process of wilting, which invariably begins with the advent of menopause. To achieve significant results and delay the onset of menopause, you need to comply with several conditions. Particular attention should be paid to your body by women who have a hereditary factor of early menopause.
According to statistics, the natural aging process, coupled with hormonal changes in the body of a woman begins at 45-50 years. This applies to those cases when she led a healthy lifestyle. In many women, menopause occurs earlier due to a hereditary factor or under the influence of bad habits, negative influence of the environment, stress, obesity.
To make it clearer, what mechanisms affect the duration of female youth, and how menopause can be stopped, you need to consider the menopausal process in detail.
Menopause is divided into three main stages, each of which causes certain symptoms and conditions:
- The process of premenopause. When this period begins, it is difficult to establish. Conventionally, it is defined as the beginning of hormonal changes in a woman’s body. The stage of premenopause ends with the last menstruation.
- Menopause. More often associated directly with menopause, when egg production stops, and the woman feels strong hormonal changes. In reality, menopause occurs one year after the last menstruation.
- Postmenopause is the process of completing hormonal adjustment that lasts about 3-5 years after menopause. The production of the estrogen sex hormones stops completely, but during this period the woman may continue to feel the manifestations of menopause, experiencing all the same symptoms, although much less frequently.
Since the hormonal changes that precede menopause begin even before the last menstruation is fixed, experts advise that you should start to engage in the prevention of rejuvenation from the age of 35. It is necessary to lead a healthy lifestyle: eat right, avoid strong psycho-emotional upheavals, play sports, move more, be sure to visit your gynecologist.
How to delay the onset of menopause - all the ways
With a great desire to delay menopause, you can apply different ways of effectiveness, each of which will affect the body in different ways. Of course, to delay the upcoming menopause, hormone therapy works better. Doctors advise against the effects of drugs containing the synthesized hormone progesterone not only when the menopause process is started, but also as a prophylactic after 35 years.
Climacteric period begins at different times. Therefore, it is necessary to understand that a doctor should prescribe such drugs on the basis of a gynecological history, analysis of genetic susceptibility and examination results.
Studies have confirmed that women who have no children or who have given birth only once, but who have not yet breastfed, have earlier manifestations of menopause. In contrast to them, mothers of many children do not age any longer and their ovaries work longer. This is due to the fact that during the period of gestation and in the process of lactation the ovaries do not function, respectively, their reserve lasts longer.
Being at risk for early menopause, women should clearly monitor the menstrual cycle and be tested for hormones, and if they are not sufficiently developed, take active measures.
Modern medicine helps delay the onset of menopause with the following therapies:
- natural prophylaxis and vitamin-mineral therapy,
- with the help of herbal medicine (herbal infusions),
- reception of phytoestragens, dietary supplements,
- hormone replacement therapy.
Each method is effective in its own way, and it is more expedient to use all types of therapy as they intensify, in order to really prevent menopause and keep menopause for 5-10 years. The ideal prevention will be the combination of all the methods that are best suited for each age. For this you need:
- lead a healthy lifestyle with 30 years and even earlier
- conduct courses of prophylaxis with infusions of special healing herbs to prolong youth from 35-40 years old,
- take phytohormones and dietary supplements from 40-45 years,
- resort to hormone replacement therapy after 45 years.
All terms may vary depending on the recommendations of the attending physician. Before taking any type of hormones, you must contact your gynecologist.
From the point of view of gynecology, the concept of a “healthy lifestyle” contains a set of measures aimed at maintaining general health and strengthening physical fitness.
For women over 35, it is important to change your lifestyle in the direction of maintaining health, observing the following rules:
- Avoid stress and psycho-emotional upheavals (cortisol is a stress hormone that violates the production of estrogen - the main female hormone). With stress and feelings you need to take sedatives.
- Get enough sleep. Night sleep should last 6-8 hours. For insomnia, the doctor may prescribe a sleeping pill.
- Eat right. Increase the dose of fish and seafood, as well as herbs, nuts, valuable vegetable oils, increase fiber intake. Avoid large amounts of carbohydrates, saturated fats, sugars.
- Exercise regularly. Physical activity increases metabolism, which directly determines the production of hormones. Useful jogging, yoga. Effectively affects the female body Tibetan hormonal gymnastics.
In addition to these recommendations, it is important to note the fact that bad habits (alcohol, smoking) adversely affect not only the beauty of a woman, but also the production of hormones, which inevitably brings menopause for several years.
Medicinal herbs for the extension of female youth
To postpone the onset of menopause and reduce the symptoms of menopause, you can use traditional medicine. Useful properties of herbs used since ancient times, and now the wisdom of centuries is scientifically confirmed. Phytohormones are natural plant hormones. It is proved that they have a positive effect on the female body and help stop menopause. The best herbs for phytoestrogen treatment are as follows:
- grass lungwort,
- Red clover,
- calamus root,
- liquorice root,
- juniper berries and roots,
- red brush.
Despite the fact that herbal remedies have a relatively weak effect in comparison with hormonal preparations, they are excellent at the early stages of premenopause and as a prophylactic agent. Their use in the complex of measures to slow the onset of menopause.
Non-hormonal therapy and dietary supplements
In addition to herbal herbs, pharmacology uses the properties of phytoestrogens in ready-made homeopathic preparations. The use of such funds allows for a long time to take phytohormones in the required dosage without the need to regularly brew herbal infusions.
As a natural hormonal therapy, the body perceives phytoestrogens more easily., and they have practically no contraindications, unlike synthetic hormonal drugs. However, these tools have a pronounced effect and can delay menopause only with long-term use.
Among the variety of drugs containing plant hormones, to delay the onset of menopause under the following means:
Despite the seeming harmlessness of homeopathic medicines, it is not recommended to use them without the appointment of a gynecologist.
How to delay menopause with hormone therapy
The main goal of replacement therapy is to artificially integrate the missing hormone into the chain of processes occurring in the body. With menopause, estrogen is most often lacking. However, to reduce the risk of negative side effects, this hormone is often combined with progestogen.
Synthetically synthesized hormonal drugs include the following: Melsmon (for injections), Divina, Hormplex, Triaclim, Klimonorm, Angelik, Klimene, Ovestin, Femoston are products containing estrogen or combined with progestogen.
Synthetic hormones should be taken only with the permission of the attending physician. Excess hormones in the body can lead to negative consequences. This causes the development of mastopathy, which will need to be treated by other means, and worst of all - the uncontrolled intake of hormones can trigger the growth of cancer cells. Therefore, self-medication is excluded. Hormonal drugs show the best results in the fight against menopause, but they need to be taken correctly.
When the menopause comes
Typically, the period of menopause or menopause occurs at the age of 50-55 years. This age range is considered physiological, and menopause can be considered timely. Unfortunately, more and more situations occur when a woman has all the signs of menopause on her face when she is 40 years old. Climax, which occurred in the period from 40 to 50 years, is called early. What threatens early menopause, you need to know every woman.
Factors determining the onset of menopause:
- Heredity. Very often, genetics is the main criterion for the onset of menopause. If menstrual and hormonal function ended early in the generations in women, this is usually due to some genetic features.
- Features obstetric history. It is believed that the more women had completed pregnancies and childbirth, the later menopause begins. Also, the earlier onset of menopause is associated with the rejection of breastfeeding. There is a relationship between early menopause and high reproductive technologies. Women who have made many attempts at IVF, numerous stimulations of the ovaries, unfortunately, are paying with the early exhaustion of their reserve.
What threatens the early menopause
Menopause occurs due to ovarian depletion and insufficient production of estrogen. Nature has laid down that by a certain age the organism is gradually being prepared for a period of calm. Early menopause provokes the onset of many conditions and diseases.
Estrogens in the female body perform a lot of functions that many patients do not even realize. In addition to the reproductive task, estrogens are involved in the regulation of the cardiovascular system, have a protective effect on the vessels and the brain, regulate the mineralization of bones. The earlier the level of estrogen decreases, the earlier a woman will have disorders in certain systems of the body.
- Osteoporosis or bone mass reduction. Without an estrogenic background, bones accumulate less calcium salts, become more brittle and transfer loads worse. Osteoporosis is most pronounced in the vertebral bodies, the bones of the limbs and the pelvis. Women complain of dull aching pain in the bones, and it is also easier to break bones, even with minor injuries and minor injuries.
- Arterial hypertension often begins in women simultaneously with the first manifestations of menopause. High blood pressure not only aggravates hot flashes and other unpleasant side effects of menopause, but also causes irreversible changes in the kidneys, heart, and brain.
- Disorders of the heart. Like hypertension, for the first time an arrhythmia or signs of oxygen starvation of the heart can disturb a patient for the first time during the period of menopause. These cardiovascular manifestations are directly associated with a decrease in the protective effect of estrogens on the heart, arteries and blood coagulation system.
This list lists possible options for complications that are characteristic of both early menopause and timely. It is important to understand that early menopause will provoke all these diseases in a woman in 40-45 years, that is, 10-15 years earlier.
How to prevent early menopause
Many women in their 40s and 45s are in leadership positions, travel, meet, fall in love, get married and even have children. And this is much more correct than to lie in the hospital with a hypertensive crisis against the background of severe early menopause. There are some helpful tips on how to prevent premature menopause and preserve women's health. Having changed the fourth dozen you need to radically reconsider your diet and eating habits.
- The food should be more frequent and the portions smaller. Nutritionists advise to take a portion of food, equal in volume to his fist, every 3 hours.
- As much as possible to avoid preservatives, dyes, artificial additives, margarine, mayonnaise, ready-made semi-finished products, smoked meats, sausages. All these products stimulate lipid peroxidation and the formation of free radicals, causing cancer and tissue damage, including the ovaries.
- The basis of the diet should be proteins and complex carbohydrates (cereals, potatoes). Protein rations should be submitted low-fat varieties of pork, beef, turkey, chicken. You can include various types of fish in the menu, especially oily sea fish (mackerel, herring, red varieties). Fats should be reduced, but in no case should we refuse them completely. Vegetable oils contain a large amount of vitamins and phytoestrogens, which are needed to stop menopause.
- Maximum include in the diet products containing vegetable estrogens: all types of legumes, corn, brewer's yeast, wheat, flax. Wheat in the form of white bread, semolina and muffin is absolutely not suitable. The best choice would be sprouted wheat germ or coarse wallpaper flour. Flaxseed oil and seed are truly a treasure for menopausal women. In addition to phytoestrogens, flax contains a huge amount of vitamins, including omega-3 fatty acids. Flaxseed oil can be taken orally, make it a mask for the face and scalp.
- Physical activity. German scientists who studied the period of rehabilitation of women after treatment for breast cancer, it was proved that regular exercise has reduced the recovery period by half and significantly reduced the number of relapses. This is due to an increase in the metabolic activity of tissues during sports loads. The higher the metabolism, the faster free radicals, toxins and other harmful substances are eliminated.
Therefore, dosed physical activity is shown by absolutely all women after 40 years. It is not necessary to run marathons or engage in intensive shaping. Ideal swimming, aqua aerobics, yoga, Pilates, articular gymnastics, dancing or just long walks in the fresh air.
- Vitamin therapy. If the regular additional introduction of vitamins in young people and children is questioned by many experts, then vitamin therapy in perimenopausal age is beyond doubt. Additional administration of the antioxidant complex, that is, the vitamins of groups A, E and C, in women over 40 years old is mandatory. Vitamins are taken in courses by month 2-3 times a year. You can also periodically take polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3), iron and calcium.
Diagnosis of menopause
Unfortunately, sometimes, despite all efforts, the onset of early menopause cannot be avoided. In this case, it is very important to identify the problem in time and prescribe the necessary treatment.
The following tests will help determine the onset of menopause:
- Blood test for sex hormones. Usually estimate the levels of estradiol, FSH, LH, prolactin, testosterone. In some cases, a hormone that indirectly indicates an ovarian reserve may be recommended for analysis by an anti-Muller patient.
- Blood test for thyroid hormones. This is also a very important criterion, since dysfunctions of the thyroid can mimic the symptoms of menopause: cycle disturbances, sweating, flushing.
- Ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs. The doctor will assess the state of the ovaries, the presence of follicles in them, the thickness of the endometrium.
- Densitometry or measurement of bone mineral density. This study will show changes in bone mineralization with estrogen deficiency.
- Breast ultrasound and mammography - X-ray of the mammary glands. Evaluation of the state of the mammary glands is very important for the further prescription of hormonal drugs.
Further, according to test results and clinical manifestations, a diagnosis will be made indicating the severity of the climacteric syndrome.
Hormone replacement therapy or HRT. Early menopause is a direct indication for prescribing hormone replacement therapy in the absence of contraindications. Many women are afraid of even the very word “hormone therapy”. They immediately come to mind terrible complications in the form of cancer, changes in the nature of hair growth, excess weight and other contrived horrors.
It is important to understand that estrogen and progestin replacement therapy does not lead to weight changes or other aesthetic changes, at least for the worse. Да, искусственное введение эстрогенов может повышать риски рака молочной железы и тела матки. Пациентка непременно должна знать об этих рисках.But also a woman should be informed that when taking HRT she is obliged to undergo an annual examination to prevent the development of these complications.
Hormone replacement or menopausal therapy is a continuous introduction of either pure estrogens or their combinations with gestagens. These hormones exist in the form of tablets, pills, skin gels and patches. Of course, HRT is prescribed only by a doctor after a preliminary thorough examination.
As a rule, hormonal drugs are taken for a long time, until the onset of the physiological menopause, with further trial cancellation or reduction of doses. HRT is also prescribed for women with timely menopause, in cases of severe menopause or severe osteoporosis.
Unfortunately, there are situations when the appointment of hormones is contraindicated. Such situations include any even treated cancer of the breast and female genital organs. With great care, appoint HRT to women with blood clotting disorders, thrombosis in history.
Such patients can take phytoestrogen drugs. As a rule, such drugs contain extracts and active extracts from tsimitsifuga, yam, soy, peony, hops. Of course, the effect of such herbal preparations is weaker than HRT, but in such cases there is no other way out.
Estrogen local action
These drugs also provide tremendous assistance to women who, for one reason or another, cannot take hormones of systemic action. This group of drugs is represented by vaginal creams and suppositories containing estrogen. Such funds are not absorbed into the blood and do not have a systemic effect on the body. Estrogens in them work locally, greatly alleviating urinary disorders and vaginal dryness. These drugs can be taken for a long time, according to special schemes recommended by the doctor.
Treatment and prevention of early menopause is a teamwork of a woman and a gynecologist. It is important for a woman to give birth to children in time, to breastfeed them, to choose competent methods of contraception, to eat right, to lead a healthy lifestyle. The gynecologist, for his part, must in time help the woman recognize menopause, explain the modern methods of correcting this condition and prescribe treatment in time.
What factors affect the onset of early menopause, whether to be afraid of menopause and how to keep young, the answers are presented in the video:
Prevention methods for early menopause, advice from doctors
Most often, the period of menopause in women falls on the age of 48-52 years. But there are more cases when menstruation stops in women aged 35-40 years, and this gives a woman a lot of inconvenience with unpleasant symptoms. What causes early menopause? How to stop menopause, which began prematurely?
Climax: What is this condition?
Menopause or menopause is a condition in which the reproductive system of a woman goes into rest. In other words, menopause is the gradual loss of the ability of the female body to fertilize.
Age-related changes in the ovaries lead to the fact that they gradually cease to react to the hormones that the pituitary gland produces.
This leads to the fact that the level of gonadotropic hormones increases, while the level of progesterone and estrogen decreases markedly.
This hormonal adjustment in the female body leads to destabilization of the menstrual cycle, over time, the monthly and completely disappear.
The size of the poppies and ovaries are reduced, the mucous membrane of the reproductive organ becomes thinner, which leads to vaginal dryness. This explains the pain that a woman can feel during sex.
Changes in the body during menopause are reflected in the bladder. It loses its elasticity and muscle tone, which can lead to incontinence. Because of this, a woman has a lot of inconvenience.
During menopause, a woman may experience other unpleasant symptoms: heart failure, frequent depression, headache, insomnia, sweating, irritability, flushing. All these manifestations of the body require immediate treatment to the doctor.
What can provoke early menopause?
The main reasons for the early onset of menopause are:
- frequent stress
- unfavorable ecology
- strict diets
- poor nutrition,
- excessive body weight
- uncontrolled use of hormone-containing drugs
- thyroid disease,
- reduced immunity
- gynecological diseases
- hereditary factor.
Is early menopause dangerous?
If the beginning of menopause occurred at the age of 35-40 years, then its course is long and very difficult for a woman. At this time, wrinkles, pigment spots appear, the skin begins to lose elasticity, dry eyes are felt.
Diseases of the heart and blood vessels begin to appear due to the deterioration of cholesterol metabolism. Atherosclerosis develops, the risk of heart attack and stroke increases.
Although the ovaries do not have reproductive function, they also produce hormones androgens, which affect the woman’s figure, which leads to the deposition of fat in the buttocks, thighs, and waist. The form of the mammary glands also changes, their elasticity is lost.
The woman becomes absent-minded, memory problems appear. With the onset of menopause, many women may develop type 2 diabetes due to the immunity of the organism to inulin. However, the greatest danger of early onset of menopause is that osteoporosis begins to develop, and the pace of its development is very fast.
What are the symptoms to recognize early menopause?
Early menopause can be determined by the following body signals:
- frequent tides in the upper body,
- excessive sweating
- skin has become less elastic,
- hair and nails become brittle,
- pulse has increased,
- exhaustion physically and psychologically,
- hypertension, hypotension.
What to do with early menopause?
Is it possible to stop menopause? In order to stop early menopause, hormone replacement therapy is prescribed.
It may be such dosage forms: tablets, vaginal suppositories, patches, intrauterine devices.
To the transition to the period of menopause was not a shock for the body, it is necessary to use special hormonal means prescribed by a doctor for two years.
If hormonal treatment is contraindicated, non-hormonal agents are prescribed. These are homeopathic preparations, antidepressants, anticonvulsants, nutritional supplements and blood pressure lowering drugs.
It is very important to make the diet right. It must necessarily contain vegetables and fruits in large quantities, and the consumption of meat products should be limited.
Vegetables and fruits are rich in micro-and macro-elements, antioxidants, and vitamins that are valuable for the body, without which the normal course of biochemical processes is impossible.
With daily consumption of fresh fruits, the vessels will be cleaned, blood pressure will normalize, sleep patterns, tides will disappear. In other words, the unpleasant manifestations of menopause will disappear.
To strengthen the hormonal background you need to make life as active as possible. Pay attention to sports in the hall, morning jogging and walking, swimming in the pool.
How to postpone the beginning of the early menopause?
If at least one of the symptoms listed above appears before the age of 45, you should immediately visit a gynecologist, an endocrinologist, an oncologist, and undergo a prescribed examination. It is very important to start fighting early menopause as early as possible, and this requires the help of a doctor.
You need to understand that only a doctor will be able to determine the functional capabilities of the ovaries by the results of tests. If necessary, select the desired course of treatment. Only a properly chosen treatment can alleviate and reverse the symptoms of aging.
As a rule, with early menopause, drugs with herbal extracts in the composition (substitutes for female sex hormones) are prescribed.
Folk remedies will help to postpone the climax
With the appearance of symptoms of early menopause, the use of medicinal plants will be useful: peppermint, pharmaceutical chamomile, Lavsey, red clover, hops. In the treatment of plants can be used: white mistletoe, shepherd's bag, initial letter medicinal, horse chestnut, hawthorn, blackberry, valerian medicinal, sage, rosemary. These funds are used in the form of decoctions and tinctures.
Here are some recipes of traditional medicine for early menopause:
- Dill water. Removes unpleasant manifestations of menopause, reduces the number of tides, normalizes sleep. Need to take 3 tbsp. spoons of dill seeds and pour them 0.5 liters. boiling water. Let insist in a thermos for an hour. Dilute with boiled chilled water to make 1 liter. fluid. Take 100 ml. half an hour before meals 3-4 times a day. The course of treatment is 4 weeks.
- Red clover. You will need to pour 2 tbsp. spoons of dry raw material 1 tbsp. boiling water. Insist in a thermos for 8 hours. Strain and take before meals with 50 ml every day until the symptoms disappear.
- Oregano. To prepare take 2 tbsp. spoons of dry raw materials and pour 2 tbsp. boiling water in a thermos. Insist 4 hours. Strain, divided into three steps. Drink before meals every day, until the unpleasant symptoms disappear.
Is it possible to stop menopause 3
Turning off ovarian function at a certain age is inevitable. But it is difficult to come to terms with it if the symptoms of menopause are detected before the prescribed time. After all, then it lasts longer, the changes are harder, and I don’t want to age prematurely. At the first warning signs, women begin to look for a way to stop menopause. But is it real if the process is running?
How to delay menopause and avoid its early manifestations
Sooner or later, women think about aging. And not only the appearance begins to disturb the fair sex. The first minor changes in the functioning of the body make themselves felt.
Hot flashes, rapid pulse, sweating and chills, loss of elasticity of the skin, brittle nails and hair section and baldness, those extra pounds. All this calls the onset of menopause.
And the question arises: how to postpone the onset of menopause, and is it possible?
Is it possible to delay menopause?
The answer to this question is yes, but it has some "but". There are methods that help delay the onset of menopause, but since each organism is individual, these methods are not able to help absolutely everyone.
Some women manage to delay the arrival of menopause for a couple of years only with the help of phytotherapy and lifestyle correction, while others are not enough and have to resort to HRT methods (hormone replacement therapy).
Hormone therapy is a more effective method of preventing signs of early menopause, but it can not give any guarantees.
How to delay the onset of menopause with herbal medicine?
It is no secret that herbs, if properly applied, can carry a positive effect on the body. Is it possible for all available herbal infusions to help avoid such unwanted menopause? Herbs are not a panacea, but one of the means of traditional medicine.
Mint, chamomile, hops, blackberries, hawthorn, rosemary and a pleasant tea party with possible benefits provided. Herbs are more beneficial in that they act without negative consequences.
In plants there are vitamins that are necessary both for preserving and prolonging youth, and also in small quantities and phytohormones.
How to take sage during menopause? Make sage instead of tea or with it. Usually they drink sage with oolong. Also, you can take a tablespoon of horsetail and calamus root, brew boiling water in half liters. Further, after the mixture is infused, you should drink 100 grams of the infusion half an hour before meals.
Herbal collection of ten grams of licorice, twenty grams of hops, sage, yarrow and calamus root, forty grams of nettle and leaves of black currant and thirty grams of linden has a good result. To push the menopause should insist collection of 400 ml. boiling water and take 100 ml. throughout the day.
How to push the onset of menopause hormonal drugs?
To postpone the period of menopause, you can take hormones and phytohormones. But in both cases, you should initially consult a doctor.
To pass tests not only for hormones, but also a blood test for sugar and glucose tolerance, a biochemical blood test for a certain level of cholesterol.
The gynecologist will select for you exactly those preparations that fit directly to your body. Do not forget everything individually.
One - two years of hormone treatment is enough for a woman to smoothly enter the menopause. It is known that taking hormonal contraceptives can prevent early menopause, but when the first signs of menopause make themselves felt, the gynecologist can prescribe such drugs with synthetic hormones: Proginova, Divigel, Estrofem, Ovestin.
Hormone replacement therapy for menopause involves the regular intake of estrogen in its pure form, or in combination with gestagens.
These drugs are available in the form of tablets, pills, and patches, as well as gels. Usually, hormonal drugs are taken intermittently, and before the onset of menopause.
When taking those means further reduction of the dose of the drug and the observation of changes under their influence.
It happens that the use of hormones is impossible due to contraindications. Such patients can take products with phytoestrogens. They also help to restore the balance of sex hormones. This group of drugs can be represented by vaginal suppositories, pills and creams. Their use is possible for a long time and, as a rule, side effects are minimal or absent.
Will vitamin therapy help stop early menopause?
Regular additional introduction of vitamins in young people and children is called into question by doctors.
But vitamin therapy in women who are slowly but surely suited to the age of menopause does not cause doubts among specialists.
Be sure to take in additional volume of vitamin complexes for women over forty years. It is advisable to take them courses two or three times a year, taking breaks.
Proper nutrition is one of the surest paths to the goal. Forget about diets. Better eat more often, but less. Add in the diet of vegetable fats and dairy products. Eliminate mayonnaise and ketchup. Let complex carbohydrates (cereals) form the basis of your diet.
As for the protein diet, it will now be represented by beef, turkey or chicken meat. Better not to eat pork. All types of legumes can be used with almost no restrictions. Corn, wheat and flax are useful ingredients in your diet.
But white bread and pastry should be limited. Coarse wallpaper flour is the best choice.
No bad habits
It should abandon bad habits. Smoking adversely affects the walls of blood vessels and blood supply to organs.
No other external factor causes such harm to the ovaries as smoking, and therefore brings the menopause.
Moderate consumption of red wine and dark beers will be the prevention of vascular atherosclerosis. One glass of wine or 200 grams of beer can be considered a moderate dose of alcohol.
What about sports? As never by the way, this sentence will be recalled. Move more, go to the gym, dance, yoga is very much in fashion, remember how you like to swim and sign up for the pool.
Buy yourself a subscription, it will be a guarantee that in two or three classes you will not abandon your noble undertaking. Your muscles in business, do not forget about the power of thought. Read more books, develop intellectually.
The brain will thank you, and your thoughts will be a little distracted from the realities of being.
Remember the advertisement: “Pause, eat“ TWIX ””. Fuss, work, we always hurry somewhere and do not have time, our body is in constant stress. Pause, relax. Make a cup of coffee, close your eyes and imagine yourself on an uninhabited island, and let the whole world wait. Putting off all your worries and dedicating your time to yourself, is what you are shown to do regularly.
Work will not run away from you and the difficulties will not go away, but your body will tell you many thanks. Learn how to press the "off" button. Do not hold in yourself no anger, no offense at someone. Be above it. Smile at sunrise, wink at the world around you.
Devote one day of the week to yourself: sleep plenty, change the situation - take a trip to the sea, to the forest, to the lake, go to the cinema, meet friends.
Myths and misconceptions about the beginning of menopause
Trying to explain premature menopause, women trust the following false statements:
"Late deliveries push back the onset of menopause."
As much as we would not want this, but this point in our mind does not help to postpone the onset of menopause. Give birth to health and on time, while your body is healthy! Then the pregnancy will be easier, and it will be easier to give birth. For the prevention of early menopause, try other ways.
But do not forget about common sense! И хочется предупредить, что беременность возможна и на фоне раннего климакса. Immediately disappointed supporters of thought: you give birth more and breastfeed, menopause will come faster. This would be so if it were about the birth rate of more than ten children. And in our world, a family with three children is already considered to have many children.
And to talk about the effect on early menopause of pregnancy and breastfeeding in this case is not necessary.
"Early menopause depends on the onset of menstruation."
It is necessary to hear the statement that the earlier the girl began menstruating, the earlier her menopause will come. Girls, girls, women, now you can relax. All this from a number of myths. Recent studies by scientists have shown that there is no connection between the beginning and the end of your reproductive cycle.
Prevention of early menopause
It is worth taking care at an early age about the future of the girl's body. Parents love to load their children with various useful activities, from their point of view.
Write down to music, take to drawing, dance classes ... And this we are missing from the list of the school, which already takes half a day.
Parents should not forget that the best tool for a healthy body and further prevention of early menopause is the absence of stress from a young age. And of course, follow the proper nutrition of the child.
Already from an early age it is necessary to instill the concept of proper nutrition. After all, from 12-13 years old girls begin to feel that their reflection in the mirror does not correspond to generally accepted standards of ideals. Hence, unauthorized diets are another blow and stress to the body, which is absolutely useless at such an early age.
Prevention of early menopause is nothing more than work in a team of a gynecologist and the woman herself. A woman needs to give birth to children in time, undergo a subsequent period of lactation, take correct contraceptives, follow the daily diet, give up bad habits. Specialist - gynecologist, in turn, is obliged to help recognize the menopause on time, explain all the features and prescribe the correct treatment. Proceed to the prevention of menopause should be long before its occurrence. It is important to minimize all stressful situations and eliminate infectious diseases. It is necessary to temper, to observe the daily regimen - to avoid chronic fatigue, heavy loads and psycho-emotional loads. It should engage in sports, gymnastics, more often to be in the fresh air. Only if all of these recommendations are followed can we hope that the menopausal period will come much later. Approaching the turn of 45 years, every woman begins to think that her youth is leaving. The first symptoms of menopause eloquently say that aging begins and very soon the first deep wrinkles, health problems and difficulties with sexual life will appear. In this regard, many women are concerned about the question of how to postpone the onset of menopause and whether it is possible to stop early menopause. In most patients, the first symptoms of menopause begin at the age of 45 to 53 years. This is considered normal. However, it often happens that menostasis comes a little earlier and at the age of 38-40, a woman may notice that the menstrual cycle is failing and the first tides are felt. Doctors call such a deviation early menstruasis. Premature menopause is usually accompanied by the presence of certain disorders and pathologies in the body, and therefore requires careful diagnosis and treatment. In 4-5% of menopause may occur after 54 years. This phenomenon is characterized as late menostasis. Most often, late menopause is due to heredity and does not require special treatment. The duration of menopause can reach in some cases 10 years. In this case, at this time, the patient experiences all the unpleasant symptoms of menostosis. In case of severe menopause, women are recommended to take special medications. Also, with the help of medicines and folk remedies, the onset of the “women's autumn” can be postponed for several years. Important! Failure of the menstrual cycle can be a symptom of not only menostasis, but because with the first irregular menstruation schedule, you must go to the doctor! How can we delay menopause or prevent its manifestations, this is the main question for patients aged 40 years and older. It is worth noting that only 20% of all women experience severe symptoms, but the fear of hot flashes in patients is so strong that they are ready to delay menopause by all means. According to the statements of doctors, it is quite possible to postpone the onset of menopause, for this it is only necessary to exclude factors that contribute to the rapid decline of the ovaries. The main thing is to treat all developing gynecological and endocrine diseases in a timely manner, and also to lead a healthy lifestyle. Then, according to the statements of doctors, the ovaries will work like a clock, and the “women's autumn” will come much later. To delay the onset of menopause without medication will help:
How to delay menopause?
When menopause comes
Ways to delay menopause
A woman needs to give birth to children in time, undergo a subsequent period of lactation, take correct contraceptives, follow the daily diet, give up bad habits.
Specialist - gynecologist, in turn, is obliged to help recognize the menopause on time, explain all the features and prescribe the correct treatment.
Proceed to the prevention of menopause should be long before its occurrence. It is important to minimize all stressful situations and eliminate infectious diseases.
It is necessary to temper, to observe the daily regimen - to avoid chronic fatigue, heavy loads and psycho-emotional loads. It should engage in sports, gymnastics, more often to be in the fresh air.
Only if all of these recommendations are followed can we hope that the menopausal period will come much later.
Approaching the turn of 45 years, every woman begins to think that her youth is leaving.
The first symptoms of menopause eloquently say that aging begins and very soon the first deep wrinkles, health problems and difficulties with sexual life will appear.
In this regard, many women are concerned about the question of how to postpone the onset of menopause and whether it is possible to stop early menopause.
In most patients, the first symptoms of menopause begin at the age of 45 to 53 years. This is considered normal.
However, it often happens that menostasis comes a little earlier and at the age of 38-40, a woman may notice that the menstrual cycle is failing and the first tides are felt. Doctors call such a deviation early menstruasis.
Premature menopause is usually accompanied by the presence of certain disorders and pathologies in the body, and therefore requires careful diagnosis and treatment.
In 4-5% of menopause may occur after 54 years. This phenomenon is characterized as late menostasis. Most often, late menopause is due to heredity and does not require special treatment.
The duration of menopause can reach in some cases 10 years. In this case, at this time, the patient experiences all the unpleasant symptoms of menostosis. In case of severe menopause, women are recommended to take special medications.
Also, with the help of medicines and folk remedies, the onset of the “women's autumn” can be postponed for several years.
Important! Failure of the menstrual cycle can be a symptom of not only menostasis, but because with the first irregular menstruation schedule, you must go to the doctor!
How can we delay menopause or prevent its manifestations, this is the main question for patients aged 40 years and older. It is worth noting that only 20% of all women experience severe symptoms, but the fear of hot flashes in patients is so strong that they are ready to delay menopause by all means.
According to the statements of doctors, it is quite possible to postpone the onset of menopause, for this it is only necessary to exclude factors that contribute to the rapid decline of the ovaries.
The main thing is to treat all developing gynecological and endocrine diseases in a timely manner, and also to lead a healthy lifestyle.
Then, according to the statements of doctors, the ovaries will work like a clock, and the “women's autumn” will come much later.
To delay the onset of menopause without medication will help:
Interesting! According to the results of research, women practicing yoga have almost no cases of premature menopause!
How can we delay menopause and avoid its manifestations
At the very first manifestations of menopause, you can significantly delay the manifestation of unpleasant symptoms and prolong the life of the ovaries, doctors say. But most importantly, according to specialists, this is the time to start therapy.
Methods of dealing with menopause at the initial stage make it possible to maximize youth and to postpone the appearance of unpleasant symptoms.
And with the right treatment, a woman may not even encounter hot flashes and other unpleasant manifestations of menostases. The transition to the post-climax stage in this case will be soft and natural.
Today there are several treatment options that will help delay menopause and ease its manifestations.
Hormone replacement therapy
Immediately, it is worth noting that HRT drugs are prescribed only in the case when a different therapy does not bring the desired result.
Substitution treatment consists in artificially replenishing the lack of own hormones, by taking synthetic analogues.
These pills for menopause have many contraindications and side effects, and therefore can be administered only after a full examination of the patient.
Despite the fact that modern HRT drugs have microscopic doses of hormones, therapy is contraindicated in many diseases.
Any doubt of the doctor about the adequacy of this treatment becomes a rejection of hormonal treatment.
It is for this reason that you cannot take hormones yourself, because you can provoke the development and aggravation of various pathologies, including cancer diseases.
Important! What medications to take, the dosage and the schedule of admission should be selected only by the attending physician on the basis of a full examination of the woman's health.
Treatment with natural remedies
Today, doctors are trying to normalize the hormonal background of patients after 40 years and delay the onset of menopause with natural products.
These products do not contain synthetic hormones, but contain vegetable components similar in structure to human hormones. Such tools are absolutely safe and can be used for a long time without harm to health.
Natural non-hormonal tablets are also recommended in the case when the patient found contraindications to hormone replacement therapy.
These drugs are most effective in the very first stages of hormonal changes. If you start taking them at the first failure of the menstrual cycle, you can delay menopause for several years. Tablets restore hormones and stimulate the ovaries, which makes the delay natural and safe. Among the most popular natural products are the best:
All of these products contain vegetable estrogens, minerals and vitamins. This group of drugs effectively restores the menstrual cycle, eliminates anxiety and sleep disorders, strengthens the nervous system and nourishes the body with beneficial substances.
Important! Each woman is individual, and therefore a drug that is effective for one patient may be useless for another!
Herbs to delay menopause
Postpone menopause can and folk remedies. There are many popular recipes based on herbal remedies, which help to postpone menopause in women in the early stages of menopause.
Also, these herbs effectively relieve the unpleasant symptoms of menopause in menopause and make it easy to transfer this difficult period of restructuring of the body.
You can postpone menopause with the following herbs:
- Red clover,
- Red brush,
- Calamus root
From herbs you can make tea or alcohol tinctures. They need to be consumed for a long time, but when properly taken, these plants help to remove unpleasant symptoms and delay menopause for several years.
Important! Healing herbs have contraindications. You can use them only after consulting a doctor!
How to push back early menopause
Predicting early menopause is not possible. Even the hereditary factor cannot be the basis for the orientation of the age when this difficult period in the life of an individual patient comes. However, it should not be forgotten that every woman can face this problem, which means that the best way to prevent early menostasis is prevention.
What is early menopause? This is a pathologically premature stop of the ovaries. Symptom of premature menopause is a cyclical failure of the menstrual cycle earlier than 40 years.
That is why the prevention of early menopause is to prevent factors that affect the work of the endocrine glands. Taking care of your health should be young.
This popular wisdom is absolutely right regarding women's health.
From the first menstrual period, the girl should regularly visit the children's gynecologist, who will monitor her menstrual cycle, and conduct regular check-ups for inflammation and other female diseases. Also, the gynecologist may be the first to notice a hormonal imbalance that can lead to problems in adult life.
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Having matured the girl should also come to an appointment with a doctor at least once a year. Also, girls are encouraged to maintain a healthy lifestyle, eat right and play sports. If you follow these guidelines throughout your life and treat any diseases in a timely manner, you can easily avoid early menopause.
When comes female climax
As a rule, the beginning of menopause is diagnosed at the age of 40 - 45 years.
We are talking about the onset of a pre-menopausal period, when during the functioning of the ovaries less and less estrogen is produced, which leads to menstrual disorders.
The period of the onset of menopause may occur in absolutely different ways in each individual case, but there are also general signs of its onset. It is not only about failures in the menstrual cycle (early menstruation), but also concerns:
- characteristic tides, accompanied by a feeling of heat,
- accelerated heartbeat without any exertion or cause
- artery calcification (calcium salt deposition),
- weight gain
- reduction of skin density and elasticity,
- increased blood pressure
- increased irritability and mood swings.
Symptoms of onset of menopause can manifest as excessive sweating, as well as bouts of severe pain in the head. Disorders in the ovaries can also affect the level of patient performance. This also applies to the general weakness of the body.
The climax itself is usually divided into three main stages: premenopause, menopause and postmenopause. Premenopause takes the entire period when estrogen production gradually decreases and menstruation stops.
Menopause is the stage lasting a year after the end of the last menstruation. The age at which we should talk about the onset of menopause is completely individual and primarily depends on the patient's genetic predisposition.
At the end of menopause comes postmenopause.
One of the most tangible features of the onset of menopause is an increase in the activity of already existing diseases, especially gynecological ones, as well as a predisposition to new formations and disturbances in the work of the genital organs. That is why only the attending gynecologist will be able to suggest how to delay menopause most effectively and without any further complications.
As for the signs of this period, they can be observed both individually and several at a time. The main reason is precisely the restructuring of the reproductive system in the body and a decrease in estrogen levels, a violation of the usual hormonal balance.
Causes of Premature Menopause
Too early onset of menopause is a pathology and requires a mandatory gynecological examination, as well as the advice of a doctor. This is especially true of how to stop menopause if pregnancy is planned. It is necessary to consult a gynecologist if menstrual irregularities are observed systematically without any obvious reasons.
Among the main causes of early menopause in women it is worth highlighting:
- individual (genetic) predisposition of the organism,
- constant stress and depression,
- excessive alcohol consumption and smoking
- previously difficult labor
- prolonged abstinence from sexual activity
- thyroid disease,
- surgical interventions
- past infectious diseases
- high degree of obesity
- disorders of the central nervous system
- postponed chemotherapy,
- prolonged fasting and adherence to radical diets.
As practice shows, individual predisposition to early menopause is quite rare. To a large extent, everything depends on the lifestyle of the patient himself, including with regard to physical activity and a full-fledged diet.
How to delay the onset of menopause in women?
Climax - it's autumn time in the life of a woman. She begins to age faster, she is plagued by unpleasant menopausal symptoms, and due to a weakened immunity, the existing diseases become more acute, and new ones appear.
Therefore, many ladies are wondering how to push the onset of menopause. In today's time there are a huge number of drugs that correct menopause. In this publication, we will consider in detail the question of how to delay the onset of menopause and whether it should be done.
When is the autumn of women
It should be noted that menopause is quite a long period, which stretches for more than one year.
It includes the following steps:
- Premenopause - symptoms of menopause begin to appear.
This is due to a decrease in the hormonal function of the ovaries. They begin to gradually produce fewer female sex hormones - estrogen and progesterone. A deficiency of these hormones provokes the manifestation of menopause. The first symptoms of menopause are changes in the menstrual cycle. Monthly come with a delay and last fewer days. A woman becomes irritable, tearful, overly touchy, she is tormented by headaches, blood pressure spikes, sleep disturbances begin, hot flashes and sweating appear.
- Menopause - this is the last menstruation after, which year there was no independent menstruation.
Therefore, to determine the onset of menopause can only be retrospectively. During this period, the level of sex hormones is reduced to a minimum value.
- Постменопауза – завершающий этап климактерического периода, на котором организм окончательно перестраивает свою работу с учетом отсутствия половых гормонов и начинает функционировать по-новому.
На этом этапе даму уже не беспокоят симптомы климакса, которые были ранее. She faces such manifestations as dry skin and vaginal mucosa, hair loss, urinary incontinence and others.
All women have a climacteric period very individually. Stages of premenopause and postmenopause can last for a different amount of time and are accompanied by different intensity of symptoms.
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Causes of early menopause
Early and late menopause is a deviation from the norm. Specialists, studying the question of how to delay menopause identified a number of factors that provoke the occurrence of such deviations.
Climax is accompanied by different problems in different periods.
Early menopause may occur for such reasons:
- genetic feature of the body
- severe stressful situations and depression
- bad habits (use of alcohol, drugs and tying up),
- difficult childbirth,
- prolonged absence of sex life
- disorders of the central nervous system
- thyroid disease,
- surgical removal of the uterus and ovaries,
- postponed chemotherapy,
- infectious diseases,
- strict diets and fasting
- poor nutrition.
As you can see, a lot of factors influence the onset of early menopause. Therefore, a lady who wants to prevent the onset of menopause should take them all into account.
Is it possible to postpone the onset of menopause
Scientific studies confirm that it is possible to stop the aging process for a while. To do this, you must comply with a number of conditions, as well as hereditary predisposition The natural process of hormonal changes in the body of a woman begins to occur after 50 years while observing a healthy lifestyle. Under the influence of external and internal factors, changes in the timing of menopause may occur in the direction of decreasing or increasing. Modern science and drugs can prolong a woman’s youth and ability to reproduce by 10–15 years.
The process is divided into three stages:
- Premenopause (10 years before the onset of menopause: the first symptoms appear).
- Menopause (actually menopause - cessation of hormone production, egg release, a year after the absence of menstruation).
- Postmenopause (the final process lasts 3-5 years after the last menstruation).
Nine out of ten cases confirm: the menopause will come at the age that all women have the maternal line. It is necessary to clarify this question in advance. Then it will be possible in time to figure out how to delay the menopause. Experts believe that 35 years is a time when a woman must realize the seriousness of preserving youth, and begin prevention for rejuvenation. Many studies write about the problem more globally. Throughout life, from early childhood to adulthood, it is necessary to avoid stress and lead a correct lifestyle (food, sports, a combination of work and rest).
How to delay the onset of menopause with hormone therapy
The doctor, explaining how to delay the onset of menopause, will explain the principle of the action of hormone therapy. The basic idea is to replace the missing hormone. The doctor, having conducted an examination, will tell you exactly what processes in the mechanism of the functioning of the follicular apparatus in the ovaries undergo changes. A drug is prescribed that will be inserted into the hormonal chain of the reproductive system and prevent extinction.
The means of hormone replacement therapy include:
- Melsmon (for injection) - placental origin, has a natural composition. Affects the pelvic organs. Promotes the synthesis of sex hormones and the activation of reserve sources of vital energy.
- Hormplex - contains estrogens. Compensates for hormone deficiency at the cellular level with minimal side effects.
- Triaklim, Klimonorm, Angelik, Ovestin - drugs containing estrogen and progestogen. Affect the complex on the whole chain of hormonal changes.
How to push climax with the help of herbal medicine
Herbal medicine will help to extend the female productive age. The principle of action is a general tonic effect on the body. How to delay the climacteric period, applying the famous herbs: sage, motherwort, chamomile, licorice? In pharmacies, they are sold in different dosages, separately and in complex preparations. Before use, you must consult a homeopath. The content of each component in the composition of tea, infusion activates the natural processes of production of a hormone. Expert advice will always be appropriate.
How to delay menopause folk remedies
The use of folk remedies significantly help to overcome the age-related changes associated with the hormonal background of the woman. Learn the recipes, how to delay menopause, justified in practice:
- Medunitsa broth - stimulates the production of hormones. 1 cup of boiling water - 1 spoon of lungwort. Infuse and drink for 10 days. The inflorescences of this plant are used to make salad.
- Licorice and Aralia - 1 tbsp. liters of 0.5 liters. boiling water. Brew, drink during the day. The course of 2 weeks is appropriate to pass 2-3 times a year.
- In ratios, as in recipe number 2, you can make a decoction of horsetail, calamus root and sage.
Age of menopause is inherited through the female line
“If your mother, her sister, and your grandmother approached menopause about 50, then in 9 cases out of 10 you will also have menopause about 50 years old,” says medical doctor Nanette Santoro, a member of the board of directors of the American Reproductive Society. medicine.
But the more your older relatives met with menopause at the age immediately after 40 years, the higher your risk of getting into their company. In this case, you should take care of yourself before the first symptoms appear: start from 35 years to use a special Japanese placental preparation in the form of injections and eliminate other risk factors.
Late delivery postpone the onset of menopause
This is not true. To give birth to children is better in the time allotted by nature, that is, up to 28-30 years. Then the woman and the pregnancy will be easier, and the chance of having a healthy baby will be several times higher. For the prevention of early onset of menopause, it is better to use other tools that have long been developed by medicine, and listen to common sense.
Smoking accelerates menopause
Yes. And not just accelerates.
This is a completely unambiguous position of the doctors: no other external factor deals such a powerful blow to the ovaries as a cigarette, which means it brings the menopause closer.
If you smoke, and your mother did not smoke, you will feel the arrival of menopause earlier. And vice versa. If you smoke - quit, there can not be a second opinion.
The sooner the girl came menstruation, the sooner the menopause
Recent studies do not confirm this. In particular, scientists from the American Society for Reproductive Medicine cite the following facts: despite the fact that in recent years, the average age of menarche (that is, the onset of the first menstrual periods) from the 20s of the last century has decreased from 13.3 to 12.4 years, the average age of menopause remains the same - 51, 5 years. So, there is no logical connection between these events in women's life.
The use of hormonal contraceptives allows you to postpone menopause
And this statement is also not true.
The effect of hormonal contraceptives is based on the fact that ovulation does not occur. One would assume that once the egg does not come out of the ovary, then this is an effective way to prolong the age of entry into menopause.
In fact, hormonal contraceptives do not affect the duration of menopause.
First, the loss of follicles is a constant (and natural) process that occurs in each cycle. It is laid by nature.
Secondly, studies show that even with most contraceptive pills, the ovaries continue to prepare eggs for ovulation. And if the ovulation cycle does not occur, all the eggs prepared for ovulation die out.
Prevention of menopause should begin after the first signs of its approach
This is a very common mistake. Proper prevention of menopause in women begins in childhood. Girls who develop faster than their peers boys very often end up in a situation of endless race. English, figure skating, music school and always high demands that are served under the eternal motto "you're a girl."
The situation is aggravated by the fact that the girl herself from 12-13 years old adds a self-made and illiterate starvation diet to this set of requirements.
It’s good for mothers to remember more often that there’s nothing better to prevent an early onset of menopause than lack of stressprimarily in childhood and adolescence.
Prevention of menopause: what to do
However, if you are no longer 10 or even 35 years old, and you really want to, if not avoid climax, then at least get to know him no earlier than 50, everything is in your hands.
There are several very important points, by changing which, you will find yourself in a completely different reality, where most likely the menopause will come later and it will be much easier to pass.
Increase stress resistance
The fact that our time is “a time of stress and passion” was known fifty years ago. The speed of life has not decreased since then, we always run somewhere, do a hundred things at the same time and drive ourselves into stress traps.
To fight him, it is necessary to adopt several techniques.
Do not think of a white monkey. This often seems impracticable, but try not to loop around your difficulties and problems, get distracted. On a book, a movie, chatting with friends.
There is an effective way: take yourself an hour a day, especially for thinking about the problem you are concerned about. And make sure that this hour only think about it. But the rest of the time - chase her away. After some time, you will learn how to “turn on” and “turn off” thoughts about it - then you can begin to reduce the time allotted for thinking about the problem. And, of course, try to solve problems as they are received, and not think about them for days.
Let off steam. You can harbor an insult in yourself, but this will not increase your resistance to stress and certainly will not help you get rid of it. Beat a pillow, break a cup (in Japan, even special cheap dinner sets are sold, intended to beat them in the heat of family quarrels), watch a comedy or, conversely, a thriller. In general, everything, anything - that will give anger, resentment, irritation.
Rest. Get enough sleep. On vacation, do not sit at home or in the country, change the situation. If there is no opportunity to go to the sea, the lake in the forest and a walk through the hometown in a good friendly company will do.
Once a week, invite yourself on a date. - wherever you want: at the cinema, at a concert, at the theater, just walk. Only two things are important: that no one bothers you, and that you are fun and interesting.
Write. Writing down everything that worries you is also a kind of meditation. The recorded problem acquires boundaries, the beginning and the end, ceases to be a terrible obstacle on your way.
We form the correct feeding behavior
From any diet, despite their loud names, the harm is much more than good - most of them can not provide a balanced diet. And we do not know how to listen to the true needs of the body - because the numbers on the scales are often more important to us than being healthy. Conclusion: not diets and breakdowns, but proper nutrition, which again is better to teach from childhood.
By the way, the ration must necessarily include not only “kurogrud and lettuce leaves”, which are so much loved to write on the weight loss forums, but also a surprise! - fats, and vegetable, and animals. Of course, the need to monitor the calorie intake of food nobody cancels.
Eat often, but little by little. Remember how to feed small children? Every 3 hours a little bit. Over the years, the needs of the body in this regard do not change.
Do not forget about fermented milk products. Cottage cheese and kefir are calcium, and calcium is the prevention of osteoporosis and diseases of the joints.
Fats must be included in your diet. Nuts, vegetable oil, fatty fish varieties - a little, but certainly and desirable every day.
Forget about mayonnaise, ketchup and sweet soda. Choose simple products — that is, those made from clear ingredients in an understandable way. If you really want to fill the salad with mayonnaise, make mayonnaise yourself. Remember that you have every right to know what you eat and why.
The fact that movement is life does not speak and does not write just lazy. But there is one secret: not every movement, but only that which gives you pleasure.
However, there is a pitfall. So you started running or dancing, or riding, or going to the gym. Muscles with unaccustomed to sore, you are hard and absolutely do not want to go to the second lesson.
Try to work out three weeks. Tell yourself: Only three weeks I shake my press in the morning. Only three weeks I get up earlier and go to run in the park. Only for three weeks I buy a subscription to the hall. And after three weeks, look: do you still have to force yourself to engage in violence? If you force - it means, not yours. Look for something else. Don't go dancing - try yoga. Did not like to run - buy a subscription to the pool. For three weeks, of course. Sooner or later you will find what you have dreamed of all your life. Maybe body ballet is your middle name.
What is the reason? In the fact that in 21 days a new habit is inculcated, the body develops and assimilates it. This is not a new action for you, and you can easily determine with a cold head whether you like it or not.
We develop intellectually
And before menopause and during menopause, it is very important to continue to grow, including intellectually. The idea that as soon as a person stops moving forward, he rolls back is very true. The brain is not the least important organ in our body, and the more loaded it is - again, for pleasure - the better the general condition of the body.
There are many applications for brain training, for example, www.cognifit.com. Download a couple on your phone and practice 15 minutes a day.
"Recently in Russia appeared Japanese placental preparation - the only non-hormonal tool that really allows you to push the menopause. It effectively affects the pelvic organs and the synthesis of sex hormones, activates the vitality of the body. As a result of its use, menopause not only comes later, but also passes more gently, almost without unpleasant symptoms.
No need to wait signs of an approaching menopause - it is better to start using it in advance, especially if you have systemic gynecological problems, menstrual disorders, cases of early menopause in the female line ”.
The use of the placental complex from the age of 35 allows to postpone the onset of menopause to 10–15 years and prevent early menopause. This data has a scientific basis. The effectiveness of the drug is proved by the state program of Japan to improve the nation. This tool has been used in the program for more than 50 years, and the average age of menopause in Japanese women has shifted to 60-65 years.
The course is held 1-2 times a year, 2 weeks for 2 ml. x 2-3 times a week
To find out if the placenta is right for you, call the medical administrator at the following numbers:
in Moscow: +7 495 989-21-16, +7 495 723-48-38,
in Kazan +7 843 236-66-66.
Book an appointment online to get a 30% discount on the consultation. Or buy a clinic certificate and pay for any procedures with a 10% discount.
Chance to get pregnant after menopause
Indeed, after about 45 years, ovarian function is significantly impaired. This process is accompanied by a slowdown in the production of hormones, and the maturation of the egg stops. But the problem is that menopause does not occur within one day. Often, the arrival of menopause stretches for many years.
And all this time there is a real chance of pregnancy, since the decline in reproductive activity is very slow. Particularly high risk of ovulation and subsequent pregnancy with early menopause. Therefore, it is recommended for women not to lose vigilance and to use contraceptives in order to avoid unwanted pregnancy.
Another negative side is that a woman in menopause is not always able to notice signs of pregnancy in time. Menstruation comes irregularly, well-being leaves much to be desired, dizziness and fainting are frequent. Pregnancy tests for menopause unreliable. Hormonal background is not very stable at this time.
There is a special classification of periods, allowing to determine whether pregnancy is possible with menopause:
- premenopause, the period during which ovarian function decreases, but they still continue to work. At this stage, the question "Is it possible to get pregnant during menopause?" Is very relevant, because pregnancy occurs quite easily in the absence of protection,
- perimenopause, the period when the ovaries stop functioning. This stage takes about a year. It is believed that in the absence of menstruation for 12 months, pregnancy is impossible,
- postmenopause. Menopause came, climax behind.The female body has stopped producing eggs, therefore, there is no danger of unwanted pregnancy.
Gynecologists are sure that you can get pregnant during menopause. True, not every woman is able to conceive a child in the period of menopause. By the way, it is possible to take the child and with the complete extinction of reproductive abilities, if you use in vitro fertilization with the donor's egg cell.
What are the risks of late pregnancy and childbirth during menopause?
If a woman does decide to give birth late, care should be taken to be under the supervision of a gynecologist during the entire pregnancy. This is the only way to reduce the risk of significant complications in the health of the mother and disorders in the development of the fetus.
- Proginova's dragees contain estradiol valeriate, fill the deficiency of endogenous estrogen, relieve menopausal symptoms in premenopausal and after the removal of the uterus.
When does menopause begin
The first symptoms of menopause begin to appear from 40–45 years. Monthly become irregular, the duration of critical days increases, the discharge is abundant with clots. Closer to 50 years there are long delays, menstruation may be absent for several cycles. As a result, menopause occurs, and menstruation completely stops.
The ovaries no longer produce estrogens, the woman's body lacks sex hormones. This leads to deterioration of health, irritability, vascular disorders, causes insomnia. The condition of the skin worsens, it becomes dry, wrinkles appear, the mammary glands decrease in size, the hair grow dull and fall out.
The greatest discomfort for women in menopause deliver tides. There is a sudden feeling of heat, hyperthermia, reddening of the skin, increased sweating. This condition is hard tolerated by the majority of the fairer sex. Sweating is so strong that it is noticeable to others. In addition, the attacks cause a sharp deterioration in health.
Another sign of menopause is weakening of the immune system. The body can not resist bacteria and viruses, more susceptible to the development of chronic ailments. Slow metabolism leads to impaired carbohydrate metabolism, contributes to the collection of overweight, increases the risk of diabetes. Atrophic changes of the bladder occur, it is difficult for women to restrain the urge to urinate.
In the postmenopausal period, the probability of the formation of endometrial, ovarian, cervical, and mammary gland cancers is increased. Often diagnosed with a benign neoplasm - uterine fibroids. For these reasons, women tend to delay menopause as long as possible, especially if it starts at an early age.
Hormone replacement therapy
How to postpone the onset of menopause, what drugs restore the menstrual cycle? If the recommendations on lifestyle changes and the transition to proper nutrition do not give results, you should contact your gynecologist for medical treatment.
The doctor will conduct an examination, appoint instrumental and laboratory tests. This will help determine the level of sex hormones in the blood, assess the condition of the reproductive system. To delay early menopause and alleviate the symptoms of menopause, hormone replacement therapy with estrogen or combined drugs (estrogens + gestagens) is performed.
Monotherapy is carried out in case of surgical removal of the uterus. If the reproductive organs are preserved, then COC is prescribed.
How to postpone the onset of menopause after hysterectomy, which drugs help to remove unpleasant symptoms?
- Estrofem is an estradiol-based pill. The drug restores the level of estrogen in the blood, reduces the risk of osteoporosis.
- Proginova's dragees contain estradiol valeriate, fill the deficiency of endogenous estrogen, relieve menopausal symptoms in premenopausal and after the removal of the uterus.
- Klimara plaster is a transdermal system that, after fixation on the skin, releases estradiol evenly. The main advantage of using the patch is getting the active substance into the blood, bypassing the digestive tract. This helps protect the liver from the negative effects of the drug and reduce the number of side effects.
- Estrogel Gel contains the active substance estradiol. The use of the drug reduces the appearance of menopause, the number of hot flashes, relieves irritability, prevents dystrophic changes in the organs of the urinary system.
- Ovestin Candles are vaginal suppositories containing estriol. The drug normalizes the content of estrogen in the blood, reduces itching and vaginal dryness, eliminates other symptoms of menopause.
How to delay the onset of menopause in women with a preserved uterus? For carrying out ZGT, except estrogen, appoint reception of the drugs containing gestagens. These are combined oral contraceptives - Duphaston, Janine, Utrogestan. Drugs are selected individually, taking into account age, phase of menopause, the severity of symptoms, the presence of concomitant diseases.
How to push the onset of menopause?
The period of menopause can be considered the most mysterious, illogical and incomprehensible stage in the life of any woman. This life stage is incomprehensible not only for women, but sometimes even for doctors.
Despite the fact that today a huge number of modern studies of this phenomenon have been carried out, many drugs have been invented to correct this process, and there are no exact, unambiguous answers to the questions concerning menopause (its course, manifestations, normal onset time).
At the same time, physicians do not tire of repeating that menopause is a completely natural, physiologically normal process that should be corrected (to try to delay, suspend, postpone) only in emergency pathological cases!
You should not treat menopause as the end of life and the termination of its beautiful moments, looking for a drug treatment that allows you to prolong the youth of the reproductive organs, to preserve the menstrual cycle and the ability to bear children.
It can be said that the climacteric period does not take away youth or health from women - at this stage only the reproductive functions of the body are inhibited.
Nevertheless, women do not cease to be interested, to look for ways to postpone the onset of menopause, because most of the weaker sex think that this is how they can prolong the youth of the whole organism and preserve its former beauty.
Factors affecting the timing of menopause
The development of the climacteric period is due to the occurrence of age-related hormonal rearrangements of the female body, when the ovaries significantly reduce the production of hormones - progesterone, estrogen and others.
This leads to violations of the menstrual cycle, to the fact that the cycle is gradually reduced, and then completely disappears - the eggs do not form, do not mature in the body of women, the ability to conceive offspring is lost.
Normally, this process of extinction of reproductive functions (disappearance of the menstrual cycle) in average women begins at the age of fifty or fifty-three years. But, to completely rebuild the body in a new way, it can take from six months to five years.
At the same time, in medical practice you can find many cases of menopause at an earlier age - at thirty-eight or forty years. If a woman has no children by this age, her mood is depressed, life ceases to please.
Among the factors capable of accelerating the onset of menopause is called:
- Negative heredity
- Bad habits - smoking, drinking alcohol,
- Improper diet and lifestyle.
It is logical to assume that in order to delay somewhat the onset of menopause, it is important to think about adequate prevention of aging reproductive systems in a timely manner - to give up bad habits, to normalize lifestyle and nutrition.
What are some ways to delay menopause?
Initially, we must repeat - physicians strongly do not recommend women at the age of fifty to think about how to postpone the onset of menopause, because this process is considered quite natural.
However, in medical practice it is possible to find cases when the menstrual cycle disappears too early, the reproductive function dies out too early - up to forty years or even earlier.
In such cases, physicians and their patients agree with the idea that this process can be corrected artificially. Such a correction is made:
- By giving the patient hormone replacement therapy,
- Through homeopathy.
For treatment, patients are assigned artificially synthesized hormones, which, according to their characteristics, are close to the substances produced by the female body or specific homeopathic preparations.
In this case, the climacteric process is often quite successfully slowed down, the unpleasant symptoms disappear, but still such treatment does not guarantee patients the onset of pregnancy (if such is desired and planned).
In addition to the medical correction of hormonal changes in the body, it is possible to somewhat slow down the onset of menopause with the help of timely lifestyle changes.
What should be the right lifestyle?
In order to slow down the development of too early menopause, in addition to medicines prescribed by doctors, the patient will have to take care of the health of the whole body.
It is urgent, in this case, to give up any bad habits and excessiveness:
- Do not smoke,
- Do not take alcohol or drugs,
- Do not overeat, give preference only to healthy foods in properly prepared form.
It is advisable to regularly receive moderate exercise - for example, to do swimming, fitness, yoga, etc. At the same time, it is important to remember that exercise should not be excessive, as this can lead to the opposite effect - the progression of menopause.
It is equally important to give your body a proper rest and sleep.
To do this, it is necessary to normalize sleep patterns, timely deal with insomnia, avoid stress. If desired, in the evening before going to bed you can make half-hour walks in the fresh air.
Drug-free methods, pushing the approach of menopause
Phytotherapy can be considered an excellent prevention of the development of early menopause (methods that allow somewhat to extend the reproductive health of a woman).
Certain medicinal herbs can stimulate the body's immune forces, improve health, tone the whole body, and fight aging processes.
That is why some herbal remedies and folk recipes may be quite appropriate for delaying the approaching menopause:
- The use of monastic tea, which consists of herbs motherwort, thyme, oregano, sage and St. John's wort, rose hips and hawthorn. This tea is able to normalize metabolic processes, improve the work of various organs and their systems,
The use of tinctures of the herb of the mellunica, which helps the natural stimulation of the production of female sex hormones.
This herb can be simply added to salads.
It is also permissible to make her broths, which they drink in the form of tea. To prepare the decoction, it is enough to brew one tablespoon of herbs in a glass of boiling water and let it brew,
Important! It must be said that a certain part of phytoestrogens, which allow to delay the onset of menopause, is contained in high-quality green teas, spinach, cauliflower, broccoli or soy cabbage.
This means that it is desirable to include these products in the diet of a woman who wants to last her reproductive health.
Drugs used in hormone replacement therapy during menopause
Recall that hormone replacement therapy is called treatment, designed to replace the missing levels of certain hormones.
This kind of treatment can be prescribed strictly according to indications and only after a full examination, the independent appointment of such treatment is unacceptable!
Usually, if necessary, postpone the climacteric period, physicians can prescribe to patients:
- Monopreparations containing only estrogen - first of all, Ovestin in tablets, suppositories or creams (up to 1,200 rubles), Divigel in the form of a gel (up to 800 rubles) or Estrofem in tablet form (up to 200 rubles),
- Combined means - such as Divina, Klimene, Klayra, Klimonorm Angelik, Norkolut, Femoston and others.
In any case, before deciding on an artificial correction of the natural climacteric processes in the body, it is important for a woman to think carefully and consult a doctor.
It is possible that the seemingly global, in a given period of time, problem is actually not so significant. And the treatment that seems necessary to you, in reality, does not make sense or may be harmful to health.
Do not neglect communication with doctors, do not self-medicate and be healthy!
Read in this article.
Methods of dealing with menopause at the initial stage
Every woman wants to stay young, beautiful, healthy and active. The relentless onset of menopause, many consider as a kind of terrible state, signifying the beginning of old age. How to avoid unpleasant side effects of menopause, is it possible to prevent early menopause and stop aging processes as much as possible?
How to delay the onset of menopause
Since menopause is a completely natural physiological period in the life of every mature woman, the time of its occurrence depends on many factors, including the methods chosen to postpone menopause, which means that women always have the opportunity to preserve external beauty and well-being for longer. It is only important to recognize its arrival as it is an obligatory natural process in the body and to strictly follow the recommendations of the attending physician after receiving the results of the research. For delaying menopause, various medications can be used, as well as folk remedies, but the most important thing from the beginning is to establish a healthy lifestyle in compliance with the requirements of proper nutrition and active leisure. It is these factors that largely determine the time of menopause.
Proper lifestyle and regular checkups
This method is often referred to as natural therapy, when the process of estrogen production and the general state of the reproductive system of the body are affected by changes in diet, giving up bad habits, as well as getting rid of excess weight. These tips are relevant already for women whose age is about 38 years. This period is considered the moment of early manifestation of menopause and requires special attention from both the patient and the doctor.
To successfully delay the first characteristic symptoms of menopause, it is recommended:
- eat right,
- conduct regular gynecological examinations (at least 1 time per year),
- periodically visit an endocrinologist, a mammologist and a therapist,
- timely treatment of existing diseases (especially for the urinary system of the body),
- avoid stress and excessive experiences for any reason.
Each of the listed points has its own peculiarities. For example, the bad habits of overeating should be abandoned in advance, because it is in the fatty tissues that excessive hormones accumulate that interfere with the normal functioning of the reproductive system.
Regular examinations and medical consultations, as a rule, concern the delivery of a blood test, an ultrasound examination of the thyroid gland. It is also important to monitor the work and the state of the internal organs, including in the pelvic area.
In addition to proper nutrition and active rest, special attention should be paid to the absence of constant stresses and psycho-emotional upheavals, due to which the production of cortisol is provoked in the body.
That he is able to disrupt the process of development of the main female hormone estrogen, because of what to avoid manifestations of menopause will be much more problematic.
Of the elements of natural therapy is to pay attention to yoga, provoking the achievement of peace of mind and balance. Auxiliary means in such cases is mint tea or valerian.
Therapy for the early manifestation of menopause due to the intake of medicines should be carried out exclusively under the careful supervision of the attending physician. As a rule, hormone preparations are prescribed, which contain estrogens, which means that they postpone menopause and normalize the necessary hormonal balance in the body. The dosage and duration of treatment can be determined only by the attending physician.
При этом прием гормональных препаратов проводится только после полного медицинского обследования пациента и абсолютного исключения возможных противопоказаний. Если принимать средства в качестве самолечения, можно спровоцировать проявление и развитие опухолей злокачественного характера.
A way to delay menopause can serve as a drug Ovestin, the main substance of which is estrogen. It can be taken as a cream, pill or candle.
A worthy alternative can be considered Estrofem tablets or Divigel (in the form of a gel).
Klimonorm, Norkolut or Femoston should be distinguished from the number of combined medicines, which include progesterones and estrogens at the same time.
In any case, an independent adjustment of the dosage of the drug or the duration of the general treatment course is not allowed. The state of the body should be monitored by the attending physician. Any manifestation of self-treatment most often leads to reverse effects.
The basis of non-hormonal drugs is phytoestrogen. The substance itself is very similar in composition to the female sex hormone estrogen, which is responsible for the functioning of the reproductive system of the body.
A feature of this therapy is the ability to slow the onset of menopause with a lower risk of side effects (compared to synthetic hormones).
Despite this, their reception is allowed only under the supervision of a physician and subject to careful observance of all recommendations.
Before prescribing non-hormonal drugs, which delay menopause more gently and safely, the patient must undergo a full medical examination, which includes:
- Ultrasound of the pelvic organs,
- blood test for hormones.
The peculiarity of treatment with non-hormonal drugs lies in their cumulative method of exposure. The doctor may recommend the use of Estrovela or Feminal. Both drugs are relevant in the diagnosis of early menopause.
In the first case, it is recommended to use 1 to 2 tablets during the day after meals, and the therapy process itself is calculated on average for one month.
In the second case, the treatment process takes from 2 to 6 months of regular use of the drug.
Effectively delay the onset of menopause and allows reception Feyvella, which includes phytoestrogens of soy and red clover, as well as a vitamin complex. The drug is calculated on 1 tablet per day, and the duration of the course is determined individually in each case.
Is late menopause good?
Menopause should occur at about 50 years. So laid by nature. If menopause occurs after 55 years, then this is a deviation from the norm. A woman should always consult a gynecologist and undergo a full medical examination. After all, very often the cause of late menopause is a malignant neoplasm.
The sooner a woman diagnoses a disease, the sooner she can begin treatment and defeat the illness. Sometimes, late onset of menopause, programmed by the woman at the genetic level. As a rule, such a feature is transmitted by heredity. If so was the mother and grandmother, then, most likely, will be their heiress.
Climax is a natural period in a woman’s life, which needs to be postponed only when it occurs prematurely. Postpone menopause for an age exceeding 50 years is not worth it. It is necessary to apply measures allowing to correct this period and to remove the intense manifestations of menopausal symptoms. Then, the life of the lady of mature age will be bright and full.
Methods and methods for postponing menopause
How to delay the onset of menopause? Undoubtedly, menopause is a natural physiological period in the life of every woman, but its occurrence depends on many factors.
Modern medicine allows you to push the menopause such methods:
- natural therapy
- non-hormonal therapy,
- hormone replacement therapy,
- the use of herbal remedies.
Let us consider in detail each method.
Under natural therapy, experts mean active, healthy lifestyle of a woman. How to delay the menopause coming sooner than expected? In order to delay the onset of their women's fall, ladies, starting at the age of 38, need to be more careful about their health.
For this you need:
- Each year, undergo examinations by a gynecologist, a mammologist, an endocrinologist and a therapist.
To undergo blood tests, as well as undergo ultrasound of the thyroid gland, organs of the small pelvis and other internal organs. Do not start existing diseases. It is necessary to carry out preventive therapy of chronic diseases. Special attention requires the urinary system.
- You must try to avoid stress and depression.
In the body during strong psycho-emotional shocks, the hormone cortisol is synthesized, which upsets the balance of the main female sex hormone estrogen. A hormonal imbalance can trigger the onset of early menopause. Therefore, experts advise ladies to practice yoga, which changes the worldview and allows you to maintain peace of mind in many life situations. If stress or communication with unpleasant people could not be avoided, then you should take a sedative or drink herbs (valerian, mint).
- An example of the diagnosis and prescription of the drug HRT.
It is important to adhere to the correct daily routine.
Sleep should last at least 6-8 hours. When a woman does not sleep regularly, she feels chronic fatigue.
In this state, the metabolic processes and the general hormonal level are disturbed, and this may provoke a premature onset of menopause. If insomnia has arisen, then there is no need to hurry to take sleeping pills.
You should take a walk half an hour before bedtime in the open air and drink a glass of warm milk with honey or a cup of green tea with mint.
The diet of a woman who is 40 years old should be dominated by food of plant origin. A lady should like raw vegetables, greens, fruits and berries, as well as dishes from them. After all, it is a source of such important for health vitamins and microelements, as well as fiber, which gently stimulates the work of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract. The menu should contain a variety of legumes, whole grain cereals, nuts and pasta made from durum wheat. You must use good quality olive and sunflower oil. It is important to consume daily lactic acid and dairy products. The amount of butter in the diet should be reduced, but not abandon it altogether. Fatty meats should be replaced with lean (chicken, turkey, rabbit). It is necessary to increase the consumption of fish and seafood. It is necessary to reduce the amount of salt and sugar consumed. You can sometimes use small quantities of dark chocolate, honey, natural marmalade or jam. Lard, margarine, pastry should be excluded from your diet.
In addition, they facilitate the flow of symptoms of menopause. Moderate exercise strengthens the immune system and the nervous system, accelerates metabolism, normalizes metabolic processes, and also restores hormones. It is very important to walk more in the fresh air. Therefore, it is useful to train yourself for morning runs or walks.
Complying with all the recommendations, it is possible, not only to delay the onset of menopause, but also to prevent the development of diseases characteristic of menopause: diseases of the cardiovascular system, diabetes.
The use of herbal remedies
Some medicinal plants allow you to delay the onset of menopause. They effectively stimulate the immune system of women and inhibit the aging process.
It is possible to allocate such effective means:
- Monastic tea, which includes such medicinal plants: hawthorn and rosehip fruits, St. John's wort, thyme, oregano, sage and motherwort.
Acceptance of such a collection allows you to improve the work of internal organs and systems, as well as normalize metabolic processes.
- Broths medunitsy stimulate the production of female sex hormones.
1 tbsp. A spoonful of grass is poured with a glass of boiling water and infused for 20-30 minutes. The resulting infusion is drunk half an hour before meals.
- Complex decoction of sage, horsetail and calamus rhizomes brew and take the same as the medunitsu.
Herbs help delay the onset of menopause and have no side effects. However, they should be taken after consulting with your doctor. He will adjust the treatment - the number of doses per day, the dose of the agent and the duration of the course.
To summarize, I would like to emphasize once again that the question of whether it is possible to delay menopause modern medicine gives an affirmative answer. A large number of hormonal and non-hormonal drugs have been developed to solve this problem. You can use time-tested herbal remedies.
It is only important to take into account the psychological moment - the climax is not the end of a woman’s full life. With his arrival only reproductive function fades away.
If a lady starts to adhere to the recommendations of our natural therapy, we will look great and feel good during menopause. You should not avoid menopause who came in 50 years - everything should be on time. We wish you good health!
And what do you know about methods to delay menopause?
Elena Malysheva spoke FOR! All drugs to combat the symptoms of menopause, are hormonal. Neosense - the best remedy that does not contain hormones.
This is what Elena Malysheva thinks about this drug: “Climax is not easy for almost every woman. About 95% have hot flashes, a little less - sleep problems.
A woman has to struggle with new sensations either with hormones or folk remedies, where it is important to know the exact proportions. Neosense contains 30 plant extracts that increase the level of estrogen and help get rid of hot flashes, normalize mood and sleep, and has a beneficial effect on the body as a whole.«
How to delay menopause and stop the wilting of the female body - methods and means
Women from 40 to 50 years often wonder how to stop menopause. In medicine, there are options for the extension of the fertility period. See what are the methods of delaying the onset of menopause with the help of hormone therapy, herbal remedies and folk remedies. Together with your doctor, choose an individual way to prolong the body's youth.