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Highlight dark color before menstruation: a sign of pregnancy or something else?

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Selection of dark brown, immediately before menstruation, can be both normal and a sign of gynecological disorders. Let's take a closer look and tell you what the dark discharge before the menstruation can talk about.

When can dark discharge before menstruation be considered normal?

Such a phenomenon in a sufficiently large number of women can be called the first sign of the approaching menstruation. Most often they are observed literally a couple of hours before the appearance of menstrual blood. They get their color due to the fact that at the very beginning of menstruation, when a small amount of blood is released, it does not immediately come out, as a result, it becomes dark in color.

It is also scientifically proven that any stressful situation in a woman leads to a change in the hormonal background in her body. As a result, dark bloody discharge may occur shortly before the menstruation itself.

In addition to all the above, it is necessary to take into account the fact that, for example, a sharp change in body weight, with a long diet, also inevitably affects the state of the hormonal system and can lead to the appearance of secretions before menstruation.

In what cases of dark color before menstruation - a sign of the disease?

Despite the fact that this kind of phenomenon can be observed in quite healthy women, in most cases dark, bloody discharge before menstruation means that a woman has a gynecological disease in the body.

Thus, the most common of the female diseases causing similar symptoms is endometriosis. In addition to secretions, the shade of which can be from brown, brown to black, with this violation there are painful sensations localized in the lower abdomen, which are often aching in nature.

With regard to the amount of discharge in this disease, it is small - most often women complain of daub suspicious, dark color.

The second most common disease that is accompanied by the appearance of dark-colored discharge is endometritis. This disease has an infectious beginning. Along with secretions that have an unpleasant smell, a woman notes the appearance of persistent, painful sensations in the lower abdomen of a whining character, which often radiates to the sacrum and lower back, and there are more than one day. All this, as a rule, is accompanied by a breakdown, lack of mood.

It is also necessary to say that many sexually transmitted infections are accompanied by the appearance of discharge shortly before menstruation. So, for example, dark yellow discharge, immediately before menstruation, can talk about pathologies such as:

Speaking about why there may be dark discharge before menstruation, it is impossible not to name such a reason as the presence of tumor-like formations in the reproductive organs. An example of such may be endometrial polyp hyperplasia. With this disease, as a rule, there is a failure of the menstrual cycle, the appearance of premenstrual secretions, daubs at the beginning and middle of the cycle. A woman notes the appearance of pain directly in the pelvis, which often have a cramping character.

With such a tumor formation, like fibroids, dark discharge shortly before menstruation -

frequent occurrence. In most cases, at the initial stage such a violation cannot be identified, since it is almost asymptomatic and does not bother a woman. Only with an increase in education in size increases the pressure that it exerts on adjacent organs, which causes severe pain. It is then that a woman seeks medical help.

Thus, as can be seen from the article, there are a lot of reasons for the appearance of dark color before the very month. Therefore, to accurately establish the one that led to the violation, medical consultation and examination are necessary.

Normal discharge

Allocation before monthly

By themselves, discharge before menstruation is normal, especially during the beginning and end of the childbearing period. In some adult women with a steady cycle, menstrual periods may begin with spotting bleeding - this is an individual norm. In such cases, they usually appear within a day or two before menstruation, have a dark brown or reddish color, gradually change to bloody character and give way to full menstruation. If this happens every time, then do not worry, this is a variant of the norm.

Other types of discharge before menstruation, which are normal:

  • White discharge, more abundant than in other phases of the cycle
  • Yellowish discharge of normal intensity, odorless
  • Stinging brown discharge in women with IUD
  • Spotting several hours before the onset of menstruation

Thus, increased excretion before menstruation is normal, and their brown color may be due to physiological reasons. Sometimes women may have spotting after intercourse, which is most noticeable before menstruation. This is a sign of microscopic vaginal injuries. They are not dangerous to health, but still a partner should be a little more tender.

The most reliable distinguishing feature of a normal discharge is a very low odor or lack of it, as well as a relatively even amount throughout the cycle. If dark brown discharge has an unpleasant smell. or they are more abundant than in the other phases of the cycle, and if they were not there before, then it is worth referring to a gynecologist - perhaps this is a sign of the disease.

Discharge with endometriosis

Endometriosis is a pathological increase in the volume of the inner layer of the uterus. Sometimes it is accompanied by the entry of endometrial cells into neighboring organs and their proliferation there (for example, endometriosis of the ovaries, vagina or cervix).

Read: What is CMV and how to treat it?

The causes of this condition may be congenital pathologies, complications after pregnancy and childbirth, abortion, medical interventions. If endometriosis is not treated, it can cause infertility.

Brown discharge is one of the symptoms of this disease. They are dark brown in color, appear 5-6 days before menstruation, abundant, but almost odorless. Together with them there is pain in the lumbar region, worsening of well-being, irregular menstruation.

Often the early dark brown discharge before menstruation is the earliest symptom, and no other symptoms develop for many years.

Other endometrial pathologies - polyposis, hyperplasia - appear in a similar way. Violations of the hormonal background, which lead to a violation of the menstrual cycle, can also manifest themselves as brown smear secretions that begin several days before menstruation.

Treatment of endometrial diseases is carried out by conservative means - hormonal drugs, diet. changing your lifestyle to a healthier one. In some cases, it is necessary to resort to surgical intervention and elimination of excessive growths of the endometrium.
An important diagnostic difference is that in cases of myometrial diseases (muscular layer of the uterus), excretion can also increase, including before menstruation, but in this case they will have a white or yellowish color, close to normal.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Bacterial genital infections can also last for a long time with minor symptoms, not paying attention to themselves. But they help identify changes in discharge. Light brown or dark brown, they appear independently of the menstrual cycle, but before the menstruations they increase significantly, become much more abundant, and become saturated in color. A characteristic sign is the unpleasant smell of spoiled fish. The appearance of such discharge is a reason to contact a gynecologist as soon as possible.

Additional symptoms that cause bacterial inflammation are painful sensations during intercourse, increased pain during menstruation, and sometimes the temperature may rise. Later, symptoms of cystitis join - pain and cramps during urination, frequent urge, feeling of incomplete emptying.

To determine the pathogen by the nature of the discharge is almost impossible, for this you need a microscopic smear analysis. Along with the detection of the pathogen, its sensitivity to certain antibiotics is also found out. selected the most effective drug. Treatment of sexually transmitted diseases without antibiotics is ineffective.

Read: Reviews on the treatment of endometriosis folk remedies for patients

An important difference is that thrush and other fungal infections of the vagina are accompanied by secretions of a different appearance — they are white for thrush, resemble curdled milk or cottage cheese, for other fungal lesions, white or yellow, flaky, but also have an unpleasant odor. When treating with antibiotics, fungal infections only intensify.

Side effects of hormonal contraceptives

Side effects of hormonal contraceptives

Despite the fact that hormonal contraceptives came to the market for a long time and have already firmly occupied their niche, disputes about their safety are still ongoing. For example, there is not enough reliable data on the effect of this method of contraception on the health of future generations. But the fact that there is now enough to come to the conclusion - the pill is not suitable for all women. In addition, there are many types of them, and the selection of the drug can sometimes take a long time.

Spotting brown that appears before menstruation is one of the first signs that the drug is not suitable for the patient. If this discharge is accompanied by pain or menstruation has become more abundant, changes in the emotional state of the woman are noted, then you should think about choosing another drug or another method of contraception.

But the discharge may not be accompanied by other symptoms. And if their intensity remains about the same throughout the entire cycle, then most likely the gynecologist will not find cause for concern.

An important difference is that if a woman has an intrauterine device, then the brown discharge is normal. They start a day or two before menstruation, they do not smell, they are normal in intensity.

If the discharge does not change over time and appear consistently every month. then it can be considered a variant of the norm.

Brown discharge instead of menstruation

In some cases, dark-brown discharge may appear not in front of menstruation, but instead, or a little later, if a delay has occurred. It can also be a sign of the norm, as well as pathology. The reason for such changes may be a violation of hormonal levels, menopause or the beginning of pregnancy.

Read: Piracetam during pregnancy is prescribed in special cases

During menopause, the rhythm of menstruation is disturbed, they become less intense, irregular. Late periods can be a brown or bloody discharge that lasts 3–4 days or less. This is a sign of normal aging. Worry is when menopause overtakes a woman before 40 years.

Hormonal disorders can also manifest as menstrual dysfunction, irregular and painful menstruation, or the appearance of spotting instead. Such diseases are usually manifested by other symptoms and need urgent treatment in order to avoid infertility. The same side effect can give hormonal contraceptives. In this case, it is worth consulting with a gynecologist.

Implant bleeding is one of the earliest signs of pregnancy that is not considered pathological. It manifests itself by the fact that menstruation does not occur on time, and then a week later there is a spotting or dark brown discharge. Implant bleeding is normal, but not required. At any later date, bleeding and discharge are a sign of threatened abortion.

Brief Memo: What to do with dark brown secretions

Brief Memo: What to do with dark brown secretions

Such secretions are not dangerous if:

  • They start less than 2 days before menstruation.
  • Intensity familiar to women
  • Odorless
  • Appear every time before monthly
  • Appear in adolescence or, on the contrary, in the climax

It is necessary to consult a doctor, but it is possible that the discharge is not dangerous:

  • Discharges appeared on the background of contraceptive coil or pills
  • A woman is not sure of her sexual partner's loyalty, but there are no other symptoms.
  • Menstrual cycle irregular
  • Discharge is more abundant than usual.
  • Discharge appears more than 2 days before menstruation.
  • A woman assumes pregnancy, and this may be implant bleeding

It is necessary to start treatment as soon as possible if

  • The discharge is abundant, have an unpleasant smell.
  • Appear one week before menstruation
  • There are other symptoms of genital diseases or hormonal disorders.

It is impossible to diagnose only on the basis of secretions, but they can give a valuable diagnostic hint, allowing a woman to take action in time, and the doctor to prescribe treatment in a timely manner.

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Highlight dark color before menstruation: a sign of pregnancy or something else?

Throughout the entire menstrual cycle, mucus is secreted from the vagina in women. This is normal if it is not accompanied by a change in texture, color, and other warning signs. Dark discharge before menstruation, most women do not consider as something unnatural, but in rare cases, such negligence to your body can lead to sad consequences.

What do dark discharge mean before menstruation?

If a few days before the onset of menstruation in the mucus emerging from the genital tract there is a small amount of brown patches, then it is too early to talk about pathology. Dark discharge in this period of time speaks of the approach of menstrual bleeding. This phenomenon is considered normal in gynecology. When a woman first encounters dark brown discharge, she should not panic, it is better to remember whether the previous night was stormy? If the answer is yes, it means that during sexual contact there was too little natural lubrication in her genital tract. Because of this, microtrauma could form in the cervix. They are the cause of dark clots.

Normally, dark discharge in small quantities appears in the middle of the menstrual cycle, directly during the period of ovulation. So the body signals a favorable time to conceive a child. But if too much mucus comes out, then it is recommended to exclude possible pathologies with the help of a gynecologist. It is especially important to identify the cause of non-standard discharge before menstruation, when there is even the slightest suspicion of pregnancy. In the early stages. when a woman does not even suspect her position, dabbing from the genital tract can be a sign of miscarriage.

Causes of non-standard secretions

In healthy women, brown daub in a couple of days naturally turns into full-fledged periods. It is quite another thing when the brown discharge begins a week before the expected start of menstruation. The reasons for this phenomenon before menstruation can be:

  • Inflammatory processes in the urinary organs,
  • hormonal disorders,
  • gynecological diseases

  • misuse of oral contraceptives,
  • estrogen-based drugs,
  • surgery in the genitals.

Often women use intrauterine devices to prevent unplanned pregnancy. These devices secrete hormones that prevent conception. Under their influence, there is a change in the menstrual cycle and the color of the smear.

The vaginal discharge before menstruation is also influenced by the psychological state of the woman. In a stressful situation, the body is subjected to strong pressure, affecting many processes, including the hormonal background. Black discharge of menstruation appears, its duration increases.

Accompanying illnesses

Dark brown discharge is a warning to a woman about the development of a serious pathological process in her body.

  1. Endometriosis of the uterus or cervix. Together with brown secretions on different days of the cycle, aching pains in the lower abdomen and around the pelvis appear. In disrepair, a woman has black menstruation.Most often, these abnormalities occur after an abortion, cauterization of the cervix and injury to the organ itself.
  2. Endometritis. Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the uterus, having an infectious origin, is expressed in bleeding before menstruation. In chronic form, go dark brown discharge. A woman feels weakness, dizziness, an unpleasant smell spreads from the genital tract.
  3. STDs Chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis and other infections. transmitted from a sexual partner, can lead to black discharge of menstruation. Additional signs of the disease are - burning, itching, pain when urinating.

  4. Malignant and benign lesions - the most dangerous causes, the first symptom of which may be black discharge of menstruation. In a minority of women, additional symptoms are cramping pain in the pelvis, menstrual abnormalities and the appearance of daubs on any day of the cycle. But more often, a woman will find out about the presence of a tumor only during a routine examination by a gynecologist, the symptoms disappear without pain.

Brown discharge may appear due to many reasons, some of which are quite serious. It is important to recognize the symptoms in time and be examined.

Maybe this is a sign of pregnancy?

Vaginal discharge changes its consistency and color immediately after conceiving a child. The woman is not yet aware of pregnancy, and the discharge is already beginning to turn brown. The absence in the early stages of other symptoms make her think about the beginning of the usual menstruation. In fact, the brown discharge is implant bleeding. It occurs due to the fact that on day 12 after conception the embryo begins the process of attaching to the walls of the uterus. The activity of the ovum during this period increases the formation of mucus, it acquires a creamy consistency, and the color can change from yellowish to light brown.

Implantation discharge comes before menstruation, and very often a woman confuses them. But the difference is significant - at the time of embryo insertion, the discharge is not abundant (just a couple of drops), their color should not be dark. If there was conception, and vaginal discharge resemble abundant menstruation, the woman should immediately contact a gynecologist. Early dark mucus means improper attachment of the ovum to the walls of the uterus, ectopic or frozen pregnancy, the threat of miscarriage for various reasons.

Allocation to menstruation is normal

The female body gives signals of any violations in various ways and brown discharge is one of them. In gynecology, it is considered to be the norm of discharge before menstruation of white or yellowish color.

They are odorless, thick and mucous, their profusion does not exceed a couple of drops, they disappear 2–3 days after the completion of menstruation. Vaginal discharge changes occur due to hormone levels, which depend on the phases of the menstrual cycle.

With normal secretions there is no discomfort - itching, burning, irritation of the external tissues.

Dark brown secretions bother women who have just started or have already finished taking hormonal drugs. These medicines should be taken only on the recommendation of the attending physician and according to a specific scheme.

After three months of taking hormonal pills, the menstrual cycle should return to normal, and the discharge should return to its former state. Also, after their cancellation, the body needs 2-3 months to stabilize all processes.

During this period, the selection of dark color - a normal phenomenon. If the process of vaginal secretions while taking hormonal preparations does not stabilize, then they should be replaced.

But it is impossible to refuse a specific type of medication on its own; a sharp decrease in hormones can trigger heavy bleeding. Dark brown discharge - a sign of failure in a woman's body.

What to do

Women to preserve their health, it is desirable to visit the gynecologist's office at least once a year. Especially when she has occasionally appear uncharacteristic discharge of brown or black color before menstruation.

Seek help in the antenatal clinic should, if vaginal discharge combined with pain and an unpleasant smell. Inactivity in this case has serious consequences, such as infertility, the development of cancer and the removal of the affected organ.

With early diagnosis, modern medicine can reduce and, in some cases, even eliminate the occurrence of consequences.

In the treatment of dark brown discharge, the doctor repels from the overall clinical picture. Infectious diseases are subject to antimicrobial treatment (vaginal suppositories, ointments and medicinal solutions for douching).

Inflammatory processes in the female genital tract are treated with anti-inflammatory suppositories and similar tablets - Hexicon, Betadine and others.

Hormone therapy is designed to stabilize reproductive function by raising the level of estrogen.

In folk medicine, to eliminate smears before menstruation, medicinal herbs are used - St. John's wort, chamomile, calendula. You can use one type of grass, and it is better to take decoctions all at once.

With its beneficial properties, the gifts of nature improve metabolic processes in the body, help to feel a surge of strength. These herbs act on women's health as an anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and wound-healing agent.

A decoction of chamomile women can even douche for 10 days before the onset of menstruation. This will eliminate the inflammation and the appearance of pathological secretions.

Brown discharge before menstruation


Discharge from the external genital tract on the eve of menstruation is a fairly common and not uncommon phenomenon. Many women are very worried about this - what is the norm, and what is pathology?

First of all, every woman should remember for herself that one of the characteristic signs of inflammatory processes in the organs of the reproductive system is the appearance of thick secretions of brown, yellow, green color.

This is especially true of discharge with an unpleasant odor and adherence of genital itching to the whole, burning during emptying of the bladder, hyperemia of the labia majora.

Accurately determine whether a woman has inflammation of the genitals by using a vaginal smear.

Some women have a heavy yellow discharge during ovulation. This condition is the norm, and you can verify this by passing a vaginal smear on the definition of microflora.

An increased leukocyte count in a smear and the identification of pathogens may indicate a progressive inflammatory process.

Without smears and additional research it is impossible to diagnose the presence of inflammation in the reproductive system organs of a woman.

Anxiety or norm?

Many women have a brown vaginal discharge a few days before the onset of menstruation. Gradually, these secretions increase and develop into full menstrual bleeding. This is a normal condition and does not require medical intervention.

Another thing, if the brown discharge from the genital tract begins 5-7 days before the onset of menstruation.

Often this symptom indicates the presence of inflammatory diseases of the uterus, erosion, endometrial hyperplasia or cervical polyps.

Brown discharge before menstruation can be observed due to hormonal disruptions in the body, caused by inadequate intake of oral contraceptives, for example.

In the presence of erosion or polyps on the cervix, the woman may also experience the appearance of brown discharge.

Confirm the presence of a pathological process on the cervix can gynecologist, examining a woman in a chair in the mirrors.

The appearance of brown secretions can be observed after a rough sexual intercourse or vaginal douching, due to internal intervention and injury to the mucous membrane.

Causes of

Very often, the appearance of brown discharge before the onset of menstruation is due to the use of funds from unwanted pregnancy, which can be both oral contraceptives, and intrauterine devices and vaginal ring. The most common brown secretions appear when administering low-dose oral medications.

Normally, vaginal discharge when taking oral contraceptives can be repeated for 3 months from the start of use. However, if after 3 months the discharge continues, the woman should tell the gynecologist about it, perhaps this drug is not suitable for her and the doctor will choose another one.

In any case, brown discharge before menstruation can not be left without medical attention.

For example, the appearance of such secretions as a result of the pathological proliferation of the mucous membrane of the uterus can lead to miscarriages, since the defective epithelium of the uterus does not allow the ovum to adhere and develop normally.

As a rule, endometritis occurs as a result of pathogenic infectious agents entering the uterus during interventions in a woman’s body. This usually occurs when:

  • Artificial abortion (especially after 7 weeks of gestation),
  • Pathological labor
  • Manual removal of the placenta during labor
  • Diagnostic curettage of the uterus,
  • Uterine sounding.

At the initial stage of development, endometriosis can be almost asymptomatic, which increases the risk of the disease becoming chronic.

Most often, a woman visits a doctor when menstrual irregularities become noticeable, there are brown discharges before menstruation, lower abdominal pain.

One of the reasons for the appearance of brown discharge a few days before the onset of menstruation is hyperplasia of endometrial polyps.

A characteristic manifestation of this pathology is the occurrence of brown vaginal discharge not only before the onset of menstruation, but also in the middle of the cycle.

In addition to the main signs of endometrial polyps, women have cramping pain in the lower abdomen on the eve of menstruation. It is possible to confirm the presence of uterine polyps using ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs, hysteroscopy and hysterography.

Brown discharge from the external genital tract before menstruation may indicate the presence of uterine fibroids. Fibroids is a benign tumor of the uterus, which most often develops in women of childbearing age. A characteristic symptom of this pathology is the appearance of bleeding in the middle of the cycle and brown discharge before menstruation.

Do I need to treat?

Before prescribing a woman any treatment, the doctor must determine the cause of brown discharge before menstruation.

If the brown discharge that appeared 1-2 days before the onset of menstruation gradually develops into full menstrual bleeding, then this condition does not require any medical intervention.

If brown discharge before menstruation is a symptom of a pathological proliferation of the uterus mucous membrane, then a woman is usually prescribed hormonal drugs to normalize hormonal levels.

Drug medication is selected only by a gynecologist separately and individually for each woman, depending on the extent of the pathological process, disease neglect, history of labor activity, age of the patient and many other factors.

If endometritis is detected - inflammation of the uterine mucous membrane, the woman must be prescribed antibiotics, to which the pathogen is sensitive. After completing the course of therapy, the patient is shown a number of physiotherapeutic procedures and rehabilitation treatment (probiotics, vitamins, immunomodulators).

If brown vaginal discharge before menstruation is the result of polyposis, then the woman is prescribed a course of hormonal drugs. Again, the drug is selected individually for each individual case, depending on the characteristics of the woman’s body and the extent of the pathological process.

The dynamics of treatment with hormonal drugs can be observed only after three months from the start of taking the pills. If treatment with hormonal drugs did not bring any result, then the patient is shown surgical intervention using the laparoscopy method.

Highlight dark color (dark brown) before menstruation


Menstruation for a woman is a bright indicator of the state of her childbearing system. Monthly blood secretions silently indicate the body’s readiness to produce offspring. And, of course, every lady closely watches the rhythm and volume of the monthly, so as not to miss the alarm signals.

Often, women appear dark discharge before menstruation, which leads to despondency and serious experiences. Questions about whether this is the norm or a sign of the disease often remain unanswered. To sleep well, it is important to obtain reliable information about vaginal secretions on the eve of menstruation.

Is it necessary to treat the appearance of brown secretions before menstruation?

Before prescribing a woman any treatment, the doctor must determine the cause of brown discharge before menstruation.

If the brown discharge that appeared 1-2 days before the onset of menstruation gradually develops into full menstrual bleeding, then this condition does not require any medical intervention.

If brown discharge before menstruation is a symptom of a pathological proliferation of the uterus mucous membrane, then a woman is usually prescribed hormonal drugs to normalize hormonal levels. Drug medication is selected only by a gynecologist separately and individually for each woman, depending on the extent of the pathological process, disease neglect, history of labor activity, age of the patient and many other factors.

If endometritis is detected - inflammation of the uterine mucous membrane, the woman must be prescribed antibiotics, to which the pathogen is sensitive. After completing the course of therapy, the patient is shown a number of physiotherapeutic procedures and rehabilitation treatment (probiotics, vitamins, immunomodulators).

If brown vaginal discharge before menstruation is the result of polyposis, then the woman is prescribed a course of hormonal drugs. Again, the drug is selected individually for each individual case, depending on the characteristics of the woman’s body and the extent of the pathological process.

The dynamics of treatment with hormonal drugs can be observed only after three months from the start of taking the pills. If treatment with hormonal drugs did not bring any result, then the patient is shown surgical intervention using the laparoscopy method.

Natural highlight dark color

Each lady should note for herself that the sign of pathology in the reproductive organs is the vaginal mucus of dark brown, yellowish and green hue. Especially if it is accompanied by a strong smell, itching of the intimate zone and burning after urination. An accurate diagnosis can only be made after examining a vaginal smear.

The appearance of dark secretions in women before the onset of menstruation without painful symptoms, burning or vaginal itching is not considered a signal of illness. Most often, this vaginal secretion is the result of changes in the level of hormones in the body:

  • readiness of the body to bear children in adolescent girls
  • commemoration of the onset of sexual fading,
  • improper use of remedies against unwanted pregnancy.

Often, adolescent girls first monthly begin with brown discharge. This may continue for several months and is considered a natural occurrence.

Women who have reached the age of 45 notice a dark vaginal secret 7 days before the onset of menstruation. It may be the first bell of the withering of the reproductive organs.

If you choose the wrong hormonal drugs against unwanted conception, it will certainly affect the vaginal fluid. As a result, brown discharge to menstruation occurs, which indicates a hormonal failure.

Dark discharge a week before menstruation appear in women who have an intrauterine device. Due to the mechanical and hormonal effects of the conceived egg can not be fixed in the uterus. In the end, out comes a dark secret. If he continues to smear for 3 months, it is important to abandon the spiral.

Natural brown secretions often occur at the time the mature cell leaves the follicle. It moves through the pipes on the way to the uterus, damaging the vessels. This process occurs in the middle of the menstrual cycle, and is considered the most favorable time for conception. Therefore, this secret may be for the ladies the main point of reference for a new pregnancy.

Many women note a dark-colored vaginal secret a few days before the onset of menstruation.It is considered normal if it gradually increases and smoothly passes into the menstrual blood fluid.

The main causes of dark shade vaginal secretions

Surely the ladies would agree that the brown discharge never occurs without a reason, there is always a reason, and sometimes it is quite serious.

The appearance of large amounts of thick vaginal fluid during ovulation may not always be normal. You can check this if you pass a vaginal smear on the microflora.

If you find a large number of leukocytes and pathogenic microbes, it means that an inflammatory process takes place in the body.

The appearance of heavy brown secretions 5 days before the start of menstruation indicates inflammatory processes of the genital organs. It can be such diseases:

  • erosion of the uterine cervix,
  • endometrial hyperplasia,
  • endometritis,
  • myoma,
  • polyps inside the uterus.

Confirm the presence of pathology can gynecologist, examining the lady on the chair. Therefore, one should not neglect the natural signals from the vagina.

Rough sexual intercourse or vaginal douching often injure the mucous wall of the vagina. As a result, women observe brown discharge in their periods. How important is it to treat your body with care in order to avoid additional problems.

In any case, the dark spotting should not be left to drift. After all, their appearance may indicate an abnormal growth of the mucous membrane of the uterine membrane (endometritis). This leads to the fact that the ovum cannot safely consolidate to the body of the uterus.

Attachment of the embryo to the wall of the uterus

Often happens, 4 days before the onset of menstruation, the secret of a dark shade is revealed in the lady. The reason for this is endometrial hyperplasia. In addition, the secret is accompanied by pain similar to prenatal contractions. Determine the disease can be with ultrasound or hysterography.

Another cause of brown vaginal mucus is uterine fibroids. This disease is a tumor of benign nature that occurs in women who are capable of childbirth. A characteristic symptom of the disease is unexpected bleeding in the middle of the monthly rhythm. In some cases, there is a brown liquid for 3 days before the expected menstruation.

Dark vaginal secretions and pregnancy

The sacrament of conception and the onset of pregnancy for a woman is not the easiest period of her life. It was at this time that the lady closely watches the discharge in order to safely have a baby.

The body's natural reaction to internal changes is manifested in the fact that a woman has brown mucus instead of menstruation.

The appearance of the secret of the dark color 7 days before the alleged menstruation suggests a possible miscarriage. The cause may be the detachment of the embryo from the uterine wall.

Especially dangerous is considered brown liquid for a week or 4 days before menstruation. If it is accompanied by nagging pain in the lower abdomen and in the lower back, it means that a rejection of the ovum has occurred.

Such symptoms are characteristic of ectopic pregnancy. If there is no surgery, a woman can lose a life.

The sooner she will be helped, the more likely she is to get pregnant again and give birth to a full-fledged child.

Considered causes of brown vaginal secretion 2 days or more before the onset of menstruation, indicate the seriousness of the problem.

Therefore, sensible ladies constantly monitor themselves, fixing and discharge a week after menstruation. Timely referral to a specialist will help diagnose and undergo treatment.

This will lead to the fact that the lady will not disturb the brown vaginal discharge.

Brown discharge before critical days


The first signs of the approaching “critical days” can be precisely in the form of dark secretions smearing underwear. This can happen a few hours before the menstruation itself, and even a few days, a week before. The day when such discharge before menstruation was noticed was the day the menstrual cycle began.

Caution prompts one to consider whether brown discharges before menstruation should not be considered a symptom of a disease.

Situations where you should not be afraid

There are several situations where the dark color of the discharge before the beginning of the month can be considered normal. If you have one of these situations, discard all fears.

Here are the situations:

  • stresses
  • sharp fluctuations in body weight
  • use of hormonal contraceptives.

Stress - not uncommon in our turbulent and unstable life. Stress also affects the hormonal system, which is what it claims to be in the form of brown secretions. As soon as your nerves return to normal after stress, the hormonal balance also normalizes. There are no reasons for alarm.

With a sharp weight loss or a sharp increase in weight, the hormonal system also responds with a surge. As soon as the body weight stabilizes at a new level, the hormonal system also calms down, there will be no brown discharge.

Hormonal contraceptives directly affect the production of certain hormones, so do not be surprised brown secretions. Stop taking hormones - and everything will return to the usual rate, do not torture yourself by conjectures what this means.

White discharge before menstruation

In most cases, white discharge before menstruation does not signal anything bad, they are natural: the body protects the sexual sphere from moisture by the penetration of infections. White discharge - such as should be in a healthy woman. The exception is when such discharges are accompanied by any unpleasant sensations.

Sometimes you can be suspicious:

  • discharge smell
  • genitals itch
  • there is a burning sensation.

Any discomfort during vaginal discharge is a reason to guard and pay a visit to the doctor.

Pink discharge before menstruation

In most cases, pink discharge before menstruation should not cause anxiety: a drop of blood, which is released during ovulation, adds a pink color to white discharge.

The pink color of the discharge can show the body's response to the use of hormonal contraceptives. Over time, the body adapts to the drug being taken and there will be no more pink discharge. If an intrauterine device is used for contraception, it can also cause pink discharge.

In general, the appearance of blood in the secretions may mean that something is wrong in the genital area.

Spotting may be a symptom of:

  • endometritis,
  • endocervicitis,
  • endometriosis,
  • uterine fibroids,
  • cancer of the uterus.

Make a visit to the doctor to check if you have any of the listed diseases.

Dark discharge before menstruation can be of a different shade, sometimes they are almost black. If the discharge is accompanied by unpleasant sensations, there is a reason to visit the doctor, because the dark color can be caused by an admixture of blood.

In the global network, you can find photos that show samples of selections of different shades. Go to the doctor - it will be the right decision.

Dark discharge: common causes


Many women, discovering a dark discharge before menstruation, begin to sound the alarm. What is it - a manifestation of the disease or a normal phenomenon for the body? The causes can be quite varied, from quite harmless to diseases, the diagnosis and treatment of which should be started immediately.

Daubs Before Months: Causes

Consider the most common causes of dark discharge:

  • stresses
  • use of drugs,
  • use of emergency contraception,
  • oral contraceptives - the cause of secretions, which is natural in the use of hormonal drugs. The body responds to changes in hormonal levels. It should be noted, the lower the level of estrogen in the received drug, the higher the likelihood of dark discharge,
  • use of intrauterine device,
  • cervical erosion - when there is a defect in the uterine mucous membrane, dark discharge may occur, often with an unpleasant odor, indicating an inflammatory process,
  • endometriosis is a disease in which the growth of endometrial cells occurs outside the walls of the uterus. Cells can form on any internal organ without losing their functionality, increasing when the egg matures and is rejected at the time of its death. With this disease, patients complain of frequent pain in the lower abdomen and lumbar region, aggravated by the occurrence of critical days, accompanied by purulent discharge in the intermenstrual cycle days,
  • polyps - occur when the mucous layer lining the uterus grows, as a result of which there are formations, as a rule, of a benign character. Accompanied by a violation of the cycle, cramping pain, dark discharge before menstruation,
  • ectopic pregnancy - discharge is accompanied by severe pain, localized in the pelvic organs and an unpleasant odor, with the manifestation of these symptoms, prompt consultation with a gynecologist and ultrasound are necessary,
  • pregnancy - in some women, menstruation continues to occur with the onset of pregnancy, this is especially true for the first trimester,
  • inflammation of the vagina or cervix - accompanied by dark secretions, burning, itching and dryness,
  • cervical cancer - the causes of this pathology are unknown, but the disease occurs among patients of different ages, in addition to the discharge is accompanied by pain.

Diagnostics

In order not to get lost in conjectures and surely know about the state of your health, you need to be examined. Independently make a diagnosis is impossible. It also happens that the disease proceeds without visible symptoms, after developing into a chronic form

First you need to pass a smear on the microflora, because not always dark discharge means the presence of the disease.

If the body has undergone an inflammatory process, an increased level of white blood cells will indicate this.

In addition to the smear, we recommend to undergo an ultrasound examination, an examination in the gynecologist's office, which will send you if necessary for additional tests - PCR, laparoscopy, hysteroscopy, etc.

If you find dark discharge before menstruation, you should not miss this event by attention, especially if it is accompanied by fever, pain. Do not wait for the discharge to stop on its own.

Even if they stop, in the future they may recur and develop into a more serious disease.

Consult a gynecologist for help in understanding the cause of the discharge and, based on the results of the examination, prescribe treatment.

Endometriosis and polyps are usually treated by prescribing hormonal drugs, selected depending on the severity of the disease. Inflammatory processes of the pelvic organs include the appointment of antibacterial and immunostimulating therapy and procedures in a physiotherapy room.

Timely medical intervention and diagnosis will help you prevent the development of the disease and protect you from various ailments that are fraught with pathologies such as infertility, oncology and many others. Even if you do not notice any symptoms other than dark discharge before menstruation, we still recommend that you see a specialist in order to rule out the presence of the disease.

Vigilantly monitor the condition of your body and be healthy!

When brown highlights are a signal for alarm

Endometriosis of the uterus is referred to a number of serious diseases in gynecology, and if the brown discharge a week before menstruation is accompanied by various symptoms, you should immediately make an appointment with a gynecologist. These symptoms include:

  • Sensations that have characteristic aching and extending to the lower abdomen with varying pains. The intensity and development of pain and discomfort depends on the development of the disease, which may increase before the immediate onset of the menstrual cycle.
  • Pain in the hip, which may increase with the onset of menses, but gradually decreases towards the end of the cycle. In the period between menstruation, the severity in the lumbar region weakens, and the pain syndrome changes into a state of aching pain.
  • In endometriosis, the nature of the discharge may not necessarily have light shades, dark brown or brown colors indicate the seriousness and complexity of the disease, which require immediate examination by experts.

Dark brown or black discharge requires immediate diagnosis for other gynecological diseases. Manifestations can be the cause of a number of infectious diseases, the neglect of which can negatively affect the state of health, and sometimes to infertility.

The aching pains in the lower abdomen that accompany the discharge should make it alert.

Discharges as symptoms of infectious diseases

The discharge of the nature described above may signal the development of endometritis, which is an infectious disease affecting the inflammatory process of the uterine cavity.

The reason for the development of the disease can be postponed abortions (childbirth), which caused the body to malfunction with a virus infection brought from outside.

Brown discharge in this case is accompanied by passing manifestations:

  • Uterine bleeding has an unpleasant smell.
  • Painful sensations of the destructive or whining character in the lower abdomen and in the hip part both before the onset of menstruation and for the entire period of menstruation. Usually painful sensations are delayed for a long period.
  • Increased sweat secretion, weakness, depressed state.
  • Lack of appetite, apathy.
  • Compaction and inflammation of the walls of the uterus, an increase in body.

In this way, the presence of viruses and adverse bacteria is detected. Inaction of the woman can have the most serious consequences.

Venereal and other diseases

The cause of dark brown vaginal discharge just before menstruation may be the presence of a sexually transmitted virus without protection. We list the main diseases that may be the cause of such secretions:

  • chlamydia
  • gonorrhea and similar diseases.

In rare cases, the cause of the discharge may be warts located on areas of the genitals, or diseases of the inflammatory nature of the pelvic organs.

Another serious disease of the uterus, namely fibroids, may be the cause of dark brown discharge shortly before menstruation. Myoma is benign speciation in the form of a tumor.

This manifestation in no way affects the general state of health and only indicates the fact that this benign speciation is available.

Brown discharge before menstruation is characteristic of chlamydia.

Factors that can also cause discharge

Hormonal contraceptives are the simplest cause of dark brown secretions shortly before menstruation.

You need to know in what cases hormonal contraception changes the level of hormones in the female body and leads to violations that manifest themselves in the failure of the body.

Over time, the body will get used to the changes, and all functions will fully resume in the normal manner, but in the early periods, before the menstrual cycle, there will be a selection of brown color.

What else can cause the appearance of mucus brown shades shortly before menstruation?

  • Intrauterine spiral containing hormones. Some of the hormones can cause mucus secretions of yellow and light brown shades, as well as modify the menstruation cycle.
  • Cases of ectopic pregnancy. The discharge may be accompanied by strong pain and an unpleasant odor.

What is the best thing to do

The negative consequences that can cause a person’s indifference can be of varying degrees: from the development of diseases to infertility. Visits to the gynecological clinic every six months will help identify various female diseases at an early stage.

All of the above symptoms require control by specialists, only in this case there is a full guarantee that any malfunctions of the body or diseases identified in the initial form will not develop.

When it is necessary to consult a gynecologist


Any woman will forget the alarm if she finds herself in the middle of the menstrual cycle (and even more so during pregnancy) brown vaginal discharge. The fact that this is not the norm is a truism.

But such a phenomenon, just before menstruation, or a few days before them, baffles many women: “What is this? Individual features of the body? Or the manifestation of a disease?

An unequivocal answer can only give a gynecological examination in conjunction with laboratory and instrumental examination. In most cases, in this way, the reproductive organs signal the functional failure. Therefore, it is impossible to ignore this type of vaginal discharge in front of the regulatives.

There are several major factors that cause brown premenstrual discharge.

Contraception

The most "innocuous" cause of brown "daub" before menstruation is the adaptation of the female body to changes in hormonal levels when taking oral contraceptives.

The lower the estrogen content of the preparation, the greater the likelihood of brown discharge in the premenstrual period. Such an adaptive manifestation is considered normal if it lasts no more than three months.

Otherwise, brown secretions signal the need to replace the drug.

Also brown smearing discharge before regulations can be a side effect when using an IUD (intrauterine device) as a contraceptive.

Endometriosis (endometrial growth, outside the uterus)

The most common pathological cause of brown vaginal discharge is the proliferation of endometrial cells outside the inner cavity of the uterus. Endometrial cells can "settle" on almost any internal organ of the female body. But most often endometriosis affects the genital area.

Endometrium can penetrate the outer layer of uterine muscle tissue (adenomyosis), and it can “occupy” the surface of the fallopian tubes, ovaries, peritoneum, cervix, vaginal mucosa. Overgrown endometrial cells do not lose their functionality.

They increase in the same way during the period of maturation of the egg, and are rejected at its death.

Such micro-months cause not only premenstrual discharge. The manifestations of endometriosis are also:

  • between and postmenstrual vaginal discharge - bloody or brown,
  • pain in the lower back and lower abdomen, aggravated during menstruation,
  • an increase in the volume and duration of menstrual bleeding.

The causes of this disease are not precisely established. The most common version is that endometrial cells enter the internal organs during menstrual blood flow through the fallopian tubes, or during surgery. Supposed, stimulating factors of endometriosis are diseases of hormonal receptors, cellular enzymes or mutation of genes.

Endometritis (chronic inflammation of the surface and basal layer of the endometrium)

Brown premenstrual discharge may indicate the presence of a chronic inflammatory process in the endometrium.

Endometritis becomes chronic with incompetent or insufficient treatment of acute inflammation of the internal cavity of the uterus.

Chronization of the disease is promoted by surgical interventions, for example, repeated curettage with continuous bleeding.

Inflammation causes abnormalities in the process of rejection of the endometrium, resulting in bloody or brown vaginal discharge before menstruation.

In chronic endometritis, as in endometriosis, this “daub” may be in the middle of the cycle, and in the postmenstrual period, as well as after sexual contact.

Very often, women suffering from endometritis complain of aching pain in the sacrum, lower back, and lower abdomen. A distinctive feature of endometritis - purulent discharge in the intermenstrual period.

Endometrial hyperplasia (endometrial growth)

Brown vaginal discharge can be a symptom of endometrial hyperplasmia - increased growth of the endometrial layer in the uterine cavity.

With the correct functioning of the reproductive system, a rapid increase in the endometrium occurs only in the first phase of the regular menstrual cycle due to the increased level of extragens.

In the second phase, the ovaries begin to produce progesterone, which suspends the growth of endometrial cells. Endometrial hyperplasma develops with an imbalance of hormones - a lack of progesterone and an excess of estrogens.

Brown discharge during the menstruation period, heavy and prolonged menstruation, bleeding in menopause are the main symptoms of endometrial hyperplasmy.

Endometrial polyp (benign neoplasm inside the uterus)

The proliferation of endometrial cells inside the uterus as a separate tumor (polyp) can also stimulate the occurrence of premenstrual brown secretions.

The main reason for the appearance of endometrial polyps is similar to the reason for the development of hyperplasmy - an imbalance of estrogens and progesterone. This pathology can be called mini-endometrial hyperplasia.

Also, an impulse to the growth of polyps can be infectious and inflammatory diseases of the genital organs, abortions, and curettage.

Disorders of the menstrual cycle and cramping pain in the pelvis are the main signs of an endometrial polyp. All the pathological factors that cause brown vaginal discharge in front of the regulatives threaten with infertility, and some forms of hyperplasmy and endometrial polyps can develop into oncological diseases.

Timely medical intervention can prevent the sad consequences, so even if a woman does not notice any signs of disease described above, except for brown premenstrual secretions, it is still necessary to see a doctor in order to rule out the presence of diseases or to start treatment in time.

How to distinguish signs of pregnancy from signs of menstruation

In most cases, immediately after fertilization of the egg, menstruation is stopped for the entire term of the child and for the period of breastfeeding. But sometimes insignificant discharge occurs. They appear due to the introduction of a fertilized egg into the uterine wall, which leads to disruption of the integrity of the endometrium (the inner layer of the organ).

Fortunately for all women, there are a number of differences in the signs of menstruation and pregnancy. First of all, you should pay attention to the nature of the discharge and especially the premenstrual syndrome.

What are the discharge before menstruation and during pregnancy

In the second half of the menstrual cycle, a few days before menstruation, the microflora in the uterus changes. The number of gram-negative bacteria increases. As a result, the nature of secretions from the genitals becomes different. If in the first half of the cycle they are liquid and transparent, before the menses, the discharge becomes cloudy and more viscous.

Discharge to menstruation at pregnancy has some differences. They have an even more viscous texture, have a rich white color. Directly after fertilization, the appearance of brown secretions is possible.

The amount of vaginal discharge is also different. After conception, they are more scarce, obscene.

To distinguish between discharge before menstruation and pregnancy, you should pay attention to the period of their appearance. If their occurrence is observed a few days before the expected date of menstruation, most likely, the fertilization of the egg has not come. But if the discharge occurred in the middle of the cycle - the woman most likely bears a child.

Another characteristic sign of fertilization of the egg is the presence of brownish discharge a week before menstruation during pregnancy.

Differences of sensations before menstruation and during pregnancy

Some girls before the onset of menstruation changes mood, there are irrational tears or laughter. Most often, these drops are expressed moderately. But sometimes mental equilibrium suffers more significantly, even depression and anxiety. Also, the woman is worried about abdominal pain, dyspepsia. This condition is called premenstrual syndrome or PMS.

Similar symptoms occur during pregnancy. In this case, this is due to a sharp increase in the amount of the hormone progesterone in the blood.

The main difference between the symptoms of PMS before menstruation and pregnancy lies in the spectrum of emotions experienced. So, in a woman who carries a child, positive experiences prevail. There are tears of joy without a reason, a sudden laugh. And for a girl with menstrual syndrome, predominantly attacks of aggression and depressive mood are characteristic.

Another difference is the duration of behavior changes. Emotional changes during menstruation are short-lived. Behavior is normalized with the beginning of menstruation. For a pregnant woman is characterized by mood swings throughout the entire period of carrying the child.

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