Many women turn to the gynecologist with complaints that they have chest pain during or after menstruation. Painful sensations can be associated with various causes, both pathological and natural.
What is the danger of such pain? Why do patients have severe pain in the mammary glands during menstruation? How to prevent the occurrence of pain?
Causes of pain during and after menstruation
Many women have an increased sensitivity and tenderness of the mammary glands in the period between ovulation and the next menstrual bleeding. During ovulation in the female body, glandular tissue grows against the background of estrogen and progesterone imbalance, as a result of which women feel a slight spreading and pain when touched.
The pain should not be intense. If a woman notes an increase in pain, she should consult a specialist. Many patients do not even suspect that chest pain after menstruation may indicate the development of serious pathologies.
Mastopathy is one of the main reasons that a patient has a breast pain. The pain is cyclical, that is, it can disappear from time to time, then reappear. In addition to this symptom, mastopathy manifests itself in the form of a slight watery discharge from the nipples. There is also a seal that can only be determined by a specialist during palpation. Late access to a doctor is the cause of the development of a nodular form of mastopathy or a precancerous condition.
The onset of the disease is mainly associated with a reduced concentration of progesterone, as a result of which the milk ducts formed in the previous cycle do not atrophy. Other causes of mastopathy:
- iodine deficiency,
- hereditary factor
- breast injury,
- ovarian pathologies,
- nervous disorders
- prolonged abstinence from sexual intercourse.
If the patient has breast cancer during and after menstruation, this may be due to hormonal imbalances. During menstruation, a peculiar hormonal failure occurs - estradiol level increases, after bleeding and follicle maturation, luteinizing hormone is released, progesterone and estrogen levels increase. If the body does not have time to quickly restructure, the pain can disturb a woman for several days after the critical days.
An imbalance of estrogen and progesterone also occurs against the background of stress, physical and mental overstrain, overwork. Delayed therapy of hormonal disorders becomes a consequence of metabolic failure, sometimes a woman can not become pregnant.
Breast pain is considered the first sign of pregnancy. However, pain can also be a manifestation of ectopic pregnancy (attachment of the ovum outside the uterus). In this case, a serious hormonal failure occurs in the female body. Usually, the first symptoms appear 3-8 weeks after the last menstruation. The pathological condition is also characterized by pain in the lower abdomen, prolonged bleeding due to a decrease in the level of progesterone, breast tenderness as early as 15–20 days after menstruation.
Why during menstruation hurts chest?
The fair sex regularly encounters the fact that during menstruation the chest hurts. Moreover, the increased sensitivity can be observed 10 days before the menstruation. Doctors claim that there is no reason to worry about it. The fact is that discomfort is a consequence of the usual hormonal changes.
The body of the girl prepares monthly for conception. That is why in the mammary glands changes occur, aimed at producing milk for the future baby. This causes puffiness and moderate pain. If it is not very disturbing, and there are no seals in the glands, then you should not worry. It is important to bear in mind that hypersensitivity and other symptoms of PMS should disappear immediately after the start of critical days.
Chest pain during menstruation - is this normal?
Answering the question why during the menstrual period the chest hurts, it is impossible not to mention the cases when this phenomenon is not considered normal. As already mentioned, discomfort before menstruation is a natural process. However, if hypersensitivity remains after menstruation, then this is a reason to consult a doctor.
Similar in most cases, due to the delay of a large amount of fluid in the mammary glands. Because of this, inflammation of the genital organs can occur.
The following causes may cause this symptom to occur:
- Pregnancy. In most women, the bust begins to hurt in early pregnancy. This is one of the first signs that the girl will soon become a mother.
- Irregular sexual relations or long abstinence.
- Mastopathy. This disease is characterized by swelling of the bust, as well as the appearance of a lump in the breast. It can be detected when probing. Also, symptoms include clear discharge from the nipples. Noticing this, you must immediately visit a doctor so that later you do not have to have an operation.
- Oncological diseases. Unpleasant sensations can occur at any time. A seal appears in the bust, which is motionless and does not hurt when pressed. Lymph nodes in the armpits may be inflamed. If bloody discharge occurs from the nipples, then treatment should begin immediately.
If nothing of the kind is observed in a woman, then chest pain during menstruation is normal, and there is no cause for concern.
Why do nipples and breasts hurt before ovulation?
Breast and nipple soreness often occurs before ovulation. It usually appears a couple of days, and then either disappears or continues until critical days. Sore nipples and breasts before ovulation for the same reasons as before menstruation. The body prepares for a possible conception, and therefore the mammary glands swell.
If the discomfort is quite strong and interfere with the usual way of life, then the following measures can be taken. In case of emergency, painkillers will help to combat discomfort throughout the body. And for prevention, you will need to give up caffeine and puppies, do not wear an uncomfortable bra, make various compresses, add more cucumbers, parsley and celery to food. It also does not hurt to do the usual exercises, which will not only relieve the hypersensitivity of the mammary glands, but also strengthen the body as a whole.
If you follow all the recommendations listed, the swelling of the glands will cease to disturb. In addition, it will be possible to reduce the brightness of other PMS symptoms and make menstruation less painful.
Looking for the cause
There is no unequivocal answer to the question of the origin of pain, but there are a number of the most common reasons:
- Inconvenient underwear. It often happens that, preferring beauty, women forget about the comfort of a bra. As a result, an attractive bodice with push-up and bones causes only discomfort,
- Colds (weathering),
- PMS is the most common reason
- Nerve strain,
- Dry nipples,
- The presence of cysts
- Towel stiffness
- Chlorinated water
- Unsuitable hygiene products (soap, shower gel, cream),
- Improper breastfeeding,
- Breast surgery
- The rapid arrival of milk during the period of natural feeding,
- Nipple hypersensitivity,
- Skin hardening
- Allergic reaction.
Why chest pain before ovulation and menstruation
Most often women experience pain before menstruation, but, sometimes, discomfort feels haunting a woman both during and after them.
The mammary glands change throughout life:
- During pregnancy
- During breastfeeding,
- After childbirth.
This results from the fact that the hormonal background of the woman periodically changes, what influences prolactin, estrogen and progesterone. The balance of these several hormones and affects breast changes.
It is worth noting that they are actively produced in the period of menstruation and with ovulation, respectively, and pain occurs most often at this time.
In the second stage of the menstrual cycle, before ovulation, the sensitivity of the breast and nipples increases significantly. Occurs profileratsii, that is, in the lobules and ducts of the breast increases the number of epithelium.
Blood circulation becomes stronger, edema appears, density, as a result of which the mammary glands are added in size.
If a woman is healthy, then these signs are not clearly expressed in her and do not interfere further with her normal life.
Pain during menstruation
Before menstruation, glandular tissue expands significantly. To bounce back, she needs time. Usually the pain subsides in the last days of menstruation. However, to ensure that the body is all right, you need to visit a doctor.
After all, a too pronounced symptom may be a sign of hidden pathology:
- Hormonal imbalance. The specialist must determine whether it is caused by the fact that the woman is going through a certain period of the menstrual cycle, or by the fact that the work of the corresponding glands is impaired,
- Gynecological diseases. Quite often, it is the diseases of this sphere that are characterized by chest pain.
Termination of pain before menstruation
If the symptom has ceased to disturb before menstruation, then this is a sign that the woman is not pregnant. When the phenomenon is observed regularly, it is possible hormonal imbalance.
Pain in different periods, regardless of the cycle, may indicate pregnancy, inflammation or stretching of the chest muscles, as well as a cold or hypothermia.
Symptoms may also indicate more serious causes, such as ectopic pregnancy, mastopathy, breast cancer, inflammation, or infection of the mammary glands.
Why does it hurt just under the left breast?
Among the most frequent complaints voiced by doctors, there is pain only under the left breast. This phenomenon may be a symptom of a serious pathology of the gastrointestinal tract, heart, spleen, pancreas, etc.
The main reasons why it hurts just under the left breast:
- Heart attack. May occur due to thrombosis or spleen embolism, rheumatism, coronary heart disease, endocarditis, portal hypertension,
- Cyst / abscess / injury / rupture of the spleen,
- Infectious mononucleosis,
- Torsion of the legs of the spleen.
Among the gastrointestinal diseases should be highlighted:
- Diseases of the small intestine, accompanied by dull and aching pains,
- Peptic ulcer,
- Dyspepsia with pain and nausea
- Hiatal hernia,
- Oncology of the digestive tract.
Pain can be caused by diseases of the cardiology sector:
- Acute myocardial infarction,
- Aortic aneurysm,
- Mitral valve prolapse,
- Intercostal neuralgia.
In addition, the following disorders and pathologies can be identified:
- Vegetative vascular dystonia,
- Cyst / fibroadenoma / abscess of the breast.
It is worth paying serious attention to this problem, consult a specialist and conduct a comprehensive examination and diagnosis. Regardless of the nature of the pain and their intensity, it is necessary to identify the cause of this condition.
Pain can be:
- With clear localization,
- Strengthen with movements and loads
Each type of pain is characteristic of certain diseases, and their nature will help the specialist to make an accurate diagnosis.
Thus, the answer to the question of why the chest hurts before and after ovulation is very simple - the hormones that are actively produced during this period are to blame. This condition can be perceived normally, if it is not too pronounced and stops immediately after the end of menstruation.
If the chest hurts only on the left side, then this is a sign of serious irregularities in the work of the body and a reason for urgent treatment to the doctor.