Pregnancy for many women is a long-awaited and happiest period. However, not always everything is as it should be. Most women visit a gynecologist before conceiving and have some tests done. So, during the next visit, damage to the vaginal mucosa can be detected. Women immediately have a question about whether it is possible to become pregnant during cervical erosion. This article will answer him. You will learn the opinions of experts on this issue. It is also worth saying what to do if inflammation of cervical erosion is detected.
The essence of pathology and its causes
Erosion of the cervix most often appears in child-bearing age. The cause of the wound can be a hormonal disorder, genital infections, mechanical damage to the mucous membrane, and so on.
Often, doctors can confuse true erosion and pseudo-formation. To clarify the diagnosis, colposcopy is prescribed. Only then can we talk about the need for treatment.
Is it possible to get pregnant during cervical erosion?
Opinions on this score are different. Most doctors and experienced professionals say that you can get pregnant. However, it is quite dangerous. Also, some representatives of the weaker sex are confident that it is almost impossible to conceive a child with this pathology. How is this really? Is it possible to get pregnant during cervical erosion?
Women's opinion (erroneous)
As everyone knows, fertilization is necessary for conception. The male cell merges with the female gamete. After this, continuous division and growth of the germinal part begins. Next, the ovum falls into the uterine cavity and is already securely attached to the endometrium there.
Quite often, cervical erosion is bloody. At the same time, women think that the next menstruation begins, and getting pregnant during this period is completely unrealistic. However, this opinion is erroneous. Many representatives of the weaker sex, who adhered to this point of view, soon became newly minted moms.
Opinion of doctors and specialists
Is it possible to get pregnant during cervical erosion? Of course, yes. Gynecologists say that there is no connection between the onset of conception and the formation of a wound on the mucous membrane of the cervical canal.
The release of hormones in the event of erosion remains at the same level. Ovaries work as expected. As a result, the ovulation process is not broken. Conception can occur with unprotected sex.
Exception or special cases
It also happens that pregnancy during cervical erosion does not occur. However, the reason for the lack of conception is not the wound itself, but the associated diseases that cause it.
So, with hormonal failure and the formation of erosion, there may be no pregnancy. If the pathology of the mucous membrane has inflammatory or infectious causes, then conception may also not occur.
Do I need to treat erosion before pregnancy?
Many women who hear a similar diagnosis in the doctor's office ask whether it is worth making any correction? Doctors do not recommend treating the pathology in the usual way (cauterization or freezing). However, douching is often prescribed for erosion using medicinal herbs. Such an impact allows the wound itself to drag on.
Why is it impossible to treat pathology before conception? Cervical erosion, like any other wound, can leave scars. During the birth of the baby, the cervical canal maximally expands, and the exit from it is completely smoothed. As a result of this process, the cervix is fully expanded. If there are scars on it, they can simply burst. This will lead to the need for surgery. Doctors say that it is advisable to treat erosion by conventional means only if a woman does not plan to have children in the next five years.
What is dangerous erosion for the future mother and her child?
So, you know that with such a pathology you can get pregnant. However, is it safe? For a woman there is no threat from the formation of a wound on the mucous membrane. However, the future baby may be endangered.
Cervical erosion is a direct entry channel for infection. Any inflammation immediately enters the cervical canal and penetrates the uterus. This can be very dangerous for a baby in the first trimester of pregnancy.
During labor, cervical erosion sometimes behaves in a completely unexpected way. In an injured area, the mucous membrane may simply disperse or not open at all. Also, many future mothers are faced with cervical insufficiency. In this case we are talking about premature discrepancy of the mucous membranes. Timely correction of these pathologies allows you to maintain the health of the baby. However, the expectant mother should be under special control of doctors.
If you have cervical erosion, it is necessary to find out the reason for its appearance, and only then try to get pregnant. At detection of inflammations or infections it is necessary to make a correction. If the wound was formed due to hormonal failure, then the body should be tidied up. Only in this case can you protect yourself and your baby from possible complications. Be healthy!
Understand the essence of the disease
Cervical erosion is any damage to the mucous membranes of the cervix. Externally, it looks like a wound or red spot on the epithelium. Causes of damage can be:
- mechanical effects, including violations of the mucous membrane during childbirth and abortion,
- chemical exposure
- developmental anomalies,
- hormonal disorders,
- reduced immunity
- genital infections and inflammations
- promiscuous sex life.
As a rule, if the erosion is small, then it does not manifest itself and is diagnosed by chance at a gynecologist's appointment. With erosions of large size, a woman can observe:
- Pain during sexual intercourse.
- Small blood discharge between periods of menstruation or after intercourse.
- Other heavy discharge (leucorrhea, mucus or pus).
Get rid of erosion-causing factors.
Erosion itself for a healthy woman carries no danger. However, it is believed that large-sized erosion can develop into a cancerous tumor. Therefore, it is highly desirable to treat it. As for the question of whether it is possible to become pregnant during erosion of the cervix, doctors unequivocally answer that it is possible. There is no effect on the conception process, the advancement of the spermatozoon to the egg cell and its fertilization, erosion does not have.
But there is a reverse side of the coin. If erosion is a consequence of any diseases or disorders in the body, then these diseases will be an obstacle to conception. Those. the possibility of conception is not affected by the damage to the mucous membrane itself, but by infection or inflammation that has led to erosion. For example, if it is an infection in the vagina, then it can rise to the uterus and appendages and not only complicate conception, but also lead to infertility.
Treat erosion before pregnancy
First of all, it is necessary to eliminate the cause that caused erosion. Only then can the treatment of elimination of the wound itself be started. Treatment of erosion by cauterization is undesirable for non-deliverable women, since after the procedure, scars remain on the cervix, due to which it loses its elasticity, which leads to ruptures. Unborn women can remove erosion with other modern, gentle treatment methods that do not leave scars (freezing, laser removal).
In cases where erosion is not progressing, and pregnancy is not planned in the near future, it is not necessary to remove it at all. If the cause of erosion is eliminated, there are no inflammations and infections, then erosion can even go away. Operations are prescribed only for severe cervical dysplasia. In this case, the affected tissue must be removed.
But for women who want to become pregnant, to treat erosion is highly recommended, especially with a large affected surface, because the damaged cervix is an open gate for the entry of bacteria and the settlement of harmful microorganisms, and thus a threat to the fetus. Those. wondering whether you can become pregnant with cervical erosion, if it is large, you must also ask about the effect on the fetus it can have. After cauterization, women planning a pregnancy are advised to wait 1 year with conception.
Observe erosion during pregnancy
Often, erosion occurs during pregnancy due to hormonal imbalance or reduced immunity. During pregnancy, treating erosion is not only unnecessary, but also extremely dangerous. Erosion does not affect the course of pregnancy if it is not supported by infection, and surgical intervention is generally prohibited.
However, due to erosion, the cervix becomes less elastic, and therefore prone to ruptures at birth. If a woman becomes pregnant with untreated erosion, then you need to know her reason. In the case when an infection “walks” through the body, which results in erosion, there is a possibility that the fetus can infect it. Pregnant women with erosion should be constantly monitored by a gynecologist and should be regularly examined.
As a result, the question of whether it is possible to become pregnant during erosion of the cervix, the answer is positive. But is it possible at the same time to make a healthy baby, no one gives an affirmative answer.
Treat erosion after childbirth
For treatment, doctors recommend waiting until the end of the childbearing, and sometimes the completion of the breastfeeding process, since not all drugs are allowed during breastfeeding. After that, you can destroy everything that causes damage to the mucous membrane of the cervix, factors and remove damaged tissue.
Sometimes erosion occurs during labor as a result of mechanical damage. Such a phenomenon is not dangerous and may disappear after childbirth itself. Is it possible to get pregnant with cervical erosion a second time? Removing all associated diseases, if any, definitely - yes!
Thrush with erosion need to be treated without fail
Many women do not know if they can become pregnant with cervical erosion and thrush. Thrush can affect the possibility of conception. The fungus itself does not affect reproductive function. But with thrush in the vagina, a special acid-base medium is formed, in which the survival rate and the permeability of spermatozoa are very low. Getting into the vagina, sperm cells die there. But since the level of destruction of spermatozoa is high, but not absolute, there is still the possibility of getting pregnant. However, in order for the probability of conception to increase, thrush should be treated.
In addition, if an already pregnant woman has cervical erosion and thrush, this increases the likelihood of infection of the fetus and threatened abortion. There is also a risk of contracting a baby with thrush. Therefore, before pregnancy, you need to be cured of thrush, and then from erosion.
The cysts must be treated without fail.
Is it possible to get pregnant with cervical erosion and cyst? A cyst on the ovaries as well as thrush reduces the possibility of conception. It must be treated. A cyst can trigger such a phenomenon in women as pathological amenorrhea, i.e. lack of ovulation and, consequently, the possibility of conception. But there are types of these tumors that do not interfere with the process of ovulation. In this case, conception does not interfere.
The gynecologist will help determine which type of cyst was formed in a woman. The danger of a cyst on the ovary during pregnancy is determined by the fact that if the neoplasm progresses and increases, then it threatens to deform the cervix, miscarriage or premature birth.
If we are talking about a cyst on the cervix, then it does not affect the ability to get pregnant and bear the child. Such cysts can be triggered by erosion and, as a rule, do not progress.
When looking for information on whether it is possible to become pregnant with cervical erosion, feedback from women who have given birth will help to gain confidence in this. But if a woman plans pregnancy in advance, then the most correct decision would be to get rid of all diseases, including erosion, before pregnancy. After a full course of treatment for all diseases, the expectant mother can not worry about the health of her baby and gain confidence that the crumb will develop and grow normally.
When planning pregnancy, it is recommended to start preparing the body for 3-4 months: visit the gynecologist, pass the necessary tests, cure diseases, if any. When erosion is detected, a specialist will prescribe the following examinations to determine the neglect of inflammation and its causes:
- cytological examination
- analysis for sexually transmitted infections.
If the test results are positive or if atypical cells were found in the study, the gynecologist will prescribe a treatment or send a biopsy. If the tests are negative, the specialist sends for cautery erosion..
There are cases when erosion is very small and, according to research, is not the result of more serious diseases. Such inflammation does not require treatment and may disappear during pregnancy.
We offer to watch a video on how cervical erosion affects the process of conception and pregnancy:
Cauterization methods and pregnancy after the treatment procedure
There are several ways of cauterization of erosion, it also depends on their choice how fast you can get pregnant in the near future:
- Diathermocoagulation - cauterization of erosion by means of current. The most common procedure and the most problematic. Not appointed to not giving birth in the presence of other possibilities. During the procedure, not only changed areas are affected, but also healthy ones, which can lead to scarring. In this regard, the cervix narrows, the tissue heals for a long time, the menstrual cycle can be broken.
When can you get pregnant after this type of cautery erosion? Recovery period: from 3 to 5 months.
After cauterization of erosion, it is necessary to observe a gynecologist and consult him about the readiness of the body to conceive.
We offer to watch a video about the methods of diagnosis and treatment of cervical erosion:
How to avoid complications?
- Consult with a gynecologist and strictly follow his recommendations.
- In the presence of infectious diseases, hormonal imbalances or disorders of the microflora - complete a full course of treatment.
Having got rid of the disease and having received approval from your doctor, you can safely proceed to attempts to conceive. A healthy woman will not have to worry about the health of her future baby.
What is erosion?
Erosion of the cervix is called the location of the epithelium, which looks like a red spot around the opening of the channel. In other words, it is a pathological change in the lining of the uterus. This disease is quite common and in most cases is asymptomatic. Sometimes erosion is characterized by small bleeding. As a rule, only a doctor can examine erosion in a woman. Erosion occurs in half of women giving birth.
Erosion does not require much effort in the treatment. But most methods of its treatment, including cauterization, leave scars on the cervix. This is usually for pregnant women facing difficulties opening the uterus during childbirth. After all, it stretches, and sometimes torn. That is why getting rid of the erosion of a non-pregnant woman should be carried out by the most gentle methods that do not leave scars.
The essence of the disease
The cervix is the connecting organ between the vagina and the uterus. When uterine cervix epithelium is damaged, erosion is formed. It is this term in gynecology is called any ulcers of the mucous membrane. Violation of the integrity of the shell can be caused by a variety of reasons:
- abnormal development of the epithelium,
- early sex life
- viral, infectious and fungal diseases,
- hormonal imbalance
- cervical injuries,
- weak immunity.
The diagnosis of cervical erosion is given to women who already have children, women who have not given birth, pregnant and infertile. The disease is very common and dangerous asymptomatic course. For a long time, the pathology does not manifest itself and does not cause discomfort. A bright red erosion stain is detected only during a gynecological examination. If a woman does not visit the doctor, she can not guess about the disease. Painful symptoms and inflammation characterize the chronic stage. Launched forms of the disease are treated longer and lead to complications during pregnancy.
Impact of erosion
With cervical erosion, you can get pregnant. These two states are compatible and do not always pose a threat to the health of the future mother and child. Moreover, this pathology can go away.Often this happens during the first pregnancy, during the pregnancy and immediately after the birth of the baby, but not all women have such a favorable outcome.
Treat cervical erosion preferably at the planning stage of pregnancy. With a progressive pathology occurring in a chronic form, the risk of complications is very high. The fetus develops in the uterus, and the epithelial layer performs a protective function. It protects the cavity from the penetration of harmful microorganisms. When the integrity of the epithelium is broken, its protective abilities are lost. This causes infections and bacterial reproduction.
Inflammatory processes that develop in the pregnant woman's body negatively affect the health of the unborn baby and the mother herself.
The presence of erosion does not affect conception. Damaged mucous tissues do not hinder the progress of the sperm cell and fertilize the egg, but for the sake of their own safety and the health of the future baby, doctors recommend treating the disease before pregnancy.
Surgery with cervical erosion is rarely used. Modern procedures are carried out using liquid nitrogen, radio waves, laser, cauterization. The latter method is considered classic and is still used, but if a woman plans to give birth, it is better to refuse such a procedure. Cauterization before pregnancy is accompanied by deep tissue damage and provokes cervical deformity, which in the future may cause problems with carrying a child during childbirth.
Erosion of the cervix is not able to prevent pregnancy. If the conception took place or is only planned, the woman should be constantly monitored by the gynecologist and examined. Small erosive lesions do not manifest themselves and are not dangerous. Another thing is when pregnancy during cervical erosion is complicated by the appearance of large lesions and atypical symptoms:
- pain during sex
- sucker between menstruation,
- whites, pus,
- copious mucous discharge.
Similar symptoms indicate an advanced (chronic) stage of the disease that can develop into a cancerous tumor.
To avoid the transformation of erosion into a malignant neoplasm, a woman should regularly undergo an analysis of epithelial secretions. A smear reveals atypical cells that may indicate the beginning of negative changes.
The need for treatment during childbirth occurs only when inflammatory processes have begun and the suspicion of tumor development. If the test results did not confirm the pathological conditions, the treatment of the pregnant woman with erosion is postponed for a postpartum period. In order to avoid exacerbation of diseases, doctors prescribe preventive therapy.
With cervical erosion, natural childbirth is allowed, but there are complications, most of which are associated with violation of the integrity of the epithelium. Fragile, eroded areas of the mucous membranes are very easily damaged. During childbirth in these places often breaks occur. In identifying serious violations of the elasticity of epithelial tissues, the doctor may prescribe a cesarean section.
Another nuisance that a woman may face is vaginal candidiasis. Pathology arises and worsens after any operations. If erosion is burned, the weakened body is unable to defend against the Candida yeast. They easily penetrate into the uterine cavity. Natural childbirth in thrush is dangerous, especially for the baby. There is a risk of infection when passing through the birth canal.
Erosion often recurs, that is, returns after treatment. If this condition recurs regularly, it is recommended to give birth between relapses.
Cervical erosion: is there a chance for pregnancy
This disease does not affect the ability of the girl to conceive. If the doctor discovered erosion before the decision was made to start conceiving, it should be postponed. First of all, it is necessary to cure the disease. If erosion is detected during pregnancy, treatment is recommended to postpone and continue after delivery.
Common causes of cervical erosion:
- hormonal disbalance,
- reduced immunity
- infections of the genitourinary system
- bacterial, viral diseases,
- early sexual activity, early pregnancies and childbirth,
- trauma from childbirth or abortion,
- promiscuous sex,
- failure to follow personal hygiene
Does it interfere with getting pregnant
Experts are convinced: pathology does not affect the ability to conceive.
In this case, doctors recommend preparing for conception and undergo all necessary examinations. The detected disease in a woman who is already in position will have a negative impact on the baby, infection is possible. In addition, the cervix, prone to erosion, is less elastic, which increases the likelihood of injuries and tears during labor.
When conception comes
Erosion often does not manifest itself even in the period when conception begins. Often, women find out about its presence, being in position.
This is dangerous because the disease is often aggravated during pregnancy. Often a hormonal failure occurs, the uterine epithelium is disturbed. Also, when exacerbating erosion, a woman observes:
- blood, purulent, mucous discharge after sex,
- pain during intercourse.
What affects the course of pregnancy
Erosion is not dangerous if after a complete examination, in particular laboratory, no infectious pathologies of the genital tract have been identified.
If you find herpes, gonorrhea, chlamydia, erosion is dangerous, because all of the above infections in case of exacerbation provoke miscarriage or abnormal development of the fetus. If there are no infections, erosion treatment is postponed until after birth.
During pregnancy, the immune function of the female body is reduced, cervical erosion is susceptible to microbes, easily infected, and an inflammatory process occurs.
The infection spreads to the body of the future baby, the consequences can be:
- violations of the development of internal organs,
- congenital anomalies,
- fetal sepsis,
- fetal death.
If the expectant mother is a carrier of papilloma, herpes viruses, has a genital infection, then it is likely that erosion will develop into a malignant tumor.
Is it possible to get pregnant during unhealed erosion
Erosion does not manifest symptoms, does not cause a feeling of discomfort and, according to experts, does not affect the ability to conceive a baby.
It is worth remembering that the presence of the disease may affect the development of the fetus.
At the planning stage of pregnancy, it is necessary to undergo a full examination, and both partners.
Is it possible to become pregnant with cervical erosion
The ability to conceive cervical erosion does not affect. The disease does not show any symptoms, does not cause unpleasant feelings and discomfort. It is better for the unborn woman to postpone her treatment, using the cautery method for deliverance. As a result, scars may remain, which may cause difficulties in opening the uterus during childbirth.
It is possible to become pregnant with thrush (candidiasis) and cervical erosion, since the deformation of the integument of the cervix does not prevent the promotion of spermatozoa and fertilization. However, if there are indications for cauterization of erosion, and in this case there is a thrush, the first thing to do is to cure candidiasis.
Otherwise, the fetus may be infected, as a result will develop incorrectly. Thrush is not a disease that takes a long time to cure. Today, there are drugs that are acceptable for admission, even for girls in the position.
The probability of pregnancy depends on the stage of development of the disease, the age of the woman, her physiological characteristics. Pregnancy with inflammation of the appendages and ovaries is possible, but you should be aware of the dangers.
- ectopic pregnancy, abortion, infertility,
- thrombohemorrhagic syndrome,
- penetration of bacteria due to inflammation, which reduces the protective function of the uterus, the embryo is perceived by the body as a foreign body,
- attaching the amniotic sac to the lower uterus.
It is necessary to undergo a course of hormonal, anti-inflammatory and vitamin therapy.
When inflammation of the ovaries is likely:
- missed abortion
- fetal infection,
- hormonal failure,
- abnormalities in the development of the fetus,
- preterm delivery.
Before you get pregnant, you need to restore the functioning of the reproductive system, normalize hormones, strengthen the immune system.
With partial excision of the cervix
With partial excision of the cervix, the probability of conception in women is almost not reduced. However, before attempting to conceive, you should get advice:
In addition, you should pass:
- vaginal smear,
- swab from the cervical canal,
- blood for hormones
- colposcopy of the cervix,
- Ultrasound of the pelvic organs.
What can affect pregnancy after erosion
Erosion can be cured by various methods. Cauterization is common. The method is very dangerous, especially for those who are planning someday to become a mother.
The fact is that in the process of manipulation a part of the endometrium can be affected, which affects the concentration of hormones and the possibility of fixing the ovum. If injury occurs, the process can be disrupted, as a result it will interfere with the conception and carrying the fetus.
Pregnancy in the presence of the disease is possible in almost 100% of cases, if the main disease has not developed as a result of gross hormonal imbalance, sexually transmitted diseases, which resulted in adhesions.
Erosion for a woman who wants to be a mother is not a sentence. The danger lies in the fact that the disease is asymptomatic. To detect it, you must visit a gynecologist. In order not to start the disease, it is recommended to conduct a gynecological examination at least twice a year.
When planning a pregnancy, in addition to the examination of the doctor, you should undergo a comprehensive examination. If erosion is confirmed at the planning stage, it should be treated. In the case when the disease is detected during pregnancy, it should be postponed for the period after childbirth.
What is cervical erosion?
The cervix is the organ that connects the vagina of a woman to the uterus. In the case when the epithelium that covers the neck is damaged - erosion is formed. There are a lot of reasons that can provoke the appearance of erosion, among them mechanical damage to the epithelium, hormonal imbalance in women, and infections, and inflammatory processes.
As a rule, erosion is detected when examined by a doctor, but there are certain symptoms that may indicate the presence of this disease. It is worth worrying if you are worried by bleeding after sex, an increase in the number of whiter or pain in the lower abdomen - this may indicate the presence of this disease.
Treatment methods for cervical erosion
If you are planning a pregnancy, and the doctor has identified erosion, then you should not be upset. A few years ago, the treatment of cervical erosion was carried out only by cauterization, after which scars were formed on the cervix. They negatively influenced the process of stretching and opening of the cervix during the process of delivery, which is why they did not treat erosion before delivery.
Currently, there are many alternative treatments for erosion, which allow you to restore the integrity of the epithelium more gentle ways. Therefore, when erosion is detected, it is best to undergo treatment before the onset of pregnancy.
So, we found that you can become pregnant without any problems during erosion. On the method and time of treatment of erosion (before or after childbirth) should consult with your gynecologist. Only a doctor is able to give correct recommendations regarding the treatment of this disease on the basis of tests and gynecological examination. It is not necessary to treat too chastenly this disease. It requires the supervision of a specialist and proper timely treatment.
What is the danger?
Erosion can lead to unpleasant, and sometimes serious consequences:
- The discomfort. It increases with sexual intercourse, and in severe cases it occurs spontaneously. And it can greatly impair the quality of life and even bring a woman to depression or a nervous breakdown,
- The cervix produces a special cervical mucus, it protects the internal female genital organs from bacteria and other microorganisms. Erosion can disrupt the production of such mucus, and then the defense will weaken, which increase the risk of contracting diseases transmitted by sexual contact,
- The wound surface formed on the epithelium during erosion, is an ideal environment for the life and reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms. And if they penetrate through the cervical canal into the internal genital organs, then this can lead to serious inflammatory and infectious diseases,
- With severe erosion, normal healthy cells can mutate and regenerate, leading to signs of cervical cancer. Often the cause of this disease is precisely the erosion that is neglected and not eliminated in time,
- Such a pathology can disrupt the natural process of carrying a child.
Erosion during pregnancy and childbirth
Erosion can adversely affect the course of pregnancy.
The cervix produces a special cervical mucus, which during the period of gestation of the future child becomes especially thick and closes the canal, thereby preventing the penetration of pathogenic bacteria and the development of intrauterine infections of the fetus, it looks like a cork before birth. With erosion, production may be disrupted.
The entrance to the cervix will be partially open, so that bacteria, fungi and viruses can penetrate the canal into the uterus, which will lead to serious consequences, including fetal death due to serious infections.
During labor, the cervix contracts and opens, because the fetus will pass through its channel. And if the surface of the cervix is badly damaged, then the risk of difficulties with normal contractions and disclosure increases, and because of this, labor can be protracted and difficult.
In addition, damaged tissues become very fragile and can easily burst. A rupture of the cervix - it is extremely painful and unpleasant. They can hurt and even limit the mobility of a woman. And to repair damages during erosion is not easy, the risk of infection of tissues increases.
Watch for ovulation? Read here when you can get pregnant after menstruation and how to accurately determine the date of ovulation.
Treatment: when is it necessary, when to start it?
If erosion is minor and is not caused by serious hormonal disorders or infectious diseases, then the gynecologist can choose observation tactics to avoid aggravating the situation and complications.
Often, erosion caused by mechanical damage, disappear on their own without intervention.
When the causes are serious, and the wound surface is extensive, treatment is simply necessary. If you do not start it immediately, it will be extremely difficult to avoid the consequences.
It may take several weeks or months to fully restore the mucous membranes (it all depends on the chosen method of therapy). During this period, sex is contraindicated. In addition, you will need to make sure that the epithelium is fully restored, and the production of mucus has normalized.
If erosion was detected during pregnancy, then therapy may include only the use of local preparations: candles, ointments and creams.
Traditional methods of treatment (cryodestruction, laser coagulation, electrocoagulation or radio wave cauterization) can be used only after childbirth, as any interventions performed during pregnancy can cause the development of infection, premature birth or miscarriage.
Be sure to treat erosion in time to make and give birth to a healthy and full-fledged child!
Types and effects on pregnancy
Almost all experts agree that erosion in no way aggravates the process of carrying and does not affect the fetus..
But can erosion affect the absence of pregnancy?
- Congenital This pathology is the displacement of the cylindrical epithelium. The clinical picture of the disease is not accompanied, and most often diagnosed in adolescence. This type of illness is not prone to transformation into oncological processes, therefore, special treatment in this case is not assigned. Congenital erosion can be an obstacle to pregnancy, but as a rule, it disappears on its own.
- True erosion. Most often, this pathology is localized in the pharynx area, but in rare cases it can affect the lip of the cervix. With true erosion, bleeding is observed, possibly the development of endocervicitis, which can lead to purulent secretions.
- Pseudo-erosion. This formation does not have a specific shape, and as for its size, they can vary from a few mm to a few cm. A mucous or purulent discharge can disturb a woman. This form is rather prone to relapses, and in some cases is able to transform into a malignant tumor.
Кроме того, эрозия различается следующим образом:
- эктропион – выворот слизистой, который проходит после родов,
- endometriosis - the release of endometrial cells from the uterine cavity into the cervix,
- leukoplakia - keratinization of stratified epithelium,
In principle, in any type of erosion, pregnancy proceeds normally, and if there are no pathological secretions and infectious processes, the treatment of the disease is left for the period after childbirth.
In the case of a running stage, blood and yellow discharge, it is not advisable to wait for the birth, since this is fraught with the development of an oncological process.
Infection with erosion can affect pregnancy as follows.:
- damage to the endometrium that can cause miscarriage,
- the child’s lag in mental and physical development
- preterm labor,
- birth of a baby with pneumonia, conjunctivitis and other pathologies.
Read about what else is dangerous erosion during pregnancy, read here.
It is possible to get pregnant with erosion, but it is better to cure the disease first.
If erosion is triggered by a hormonal imbalance, for the onset of pregnancy it is necessary to normalize the hormonal background.
What is the probability of conception
The probability of conception in the absence of inflammation and hormonal disorders 100%.
Hormones are synthesized at the same level during erosion, the disease does not affect the ovarian work, therefore, the ovulation process is in no way disturbed. Bottom line: conception during erosion is quite possible..
How does it prevent pregnancy
Experts say with all confidence that erosion has no effect on the development of the embryo, but there is certainly a danger. In inflammatory and infectious processes, erosion can cause miscarriage.
In some cases, erosion can somewhat complicate the process of conception, because the functionality of the cervix is disturbed, and in addition, the ciliated epithelium is affected, which impairs the passage of seminal fluid to the uterine cavity.
How to increase the chances of conception?
In order for the chances of conception to increase in the presence of erosion, it is necessary to normalize hormones and eliminate inflammatory and infectious processes.. In addition, the woman is recommended to reduce the number of stressful situations that often arise in the diagnosis and treatment of erosion, and may affect the likelihood of conception.
Is it possible to become a mother after cauterization of erosion?
In some cases complications after cauterization may adversely affect the possibility of conception.
If the scar tissue is formed as a result of the procedure, the pharynx stops tightly blocking the cervical canal, which can lead to miscarriage.
Therefore, if a woman plans to become a mother in the near future, the doctor should select a more gentle method of treating erosion.
The following erosion treatment methods are available.:
- Diathermocoagulation- cauterization current. At the same time, a scar is formed on the neck, which can cause a child to fail. Fatal women should not use this method of treatment.
- Cryotherapy. The affected area is treated with a stream of liquid nitrogen, scar tissue is not formed, and therefore, this method of treatment is not contraindicated for women who have not given birth.
- Laser therapy The least dangerous and very effective way to treat pathology. At the same time there is no scarring, so laser therapy is recommended for women who plan to become mothers.
- Radio wave surgery. Contactless and bloodless method of disposal of erosion, not leaving a scar.
- Chemical coagulation. It is possible only with small erosion. The treatment consists of several treatments that cannot guarantee the complete healing of the affected tissues.
There are still conservative treatments – douching, tamponation, use vaginal suppositories and vaginal tablets.
Redness around the cervix - what is it?
The cervix plays a key role in the process of conceiving a child. After all, this is a kind of gateway to the uterus.
It performs important functions:
- produces mucus, which affects the ability of sperm to move freely in the direction of the fallopian tube, where fertilization of the egg should occur,
- affects the process of carrying, preventing premature onset of labor,
- interferes with rapid labor activity.
Erosion is an ulcer, a wound on the epithelium of the cervix. It occurs due to the inflammatory process in the female organs. The doctor can detect it during a routine examination on a gynecological chair. However, “by eye” such a diagnosis is not made. Redness around the cervix may also indicate ectopia (pseudo-erosion).
Ectopia is a normal physiological condition that occurs in every third woman. Redness in ectopia passes by itself and does not need treatment. Ectopia does not affect conception either.
However, some old-school physicians do not differentiate between erosion and ectopia, sending the patient to cauterization “without trial”. Although true erosion is much less common than ectopia.
Remember: before you make such a serious diagnosis, the doctor must do a colposcopy - a study of the vaginal mucosa with a special device.
Colposcopy done on a gynecological chair. If colposcopy confirms the diagnosis of “true erosion,” sometimes you still need to perform a biopsy (examination of a piece of tissue under a microscope) in order to rule out a malignant process.
Why does it occur
Women who are planning a pregnancy are often interested in how erosive formation in the cervix will affect conception.
True erosion of the cervix affects its condition and functionality, so to some extent reduces the likelihood of successful conception. This does not mean that having an erosive formation at the outer end of the cervical canal, a woman cannot become pregnant.
Cervical erosion is not an obstacle to pregnancy, but still it is better to plan the conception of the child after it is eliminated. Indeed, it is important not only how erosion of the cervix affects conception. But the reasons for which it arose. After all, some of them in themselves are unsafe pathologies and can harm the unborn child.
So, the possible causes of pathology:
- hormonal changes in a woman’s body, menstrual disorders,
- regular and long-term oral contraceptives,
- infections that are sexually transmitted and are a risk factor for the development of inflammation,
- physical and mechanical injuries of the cervix,
- genetic predisposition
- bad ecology,
- depletion of the body
- failure to follow basic rules of intimate hygiene.
With cervical erosion, it is possible to become pregnant, but it is better to recover first. Most experts recommend getting rid of the disease first, and only then plan to conceive a child.
Infection and conception
Erosion itself is not a barrier to becoming pregnant. What can not be said about an infection that loves to join it, provoking the development of the inflammatory process, a modification of the epithelial covering tissue, a dysfunction of the cervix.
Is it possible to get pregnant with cervical erosion, which has become inflamed as a result of infection?
As is well known, an active infectious process changes the structure of epithelial cells and may prevent the formation of normal mucus, which is necessary to protect the inner uterus from spreading microbial agents. This can lead to infection of the fetus. In addition, the inflamed and thinned epithelium in the area of erosion can lead to premature birth. And also during childbirth can be damaged and torn.
The attending physician always warns his patients about the possible dangers that erosive formation on the cervix of the uterus is fraught with and strongly recommends planning pregnancy only after erosion treatment.
In order to get rid of the pathology of the cervix of the uterus, a woman needs to undergo several studies and only after that the doctor will decide whether to apply this or that kind of treatment.
The choice of therapeutic tactics is influenced by several factors at once: the cause of the development of the pathological process, the presence of infection, the characteristics and main characteristics of erosion, and the like.
In modern medical practice, doctors use the following methods to cure erosion, then to become pregnant:
- topical treatment with antibacterial agents. They allow you to get rid of the infection, and thereby reduce the manifestations of erosion and promote healing,
- cauterization with chemicals (mixture of acids),
- defect destruction by laser. The laser beam affects the affected tissue without subsequent scarring,
- cryodestruction of erosive formation with liquid nitrogen,
- diathermocoagulation - a method of cauterization by electric current. This method gives good results, but scars can occur after it, and this is undesirable for those planning pregnancy,
- cutting out of an erosion defect by means of radio waves, which is known by the working name "radio-knife",
- national treatment, the effectiveness of which is not fully proven. Therefore, practitioners treat him with caution, not believing that the disease can be eliminated with the help of traditional medicine recipes.
Moxibustion and sterility
After successful treatment of erosion of the cervix, when you can talk about the complete recovery of the patient, you can safely begin planning pregnancy. Naturally, women who want to experience all the joys of motherhood, have questions.
When can I get pregnant after cauterization of erosion? Is it possible to even get pregnant after cervical erosion, if due to intensive treatment scars have formed? In most cases, you can get pregnant, although there are exceptions.
Does moxibustion affect the reproduction of women and can it lead to infertility? Usually, pregnancy after cauterization of cervical erosion does not differ from the normal process of carrying a child. After all, most modern methods do not leave scars.
If there are scars, then among these women the percentage of miscarriages is slightly higher. After all, scars make the neck less elastic, and it performs its functions worse.
Very rarely, cauterization of the cervix becomes the cause of the formation of multiple scars, which leads to a sharp narrowing of the cervical canal, and the woman becomes infertile. But do not despair: there are techniques that eliminate such scars.
When to plan a pregnancy
After how much can you get pregnant after cauterization, cryodestruction, diathermocoagulation and other procedures?
It all depends on the patient: on the processes of tissue regeneration, scar formation, immune reactivity, the duration of the rehabilitation period.
How long it will take to prepare for a pregnancy depends on the woman herself, her desire to recover, and the precise implementation of all the recommendations of a specialist.
Erosive defect in the cervix - a very aggressive pathological formation, which without treatment can cause the development of a number of complications, including cancer. Therefore, women who are planning a pregnancy should regularly visit a gynecologist and immediately begin treatment when diagnosing erosion.
Competently: gynecologist's comment
The questions of the patients are answered by obstetrician-gynecologist Elena Artemyeva
- The doctor discovered my erosion and sent it for cauterization. Do I have to do it?
- First, test for sexually transmitted infections. I also advise you to undergo colposcopy and cervical cytology. These studies will help determine if your doctor has correctly diagnosed. Doctors often interpret pseudo-erosion (ectopia) as true erosion. The latter is very rare and should be treated (for example, cauterization). Ectopia does not need treatment.
- I am 32 years old, gave birth twice. After the second birth, erosion was formed (0.5 cm, Y-negative epithelium). Can I get pregnant with cervical erosion? Should I burn it?
- It is necessary to pass an analysis on the human papillomavirus, it sometimes causes changes in the epithelium in the female organs. Often, it is because of HPV that a Y-negative zone occurs. You also need to do colposcopy and smear on atypical cells. Treatment - by results. It is possible that you have an ectopia, but it does not require treatment at all.
- During pregnancy, I found a slight erosion. I plan the child again. When is it better to be treated - now or after the second birth? Will the treatment affect the ability to get pregnant?
- First, you need to be examined to find out whether erosion has remained. Often she heals after childbirth. Make a general smear, cytology, colposcopy. If necessary, be treated. Proper treatment of subsequent conception will not be affected.
- Is it dangerous to get pregnant with erosion? It may be worth giving birth and only then be treated?
- By itself, this pathology does not affect the fetus. But if it is caused by an infection, it can lead to intrauterine infection, and this is very dangerous. I advise you to pass the seeding of the vagina, PCR for sexually transmitted diseases.