Every month, each girl experiences several days of the menstrual cycle. For some, "these days" pass completely unnoticed. Others are ready to climb the wall in the truest sense of the word. Some representatives of the beautiful half of humanity begin to experience pain a couple of days or even a week before the first day of the menstrual cycle. This is not to say that this is normal. At the slightest appearance of discomfort, you need to make an appointment with a doctor. He will make the correct diagnosis and also prescribe an effective treatment.
Many more complain of pain in the ovaries before menstruation. Every normal woman who cares about her health is worried. The reasons for a balanced panic really exist, but first, it is necessary to understand, because of what the ovary actually hurts.
The reason is “critical days”
Most often in women just before menstruation ovary hurts. Doctors for this phenomenon have even identified a special medical term. The problem is called very simply - ovulatory syndrome. Most often, such a clinical picture is not a reason for panic. Ovulatory syndrome does not carry any danger, and also does not affect the reproductive system.
Therefore, we can safely say that pain in the ovaries before menstruation is not fatal. But, if this happens, it is better to see a doctor who can exclude all sorts of diseases.
Main causes of pain
In 50% of girls before the onset of menstruation, the ovary begins to hurt. That is how many girls determine how many days are left until menstruation.
Before the start of "these days" in the body of a woman there are some changes. The ovum matures and enters the fallopian tubes in order to fertilize. The follicle, or rather its remnants, is formed into a special so-called "yellow body". It takes part in the development of a hormone called progesterone.
Sometimes it happens that this process gets lost. Accordingly, the body does not release enough progesterone. On this basis, the endometrium peels off. And this leads to the fact that the beautiful half of humanity has sore ovaries before menstruation. As you can see, everything is quite simply explained.
Some people confuse ovulatory syndrome with pregnancy. In order to distinguish it, it is necessary to remember its main symptoms:
- Pain first in the right ovary before menstruation, and then in the left.
- There is pain in both ovaries before critical days.
The golden mean of the cycle
Earlier, we considered the causes of pain in the ovaries a couple of days before the start of the “critical days”. But what to do if the pain occurs in the middle of the cycle, about 14 or 15 days?
First you need to understand what is happening in the girl's body at this moment. The egg cell at this time destroys the outer sheath of the follicle and begins to move along the fallopian tube. As a result, small and natural damage to the inner walls occurs. Because of this, a few drops of blood fall into the abdominal cavity. They affect the nerve endings. The brain receives information that is “translated” as pain. Doctors called this process "fertile window."
Signs that characterize the "fertile window":
- pain on the right or left appears in the middle of the cycle, approximately on day 14,
- small but not characteristic discharge appears,
- the duration of pain from several minutes to several hours,
- pain is pulling and dull.
It happens that a woman's pain does not go away within 24 hours, and the temperature rises. Then urgently go to the hospital. Such discomfort can lead to not very rosy results. Women face not only infertility, but even death. No need to hesitate in this matter.
The cause of the discomfort can be various violations in the structure of the fallopian tubes and the ovary itself. This can lead to dangerous internal bleeding or even peritonitis. If your health is dear to you, then if you have a pain in the left ovary or right - contact a specialist for help. Especially, if the pain occurs every month.
Pain during "these" days
During “these days,” the places where the egg is “born” cannot in any way cause pain. If you still experience any discomfort, then most likely the problem is hiding inside the uterus.
Before the onset of menstruation, the endometrial layer grows in the girl's body. Thus, he is preparing for the addition of a fertilized egg. If the pregnancy does not occur, it loses the need and leaves the body. That is, a woman begins her period.
To make the epithelium easier to get out of the body, the uterus begins to contract gradually. This leads to pain. The more often the uterus contracts, the more discomfort a woman experiences. Sometimes the pain is so strong that the girl can not lead a normal life. She has to take painkillers, and in some cases it even goes to injections.
As already mentioned, during menstruation, the ovary hurts only in extreme cases. The reasons for this can only be various tumors and cysts, psychological disorders and stress. It has nothing to do with the reproductive process, but still requires an appeal to the doctor.
Discomfort after critical days
After a woman has critical days, the reproductive process begins anew. Ideally, the girl should not experience any pain.
If you still experience discomfort or pain, then most likely you have any gynecological disease. Therefore, you urgently need to seek help from an experienced gynecologist.
Discomfort during intercourse
Many girls complain of pain in the ovaries during or after intercourse. The reason for this may be various factors. Here are some of them:
- various infectious diseases and genital processes,
- genital inflammation,
- cyst in the ovaries (in one or two),
- benign and malignant neoplasms in the genitals,
- the presence of adhesions in the pelvic organs of the girl,
- insufficient release of lubricant during intercourse as a result of a violation of the vaginal secretory function,
- deep penetration
- overstrain during intercourse.
Any of the reasons causes discomfort during intercourse. A woman begins to think that she is frigid, since the process itself does not bring any pleasure, but only pain. Against this background, various complexes are beginning to develop, and even psychological trauma. Therefore, it is not necessary to postpone this problem indefinitely.
Discomfort during pregnancy
Pregnancy is the most beautiful time in the life of every girl. Therefore, every woman dreams of an ideal pregnancy and a healthy baby. Unfortunately, in real life, not everything works the way you want. Sometimes when a child is born, the girl begins to experience pain in the ovaries, which leads to panic and nerves.
It should be understood that during pregnancy all the organs of the beautiful half of humanity shift. They are absolutely not in those places where they should be. For example, the ovaries move slightly above their allotted place.
Pain is most often associated with the fact that all the organs that take part in the carrying and birth of a baby are in a very tense state. They bear a huge burden, and so they show the woman that "everything is not so simple." This is absolutely normal, and do not panic ahead of time.
Elimination of pain and treatment is quite simple. A pregnant girl is enough:
- stop nervous and worry about trifles
- to eat healthy
- more rest and be in the fresh air,
- Constantly do light exercises and gymnastics (Yoga is great for pregnant women).
These tips are valid only if you have pain only during pregnancy, and earlier you did not experience any discomfort. Otherwise, pain in the ovaries during pregnancy may indicate the presence of various tumors, cysts and inflammations. This is not a joke, so with the slightest discomfort should urgently run to the doctor.
Do not joke with pain in the ovaries. Such discomfort can be caused by various pathologies that adversely affect the health of the girl. Do not run yourself and your disease. If you ask for help in time, any disease can be quickly cured and forgotten forever. Do not waste time.
Pain rarely manifests itself in isolation. Much more often it is accompanied by a mass of other symptoms.
- The discharge is scanty or abundant. Including in the intermenstrual period. The nature of the exudation is different: we can talk about a small number of whiter, serous type or purulent character. It is necessary to distinguish diseases of the described profile from sexually transmitted pathologies. For these purposes, PCR, ELISA studies and some others are assigned.
- Disorders of the menstrual cycle. According to the type of delay, open-back pain (too long a period of menstruation), dysmenorrhea (pain of an intense nature), oligomenorrhea (small amount of discharge).
- Changes in the nature of fertility. A woman loses the opportunity to have children. However, this is not an axiom. The possibility of natural conception is preserved, although the probability of such an outcome is no higher than 25%.
- Increased body temperature. Hyperthermia is at the level of 37.5-38 degrees and slightly higher.
- Intense pain in the lower abdomen. Pulling character. It differs in localization from the typical pain in the uterus.
- Nausea, vomiting, dizziness, weakness, drowsiness, and symptoms of general intoxication are possible.
Diagnostic measures begin at the reception of a specialist. At the first suspicion of pathology of the ovaries should be referred to a gynecologist. To delay with the survey can not be possible complications.
At the initial consultation, the doctor interrogates the patient for complaints, records information for further analysis. It is important to collect anamnesis. This will reveal the diseases that the patient suffered or is suffering from. A huge role is played by recent unprotected sex, the presence of other pathological processes in the gynecologist's part.
Further, the following studies are assigned to make and verify the diagnosis:
- Complete blood count (aka UAC). Shows a picture of a classic inflammatory process with high values of ESR and leukocytes. But not always. With menstrual pain, there is no inflammation.
- Examination with the help of a gynecological mirror. Conducted to determine the state of the sexual passages of the patient.
- Bimanual examination.
- Colposcopy. Allows you to examine the cervix under a microscope.
- Ultrasound examination of the uterus and ovaries (pelvic organs).
- Biopsy of tumors by puncture or laparoscopic access.
- Histological evaluation of tissues. Appointed in the presence of tumors. Allows you to determine the structure of the neoplasia.
- In extreme cases, MRI with contrast enhancement is indicated to isolate tumors from cysts and from each other.
- PCR study for suspected genital infections.
- Smear from the vagina and cervical canal.
- ELISA study.
- Ultrasound of the pelvis.
If all indicators are normal, they talk about menstrual, physiological pain. A similar condition is detected by the exception method.
Menstrual pain within the normal course of the cycle does not require special treatment. They are considered physiological. In other cases, it all depends on the nature of the pathology.
In inflammatory diseases of the infectious type, the use of drugs of several pharmaceutical groups is indicated:
- Anti-inflammatory nonsteroidal origin. Appointed to relieve pain, inflammation.
- Antiseptic preparations. They help to destroy the pathogenic flora localized in the region of the sexual passages. Suitable means such as Miramistin and Chlorhexidine.
- Steroidal anti-inflammatory to relieve the main symptoms of the pathological process.
- Analgesics for pain relief. Based on metamizole sodium. Shown in all cases, but should apply with caution: can increase bleeding.
- Antibiotics, antiviral drugs, anti-mycotic drugs. Appointed to destroy pathogenic flora.
Tumors of any origin are treated only surgically. Laparoscopic or laparotomic access. For cancer of a confirmed nature, chemotherapy and radiation therapy are prescribed. Cysts are removed radically, or held a puncture.
True pains in the ovaries during menstruation are rare. Almost always they point to a particular pathological process. In fact, the discomfort gives from the uterus to the appendages. In all cases, the necessary study of the pelvic organs. Only if everything is in order, they talk about menstrual pain. Self-medication is not recommended. It is dangerous and useless.
Discomfort can be in one or at the same time in two ovaries. Often these feelings are irregular and directly depend on menstruation. It should be remembered that pain is not a disease, but one of the symptoms of hormonal imbalance in the body. In addition, it may be evidence of the development of gynecological diseases.
Also, the pain may occur during ovulation, which is characterized by the movement of the egg after the rupture of the follicle. In this case, do not worry, because we are talking about the natural physiological process.
It happens that pulling the ovaries before menstruation or in their first days. This is quite normal and is due to a decrease in estrogen in the blood, as well as the process of exfoliation of the endometrium.
Pain in the ovaries before menstruation
Many girls have no problems with menstruation, but there are those who suffer from irregular menstruation. Ovaries can hurt before menstruation, and the reasons for this are varied. One of them is hypothermia, which has a negative effect on the state of the appendages, through the development of inflammation in them.
To accurately determine the cause of the pathology, you should contact the gynecologist. Only a specialist, based on the clinical picture, can accurately identify the cause of the pain.
Quite a common aspect of the appearance of pain syndrome are cysts on the ovaries. They are fluid-filled tumors. Often they appear if the follicle is overripe. In the normal state, it matures and ruptures, however, if this does not happen, a cystic formation appears in its place.
The main causes of pain in the appendages:
- hormonal disbalance,
- atypical location of the ovaries.
Ovulation as one of the reasons
Many representatives of the fair sex complain that the ovaries ache before menstruation. This concept in medicine is called ovulation. Often it is not dangerous for the body and does not affect the reproductive function.
For this reason, pain in the ovaries before menstruation is not considered to be a physiological phenomenon, but if such symptoms occur, it will be helpful to consult your doctor. This will help eliminate the development of diseases.
Almost half of the women before the onset of menstruation begins to pull in the lower abdomen - this is a signal of the approaching menstruation. Before they start, a number of changes occur in the body - the egg matures first, then it starts moving along the fallopian tube.
Then the follicles turn into the corpus luteum, which is responsible for producing progesterone. Sometimes the body fails, as a result of which progesterone is not produced enough, and the process of exfoliation starts in the endometrium - this may be another cause of pain.
Feeling painful in the middle of a cycle
In order to understand the cause of pain, you need to understand the processes occurring in a woman's body at this time. In the middle of the menstrual cycle there is a rupture of the follicle, from which the egg cell begins to emerge and move along the fallopian tube. This movement is accompanied by microdamages to the walls inside the fallopian tubes, as a result of which a little blood is released. She, in turn, irritates the nerves of the abdominal cavity. These processes are recognized by the brain as pain. In medical terminology, this time is referred to as the fertile window.
- Pain in the ovary (from which the egg comes out) around the 14th day of the menstrual cycle. The duration of this condition can vary from a few minutes to several hours.
- Scanty spotting.
- Nagging pain.
Sometimes it happens that, in addition to unpleasant sensations in the lower abdomen, body temperature can rise. In this situation, you should immediately consult a doctor. This condition can cause complications or even death.
In addition, one of the causes of discomfort at this time may be the wrong structure of the reproductive system.This situation is dangerous, as a result of which internal bleeding and peritonitis may develop.
It should be noted that if a woman has a sore left ovary before menstruation (or right, it does not matter), you should visit the gynecologist, especially when discomfort appears every month for a long period.
Discomfort during menstruation
Often, pain during menstruation indicates the development of pathology in the uterus. Before the onset of menstruation, the amount of endometrium increases. This is a reaction of the body to the possible occurrence of pregnancy. If fertilization does not occur, exfoliation of the epithelium begins and its exit to the outside, as a result of this, menstruation begins.
To facilitate the release of epithelium, the uterus begins to contract faster, which can also cause pain. The more often and more intensively it contracts, the stronger the pain syndrome. This period in the lives of many women is very hard, hindering normal life. Some are forced to take painkillers and antispasmodic drugs, sometimes as an injection.
It is noteworthy that during menstruation, painful sensations occur quite rarely, their causes may be different, sometimes not having a connection with the human reproductive system. This phenomenon requires a visit to the doctor.
Pain syndrome during pregnancy
Pregnancy - the most significant event in the life of a woman. Everyone dreams of a healthy baby and the ideal course of pregnancy. However, in life, not everything happens as we would like. Sometimes during pregnancy, a woman experiences painful sensations in the ovaries, which leads to nervous conditions and panic.
It should be remembered that during the development of the fetus all the organs of the female body are shifted. They can be completely in places atypical for them. For example, the ovaries move higher than they should be.
Often, pain is due to the fact that all the organs that are involved in carrying and giving birth to a child experience stress. They are charged with a large load and they signal to the woman that "not everything is so easy." This is a completely normal situation, and experiences are premature.
To combat this discomfort, you should follow simple rules:
- eat right,
- walk more in the fresh air and relax
- try to worry as little as possible on trifles,
- exercise regularly and gymnastics. In this case, yoga is well suited for pregnant women.
These recommendations should be followed if pain began to manifest itself during pregnancy, and before that there was no discomfort. In other cases, the pain may be due to the development of inflammation, cysts or tumors. When anxiety symptoms appear, you should immediately visit your doctor.
Pain as a result of pathology
Discomfort in the lower abdomen can cause diseases. Depending on the location, it is possible to judge one or another pathology. If, after menstruation, the right ovary hurts, it can be a symptom of the following conditions:
- Appendicitis - an inflammation of the appendix can be given to the area of the right ovary.
- Apoplexy - damage to the vessels of the right ovary, the effects of inflammation, infection or heavy physical exertion. Often this condition occurs in the right ovary, due to the fact that it feeds a large artery.
In addition, there are some conditions that are characteristic of the left appendage. This is because the urinary system is located in this part of the abdominal cavity, as well as the intestine. If the left ovary hurts, it can cause the following conditions:
- Oophoritis is an inflammatory process that most often affects the left organ. Painful sensations are paroxysmal, sensations as if shooting into the ovary.
- A cyst is a neoplasm that puts pressure on the appendage.
- Apoplexy - hemorrhage in the cavity of the ovary.
Painful sensations will be more pronounced than with a similar pathology in the right ovary, due to the proximity of the intestine.
There are many reasons why the ovaries after menstruation, as well as before and during them, hurt. Some of these are natural processes, others are a symptom of the disease. If discomfort appears, it is necessary to undergo an examination by a gynecologist. Only a specialist is able to accurately diagnose and prescribe the correct treatment.
Pain in the ovaries
Pain can appear either in only one ovary (left or right) or in two at once. The pain may be cyclical, usually irregular and closely related to menses.
As for the pain itself, it must be remembered that this is not a disease, but an alarming symptom of disorders in the body associated with changes in hormonal levels. A considerable amount of gynecological diseases can manifest itself as painful sensations in the ovary.
Pain in the ovary can also be a symptom of ovulatory syndrome, that is, it occurs as a result of changes in the body during the menstrual cycle, namely due to a rupture of the follicle and the release of an egg cell.
No exception is the appearance of pain in the ovary before menstruation or during them. Its appearance is associated with a decrease in the amount of estrogen in the blood and endometrial detachment.
The appearance of pain in the ovary before menstruation
Pain in the ovaries before menstruation
Some women suffer from irregular periods, and the other part has no problems with the menstrual cycle. Pain in the ovaries may appear a few days before the onset of menstruation or during it. The reasons for their appearance can be very diverse. The situation with hypothermia of the body, which adversely affected the state of the ovaries, by forming an inflammatory process in them is considered possible.
To determine the cause of the pathological sensations, it is necessary to consult a gynecologist and undergo an ultrasound examination. It will help to establish the exact cause of pain, because it can be taken as pain in the pubic area, lower abdomen or in the lumbar spine.
It is necessary to emphasize that quite often the cause of pain is an ovarian cyst. Under it is necessary to understand the tumor, which is filled with exudate. In other words, a cyst can be considered a bag having thin walls, its dimensions can be different, even up to 20 cm in diameter.
In the overwhelming majority of cases, a cyst forms when the follicle, which is responsible for the formation of a sex cell, overrides. Normally, the follicle should mature and break, but if this does not happen, then a cyst forms in its place.
The main trigger factors for pain in the ovaries include:
- hormonal disorders,
- wrong arrangement of appendages.
The cause of the pain is ovulation.
The vast majority of women complain about the appearance of pain in the ovary once a month before menstruation, this medical condition is called ovulatory syndrome in medical practice. In most cases, it does not pose a danger to the woman’s body and does not adversely affect her reproductive ability.
That is why the condition when the ovary hurts before menstruation can be attributed to physiological phenomena, but if such a symptom occurs, it will be better to consult a doctor. This will eliminate the presence in the body of various types of diseases.
Almost half of the women before the onset of menstruation noted the presence of pain in the area of localization of the ovaries. This is a kind of signal for menstruation, which is just around the corner. After all, before they begin, the body is influenced by a number of changes, the maturation of the egg, its exit to the fallopian tubes and the preparation for fertilization. The follicle turns into the corpus luteum, which is responsible for producing progesterone.
In some cases, this process in the body can stray, the body lacks the required amount of progesterone, and the endometrium begins to exfoliate, all this becomes the cause of pain in the ovaries.
Pain in the middle of the cycle
Pain in the middle of the menstrual cycle
We have already figured out why there is pain in the ovaries a few days before menstruation, and now we will try to find out what the reason for its occurrence is in the middle of the cycle.
First of all, you need to understand what changes occur in this period. So the egg cell, destroying the follicle membrane, leaves it and begins to move through the fallopian tube. And this causes microscopic damage to its internal walls, which are characterized by the release of a small amount of blood. This blood irritates the nerve endings of the abdominal cavity. The brain recognizes the information received in the form of pain. The medical term for this period is also called the fertile window. Its main characteristics are the condition when:
- the right ovary or the left one hurts (painful sensations appear on the 14th day of the cycle, they can last for several minutes or several hours),
- insignificant discharge appears,
- pains have a pulling character
There are cases when pain rises, which continue throughout the day, are also joined by a rise in temperature. In this case, you need as soon as possible to seek help from medical professionals. This is explained by the fact that this situation can lead to a number of complications, infertility and even death.
The cause of pain during this period can also be a violation of the structure of the fallopian tubes and ovaries. This situation is also considered dangerous, because it can cause the formation of internal bleeding and peritonitis.
Having summarized a little, it is necessary to emphasize that if a woman has a left ovary or the right ovary, she needs to consult a doctor, especially if the pain appears regularly, every month for a long time.
Pain during menstruation
Pain in the ovaries during menstruation
During menstruation, pain most likely indicates pathological processes inside the uterus.
Consider what happens in the body during this period. Before menstruation, there is a rapid growth of the endometrium, this is how the body prepares for the upcoming egg attachment after fertilization. However, if the pregnancy does not occur, the epithelium begins to flake off and go outside, and menstruation begins.
To facilitate the process of removing the epithelium of the uterus is reduced, which may cause the appearance of pain. The more intense and more frequent the contractions occur, the brighter the pain will be. In some women, the pain is so pronounced that it interferes with the normal rhythm of life and forces you to take painkillers or antispasmodics, sometimes even injections are used.
Gynecological diseases as a cause of pain in the ovaries
Well, now let us consider in more detail the most common pathological states and processes that can become the cause of the appearance of pain.
- Infectious processes in the inflammatory ovary. In this case, the discomfort is present and worried about the woman throughout the entire menstrual cycle, however, the pain in the ovary begins to be more intense just before and during menstruation. In parallel, there may be an irradiation of pain in the lumbar and perineal areas.
- Adnexitis. This pathological condition is characterized by the appearance of pain in the lower abdomen and lower back.
- The inflammatory processes in the appendages of the uterus are characterized by a similar localization of pain with the addition of weakness, aggressiveness and insomnia.
- Neoplasms of malignant and benign nature. The pain is constant, especially if exudate from the cyst penetrates the abdominal cavity. Pain is very intense in the case when the tumor grows on the leg and its torsion occurs.
- Torsion of the ovaries. In this case, the pain is acute and unbearable, it occurs in parallel with vomiting. Most often, this pathological condition is diagnosed in adolescent girls or women who are engaged in excessive physical exertion.
- Hemorrhage in the ovary (most often in the right). It is characterized by extremely intense pain, radiating to the entire pelvic area in combination with tachycardia, hypotension and vomiting. The woman may even lose consciousness.
- The cause can also be an ectopic pregnancy or prolonged exposure to stressful situations.
Summarizing the need to focus on the fact that each person should be attentive to his body and listen to the signals that he gives. After all, the appearance of any atypical sensations the human body is trying to warn about the presence of pathological processes and the need to seek medical help.
Causes of pain
It is believed that every second woman of reproductive age periodically feels discomfort before menstruation in the region of the sex glands. Often, such sensations are interpreted by many as a sign of the early onset of menstruation.
To understand why the left ovary hurts before menstruation (or right, it is not so important), you need to deal with the processes occurring in these glands.
After the egg has matured, it goes to the fallopian tube. The vacated space in the ovary is used by the so-called corpus luteum, which is engaged in the production of progesterone. Due to hormonal disruption, the corpus luteum may not form to the end.
A deficiency of progesterone leads to detachment of the endometrium, and this in itself is painful. They give pain to the appendages, which a woman feels. The pain suggests that the endometrium is already exfoliating, which means that it will soon begin to go out with blood (menstruation).
If the right ovary pulls before menstruation, then it is he who was responsible for ovulation in the current cycle. Accordingly, if another appendage was responsible for ovulation, it would pull the left ovary before menstruation. However, the pain must be felt alternately in both appendages.
Since the cause of painful processes is a natural process, there is nothing to fear. However, we can not always be sure what exactly caused the pain. Perhaps there is a pathology.
Pain in the genital gland is also one of the symptoms of ovulatory syndrome.
How to understand that ovaries hurt
It is very easy to guess what this or that pain is connected with, but how to understand whether the ovaries are related to the problem? Perhaps the problem is caused by other organs. First of all, you need to know that the ovaries before menstruation can only hurt in the lower abdomen.
Localization of pain in other places is possible due to problems with the ovaries, but they themselves give only to the lower abdomen, right or left. However, not every pain in the lower abdomen arises from the fault of the sex glands.
Norm or not - how to understand
The following situation is considered normal:
- ovary hurts about a week before menstruation,
- the pain is regular and not acute,
- over time, the girl forgets about the problem until the first days of the cycle,
- pain may continue with the onset of menstruation, but it is not so noticeable compared to other symptoms of menstruation,
- sometimes pain can be very strong, but it should not be so. It is advisable to consult a gynecologist, especially if the attack was not one,
- the results of clinical checks show no pathology.
In all other cases, the pain requires the observation of a doctor, because they are not considered the norm. Only testing together with an examination of the body will help determine why an ovary is colitis before menstruation, if your situation does not fit into the framework of the above-described norm.
There are cases when, shortly before the onset of menstruation, not only the ovaries hurt, but also minor bleeding. This is not a reason for panic, because such a manifestation of the normal functioning of the female body is allowed. If the blood continues to flow, and even abundant, then you need to visit a doctor.
Pain in the ovary before menstruation may have causes that are far from the body’s natural work. Not considered the norm of pain closer to the end of the cycle, if they are accompanied by alarming symptoms.
- Increased body temperature.
- Nausea with vertigo.
- Loss of bones throughout the body.
- Other disturbing symptoms characteristic of various pathologies.
Pathology as a cause of pain
It is worth considering other reasons why ovaries hurt before menstruation, in addition to the natural female processes. Various pathologies of the female body can adversely affect the work of the appendages. Often we are talking about problems with the urogenital system. Sometimes everything is solved by itself, often treatment with various drugs is required, but sometimes it is impossible to get rid of the problem without surgical intervention.
Consider the most frequent pathologies leading to pain in the ovaries.
- Inflammation of the sex glands (adnexitis). Minor pains should always be present, but their aggravation occurs during menstruation and a little earlier.
- Abnormal location of the ovum. Возможен риск внематочной беременности.
- Воспалительные процессы в самой матке.
- Если болит правый яичник перед месячными, то можно заподозрить апоплексию. Она редко проявляется в левом яичнике. It is characterized by acute pain with the appearance of signs of hematoma on the stomach from the side from which the pains come.
- Torsion is accompanied by severe and severe pain. Most often occurs in adolescents and athletes.
- The tumor is benign or malignant. In this situation, characterized by strong attacks of pain.
- Oophoritis is an inflammatory process in which there are cramping attacks, less aching pain.
When just whining or pulling the ovary before menstruation, this can be a sign of excessive nervous stress and stressful situations. In pathologies, pains are rarely pulling, usually they are sharp or cramping.
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The term meaning pain in the ovaries during menstruation and before it in medicine is called ovulatory syndrome. Such complaints are present in many women and are not always a sign of gynecological disease.
According to medical statistics, ovarian pain before menstruation worries up to 50% of women. On this basis, many even guess about the imminent approach of menstruation.
The normal menstrual cycle consists of two phases. In the first, follicle ripens to a certain size. In the second phase, the follicle should burst, the egg cell comes out, and a yellow body forms in its place. This is a special organ that progesterone allocates to prepare for a future pregnancy. The monthly cycle does not always go according to plan, and sometimes the corpus luteum does not release enough progesterone.
Such a temporary hormonal imbalance causes ovulatory syndrome. This phenomenon is diagnosed by the following symptoms:
- pain of the left or right ovary 3-4 days before the beginning of menstruation,
- ovarian soreness during menstruation,
- the appearance of spotting,
- when examining obvious reasons for the pain is not detected.
When ovulatory syndrome is concerned, the pain of one of the ovaries occurs regularly with each cycle. Most women eventually get used to this phenomenon, tolerate it or take painkillers and antispasmodics.
With ovarian pain during menstruation, discomfort usually does not cause obvious discomfort and is not particularly marked. At the time of ovulation may occur scant lung discharge.
Along with these symptoms, the diagnosis of ovulatory syndrome is confirmed by the diagnosis. Characteristically, the survey does not find any obvious reasons that can cause pain. That is why the temporary and regular painfulness of the ovaries before the onset of menstruation in most cases is not considered a manifestation of the disease.
However, do not underestimate this symptom and delay the treatment to the gynecologist for painful sensations of any kind. Sometimes such pain can be a sign of serious gynecological diseases.
Complaints of pain in the stomach or side occur not only before menstruation, but also in the middle of the cycle, after the end of menstruation.
The onset of menstruation is often accompanied by various unpleasant phenomena. May suffer from lower abdominal pain, digestive disorders. During menstruation, detachment and excretion of the inner layer of the uterus occurs. Thus, the endometrium is regularly updated, and the uterus is prepared for the onset of pregnancy.
To improve endometrial rejection, uterine tone is increased. These processes usually cause pain during menstruation. If during a woman's period a woman complains of pain in the ovaries, it is usually associated with an inflammatory process or other pathology.
When a woman is worried about long-term pain, fever, discharge of an unusual color or with a sharp unpleasant smell, you should immediately seek medical help from a doctor. These signs may indicate serious illnesses that lead to infertility or even threaten life:
- ovarian apoplexy,
- cyst inflammation
- inflammatory processes
- ectopic pregnancy,
- ovarian torsion,
- inflammation of the fallopian tubes.
Ovarian apoplexy, torsion of it, ectopic pregnancy is an acute condition in which there is a sudden sharp pain. At the same time from the vagina appear bleeding, body temperature rises. These conditions require emergency medical care, as they lead to peritonitis. Urgent surgical treatment is required.
In inflammatory processes in the ovaries and tubes, anxious nagging pains that worsen during menstruation are troubling. In addition, there are violations of the menstrual cycle, the appearance of yellow or brown discharge before the beginning of menstruation.
Tumors cause bloody discharge with clots, the cycle becomes irregular, and long-term menstruation with copious secretions is troubling.
The diagnosis can only be established by a qualified specialist, therefore it is important to consult a doctor in time for timely diagnosis and treatment.
The stomach hurts before menstruation, causes
Women who have reached child-bearing age calmly respond to monthly bleeding at the beginning of the menstrual cycle. Menstruation should not provoke inconvenience and worsen the physical condition of women. However, a fairly high percentage of the female half of humanity feels pain in the uterine appendages before menstruation or immediately after its occurrence. Also, some women feel pain in the lower abdomen in the area of the ovaries, sometimes such pain in the lower abdomen appears to the right or left when the left or right ovary hurts.
Such pains in the ovaries before menstruation, menstruation, can alarm women for many reasons, sometimes indicating the occurrence of inflammatory processes or organ damage by infectious diseases. Therefore, if the left or right ovary is very sore before the menstrual period, if the stomach hurts below, which means that both ovaries hurt before the menstrual period, a visit to the gynecologist is the best solution. The article further discusses the main causes of pain in the ovaries, the reasons for why pain appeared in the ovary on the right, or why the ovary hurts on the left before menstruation. Also important is the answer to the question of what to do if both ovaries hurt before menstruation and when pain in the ovaries can be a sign of the development of pathology.
The effect of the menstrual cycle on pain in the ovaries
The ovary on the left or the ovary on the right often hurts during menstruation and before the onset of menstruation, before bloody vaginal discharge should go. The emergence of painful sensations in the appendages just before the menstruation or with their onset, the physicians named ovulatory syndrome. The majority of women are subject to it, often it is not dangerous, since it does not cause disturbances in the activity of the sexual system.
In order to make sure that it is ovulatory syndrome, rather than the onset of inflammation or disease, and to prevent a possible worsening of the situation in advance, it is advisable to undergo an unscheduled examination by a specialist. This is the only way to find out the real reason why both ovaries hurt or why there was pain in the ovary on the right or on the left just before the beginning of menstruation. After diagnostic measures, the doctor will tell you what action to take next.
Why does the stomach hurt before menstruation, why did the pain in the lower abdomen before menstruation
Soon the approach of menstruation, many girls anticipate it for pain in the ovaries. This problem, when before the menstrual pain in the lower abdomen on the right or the pain in the abdomen on the left before the onset of menstruation does not give rest, is known to about half of the female population of our planet. And these painful symptoms are directly related to one of the symptoms of PMS, signs of premenstrual syndrome. The mature egg leaves the ovary and moves to the fallopian tube, awaiting fertilization, and the rest of the follicle in which it has developed is converted into a new form, the corpus luteum, on which progesterone production depends. If this process is not completed due to the action of any stimuli, hormone production at the beginning of the cycle will be insufficient. Then the endometrium dies off, the woman has a lower abdomen ache. It is these causes of pain in the ovaries before the onset of menstruation, before the onset of menstruation, appear in many women.
It is possible to determine ovulatory syndrome by the following signs: during menstruation, one or both ovaries hurt, during the period of ovulation there is a discharge, scarce and bloating. No harm to the body, except for pain, does not bring. At the same time, these symptoms have severe diseases, to exclude or confirm which you need to contact qualified specialists.
Fertile window and abdominal pain in the ovaries
The situation described above can occur not only before critical days. Pain in the ovary appears in the middle of the cycle (at 14-15 days). It is at this time of the cycle that the egg leaves the follicle and begins to move towards the uterus. During this natural process, slight damage to the inner tissue of the ovarian painful lining is possible. The brain perceives the presence of blood as a signal of a malfunction in the body, since it, getting on the nerve endings, acts as their stimulus. During the "fertile window" pain is characterized by a pulling character, lasts up to two to three hours. The pain can appear in different cycles, then to the left, then to the right, which is explained by the alternate activity of the ovaries. Insignificant bleeding from the vagina appears along with discomfort.
Duration of indisposition more than a day, and especially if it causes a rise in temperature - a sign of the development of pathologies. In this situation, you need to call an ambulance to the house. For example, internal bleeding, with peritonitis as a consequence, also begins with intermenstrual pain. However, they may indicate a rupture of the tissues of the ovary or fallopian tube. Injuries to internal organs of any severity require immediate surgical treatment to restore the integrity of the damaged tissue and stop bleeding.
Pain during menstruation
Healthy women do not receive painful signals from the reproductive mechanism during menstruation. So, in fact, menstruation is the detachment of the endometrium of the uterus, designed to secure the zygotes. Its removal from the body complements a small amount of blood. The endometrium exfoliates when the egg has not been fertilized to make room for the endometrial layer that is ready to receive another egg.
The withdrawal of the epithelium of the uterus produces shrinking. The higher its activity, the more likely the occurrence of pain. Some women suffer from pain attacks from the usual rhythm of life and do not disappear before exposure to painkillers. Painful manifestations in the ovary during this period signal the pathologies of the reproductive process (tumors and cysts), and also serve as a response of the central nervous system to stress.
Pain in the ovaries in the lower abdomen on the right or left after menstruation, causes
When menstruation ends, the body re-starts the process of creating a new egg, preparing for its fertilization and fixation in the uterus. This stage of the cycle should not be painful. The appearance of discomfort or constant pain in the appendages indicates gynecological disorders and requires an immediate visit to a specialist. After receiving the necessary tests, the doctor prescribes therapy.
Pain in the ovaries, starting during sexual intercourse
Pain syndrome can overtake a woman during sex and immediately after them. Among the factors causing pain during sex are the presence of infections and the appearance of inflammation in the reproductive organs affecting the ovaries, the formation and growth of cysts, tumor growths, inflammation in the cervical canal, insufficient secretion of the perineal muscles, adhesions in the tissues of the small organs pelvis, mechanical damage to the vaginal walls of the penis.
Pain in the ovaries in pregnant women, causes
Especially painful manifestations in the area of the ovaries bother women during pregnancy. Painful sensations in the places of the appearance of the eggs do not serve as an indicator of conception and should not annoy the expectant mother in any of the trimesters of pregnancy. The activity of the ovaries with fertilization of the egg, on the contrary, subsides before the birth of the child. In view of the cessation of the activity of the ovaries at this time, the pain associated with their work should not arise. Discomfort in pregnant women eventually comes to all organs in the abdomen. The development of the fetus and the growth of the uterus lead to a temporary displacement, repression of the other organs. Due to the displacement of the ligament, the retaining organs are subjected to increased loads, which causes pain to the woman.
To improve your well-being pregnant, you should follow the diet and diet, enough to relax and move. It is recommended to do breathing exercises and yoga. In girls with pathology in the ovaries, known or occurring before pregnancy is hidden, the same discomfort may continue and increase. He points to inflammation, tumors, cysts and ovarian disease. In order to avoid the discovery of such "surprises", women suffering from menstrual pain, it is desirable to undergo an examination of the reproductive system to determine the nature of the pain before attempting to have a baby. This will provide an opportunity to identify the disease and take timely measures for its treatment. Left without proper attention, pain in pregnant women can cause irreparable harm to the baby, even interrupting his carrying.
Ovarian apoplexy - the cause of pain in the ovaries
Pathogen processes in the reproductive system can not only bring temporary discomfort, but also lead to bleeding, often mistaken for menstruation. A vivid example of the pathological process is apoplexy, which is hemorrhage into the cavity of the ovary, due to which the shell of the latter is broken. Apoplexy, as a rule, occurs in women who have stepped over a forty-year milestone. It is very easy to determine by the appearance of sharp and severe pain and by a drop in blood pressure.
In the case of painful apoplexy, the woman also significantly turns pale, feels weak and even loses consciousness. Possible pain shock. Such situations require mandatory urgent medical care. Hemorrhagic apoplexy is not characterized by severe pain, but has its own minus - abundant blood loss. The patient's skin turns pale, the pressure drops in systolic and diastolic parameters. Blood loss causes loss of consciousness. In conclusion, we note that the pain in the ovaries should not be left to chance for women at any age. In order to make sure that the systems of your body are functioning harmoniously or to detect the disease in a timely manner, having felt pain, it is imperative that you see your doctor.
Dangerous causes of pain in the ovaries before menstruation
If a woman has pain in the ovaries besides having lower abdomen on the right or lower abdomen, there is also such a problem as fever, nausea, possibly vomiting, and other painful symptoms, then such signs may indicate a serious problem. with health. With the appearance of chills and pain in the ovaries, severe weakness, even a slight increase in temperature before menstruation and lower abdominal pain, doctors recommend to seek help from a doctor, go to the gynecologist for a checkup. If there is severe pain in the ovaries, when the ovary is very painful in the right abdomen or in the left lower abdomen, there is a high body temperature, nausea or vomiting, other painful symptoms, the woman has severe weakness and dehydration, it is necessary to call emergency medical assistance.
The most common dangerous causes of pain in the ovaries when abdominal pain, in the lower part of it is caused by serious diseases, are: adnexitis (inflammatory process in the uterine appendages), PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome, when many small cyst lesions appear on the surface of the damaged organ), Oophoritis (an inflammatory process that is formed due to the development of a bacterial infection), a tumor.
In medicine, there are certain statistics on the frequency of pain in the ovary on the right abdomen and pain in the ovary on the left lower abdomen. Doctors note the fact that pain in the ovary on the right before menstruation appears much more often than pain in the ovary on the right abdomen. Патологические причины боли в яичнике слева живота перед месячными, это чаще всего такие заболевания, как киста, оофорит, аднексит и апоплексия.
Может ли болеть яичник
Ovaries before menstruation may be ill for various reasons, both physiological, non-hazardous and pathological, which cannot be ignored. If right or left hurts a week before menstruation, and the discomfort gradually goes away, then, most likely, this is a manifestation of the physiological processes occurring after ovulation.
If the ovaries hurt so much that you have to resort to using analgesic and antispasmodic drugs, it happens at different times of the cycle, there is a risk that this is a manifestation of pathology. Only a specialist can understand the reasons.
What really hurts and why
Discomfort in the ovaries is not a disease in itself, it is only a symptom. Often, when the ovaries hurt during menstruation, this is an echo of uterine contractions, and the aching feeling only gives into the appendages or lower back.
If the right ovary hurts before menstruation, this can be one of the signs of hemorrhage. It most often occurs on the right side, also accompanied by vomiting, tachycardia.
The presence of aching pains in the middle of the cycle, in the right or left appendage, is a symptom of a follicle rupture and the release of a ripe egg cell.
That is, there are many causes of discomfort on the part of the appendages, and they often manifest themselves at different times of the menstrual cycle.
What are the pains
Pain in the ovaries is often cyclical, that is, every menstrual period occurs at the same time. It is worth paying attention to the moment when discomfort appears in the lower abdomen. This will make it easier to find the cause of the pain. You can even make notes on the calendar, with a description of the nature of the pain, intensity and duration. This will help the gynecologist diagnose.
Pain in the middle of the cycle
In the middle of the menstrual period, approximately on the 14–15th day, ovulation occurs. A ripe follicle bursts, releasing an egg cell that moves further into the fallopian tube. This process is accompanied by damage to the blood vessels in its walls, and the release of a few drops of blood into the abdominal cavity, after which the brain receives a signal that is recognized as pain, and the woman experiences discomfort.
This period is called the fertile window. During ovulation, the right or left ovary hurts, depending on which of them is the maturation of the follicle and the exit of the female cell. That is, every month unpleasant sensations will arise from different sides, sometimes they may not exist at all, which most likely means an anovulatory cycle.
Inflammation of the appendages may be responsible for the appearance of discomfort. Even if ovulation occurs, it will most likely be accompanied by strong unpleasant sensations. In the case of unilateral inflammation, the intensity of the ailment alternates with each cycle (for example, in one month - mild pain on the right, in the next - severe on the left, which indicates inflammation of the left appendage).
If, after ovulation, the ovary hurts, then it is worth exploring the information on this topic in more detail and contact a specialist if necessary.
Pain before menstruation
Before menstruation of pain in the ovaries, gynecologists often refer to the manifestation of ovulatory syndrome. After the ripe egg cell leaves on about the 14–15th day of the cycle, a yellow body forms at the site of the ruptured follicle. As a result of hormonal disruption or inflammation of the reproductive organs, it can function poorly and not release progesterone in the right amount.
The endometrium lining the uterus grows during the cycle, and also changes structure, to then become a favorable place for the attachment of a fertilized egg.
If progesterone is not excreted by the corpus luteum, rejection of the upper layer of the endometrium is possible, which will be accompanied by unpleasant sensations that can be given to the ovary. This discomfort usually occurs a few days before the onset of menstruation.
If the appendages hurt during menstruation, this is normal, most often due to the physiological process occurring in the uterus. That is, the source of discomfort is not deployed in the ovaries, but only felt in them.
If a pregnancy does not occur in the current cycle, the overgrown endometrium begins to flake off, resulting in menstrual bleeding. To speed up this process, the uterus is reduced, which provokes the manifestation of pain. This can be called "microns", sometimes the pain is very strong.
Sensations of pain in the ovary after menstruation can no longer be associated with physiological processes, since the follicular phase is the most relaxed, and there are no processes that can cause pain. Therefore, if discomfort occurs after menstruation, you should not postpone the visit to the gynecologist. This may be a manifestation of pathology.
What pains speak about ailment
The strong, unmitigated nature of the pain, the bloody discharge from the vagina after the end of the menstrual period indicates the pathological processes occurring in the uterus and ovaries. It is necessary to focus on what else causes pain in the appendages:
- Infectious processes of the reproductive system. They cause unpleasant sensations that accompany a woman, regardless of the day of the cycle, but intensify before menstruation and during discharge.
- Andexitis is an inflammation of the appendages. With this disease, the ovary stabs, shoots, the pain also manifests itself in the lower abdomen and in the lower back. Accompanied by general weakness, inexplicable aggression and insomnia.
- Ovarian cyst. It arises as a result of the fact that the ripe follicle did not burst and did not release an egg cell, but was reborn as a cyst. The length of this neoplasm reaches 40 mm, and the width - up to 30 mm. The most dangerous is a cyst on the leg, because it can occur torsion, leading to severe pain in the lower abdomen, vomiting, dizziness. Requires immediate surgery.
- Malignant neoplasms.
- Torsion of the ovaries, occurring most often in adolescence.
- Ectopic pregnancy.
Independently determine the cause of the pain is almost impossible. It is better to entrust it to a specialist. The gynecologist will prescribe the necessary tests, conduct an ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs and be able to recognize the pathology in time, if there is one. Or make sure that the discomfort of a physiological nature - and there is nothing to worry about.