Vaginal candidiasis, or as they say in the common people "thrush", is a fairly common disease that almost every woman faces. The diagnosis is often chronic, with the result that women wonder:
After listening to the doctors, we concluded that if future moms adhere to certain recommendations, the reproductive functions will not lose their ability to conceive. A girl can give birth to a healthy, strong baby.
Vaginal candidiasis - the result of active reproduction of Candida yeast. Vaginal mucosa becomes covered with curd coating, after which there is a heavy discharge, there is an unpleasant odor, pain, burning or even itching. The cause of the violation of the vaginal environment may be a viral infection, refusal to treat a sexual partner, urinary system disease, venereal diagnoses, a change in the pH of the secret, antibacterial therapy, a decrease in mucosal protection. Violation of the natural microflora leads to a deterioration of local immunity.
Causes of the onset and development of the disease:
- failure to follow basic hygiene rules, especially during hormonal disruption,
- climate change,
- unbalanced diet, abuse of fatty, salty, specific foods,
- infections and other gynecological diseases,
- sexual intercourse without condoms, if the partner is a Candida fungus carrier,
- weakened immunity
- contact with infected medical instruments in the gynecologist's office,
- when taking antibiotics without proper control.
Does thrush affect conception
Getting pregnant during this disease is quite realistic. But, as practice shows, the chronic course of the disease significantly reduces the chances of becoming a mother. And the blame can serve as excessive excitement of the girl, since the reproductive functions with such a diagnosis do not suffer. The tubes continue to maintain good permeability, the eggs mature as before, the menstrual cycle is not affected, and the uterus does not intend to reject the future fetus.
Other factors can prevent you from getting pregnant:
- Painful feelings during intercourse are often forced to abandon sexual intercourse. The mucous membrane of the genital organs becomes more sensitive, which leads to severe discomfort and causes the girl to restrict intimate life.
- Broken environment in the vagina, can have a negative impact on sperm, which often leads to their death. In conditions of high acidity, they just do not have time to get to the egg and die.
Pregnancy planning: thrush and conception
If a woman who wants to get pregnant has chronic vaginal candidiasis, she needs to follow certain recommendations:
- Consult your gynecologist. He should appoint a survey that will help identify the presence of other diseases, establish the stage of the disease.
- Refuse to take alcoholic beverages, smoking, etc.
- Before pregnancy, it is necessary to cure all those who have the disease. Medication can also disrupt the vaginal microflora, and during the child's pregnancy, many of them are simply forbidden. If a woman has thrush from a contraceptive, you should consult with the gynecologist and use other contraceptives.
- During treatment, as well as in the first days after completion of the course, it is recommended to use contraceptives. This is necessary to create a healthy environment where the birth and formation of a new life will take place.
- Having become pregnant, continue the treatment of thrush. In conditions of weakened immunity, the disease can progress.
The onset of pregnancy with candidiasis
Most women do not protect themselves during thrush. They mistakenly think that fertilization in their case is simply not possible. It also happens that the disease proceeds in a light, inconspicuous form and is established after conception. In this or that case, it is necessary to urgently turn to your doctor and draw a picture of what is happening.
If thrush was diagnosed before pregnancy, the woman will be informed about possible complications. In addition to the body of the future mother, the fetus is also at risk. If fungal growths have entered the uterus, the baby may become infected through the amniotic fluid, the placenta, or during labor. Unfortunately, the consequences can be the most deplorable, ranging from the defeat of the internal organs, and ending with the death of the fetus.
Consequences of infection of the fetus with thrush
In the first trimester of pregnancy, infection of the embryo is considered the most dangerous. Infection can lead to miscarriage, impaired respiratory system, congenital abnormalities or weakened immunity of the child. In a baby, the disease manifests itself in the form of candidal stomatitis with a lesion of the oral mucosa, which leads to a chronic course of the diagnosis and causes frequent viral diseases.
Before you get pregnant, you need to undergo a full examination, cure all gynecological diseases and endure a certain period during which the remnants of drugs are removed from the female body, and its own immunity is strengthened.
Now that you know whether thrush prevents pregnant, you need to understand that it only reduces the chances of it. It is not dangerous for an adult organism, but in the body of a baby it can cause serious consequences.
Is it possible to conceive with thrush?
Many women are lazy to visit medical institutions, ask for advice from girlfriends and independently prescribe a treatment by studying reviews on the Internet. Most likely, you will only get rid of the symptoms, but not the disease itself. After some time, candidiasis will return and, with new forces, deliver an even more severe blow to the fragile body of the fetus.
Unfortunately, today few people understand that each organism has its own strengths and weaknesses, each girl has its own genofon and a package of sores. Treatment must be individual. Only in this way can a woman become pregnant, bear and give birth to a healthy baby.
In conclusion, we can say that we gave an exhaustive answer to the question “can I get pregnant with thrush”. In modern medicine, almost everything is possible. The main thing is not to self-medicate, consult a doctor in time and follow all his recommendations.
Candida as a cause of infertility
When the form of thrush is running, the following problems may occur which may prevent conception:
- cervical erosion,
- chronic cystitis
- premature termination of pregnancy.
Infertility in women suffering from candidiasis develops due to the accumulation of colonies of pathogenic fungus in the body. They can penetrate the ovaries and fallopian tubes, thereby slowing down the process of ovulation. As a result, due to chronic candidiasis, implantation of the ovum in the uterus may become impossible.
With a severe form of the disease and the reproduction of the fungus in the female body accumulate and the products of his life. This leads to a weakening of immunity, as a result, a woman can not become pregnant with thrush.
The disease is dangerous for men. Prostatitis, which often causes thrush, can cause infertility in the stronger sex.
The effect of the disease on the future baby
Candidiasis, not cured before fertilization, can be dangerous for the baby. Candida fungus penetrates the uterine cervix into the genital organ. It may cause infection of the amniotic fluid.
With this pathology, conception in most cases occurs quickly. But a pregnant woman needs to be extremely careful! In severe form of candidiasis, the patient develops placentitis. It is an inflammation of the placenta during pregnancy.
Placentitis is characterized by the following features:
- the appearance of purulent discharge from the genital tract,
- high body temperature,
- deterioration of health,
- increase in the content of leukocytes in the body.
Placentitis that occurs during pregnancy is a considerable danger to the unborn child. It can provoke oxygen deprivation, which often leads to a delay in fetal development. Pathology causes premature termination of pregnancy or fetal death. Therefore, it is not necessary to bring the situation to the occurrence of placentitis. With candidiasis should be fought before the period of conception.
Statistics show that fetal fading in the first trimester of pregnancy is not only due to the impact of pathogenic microflora in thrush or bacterial vaginosis. In addition to candidiasis and bacterial vaginosis, there are other causes of fetal death:
- the impact of adverse environmental factors (poor environmental conditions),
- hard physical work
- rhesus incompatibility of the fetus and mother
- pathology of the immune system.
If the fungal infection is manifested in the last trimester of pregnancy, in 80% of cases the infection passes to the baby during labor. The disease can negatively affect the newborn: the likelihood of stomatitis increases, the skin, eyes and other organs are affected, and immunity is often weakened, which is a defense against infectious diseases.
If a woman has been found to have thrush, after conception you should regularly take a smear. This will prevent the likely recurrence of the disease during pregnancy.
Treatment of illness in pregnancy
With vaginal candidiasis, you need to follow a strict diet. Women should abandon products containing large amounts of carbohydrates.
When candidiasis is prescribed antifungal drugs, for example, Clotrimazole, Nystatin. They are recommended to be used under the supervision of the attending physician. When using the drug "Nystatin" can occur such undesirable side effects such as diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, pain in the abdomen.
Along with antifungal drugs, medicines are prescribed, such as Acipol and Bifidumbacterin.
Candidiasis in some cases causes infection of the membranes, which often leads to miscarriage. Therefore, it is necessary to take drugs that can deal with thrush when planning pregnancy.
Candidiasis: causes and symptoms
Pregnancy planning is a responsible occupation that requires a woman to pay attention to her health, because many diseases, especially sexually transmitted infections, can create problems on the way to happy motherhood.
The balanced microflora of the woman’s vagina constitutes a peculiar ecosystem with its unique protective properties that prevent the development of pathogenic microorganisms. One of these antimicrobial factors is the vaginal secretion, which provides an acidic environment - pH 4.0–4.5; therefore, the main mass of this biocenosis is made up of bifidumbacteria and lactobacilli. In addition to them, in the symbiosis with the macro-organism some absolutely safe, as well as opportunistic bacteria and fungal microflora coexist peacefully.
Under the influence of some factors, the balance of the system is disturbed, and the population of opportunistic microorganisms or fungi begins to actively grow and multiply, causing certain diseases. According to the same principle, vaginal candidiasis develops, the more familiar name of which is “thrush” familiar to almost every woman.
The main cause of thrush is microbial imbalance, and the causes of its occurrence are:
- sexual contact with a partner with candidosis,
- other genital infections
- immunity disorders
- hormonal disruptions in the female body,
- ignoring the rules of intimate hygiene,
- chronic diseases
- uncontrolled or inappropriate use of antibacterial drugs
- malnutrition and unbalanced diet
- work in hazardous conditions
- climatic features of the region of residence,
- unprotected sex, especially anal,
- synthetic tight underwear.
An individual reaction to intimate hygiene can also upset the balance.
The main clinical manifestations - symptoms of candidiasis are:
- redness and swelling of the mucous membranes of the vulva and vagina,
- discomfort and severe itching
- the appearance of abundant white discharge, the consistency of cottage cheese, with a characteristic "kefirny" smell.
In any case, thrush, even the most insignificant, requires treatment, especially if you are thinking about a successful continuation of the race.
Is it possible to get pregnant during thrush
The fungus Candida actively multiplies and is easily transmitted to each other by sexual partners. Often, men do not suspect that they are sick and are carriers. In women, the disease proceeds differently. But does thrush prevent getting pregnant?
Since the normal composition of the vaginal flora is impaired in vaginal candidiasis, the pH of the environment changes, and the physiological functions of the organ also suffer to some extent. Therefore, it is rather difficult to get pregnant during the acute course of thrush, because the conditions that can maintain the viability of sperm are violated. In addition, discomfort, pain and discomfort with coitus reduce the sexual activity of the couple, which by itself, interferes with conception.
However, in the chronic form of the disease, the changes are less pronounced, the partners are sexually active, unaware of the infection. In this case, you can get pregnant with thrush. Numerous reviews on the Internet about fungal infection and pregnancy once again confirm this.
If the disease is diagnosed in the process of reproductive planning, before conception, both spouses are advised to undergo treatment and re-diagnosis.
Fluconazole when planning
Treatment of vaginal candidiasis should be comprehensive. This means that treatment is reduced not only to taking anti-mycotic drugs, but also to taking vitamins, immunostimulants and nutritional supplements. Independently choose a treatment regimen can not - this should be done by a specialist. Depending on the age and severity of the disease, in each individual case, the doctor will prescribe the most effective drug.
In the treatment and prevention of thrush in couples planning pregnancy, Fluconazole, a specific drug that quickly and effectively inhibits the growth of fungal microflora, has proven itself well. Due to its high penetrating power, it should not be taken by pregnant women and nursing mothers. Taking into account the clinical features of the disease, the duration of the course of treatment varies from 7 to 30 days.
Many patients are interested in how quickly they can become pregnant after curing thrush. There is no specific answer to this question, but, as a rule, doctors recommend waiting at least 2 weeks after taking the last dose of Fluconazole.
Thrush during pregnancy
Pregnancy, although it is the brightest period in a woman's life, is still stress. In each system, certain changes occur, reorganizing to provide with all the necessary one more organism. For this reason, at any time the immune system may fail, manifesting itself with dysbiosis and, as a result, thrush during pregnancy is not uncommon.
Symptoms of a fungal infection can manifest as with the first signs of pregnancy, and in the later stages. Being conditionally pathogenic microorganisms, the fungus of the genus Candida is still able to penetrate the placental barrier.
It is important to start treatment in time and prevent generalization of the pathological process, otherwise in the first trimester this may cause miscarriage, and in later terms - to provoke premature birth and problems with the respiratory system of the fetus.
Nevertheless, the greatest probability of infection of the baby exists during childbirth, when passing through an infected birth canal.
Being pregnant, a woman should not try to cure the disease on her own, because at that moment she is responsible for two people at once. Do not be afraid to tell your gynecologist about the problem. The sooner you seek qualified medical assistance, the more effective the result will be.
A competent approach to the diagnosis and treatment of vaginal candidiasis will help to effectively cure the disease and concerns about whether you can become pregnant after thrush disappear. Plan the development of your family, responsibly regarding your health, as well as the health of the unborn child.
If you manage to get pregnant with thrush without knowing about it, do not hesitate - consult a doctor, fix the problem and enjoy the expectation of a miracle of birth.
What is thrush and why does it occur?
Thrush is called a fungal infection of the mucous membranes, skin and hairy parts of the body. Заболевание в большинстве случаев проявляет себя на половых органах, именуясь вагинальным кандидозом. Возбудителями болезни становятся условно-патогенные микроорганизмы – дрожжеподобные грибы Кандида. Они населяют организм каждого человека, но находятся в латентном состоянии.Reproduction of conditionally pathogenic microorganisms is prevented by persistent immunity.
The microflora of the vagina of a healthy woman consists of more than 90% of the beneficial bacteria - lactobacilli. They maintain an acidic environment and prevent the growth of "bad" flora. Under the influence of negative factors contributing to a decrease in immune defense, the number of lactobacilli decreases. Fungal microflora begins to grow unchecked, causing the symptoms of candidiasis:
- heavy discharge with a sour, unpleasant odor
- cheesy blotches in vaginal mucus,
- pain during urination and during intercourse,
- discomfort in the perineum,
- burning and itching of the mucous membranes of the external and internal genital organs.
Predisposing factors to reduce immunity and the formation of the acidic environment of the vagina are:
- neglect or intimate hygiene (for example, douching can lead to such a problem),
- stay in aggressive climatic conditions
- long course antibiotics, antimicrobial self-medication,
- wearing tight pants, synthetic underwear (especially thong panties),
- promiscuous unprotected sex,
- infectious and inflammatory diseases.
Thrush can manifest itself with a bright clinical picture or have no signs, being revealed only in the process of laboratory examination of the vaginal environment. Often this factor is decisive in the question of the likelihood of pregnancy with a pathology such as Candida breeding.
The risk group for the incidence of thrush includes girls until the natural hormonal levels are established, pregnant women, as well as women in menopausal age.
Can I plan a pregnancy with thrush?
Thrush and conception are not mutually exclusive. Pregnancy with candidiasis may occur. And in the same way, a fungal disease can occur after conception. Is it possible to plan a child with thrush, every woman decides because of her education and responsibility. Doctors recommend to pay special attention to this process, because the state of the baby directly depends on the health of the future mother.
You can become pregnant with thrush, as it is not forbidden to plan conception in advance, knowing about your disease. Perhaps the pathology does not affect the speed of the onset of the desired moment and the course of gestation. However, future parents should understand that the fungal disease tends to be complicated. Thus, thrush opens up unhindered access to secondary sexually transmitted infections and causes the growth of another conditionally pathogenic flora.
In this case, we will not be talking about candidiasis, but about vaginosis or even vaginitis. In addition, the infection can be transmitted to the child. If it does not harm the fetus during pregnancy, it may well go to the baby at the time of natural childbirth. It is even possible that a woman will be prescribed a caesarean section in order to protect the newborn from infection.
Planning a pregnancy with thrush or not - it is necessary to decide, sensibly assessing future prospects.
Does thrush hinder pregnancy?
If a woman has no associated health problems, then getting pregnant with thrush is quite realistic. Fungal damage, especially in the acute stage, does not affect the functioning of the reproductive organs. Candida affects only the vagina and external genital organs, which means that the process of the release of an egg from the ovary and the growth of the endometrium is not disturbed. You can get pregnant with acute and chronic form of thrush. However, the probability of a successful conception will be significantly lower than that of a healthy woman.
A thrush when conceiving a baby can interfere with fertilization. As you know, male spermatozoa for a successful process must penetrate the vagina into the cervix, and then meet with the female gamete. Safe transportation and preservation of genetic material provides a vaginal secretion. In the days coming to ovulation, it begins to liquefy, becoming a breeding ground. The alkaline microflora that prevails during vaginal candidiasis does not allow this process to take place as intended by nature. As a result, male sex cells are still dying in the vagina, and not reaching their goal.
Thrush affects conception - it is a fact. It is impossible to say for sure how serious this influence will be and whether it will prevent the onset of pregnancy. A woman may assume that getting pregnant with candidiasis will not work and will have unprotected sex life, and as a result will be in an interesting position.
The impact of thrush on the baby and fetus
Since it is possible to get pregnant during thrush, you need to know about the consequences of this condition. The first, than the thrush on early terms of pregnancy is dangerous - pre-natal infection. In the period after fertilization, candidiasis can trigger an abortion even before the menstruation is delayed.
Thrush can be considered one of the causes of biochemical pregnancy, which occurs in the life of almost every woman who lives sex without protection. If the infection of the embryo does not provoke its death, the formation of organs and systems, which is carried out up to the 14th week of pregnancy, may be disrupted.
A woman suffering from thrush may feel an increase in clinical signs at the beginning of gestation, which will prompt treatment. However, the use of medicines for candidiasis in the first trimester is prohibited, as they may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. The patient will have a choice: take the forbidden medicine or refuse treatment, experiencing the painful manifestations of the disease.
If complications in the gestation period have been prevented, infection can occur at the time of delivery. In vaginal candidiasis, the infection affects a healthy child, manifesting itself subsequently in the eye area, in the mouth, on the genitals and skin. Pathology helps to reduce the already weak immunity and harm the health of the baby.
Thrush as a cause of infertility
The direct impact of thrush on conception is minimal. Fungal flora can adversely affect the motility and viability of sperm, making it difficult to conceive. However, fertilization is still possible. Fully exclude the possibility of pregnancy with candidiasis for the following reasons:
- vaginal discharge with an unpleasant sour odor and itching make a woman give up regular sexual intercourse, which significantly reduces the possibility of natural fertilization,
- in the treatment of pathology used vaginal means, most of which call abstinence prerequisite,
- The acute form of the disease is accompanied by pronounced clinical manifestations, causing the absence of pregnancy.
Thrush prevents a woman from becoming pregnant due to the fact that it causes additional inflammation. By suppressing the body's resistance, yeast-like fungi provoke the growth of conditionally pathogenic flora. As a result, a woman develops gardnerellosis, mycoplasmosis, ureaplasmosis and other diseases that are invisible to the naked eye.
To identify the pathology, it takes time: the appearance of symptoms, access to a doctor, examination. During this time, the disease can spread to the uterus and fallopian tubes, which causes endometritis and the formation of adhesions. The culmination of this pathological process is female infertility, initially caused by vaginal candidiasis.
Thrush as a cause of infertility by doctors is usually not considered. However, with a long course of candidiasis affects the deep layers of epithelial tissue, causing serious changes in the vaginal mucosa.
Can thrush start immediately after conception?
Thrush in early pregnancy is not surprising. It happens that the disease develops immediately after conception. The factors that are associated with this are:
- hormonal changes, in particular, an increase in progesterone levels,
- reduced immune defenses for successful embryo attachment,
- change in vaginal microflora under the influence of the new position.
Statistics show that vaginal candidiasis is found in 30 out of 100 patients who applied to the gynecologist for registration for pregnancy. At the same time, a significant part of them has no clinical manifestations of the pathology. Reviews of women who have given birth repeatedly say that for them thrush is a sign of pregnancy. At first they developed symptoms of vaginal candidiasis in the form of a cheesy discharge, and then there was a delay, and conception was confirmed. It turns out that sometimes thrush is the first sign of pregnancy that occurs even before the expected day of the next menstrual cycle.
Doctors say that the occurrence of candidiasis in early pregnancy is usually an exacerbation of the chronic process. It is much safer for the fetus than the primary infection. So, most likely, no serious problems will arise. Especially if, starting from the second trimester, a woman will take medications that an obstetrician-gynecologist will prescribe, so that by the time of birth the vagina is “clean”.
However, the chronic course of the pathology does not justify the sick patients, but gives reason to think about the implementation of preventive measures. To perceive thrush as a sign of pregnancy is not normal. Doctors strongly recommend that when planning conception, to prevent the recurrence of candidiasis.
Candidiasis and IVF
In chronic form of candidiasis, relapse may occur during the IVF protocol. The main cause of exacerbation is hormone therapy. If the thrush has arisen before the embryo transfer, and the woman has time, it is necessary to immediately begin the therapy that the doctor will prescribe. Modern medicines for the treatment of vaginal candidiasis have a different period of use. A number of drugs enough to drink only once to say goodbye to unpleasant cheesy discharge.
When IVF has already been performed, and thrush has manifested itself against the use of progesterone, you should wait a while. After confirming the implantation of transferred cells, the decision to conduct antifungal therapy is made by a doctor. The doctor weighs all the pros and cons, selecting medications that are safe for the pregnant woman.
The fungus can recur in late pregnancy after IVF. It is necessary to carry out prophylaxis during the entire gestational period, and if symptoms of thrush appear, consult a gynecologist.
What every woman should remember
- If pregnancy is planned, you must first complete a full examination, especially for hidden infections.
- If there are unusual discharge or discomfort and discomfort in the perineum or genitals, do not postpone the visit to the doctor, most likely this is a manifestation of thrush.
- If you use contraceptives for quite a long time, do not forget that they can cause hormonal imbalances and, as a consequence, fungus growth and exacerbation of the disease.
It looks like thrush under the microscope
Candida loves a moist, warm environment, microclimate in which the activity of the fungus increases. This is facilitated by the wearing of synthetic clothing, the use of very concentrated shower gels, or products that change the acidity in the vagina. The cause of thrush can be sanitary pads and tampons.
Although doctors do not give a definite conclusion whether the presence of a fungal disease affects conception and pregnancy, one should not risk the health of both the expectant mother and the child. Thrush should be treated before the onset of pregnancy, in the future to carry out prevention of re-infection and follow basic rules of hygiene. Examination should pass not only the expectant mother, but also the father. If the disease is detected and treatment is required, then it must be taken together.
Briefly about thrush and its causes
Candida colpitis, and in the people - thrush, occurs in women of all ages, in young girls, young girls and adult women. Its occurrence is provoked by the yeast-like fungus Candida, it is present in the microflora of the large intestine in every organism. If the fungus enters the vaginal environment and reaches a concentration above the norm, the girl will observe the following symptoms:
- burning, itching of the genital organs, including urination, and intercourse,
- white bloom on the genitals, painful sensations when touched,
- curd-like discharge, white or light yellow, with an unpleasant smell of sour milk.
For an accurate diagnosis, a gynecological smear is taken or a test system is purchased for home diagnostics.
The causes of the disease are varied: stress, weak immunity, hypothermia, abrupt climate change, self-treatment with antibiotics, insufficient personal hygiene, increased hormone levels, the presence of sexually transmitted diseases, wearing tight underwear made of synthetic material, which prevents air circulation in the inguinal zone.
Signs of thrush are sometimes observed before the onset of menstruation, because an increase in the hormone progesterone during this period contributes to the development of Candida.
If you do not attach importance to this problem, without taking any action to treat it, the disease flows into a chronic form.
Conception of the child with thrush
An exciting question: is it possible to get pregnant with thrush? does not have a clear answer.
According to the doctors, it is quite possible to get pregnant with thrush, this process has practically no effect on the process of conception. Meanwhile, doctors note that candidiasis changes the acid-base environment of a woman, which in turn can adversely affect the duration of the viability and mobility of male semen.
Ideally, both partners should be completely healthy. But, if candidiasis is developed only in a woman, and she decided to have a child without undergoing treatment, then with an absolutely healthy man, whose sperm cells are extremely mobile, the probability of conception is great.
Candidiasis in women and men
Although less often, men with candidiasis colpitis may suffer, and they sometimes have no special signs. But the symptoms are the same as in women - itching and burning, it causes discomfort, pain during intercourse, and, as a result, their number decreases. It turns out to ask more correctly: does thrush hinder conception of a baby?
In addition to the fact that some people have decreased sexual desire for a partner, due to the painful associations caused by candidiasis, the diagnosis itself indicates malfunctions in the body. First of all, there are hormonal disruptions, which, in turn, affect the regularity of the menstrual cycle, which also reduces the likelihood of pregnancy.
For those who did not take their health seriously and started the disease, the question of whether chronic thrush prevents them from becoming pregnant is more acute. The fact is that a long course of candidiasis becomes the cause of other diseases, for example, of the kidneys or of the urogenital system, lack of immunity. All this can also prevent pregnancy.
What to do when thrush?
A woman who has already faced the difficulties of conception caused by candidiasis should be examined and treated with her husband, so it will avoid the risk of repeated infections. Knowing the reason for the development of candidiasis, the doctor will prescribe drugs that will destroy the fungus and strengthen the body's defenses, vitamins and may advise you to review the daily regimen, be less nervous and rest more.
It is not enough to cure candidiasis, it will be necessary to restore and maintain normal microflora, which will help avoid the recurrence of the problem in the future.
Having been treated, you need to make sure that you are really healthy and to delay the pregnancy for another month. Do not forget that this is an infection and it has no place in the body, like any other.
Consequences of thrush for the fetus
First of all, the development of Candida fungus in the body of a pregnant woman sometimes provokes a miscarriage and fetal intrauterine damage. Despite the fact that the fetus, while in the uterus, is protected by a mucus plug, it nevertheless dissolves before birth, there are cases when Candida penetrates inside and affects the respiratory organs, the baby’s brain.
Понятно, что только здоровые родители могут подарить жизнь здоровому малышу и женщина не может быть в этом уверенной, если решит забеременеть при молочнице. Ребеночку заболевание передается во время родового процесса, тогда он и получает свой первый набор плохих и хороших микроорганизмов. The fungus is manifested in the eyes, which is fraught with blindness, on the umbilical cord, oral cavity in the form of cheesy discharge, white spots and redness, weakens resistance to colds.
Of course, candidiasis is manifested during pregnancy in a previously healthy girl. The microflora during this period becomes more acidic, the immunity weakens - these are favorable conditions for the fungus, and the matter is complicated by the fact that not every medicine is suitable for patients in the situation. Antifungal agents are absorbed into the bloodstream, penetrate the placenta, it is better not to use them. Usually prescribed drugs of local action, because absolutely nothing can be done too.
How to prevent thrush?
Of course, there are a number of reasons why the development of candidiasis is not particularly dependent on the actions of girls. However, the question: what can I do to prevent the occurrence or recurrence of the disease, there is an answer in the form of a couple of tips. First, watch your consumption of sweets, Candida loves sugar very much. Eat natural yogurts, cereals, legumes, citrus fruits, lingonberries, vegetables (garlic and red pepper are especially useful), boiled poultry, fish, meat, put in spices (bay leaf, cinnamon, cloves). Drink at least 1.5 liters of pure water per day, chamomile tea, dogrose broth, carrot juice, take vitamin complexes a couple of times a year. These products are suitable both for prevention and for those who are treated. Try to avoid fast foods, mayonnaise, ketchup, alcohol in the diet.
During pregnancy, women suffering from candidal colpitis, must consult with a doctor about their diet menu.
Do not get carried away wearing tight pants, strings and other underwear made from non-natural materials. Cotton pants seem less beautiful, but when it comes to women's health, external attractiveness is relegated to the background.
So, during thrush, it is better to postpone the process of conceiving children - although there are chances for successful fertilization, the disease seriously damages a small organism. In addition, getting rid of all infections will be more correct before the desired pregnancy.
Thrush and conception
However, certain conditions are created that can prevent pregnancy in thrush.
So, for example, with thrush, ph is significantly shifted to the acidic side, and for sperm it is destructive, i.e. they are immobilized and destroyed before penetration into the uterine cavity.
It becomes clear that thrush prevents getting pregnant in the presence of vivid manifestations and lack of treatment.
And of course, not in last place is the restriction in sexual life, which occurs due to itching, burning, pain during intercourse - a woman simply avoids sexual relations.
And even if the sperm breaks into the uterus and tubes, reaches the egg, there is a risk that he will bring a pathogen and a large number of white blood cells - and this is fraught with damage to the genetic material of germ cells, the inferiority of the cells and termination of pregnancy in the early stages - in fact even before a woman suspects her presence.
When thrush can I get pregnant?
You can get pregnant with thrush, but the question arises - is it necessary? Any infection, incl. and thrush can be bad for pregnancy.
Of course, if the pregnancy is spontaneous, and it is desired, you should not interrupt it because of the thrush, but it is necessary to undergo treatment. Well, if a woman is planning a pregnancy and suddenly a thrush has arisen, it is necessary to undergo treatment and plan the pregnancy in the next cycle.
After all, it is impossible to be sure that the treated process in this cycle will not return in the next, therefore, in this case, the treatment should be approached more carefully, using not only drugs, but also paying attention to stabilizing the immune system, restoring microflora, and proper nutrition.
How to plan conception when thrush?
If a woman who is planning a pregnancy, against the background of complete well-being, suddenly got thrush, conception should be postponed until the next cycle. Be sure to visit the gynecologist and pass the tests.
This will determine if it is actually a thrush or if a more serious infection is hiding under its mask. After tests, if the diagnosis is confirmed, the specialist prescribes treatment. In this particular case, the sexual partner can also be treated so that reinfection does not occur during the treatment process. If the episode is primary, preference should be given to local forms - suppositories, vaginal tablets, vaginal creams.
Preparations for oral administration, of course, are effective, but given their effects on the liver and, in principle, on the body, it is better to discard them when planning pregnancy.
The course of treatment with local remedies is carried out strictly according to the instructions in order to avoid recurrence of thrush. A week after the last candle, it is necessary to pass an analysis to verify the cure. With good analyzes, you can work on conceiving already during the next ovulation.
Does a thrush affect conception in the most direct understanding of the question? Rather no than yes, which confirms years of experience. Even if there is a thrush, a woman can easily get pregnant.
Another thing is that during thrush in the body certain changes occur that can affect the development of pregnancy.
Thrush during pregnancy
So, the candida could not prevent the onset of pregnancy and instead of asking whether you can become pregnant with thrush, another one appeared - how to behave a pregnant woman with thrush? Manifestations of thrush during pregnancy are similar to candidiasis in non-pregnant women.
Sometimes, given the decrease in immunity, the severity of the local inflammatory reaction is less pronounced - the woman has no complaints. A thrush is found when viewed in the mirrors - on the walls of the vagina, the doctor sees abundant cheesy patches of various colors - from pale yellow to green. The diagnosis is confirmed after receiving the response of a conventional smear.
If the body of a woman fights with the pathogen, local reactions - swelling, itching, burning are quite pronounced and cause the woman some inconvenience. When urinating pain increases. Discharge abundant, cheesy.
The peculiarities of the course of thrush during pregnancy include its frequent relapses. Since one of the links in the fight against thrush suffers greatly (immunity), fighting it during pregnancy is difficult.
If we add to this the limitations in the choice of antifungal drugs (most drugs are contraindicated in pregnant women), treatment of thrush in expectant mothers becomes a very difficult task.
How does thrush affect the fetus?
The effect of thrush on the fetus depends largely on the duration of pregnancy, on the timeliness of the treatment started, and on the mother's body resistance.
In the earliest terms, candidiasis can lead to an interruption to infection of the embryo, a disturbance of the laying of organs and an interruption of pregnancy (it happens rarely, with a very strong weakening of the immune system and an aggressive pathogen).
However, as with any other infection, with candidiasis it is possible for the pathogen to spread from the vagina above and infection of the fetal membranes, the fetus, which contributes to the development of various complications.
This does not happen often, but this should be known and remembered when there is a desire to undergo treatment on its own. Treatment of folk remedies for pregnant women is not recommended.
I can't help noting that the beloved soda and herbal infusion is also banned by everyone. Under the pressure of the liquid, the risk of penetration of the infection into the uterine cavity increases significantly.
She graduated from the Belarusian State Medical University. She works as an obstetrician-gynecologist at the 4th female consultation center of the “1st GKB” of Minsk. Specializes in reproductive health, pediatric and adolescent gynecology.
Thrush when planning pregnancy: the norm or deviation
With thrush probably every second woman met at least once in her life.
Moreover, it is not a serious disease, because not every woman immediately turns to a gynecologist.
However, when planning a pregnancy for thrush look differently, because it can affect the conception and carrying a child.
Thrush (or candidiasis) is an imbalance of microflora in the vagina. This is quite a serious disease caused by the reproduction of the fungus Candida. It reduces lactic acid bacteria, causing dryness in the vagina and an inflammatory process. When candidiasis occurs cheesy discharge, burning and an unpleasant sourish smell.
When thrush occurs during sexual intercourse, which is one of the causes of problems with conception. With discomfort in the vagina a woman can completely abandon sex.
Thrush in pregnancy planning: probable risks
Candidiasis in itself does not cause disturbances in the reproductive system of a woman. If the woman does not have other chronic diseases, then the pregnancy can come.
An obstacle to sperm can be an acidic environment, which is detrimental to them. Spermatozoa dehydrate and collapse before reaching the uterus.
There is a theory that a spermatozoon can bring the candidiasis and leukocytes into the uterine cavity, which is fraught with termination of pregnancy in the early stages.
Does the conception of a child?
More dangerous for the possibility of conceiving a child is the disease that caused candidiasis.
When thrush disturbed hormones and the menstrual cycle fails.
Therefore, to restore the vaginal microflora will have to identify a disease that provokes thrush.
Effect on semen
Violation of the vaginal microflora has a negative effect on the male sperm. When the vagina is dry, the sperm is harder to penetrate to the egg, they become dehydrated and destroyed.
When does conception hinder?
Violation of the microflora of the mucous can interfere with conception in chronic course, so it is important to achieve remission of the disease. To do this, the doctor prescribes the necessary treatment so that when planning a pregnancy and carrying a child there are no candidiasis foci.
Can I get pregnant with chronic form?
Most fears of pregnancy occur in women with chronic thrush. For the onset of pregnancy, the disease should be transferred to the remission stage. This is necessary so that the fungus does not affect the sensitivity of the vagina during intercourse. And also later on carrying the child, especially in the first trimester. During pregnancy, the woman will take smears on the fungus so that the child does not become infected during childbirth when she passes through the birth canal.
Chronic candidiasis also affects pregnant women. This problem can haunt them throughout the entire period of gestation, since immunity is lowered and a certain imbalance of microflora occurs in the vaginal mucosa.
Consequences for carrying
Thrush is dangerous for gestation in early pregnancy. Since bacteria and elevated leukocytes can penetrate into the uterine cavity along with the sperm cell.
Because of what inflammation can begin in the uterus, which would entail the rejection of the ovum in the early period. In the second and third trimesters, the fetus is protected by the placenta, because the penetration of the fungus there is unlikely. Moreover, most women suffer from an imbalance of microflora at a very late period. Gynecologists prescribe candles for the treatment of candidiasis based on the duration of pregnancy:
Some suppositories need to be used only once, others - systematically. The price of all drugs is different, you also need to remember that the fungus may be a partner. Because for a man you need to buy Candide ointment.
When planning a pregnancy, each woman undergoes an examination, the test list includes a smear on the Candida fungus.
When violations of the microflora of the vaginal mucosa are found, special preparations are prescribed to the woman and her partner, and the disease resolves rather quickly and without consequences for conception.
The main thing is to quickly identify the pathology and begin treatment. Many medicines are used in medicine that are safe even for a pregnant woman. Therefore, if in the early stages of the patient candidiasis is found, do not despair, you can get rid of the disease in a week.
More about the disease
The main source of development of thrush is the reproduction of the fungus Candida. In healthy people, this fungus is also available, only in small quantities. However, under certain conditions, its reproduction begins to become impetuous. According to statistics, the vast majority of the fair sex by the middle age have already experienced the troubles of this disease. To get rid of this, women can try various methods of treatment, among which you can find medicines and folk remedies. But many of them did not complete the treatment, which could have provoked a fungus mutation. The latter at times complicates the struggle of the body's immune system with candidiasis.
Thrush, contrary to popular belief, can occur not only in women but also in men. Moreover, there is a decrease in the "age" of the disease. Increasingly, candidiasis can be found in very young girls and boys. What causes the development of the disease, and is it possible to get pregnant during thrush?
Causes of thrush
The opinion of women themselves is often strikingly different from the opinions of gynecologists. The key difference is that doctors are aware of the non-infectious nature of the disease. And, as a result, that candidiasis cannot be infected. In this case, it is worth talking about a general decrease in immunity, enabling the fungus to multiply faster.
The reasons for the development of the disease are often:
- Neglect of standard hygiene rules. Moreover, the most attention should be paid to this aspect during hormonal changes in the woman's body.
- The predominance of fried, fatty, spicy and salty foods in the diet. All this leads to a lack of a balanced diet.
- Climatic conditionsin which the body is difficult to cope with diseases.
- Weakened immune system.
- Wrong medication. In particular, antibiotics. Self-reliance of any drugs without the advice of a physician brings no less harm, which in many cases leads to incorrectly chosen dosages. Violation of the timing of medication is also included in this list.
- Working conditions, harmful to the body.
- Predominance in the wardrobe of synthetic underwear and abuse of strings.
- Diseases genitals.
- Unprotected sex, a large number of sexual partners. Especially if one of them is a carrier of the fungus "Candida".
- Frequent anal sex.
- Items infected Candida microorganisms.
How does candidiasis affect conception? Is there a chance of pregnancy?
According to experts, you can get pregnant with thrush of any nature, whether it is a chronic course or acute form. The fungus does not affect the functioning of the reproductive system and organs. With thrush, you can become pregnant mainly due to the lack of adhesions in the tubes of the uterus, which is often the main cause of infertility. Plus, there is no effect on the mucous membrane of the penis and the movement of the egg.
However, it is necessary to take into account the reasons for which the opposite situation is possible during thrush:
- The first thing that can prevent the conception of a child - unpleasant symptoms of candidiasis, interfering sex with partners. Often, during the illness, the woman feels burning and itching in the vaginal area. Abundant discharge is also possible. And then thrush and conception is not the best combination. It is better to make a visit to the doctor and use the full treatment.
- A thrush at conceiving a child can interfere with fertilization of the egg.. The reason for this becomes excessively acidic environment in the vagina. Such changes in the microflora of the genital organs are more pronounced in the acute form of thrush. In this case, a woman can become pregnant with chronic thrush is more likely due to less acute effects on the body.
Self-treatment during thrush is the most undesirable behavior for a woman. Even if among friends there were examples of successful treatment in one way, it does not mean that this method is suitable for everyone and will not bring harm. For a complete struggle with candidiasis, you will need to undergo a medical examination. According to its results, the doctor will select an individual treatment program. Do not confuse the cure of the symptoms of the disease with the care of the fungus itself.
What an exemplary plan for the fight against candidiasis can offer a doctor:
- Medication intake for the fight against fungal microorganisms in the form of capsules or tablets. Terms of admission may be different - from 5 days to 2 weeks - but must be strictly observed. The dosage is prescribed by the gynecologist. Before prescribing, the doctor takes into account the results of the examination and the personal characteristics of the body.
- Local control of the fungus may be required. drugs for the treatment of vagina. Сюда могут входить как таблетки, так и растворы или свечи.
- Если назначено спринцевание с помощью растворов, пациентка может как заниматься этим самостоятельно, так и провести определенное время в стационаре под наблюдением специалистов.
Не стоит забывать и про общее укрепление организма. Mainly pay attention to immunity. In order to obtain a guaranteed result, not only a woman, but also her sexual partner must be engaged in treatment. After treatment, thrush need to be tested for the presence of Candida fungus. According to the results, it is determined whether the woman can plan the pregnancy, and whether candidiasis will prevent it from conception.
Pregnancy planning for thrush
Regardless of whether the woman has any disease, it is desirable for her to plan the pregnancy in advance. To do this, you need to prepare the body for conception - to check your health, to take a healthy lifestyle:
- give up bad habits - smoking and drinking alcohol,
- stick to a balanced diet
- try to avoid stressful situations
- exercise regularly.
If candidiasis was detected during the examinations, it is necessary to realize soberly that the result of pregnancy during thrush can be both positive and negative. Therefore, you must first consult with the gynecologist. After all, it will be much more difficult to treat candidiasis during gestation, because it is important not to damage the fetus.
So is pregnancy possible with thrush, and will it not harm the unborn baby?
Does thrush affect the fetus
Candidiasis can cause great harm to the fetus. This is due to the fact that Candida fungal microorganisms are able to get into the internal cavity of the uterus through the cervix. This is followed by infection of the fetus itself, the amniotic fluid, and the placenta. All this threatens not only violations in the development of the child, but also his death.
According to statistics, in the third part of cases when the mother has a fading pregnancy in the early period, the cause is unhealthy uterine microflora. Often it is caused by thrush. Or bacterial vaginosis.
A woman should be careful and regularly visit the gynecologist to prevent the development of candidiasis in the last weeks of the third trimester of pregnancy. In this case, during the birth process, the risk of infecting the baby is at least 80%. It can be reflected in the child in the form of weak immunity, candidal stomatitis or skin lesions.
How to successfully conceive a child?
The answer to the question of whether you can become pregnant with chronic thrush, has a rather controversial answer. On the one hand, since the effect of the fungus on the body does not proceed in an acute form, the chances of successful conception are much greater. But is it worth it? Instead of trying to speculate whether you can become pregnant with candidiasis, the best alternative would be to completely eliminate the ailment with the help of a qualified professional. Otherwise, the expectant mother puts at risk not only her body, which will suffer immunity, but also risk health, and even the life of the child. Pregnancy after thrush is safer. Especially if you follow certain recommendations:
- During pregnancy planning, pay attention to the vaginal microflora. To do this, you need to make a diet in which there will be a smaller amount of products containing yeast, and more fermented milk products. It is recommended to drink more water.
- Exercisebut without fanaticism. Give up bad habits to strengthen the immune system and protect the body from harmful viruses and bacteria.
- During the planning period of pregnancy will require take a smear after undergoing treatment for candidiasis. This is necessary to prevent the recurrence of the disease.
Pregnancy during thrush
In some cases, the gynecologist allows a woman to have a baby even with thrush, but this will require following the prescribed treatment and preparing her own body to fight fungal microorganisms. What is important for this to do:
- Forget about bad habits.
- Drink water in accordance with a special regime.
- Take only those drugs that are prescribed by the doctor. Plus comply with the recommended dosage.
- Use underwear only from natural fabrics, do not wear thongs.
- Get tested regularly.
- To establish proper nutrition with plenty of vegetables and fruits.
- Spend more time walking.
Many women are interested in whether thrush affects not only conception, but also the course of pregnancy. This can be answered that the most attention will need to be paid to the course of pregnancy and the state of the body in the first trimester. The risk of miscarriage or premature birth increases in the 2nd and 3rd trimester. Either the child is born weak.
The best way to avoid a disease or its recurrence is to do the right prophylaxis. To avoid the development of fungal microorganisms, you can use several simple rules:
- You should not have sex with a partner whose health is not certain.
- Try to refrain from casual sexual intercourse with outside people.
- Use a condom for vaginal and anal sex.
- Before taking antibiotics, it is recommended to consult a doctor to prevent the appearance of candidiasis.
- Adhere to a healthy lifestyle, eliminate bad habits from life and adjust the diet.
- When the first symptoms of thrush appear, immediately consult a doctor to prevent the development of the disease.
- Pay attention to personal intimate hygiene. Use personal bathing accessories, towels, regularly change them.
These principles, together with moderate physical activity, help protect the body from the effects of microorganisms, infectious and other diseases.
The reproduction of fungi inside the female body often does not bring discomfort, which is usually observed with the main symptoms of the disease. For this reason, many future mothers can get thrush after conception. To ensure the health of the planned child, both parents should visit a doctor. And in case of detection of the fungus to undergo preliminary treatment.
Causes of thrush
The level of acid balance is an important indicator for the female body. In the usual normal state, lactic acid bacteria make up 90% of the vaginal environment. These important microorganisms are responsible for the release of lactic acid and hydrogen peroxide. Substances prevent the occurrence of many diseases.
In a weakened environment, microflora bacteria multiply at an amazing rate. Lack of lactic acid can cause thrush. The normal balance of these two substances contributes to reliable protection against infections. Sometimes the fungus passes without obvious symptoms, and the carrier does not even know about its existence. Regular examination by a gynecologist will help to identify the disease in a timely manner. Experts highlight a list of symptoms.
- The appearance of white discharge with a rather unpleasant smell. The consistency of the cream.
- Constant itching in the genital area, constant burning.
- Inflamed vaginal wall.
- The presence of irritation and swelling of the body.
The appearance of these symptoms indicates the need to consult a doctor. Girls are strictly prohibited to self-medicate. This is especially true for couples who want to have a child. Running thrush can damage a woman’s reproductive function. Causes of vaginal candidiasis:
- Unbalanced diet, too strict diets, terrible climatic conditions.
- Difficult and tedious work.
- The consequences of unreasonable use of antibiotics, infectious diseases that impair the immune system.
- Constant change of sexual partners, anal sex without protection.
- Hormonal disruptions and women's diseases.
- Stress, lack of sleep, insomnia.
- Poor quality synthetic underwear.
Infections and diseases that significantly reduce the protective functions of the body can provoke vaginal candidiasis.
Thrush and conception is a fairly common theme among women. An unpleasant process entails irritation, itching, burning sensation and curd discharge with an unpleasant odor.
Conception process during thrush
Statistics claim that 80% of all women have experienced vaginal candidiasis. Does thrush hinder pregnancy? You can get pregnant with the usual form of candidiasis. Many couples conceive children, even unaware of the existence of such a problem. However, in the chronic form, everything is much more complicated: the probability of conception is significantly reduced.
Many couples simply refuse to have sex. Ailment causes pain, irritation and burning during sex. Changing the acidity of the flora has a detrimental effect on sperm. As a result, it is unlikely to have a child.
If the couple still managed to conceive a baby, an urgent need to urgently contact a specialist. An experienced gynecologist will prompt a method of treatment so as not to harm the child. Chance to conceive the fruit is very small, but still exists.
- Go through extensive research and analysis. This will determine the course of proper treatment. Not all antifungal drugs work in the same way, as there are several types of fungus.
- Completely abandon bad habits: the use of alcohol and tobacco products.
- Follow the doctor's instructions. It is strictly forbidden to self-medicate.
The treatment process takes place before and during pregnancy. This is due to the change in microflora, which becomes the breeding ground for thrush. Not all drugs are suitable for women in the situation, therefore, only the doctor has the right to prescribe a drug course.
Prevention of thrush
Is it possible to conceive offspring during such a disease? The answer is simple: you can get pregnant, although it threatens with some complications for the unborn baby and mother. Experts recommend sticking to a list of certain rules that will help prevent the appearance of thrush.
- Unprotected sex with partners. Casual sex will not lead to good.
- It is necessary to use contraceptives. With anal sex is similar.
- Follow the rules of personal hygiene, regularly wash the genitals. Every family member in the house should have their own personal set of towels.
- Antibiotics should be taken only after consulting a doctor.
- At the first sign of thrush seek help: itching, burning or discomfort during sexual intercourse.
- It should increase the physical load on the body with beneficial exercises, give up bad habits, eat a balanced diet and not freeze on the street.
A pregnant parent must take the necessary measures in a timely manner. Do not run your health simple negligence. Early diagnosis will prevent many infections and ailments. Regular check-ups of the gynecologist will help identify any problems with women's health. Take care of your body and body, and then you will have healthy and strong offspring.