Pregnancy is a natural process that is important in the life of any girl. It is the menstruation delay that serves as the main symptom for pregnancy testing. Menstruation stops to go in time if the egg that came out of the follicle, merged with the sperm. But the actual question is whether monthly periods can stand out during the period of gestation. The answer to this question is yes, but is it natural?
Norm or pathology?
Pregnancy in the first month may be accompanied by scanty brown discharge. On such days, the pregnant woman feels well, and the discharge is painless.
If menstruation is abundant, and in the lumbar part and lower abdomen you feel spasmodic pain, then you can think about the pathology.
In this case, it is not advisable to delay the appeal to the doctor, moreover, if the pregnancy lasts more than one month.
Menstruation through fetus etiology
- This phenomenon is often observed in girls with hormonal status disorder. The hormone responsible for implantation of a fertilized egg into the endometrium is little or no secretion. In this situation, experts prescribe drugs synthetic progesterone, since such a state is fraught with miscarriage.
- The attachment of the embryo to the uterine mucosa may also be accompanied by excretion, as a result of vascular damage. This type of discharge does not threaten the fetus, but is only part of such an interesting process - pregnancy.
- Child developmental anomalies and ectopic pregnancy are factors contributing to bleeding.
- The cause of menstruation during gestation can serve as a failure in the body. As a result, two eggs are released from the follicles. As a result, one is fertilized, and the other leaves unfertilized.
- One of the negative factors is fetal fading. This can occur in the first and second trimesters of pregnancy. A fetus may die as a result of abnormal fetal development, a harmful lifestyle and infectious diseases of the mother.
- Multiple pregnancy is another cause of bleeding. Dying off of one of the fruits and its rejection is accompanied by bleeding.
- Hyperandrogenism - an increase in the level of male hormones. Disruption of hormonal balance leads to natural abortion with concomitant bleeding.
- Often pregnancy, which begins at the end of the monthly cycle, is accompanied by menstruation. Such discharge occurs because the body is not yet aware that you are in position and menstruation occurs according to plan.
- In the initial months of pregnancy, miscarriage is possible. Acute pain in the groin and lower back, bleeding may resemble menstruation, but if the girl is aware of her pregnancy, you need to consult a gynecologist as soon as possible to help preserve the fetus.
- Violations in the anatomy of the uterus (myoma, endometriosis, one-horned, two-horned uterus) can cause menstruation through the fetus.
Conclusions and prevention of deviations
Statistics show that among the five girls carrying a child, one has spotting at the initial time.
As you have noticed, the causes of such menstruation are not positive. Of course, this pathology is not always dangerous for the baby and his mother, but, despite this, when a discharge of unclear etiology occurs, it is necessary to immediately consult a specialist.
To prevent possible deviations, you must adhere to some rules:
1. Maintain a healthy lifestyle
2. undergo a physical examination regularly
3. follow the rules of healthy eating,
4. avoid stressful conditions
5. play sports because of their capabilities.
Why during pregnancy stop monthly?
While the baby is waiting, the progesterone level begins to rise in the woman. This hormone plays an important role in preserving pregnancy. It is progesterone that can cause or stop menstruation. After the fertilization of the egg, the hormone level rises, so the menstruation stops going.
During the onset of pregnancy, the inner mucous membrane of the uterus ceases to be updated. This is due to the successful implantation and further development of the embryo. Menstruation occurs due to detachment of the mucous membrane of the uterus - the endometrium. During menstruation, it is excreted with blood through the genital tract.
Due to the lack of updating of the endometrium and the growth of the progesterone level, menstruation in a pregnant woman stops. Can the monthly go through the fetus? In some cases this happens.
Gynecologists admit the onset of menstruation in early pregnancy. There are several reasons for the possible monthly through the fetus. The test will show pregnancy, but menstruation will not stop in the following conditions:
- insufficient progesterone production
- bubble skid
- ectopic pregnancy,
- wrong attachment of the egg,
- ablution of the fetus
- bleeding during embryo implantation,
- infectious diseases.
Gynecologists claim that fertilization usually occurs before the 17th day of the cycle, with its duration up to 28 days. It turns out that there are 11 days left until the menstruation, and the implantation of the embryo takes place only on the 14th. Due to the mismatch of the time frame, it may happen that a woman begins her period, and conception has already occurred.
Insufficient progesterone production
The level of this hormone is very important for the future mother, he is responsible for maintaining pregnancy. With a lack of progesterone, a woman has the following symptoms:
- bleeding from the genital tract,
- pulling pains in the abdomen,
- weight gain
- breast swelling,
Discharge from the genital tract, many women take for signs of menstruation through the fetus. But the decrease in progesterone level in the period of carrying a child is very dangerous, because it is also called the hormone of pregnancy. Up to 16 weeks, the corpus luteum is responsible for its production, and after this period the placenta connecting the mother and the child is responsible. If the pregnancy goes well, progesterone levels will increase regularly. Otherwise, bleeding may begin, and a miscarriage will occur.
If a woman has symptoms of menstruation through the fetus, then in some cases it can be very dangerous. Sometimes bloody discharge from the vagina is a symptom of a cystic skid. In this pathology, the villi of the outer shell of the embryo mutate. A woman with a bubble skid has the following symptoms:
- bleeding from the genital tract,
- rapid increase in uterus size,
- nausea, vomiting,
- liver failure,
Pathology causes the death of the embryo in early pregnancy. Therefore, with palpation or ultrasound, the fertilized egg is not detected. The devices can not fix the baby's heartbeat or movement. But if a woman makes a pregnancy test, he will show a positive result. In some patients, cysts may develop due to pathology. Sometimes the cystic skid leads to the formation of cancerous tumors that metastasize to the female genitals.
With this pathology, the embryo is implanted in a place not intended for it. Due to the fact that no process occurs in the uterus, menstruation can go through the fetus. How to determine that pregnancy proceeds pathologically? A woman needs an ultrasound exam. When ectopic pregnancy has the following symptoms:
- bleeding from the genital tract,
- violation of the menstrual cycle,
- breast enlargement in size,
- pulling pains in lower abdomen.
Such a pregnancy is pathological and threatens the health of the mother. The doctor prescribes an operation in which the fertilized egg is removed. To save a child in this situation is impossible. Often, during surgery, a woman removes part of the reproductive organs. After treatment, you can plan a new pregnancy only after consulting with a gynecologist.
Incorrect egg attachment
Monthly during pregnancy through the fetus are often associated with various pathologies. In the early stages, bleeding from the genital tract may begin due to improper attachment of a fertilized egg. The following diseases can cause this disease:
- chronic inflammation in the pelvis,
- thinning of the uterine walls,
- adhesions in the pelvis.
A fertilized egg can only fully adhere to healthy parts of the uterus. Usually they with the above diseases are located closer to its lower part, in the area of the neck. Because of this, the expectant mother may have a low location of the placenta and its diligence. Incorrect attachment of the egg is often accompanied by bleeding, which a woman may take for menstruation through the fetus.
If the periods have passed through the fetus, then the cause may be a hormonal disorder. It is very dangerous, especially in the early stages of gestation. Sometimes, due to improper balance of hormones, a woman fails to maintain the pregnancy, it is interrupted for natural reasons. The patient may experience the following symptoms:
- bleeding from the genital tract,
- pulling pains in the lumbar region,
- the disappearance of toxicosis,
- pain in the abdomen,
- decrease in breast size due to pregnancy.
If a woman does not start treatment, then a hormonal imbalance will lead to a miscarriage. But with timely access to a doctor, pregnancy is almost always possible to save. Treatment of hyperandrogenism gives a chance for a safe carrying and birth of a healthy baby.
Delayed menstruation is one of the main signs of pregnancy, but sometimes the woman’s cycle does not stop in the early stages. Doctors call this condition ablution of the unborn child. How are the periods through the fetus? Usually they are no different from the usual menstruation. This is not a pathology, menstruation during pregnancy is diagnosed in every 5 women.
If, while maintaining the menstrual cycle, there are signs of early toxicosis, then this is a reason to do a pregnancy test. If he was positive, then the woman should hurry to the doctor, since the period through the fetus in some cases can be dangerous.
Bleeding during embryo implantation
It can develop at the time of introduction of a fertilized egg into the wall of the uterus. Most women do not notice this point, but some of them may experience slight bleeding. It usually lasts several hours, in exceptional cases - several days. Implantable bleeding from the vagina - the first sign of pregnancy. They begin even before the tests confirm the interesting position of the woman.
But it is important not to confuse bleeding during implantation of the embryo with any pathology. Therefore, it is better for a woman to play it safe and make an appointment with a doctor. The doctor will prescribe tests and examinations with which you can accurately determine the presence or absence of pregnancy.
Most illnesses that cause bleeding in pregnant women are very dangerous. Some diseases always lead to miscarriage, while others cause fetal death only in exceptional cases. Therefore, when the appearance of bleeding, similar to the usual monthly, pregnant women better to register with a doctor.
The task of the doctor is to establish the presence or absence of pregnancy in the patient. The best way to do this is with a blood test. The level of hCG gynecologist will be able to determine whether a woman is pregnant or not. Only after that the doctor establishes the cause of menstruation through the fetus and prescribes treatment. Therapy is chosen individually, as too many diseases can lead to the arrival of menstruation during pregnancy.
First of all, the patient will need to start a healthy lifestyle, which will exclude any physical exertion. Sometimes a gynecologist may recommend bed rest and even hospitalization. If the cause of menstruation during pregnancy was an early detachment of the placenta or a woman’s level of the hormone progesterone fell, then the patient will be given out the preparations “Duphaston” and “Utrogestan”.
With severe bleeding from the genital tract, the doctor prescribes "Ditsinon." If the threat of miscarriage is very serious, then the patient is recommended progesterone injections. When in doubt about the good condition of the fetus, the gynecologist can prescribe medications for a woman to maintain his vital functions: folic acid, vitamin E, “Actovegin”. The patient is recommended to adjust nutrition and more time to lie down, this will help save the pregnancy.
Monthly through the fetus can begin in any woman. For the prevention of this phenomenon, a pregnant woman should visit a gynecologist in time and follow all his recommendations. Woman, it is important to establish a daily routine. If a pregnant woman works, then she should ask the boss to transfer her to easy work.
Expectant mother needs more rest. In her free time she can walk in the fresh air at a leisurely pace. It is important not to overstrain your nervous system. If nevertheless it was not possible to avoid bleeding during pregnancy, then you need to consult a doctor.
Pregnant women should monitor their health. Any changes in well-being is a reason for consulting a doctor. Even if bleeding from the vagina does not cause concern, they can lead to complications:
- development of sepsis,
- fetal death of the fetus,
- spontaneous abortion,
- development of hemorrhagic shock.
Most often, bleeding during pregnancy is dangerous, so a woman should be careful. Even with scanty and irregular discharge, reminiscent of menstruation, it is advisable to visit a doctor. The doctor will examine the pregnant woman and, if necessary, prescribe her treatment. Inactivity in this situation can lead to spontaneous miscarriage.
Is it ok
First of all, it is worth considering whether you can go monthly during pregnancy and when you need to fear. Menstrual bleeding can occur in women due to hormonal failure. The specific substance responsible for the attachment of the embryo to the inner lining of the uterine wall may be produced in trace amounts or not produced at all. Specialists after additional diagnostics and laboratory tests prescribe a synthetic hormone - progesterone to maintain pregnancy. This is necessary so that the desired pregnancy does not end in miscarriage. With a lack of hormone, the uterine endometrium is cleared as usual and can reject the fertilized egg.
The main reasons why menstruation goes during pregnancy can be:
- ectopic pregnancy,
- wrong attachment of the fetus,
- genetic abnormalities in fetal development,
- multiple pregnancy.
Each of the reasons can lead to the development of the onset of menstruation during pregnancy. With improper attachment of the ovum due to fibroids or endometriosis, the embryo is unable to develop normally, oxygen nutrition is disrupted and miscarriage occurs.
Are monthly periods possible at the beginning of pregnancy? Yes, only if, after fertilization, the woman's body has not yet had time to restructure. Such a process is one-time and in the future the monthly ones should stop for the entire period of gestation.
In the case of hyperandrogenism (increased content of male sex hormones), the embryo can detach from the endometrium. This type of pathology in a woman requires adequate and timely treatment.
In the case of multiple fetuses, the resulting embryos may develop in different ways. So, one of the fruits develops normally, and the other begins to lag behind in growth and is rejected by the female body. The onset of menstruation in this case signals the beginning of the process of rejection of the ovum.
The nature of the discharge in the early stages
Obstetricians and gynecologists are sure that in the first month of a child’s birth monthly periods are possible and this is not a pathological condition. This is a certain feature of the female body of a physiological nature. So, fertilization can occur at the moment when the menstrual cycle ends. In this case, the monthly come on the day. Monthly through the fetus in this case are not pathologies, the body has not yet been reconstructed under the new state.
In subsequent times, with a normal healthy uterus and in the absence of pathology in the fetus, there should be no menstruation. In the initial stages of carrying a child, there may be a small amount of blood secreted from the vagina, which can be taken as the monthly period. In fact, this is due to the implantation of the fetus. Signs of the introduction of the fetus are characterized by scanty secretions with a brown tinge. If the bleeding is severe and the blood is scarlet, you should immediately consult a doctor. This will help prevent miscarriage and preserve the fetus. The onset of menstruation through the fetus may be evidence of a violation of the anatomical structures of the uterus.In most cases, the growth of the endometrium outside the uterine structures is diagnosed, as well as benign tumors in the muscle tissue.
When should I go to the doctor?
In most cases, the onset of menstrual bleeding during pregnancy should push a woman to see a doctor. This is especially necessary if the bleeding began in the last stages of the child's birth. It can testify about possible pathologies of the fetus. The beginning of menstruation through the fetus is an unusually dangerous condition, as it threatens not only the fetus, but also the life of the woman. If you experience the following symptoms, you must call the ambulance:
- severe bleeding with the presence of blood clots,
- strong pains of a spasmodic nature,
- acute pain in the pelvic area.
In early pregnancy, the appearance of menstruation may indicate ectopic pregnancy. This pathological condition is accompanied by strong pain, as the fertilized egg is attached not to the uterine walls, but in the region of the fallopian tubes, creating pressure on them. However, spontaneous miscarriage does not occur. Treatment of this condition involves the removal of the ovum from the tube in the early stages. In advanced cases, the entire pipe is removed.
A rare, but more dangerous condition for a woman is a bubble skid, which becomes the beginning of menstruation during pregnancy. This pathology arises due to an inferior and underdeveloped egg or in the case of fertilization with two spermatozoa at once. Both variants of development lead to the fact that the fertilized egg begins to implant in the mucous layers of the uterus, but the development of the embryo does not occur. The chorionic villi begin to develop, forming many characteristic bubbles. As a result, the number of human chorionic gonadotropin increases dramatically and provokes the onset of menstruation during pregnancy.
The hormonal balance is disturbed in the process of development of the skidding and bleeding due to damaged tissues can be the cause of the development of malignant neoplasms and metastasize to other organs of the human body. Treatment of this condition is made by eliminating excess growths.
Medical statistics states that menstrual periods during pregnancy can begin in every 5 pregnant women. This is an abnormal condition and specialist advice is required. Not in all cases there is a threat of pathology of fetal development or other abnormalities, but going to a doctor will not be superfluous. It is important to take care of your health before planning pregnancy.
Following the general recommendations, you can avoid possible pathologies:
- Maintain a healthy lifestyle.
- Regular examination by a gynecologist.
- Properly balanced diet.
- Active lifestyle.
If bleeding began, even minor, bringing discomfort, then in this case you should not neglect the trip to the doctor.
Menstruation during pregnancy: can this be
First, let's refresh our knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of women.
As is known, once a month an egg cell ripens in the body of a woman, ready for conception. If fertilization has not taken place, it is destroyed in due time. During this period, the uterus contracts and outwards, in the form of bleeding, it turns out that what is left of the egg, as well as pieces of the endometrium, the tissue lining the uterus.
If the egg was fertilized, that is, the pregnancy, as they say, on the face, then the essence of the processes taking place changes significantly.
The body prepares a special place for the embryo and works hard to prevent the uterus from rejecting the embryo.
In particular, the female body begins to produce a special hormone - progesterone. This hormone has two main functions. First, it stimulates the growth of the inner lining of the walls of the uterus (endometrium), so that the embryo can penetrate and better attach to them. Secondly, this hormone prevents the walls of the uterus from contracting, which protects the embryo from rejection.
I hope it is clear from here that menstruation during pregnancy can not go. Well, if after all they are, what is the reason?
Why are periods during pregnancy
As already mentioned, bleeding during pregnancy can not be considered monthly. The cause of the discharge can be various pathologies, a violation of the hormonal functions of the body of the mother. Such a phenomenon can be a signal of the detachment of the ovum, which threatens miscarriage.
Let's look at a few examples in more detail.
Often women find that they have during pregnancy go monthlyreally suffer progesterone disruption. If this hormone is very small, then at the time prescribed for normal menstruation, there may be bloody discharge with endometrial fragments.
This means that the uterus, as in the usual case, is cleared, and can at the same time reject the fetus. To prevent this, of course, is impossible. Therefore, with timely treatment, the doctor prescribes the future mother drugs that replace progesterone. In most cases, the threat of miscarriage with this kind of disorder is stopped, and the mother quietly continues to bear the baby.
Also the cause of the so-called menstruation during pregnancy can be fetal developmental pathologies (genetic changes) or ectopic pregnancy.
It also happens that the fruit is not attached well. For example, if the expectant mother suffers from endometriosis or there is myoma. Having attached to such an unfavorable place, the embryo cannot develop normally, it is poorly supplied with oxygen, that is, miscarriage can occur.
Another hormonal disorder leading to the appearance of bleeding - hyperandrogenism. That is, to put it simply, an overabundance of male hormones. In the absence of treatment, this phenomenon often leads to detachment of the ovum, and, consequently, to miscarriage.
With timely treatment of such consequences can be avoided.
Another fairly rare occurrence can be found in women who have during pregnancy go monthly.
It so happens that initially 2 embryos are formed, that is, multiple pregnancy. But at the same time one of them develops normally, and the other for some reason is rejected by the body (unsuccessful place of attachment, pathology, etc.). In this case menstruation during pregnancy are a signal of the process of rejection of one of the embryos.
As you can see, the reasons for such a phenomenon as menstruation during pregnancy far from harmless. Even worse consequences.
Therefore, do not listen to the advice of experienced and do not close your eyes to what is happening. Even if you feel well, do not feel pain and discomfort, but you have spotting, do not hesitate to consult a doctor with a question, why are periods during pregnancy.
And if back pain, something similar to contractions, is added to the bloody discharge, the discharge becomes quite abundant, immediately call an ambulance. It may be that an independent trip to the clinic will cost you a baby!
As already mentioned, in many cases, especially if it is “numbing hormones,” with timely referral to a specialist, the threat of miscarriage is avoided. In other cases, even if nothing can be done already, the sooner you will notify the doctor that you have menstruation occurs during pregnancy, the more likely to avoid health problems and hope for the next, more successful pregnancy.
Women's magazine JustLady
Most women have monthly periods of 10 to 14 times per year. Someone they are less, and someone more often. Menstruation is most often irregular in the first few years after the girl began menstruating. Sometimes it lasts for several years, until the hormones start working properly.
Menstruation may also be irregular at the time of menopause.
Reasons for the delay
Several reasons for which a woman may delay.
- Changes in life: new work, new relationships, changes in the rhythm of life. All this is psychology and comes from the central nervous system, and the cycle can be broken. Most often this happens if you change your daily work schedule to the night schedule.
- Taking any medications.
- The reason may be such a thing as "premenopause". If you are on the menopause trail, then the monthly delay is the main symptom.
- Menopause. It occurs, as a rule, in women at the age of fifty years old; nevertheless, it can also occur in young women. Menopause occurs when the ovaries no longer produce eggs, therefore, in women, menopausal delays occur during menopause. Do not worry, this is a natural process.
- Pregnancy. If you live sexually, and you have a delay in menstruation, then most likely that you are pregnant. And yet, it may not always be the case. To find out, you can:
- Conduct a pregnancy test from the first day of delay (such tests are sold at any pharmacy),
- To donate blood for the analysis of hCG, hCG is human chorionic gonadotropin. If to explain in simple words, it is a hormone that is secreted in large quantities only in pregnant women. Non-pregnant women and even men normally contain a small amount of this hormone in the body, but during pregnancy, the hCG levels are different. By the way, pregnancy tests react to this hormone.
- Stress. The main cause of many diseases, and the delay of the monthly
- Weight problems. Excess weight increases the amount of the hormone estrogen and affects the menstrual cycle. Lack of weight can also be the cause of delayed menstruation, since in this case the body does not receive the nutrients it needs.
The same reason for the delay in menstruation may be
- indigestion (diet, anorexia or bullemia),
- increased physical culture. Athletes often have delayed menstruation.
- medication (birth control pills, etc.).
- hormonal imbalance.
- problems associated with the genital organs (Asherman's disease, obstruction of the hymen, polycystic ovary).
Pregnancy test during menstruation
Delay of menstruation is the most characteristic, universal and common symptom of pregnancy in the early stages. In the overwhelming majority of all cases, women begin to suspect the conception that happened because of the absence of regular menstruation on time. But reverse cases are also often the case: when a woman who is almost confident in the coming pregnancy suddenly begins monthly periods. Is it possible to check the real picture, and will the truthful result show a pregnancy test during menstruation?
Is it possible to conduct a pregnancy test during menstruation?
Let's start with the most important and exciting: the test during menstruation can be done. Moreover, menstrual bleeding does not affect its plausibility. As you know, a pregnancy test responds to the level of hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin hormone), which first rises in the blood and then begins to increase in the urine. In this regard, the most informative in early pregnancy is considered a blood test for hCG.
If you resort to a home test, then remember that the probability of a truthful result is all the higher than a longer gestation period, and different tests also have different sensitivities. Therefore, if the test showed a negative result, then it makes sense to verify its veracity by conducting another test a week later.
Also note that a pregnancy test can be false-positive and false-negative: many such factors influence these “mistakes”. And, by the way, menstruation can also affect the result, if you conduct a test in violation of the rules of sterility. But the fact of the onset of menstruation does not change the test result.
So, in order for a pregnancy test to be true, it is necessary to carry it out after a delay in menstruation (and in our case - after they start) in the morning, using the first portion of urine. At night, try not to drink a lot of liquid so that the concentration of hCG is quite high. And be sure to do a pregnancy test during menstruation, hold the toilet of the genitals and insert a tampon into the vagina to avoid blood getting into the urine vessel (which must also be sterilely clean).
But it is best to wait until the end of the menstrual bleeding for testing, or repeat the pregnancy test after menstruation.
Pregnancy through menstruation - how to find out?
For most women, the first bell about future motherhood is a delay in menstruation. Despite this, we all have heard about the cases when the periods have passed, and there is a pregnancy. How to find out pregnancy through menstruation, because by the rules of the second should exclude the first. But as practice shows, there are exceptions. Let's look at what signs of pregnancy through menstruation can still be.
Similar symptoms of pregnancy and menses
Of course, some of the symptoms of pregnancy and menses are similar. For example, breast tenderness or tenderness. The difference is that with ordinary menstruation, this feature passes almost immediately, but during pregnancy it remains for a long time.
Complaints of pain in the lower abdomen and lower back, is also quite common. Many women, a few days before the start of menstruation, note a malfunction of the gastrointestinal tract. Therefore, most of the “specials” on this list will find out about their pregnancy a little later.
How to find out pregnancy through menstruation?
Signs of pregnancy through menstruation, in principle, are not much different from the classic version of pregnancy. Let's see how to distinguish between menstruation and pregnancy.
- First, the pregnancy test during menstruation has not been canceled. In any case, the female body begins to produce chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) on the 7-10 day after fertilization. The level of this hormone is rapidly increasing in a pregnant woman, so some tests may show two strips even a few days before the onset of menstruation.
- A proven sign of pregnancy is an increase in basal temperature. If conception has occurred and the pregnancy develops, it rises above 37 degrees and lasts for several weeks.
- Also a sign of pregnancy, even if you are menstruating, can become toxicosis - this is weakness, nausea, dizziness, vomiting. All this - a consequence of hormonal changes in the body. Until the adaptation takes place, the expectant mother may experience similar ailments.
- Frequent urging to the toilet. This is associated with a significant influx of blood to the pelvic organs.
- An increase in secretions (of course, we may not notice them in connection with the onset of menstruation), but the appearance of thrush can hardly go unnoticed.
As can be seen from the above, it is quite possible to find out pregnancy through menstruation, although the symptoms of pregnancy and menstruation often coincide.
Menstruation and pregnancy, as a rule, are mutually exclusive concepts. However, there are many stories on the Internet about how menstruation continued during pregnancy. Or stories that some women learn about pregnancy in two or three, and sometimes four months after conception, and not at all because of their "denseness", but because they have menstruation all this time. There is also a myth that you can not get pregnant during menstruation, so let's start with it.
Is pregnancy possible through menstruation?
For fertilization, the egg is considered to be 2-3 days before the onset of menstruation is relatively safe. It is also believed that it is not possible to get pregnant during menstruation, and after them another three days. But doctors warn that it is likely to get pregnant during menstruation days, as well as in the days before and after them. No one can give a guarantee that pregnancy will not occur.
Read: Menstruation during pregnancy: symptoms
This is due to the fact that for about 6-7 days the spermatozoa retain their activity after they enter the vagina. In addition, you should know that the egg has all the chances to ripen to the middle of the cycle, as well as after it. The time of ovulation can sometimes shift, so you can get pregnant even during menstruation, this is especially possible if the cycle is irregular.
When can pregnancy come through menstruation?
Most often, the onset of pregnancy in the last days of menstruation, in which the unfertilized egg leaves. The risk of getting pregnant in the first days of menstruation is practically reduced to zero, due to the abundant secretions of blood and the presence of an unfavorable environment for spermatozoa. If the onset of menstruation is delayed, thus the menstrual cycle is disturbed and the likelihood of maintaining a viable sperm cell increases.
Read: Monthly and pregnancy at the same time
Если цикл у женщины достаточно короткий (22 - 24 дня), то произойти овуляция может и в последние дни месячных, особенно, если довольно длительное кровотечение (от 7 до 8 дней). Therefore, it is not necessary for women with an irregular or short cycle to be protected solely by the calendar method, especially now every pharmacy has the widest selection of various contraceptives.
Is it possible in the first trimester of pregnancy monthly or pregnancy through monthly how to find out?
Monthly in the first 4-5 weeks of pregnancy is quite acceptable phenomenon. This happens because fertilization took place in the middle of the cycle, but the fertilized egg could not reach the uterus, as it takes 7-15 days. Accordingly, the hormonal background has not had time to change, so the body reacted as always - the usual periods began and ended. This phenomenon should not happen again next month. It happens that the estrogen background is lower than necessary, but pregnancy hormones are already working, and the level of estrogen suddenly "fell" for all sorts of physiological reasons. Such a phenomenon always causes bleeding, and that is characteristic, they come precisely when the plan was supposed to begin menstruation, do not be pregnant.
Read: Definition of pregnancy before the delay of menstruation
Since nowadays a stable hormonal background is quite rare, some women can menstruate for 3-4 months without the threat of termination of pregnancy. In addition, in medical practice there are cases of maturation of two eggs at the same time (from different ovaries, this usually happens in turns), and when one of them is fertilized, the second one rejects and causes menstruation, but the situation is rather complicated and rare.
Monthly or still bloody discharge during pregnancy?
With the established fact of pregnancy, any bleeding is not the norm! This is an indicator of hormonal imbalance in the body of a woman, which means that it is necessary to consult a doctor.
Read: Symptoms of pregnancy before the delay of menstruation
It may also mean that another, more serious pathology may be hiding under the guise of the arriving menstrual periods, which will lead to premature termination of pregnancy. Therefore, in any case, it is necessary to consult a gynecologist. Remember, periods during pregnancy are always not abundant, sometimes they appear solely when a woman moves, and disappear at night during rest and are never accompanied by pain. But the nagging pains that have been observed for a long time, a feeling of heaviness in the lower abdomen, sudden bleeding of bright scarlet color even on the usual days of menstruation should serve as a reason to call the ambulance brigade!
Menstruation during pregnancy
Some women find out about pregnancy in 2-3 months after its occurrence, and not at all because of their “denseness”, but because during all this time their menstruation continues - a situation that seems to preclude pregnancy and even suspicion of it.
Menstruation during the first month of pregnancy is quite normal.. Fertilization happened in the middle of the cycle, but the fertilized egg could not reach the desired place (it takes 7-15 days) and the hormonal background did not have time to change - the body reacted as usual - the usual periods began and ended. Next month this should not be. It happens - estrogen background is lower than necessary. Pregnancy hormones are already working, pregnancy is developing, and estrogens suddenly “fell” - well, why not! - and it is always - bleeding, and they come exactly when they were supposed to start, do not be pregnant.
Since stable hormonal background in our time is a rather rare thing, some women menstruate for 3-4 months without the threat of abortion. There are in the literature and cases of simultaneous maturation of two eggs (from different ovaries, usually it happens in turns), when one of them is fertilized, and the second is rejected, causing menstruation, but this is a rather rare and complex situation.
With a healthy pregnancy, menstruation does not occur, since the development of a fertilized egg continues. But as mentioned above, there may be bloody discharge and at the beginning of pregnancy in the days of the expected menstruation. Such secretions are not menstruation, and the reason for their appearance may be a number of factors. Usually the appearance of blood from the genital tract indicate detachment of the ovum. With a slight detachment, the woman's body copes on its own and does not allow the fertilized egg to leave the uterus. As a result, the pregnancy remains, the fetus develops normally without consequences.
Spotting may persist in women for 4 months of pregnancy in the days of menstruation. At the same time bleeding are more scarce than the usual monthly. It is worth noting that such a selection phenomenon, though not uncommon, but requires special attention. The bleeding may indicate a spontaneous abortion (miscarriage) that has begun. Symptoms of miscarriage are red bleeding without lumps in the first trimester and with remnants of the ovum in the second trimester, often accompanied by nagging pains in the lower abdomen in the first trimester or with colicky pains in the second.
In the event of bleeding during pregnancy, first of all, you need to contact your gynecologist. An important therapeutic procedure is pastel. The future mother needs peace and mental balance. You can receive antispasmodics, as well as muscle relaxants, but only with the permission of the doctor. In general, pregnancy is so subtle and unique condition of a woman that general recommendations can only mislead the future mother. Therefore, in order to calmly and happily carry the child requires an individual approach and regular examination of the pregnant woman.
Serious causes of menstruation in a pregnant woman
The bleeding from a pregnant woman is the first signal of concern. Such an anomaly, as already mentioned, is mainly associated with the detachment of the ovum. Against this background, an already fertilized egg can completely or partially detach from the uterine wall. What could possibly lead to such a wrong course of events?
- insufficient amount of progesterone produced. When the corpus luteum "works" not as it should be and progesterone does not enter the body of a woman in the amount in which it can ensure the normal development of pregnancy. To date, such violations are easily eliminated with the help of drugs like progesterone analogues,
- occurrence of hyperandrogenism. Androgen is called the male sex hormone. If their level exceeds the required amount, a serious problem arises - the detachment of the ovum. But this reason can be eliminated if you use special medications,
- adverse place of attachment of the egg. This may be the place where the myoma node was formed or against the background of the center of endometriosis. In this case, the egg is poorly supplied with blood, which leads to the rejection of the ovum,
- not developing pregnancy or genetic changes, as well as the occurrence of serious fetal defects can provoke the threat of termination of pregnancy. Therefore, and there are discharge from the blood. So that in the future there is no such problem, the woman necessarily undergoes the necessary treatment under the supervision of a doctor,
- ectopic pregnancy. When a woman feels all the signs of pregnancy - a change in smell, the presence of toxemia, a positive result of the pregnancy test and suddenly see bleeding. There is an urgent need to undergo a medical examination that can reveal an ectopic pregnancy.
There are other reasons that cause the appearance of bloody discharge and of course pose a serious threat to a pregnant woman.
Why do menstruation stop during pregnancy
It is important to understand why the cessation of menstruation occurs during pregnancy, what is the connection. From a medical point of view, this interdependence is quite understandable, and the link is progesterone. It is this female hormone that gives a signal to start or cancel menstruation.
His main task is to prepare the female body for carrying a child. Regularly, from the time of ovulation by the corpus luteum, increased production of progesterone begins in the ovaries.
Further development provides two options:
- A fertilized egg enters the uterus and attaches to the endometrium. Then the amount of progesterone will increase, and the embryo will continue to develop.
- Fertilization has not occurred, progesterone levels will fall. As a result, the endometrium will collapse, and the discharge will begin with blood.
There is a clear algorithm:
- fertilization - increasing the concentration of progesterone - lack of menstruation,
- unfertilized egg cell - reducing the concentration of progesterone - the beginning of menstruation.
In addition, the endometrium is the inner mucous membrane of the uterus, which performs the reproductive function and ensures the creation of optimal conditions for attachment (implantation) and further embryo formation. And monthly, just, represent the process of exfoliation of the endometrium and its release through the genital tract to the outside.
Based on such a logical pattern, doctors talk about the impossibility of the onset of menstruation, if conception occurred.
But each rule has its exceptions. And numerous reviews of women testify to the opposite situation. According to statistics, every fifth woman turns to the antenatal clinic with the question whether monthly periods are possible during pregnancy in the early stages.
Why do abnormalities occur?
Doctors, nevertheless, do not completely reject the possibility of passing menstruation during pregnancy in the early stages and name several reasons for this process:
- individual features of the female body,
- disruptions in the hormonal system,
- infectious and inflammatory diseases,
- pathology of pregnancy.
First of all, doctors explain the beginning of critical days even after conception by inconsistency of time frames. Fertilization is possible up to the 17th day of the menstrual cycle, thus, with its traditional duration of 28 days, there are 11 remaining before the menstruation. And sometimes it takes up to two weeks to reach the fertilized egg cell of the uterus.
It turns out that the situation is quite permissible when fertilization has taken place, but the implantation process has not yet been completed. Therefore, since the body did not begin the necessary hormonal changes, monthly flow through the fetus according to the usual schedule, despite the already existing pregnancy.
Much of the menstrual cycle depends on the individual characteristics of the functioning of the ovaries. In this regard, the following circumstances are possible:
- Suppression of ovarian function is slowed down, and, with the onset of pregnancy, they continue to produce eggs, which are rejected with endometrium.
- Ovaries mature in both ovaries, and one of them is fertilized, and the other is rejected during menstruation.
- There is also a somewhat different situation in which both eggs are fertilized, but over time one of the embryos may not take root. In this case, there will also be the presence of pregnancy and blood discharge that accompanies the exit of the seized embryo.
These reasons do not pose any threat to the health of the woman or the fetus and, usually, in the second month the bleeding does not occur.
Sometimes menstrual periods in the first month of pregnancy appear because a woman has endocrine diseases, such as hyperandrogenism.
But not in all cases the situation is so safe:
- Hormonal disorders in the body of women are considered to be very common, as a result of which a small amount of progesterone is produced during pregnancy. This low level of hormone provokes the onset of menses. This can lead to detachment of the fruit egg.
The most dangerous is the situation when the discharge goes through a fetus that is not implanted in the uterus.
This threatens to rupture the fallopian tube and, in most cases, requires surgical intervention.
Absolutely normal process is blood excretion arising:
- as a result of the introduction of the fetal body into the endometrium,
- at the stage of formation of the embryonic vascular network.
- with cervical erosion.
There are also "mechanical" causes of scanty bleeding, which are possible due to the fact that the walls of the vagina during pregnancy are easily injured:
- during a gynecological examination,
- rough intercourse,
Thus, the monthly can go during pregnancy in the early stages, and this is quite common. It is very important to do the right thing in this situation.
What to do
Many of the voiced causes of the appearance of bleeding during the first month of pregnancy, pose a serious threat to the health of the woman and, moreover, the development of the fetus. To respond to such processes is necessary and as soon as possible.
Especially should alert the woman if during menstruation there are pain in the lower back and pulls the stomach.
Attention should be paid even to minor spotting, which can quickly turn into abundant bleeding.
First of all, you need to do a test and donate blood for hCG to confirm the presence of a pregnancy, and consult a doctor. A blood test is the most reliable way to establish pregnancy.
Additionally, if necessary, appoint an ultrasound, gynecological examination of the uterus. The doctor, having found out the reason, may recommend hospitalization, bed rest, will determine the treatment.
At the beginning of menstruation due to low levels of progesterone and detachment of the fetal body, Duphaston and Utrogestan are attributed. They regulate hormonal balance in the body. If the risk of miscarriage is severe, progesterone injection therapy is enhanced. Dicionone is prescribed as a styptic, and Actovegin, folic acid, vitamin E, is used to support the fetus.
At the same time, it is necessary to switch to a benign regime, which excludes physical exertion, nervous experiences, stresses, and the harmful effects of the environment. It is necessary to pay attention to nutrition and to rest and lie as much as possible.
Timely actions can save a pregnancy.
Many women wonder if they can go through the fetus. However, during pregnancy, the blood that appears in women are not menstrual. There are many different reasons why this happens and therefore a pregnant woman should not try to diagnose herself. This should make a highly qualified specialist.
The causes of bleeding are sometimes implant bleeding. In this case, the blood appears during the attachment of the egg to the mucous membrane of the uterus. This process may be accompanied by the release of blood and its veins for a day or two.
Insufficient hormone production
At the beginning of pregnancy, a woman may be disturbed by menstruation. At the same time, the familiar symptoms of the onset of menstruation appear: pulling pain in the abdomen and back, bloating and slight swelling of the abdominal cavity and heaviness in the pelvis. This phenomenon is called: "washing the fetus."
Until the third month of pregnancy, the hormonal background is restored and the woman stops worrying about her periods. Despite the difficulties in the initial periods, they give birth to absolutely healthy, full-term and active children. Of course, regular checkups with your doctor are required. They will identify the pathological processes in the early stages and prevent their further development.
Risk of miscarriage
Unfortunately, spontaneous abortion is not uncommon. Often it takes place the first 12 weeks. If a woman did not follow her cycle and did not do a pregnancy test, then she can even understand what was happening in her body.
Miscarriage is accompanied by the following symptoms:
After miscarriage, there is a complete absence of any sign of expecting a child. Confirm your guesses, you can use ultrasound. If the doctor indicates that there is no heartbeat, then you need to undergo a procedure to cleanse the woman's body from the embryo.
Statistics show that excretion during pregnancy occurs in 25% of cases. In half of the women who have addressed this problem, the doctor diagnoses a miscarriage. The other half acquire absolutely healthy offspring.
Too intense sexual intercourse sometimes causes bleeding. This phenomenon is not dangerous and is due to the activation of blood circulation of the cervix. This does not mean that the couple should stop sex. It is enough just to reduce the turbulence of the process, to make it more calm and neat.
Если выделения крови отмечаются после каждого полового акта, женщине стоит проконсультироваться с врачом. Возможно, специалисту удастся обнаружить, что еще могло спровоцировать такие тревожные симптомы.
Наличие внематочной беременности
В данном случае яйцеклетка закрепляется не в матке, а в маточной трубе. По мере роста плода женщина испытывает сильные болезненные ощущения. If the necessary studies to identify pathology are not carried out in time, then sooner or later the pipe will break. This condition is so dangerous that a woman needs emergency medical care.
When diagnosing an ectopic pregnancy, an appropriate procedure is carried out to eliminate it. A fertilized egg must be removed along with the tube. At the same time, the chance to get pregnant remains quite high, provided that the second tube and the ovaries are completely healthy.
Pathology of the placenta
Vaginal bleeding with pain is often triggered by abnormal placenta previa. This diagnosis occurs in 2% of all expectant mothers. After the 20th week, women with a similar diagnosis have severe bleeding. To assess all the risks and prevent the development of complications, an ultrasound scan is performed.
In addition to improper location of the placenta, bleeding from the uterine mucosa can also cause bleeding. This extremely dangerous pathology requires immediate medical intervention, otherwise a woman may lose a fetus.
Many women know firsthand about this disease. It can be congenital or acquired due to weakening of the immune system, other diseases, as well as under the influence of other adverse factors. In addition to minor bleeding, the disease does not show any other symptoms.
Erosive processes occurring in the cervix, do not affect the development of the fetus. Modern treatment methods do not prohibit erosion therapy even during pregnancy. Such drastic measures are sometimes necessary if there are signs of the onset of degeneration into cancer.
In the absence of such serious symptoms, it is recommended to wait until the end of the pregnancy and carry out all necessary procedures for treatment.
How to prevent bleeding during pregnancy
The main condition for a safe pregnancy is a healthy lifestyle for the mother and regular check-ups with a doctor. Before planning a pregnancy should undergo a comprehensive examination of the genitals. At detection of polyps, erosion, infectious diseases, appropriate measures are taken to eliminate them.
If the pregnancy was not planned, then you should follow the recommendations of the doctor, take all the tests in a timely manner and come to the scheduled examinations to monitor the normal development of the fetus.
So, the main signs of menstruation through the fetus are the discharge of blood of varying intensity. They can have a bright scarlet shade or brown. Regardless of the reasons for the appearance of blood, the expectant mother should consult a specialist. This also applies to those cases where, in addition to the discharge of blood, no discomfort or painful sensations bother her anymore.
Bleeding or menstruation in the early stages?
If a woman does not yet know whether she is pregnant or not, but the menstruation has begun, then she should watch the discharge for a while. At conception, the secretions may differ from ordinary menstruation. They have a different consistency and duration.
If it is not monthly, then discharge with blood appears more often, they last up to 10 days or more. When this bleeding can be abundant, and signs of anemia begin to appear. The only normal variant of bloody discharge during pregnancy may be the time of implantation of the embryo in the uterus. This happens about a week after conception. And even this discharge cannot be called a full-fledged menstruation, since the bloody formations are very scarce.
Etiology of menstruation through the fetus
It is worth considering the situation when during pregnancy can go monthly. Menstruation may appear in women with hormonal disorders. The hormone, which is responsible for implanting a fertilized egg into the endometrium, is produced in small quantities or not at all. Doctors in this case, prescribe funds containing synthetic progesterone, otherwise the pregnancy may end in miscarriage. In order to prevent such a situation in the future, when a woman registers her, she is sent to be tested for hormones. In addition to the lack of progesterone, an overabundance of male hormones in a pregnant woman’s body can be dangerous, as this also provokes a miscarriage.
At the time of the attachment of the embryo to the uterus, small bleeding may occur. They should not worry a woman, as these are the individual characteristics of the organism.
Ectopic pregnancies or abnormalities in the development of the fetus can be dangerous. Then signs of bleeding are usually abundant.
Failure in the body during gestation can lead to the exit of two eggs from the follicles, one of them is fertilized, and the other is not. As a result, a pregnant woman can begin menstruation. This phenomenon happens extremely rarely, but there have been cases in medical practice.
In the first and second trimesters of pregnancy, fetal fading may occur. This happens for many reasons. For example, underdevelopment of the embryo, the presence of bad habits in the mother or infectious diseases.
If a woman has a multiple pregnancy, the bleeding can begin due to the death of one fetus and the rejection of its body. In this case, the second embryo can continue to fully develop.
Hyperandrogenism is a condition in which male hormones dominate in the female body. Then a spontaneous miscarriage occurs and bleeding begins.
If fertilization happened during that period, when the menstrual cycle ended, then the period still begins. Since the body is not aware that pregnancy has come. Therefore, in the first month this may happen.
The beginning of pregnancy in some cases ends in miscarriage. A woman sometimes does not even realize her position. But it is worth to consult a doctor if the bleeding is heavy and is accompanied by blood clots. If it is known about the conception, and the bleeding has just begun, then immediately call the ambulance, perhaps, miscarriage will be avoided. Anatomical disorders of the uterus, such as fibroids, endometriosis, etc., provoke the onset of menstruation through the fetus.
Any bleeding during pregnancy should be alarming. To avoid further consequences, you need a survey:
- To be able to find out the level of progesterone, it is necessary to pass a blood or urine test. If progesterone is below normal, it may indicate a missed abortion or a threatened miscarriage.
- Examination of the cervix. The procedure is not painful, you will need a mirror to identify the condition of the uterus, an experienced doctor will immediately determine the risk of miscarriage.
- Ultrasound. Ultrasound examination is performed on average 3 times during pregnancy. Namely, in the middle of the first, second and third trimesters. When bleeding is carried out an additional study of the abdominal cavity and vaginal department.
When it comes to immediately see a doctor
There are cases when bleeding should push for immediate medical attention. For example, if blood from the uterus began to stand out in late pregnancy. This condition is dangerous because it is threatening not only for the fetus, but also for the life of the mother. If the following signs appear, then ambulance should be called immediately:
- Excessive bleeding is accompanied by the appearance of blood clots.
- The pain is severe, alternating with cramps.
- The pain is acute.
Monthly during pregnancy (menstruation) - can they go, if there are, in the early stages, in the first month, through the fetus, how to find out
Can monthly go during pregnancy
Motherhood is the most wonderful event for a woman. One of the obligatory signs of an emerging pregnancy is the absence of menstruation. This circumstance induces a woman to run to do a test and begin to demand strawberries in winter.
But we often hear other stories: “A friend was on a gynecological examination, and they said that she had been pregnant for 12 weeks, although her period always went as before.” And there are many similar examples.
According to the authors of such stories, doctors agree that these phenomena are quite acceptable. But in the medical literature such situations are more often associated with abnormalities or various pathologies. How can you figure out whether there can be monthly during pregnancy, and in what case it will be an occasion to immediately seek medical advice from a doctor.
All about planning kids. Birth of a child
Sometimes there is bleeding during pregnancy, which is very similar to menstrual.
Of course, it causes panic and deep feelings for a woman, but in such a situation it is important to know that menstruation occurs relatively often through the fetus, and about a third of pregnant women experience different bleeding in these forty weeks. And not always monthly during pregnancy cause any harm.
There are a number of reasons for which blood appears during pregnancy. Some of them absolutely should not scare, while others lead to a violation in the development of the fetus or miscarriage.
If even small blood stains are found on the laundry, you should tell your doctor about it or even call an ambulance and go to the hospital right away.
After all, there are several possible answers to the question “Do they get monthly during pregnancy?”
But do not panic, get upset and thereby aggravate the situation. Perhaps, in a particular case, it does not harm the baby. For a start it is worth knowing why there are periods during pregnancy.
When worrying about nothing?
Often women ask the question if they go during pregnancy, if everything is normal? Yes, sometimes the body does not have time for changes at the hormonal level, and then, when the cycle should end, a little bleeding begins. Menstruation through the fetus should not be painful and strong. To check the diagnosis, women are tested for progesterone levels and, if necessary, hormone therapy is performed.
Monthly at an early stage of pregnancy, if they are very scarce, may occur at the time of implantation of the ovum into the wall of the uterus. In doing so, several blood vessels burst, giving a symptom.
Sometimes menstruation during pregnancy and causes a sensitivity of the cervix. It softens and the vessels around it fill with blood.
Mechanical stress, such as having sex or seeing a doctor, damages small vessels and causes bleeding similar to menstruation during pregnancy. Both cases do not require treatment.
Also, the period through the fetus can go in the event that initially there were two or more fertilized eggs. Each of them is trying to gain a foothold, but not always the female body is able to endure a double pregnancy, and one egg is rejected, provoking menstruation during pregnancy.
This usually happens in cases where the pregnancy begins with artificial insemination, but in natural conditions it is possible. It is impossible to change anything in this situation, you just need to make sure that the remaining fruit is normal.
Usually, this is assumed if the period began in early pregnancy.
If, before conception, a woman develops diseases such as cervical erosion or polyps (small growths from the vessels and mucous tissue), then periods during pregnancy can be caused by this.
When the diagnosis is confirmed, the doctor may prescribe only supportive therapy and be more attentive, try to prevent re-bleeding during pregnancy.
If the pregnancy has already occurred, these problems cannot be treated before delivery, and it is possible that menstruation will go through the fetus regularly.
Bleeding after the 37th week of pregnancy can also mean the approach of labor. Even the mucus plug that comes off first is often confused with a blood clot, and the cervix may also bleed slightly when opened. At this period, seeing monthly during pregnancy, you should consult a doctor as soon as possible to learn about the beginning of labor.
Cases where bleeding is dangerous
Of course, the blood during pregnancy should alert in any case. But if a strong sharp or pulling pain is added to it, and there is a lot of blood and it doesn’t run out, this is not just a reason for going to the doctor, but for calling an ambulance.
Early bleeding during pregnancy may indicate an ectopic pregnancy. It is also accompanied by severe pain, because the fertilized egg is not fixed in the uterus, and its growth creates pressure on the fallopian tube or other organ. Unfortunately, the treatment in this case is one thing - removing the problem.
Rarer, but more dangerous disease is a bubble skid, causing menstruation during pregnancy. During fertilization, it can either be a defective egg, or it is fertilized by two spermatozoa at once.
Both options lead to the fact that the ovum is implanted, but the embryo does not develop, and the chorionic villi begin to actively grow, creating a lot of bubbles and giving a very large amount of the hormone hCG, and also provoking menstruation during pregnancy.
Hormonal problems stem from this, but, unfortunately, bleeding during pregnancy is also due to the fact that damaged tissue can become a malignant tumor and metastasize to other organs. The disease manifests itself as a period through the fetus, accompanied by pain, enhanced signs of toxicosis. It is treated only by removing all excess growths.
Menstruation during pregnancy can signal the beginning of a miscarriage. However, in this case, there will always be pain, which at first looks like menstrual pain, and then intensifies. The causes of miscarriage can be many, and the sooner a woman gets to the doctor, the more likely to keep the pregnancy.
The cases described are the most difficult, however, periods during pregnancy may be triggered by infection. In such a situation, it is necessary to pass tests for possible diseases and undergo a course of treatment.
Unfortunately, after infection increases the risk of problems with rejection or development of the fetus, another bleeding may occur during pregnancy, so you need to carefully follow all the recommendations of the doctor all 9 months.
Sometimes menstruation through the fetus is caused by uterine myoma. When a similar problem occurs, the doctor prescribes maintenance therapy before delivery to minimize any risk from treatment. In rare cases, an emergency caesarean section is made after the 32nd week, if there is constant bleeding during pregnancy or myoma is strongly pressing on the fetus.
In the later periods, menstruation during pregnancy can signal placental abruption. In this case, the patient is placed in the hospital and receive the necessary treatment - they are saturated with vitamins, protected from stress, and special medications are given.
Can there be monthly during pregnancy
Usually the egg leaves the ovary in the middle of the cycle. This moment is called ovulation. Some women have early ovulation, others have late. In the latter case, between the release of the egg and the beginning of the next menstruation takes less time.
In conditions if sexual intercourse occurs closer to the beginning of the next cycle, the ovum is implanted into the endometrium late, the hormone production process is delayed - and the menstruation begins. This is the case when the monthly "go through the fruit."
If the woman's body is strong and the uterus is healthy, the pregnancy is preserved, and the next menstruation does not come. This situation is not so rare and is not regarded as a threat.
Normal periods during this period also occur in the following cases:
- if the eggs mature at the same time in the two ovaries, but only one of them is fertilized - in this case, the second comes out together with the monthly,
- if a woman has an imbalance of hormones and hormonal changes are delayed - in this case menstruation may go more than once, but this condition must be corrected for the normal development of the fetus,
- if there is a doubling or double-headed uterus - with this congenital abnormality, the fetus may develop in one organ or its branch, in the other the endometrium will accumulate and come out with menstruation.
For menstruation, you can also take spotting bleeding, which sometimes accompany the process of implantation of the ovum. This happens about a week or two after ovulation and may coincide with the expected date of menstruation.
Video: Dr. Elena Berezov's story about the timing and signs of implant bleeding, differences from menstruation
It turns out that normal periods can pass at the very beginning after conception a maximum of once. Discharge with blood at this time is not menstruation, but bleeding. It threatens the life of the woman and the fetus.
By the nature of bleeding and the date of occurrence, you can roughly determine the cause of their appearance:
- Ectopic pregnancy (cervical or tubal) is determined by lower abdominal pain, weakness, and sometimes - fever. Analyzes on hCG in this condition often show normal. Bleeding indicates rupture of the fallopian tube or cervix. The condition is urgent, threatens the life of a woman due to massive blood loss. Чтобы не допустить подобной угрозы при положительном тесте лучше обратиться к врачу и на УЗИ определить расположение плодного яйца,
- Частичная или полная отслойка плаценты или плодного яйца. На ранних сроках идет речь об отслойке плодного яйца. Кровотечение такое часто заканчивается выкидышем. As the placenta develops during exercise, partial or complete detachment of the placenta may occur. In the first case, the process is accompanied by pulling pains and thinning secretions, threatens the health of the fetus, but is corrected with the use of medicines and strict observance of bed rest. With complete detachment, the expectant mother risks her life, and the fetus often does not survive. The probability of his rescue depends on the duration of the pregnancy and the speed of assistance,
- Pathology of the fetus, not compatible with life. When an embryo and amniotic fluid is infected, severe genetic changes may cause the fetus to not survive. If it dies, the process of rejection of the placenta and expulsion of the fetus often begins. This situation also threatens the life of the mother.
Any vaginal bleeding during pregnancy should be considered a threat. If it is detected, take immediate action:
- Immediately call an ambulance or call the gynecologist,
- Lie on a flat surface on your back, lift your legs higher, and under the buttocks, put a roller out of the blanket,
- Put a hot water bottle on your belly,
- Do not drink water and do not take medicine before the ambulance arrives.
Strict adherence to these recommendations can save the life of you and the unborn baby.
How to distinguish menstruation from bleeding
Suddenly begun menstruation in early pregnancy plunges many women into shock. Therefore, future moms have a lot of experiences and questions: whether periods during this period are possible, why early bleeding can occur and how dangerous it can be.
After all, it's no secret that bleeding occurs when normal or abnormal pregnancy is interrupted. Another cause may be cervical erosion, the mucosa of which may bleed due to increased blood flow.
Bleeding up to 12 weeks can be as smearing, scanty, and abundant, with the content of clots. Very often they are accompanied by pain sensations of varying intensity in the lower abdomen or lower back.
However, only on these grounds it is impossible to make an accurate diagnosis, since the manifestations of the same pathology are purely individual for each woman.
How to determine bleeding or menstruation?
Pregnancy excretions are slightly different in duration and consistency than during normal periods.
Unlike menstruation, when bleeding shorten the time between secretions (they can last from 10 days or more). At the same time, there is a significant increase in blood volume and the development of anemia in a woman.
Lack of progesterone hormone production
With a reduced level of progesterone in women are observed following symptoms: headache, fatigue, irritability, swelling of the chest and abdomen, weight gain up to 4 kg and more, pain during menstruation.
Progesterone doctor called pregnancy hormone. It secretes the corpus luteum, but when conception does not occur, the corpus luteum dies, menstruation begins within twelve or fourteen days.
When pregnancy occurs, the corpus luteum produces progesterone up to 16 weeks, then the placenta itself begins to produce hormones. In the normal course of pregnancy, progesterone should increase.
Reducing its level can lead to abortion and early miscarriages, so pregnant women are immediately prescribed medication.
The first symptoms of insufficient progesterone levels during pregnancy - This is the appearance of bleeding, weak pain in the lower abdomen. These symptoms are often pregnant women do not pay special attention. But after a while, severe bleeding begins, which is accompanied by cramping attacks, and a spontaneous miscarriage occurs.
In the body of a woman increases the level of male sex hormones, violated hormonal balance. Such a violation leads to the fact that the ovum is not retained in the uterus. There is an abortion in the early stages.
There are bloody discharge, accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen, lower back. At the same time, all indirect signs of pregnancy are weakened - breast engorgement and manifestations of early toxicosis.
but not all pregnanciesthat were accompanied by the development of hyperandrogenism, ended in miscarriage. The timely detection and treatment of this pathology gives a chance to normally endure and give birth to a long-awaited child.
This phenomenon occurs at the time of penetration of a fertilized egg in the wall of the uterus. In many cases, passes unnoticed, but there are insignificant secretions over several hours, in exceptional cases - several days.
Similar bleeding refers to the early signs of pregnancy, even before the delay of menstruation or the use of the test. This is normal for a beginning pregnancy, but the main thing is not to confuse implant bleeding with other types of bleeding.
Any intervention in a woman's body is fraught with negative consequences, and one of the main indicators of health status is the menstrual cycle. For example, the monthly after laparoscopy will show how well the operation went.
Not always bleeding is menstruation, in some cases - are signs of ovulation in women. Read more here.
Danger and complications of menstruation during pregnancy
Expectant mother should be extremely careful to monitor their condition. Any, even very scanty and short-term bleeding from the vagina may be complicated:
- miscarry, that is not treatable,
- fetal death of the fetus,
- development of septic shock and other infectious complications that can develop if there are residues of dead fetal tissue in the uterus,
- development of hemorrhagic shock.
As can be seen from the above, in most cases, the monthly during pregnancy is still dangerous.
The danger is not even the menstruation itself (with the exception of abundant, threatening great blood loss), but its causes. However, there are happy exceptions when this phenomenon does not indicate the presence of any serious pathology.
In any case, pregnant women should consult their gynecologist as soon as possible. for making an accurate diagnosis. And even if the doctor does not find anything threatening the health of the mother and child, a visit to him will allow the woman to be calm during her pregnancy.