Delay in ovarian cyst


Any representative of the fair sex, starting from puberty, may experience such pathology as cystic neoplasms in the ovaries. They can cause discomfort, harm health and prevent normal pregnancy.

Menstruation with an ovarian cyst also changes its character, in some cases, their abnormal course may be the only sign of the development of a tumor in the female sex glands. For this reason, for any deviation of the menstruation cycle from the norm, it is imperative that you seek the assistance of a specialist.

The concept of cysts

A cyst is called a benign tumor located on the surface of the ovary or inside it. It has the form of a capsule, which is filled with liquid.

Ovarian cyst can be of several types, depending on its origin:

  • follicular. This type of neoplasm is formed from an immature germ cell, which does not exit the follicle, but remains in the capsule, where fluid begins to accumulate,
  • dermoid It is formed in the course of intrauterine development of the fetus from the embryo cells. In addition to the fluid, it contains skin cells, glands, hair, bones, cartilage and teeth,
  • paraovarial. Tissue appendage above the ovary takes part in its formation.
  • luteal. This type of cyst is formed from a regressing corpus luteum under the influence of gestagens,
  • endometrioid. It is formed from endometrial cells, which for various reasons reached the ovary and began to grow on it in the form of capsules with dark chocolate secretion.

Since the ovaries are directly involved in all menstruation processes, they produce female sex hormones and contribute to the maturation of the egg, it is natural that the formation of any growth on them can cause disruption of the menstruation cycle.

The regularity of menstruation, their color, consistency, accompanying symptoms may change, but if there is too long a delay, then apart from a cyst, the onset of pregnancy or gynecological and endocrine diseases should not be ruled out.

The impact of different types of cysts on the cycle

The presence of tumors on the gonads, depending on their type, may have different effects on the menstrual cycle:

  • when follicular nature of the tumor is formed in the body of an immature egg, which provokes the absence of ovulation and prolonged delayed regul. Menstruation may be late for a week, or even a month, with pain in the lower abdomen. After a long delay, prolonged periods may begin
  • when a functional tumor is self-healing in the menstrual flow, clots of its lining may be present, but in most cases the tumor is asymptomatic and invisible to the woman,
  • endometrial neoplasm often disrupt the cycle. The delay is triggered by a hormonal imbalance, it can last a week or even more than a month. At the same time a scanty bloody secret is secreted from the vagina, pains in the perineum and lower back are felt. After the arrival of the regul can be very abundant and long
  • with luteal tumor, which forms in the yellow body, there is also a delayed regul. Additionally, false signs of pregnancy (nauseous, dizzy, body mass and mammary glands, changes in gastronomic addictions) may appear.

What happens to the cyst in menses

With the appearance of cysts in the ovaries, not only the sensations of the woman before and after the regulation, but also the menstrual cycle as a whole, change. Shortly before menstruation from the side where the cyst was formed, painful sensations appear that have a aching character accompanied by a feeling of heaviness. Pains are intensified and aggravated during intercourse, also intimacy and physical exertion can provoke torsion of the legs of the cyst or of the ovary itself.

A woman who has been diagnosed with a tumor in the organs of the reproductive system must be wary of sharp bends, turns, weight lifting and any sudden movements that could provoke a change in the position of a cyst or the whole organ, or their rupture.

During regulars, the presence of a neoplasm provokes increased pain. The tumor can press on the ovary itself, and at its large size, and on nearby organs, including the urethra and intestines. A woman often goes to the toilet, feels bloated and rumbling in the stomach, she is often tormented by constipation or, conversely, frustration.

After menstruation, the tumor may disappear altogether, it will be invisible even on ultrasound, but only if it was triggered by a malfunctioning of the ovary and a delayed sex cell in the follicle.

If there is an endometrioid cyst, then after regul, it only temporarily reduces its activity and reduces the intensity of discomfort in the lower abdomen. After a certain period, all the unpleasant symptoms of the neoplasm will begin to activate again.

In the presence of tumors may be delayed menstruation. At this time, against the backdrop of hormonal imbalance, there is active tumor growth. If there is a long delay of menstruation due to an ovarian cyst, the pain in the lower abdomen on the part of the affected organ will increase

Loop recovery

As soon as the woman has a delay, she immediately begins to torment the question of how to cause menstruation and return the previous regularity of the cycle. If the cause of imbalance was a cyst, then first of all you need to normalize the hormones. In the case of a follicular neoplasm, a specialist initially chooses a wait-and-see tactic, but if it does not resolve itself after several cycles, then drug therapy can be applied. In each case, the doctor selects an individual treatment, but the following drugs turned out to be the most effective in combating benign neoplasms:

  • Duphaston. These tablets increase the concentration of progesterone, which helps the maturation of the egg. After it is canceled, estrogens begin to be intensively produced, which contributes to the development of the germ cell and the detachment of the endometrium,
  • Utrozhestan. The effect of this drug is akin to Duphaston,
  • Disenorm. This is a homeopathic remedy, which is based on bee venom and backroom meadow. Its action is aimed at normalizing the cycle and reducing pain during menstruation,
  • vitamins C and E. This vitamin kit affects the secretion of hormones. With a deficiency of these vitamins, hormonal imbalance is always observed. To compensate for their deficiency will help decoctions of parsley seeds, nettle leaves, as well as receiving ascorbic acid. At the same time, the arrival of the regulator is accelerated in the presence of a neoplasm without obvious harm to the reproductive system organs.

Only a follicular cyst has a hormonal nature and is amenable to medical treatment, so it is very important to choose the right therapy initially, so as not to aggravate the situation.

If the method of treatment is chosen correctly, the menstrual flow may begin while taking the above-mentioned drugs. In this situation, the reception of funds is terminated, the woman is tested for hormones, and judging by their results, oral contraceptives are prescribed.

Some experts in the treatment of functional cysts choose the tactics of rest for the ovaries and immediately appoint oral contraceptives without interruption. Menstruation with this method of treatment is missing for several months in a row and begins only after discontinuation of drugs.

Monthly after cyst removal

Since a cyst can cause serious problems with women's health, experts most often recommend its removal. Typically, this is done using the laparoscopic method, which provides a sparing effect and quick rehabilitation.

Surgical intervention should not disrupt the work of the ovaries, and therefore the period normally come in normal time without delay and premature violation of the term.

Laparoscopy is usually carried out in the second phase of the cycle, or for seven or eight days after the start of menstruation, in order to track the release of matured germ cells. This means that the regs should come two to three weeks after surgery. Under the influence of stress due to treatment, anesthesia and surgery, it is assumed that menstruation will occur in 1-1.5 months.

After the intervention, it is necessary to monitor the nature of the menstrual flow in order to timely determine the presence of postoperative complications. Too much discharge during menstruation can be a sign of uterine bleeding, which requires immediate medical attention.

After the operation, the periods will be a little more abundant than usual, additionally, there may be pain from the operated ovary and small lumps in the discharge.

If, after laparoscopy, the menstrual flow has an unpleasant smell or an unusual color, large clots appear in them, and the woman has a fever - this may be a sign of infection, which means that you should immediately seek medical help.

To recover quickly after surgery, you need to observe sexual and physical rest for a month and drink vitamins. You can plan a pregnancy six months after surgery.

Can an ovarian cyst come out with monthly

This can really happen in the case when the cyst has follicular origin. When the hormones are normalized under the influence of drugs, the neoplasm can dissolve along with its contents. The process of exiting the cyst along with the regula is very easy to track, as the nature of the monthly changes. An unusual clot can be seen in the discharge, which is the wall of the cystic capsule. And the secret itself has a more liquid consistency and a bit lighter in shade.

Endometriosis and multiple tumors are initially treated with hormonal drugs. If the treatment is ineffective, then surgery is prescribed to prevent the tumor from rupture or its transformation into a malignant one. In any case, only the treating gynecologist can choose the correct treatment tactics.

What is an ovarian cyst and how is it formed?

Cystic disease is a benign tumor that is formed due to the influence of various factors. It can be located outside or inside the ovary and is a bag filled with fluid. This is not always a serious disease, although it should be monitored.

If the formation is caused by a malfunction of the internal organs, or more precisely, a malfunction of the ovaries, then such a cyst is called “functional” because its appearance is caused by unstable functioning. Such a cyst can affect the regularity of the menstrual cycle.

  • Follicular cyst. During the menstrual cycle, a follicle forms in the ovary, in which eggs develop. During ovulation, the egg leaves it, which is often accompanied by insignificant pain. But if the shell does not break, the egg can not get out and fluid accumulates in the follicle. Delayed menstruation is caused by a violation of the hormonal cycle and can last from 5 to three weeks.
  • Luteal cyst (cyst of the corpus luteum). This type of formation may contain blood. When the egg leaves the follicle, the neoplasm stimulates the production of the hormone “progesterone”, which is the reason for the delay.

Cystic disease is usually characterized by the presence of various associated symptoms. So, with follicular formation, there is a failure in the duration of menstruation (up to 7 days), as well as regular delays. Bleeding with this disease is profuse and is accompanied by pain in the ovaries.

In the presence of luteal cyst, the symptoms are somewhat different:

  • Breast pain,
  • Pulling pain in lower abdomen,
  • Nausea,
  • Various signs of false pregnancy.

There are other forms of the disease in which no symptoms are observed, that the number of menstruation is not delayed, and the cycle is not disturbed:

  1. Dermoid
  2. Paraovarian cyst is formed from the appendages that are located above the organ. This form of the disease is observed in patients aged 20 to 40 years, the tumor has an oval shape and is covered with a grid of small vessels. The ovaries are not involved in pathology.
  3. Endometrioid is usually characterized by the presence of foci.
  4. A mucous cyst can grow to a large size or go into a malignant tumor.

With this form of cystic disease, a cycle delay is also possible, but in this way the cyst appears quite rarely.

Diagnosis and treatment

Often, delayed menstruation is the only sign of cyst development on the ovaries. It is impossible to establish the presence of this disease only by the symptoms, an ultrasound examination is necessary. The gynecologist determines the nature of the appearance of the neoplasm, prescribes the direction for tests, and prescribes the necessary treatment.

Neoplasm caused by dysfunction should be monitored regularly. Most often, the cyst resolves and disappears naturally. When the disease causes severe menstruation or is accompanied by various pain and symptoms, medication is prescribed. The specialist prescribes hormonal drugs used according to an individual scheme. In severe cases, the cyst is removed by surgery, after which the patient needs a small course of recovery.

Regardless of the type of cystic disease and the reasons for its occurrence, it is important to immediately contact the antenatal clinic. It is likely that the cyst will disappear without a trace, but there are also serious problems when the tumor grows and negatively affects the blood circulation. In order to avoid the development of concomitant diseases or deterioration of health, it is extremely not recommended to resort to self-treatment.

Positive pregnancy test

In order not to create misunderstandings and erroneous opinions, for what reasons a pregnancy test shows a positive result, it is important to know all the causes of this phenomenon. This does not always mean the fact of pregnancy, because in some situations a woman can be sure that there is no pregnancy, and the test shows the opposite.

So, what are the reasons:

  • Incorrect use of pregnancy test. Use at least 3 tests with a small time difference - whether it is two days.
  • Unsuitable test, indicates the expiration date, deformed packaging, violation of the rules of storage.
  • Testing after a short period of time after sexual intercourse can also show a positive result.
  • The use of various birth control pills or drugs.
  • Unstable menstrual cycle rarely shows the correct result, if failures are observed regularly, the use of the test is meaningless.
  • Pathology or dysfunction of the ovaries.
  • In an ectopic pregnancy, testing also indicates pregnancy, but does not establish the fact of pathology.

Can a cystic neoplasm be misleading and indicate a false positive result? It can be concluded that the presence of an ovarian cyst does not affect the result of pregnancy testing, but may be related to this, for example, when a cystic disease has a functional nature along with a serious ovarian pathology.

Causes of delayed menses

The menstrual cycle is a periodic process of the reproductive function of the female body. The normal cycle duration varies from 21 to 35 days, depending on the individual characteristics. The average period is considered to be 28 days, and the countdown begins on the first day of menstruation.

But the most important point is regularity. The first 1 - 2 years, the frequency may be violated, it is considered normal. Hormonal balance of the girl is just beginning to set. In a more mature, or even “experienced” age, the delay in menstruation is an adverse factor.

It is worth considering various causes of delayed menstruation in order to fully understand whether this is a symptom of cyst formation or is caused by other factors:

  • Ovarian dysfunction is not a specific disease, it is a fact of irregularity of the menstrual cycle. But what exactly caused the unstable work of the ovaries, the specialist will find out after inspection and diagnosis.
  • Overstrain, stress or neurosis give the brain a signal that the environment for the birth of offspring is unfavorable, and therefore the body responds, resulting in monthly instability. Here, a simple and affordable solution will be a full sleep, rest. And if necessary - a visit to the psychologist.
  • Physical activity is able to energize and heal the body, but with excessive physical work, including increased training, the specifics of work, the menstrual cycle can be broken. But it should be understood that we are talking about an excess of physical activity, and not about fitness or morning jogging.
  • Акклиматизация нередко становится стрессом для организма. Резкая смена климата, излишнее пребывание на солнце, злоупотребление солярием – все это может задержать месячные. Важно следить за организмом и помнить, что все хорошо в меру.
  • Избыточный вес. Subcutaneous fat accumulates not only slags, but also female hormones, which leads to hormonal imbalance. Naturally, this causes a delay.
  • Intoxication of the body - this can occur with the abuse of tobacco, alcohol, drugs, as well as taking drugs or working in chemical plants.
  • Heredity rarely affects the regularity of the cycle, but such facts were still established. Whether such a fact could have affected or not will be suggested by close relatives: mother, grandmother or sister.
  • Gynecological diseases. It is important to understand that it is possible to establish exactly which disease causes a cycle failure only through personal consultation. As general information, we can highlight such diseases as tumor diseases, inflammatory processes, infectious diseases, improperly established spiral.

There are other, more rare causes that are expressed from the instability of the menstrual cycle, above are only the most common.

Delayed menstruation after an ovarian cyst

From time to time every woman faces minor irregularities in the menstrual cycle. But in some cases, delay and other changes in the cycle are a symptom of cystic ovarian formation. Sometimes this is the only sign of cyst development, so for the timely detection of the disease in case of cycle violations, it is necessary to undergo an examination by a gynecologist.

What types of cystic formations cycle is broken?

Failures of the menstrual cycle cause not all types of cysts. Some of them develop without any noticeable symptoms. The most frequently observed are menstrual delays in ovarian cysts of a functional nature. These include follicular and luteal cysts.

Other types of cystic neoplasms (dermoid, endometrioid, paraovarial cysts) can also cause menstrual disorders, but this occurs much less frequently.

A follicular ovarian cyst is formed from an unlocked follicle containing an egg cell. As the cyst increases in size, hormones are produced in the female body that prevent the onset of menstruation. The delay in menstruation with a cyst can be from 5 to 21-25 days. It should be noted that a delay of more than 5 days should be a reason to visit a doctor. During menstruation, a cyst provokes more heavy and prolonged bleeding than usual. Monthly with an ovarian cyst can be irregular and painful for 2-3 months, and then the formation disappears. But sometimes the cyst continues to develop and grow, and then cycle disorders can last longer.

The luteal cyst of the ovary develops from the cells of the corpus luteum, which is formed on the site of a bursting follicle. This type of neoplasm produces gestagens - hormones necessary for the preservation of pregnancy and the preparation of the uterus for the introduction of the embryo. In the absence of conception, the corpus luteum disappears, but if a cyst is formed from it, the gestagens prevent the onset of menstruation. In addition to the delay of menstruation, this type of cyst can also manifest itself in the form of a pulling pain in the abdomen, pain in the breasts, bleeding outside of menstruation. But it should be noted that most often the cyst of the yellow body develops asymptomatically. During menstruation, a cyst also usually does not manifest itself. The luteal cyst disappears spontaneously after several cycles.

Treatment of menstruation with ovarian cyst

In identifying a functional cyst that caused a menstrual cycle, special treatment is not always prescribed. Since this type of neoplasm in most cases safely disappears without any intervention, doctors most often just watch the development of the cyst.

However, when a cyst provokes serious disruptions of the menstrual cycle (long delays, complete absence of menstruation, very painful menstruation) and manifests itself in the form of other disturbing symptoms, the patient may be prescribed hormonal contraceptives that will allow to normalize the cycle. As a rule, the effectiveness of hormonal therapy is assessed no earlier than 3 months after the start of the drug.

If treatment with hormonal agents does not give the desired effect, and the cyst does not disappear and continues to grow in size, it is surgically removed, usually using laparoscopy. Some types of cysts are subjected to surgical removal immediately, and hormone therapy is prescribed after surgery. In the overwhelming majority of cases, the menstrual cycle and reproductive function are quickly restored.

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Delayed menstruation for ovarian cysts

With a slight delay in menstruation, any woman came across. The first thought that arises in this case is whether there is a pregnancy. In fact, not always the delay of menstruation is associated with the onset of pregnancy. Quite often there is a delay in menstruation with ovarian cyst. Sometimes it is the only symptom of the disease.

Important: if the pregnancy test with a delayed menstruation is negative, it is necessary to consult a doctor.

Follicular cyst

This type of formation develops from a follicle that does not burst in time and contains an egg cell. In response, hormones begin to be produced, which delay menstruation. With an ovarian follicular cyst, the delayed menstruation can last from 5 to 21-25 days. Then menstruation begins, bleeding in which more profuse and prolonged than usual. As a rule, the cavity disappears after a few months on its own, leaving no consequences. But if it continues to grow, then delays can last longer.

Luteal cyst

They may also be disturbed by general malaise, an increase in the abdomen (for large cystomas). If the cystic tumor is complicated by torsion of the leg, hemorrhage or rupture, the pain becomes very strong, cramping, radiating to the rectum. Often there is dizziness, skin pallor and sweating appear.

Important: if these symptoms occur, you should immediately seek help.

What to do if during the ovarian cyst lasts monthly

If the menstruation has not come in due time, it is necessary to do a pregnancy test. Whatever the result, you need to consult a doctor, because ectopic pregnancy can be one of the reasons for the delay. It is not necessary to self-medicate, as some procedures may cause a rapid growth of a cystic tumor or its complication.

With a delay in menstruation, you need to do a pregnancy test.

Treatment of delayed menstruation in ovarian cystomas

Delayed menstruation with ovarian cysts is a frequent occurrence. But let this disease take its course. If the examination reveals that the abdominal mass is functional, then hormonal contraceptives are prescribed to normalize the monthly cycle. They should be used according to a special scheme. With the correct appointment of the monthly come in time, and the cyst will decrease in size or disappear. If hormone therapy for several cycles does not lead to resorption of the cyst, then it is removed promptly.

For other benign cystic formations of the ovary, they are first removed surgically, and then hormones and vitamins are prescribed. In most cases, the menstrual cycle is restored, as is the reproductive function. Usually, laparoscopy is performed to remove a cystoma. After this operation, the recovery period takes about 2 weeks.

After excision of education, it is subjected to histological and cytological examination as a matter of urgency. If it turns out to be benign, then the ovary is restored. In the case of the malignant nature of the tumor, the volume of the operation is expanded (laparotomy is done), all appendages and nearby lymph nodes are removed. Young women sometimes remove appendages on one side only, so that pregnancy can occur later. In women older than 45 for malignant cystadenomas, along with excision of the ovaries and tubes, hysterectomy is performed.

It should be noted that malignant cystic tumors are much less benign. Therefore, do not panic if an ovarian cyst is found during a delay in menstruation.

Sources: http://www.wjtoday.ru/zaderzhka-mesyachnyx-pri-kiste-yaichnika/, http://kakmed.com/14560/kista-zaderzhka/, http://lechim-pochki.ru/zaderzhka- mesyachnyih-pri-kiste-yaichnika

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Delay of menstruation with ovarian cyst: symptoms and treatment methods

Delayed menstruation for ovarian cysts

With a slight delay in menstruation, any woman came across. The first thought that arises in this case is whether there is a pregnancy. In fact, not always the delay of menstruation is associated with the onset of pregnancy. Quite often there is a delay in menstruation with ovarian cyst. Sometimes it is the only symptom of the disease.

Important: if the pregnancy test with a delayed menstruation is negative, it is necessary to consult a doctor.

Monthly with ovarian cyst: delay, abnormalities, how to cause

Ovarian cyst and menses are closely interrelated. The tumor has a lot of different symptoms, one of them is the changing nature of menstruation.

Ovarian cyst is a common benign neoplasm that occurs in women of childbearing age. Among other diseases of the female genital tract takes the second place after infectious and inflammatory processes.

The essence of the disease and the effect on menstruation

Ovarian cyst is formed for various reasons, most often it is caused by hormonal imbalances in the body, less often - endometriosis of the uterus or cancer.

Monthly with an ovarian cyst may be more painful, be with clots, brown or dark.

The follicular neoplasm under the influence of hormones appears in the second half of the cycle, when ovulation is to occur. The dominant follicle, from which the ovum leaves in the process of ovulation, is not broken due to hormonal disruption, but continues to grow.

There is a cyst of the corpus luteum, the process of its formation is similar to the follicular one, only under the influence of progesterone does not grow the dominant follicle, but the corpus luteum, which is formed at the site of its rupture.

In the case of an endometriotic cyst, the uterine endometrial cells are transferred to the ovary, and in the case of a paraovarial cyst, the appendage is also involved in the pathological process.

Whatever type of cystic change of the appendage is diagnosed, menstruation always changes its character. Because of the neoplasm on the ovary, an obstacle to the normal course of ovulation is created. It may be completely absent or occur irregularly. Thus, the monthly with a cyst proceed differently than with a healthy reproductive system.

The nature of the month with new types of tumors

1. With a follicular cyst, menstruation comes with a delay; in some months it may not be present at all. Painful sensations are observed both on the first day and throughout the whole month. There is a feeling of distention in the abdomen, frequent urge to urinate and defecate due to squeezing of internal organs. There are also abdominal cramps. The intensity of discharge is abundant, often with blood clots. At the beginning and at the end may have a brown color. The duration of menstruation usually exceeds a week. At the same time in the last days of the allocation of scarce, obscure. If the sex hormones are not in excess, but they, on the contrary, are not enough, then the discharge becomes scarce. Sometimes until complete elimination of the disease occurs persistent amenorrhea (absence of menstruation).

Since follicular cysts often do not require conservative or surgical treatment, they pass on their own within 1-2 cycles, and abnormal periods pass quickly and normalize.

2. In the case of an endometrial cyst, uterine endometrial cells spread to the ovary, forming a brown-colored tumor (therefore, it is called “chocolate”). Discharge from the external genital tract begins a few days before menstruation, their color varies from yellowish-beige to brown. Monthly come plentiful, as the number of epithelial cells and burst blood vessels increases. Due to the fact that the entire endometrium can not go for a short time, then prolonged menstruation increases to 7-9 days. In addition to the standard symptoms (abdominal pain, general weakness and malaise), body temperature may increase, nausea and diarrhea may be present. This is due to the occurrence of inflammation in endometriosis.

3. With a yellow body cyst, menstruation may not be present at all, as there is an excess of progesterone in the body. This condition is similar to pregnancy, since the corpus luteum and this hormone support gestation.

The basal temperature during ovarian and yellow body cyst does not rise above 36.8 degrees, while its normal value is 37.1 degrees. If the monthly come, they are scarce, lasting 3-4 days. Pain, however, is present.

What happens to the cyst during menstruation

Before menstruation, the neoplasm under the influence of hormones increases in size. Due to squeezing of the ovary, the pain intensifies, radiating to the leg or lower back. During intercourse, unpleasant sensations increase, and can subsequently become a constant companion, reducing the quality of life.

Follicular cyst during menstruation in some cases goes along with the egg, with other types of tumors this does not occur, they only decrease in size, and the symptoms become less pronounced.

During menstruation there is a risk of torsion of the cyst stem and its rupture. Therefore, if there is a decrease in blood pressure, acute pain in the lower abdomen, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, this is a reason to immediately contact a medical institution for a qualified diagnosis.

How to cause menstruation with ovarian cyst at home

If the cystic neoplasm has not resolved on its own, the doctor prescribes hormonal preparations to normalize the menstrual cycle, such as Duphaston, Utrogestan, some oral contraceptives.

Also effective intake of vitamins - C, B, A, E according to the scheme determined by the doctor. But this method of treatment has a significant disadvantage - it takes a long time, from 3 to 6 months.

Of the folk methods for the beginning of menstruation, it is most preferable to receive a decoction of nettle, parsley, sage or boron uterus. These herbs will accelerate the arrival of menstruation.

Whatever treatment for a cyst is chosen, it should be prescribed only by a doctor after a full diagnosis. Self-medication can harm not only the reproductive system of a woman, but also have a negative impact on her overall health.