Breast ultrasound and menstruation, it would seem that can link these definitions? Menstruation is a natural physiological phenomenon, normal for a healthy female body. Ultrasonography also refers to medical research conducted with the help of a special apparatus. However, every specialist in the field of medicine knows that on what days of a woman’s monthly cycle a diagnostic examination is performed on an ultrasound scan, it depends on how accurate the results will be. This is especially true of breast ultrasound, as the correctly selected period can clarify many situations related to the health of this organ.
Is it possible to do ultrasound after menstruation
As a rule, breast ultrasound should be done from 4th to 14th day of the menstrual cycle, preferably on the first day after menstruation. It is in this period that the female breast looks better, which makes it possible to notice any changes in the pathological nature of the gland at an early stage of development. This period is of particular importance for identifying tumors of a benign or malignant nature, since the choice of methods for further treatment depends on the early diagnosis of these diseases.
When is better to do: before or after
In order for the results of the ultrasound examination to be more accurate and to allow a closer look at the slightest deviations in the structure of the mammary gland, it is important that at the time of the study there was no increase in hormonal release. It is known that before each menstruation changes occur in the breast, it swells and, as it were, begins to prepare for a possible pregnancy. Breast glands at this point increase in size, their sensitivity increases. During this period of hormonal adjustment during the examination, small details can be overlooked; therefore, gynecologists recommend breast examination after menstruation.
In the first phase of the menstrual cycle, the milk ducts are in the most narrowed state. At this point, ultrasound can easily detect the occurrence of seals that expand the ducts, which is not typical for this phase. Extended areas of the ducts become very visible and can be easily detected even if the tumor does not exceed 0.5 cm.
The second phase of the menstrual cycle is characterized by dilated milk ducts and it is very difficult to detect any changes in them even with the help of special equipment.
When to do breast ultrasound after menstruation
To the question “how many days after menstruation do breast ultrasound,” there is a definite answer. The best period for carrying out such a procedure falls on the first days after menstruation, from the 4th to the 14th day of the cycle. Chest examination these days is carried out with the following indications:
- an examination of the gynecologist’s admission revealed an increase in axillary lymph nodes,
- changes in the skin on the breast in the form of desquamation and inverted areas,
- pain in the breasts, or in one of them,
- raising arms shows pits and irregularities in the chest.
Breast ultrasound during menstruation
The timing of breast exam depends largely on the situation. Sometimes it is necessary to carry out diagnostics as soon as possible, without waiting for favorable days in the monthly cycle of the woman. As practice has shown, it is advisable not delaying to do an ultrasound examination of the mammary glands during menstruation in the following cases:
if there is severe swelling or areas with hyperemia on the skin of the mammary glands,
- the alleged formation of a cyst in order to examine its contents, whether there is a fluid or cyst with a dense uniform filling,
- in order to observe the dynamics of an increase or decrease in cysts,
- determination of the nature and nature of papillomas located on the chest,
- If the mammogram results showed an atypical state of the mammary gland, it is necessary to determine the nature of the detected neoplasm (cyst or tumor).
Also, often the procedure for examining the mammary glands during menstruation with the help of ultrasound is done in atypical situations that exclude changes directly to them, namely:
after surgery with the installation of breast implants,
- suspected mastitis after childbirth
- when choosing a hormonal contraceptive,
- after injury of the chest in the location of the chest,
- in case of gynecological disorders caused by dysfunction in the ovaries.
Examination of the breast in order to detect a tumor in the second phase of the menstrual cycle is impractical, since at this time the ducts in it are enlarged and do not allow to get truthful results. Therefore, as a rule, if there are suspicions of existing tumors in the breast, whether they are malignant or benign, ultrasound is performed at the very beginning of the menstrual cycle, better on the first day of menstruation.
Breast ultrasound before critical days
In the case when it is necessary to determine the nature of the changes that occurred due to the fault of hormonal disorders, breast ultrasound is done in the middle of the menstrual cycle, in its second phase. You also can not postpone the visit to the gynecologist, or even better to contact a mammologist if symptoms occur, unusual for earlier. If you feel chest pain, burning, swelling, it is better to contact a specialist immediately. It is also necessary to do an ultrasound of the mammary glands before menstruation in the case when they contain seals, asymmetrically located nipples or discharge from them.
Features of the ultrasound with mastopathy
One of the main methods for the diagnosis of mastopathy is ultrasound, which is carried out in the first half of the menstrual cycle. The reason for the study is most often the occurrence of a painful symptom. Most often, when patients complain about pain in the gland, it is possible to determine the presence of this particular disease - fibrocystic mastopathy. The result obtained after diagnosis on ultrasound reveals the existing seal in the connective tissue, a slight expansion of the milky ducts and cysts of a small size. However, the changes in the mammary glands of different women are individual and may differ in nature.
Ultrasound allows you to confirm the existing pathological process and after the final diagnosis to determine treatment. Also, this kind of diagnostics will allow you to track the effectiveness of the treatment area used in mastitis and identify indications for surgery.
In conducting the study with mastopathy, there are no features, it is a harmless and painless simple procedure, which consists of the usual steps. A special gel is applied to the chest area, after which the structure of the gland is studied using a movable sensor. Based on the results of the study, a conclusion is made that can be recorded on a disk if necessary.
For the diagnosis of mastopathy, the ultrasound procedure is necessary, as it allows you to monitor the effectiveness of treatment. Ultrasound diagnosis does not bring any harm to health, so it can be used even with mastopathy in pregnant women and during breastfeeding. This is its main difference from mammography, in which a certain proportion of the body's radiation occurs. Therefore, how often an ultrasound scan will be performed is determined by the attending physician, based on the patient's individual indicators.
Despite all the positive aspects of ultrasound, this procedure has some features. The reliability of the result is influenced by the day on which the menstrual cycle is carried out, a breast examination is performed. It is recommended to perform it from day 4 to day 14, when it is possible to obtain more accurate results. At a later date, characteristic changes before ovulation begin to occur in the mammary gland tissues, and its tissues miss the signals of the apparatus worse.
Ultrasound for fibroadenoma
Fibroadenoma is one of the most common tumors formed in the tissues of the breast and having a benign character. Most often it occurs in young women and is a violation in the development of the lobules of the dairy segments. For the diagnosis of this disease, in addition to histological analysis, mammography and ultrasound are used. But it is an ultrasound that allows us to determine what the tumor consists of, whether it is a hollow cyst, or filled with fluid.
Ultrasound allows you to determine the effect of fibroadenomas on nearby tissues, whether it squeezes the milky ducts or just located around them. On the monitor screen, a fibroadenoma looks like a dense, well-defined tumor, with a slow growth that moves freely under the fingers. This is one of its main differences from tumors of a malignant nature, which do not have clear boundaries and are fixed.
Examination of the breast in the presence of fibroadenoma is of great importance, as it allows you to monitor the dynamics of changes in its character.
Diagnosis with the help of ultrasound plays an important role in the ability to determine the initial stage of the disease. Not the last value in the final diagnosis of the timing of the examination regarding the menstrual cycle. But you also need to firmly understand that in the event of critical situations with the identification of pathological conditions in the mammary glands, it is necessary without delay in the course of the day to consult with experts.