There are a lot of ways to get rid of menopause symptoms, some of the women prefer to take pills in the form of hormone therapy, some prefer their homeopathic medicines. But there is another way to cure the symptoms of menopause and improve your condition. Mirena's spiral is not used very often, but this is due to the fact that very few people know about it. If you delve into the study of information about this spiral, you can see that in some cases it is simply necessary for women who are in the age of menopause. In addition to the fact that the helix does not give symptoms of menopause, it also contributes to the treatment of certain gynecological diseases or their prevention.
Spiral Mirena: Description
Mirena's spiral is inserted directly into the woman's uterus, while it is simply inserted, since the spiral has the shape of a t-shape. Due to the content inside the levonorgestrel, a spiral helps prevent the growth of the endometrium, which has a positive effect on the health and condition of the woman. The endometrium begins to grow abnormally, if the body does not have enough estrogen, it is because of the abnormal growth that abundant secretions, mucus and even neoplasms appear in the uterus. Since there is a hormone in Miren, it is automatically released in a certain amount every day, bringing the hormone levels back to normal. This action allows the endometrium to remain smooth and not to grow.
The helix has no effect on the ovaries, so after its use the secretion decreases or disappears altogether. Doctors say that all changes in the body of a woman during menopause are associated with a lack of hormones, especially if there is a lack of estrogen. Of course, some women can use hormone-based drugs to increase the amount of the hormone needed in the body. But there are those women who are contraindicated hormonal drugs, because they can contribute to the emergence of other diseases, even tumors.
During menopause, the amount of estrogen decreases, and thus it predominates over progesterone, so that uterine diseases may appear in the future. For example, endometrial hyperplasia develops due to a lack of a hormone, after which the endometrium begins to grow in size and even provoke cancer.
Use helix for endometriosis and myoma
Also, during menopause, endometriosis can worsen, and Mirena can slow down its development, although not completely cured. When myomas are used, Miren can only be used in special cases if the size of the fibroids allows the insertion of a spiral without causing damage to health. When bleeding is not gynecological in nature, the spiral is able to reduce their intensity or even remove. The main thing is to establish the causes of bleeding.
Why do you need Mirena spiral with menopause?
Since during menopause, hormonal changes occur in a woman’s body, the use of a helix during this period is necessary, because Mirena is able to reduce the chances of various diseases, inflammations and tumors.
But it is also worth noting that Mirena spiral can be used as a method of contraception. Due to the fact that during the premenopausal period hormonal leaps appear, sometimes the reproductive function works as it should, and if it is not protected, fertilization can occur. For such situations, you need to use the Mirena spiral, since it allows you to avoid unwanted pregnancy. However, you need to install the spiral at a certain time, preferably before menstruation, and within 2-3 weeks after installation you need to be protected in some other ways.
Why do you need a spiral during menopause?
During this period, the woman's health deteriorates significantly, especially if she has chronic gynecological diseases. There is a strong hormonal adjustment. In addition to the absence of menstruation, such symptoms are possible:
- headache, sweating,
- constant change of mood
- bloody or brown discharge,
- scanty menstruation or uterine bleeding.
Spotting may be normal, as the endometrium becomes thinner due to estrogen deficiency, and the capillaries become fragile. But they also appear due to pathological processes, such as polyps.
During menopause, estrogen in the blood decreases sharply.
It is a spiral in menopause that helps balance hormone levels and prevents pathological and oncological processes from developing in the uterus.
The spiral during menopause replaces hormonal drugs, it is less harmful to the body. Moreover, it not only makes life easier for menopause, but also protects against unwanted pregnancy.
The spiral is needed by no means everyone. If a woman easily tolerates menopause, she does not have serious gynecological problems that, due to an imbalance of the hormone, can develop into oncology, then resorting to hormone therapy is not necessary.
The main function of the helix during menopause is the normalization of estrogen and progesterone levels, because it is the imbalance of these hormones that leads to a deterioration of health.
The spiral protects against the following pathological processes that can develop during menopause:
- Endometriosis. The spiral stops the growth of cells, causing pain to subside, stop bleeding and reduce the risk of developing fibroids.
- Endometrial hyperplasia. A disease without hormone therapy can develop into cancer. Spiral reduces the effect of estrogen on the endometrium. Symptoms of the disease are gradually reduced.
- Myoma. In menopause, the risk of developing uterine tumors is high. The spiral normalizes hormones and prevents the growth of tumors.
- Uterine bleeding of unidentified nature. Due to the failure of hormones, a woman may experience heavy bleeding. Spiral reduces the amount of secretions and accelerates the onset of postmenopause. In postmenopausal menstruation is stopped forever.
The spiral of menopause prevents the development of inflammation of the uterus, polycystic cysts or cysts, accelerates the completion of the ovaries.
Important. The first two weeks after setting the IUD (intrauterine device), it is necessary to resort to additional methods of contraception.
Navy can not be set always. In the following cases, it is contraindicated:
- acute cardiovascular insufficiency or other diseases of the heart and blood vessels,
- cancers, including breast cancer or cervical cancer,
- inflammatory and infectious diseases of the genitourinary system,
- chronic liver damage, such as hepatitis or cirrhosis,
- renal failure and other severe kidney disease.
In contrast to the hormonal pills, when the helix is set, there are fewer side effects, but the effect of hormones can only strengthen the developing pathological processes.
Even if the doctor allows the IUD, it is necessary to regularly monitor the state of health, when exacerbating diseases immediately remove the spiral.
What spirals to use?
One of the most popular is the Mirena spiral. Active ingredient - progestogen levonorgestrel. It stops the growth of the endometrium in the uterus. Along with this IUD, you can use drugs with estradiol.
Mirena relieves scanty and heavy bleeding during menopause. It stops the growth of fibroids, and sometimes the disease disappears altogether.
In addition Mirena use the following Navy:
- Multiload - is a semi-lug with protrusions for fastening,
- Nova T - plastic T-shaped device,
- Levonova - active ingredient - levonorgestrel.
Also known are Juno Biot spirals and the golden T deOro 375.
Installing the device in the uterine cavity
The IUD is a T-shaped device that is inserted into the uterine cavity. Intrauterine contraceptive is installed before menstruation under local or general anesthesia. The procedure itself lasts up to 10 minutes. The woman feels well, but the month should not be lifted so that the helix does not leave the place and does not grow into the uterine cavity.
A month after the procedure, you need to visit a gynecologist. On re-inspection come in 6 months.
After installing the IUD for 4 months, spotting may occur. This is the norm. After 4 months they stop.
The principle of action on the female body
IUD operates 24 hours a day. Release up to 20 mg of active ingredient. Mirena does not affect the normal functioning of the ovaries, it balances hormones. As a result, the uterine epithelium becomes elastic and smooth, and the endometrium does not thin and grow. He is in the redistribution norm.
Without external hormones, the following occurs:
- The amount of bleeding is reduced.
- The endometrial layer grows, but does not separate, its thickness gradually increases.
- Over time, bleeding occurs, endometriosis or other neoplasms develop.
UPU is valid for 5 years.
Possible consequences of the spiral
The IUD is one of the best methods of hormone therapy to protect against unwanted pregnancy and menopause complications, but there are some drawbacks.
During menopause, the risk of cystic growths in the uterus increases, and the foreign body that is there can aggravate this process. That is, the spiral can cause the development of oncology.
It is because of this that it is necessary to regularly visit a gynecologist for 5 years, even without obvious reasons.
Possible effects of the Navy:
- nausea and vomiting,
- tumor growth,
- ectopic pregnancy,
- weight gain
- ovarian cyst,
- tumors in the mammary glands,
- apathy or irritability.
If the hormonal device has acted, then all the symptoms of menopause will disappear within a month.
The spiral can be put in any gynecological office. The doctor will advise which IUD to use to reduce symptoms and alleviate the condition of the woman.
Mirena Spiral Action
T-shaped device with 2 antennae. In the body of the spiral Mirena is a cavity filled with hormones. The body receives daily equal amounts of progesterone in the form of levonorgestrel - 20 μg. The hormone belongs to the group of gestagens. It prevents the formation of endometrium, the growth of cancer cells. Spiral Mirena balances progestins and estrogens. Does not interfere with the work of the ovaries. Prevents the development of pathological processes in the pelvic organs, reduces the manifestation of menopause. Used as a means of contraception. Especially useful for its action in the initial stage of menopause, when you can still get pregnant. The spiral thickens the discharge, does not allow sperm to penetrate into the uterus. Prevents the development of hyperplasia, endometriosis.
Mirena and uterine myoma
One of the causes of fibroids is hormonal disorders. Chances of a tumor appearing during menopause are high. Uterine fibroids provoke painful, heavy periods, bleeding during menopause. Spiral Mirena levels hormones, prevents the development of tumors or contributes to its reduction. While the usual spiral is contraindicated, Mirena is recommended by doctors for the prevention of many diseases. The tool regulates estrogen, does not allow the endometrium to develop. Scanty menstruation may be present in the first months of treatment, then disappears altogether.
The increased amount of estrogen provokes the growth of fibroids. In the process of extinction of reproductive functions, the amount of estrogen in a woman’s body decreases, but it is replenished with drugs containing synthetic hormone. As a result, the situation with a high rate of estrogen. Spiral allows you to balance this level. Since it contains progesterone, it is possible to use drugs with estradiol. But the doctor should select the scheme of therapy taking into account individual features of an organism. According to women, Mirena copes well with myoma. It remains either at the same level or disappears completely.
Abundant discharge after the installation of the spiral
When using this tool the first 4 months may be spotting, which is the norm in menopause. So the body adapts to the new conditions of existence, hormones stabilize. At the same time, the risk of developing inflammation is high. Often, pathology is the cause of bleeding after the installation of the helix. Firstly, the body is trying to get rid of an alien object, and secondly, hormonal changes. If bleeding occurs, you should consult with a specialist. Even if there are no other alarming symptoms.
How long is the bleeding
When menopause spiral Mirena helps to avoid daub, bloody discharge. The first 2 months may be abundant bleeding if the spiral is placed at the beginning of menopause. But after 4 months everything comes back to normal - there are no discharges or they are too scant. Bleeding lasts 5 to 7 days. After installing the spiral Mirena, the doctor must advise the woman. Tell what consequences await her. When to seek help from gynecologists. In general, you should visit the doctor 2 times a year. And also 1-2 months later after installation of the spiral.
The effects of installing a spiral
At first, there may be side effects. If they are not essential, continue using the remedy. Otherwise, you have to give it up. What could be?
- headache, migraine,
- high blood pressure
- development of a malignant tumor,
- stroke, myocardial infarction,
- fluid retention,
- weight gain
- cysts in the ovaries,
- acne on the skin, allergic reaction,
- breast tenderness,
- emotional instability.
If the body has taken the tool without side effects, the disappearance of the symptoms of menopause can be felt immediately. Passes a headache, excessive sweating, hot flashes, irritability, and other unpleasant manifestations of menopause.
However, there is a second side to the coin. Progesterone contributes to fluid retention, swelling of the legs, weight gain. An allergic rash appears on the skin, acne. There is a constant nausea, an incomprehensible state, a fogged state, laziness appears, apathy. Hair can grow on the face, fall out in bunches on the head. Doctors usually say that the system improves the condition of the hair, skin, less wrinkles appear. If the above symptoms are present, you need to double-check the hormones, consult with experts. You may have to remove it. Negative effect on the body is a lack of hormones and excess. Doctors allow such a negative impact of the system for 3 months. Then the body adapts to the new conditions of existence, the excess weight goes away, and the woman feels healthy again, without side effects, symptoms of menopause.
Mirena's use in menopause
The doctor sets the remedy after a preliminary examination of the woman’s body. The procedure itself does not take much time. Immediately after installation, a woman can leave the gynecologist's office. It is forbidden to lift weights for 2 weeks. Further when using a spiral it is necessary to avoid heavy physical activities. Discharge during menopause are absent. Using Mirena provides for constant monitoring by the gynecologist, the woman herself. When a pink, bloody discharge occurs, you should consult a doctor. The rest of the woman leads a full life.
Using Mirena prevents unwanted pregnancy. In the early years of the extinction of reproductive functions, conception is quite possible. However, it is almost impossible to determine pregnancy by your own feelings - they resemble manifestations of menopause. Menstruation may be absent due to menopause. The pregnancy test is also not as accurate as before. Since the level of hCG in menopause in women is elevated. Corresponds to the first weeks of pregnancy. Thus, a negative test result can mean pregnancy, and a positive one can deny it. Using Mirena allows a woman to have sex without the threat of conception.
The use of Mirena helix during menopause
The period of menopause can significantly affect the woman's body, exacerbating chronic gynecological diseases. Which affect the quality of life of a woman, preventing her from enjoying every day. The use of hormone therapy helps to solve the problems of menopause, and bring back the joy of life. Sometimes hormone therapy is not possible without the installation of the Mirena helix.
Mirena Spiral is sometimes set during menopause.
The use of Mirena helix during menopause
Spiral Mirena is a t - shaped spiral with thin whiskers. The body of the helix has a cavity filled with synthetic progesterone, an analogue of the female sex hormone.Releasing gradually, levonorgestrel (synthetic progesterone) helps to maintain a suppressive effect on the growth of the endometrium for a long time.
When everything is in order in the body, in the middle of the cycle the endometrium thickens, forming a nutrient medium for attaching the egg to the wall of the uterus. But an overabundance of estrogen in the body can trigger an overgrowth of the epithelium, accompanied by abundant secretions. Excessive growth of the endometrium causes the formation of hyperplasia and gynecological tumors in the uterus, making it difficult not only to get pregnant to a woman, but also threatens with the degeneration of cells.
Spiral mirena during menopause helps balance the production of estrogen and progesterone hormones. Daily, 20 mg of levonorgestrel is released from the helix, which makes it possible to effectively act on the uterine epithelium, making it smooth and elastic. The spiral does not interfere with the natural work of the ovaries, and when the period of mucosal replacement in the uterus begins, the discharge becomes negligible, which does not cause any inconvenience to the woman.
T-shaped spiral Mirena is filled inside with a synthetic analogue of the female hormone
Is the hormonal coil able to get rid of all the unpleasant manifestations of menopause?
Reducing the production of sex hormones significantly affects the woman's body. During this period, estrogen production is impaired, which leads to the appearance of various changes that can provoke pathology in the body. Estrogen is the main regulator of chemical processes in the female body, and its deficiency entails major consequences, as well as its excess. That is why you should not take hormones yourself. A woman must consult a specialist.
When estrogen predominates over the production of progesterone in a woman's body can develop:
- Hyperplasia. Hyperplasia is a pathogenic proliferation of endometrial tissue of the surface of the uterus beyond or within it. This overgrowth interferes with the normal functioning of the pelvic organs and the female reproductive system. During menopause, the spiral Mirena helps to get rid of hyperplasia. Its design allows a long-term and regular impact on the endometrium, reducing its activity and structure. The spiral does not disrupt the functioning of the internal organs and normalizes the production of estrogen.
- Endometriosis. The appearance of the disease in the body of a woman contributes to a change in the production of progesterone. Its lack and excessive production of estrogen can cause cell proliferation. A similar disease at the advanced stage can cause cancer. The disease is severe and is accompanied by painful sensations in the pelvic organs, and profuse bleeding, leading to anemia. Endometriosis can worsen during menopause. The use of Mirena spiral during this period has a beneficial effect on the entire intrauterine epithelium and significantly reduces its growth. The gradual release of levonorgestrel can have a positive effect on the endometrium for a long time and minimize the appearance of endometrial cancer.
- Myomatous nodes When climax myomatous nodes can be reduced in size and pain decreases to a minimum. But if the tumor of the fibroids does not decrease in size, then the spiral Mirena will help to get rid of the negative symptoms of its presence. The levenonorgestrel contained in Mirena contributes to the embolization of the large vessels of the myoma node, greatly facilitating the patient's general condition.
- Ectopic bleeding. If Mirena is established in the woman's body, then bleeding of unknown etiology is reduced.
Mirena, established in the uterus, with menopause has a positive effect on the woman's body. Synthetic progesterone helps to maintain hormone production in normal conditions and prevent exacerbation of previously existing gynecological diseases.
Mirena will help reduce the symptoms of myoma nodes: intraparietal, subserous and submucous
The need for preservation during menopause
During menopause, a woman begins the stage of oppression of the ovaries. But hormone production does not disappear at all, and as in puberty, hormonal releases are not uncommon. With such hormonal jumps in the ovary, the egg can mature and attach to the walls of the uterus with a renewed epithelium. In such a period, pregnancy is not uncommon. Therefore, it is very important not to forget about contraception in such a period. A woman doctor may prescribe hormonal drugs in pill form, but not everyone is suitable. Such drugs contain large amounts of hormones, which can aggravate the general condition of the body.
The installation of Mirena spiral during menopause will help to implement safe contraception, without adverse effects on the entire body. The spiral has a long lasting effect and can protect a woman from unwanted pregnancy for about five years.
In addition to all the obvious advantages, there is also a small note on the use of the helix as a contraceptive. After installing the spiral in menopause, it is necessary to use mechanical contraceptives for a period of about two weeks. This is due to the fact that during menopause, the cervical mucus can thicken and the spiral does not act on it instantly.
Mirena will not only ease menopause symptoms, but also prevent unwanted pregnancy.
Before installing the helix during menopause, the doctor must pay special attention not only to the general level of hormones in the blood, but also to pay attention to the state of the mammary glands. After all the necessary research and thorough examination, the doctor can establish a spiral.
This method of contraception has a much better effect on a woman’s body than using hormonal contraceptives in the form of tablets. But the installation of the spiral does not mean that all five years during which she will act, a woman can forget about the doctors. The installation of the helix requires not only careful control at the stage of its introduction, but also throughout the stay inside the uterus. Three to four months after the installation, it is recommended to undergo a primary examination for the presence of cysts. The period of menopause contribute to the development of ovarian cysts, so you need to visit the doctor before the full exit from the menopause.
Mirena is used in menopause to regulate the production of sex hormones and to reduce the risk of gynecological diseases, but its installation may be contraindicated. Cases where the use of Mirena is prohibited:
- Severe forms of diabetes. With the development of the disease, vascular lesions of the reproductive system organs are possible, and additional hormonal effects will encourage the formation of tumors, or cell degeneration. If the doctor decided to alleviate the patient's condition and authorized the installation of the helix, then the patient should be under constant monitoring.
- Cervicitis. Installation of the spiral is impossible in the presence of the inflammatory process.
- Infections of the organs of the excretory system. In the presence of infection in the bladder, the installation of Mirena is contraindicated.
- Severe liver disease.
If the doctor has prescribed you the installation of a spiral to alleviate the condition, do not forget about the constant monitoring. It is necessary to make a routine inspection every three months, this will preclude the development of any pathology, and make the use of the spiral safe.
Climax and its symptoms
The menopause period is the hardest hormonal adjustment. This period is characterized by the following symptoms in the majority of the weaker sex:
- menstruation begins with long delays,
- there are bleeding or spotting,
- mood often changes
- there are headaches and increased sweating.
All this is due to the excessive release of the hormone estrogen, to neutralize the action of which another hormone, progesterone, is vital.
Of course, you can use progesterone in pill form, but many women refuse this option because of side effects and the need to constantly remember to take a pill. In this case, Mirena spiral with menopause is a great option to increase the level of progesterone in the body, as well as to normalize well-being and improve mood during the period of menopause.
Features and properties of Mirena
Mirena, like other contraceptives of this group, is a T-shaped spiral, the body of which is filled with hormones. The shape and porous elastic material of the helix allows it to securely fasten in the uterus and not to cause discomfort even with prolonged use. A contraceptive supplies a woman with a missing dose of progesterone every day in the form of 20 mcg of levonorgestrel. This hormone not only balances the level of estrogen, but also:
- prevents the development of pathological processes in the pelvis,
- reduces the appearance of menopause,
- protects against unwanted pregnancy, which is possible even in menopause.
Indications for use
The main function of the Mirena helix during the beginning of menopause is to improve the quality of life for a woman, to relieve from frequent tides and mood swings. The indications for mounting the helix include:
- Uterine bleeding caused by a failure in the hormonal system. The spiral helps reduce the amount of secretions and accelerate the onset of postmenopause.
- Endometriosis. The proliferation of cells after the installation of the spiral is significantly reduced, and eventually stops altogether.
- Endometrial hyperplasia. The spiral reduces the manifestations of the disease and prevents its malignant transformation.
- Myoma. Mirena normalizes hormone levels and prevents the growth of tumors.
But even with so many positive effects. Mirena is not for everyone. A compulsory procedure before installing it is a complete examination of the body in order to know for sure whether a woman has such contraindications as diabetes, heart, kidney and liver diseases, urinary tract infections, leg vein thrombosis, cancer, as well as inflammation and bleeding. unexplained genesis.
Installation and side effects
The installation of Mirena helix for the correction of menopausal ailments is performed by the gynecologist only after the examination and examination of the woman. This is a short process that does not require hospitalization and any additional manipulations. After leaving the doctor's office, a woman can lead a full life. The only condition is to avoid heavy physical exertion for two weeks after installation.
Mirena has side effects, but most often they disappear after 3-4 months after its installation. During this time, there is a gradual correction of the hormonal background and the woman’s well-being improves significantly.
The installation of the spiral requires constant monitoring by the doctor and the patient. A woman needs to visit a gynecologist at least once every six months. If the side effects have not disappeared, then it is better to stop using Mirena. The following symptoms may be the reason for removing the spiral:
- migraine and headache
- vomiting and dizziness,
- irritability and insomnia
- increased blood pressure, stroke or heart attack,
- uterine bleeding.
Another problem that often occurs after the installation of the spiral is weight gain. The increase in body weight is due to the constant release of progesterone, which retains fluid in the body and causes swelling of the extremities. As the body gets used to the new state, this problem disappears on its own. But if the swelling persists and the weight has increased significantly, then an urgent need to see a doctor.
These problems occur infrequently, most women tolerate the installation of Mirena well and almost immediately feel the disappearance of menopause symptoms. Headaches, sweating and irritability are gone. Over time, the condition of the skin and hair improves, the number of wrinkles decreases.
Mirena is established for a period of 5 years and allows you to forget about contraception and the unpleasant manifestations of menopause at this time. The spiral greatly facilitates the life of a woman, gives her the opportunity to work and enjoy rest, even during menopause.
The mechanism of action of Mirena
Mirena spiral with menopause should be inserted only by a qualified specialist in the uterine cavity of a woman. It is a small device, T-shaped, with a content in its composition of a special hormonal substance - levonorgestrel. This substance belongs to the gestagen group of hormonal substances that have an inhibitory effect on the pathological growth of the endometrial layer in the uterine cavity. In other words, Mirena helps to prevent the development of endometriosis in menopause.
With the normal functioning of the female reproductive system of organs, the functional layer of the endometrium begins its development and increase in size in the middle of the menstrual cycle, with a gradual loosening of its structure.
If there is an excessive secretion of estrogen, then such a level of it can provoke a pathological growth of the functional layer in the endometrium.
This entails the appearance of discharge from the uterus with a bloody character. As well as the abnormal development of the endometrium can lead to the progression of hyperplastic processes or the appearance of tumors of various nature in the uterine cavity.
If Mirena spiral is established during menopause, then the development of the above processes is prevented by balancing the effect of estrogens and progestins on the functionality of the genital organs in the woman's body. Mirena releases 20 mcg of levonorgestrel every 24 hours. That provides such an effect.
Specialists believe that the spiral that helps maintain the state of the endometrial layer in the uterine cavity with a smooth surface and fine structure is an indispensable aid in treating menopause and preserving the health of the female reproductive system.
It is important to note that the Mirena intrauterine device does not prevent the functionality of the ovaries.
Therefore, during the replacement of mucous surfaces in the uterine cavity, characteristic of the premenopausal period of menopause, the amount of bleeding occurs very little or not at all.
Contraceptive functionality of the helix in combination with the activity of levonorgestrel provides a thickening of cervical mucus, which is an insurmountable barrier to spermatozoids heading to mature eggs.
Mirena against menopause pathologies
All pathological processes in the female body that occur with the onset of menopause, provoke a deterioration in the general well-being of women in varying degrees. They arise due to the deficient level of production of sex hormonal substances, the main of which are estrogens, which are involved in almost all physical and chemical processes in the body of women.
According to the general theory of treatment of menopause, it would be possible to reduce all of its manifesting symptoms by providing a constant supply of estrogen to the blood through the direct use of appropriate hormone-containing substances. But hormonal drugs are not allowed to every member of the beautiful half of humanity.
And sometimes, in spite of the existing contraindications, hormonal intake can provoke the development of deadly pathologies, such as a cancer of the endometrium or mammary glands.
Moreover, in the menopausal period, such hormonal disturbances can develop, at which the level of estrogen production, although it decreases, but still their number predominates over the level of progesterones, which can lead to the development of the following pathologies:
- Hyperplastic processes in the endometrial layer, characterized by the proliferation of endometrial tissue under the influence of estrogens, which can turn into malignancy and the subsequent development of a cancerous tumor. The setting of Mirena helix will reduce the intensity of the effect of estrogen on the endometrium. It does not interfere with its positive effect on the functioning of the cardiovascular system, urinary tract, bone tissue and skin.
- Endometriosis - This is a pathological process that develops due to excessive levels of estrogen and deficient progesterone levels. The installation of the intrauterine device will have a stopping effect on the progression of pathology. The levonorgestrel released daily will affect all the structures of the mucous surface of the uterine cavity at the cellular level, ensuring their further growth stops. As a result of this hemorrhage from the uterine cavity, the painful symptoms inherent in the course of this pathology will stop and subside. The likelihood of malignancy and further development of a cancer in the endometrium of the uterus will be reduced to a minimum.
- Uterine myoma, являющаяся сама по себе доброкачественным новообразованием. Установка спирали при развитии данного новообразования может производиться не всегда, а лишь при определенном его размере и месте локализации. The established Mirena will contribute to the reduction of the nutrition of the fibroids and its subsequent growth and development, through the impact of levonorgestrel.
- Uterine bleeding with unclear etiology of development. With the exclusion of the likelihood of their occurrence against the background of the development of atypical cells in the uterine cavity, the installation of the helix will help reduce the amount of blood secreted, up to its complete cessation.
It is important to remember that a climacteric period, accompanied by a change in the hormonal background in the female body, always leads to a decrease in the immune system to protect it.
Therefore, the possibility of detecting one of the above pathologies increases precisely during this period in a woman’s life.
The intrauterine device and the climacteric period are closely interconnected. Mirena contributes to a significant reduction in the manifestation of climacteric syndrome and the prevention of inflammatory processes in the genital area of a woman.
Contraception with Mirena
With the onset of the menopausal period, a decrease in the activity of the ovaries occurs gradually. For an extended period of time, the ovaries retain the likelihood of a certain level of estrogen being released into the blood. This affects the intermittent nature of the age development of the reproductive organs of the female body.
The mucous surface of the uterine cavity, although not in regular mode, but everything can sometimes be replaced, causing menstrual discharge from the uterine cavity.
This leads to the maturation of the egg in the ovaries and its subsequent release from the follicles.
The unpredictable course of such functionality of the reproductive system in combination with the active continuation of intimate sexuality can lead to an unplanned pregnancy. Therefore, contraceptive methods of protection during this period are a simple necessity.
Contraception with the use of oral contraceptive tableting drugs is not suitable for all the fair sex. Due to the fact that the ability of women to memorize the smallest details in menopause is reduced, and the functionality of the digestive system also varies somewhat, tableted contraceptive preparations are not the best solution to protect against unplanned pregnancy.
But setting up an endometrial hormone-containing spiral will have the desired effect for 5 years, regardless of the occasional symptoms of nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
Mirena is a drug of local spectrum, therefore it affects only the uterine cavity, without affecting other organ systems in the female body.
After setting the intrauterine device, it is recommended to use additional methods of contraceptive protection during the first 14 days, since its effect on the state of the endometrium and cervical mucus cannot be fulminant.
In the premenopausal period, the installation of the spiral is made before the beginning of the menstrual period.
In the menopause and postmenopausal period, the IUD can be inserted at any time in the gynecological office.
The IUD is the simplest method of contraception, rather than tableted drugs. But it must be remembered that after its installation it is necessary to regularly visit the gynecological office throughout the 5 years. Since it is in the premenopausal period there is a likelihood of a cystic lesion of the uterine cavity, which is provoked by constant contact of the uterus with a foreign body. The development and exacerbation of cystic lesion of the uterus can cause oncology. Therefore, regular monitoring of the state of the uterine cavity remains a pressing need throughout the menopause.
Consequences, reviews, features of the use of Mirena spiral during menopause
Mirena's spiral in menopause - the consequences, feedback, cost, rules of use, you need to find out in advance. Contraception is different from the usual spiral that prevents pregnancy. It contains a synthetic hormone - progesterone. Mirena normalizes hormones, protects against unwanted pregnancy.
Gynecologists speak positively about the use of Mirena during menopause. Offer women quite often.
Marina Davydova, endocrinologist-gynecologist:
“Mirena keeps the genital muscles in tone, restores hormonal levels. Balances the amount of estrogen, progesterone. Side effects are rare. Well perceived by the body. Overdose is excluded. Protects against pregnancy is much better than it does an ordinary spiral. The risk of inflammatory processes is minimized. Set for 5 years. For most women, menopause is coming to an end. Thanks to hormones, the development of many gynecological diseases is prevented, which arise against the background of the extinction of reproductive functions. ”
You can leave your comments and impressions about the Mirena spiral, and about its installation and the subsequent period in the comments to the article, they will be useful to other women!
“When the first symptoms of menopause appeared, she immediately went to consult a doctor. There are problems with the heart. Hormonal tablets to drink contraindicated. But the doctor found a way out of the situation - Remens assigned me, put Miren. With such treatment, menopause survived menopause without much difficulty. I continue active sex life. Do not bother tides, sweating, chronic fatigue, insomnia. There were no side effects! ”
“With myoma, the Miren system was installed. For all the time menopause myoma did not increase in size, did not cause difficulties. I was not worried about hot flashes, sweating, headache. The symptomatology of a menopause was a little noticeable. She went to work, enjoyed life, slept well. Sometimes there was a strange irritability, aggression, but everything went without any special treatment. She took valerian. Now the climax is coming to an end. Mirena system will be removed after use for 5 years. "
“At the beginning of menopause, in the presence of fibroids, the Mirena system must be put in a mandatory manner. Menopause lacks estrogen. Replenish the deficit hormonal replacement drugs containing estrogen. However, a large number of them in the body provoke the growth of fibroids, provoke cancer. Mirena controls the balance of hormones, thereby curing myoma. I had it a year after using the Mirena system. Then she disappeared. Hormones checked periodically. "
- You are worried about sudden abdominal pain.
- And the long and painful periods are already rather tired.
- And the recommended drugs for some reason are not effective in your case.
- In addition, constant weakness and ailments have already firmly entered your life.
- Now you are ready to take advantage of any opportunity.
Using Mirena helix during menopause
By the age of menopause, women are usually not fit with brilliant health. Many have gynecological and other ailments. Menopause itself is able to proceed with such sensations that a woman feels overwhelmed for months.
To fight this, pushing aging, in different ways. When menopause Mirena can not only significantly improve health, but to prevent the development of many diseases, including existing ones. And sometimes hormone replacement therapy is completely impossible without it.
How does Mirena work?
The helix is inserted by the doctor into the patient’s uterus. Mirena has the appearance of a small T-shaped device containing the hormone levonorgestrel inside. The substance belongs to the group of progestogens, that is, has a inhibitory effect on the growth of the endometrium.
Normally, it develops and thickens in the middle of the cycle, loosening. Excess estrogen can lead to abnormal growth. This is expressed by abundant secretions, the appearance of extra layers of mucous membrane (hyperplasia) or tumors in the uterus.
Mirena during menopause prevents these opportunities by balancing the effects of estrogen and progestins on the reproductive organs. The helix produces levonorgestrel in equal portions at 20 mcg per day. The substance keeps the endometrium thin and smooth, which does not allow the pathological processes in it to arise and develop even with oral estrogen administration.
As a result, when it comes time to replace the uterine mucosa in premenopausal (after all, the spiral does not interfere with the ovarian work), the discharge is negligible or they disappear altogether.
Hormonal coil against menopause diseases
All the negative changes that provoke a bad feeling of a different nature occur due to the decrease in the number of sex hormones. Chief among them is estrogen, which provides most of the processes in the body.
It would seem that the solution could be his regular blood flow, that is, the intake of appropriate drugs. But not everyone can use them without the risk of getting even more diseases, even deadly ones.
In addition, in menopause, hormonal imbalances are also possible, in which estrogen, although it falls, significantly dominates over progesterone. This causes the appearance or further development:
Endometrial hyperplasia. Organ tissues under the influence of estrogen grow, can cause cancer. The instability of hormones in menopause often leads to increased symptoms of the disease. A spiral in menopause reduces the effect of estrogen on the endometrium, without interfering with its positive effects on blood vessels, heart, urinary organs, skin, bone tissue,
- Endometriosis. The disease is a consequence of excess estrogen and progesterone deficiency, which can persist in menopause. Local treatment using Mirena helix will prevent the aggravation of endometriosis, will contribute to its attenuation. Levonorgestrel affects all cells of the uterine lining, as a result they do not spread further. The bleeding and pain inherent in the disease cease, the risk of endometrial cancer is reduced,
- Myomas. The use of Mirena in this neoplasm is not always possible, but only at a certain size, location. The spiral reduces the nutrition of the tumor, due to the presence of levonorgestrel,
- Bleeding If the discharge occurs for unclear reasons, but it has been established that they are not of an oncological nature, the helix inserted into the uterus with the progesterone analog will reduce their activity and volume.
Mirena and menopause are connected in such a way that the helix significantly reduces these risks, as well as the likelihood of various inflammations in the genitals. The latter is due to the maintenance with its help of local bacterial microflora.
The need to be protected and Mirena
Menopause is not the only short point in which the hormones would disappear and remain low. It is preceded by a gradual decrease in ovarian activity. For years, they have been able to inject hormones into the body that cause the reproductive system to develop abruptly. The inner lining of the uterus, though not as regularly as before, is replaced. And in the ovaries the germ cell occasionally matures.
The unpredictability of these processes in combination with the continuing sexual life can lead to pregnancy when it is not needed at all. That is, there is still a need to resort to contraception.
Not all women can protect themselves with pills for health reasons. Many of these products contain significant doses of hormones, which makes the body even more confused, as they enter the blood. Considering the fact that memory is also capable of leading a woman of pre-menopausal age, and digestion does not work as well as before, tablets will not be the best contraceptive.
A hormonal coil with menopause is effective in this regard for 5 years, regardless of the occurrence of vomiting or diarrhea. The local influence that Mirena exerts excludes the possibility of harm to other parts of the body.
The first 2 weeks after the installation of a contraceptive in premenopausal disease must be protected in other ways, since the effect on the endometrium and cervical mucus is not instantaneous. In this case, the introduction of a spiral produced on the eve of menstruation. In postmenopause, this can be done on any day in the gynecologist's office.
We recommend reading the article on the use of contraceptives during menopause. You will learn about the need to use contraceptives during menopause, their effects on the body, and that about possible contraindications.
Spiral Mirena in premenopausal endometriosis
Intrauterine contraception immediately became popular among women, because it gives a high result and is very convenient to use. One of these contraceptives is Mirena Spiral, which is effective for endometriosis in menopause, but before using it, you should be familiar with the feedback and consequences. It also does not hurt to learn the features of the tool and its effect on the body.
Mirena during menopause, more precisely in its initial stages, helps a woman prevent unwanted pregnancy and normalize the body's hormonal balance. At the initial stages of the process of extinction of ovarian function, the probability of conception is preserved. But to distinguish between pregnancy and menopause is very difficult, because the symptoms are very similar to the manifestation of menopause. Yes, and the absence of menstruation may be associated with the approach of menopause.
In addition, you can not be one hundred percent confident in the result of a pregnancy test. The fact is that the level of hCG in the period of menopause is increased, and its indicators correspond to those of the first weeks after conception. It turns out that the test may be negative, but in fact there is a pregnancy.
Therefore, women decide to use Mirena to continue active sex life without the threat of conception. In this case, the spiral does not affect the quality of sexual relations. It is installed for a long period of time with minimum control requirements.
It is worth noting that this spiral is different from the usual options, because its composition includes progesterone of synthetic origin. Due to this, hormonal balance is stabilized, which leads to the elimination of unpleasant symptoms of menopause.
The hormonal contraceptive is available as a T-shaped device with two special tendrils. Thanks to this form, the spiral can be securely fixed in the uterus. In addition, there is a loop of threads, with which the system is removed.
The body of the device itself is provided with a cavity in which the hormonal component, represented by levonorgestrel (52 milligrams), is located. The tool itself is stored inside a special tube, protected by vacuum packaging consisting of plastic and paper. It should be stored at 15-30 degrees for no more than three years from the date of manufacture.
The active substance of the spiral belongs to the gestagens. Hormone:
- blocks the growth of the endometrium,
- prevents cancer cells from multiplying,
- normalizes the balance between estrogen and progesterone,
- does not affect the normal functioning of the ovaries,
- blocks the appearance of pathologies of the pelvic organs,
- reduces the symptoms of menopause,
- protects from unwanted conception,
- It is an excellent means of preventing the growth of the endometrium during menopause, endometriosis.
After the system is installed, the woman's body receives a certain dose of levonorgestrel every day (20 micrograms). By the end of the five-year period of use, this figure drops to 10 micrograms per day. It is important to note that almost the entire dose of the hormone is concentrated in the endometrium, and in the blood the hormone content does not exceed the micro dose.
The active substance does not begin to enter the blood immediately. This takes about an hour, and after 14 days the highest concentration of levonorgestrel is in the blood, but this figure depends on the weight of the woman. If a woman weighs no more than 54 kilograms, then this indicator will be 1.5 times larger.
According to the reviews, after the installation of the system, there may be an unstable discharge of a smearing character, but only during the first few months. This is due to the restructuring of the endometrium, after which it is significantly reduced the duration and volume of bleeding. And sometimes they stop altogether.
Symptoms of menopausal syndrome are caused by hormonal destabilization. But not always this problem can be solved by taking hormones with estrogen. The fact is that many diseases in the female body provoke the predominance of estrogen over progesterone. Here, the use of estrogen-containing drugs only exacerbates the problem, increasing the speed and neglect of the disease.
Levonorgestrel, which is contained in the Mirena Spiral, can help combat the following problems:
Estrogen triggers excessive tissue cell division, which can cause cancers. In addition, hormone surges can increase the symptoms of hyperplasia.In this case, the helix reduces the effect of estrogen on the endometrium, but it does not interfere with the hormone to have a positive effect on the work of the heart, blood vessels, urinary system, bone tissue, etc.
This disease is a direct consequence of the lack of progesterone in the background of an overabundance of estrogen. Mirena blocks the development of endometriosis, and also contributes to the remission of the disease. Levonorgestrel has a beneficial effect on the uterine lining, blocking the further spread of foci of endometriosis and the risk of developing cancer. There is a huge amount of positive feedback on Mirena helix in endometriosis in premenopausal disease without negative consequences for the health of women.
Immediately, we note that with this disease it is not always possible to use a spiral. Everything will depend on the characteristics of the tumor (location and size). Here the tool significantly reduces the flow of food to the tumor.
Mirena contains progesterone analogue, which is able to reduce the activity of bleeding and their volume. But its use is allowed only if the bleeding is not associated with cancer.
A change in the hormonal background always leads to a decrease in the body's defense, therefore, so often these diseases occur just as the menopause approaches. Mirena and premenopause are connected in such a way that the coil itself significantly reduces the risk of various pathologies due to the support of the vaginal microflora and stabilization of hormonal balance.
Main indications and contraindications
Unfortunately, not every woman can use the product. For a start, it is worth noting that a prerequisite is the examination of the whole organism.
In this case, the contraindications are:
- malignant tumors,
- breast oncology,
- bleeding associated with serious illnesses
- individual intolerance to gestagens,
- venous thrombosis,
- inflammation of the pelvic organs,
- urinary tract infection
- liver problems (hepatitis, cirrhosis),
- heart and kidney disease
- recent abortion (three months ago).
Important! Any inflammatory pathology of the pelvic organs are indications for removal of the spiral. In addition, intrauterine contraceptives are contraindicated at high risk of infectious diseases (problems with the immune system, the lack of a permanent partner).
Despite the minimal impact of levonorgestrel on the body, it is contraindicated in all cancer diseases. Relatively contraindicated diseases include migraines, arterial hypertension, thrombophlebitis, and diabetes mellitus. In these cases, the possibility of using an intrauterine hormonal contraceptive is determined by the doctor, but only after conducting a comprehensive laboratory diagnosis.
Main indications for use:
- Contraception. The main purpose of the installation of the Navy remains to prevent unwanted conception.
- Idiopathic menorrhagia. IUD is used as an element of therapy only in the absence of hyperplastic processes in the uterine mucosa, as well as extragenital pathologies.
- Prevention of endometrial hyperplasia. Used in the appointment of estrogen replacement therapy, when you need to balance estrogen and progestin in the body.
- Profuse bleeding with unclear cause. After installing the helix, or rather after 4 months, the amount of discharge should return to normal.
Side Effects of Mirena Spiral
It is worth noting that often side effects appear only in the first few months after the doctor has installed the system. Here you need to pay attention to the power of their manifestation. If the side effects are insignificant, then the woman can use the remedy further, but this issue is resolved with the attending physician.
Among the side effects should be highlighted:
- ectopic pregnancy,
- blood pressure surges,
- the appearance of excess weight
- allergic rashes,
- breast pain,
- unstable emotional state
These side effects most often appear only at the very beginning of the use of funds. Judging by the reviews, the majority of women who have undergone a preliminary examination and installed a spiral from an experienced specialist, do not suffer from side effects. In premenopausal women, sweating, flushing and irritability disappear almost immediately.
Very rarely, the use of a spiral can cause:
- tumor development,
- myocardial infarction,
- formation of cysts in the ovaries,
It should be noted that in this matter much depends on the patient and her doctor. You can not use the IUD with a hormonal component without testing and examination of organs. Find out what needs to be tested for hormones during menopause.
Possible undesirable effects of Mirena
According to reviews and studies, the following consequences, although very rarely manifest, but still have a place to be:
- Ectopic pregnancy. At risk are women who have suffered from protracted infectious diseases and inflammatory processes. In this case, immediate surgical intervention is required. Symptoms include dizziness, nausea, lower abdominal pain, delayed menstruation, pale skin and general weakness.
- Penetration. Growing means in the uterus occurs very rarely. This is possible against the background of lactation, a recent birth of a child or a non-standard location of the uterus.
- Dropout Navy. The loss of the spiral is quite common. The probability of this undesirable process increases in the period of menstruation, and it can pass unnoticed. Women are advised to immediately consult a doctor to remove funds and install a new system.
- Inflammatory processes and infectious diseases. A high probability of development in the first month after the installation of the system. A woman needs to see a doctor who will prescribe a treatment and decide whether to remove the coil.
- Amenorrhea. Possible six months after using the Navy. Here, you should first exclude pregnancy. Note that after the removal of funds, the cycle becomes normal, if the termination of monthly is not caused by other reasons.
- Ovarian cyst during menopause. Occur only in 12% of patients (approximately). It is also worth noting that enlarged follicles independently acquire normal size after a few months.
More precisely about the consequences can not say anything. This is due to the individuality of each case and the impossibility of collecting information about each woman who used Mirena. Note that this IUD with levonorgestrel is relatively safe, as are all hormone-containing products. In most cases, patients successfully endure all five years with this system, but subject to a responsible attitude to their health and the passage of the necessary examination.
Installation, removal and spiral features
It is worth noting that not all doctors have sufficient experience in the installation of the Mirena helix. A woman needs to find a specialist who has already worked with this type of IUD and knows the features of this procedure.
The tool is available in sterile packaging, which can not be opened at home. This is done by a specialist immediately before installation. If the integrity of the package has been violated, the installation of the spiral is not allowed. It is destroyed as medical waste. The same applies to the removal procedure, because the spiral used still contains hormones.
Inspection before installing Mirena
Before buying a spiral Mirena should check your health in advance. First you need to visit the attending doctor, who will advise:
- examine the vagina
- visit the mammologist,
- examine the vaginal microflora,
- do an ultrasound of the genitals.
In addition, women with premenopause should be tested for hormones in order to accurately determine the state of the hormonal background of the body.
Features of using the tool for various purposes
There is a list of prescriptions for the IUD installation date:
- For contraception. The procedure should be carried out in the first week of the cycle. But the replacement of the Navy is made on any day of the menstrual cycle.
- After childbirth. Here one should wait for the complete involution of the uterus, but even with this factor Mirena is contraindicated during the first six weeks after the birth of the child. In addition, in the event of severe pain, the pelvic organs should be examined to exclude perforations.
- To protect the endometrium. Can be used with HRT. The procedure is performed on the last days of the cycle. With amenorrhea spiral can be installed at any time.
How often to visit the doctor after installing the spiral?
Without fail, a woman should appear at a gynecologist's appointment no later than 3 months after the installation of Mirena. Then you can visit the doctor once a year, and if you have complaints, you should immediately go to the hospital.
If the doctor has allowed the installation of a helix to a woman suffering from diabetes, then she needs to closely monitor the level of glucose in the blood. The fact is that levonorgestrel has a negative effect on glucose tolerance. Any ailments should not be overlooked.
The system is removed by gently pulling on the threads specifically designed for this with sterile forceps. Sometimes it is impossible to see the thread, then the doctor resorts to the use of a traction hook for safe extraction. In addition, in some cases, the specialist expands the cervical canal.
Important! The system is removed after five years of use with the patient's normal state of health. For any serious complaints, the IUD should be removed from the body immediately.
As for the re-installation of the new tool, the procedure can be carried out almost immediately. Here everything will depend on the monthly. With the preservation of menstrual flow, the installation of a new system is made on the days of menstruation, in order to eliminate the risk of fertilization of the egg.
The physician should warn the patient that the installation or removal of an intrauterine hormonal contraceptive can cause certain pain and bleeding. Particular caution should be shown to women with epilepsy and cervical stenosis. There may be fainting, bradycardia, or convulsive seizures.
After removing Mirena, the system is checked for integrity, to prevent the hormonal cavity of the helix from slipping. As soon as the doctor confirms the integrity of the remedy, no further action is required.
What are the testimonials?
Mirena solves several women's problems at once. Premenopause brings some discomfort, which is associated not only with unpleasant symptoms, but also the need to select the optimal contraceptive. Most women note the practicality of this tool.
Patients often wonder if they can become pregnant after the removal of the system. So, 80% of women were able to conceive a child (planned) in the first year after the removal of the IUD. In other cases, disease prevented or pregnancy occurred a little later.
Of course, with the approach of menopause, many women no longer plan to have a child. It is important to install the spiral at the right time.
In fact, reviews are controversial. The main group of women is not satisfied with unstable emotional background in the first month of using the Navy. But here it is necessary to take into account the restructuring of the body, which is trying to get used to the changes and the influence of the hormone.
In addition, women note that Mirena coil is much more convenient than oral contraceptives for menopause, which require a strict regimen. If you take the price of the system, it ranges from 9-13 thousand rubles. With a five-year period, you can save a good amount, unlike spending on contraceptives.
The intrauterine hormonal contraceptive Mirena is a real find during the premenopause, when the likelihood of conception remains, and also the hormonal balance needs to be normalized. In addition, Mirena shows itself well with estrogen-based HRT. It remains only to follow the recommendations and monitor health, to avoid possible consequences.
With endometriosis, a proliferation of the cervical mucosa is observed beyond its limits. Pathology is common in women. There are many factors for the development of such diseases. It is dangerous consequences for the health of women, the development of infertility.
Depending on the degree of the disease, treatment may be conservative or operative. Quite often, with endometriosis, the installation of Mirena intrauterine device is recommended.
How does it work?
It is possible to influence the suppression of the development and growth of new foci of the disease Mirena due to the analogue of the female hormone progesterone contained in the spiral. Being in the uterus, the helix daily releases a dose of synthetic levonorgestrel, which favorably affects the surface layer of the endometrium and prevents its growth.
Approaching menopause for a woman is a difficult period. In the period of menopause in women remains the possibility of conception. However, the manifestation of the symptoms of pregnancy and menopause is very similar, so it is quite difficult to determine.
According to reviews of patients and the opinion of doctors, Mirena spiral helps a woman to cope with unpleasant symptoms that occur during these periods.
What are the contraindications?
Introduction to the uterus spiral Mirena is contraindicated in the following cases:
- The period of pregnancy and lactation.
- In case of a malignant tumor.
- In case of gynecological inflammations of an infectious nature.
- With genital infections.
- In the case of uterine bleeding of unexplained origin.
- When the deformation of the uterus is congenital or acquired.
- In case of individual intolerance of the hormone contained in the helix.
Whether a woman is allowed to install an IUD, the attending physician decides after a preliminary examination, gynecological examination and anamnesis.
In the presence of contraindications for the installation of Mirena, the doctor should offer the option of how to replace the tool.
Possible side effects
Since Mirena is a hormonal coil, its installation can cause an organism to react.
In the first months after installing the Mirena helix, unpleasant side effects may occur, which are manifested in the following symptoms:
- Blood discharge scanty character, not associated with menstruation.
- Violation of the regularity and cyclical menstrual days.
- Headaches of varying intensity.
- Pain in the chest.
- The appearance of extra pounds.
- Changes in the skin, the appearance of rashes.
- There may be an unstable emotional state, manifested in frequent depressions, irritability.
- Pain in the lumbar region.
Such symptoms are not a reason to extract the IUD and go away on their own, without requiring any medical therapy.
The most unpleasant side effects after installing an IUD are as follows:
- The development of ectopic pregnancy.
- The appearance of a tumor.
- The development of varicose veins.
- Spontaneous loss of the spiral out.
To prevent the occurrence of complications and reduce the likelihood of side effects after installing the IUD, you must follow simple preventive rules.
Regular examination by a gynecologist is required. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, proper balanced nutrition and moderate exercise will help maintain immunity and prevent the development of pathology.
On the video about the intrauterine device Mirena
Features of installation and removal
Before installing an IUD, a woman needs to be examined:
- Hand over smears on the vaginal microflora.
- Surrender cytology smear.
- Undergo ultrasound examination of the uterus.
- To pass clinical blood tests.
- Get tested for hidden infections and HIV.
The intrauterine device is a plastic T-shaped tool with two special antennae attached.
The procedure for inserting a spiral is safe and painless, takes a short time - up to 15 minutes. Only a gynecologist can install, as well as extract a spiral.
Extraction can be appointed at the discretion of the doctor, with the development of complications or after a period of 5 years.
How to take Buserelin Depot for endometriosis? Read in the article about the effect of the drug and indications for use, instructions for reception, contraindications and possible side effects.
What is dangerous endometriosis of the uterus? Details in this article.
Price of the drug
Many are interested in the question of how much it costs and whether the use of the Mirena Navy is beneficial.
The cost of the drug is quite high - from 9500 rubles.
However, women using hormonal drugs in the form of tablets spend a significantly larger amount over five years than on one helix for the same period of use.
Climax. Influence of the Navy on menstruation in women 20.. Spiral Mirena has the ability to gradually make progestins in the body.
We recommend reading the article on the use of Mirena helix during menopause.
It is performed using the Mirena intrauterine device. If a woman has entered a period of menopause, she needs overwhelming means.
Climax. Endometriosis during menopause.Menopause brings with it many unpleasant changes. . Mirena in menopause: indications for use.