At a young age, many girls mistakenly consider the absence of menstruation a lack of development. And how to call the first menstruation and whether to even do it?
Usually, the first menstruation begins in girls aged 12 to 14 years. But it is possible the earlier and later onset of menstruation. There is such a thing as “gynecological age” # 8212, the period when the first menstruation begins.
Early onset of menstruation, as well as later, should alert the girl and her mother. It is recommended to consult a pediatric gynecologist for advice. In some cases, such a deviation from the average statistical rate may indicate particular features of the girl’s physiological development. You should know that if a girl from childhood is ahead of her peers in physical development, there is a high probability that her period will start earlier. And if she, on the contrary, in physical development lagged slightly behind her peers, then she would also have her monthly periods, respectively, a little later.
In case of severe abnormalities (more than 2 years) of the beginning of the first menstrual period, up or down, it is recommended to visit the gynecologist to find out the reliable reasons for this condition. As often, such violations can be triggered by, for example, disruption of the endocrine system. Therefore, it is important to find out the exact cause as soon as possible and receive treatment.
If there is no disease, the doctor will find out if the girl is experiencing symptoms that precede the onset of menstruation. It can be: pain in the lower abdomen, light discharge, which appear about 2 years before the first menstruation and an increase in their volume in 3 months. If such signs have been present for a couple of years, artificially affecting a fragile body to cause the first menstrual periods will not be necessary, but it is worthwhile to wait another 2-3 months. But sometimes the doctor may prescribe a safe drug called Duphaston, which is recommended to be taken 5 days in a row, 1 tablet 2 times a day. Monthly begin already after 2 days. However, only a doctor can prescribe drugs, making sure there is no disease.
Now you know how to call the first menstruation and whether to even do it. Each organism is individual, therefore it is impossible to judge unilaterally in this matter. It is necessary to calm down, because stress is a negative factor in this matter, and wait for the body to be ready for this stage of puberty.
Is it possible to cause the first periods in girls aged 11-13 years
The female body is an amazing mechanism that works with clock accuracy. It carries out complex processes, there are special phenomena associated with the reproductive function, without which the continuation of the human race is unthinkable. Monthly signals that puberty began and the body is ready to move into a new phase of development. Every teenage girl with trepidation awaits their arrival, but there are cases when they do not come at a certain time, then the question often arises: how to call the first menstruation and how to act in this situation? Find the answer will help the necessary knowledge in this field of medicine.
Psychological aspects of the problem
For a long time, menstruation and everything connected with it was surrounded by a veil of secrecy and led to the emergence of many superstitions, conjectures and myths. The latter often carried elements of fear and surprise, had a frightening and unpleasant character. Therefore, in the period when the girl is ready to move into the status of a girl, it is important to provide her with the necessary information, help and advice in order to prevent the occurrence of a stressful situation and negative emotions in the as-yet-unformed body of a teenager.
It is necessary in this difficult time for her to provide psychological support, create a relationship of trust, answer questions of interest and help deal with incomprehensible phenomena. To solve this problem, the role of mother, as a mentor and a good friend, is important, so that such an upcoming test as menstruation does not become an unexpected and unpleasant surprise.
A little physiology
Various physiological processes in the body of any person occur in different ways, individually. Therefore, menarche (first menstruation) is not an exception, sometimes it may appear a little earlier or later than the specified time frame. The menstrual cycle is 28-30 days, but can vary: from 21 to 35. It depends on the amount of sex hormones in a woman’s body.
The regularity and duration of the cycle is not immediately set. The appearance of the first menstruation does not guarantee that they will appear strictly according to the calendar for the second and the following month. This will take one year, sometimes up to two years.
Changes in the duration and timeliness of menstruation in this period is considered the norm and does not require medical correction. But, if the delay is more than three months or the flow of menstruation exceeds 10 days, then it is necessary to contact a specialist.
Under the influence of estrogen in the pubertal period, the pelvic bones are distributed in the girl's body, then hair begins to grow in the pubis and underarms, the mammary glands swell and nipple pigmentation occurs, adipose tissue in the thighs, buttocks, abdomen and chest develops secondary sexual characteristics. Thus, a radical restructuring of the reproductive system occurs.
The size of the ovaries and uterus increases, and from the inside it is covered with endometrium. This layer is necessary for attaching the placenta. If fertilization of the egg did not take place, then the endometrium is rejected. This phenomenon in the girl's body is called the first menstruation (menarche). They usually begin at the age of 12–13 years.
In addition to secondary sexual characteristics, attention should be paid to the characteristic complaints arising during this period:
- lower abdominal pain, lower back,
- the appearance of whiter (white or yellowish color physiological discharge),
- the amount of discharge gradually increases
- irritability and vulnerability
- weakness drowsiness, fatigue
- loss of appetite, nausea.
These symptoms usually occur six months before menstruation, indicate the imminent arrival of "gynecological age."
Norm and pathology
Menstruation for the first time in girls most often occurs at 12 -13 years, the age from 12 years to 14 is considered the norm.
At the age of 13, the presence of precursor symptoms indicates the onset of menstruation. If a girl under the age of 14 doesn’t come, you don’t need to worry, the body knows when to include the necessary function into action and will do it himself, without external intervention.
If menarche has not come after 14 years, but when secondary sexual characteristics are present, the general condition does not suffer, or there have already been cases in the history of the mother, younger sisters, then you just have to wait, everything will happen by itself. It is necessary to eat right, food should be balanced, and eating regularly, give enough time to rest, sleep as long as necessary, keep an active lifestyle without bad habits and not be stressed out.
If there are no menstrual periods up to 16 years old, but secondary sexual characteristics, the genitals are developed, and the general condition is unchanged - this is physiological amenorrhea. which is not a variant of the pathology and does not require additional medical interventions. But to exclude pathology, you need to contact a specialist.
But if after 16 years the monthly ones never came, it is unacceptable to leave the situation without control. In such cases, be sure to contact your adolescent gynecologist, find out the reasons for the necessary research or treatment. Such periods are called late and belong to the category of pathology.
Sometimes the doctor prescribes Duphaston, but the dosage and duration of treatment are strictly individual. In no case can not use their own medicines, to carry out medical correction to come monthly. You can disrupt the hormones caused by the action of various drugs, which will lead to unintended consequences in the still unformed body of a teenager.
Causes of physiological delayed menses
Failure in the body, as a result of which the girl's period comes later, often triggered by the following factors:
- excess or lack of weight, its sharp fluctuations,
- endured stress, emotional overload,
- poor nutrition,
- excessive exercise
- features of heredity,
- endocrine diseases
- infectious diseases in history.
Therefore, doctors recommend to pay attention to these moments and try to eliminate the cause of such a problem in the body.
You can not rush things, hurry to cause periods, nature itself decides when the girl is ready for reproductive function. The "gynecological age" of each organism is individual and the physiological processes in it do not always follow a strictly defined pattern. But in the absence of a serious pathology, they will surely start and make the whole system work harmoniously and synchronously, the periods will come in due time. You need to be able to take care of your body, listen to your body and learn to respect it.
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How to cause the first menstruation in 11-12 years?
If you think carefully, we can conclude that the female body is an exact mechanism, filled with various processes that start and die out in the time strictly allotted to them. It all starts at birth, when a kind of “countdown timer” is launched. From this very moment begins the development, flourishing and progress of female physiology, filled with various “surprises” and sometimes “horror stories” that frighten us.
To "horror stories" include such a process as the menstrual cycle. Every woman knows about him firsthand. Of course, there is nothing scary and frightening about it, but it still delivers some discomfort and inconvenience. But it is so laid down by nature, and this period, whether you like, or not, still comes (if it is not obstructed).
Age norm for girls
The puberty of girls begins at 9 - 12 years. At this time, the body undergoes serious changes, and individual changes affect the hormonal background.
Girls in puberty are very sensitive and, in the absence of proper sex education, they consider that if there are no periods at the age of 13, this is a serious deviation. The classic variant of the onset of menarche is identified with the age of 12 - 14 years. But not uncommon today are earlier or later critical days, which soiled linen for the first time.
Too early or overdue discharge due to physiological features of development. With the active formation of the figure and the intensive growth, the monthly period in adolescents begins early. If the girl looks younger than her contemporaries, she will see the spotting later. This is not considered a deviation if the expectation does not exceed 2 years.
Mom must necessarily monitor the health of her daughter and provide timely information about sexual development. Too early menstruation, for example, at the age of 9, or late, which first began at the age of 16, requires immediate treatment to the pediatric gynecologist. The doctor will assess the situation and determine the cause of the anomaly.
But how to call the monthly first specialist does not teach, because each organism develops individually. If there are no violations, menarche will come in due time, when the reproductive system is fully ready to perform menstrual function.
Attempts to independently cause monthly at home are dangerous for the body. Having read articles for adult women, a teenage girl can significantly undermine her health. If inflammation occurs in the reproductive system or a tumor develops, stupid intervention in your own body will lead to severe bleeding, the formation of cysts, infertility and other complications.
The date of the first month must be remembered. It determines the gynecological age of the girl. The year of the beginning of menstruation, the doctor specifies the diagnosis of disease, pregnancy and childbirth.
Understand that the first menstrual period is coming soon, the following symptoms will help girls 11–15 years old:
- Regular rash on face.
- Lower abdominal pain.
- Lost in the lower back.
- Enlarged mammary glands.
- Transparent discharge from the genital tract.
- Irritability and vulnerability.
- Nausea and loss of appetite.
- Hair growth in the axillary and groin area.
- Beli (physiological discharge pale yellow or white).
Discomfort appears about six months before the menarche. If a few symptoms or all immediately bother a teenager, how to call the first menstruation at 12 years or a little later, you should not think. Everything will happen at the right moment.
If a girl celebrates her 14th birthday, she has secondary sexual signs, she feels normal, but she still has no menstruation, she doesn’t need to worry.
If the mother and older sisters had a late menarche, you can still wait, but lead an active lifestyle, rest for a sufficient number of hours and eat fully. It is important to learn not to succumb to stress from a young age.
If the monthly did not go up to 16 years in the presence of secondary sexual characteristics, and the doctor testified the normal development of the genitals, the girl suffers from physiological amenorrhea. This condition is not pathological; it does not require medical intervention.
But if critical days do not come after 16 years either, a teenager must be shown to a gynecologist and get recommendations for diagnosis and treatment. The beginning of menstruation at 17 years is considered late and pathological. At the discretion of the doctor, Duphaston may be prescribed to the patient, a hormonal drug used in case of cycle violations and delayed menstruation. Unbeknownst to a specialist, you cannot take pills, since hormonal disturbances can be disrupted.
Physiological delay in adolescents has various reasons: sharp weight fluctuations, obesity or excessive thinness, unhealthy diet, emotional and physical overload, stress, infectious and endocrine diseases. A certain role in the formation of the cycle is played by heredity.
How are the first periods in girls
The physiological processes in different people are uneven. Menarche girls may be 11 years old and 15 years old, and this is not considered an anomaly. The duration of the normal menstrual cycle is 28 - 30 days. Sometimes the schedule is different - the girl is faced with critical days every 21 - 35 days. The duration of the cycle is affected by the amount of sex hormones.
Regular periods are not immediately. Several months in a row or even 1 - 2 years of bleeding may not be strictly on the calendar.
Panic is not worth it, because the body only adapts to unusual conditions. If the time gap between the first and subsequent menstruation exceeds 3 months, or the bleeding goes for more than 10 days, the child together with the mother should consult a gynecologist.
The menstrual process itself can be described as follows. In the maturing body, the size of the uterus and ovaries increases. The inner part of the uterus is overgrown with endometrium. In the absence of pregnancy, this layer is rejected. If the girl does not lead a sex life, the egg remains unfertilized. Endometrium designed to fix the placenta becomes unnecessary. So monthly menstruation occurs, first appeared at the age of 12 - 13 years.
Consider several options for the flow of menstruation that can alert a girl:
- Spotting is observed for 5 days, but after a short time appears again. In adolescents, monthly twice a month is a common problem. It does not require medical intervention, because the cycle at first is unstable and is subject to various factors - weather, cold, stress.
- Monthly go 2 weeks. Prolonged bleeding indicates a small deviation in the body, but is not a symptom of a serious disease. The first periods of a teenager can go a long time due to a serious restructuring of the body. Leaving the period of childhood, he learns to get rid of the mucous layer of the uterus.
- Unpleasant smell of discharge. Upon contact with air, menstrual flow acquires a fetid odor. At first they are thick and dark. This leaves the endometrium. The recommendation is to enhance hygiene. Frequent washing of the intimate zone and timely changing of gaskets will relieve the girl from the unpleasant smell and increase self-confidence.
Monthly and their nature
The onset of menstruation in girls usually occurs in 12-14 years. This age can be called the “beginning of restructuring” of the whole organism, when the hormonal profile completely changes, moving from the “girl” mode to the “girl” mode. This period can be noted as the beginning of puberty.
Как правило, девочки в этом возрасте чувствительны и часто ошибочно считают отсутствие месячных отклонением в собственном развитии. Не стоит забывать, что возраст от 12 до 14 лет – это среднее арифметическое, и могут быть другие ранние, или более поздние проявления «взросления» организма. In any case, you should definitely remember the age when the first menstrual periods began - “gynecological age” (the countdown of which begins from the first year of the menstrual cycle).
The fact that the monthly is already “on the threshold,” may indicate external changes in the body of a girl. Usually, they begin to appear from 10 years, that is, several years before the start of the menstrual cycle. Then intensive hair growth begins in the groin and under the arms, and the mammary glands grow.
Both early and late onset of the menstrual cycle should, at a minimum, alert the mother and the girl. Sometimes early or late periods can be explained by the peculiarities of the physiological development of a teenager. If a girl develops quickly, respectively, the probability of early menstruation is much higher than that of her peers. Well, if she develops more slowly than her classmates, it is possible that her monthly periods will go a little later (tolerances up to 2 years).
If deviations from the average statistical age (12-14 years) are more than 2 years (both ways), you should immediately contact a pediatric gynecologist to find out possible reasons for the absence of menstruation. Sometimes the delay in the onset of menstruation can talk about pathological diseases.
It is worth paying attention to the symptoms, foreshadowing the arrival of menstruation. If a girl has:
- hurts lower abdomen
- there was a discharge (occurs a few years before the onset of menstruation),
- the volume of discharge gradually increases.
It is safe to say before the beginning of the long-awaited menstruation is at hand.
If the symptoms have been observed for a long time (within a few years), just let go of the situation and stop looking for the answer to the question: “how to call the first menstrual periods”. They will come themselves, and as always, precisely when no one is waiting for them. In this case, rush to anything. Nature knows better when the girl is ready for further changes.
If, on examination, the gynecologist did not reveal any abnormalities in the functioning of the organism, we should wait a little more. To cause monthly artificially not desirable at all, and even more so independently. Sometimes a gynecologist, to call menstruation, prescribes a safe drug Duphaston to a teenager. The dose, of course, is prescribed by the attending physician, so here you need to do without amateur, if you do not want to harm your own child. If you, your girlfriend, etc. there was something similar, you should not rely on their recommendations, because what suits one, the other can only harm.
This trouble we will survive
In fact, there are no reasons for unrest, and even more so for calling the monthly with external intervention. Experts say that menstruation, not only at 12, but at 15 years old, is the norm.
The body of each girl has its own characteristics and can develop up to 18 years, so you should not worry because of the lack of menstruation. It is enough to be observed by a specialist and follow his recommendations. It would be rather strange if all women in the world started their periods at the same time.
In order for the future woman not to have stress, it is more often to share "women's secrets" with her. In this difficult period, the mother should become an uneasy teacher for her daughter, and a good friend, so that the teenage girl should not be afraid to talk about such intimate things, much less hide anything. Mom should give the girl maximum support by establishing a trusting relationship with her, so that the upcoming test for her will not be a surprise.
If a girl at 12 (14) does not have a month, you should not worry, but it is not recommended to leave the situation without control either. You should not focus on this, but you need to make sure that there are no problems. Visit the pediatric gynecologist with your daughter, spend more time with her and do not create stressful situations around your child. Be an example for your own child, creating the most comfortable conditions for his development. This is enough to be all right.
Nature itself knows when the body is ready to “cross the line” and will do everything for us. No need to rush things, because everything happens exactly when it should happen, and nothing else. All we need is respect for our body and the ability to listen to it. Namely:
- follow nutritional culture:
- always sleep as much as required
- to live an active lifestyle,
- to be in a good mood.
Be an example for your daughter, and then everything will be great!