In most women, nausea along with the cessation of menstruation is a sign of pregnancy. However, nausea before menstruation may for other reasons. This phenomenon often indicates the development of any pathologies. If this has not happened before, you should immediately consult a doctor. Why is sick before menstruation? In what cases is nausea caused by the onset of pregnancy? How to get rid of this problem?
Nausea as part of premenstrual syndrome
Premenstrual syndrome is a complex symptom complex characterized by a certain frequency and occurrence before menstruation. In some women, it is manifested a week before menstruation, in others - on the eve or on the day of the appearance of blood discharge. Psycho-emotional, vegetative and endocrine disorders that negatively affect a woman’s quality of life are characteristic of this condition.
Some women 1-1,5 weeks before the onset of menstruation begins to feel nauseous. This condition is also accompanied by the following symptoms:
- bouts of vomiting and dizziness,
- fast fatiguability,
- painful sensations in the abdomen (usually the lower abdomen hurts),
- skin rashes,
- change in appetite (it can be either elevated or completely absent)
- depression of the state.
These violations occur on the background of hormonal changes. These symptoms are not dangerous for women's health and, as a rule, disappear on their own after the onset of menstruation.
Can you feel sick because of pregnancy?
If a woman is not nauseous before menstruation, most likely, it is a question of pregnancy. In the early stages of gestation, an ultrasound examination will not be able to confirm the fact of fertilization of the egg. To do this, you can use one of the following methods:
- blood donation for analysis, the results of which in the case of fertilization will show the presence of human chorionic gonadotropin,
- pregnancy test - only high-sensitivity devices can confirm its attack in the early stages,
- measurement of basal body temperature.
In addition to nausea during pregnancy usually indicate the following signs:
- delay of menstruation,
- destabilization of the psycho-emotional state (frequent changes of mood, tearfulness, irritability),
- fast fatiguability,
- tingling in the uterus,
- hypersomnia (increased drowsiness during the day),
- violation of sleep and wakefulness,
- a change in sexual desire to a greater or lesser side,
- heaviness in the pelvis and lower abdomen,
- changing food habits
- discomfort in the lumbar spine,
- hypersensitivity of the mammary glands,
- hyperosmia (aggravation of smell).
If you suspect a pregnancy, it is recommended to immediately abandon all bad habits: smoking (including passive), the use of any alcohol-containing beverages and narcotic substances. In addition, you must stop taking medications, especially potent. It is possible to resume their use only after permission of the doctor.
Nausea as a symptom of disease
Attacks of nausea before menstruation can be caused by pathological and non-pathological factors. The latter include physical and emotional stress, improper use of hormonal contraceptives. This phenomenon can also be caused by poor quality food poisoning and hangover. The first type of cause of premenstrual nausea is impaired functioning of the internal organs and systems of a woman.
Reproductive system organs
If sick before critical days, perhaps the cause of this phenomenon lies in gynecological problems. Most often this occurs as a result of:
- Incorrect positioning of the uterus. If this organ is displaced backward, the nerve endings are subjected to excessive pressure, against the background of which painful sensations and nausea attacks occur.
- Dysmenorrhea. This concept refers to a pathological process that repeats at regular intervals, characterized by marked pain in the lower abdomen during menstruation. Pain syndrome occurs shortly before the onset of menstruation and lasts for the first 2 days. In addition to painful sensations in the abdomen and attacks of nausea, dysmenorrhea is accompanied by discomfort in the lumbar spine and groin area, increased sweating, disturbed sleep and wakefulness, dizziness, hyperthermia, etc.
Often, nausea before critical days is a consequence of disruption of the digestive organs, namely dystrophic-inflammatory changes in the gastric mucosa, inflammation of the gallbladder and pancreas. At the same time, nausea may occur on any day of the menstrual cycle, but this condition is aggravated before the next menstruation.
Exacerbations are explained by the effect on the normal course of the pathological process of hormonal changes. After the onset of menstruation, the symptoms of diseases of the digestive organs in most cases subside. In addition to attacks of nausea, pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract are also accompanied by other manifestations:
- appetite disturbance,
- failure of the normal bowel movement,
- severe pain in the stomach and pancreas.
Despite the fact that this problem often disappears after menstruation, these symptoms should not be overlooked. If you suspect diseases of the digestive system, it is necessary to see a doctor and, if necessary, take steps to eliminate them.
Endocrine System Organs
Excessive formation of prostaglandin - a hormone that regulates many processes in the female body, inhibits the synthesis of progesterone. The result is nausea.
Failure of the endocrine system is a very dangerous phenomenon, which in the case of inaction can lead to the development of many serious diseases, such as diabetes and infertility. To avoid this, if you suspect a dysfunction of the thyroid gland, you should immediately contact an endocrinologist. To make an accurate diagnosis, the doctor will refer the patient for an examination, according to the results of which, if necessary, treatment will be prescribed.
How to get rid of nausea?
If this problem is caused by pathological processes in the body, you can get rid of it only after eliminating the cause. For the relief of nausea can not do without the use of drugs. If this phenomenon is provoked by physiological factors, the following measures can be taken to alleviate the condition:
- Exclude pregnancy. If unprotected sexual intercourse has occurred in the last month, if nausea occurs, it is first necessary to check for the presence or absence of the fact of conception. To do this, you can do a pregnancy test. However, it is best to immediately contact a gynecologist, who will, with a high degree of probability, determine whether the egg has fertilized, and then give the patient the necessary recommendations to improve her well-being.
- Adjust the power. Before menstruation, many women feel sick because of the abuse of "wrong" food. To get rid of nausea and prevent its occurrence in the future, it is recommended to exclude or minimize the amount of fatty, fried, smoked and spicy dishes. Carbonated drinks, strong tea and coffee should be replaced with clean water and herbal infusions.
- Eliminate excessive exercise. This restriction applies to the period before menstruation. A week before the expected date of its beginning, it is recommended to reduce motor activity. Especially harmful at this time to perform an exercise to lift weights. During this period, preference is better to give yoga, Pilates and swimming.
- Use drugs or traditional medicine. Exhausting nausea can be stopped with the help of such drugs as Tamipul, No-Spa, Spazmalgon. In some cases, Mastodinon is used to normalize hormonal levels. Herbal extracts based on chamomile, lemon balm, mint will help relieve excessive tension, calm the nerves, and normalize sleep. A prerequisite for the use of pharmacy medicines and products based on natural ingredients is prior approval from your doctor. Self-medication can lead to the development of dangerous consequences for women's health.
- Refuse to take a hot bath, visit the bath and sauna on the eve of menstruation. Staying in conditions of high temperature contributes to the reduction of the uterus, as a result of which discomfort and nausea can occur.
Doctors unequivocally give a positive answer to the question whether nausea can occur before menstruation. At the same time, the symptoms of PMS in some women are very similar to the signs of the onset of pregnancy, while in others, on the contrary, they are completely different. Some women feel only a slight pain in the lower abdomen, while others face more serious problems.
If you feel sick before the monthly for a week, it is very important to make sure that there is a pregnancy. First of all, you can pay attention to indirect signs:
- Frequent urination,
- Upset stool, diarrhea,
- Increased fatigue
- Nausea and vomiting in the morning
- Changing taste preferences.
When a woman becomes sick with PMS and she noticed that her period is delayed, it is necessary to do a test for determining pregnancy or blood for hCG for about 3-5 days. Until the diagnosis is confirmed or disproved, it is better not to take any pills, in order not to harm the embryo and not to prevent its implantation.
Knowing whether nausea is before menstruation, and if it is not related to pregnancy, women also wonder how they can help themselves. The fact is that a symptom can have varying degrees of severity, and if it is high, then diarrhea, dizziness, and pain in the lower abdomen will also occur along with it.
All this significantly reduces the quality of life in the period of premenstrual syndrome. A woman should consult a gynecologist, who will recommend certain therapeutic measures. Self-therapy can be dangerous and will cause complications or worsen the general condition.
Dealing with whether ICP can make you sick and how to get rid of an unpleasant symptom, first of all you should pay attention to your diet. If you regularly eat the "wrong" food, then it can be stressful for the organism, which will definitely disrupt its functioning.
A woman must abandon spicy, fried and fatty foods. Also during this period it is not advised to drink water or drinks with gas, strong tea and coffee. It is better if natural juices or herbal teas are chosen as a substitute. In this way you can unload the body, and gradually it will work better.
If girls are actively involved in sports, then they should reduce the intensity of training, do not perform strength exercises in the hall. It is definitely necessary to surround yourself with positive emotions, protect yourself from stressful situations, and normalize work and rest. In the case of nerves, mint, chamomile, lemon balm and sage teas are good.
A visit to the gynecologist is extremely necessary, even if the woman managed to self-normalize her condition. Of course, there is no need to visit a doctor every month, but this should be done at least once every six months. Through this, it will be possible to understand if there is a hidden danger in this symptom. Or it is only an individual reaction to approaching bleeding.
Nausea as a symptom of PMS
The first signs of PMS in the fair sex occur 4 to 7 days before the onset of bleeding. But they can appear on the same day and pass unnoticed, slightly disturbing the woman. The severity of the syndrome depends on the sex hormones - progesterone and estrogen. Their activity determines the state of the body on the eve of menstruation.
As the uterus prepares to fix a fertilized egg, the level of these hormones increases. If conception has not occurred, the amount of estrogen remains unchanged. Progesterone levels drop dramatically. Hormonal imbalance worsens a woman’s well-being.
On the eve of bleeding, symptoms such as:
- Nausea and / or vomiting.
- Soreness of the mammary glands.
- Pain in the lower abdomen and lower back.
- Pimples on the skin.
Discomfort occurs against the background of hormonal fluctuations, changes in blood pressure, stress, diets, fatigue. Sometimes psycho-emotional shakes are guilty. The answer to the question of whether sick before menstruation, is positive. However, the factors triggering PMS are not always harmless.
Nausea before menstruation may occur due to the location of the uterus. Displacement of the body back puts pressure on some points of the nervous system. As a result, the woman is worried about severe pain in the lower part of the body and nausea.
Causes of nausea before menstruation
Why begins to feel sick before the onset of menstruation, you can ask the gynecologist. The specialist will list all the causes of nausea before menstruation and tell you how to remove discomfort. The etiology of the problem is:
- Endocrine disorders.
- Early gestational age.
- Diseases of the digestive tract.
- Nervous system disorders.
- Increased exercise.
- Acceptance of hormonal contraceptives.
Consider these factors in detail.
According to medical statistics, dysmenorrhea is the cause of nausea in 70% of women who are waiting for menstruation. Especially dysmenorrhea bothers young girls giving birth. They have PMS is so hard that poor health does not allow you to fully work.
Nausea before menstruation with dysmenorrhea may be accompanied by insomnia, dizziness, sweating and painful pains in the lower abdomen, which give to the lower back and groin area.
Dysmenorrhea is characteristic of young girls with a cycle that does not stabilize after menarche. It develops on the background of stress, bulimia, anorexia and depression. In adult women, the problem is explained by sports loads and heavy physical labor. Also, dysmenorrhea can signal the development of endometriosis.
The diagnosis of dysmenorrhea is confirmed on the basis of a comprehensive examination:
A woman’s well-being is also affected by an increased amount of serotonin, which is concentrated in the spinal fluid. For this reason, blood pressure rises and nausea worries. Sometimes discomfort occurs due to severe pain associated with inflammatory processes inside the body.
The inconstancy of nausea in the absence of other PMS symptoms sometimes has such a cause as an emotional disorder experienced on the eve of menstruation. Soothing symptoms will help eliminate the symptom.
Improper functioning of the thyroid gland causes hormonal disturbances and causes nausea before menstrual flow. The provoking factor is an excess of prostaglandin that dominates progesterone. On the eve of monthly these changes are felt most acutely. This causes nausea.
Ignore the endocrine disorders can not, because they are dangerous disorders of internal organs, the development of infertility and diabetes. Avoiding problems will be helped by prompt access to a specialist and strict adherence to treatment regimens.
Diseases of the digestive system
If a woman is seen by a gastroenterologist, nausea before menstruation will be a concern for chronic gastritis, cholecystitis, and pancreatitis.
Nausea can lead to vomiting on any day of the cycle, but before the next bleeding, the discomfort increases. Weak immunity and hormonal changes exacerbate the disease in the premenstrual period. At another time of the cycle, the symptoms subside.
In addition to nausea, pathologies of the digestive tract are manifested by other unpleasant symptoms:
- Loss of appetite.
- Constipation or diarrhea.
- Acute pain in the area of the pancreas and the stomach itself.
To determine the true causes of nausea in the middle of the cycle and closer to the monthly will help analyzes of urine, blood and feces. Sometimes well-being worsen worms invasion. It is necessary to get rid of them. What and how to do, the doctor will tell.
Nervous system problems
Nervous tension, anxiety and being in a stressful situation can be described as poor emotional well-being. It adversely affects the state before menstruation. Nausea occurs on the basis of experiences.
Psychological problems, causeless tears and the demonstration of one's own weakness require the intervention of an experienced therapist. Без помощи специалиста тошнота в данном случае не пройдет.
Nausea and dizziness before menstruation may indicate a violation of the vestibular apparatus, or they indicate a reaction of an organism susceptible to climate change or a daily routine.
The use of hormonal contraceptives, inconsistent with the gynecologist, is fraught with intermenstrual secretions, nausea and pain in the lower abdomen.
Symptoms appear on the basis of hormonal imbalance, which causes contraceptives. Hormonal surge occurs every month in any case, but in combination with hormonal drugs, the symptoms of PMS are felt brighter.
Distortion of hormonal status leads to nausea, vomiting and other disorders. In the presence of such symptoms, it is necessary to abandon the drug and find the best method of birth control.
What to do if sick before menstruation
If a woman has a headache and is sick shortly before the menstrual period, and the discomfort arises constantly, she needs to contact an experienced doctor who will understand the situation.
At its discretion, the specialist will select an anesthetic, antispasmodic, sedative or anti-inflammatory agent. Adequate therapy minimizes the manifestation of an unpleasant syndrome.
To PMS did not exhaust the body, it is necessary to switch to light food and increase the consumption of fruits and vegetables. Fatty, fried and too spicy foods in the diet should not be.
When sick before menstruation - is this normal?
In addition to nausea, PMS symptoms include headaches, fatigue and dizziness.
Nausea before menstruation is a fairly common occurrence and, more importantly, this PMS symptom is not considered a deviation.
A feeling of nausea may accompany menstruation regularly. However, any sudden changes in the nature of premenstrual syndrome sometimes suggest that a woman is not well with her health.
A woman should see a doctor if she:
- feels nauseous before menstruation for the first time
- unable to keep food
- losing weight due to frequent vomiting,
- faces dehydration,
- he observes vomiting, which worsens over several days.
Why is sick before menstruation?
Nausea before menstruation often becomes a consequence of premenstrual syndrome. However, this symptom may have other reasons, so it is important for a woman to talk to a doctor if she observes something unusual or if nausea does not allow her to comfortably conduct daily vitality.
The reasons for nausea before menstruation may be as follows.
Premenstrual syndrome is a common cause of nausea before menstruation. Women often deal with other PMS symptoms, including headaches, dizziness, fatigue, diarrhea, and abdominal cramps.
Scientists still do not know exactly what causes PMS and why some women face the syndrome, while others do not.
There are several theories about the causes of PMS. They include the following.
- Serotonin level. Serotonin is a chemical in the brain that is associated with mood. There is some evidence that serotonin levels go down before menstruation. Low serotonin levels can cause depression, anxiety, and other symptoms.
- Nutrient deficiency. Inadequate intake of calcium or magnesium can worsen PMS.
- Endocrine diseases. The endocrine system regulates hormone levels. Problems associated with diabetes, thyroid disorders, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or other diseases can worsen PMS.
- Hormonal changes. Estrogen and progesterone levels after ovulation are highest since these hormones play a key role in conception and pregnancy. When menstruation begins, the levels of estrogen and progesterone decrease. Women with PMS usually experience a feeling of nausea, either immediately before their monthly period, or as soon as they begin. Hormones are chemical messengers that ensure the smooth operation of various body systems, so changes in hormone levels can affect how a woman’s body reacts to many important processes.
- Genetics. Despite the fact that science has not detected specific genes associated with PMS, everything indicates that the syndrome can be inherited.
In 2018, Korean scientists published the results of a study involving more than a hundred women who underwent surgery to remove malignant tumors in the breast under general anesthesia. The study found a connection between menstruation and nausea. Among female volunteers, those patients who during the surgical procedure were at the stage of the menstrual cycle, close to menstruation, were much more likely to have postoperative nausea.
Endometrial implants are sometimes found in the lungs and even in the brain. The exact causes of endometriosis are not identified.
Endometriosis is characterized by the fact that tissue, which normally lines the inner surface of the uterine wall (endometrium), appears outside of the hollow organ. Doctors find endometrial implants in the ovaries, fallopian tubes and many other organs.
Some women have endometriosis, but do not experience symptoms. Others - the disease is completely draining. Endometriosis can cause intense pain and heavy bleeding during menstruation, and sometimes the blood goes even through the mouth. In addition, endometriosis is the main cause of infertility in women, and it is still not known exactly how this condition is associated with a decrease in fertility.
A study by Swedish scientists showed that problems with the stomach and other elements of the digestive system more often disturb women with endometriosis. During the study, 85% of patients with this disease reported that in the recent past they had certain digestive system disorders.
In addition to nausea, they complained of gas, bloating, stomach pain and constipation.
Diseases and infections
Not all symptoms observed during menstruation may be associated with menstruation. Food poisoning, gastric viruses, food sensitivities, and a number of other health problems also cause nausea, which can alarm women at this time.
Women may have hidden diseases or infections if they experience nausea before menstruation for the first time, especially in cases where this symptom manifests itself in an acute form and is accompanied by vomiting or severe pain in the stomach.
How to get rid of nausea before menstruation?
If a woman often experiences nausea before menstruation, she should discuss it with a doctor.
If a woman is regularly disturbed by the feeling of nausea before menstruation, she should talk to a doctor about other potential diseases. The recommended treatment will depend on the cause of the nausea.
Among the strategies that can ease small bouts of nausea are the following:
- taking special medicines such as gravol or petobismol,
- nutrition control with a diary, which sometimes helps to identify foods that provoke nausea.
If nausea before menstruation is caused by a major medical condition, the doctor may recommend:
- birth control pills that normalize hormone levels and are sometimes prescribed for endometriosis, PMS and PMDD,
- surgery to remove endometrial implants that are located outside the uterus,
- antidepressants, in particular, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), which can normalize serotonin levels and reduce the symptoms of PMS and PMDD.
Nausea is a common symptom of premenstrual syndrome. For most women, nausea before menstruation is a condition that can be controlled with non-prescription drugs and avoiding provocative foods.
However, if the condition is not improved by conservative strategies, if it interferes with the woman’s daily activities, then this issue should be discussed with the doctor. In close cooperation with a qualified specialist, a woman will be able to find an effective treatment plan.
Nausea before menstruation
The state of the female body changes throughout the entire menstrual cycle. On some days of the cycle, we react very violently to what we perceive absolutely calmly on other days. This is due to hormonal changes occurring inside the female body. Often the weaker women report a worsening of the condition before menstruation: nausea, dizziness, weakness - what is the reason for this? Or maybe these are symptoms of pregnancy? Let's try to figure it out together.
Almost all women have heard about premenstrual syndrome, and even more - many have experienced its manifestation on themselves. The appearance of irritability, fatigue, weakness, nausea and dizziness before menstruation may indicate precisely PMS. The surge of hormones, which occurs before the start of the cycle, provokes PMS and the manifestation of its symptoms.
How to alleviate the condition before menstruation
As can be seen from the above, there are a lot of reasons that can cause discomfort before menstruation. That is why you should know about ways to help improve the condition and overcome nausea.
Of course, now there are quite a few drugs that can ease menstrual pain and remove cramps, but you should always consult with your doctor before using them.
The easiest and most effective way to alleviate the condition before the menstrual period is to adjust the daily diet (you should exclude fatty, spicy foods, eat lean meat, fruits and vegetables). Drink more fluids, walk in the air, be sure to sleep a lot. Do not smoke or drink alcohol.
And if pregnancy
If earlier you didn’t have nausea and weakness before menstruation, then this is a serious reason to suspect pregnancy, because many women in the situation suffer from toxicosis in the early stages. In order to exclude pregnancy, you can donate blood for hCG or use a pregnancy test.
True, it is worth noting that the tests are best done immediately after the onset of the delay. A blood test to determine the level of hCG is carried out in any laboratory, and its cost is not at all great.
In addition to the above reasons, nausea before menstruation can be caused by diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, iron deficiency anemia and other diseases. That is why, if you are experiencing such a condition for the first time - this should be a reason for going to a doctor.
Nauseous before menstruation - is it a pregnancy?
An unpleasant feeling of nausea is periodically experienced by all people. It appears for various reasons and indicates some changes in the body. Since nausea is not a disease, but a symptom of a specific problem, there is no sense in treating it. You just need to identify why it appears.
Some women complain that they regularly experience nausea. This happens in the second half of the menstrual cycle. Is this normal? What to do if sick before menstruation?
Nausea before menstruation may be felt due to various circumstances. Each woman is individual and everyone has a different level of health. But the main reasons are three reasons why sick before menstruation:
- non-gynecological causes.
When it's all about the ICP
What is PMS, many of the weaker sex know firsthand. Very often, women experience this condition regularly. Someone has premenstrual syndrome almost a week before the appearance of blood, and someone feels it directly on the day of the expected periods.
If nausea before menstruation is part of premenstrual syndrome, then other symptoms may also accompany it:
- abdominal pain,
- increase / decrease in appetite,
- emotional depression, etc.
Such disorders occur due to hormonal changes. The hormones estrogen and progesterone are responsible for the processes of favorable childbearing in the woman’s body. Their relationship to each other plays a very important role and is reflected in the well-being of the “mistress”.
Before the onset of menstruation, the level of these hormones increases significantly, since the uterus is ready for implantation of a fertilized egg. If the fertilization process does not occur, the progesterone level drops dramatically, and the estrogen remains in the same amount as before. Such a sharp drop in hormones can provoke a deterioration in the condition of a woman.
How to distinguish pregnancy from PMS?
If a woman has not previously experienced such phenomena as dizziness and nausea before menstruation, and then they suddenly appeared - the reason may not be in the PMS.
The above symptoms of premenstrual syndrome are very similar to the manifestations of pregnancy. Indeed, pregnancy is easily confused with PMS, especially before a monthly delay. If there is reason to believe that a woman is pregnant (for example, there was unprotected sex in the middle of the cycle), you can check this.
On such a short time gynecological examination and ultrasound diagnostics are not yet informative. In this case, a woman can determine pregnancy in two ways:
- do a pregnancy test
- give a blood test for hCG.
If you do a pregnancy test, it is better to buy one that is more expensive. It has better sensitivity and can detect pregnancy a few days before menstruation.
A more accurate result will show a blood test for the level of the hormone HCG. 10 days after conception, this study is very likely to give a reliable result.
It is important to remember that when a pregnancy is suspected, a woman should be as careful as possible. After all, just at such an early term, a living embryo is born that is most vulnerable. And there are a lot of factors capable of adversely affecting its development and even life:
- sports training,
- substandard food, etc.
Other causes of nausea
Nausea, weakness, dizziness and similar disorders are not always associated with gynecology. This condition can occur, for example, in the following cases:
- poisoning by food or alcohol,
- excessive physical exertion
- manifestations of other diseases.
But since the body is weakened before the menstrual period, the symptoms of nausea arising for these reasons are especially acute.
In case of poisoning with poor-quality food or drinks, the body may react with nausea and vomiting. Thus he gets rid of harmful toxins, cleansing and not allowing them to penetrate deeper.
Active sports or heavy chores on the eve of menstruation can also cause nausea, dizziness and rapid fatigue. This is due to the fact that with intensive load, the uterus of a woman presses on the spinal region, and this causes discomfort.
Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract are manifested just by such signs as vomiting, upset stool, dizziness, nausea, etc. If your periods have passed and the condition does not improve, it would be good to consult a gastroenterologist for advice. Perhaps a woman develops gastritis, pancreatitis, or another disease.
What to do so as not to suffer?
In order to slightly alleviate her condition, a woman may use some recommendations.
- Exclude pregnancy. First of all, when nausea occurs (especially if this problem did not bother you before), it is important to make sure that the woman is not pregnant. If pregnancy nevertheless has come - urgently to the gynecologist for further instructions.
- Adjust the diet and drink. Fatty, spicy, smoked, fried foods can only aggravate the situation. The same goes for drinks. It is necessary to exclude soda, sour juices, “painted” drinks, containing a lot of harmful substances. Drinking clean water, weak tea and properly cooked food can relieve your body a little.
- Reduce the load. Before the critical days you should not plan a spring-cleaning or sweat in the gym. It is better to unload yourself maximally a couple of days before menstruation, both physically and emotionally. Experiencing can also be the cause of ailments, so unloading the nervous system will undoubtedly benefit.
- Visit a specialist. There are lots of medications that remove nausea. So why endure discomfort if you can get rid of them? If a woman is constantly nauseous before menstruation, why not ask a doctor for help? Since all drugs have a number of contraindications and side effects, only a doctor should prescribe them. Assessing the patient's condition, he can prescribe a drug that helps to forget about nausea on the eve of menstruation.
Nausea with menses: causes
Many women face nausea before menstruation or during menstruation. Someone at this time appears vomiting, severe weakness, dizzy. Is this normal? What makes you sick during your period?
Особенно сильное беспокойство такое состояние может вызвать у тех, кто раньше спокойно переносил менструации, без сильных изменений в самочувствии. О чём может говорить тошнота перед месячными?
Premenstrual syndrome is one of the most common reasons why it is so bad before menstruation. Its manifestations may appear as a few hours, and a couple of days before the start of menstrual bleeding.
The fact that he is the cause of poor health can be judged by the following signs:
- In addition to nausea and vomiting, there are other signs of the syndrome: weakness, dizziness, pain in the lower abdomen, swelling or tenderness of the breast, decreased or increased appetite, mood changes often, I want to cry or everything is annoying, pimples appear. In most cases, there are only a few signs listed above.
- This condition is observed monthly or almost every month at the same time - before menstruation.
- During menstruation or immediately after them, the condition returns to normal.
Although for many women PMS has become almost the norm, in fact, menstruation is a natural phenomenon, therefore it should be well tolerated by the body. What, then, is nausea and dizziness?
Reasons why nausea occurs during menstruation:
- Changes in hormone levels. During the menstrual cycle, the body, in fact, prepares for pregnancy, but if it does not come, the level of progesterone drops sharply, which triggers the restructuring of the hormonal system to start a new cycle. This is a normal phenomenon and should not be strongly felt. But if the body is weakened and because of this it is very sensitive to the action of hormones, or the amount of hormones produced is different from the norm, such differences will be felt very strongly.
- Incorrect or non-standard anatomical structure of internal genital organs. For example, if the uterus is rejected back, the periods are usually painful and are accompanied by nausea from the very first menstruation.
- Inflammatory processes or adhesions. After hypothermia, complications of an infectious disease, sexually transmitted diseases, pain may occur during menstruation and other symptoms of PMS, even if they have never happened before.
- Physical or emotional overload. In a depleted organism, many processes go wrong, including hormonal changes.
What makes you sick during your period
If nausea before menstruation is associated with premenstrual syndrome, in most cases it passes with the onset of menstruation. But what does it mean if the menstruation is already going, and the state of health remains the same or has deteriorated?
Here are two reasons why when menstruation is very sick and dizzy:
- Serotonin boost.
- Excessive fluid content in the body (this can cause slight swelling on the face or feet).
These factors lead to an increase in intracranial pressure and impaired blood circulation throughout the body, especially in the brain. This causes headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting.
What can cause nausea after menstruation?
As well as nausea before menstruation, nausea after them may be due to the incorrect position of the uterus. In this case, the aching pain is usually felt in the lower abdomen or in the lower back.
Poor health after critical days may be due to the fact that during menstruation a woman was actively exercising in the gym, lifting weights. During exercise, the pressure of paravertebral tissues on the spinal cord increases, which is undesirable during menstruation.
Other reasons why sick before menstruation and after them may be pregnancy, hormonal disruptions, hormonal contraceptives or other drugs. In any case, if nausea is severely expressed, it would not be superfluous to consult a gynecologist and undergo a thorough examination.
How to recognize pregnancy and PMS
In every woman, the signs of PMS, as well as of the onset of pregnancy, may be similar or drastically different. For example, in some patients, doctors at first observe mild abdominal pain, which is characteristic of menstruation. For others, the syndrome is more severe. So, in addition to the above symptoms, a woman may be disturbed by panic attacks, which cause depression and often suicidal thoughts. As a rule, such destructive factors can be caused by severe psychological or physical trauma.
In such cases, you should contact the appropriate specialist to prevent extremely undesirable consequences.
Some manifestations of the syndrome are very similar to the symptoms that indicate pregnancy, so many women find it difficult to understand what exactly is happening with their body. First of all, it is necessary to exclude pregnancy, which may be indicated by such signs:
- frequent urination, often severe diarrhea,
- fatigue, lethargy, drowsiness, inability to concentrate on certain things,
- change in taste preferences
- in the first weeks after conception, nausea and vomiting in the morning.
If the menstrual cycle has failed, you should do a pregnancy test on the third or fifth day after the delay. In order to verify the correctness of the result obtained, it is also necessary to donate blood on hCG. This analysis will let you know the exact result.
What to do with nausea before menstruation
Before menstruation, nausea can be especially strong, which causes a lot of trouble for a woman. In addition, when it is accompanied by symptoms such as diarrhea, dizziness, severe pain in the lower abdomen, you should immediately consult a doctor, especially if pregnancy is still ruled out.
As an aid, it is recommended to adjust the diet. “Wrong” food can play a cruel joke with the body, increasing the level of stress and the load on its functionality. We are talking about spicy, fatty and junk food, which only aggravates the situation. If it forms the basis of the diet, it should be changed immediately. In addition, it is necessary to abandon soda, strong tea and coffee. Instead, you should use more pure water without gas, natural juices, herbal teas. All this will significantly ease the load on the body, and also help to avoid many diseases in the future.
Rejection of overly intense sports will help to improve the situation. For example, when there is a week before menstruation, you should not overload yourself with exercises in the gym or at home. A few days before the onset of menstruation, a woman should unload herself as much as possible, not take extra work and keep away from situations that can cause anxiety and stress. Well help in such cases means of traditional medicine. This is, first of all, teas made of mint, lemon balm, chamomile, sage tinctures.
You should also visit a specialist. You do not need to do this every month, but when you are very sick or even vomit before your period, you should contact your doctor. If discomfort is caused by premenstrual syndrome, the doctor will prescribe a drug that will ease the symptoms. Do not self-medicate, because each of the drugs has its own contraindications. Initially, it is important to exclude not only pregnancy, but also diseases that give rise to symptoms similar to PMS.
Etiology of the disease
The reasons are as follows:
- early pregnancy,
- hormonal contraceptives,
- endocrine diseases
- gastrointestinal tract diseases
- structural features of the female organs, in particular the uterus,
- nervous system disorders
- great physical exertion.
Pregnancy, especially in the early stages, can cause nausea. Symptoms of early pregnancy are similar to toxicosis, but in a milder form. About a week after fertilization, a woman may feel nauseous, dizzy. Smells around worsen due to changes in hormonal levels, which can provoke not only nausea, but also vomiting. In general, the symptoms of early pregnancy are similar to premenstrual syndrome, so they are so easily confused.
If sick before menstruation, and the reason for this is pregnancy, there will be other accompanying symptoms that a new life is born in the female body. Depending on the individual characteristics of the woman, her age, health, the symptoms may not all appear or be completely absent. The most common signs of early pregnancy are:
- lower abdominal pain
- scarce scarlet discharge,
- frequent mood swings
- feeling tired
- good appetite combined with a small weight loss
- tingling and heaviness in the chest, etc.
There are two ways to determine if a woman is pregnant or not in the early stages. The most effective of these is blood donation for hCG. Already a week after conception, you can learn about pregnancy. Another way is to conduct a pregnancy test at home, which is sold in a pharmacy. The disadvantage of this method is that it can be used no earlier than two weeks after the intended conception. To determine pregnancy in the early stages, it is better to purchase a more expensive test, which will have a higher susceptibility than inexpensive tests. To determine pregnancy, you can use the basal temperature measurement chart, which can also be used to track changes that indicate the conception occurred.
Nausea in early pregnancy is a short-term phenomenon, so it does not need to be treated. The real nausea in the period of toxemia will be several months after conception, but this is a completely different story.
Nausea before menstruation may be associated with endocrine diseases. Problems in the thyroid gland can lead to hormonal disorders. Before menstruation, a woman may experience nausea due to prostaglandin, a hormone that normally is responsible for many processes in the female body. Excess prostaglandin can suppress the hormone progesterone. Before menstruation it will be especially noticeable, as nausea will certainly appear.
If there are suspicions of problems with the thyroid gland, it is necessary to undergo examination by an endocrinologist and pass the necessary tests. Endocrine disorders are unsafe for women’s health, as they can lead to various disorders of the internal organs and lead to diseases such as diabetes and infertility.
To self-medicate in this case is dangerous to health. It is important to remember that nausea before menstruation is just an unpleasant symptom. The problem lies much deeper, and only a specialist can make an accurate diagnosis.
Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
Not always nauseous before menstruation may be due to PMS or pregnancy. Sometimes this nausea can occur due to problems with the digestive tract. Chronic gastritis, pancreatitis, cholecystitis can also be accompanied by nausea or vomiting, including on the eve of menstruation. This happens due to the weakening of the immune system and the body as a whole against the background of hormonal adjustment. Diseases can worsen during this period and subside for a while during other stages of the menstrual cycle.
In diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, in addition to nausea, symptoms such as acute pains in the stomach or pancreas, loss of appetite, dizziness, diarrhea or constipation can occur. If you experience these symptoms, you need to consult a gastroenterologist, undergo gastroscopy and ultrasound, as well as blood and urine tests and possibly stool test for egg list. Proper treatment of the identified disease will help get rid of nausea and other symptoms.
Manifestation of dysmenorrhea
Dysmenorrhea is often the cause of nausea before menstruation, which is confirmed by official statistics. Only 30% of women have never experienced this symptom, while the rest face it almost constantly. Dysmenorrhea is a special condition of a woman and her body that develops on the eve of menstruation. Most often, dysmenorrhea occurs in young girls, who on those days feel very bad, even to the extent of disability. In addition to nausea before menstruation, symptoms such as sweating, dizziness, insomnia, severe pain in the lower abdomen, giving to the groin and back can be traced.
Usually, dysmenorrhea is a satellite of girls whose menstrual cycle is unstable and lasts less than two years. Sometimes dysmenorrhea occurs on the background of nervous disorders, prolonged stress and depression. For girls suffering from anorexia or bulimia, these disorders are permanent. Also, dysmenorrhea can occur in women who, due to sports bias or work, are forced to lift weights. Sometimes dysmenoric disorders may indicate endometriosis.
To confirm the diagnosis, a comprehensive examination of the patient is performed, including ultrasound, laboratory tests, laparoscopy, magnetic resonance imaging, etc.
Dysmenorrhea is treated comprehensively, including conservative treatment, diet, normalization of the day.
Why is sick before menstruation impermanent, while there are no other pronounced symptoms? Recurrent nausea before menstruation may be associated with emotional distress experienced on the eve of unpleasant events. Taking sedatives often helps to deal with a similar symptom.
Sometimes nausea can occur due to severe pain that occurs on the eve of menstruation. This may be due to inflammatory processes occurring inside the body or with a feature of the structure of the uterus. Sometimes the uterus may be slightly shifted back. This is not a pathology, but rather an anomaly or a deviation from the norm. Because of the displacement, the uterus is close to the nerve endings and on special days it puts on them a lot of pressure, which is accompanied by pain and nausea.
The cause of nausea before menstruation may be an increased amount of serotonin in the cerebrospinal fluid. As a result, the pressure may increase, which will certainly cause nausea.
If the cause of nausea is not a disease or pregnancy, then you can try to eliminate it at home. The first step is to abandon the increased physical exertion. On the eve of menstruation, it is better to prefer calm sports, such as yoga, for example. With the help of some asanas, you can not only improve the flexibility of the body, but also eliminate unpleasant premenstrual symptoms, such as lower abdominal pain and nausea.
Food these days should be dietary, contain a large amount of vitamins and nutrients. Useful will be the use of cottage cheese and other low-fat dairy products. On the eve of menstruation, it is better to refuse fatty and smoked food. Women suffering from excess weight, you need to adhere to proper nutrition throughout the menstrual cycle, not only before menstruation. After all, overweight becomes a frequent cause of endocrine diseases, hormonal disruption, which can cause nausea, lower abdominal pain, develop pathological processes in the body and cause infertility.
Tamipul, the antispasmodic drug No-spa or Spazmalgon, will be suitable from medication for reducing pain and nausea.
Sometimes prescribed medications of plant origin, which normalize the hormonal balance in the body, for example, Mastodinon.
Herbal teas based on mint, lemon balm or chamomile will help to calm down. Herbal ingredients are absolutely safe for the female body. They will help relieve stress, reduce headaches and eliminate nausea. With the addition of herbal decoctions, you can take a warm bath, which will help relieve pain before menstruation and improve overall well-being.
Before menstruation, it is better to refuse to take carbonated drinks, from non-natural juices with a high content of preservatives and dyes. Drink the liquid should be a little, because an excess of fluid in the body can also cause nausea.
If nausea occurs regularly before menstruation, it is best to visit a doctor to determine the exact cause of this body behavior on the eve of menstruation.