ON MONDAY did not go to the pool. She put on red panties, got into a chair with her legs, read and waited for menstruation. They were supposed to start as early as Sunday - as precise as an expensive Swiss watch. Were Because neither on Sunday, nor on Monday, nor even on Tuesday did they begin. Everything around is annoying. Favorite looks with melancholy: “Why are you in such a rotten mood? Aaa, you have PMS! ”Oh, if you would. If you feel this gnawing heaviness in the lower abdomen! Yes, I agree to one hundred PMS! Wednesday morning brought no news into our lives. The pool had to be abandoned again: suddenly ... But "suddenly" did not happen again. I reviewed the calendar ten times a day, again I counted the days, even by the calculator, but I could not find any errors: during the day X it was still the same Sunday. Every fifteen minutes I run to the toilet - check. All to no avail. What could it be? Amenorrhea? Pregnancy? Climax?
Congratulations! You are pregnant!
Version 1It is the most common. Any girl who has a head, not only to eat it, knows where the children come from. The first thing to do without finding the monthly in the right place at the right time is to go straight to the nearest pharmacy and buy a pregnancy test. After the second day of delay, he will refute or confirm your doubts with an accuracy of 99%. With a short period of delay, it is important to use only fresh morning urine and watch the result no earlier than in 1-2 minutes, when the whole indicator space becomes wet. If the second band appears unclear, the result is still considered to be in favor of pregnancy. If it does not exist, and the suspicions still remain, a new test should be carried out in 2-3 days.
About visiting a gynecologist, I think, is not worth talking. Even if the test constantly gives a negative result, and the menstruation does not begin (amenorrhea is a violation of the cycle), you should consult this doctor. Of all the reasons for the absence of menstruation, described below, the doctor will choose yours, send you the necessary tests, do an ultrasound scan and prescribe a treatment suitable for your particular case. No newspaper article can replace the doctor and the actual examination. In each case there are lots of nuances and deviations. So, we do not accept what is written here as a panacea for everything in the world, but we get to know each other, stop worrying, we think that this is your case, wait a little more and go to the doctor.
Women do not ask age
Version 2, too, in general, known. You have two grown-up children who are not going today or tomorrow to make your grandchildren happy, a lot of romantic adventures in the past and a wealth of life experience. You even know that the production of eggs in women after 50 years of age stops. So, in the word "menopause" there is nothing terrible. Now it is familiar to you firsthand. Everyone experiences it differently. Your girlfriend may suffer bouts of apathy, migraine, suffer from the tides, and you will cut the neighborhood on a bicycle and enjoy life. Maybe the opposite. However, the absence of menstruation is quite natural in this case.
Amenorrhea. A thousand reasons
Doctors say that the absence of menstruation for no apparent reason for a non-pregnant woman of childbearing age is amenorrhea. In fact, there may be several reasons for amenorrhea.
Infectious and somatic diseasessuch as heart disease, liver disease, tuberculosis, sciatica.
Intoxication - poisoning of the body with a large amount of alcohol, some of the narcotic drugs, as well as mercury and lead.
Any uterine pathology - in this case, an accurate diagnosis, and even more so, a doctor can prescribe you only after a full examination. It should be noted that endometritis - inflammation of the mucous membrane of the uterus - causes a violation of the cycle.
Hormonal disorders - any disruption in the pituitary, ovaries, adrenal glands, thyroid. In this case, you will need to consult a gynecologist-endocrinologist.
Neuropsychiatric disorders. Any abnormalities in the autonomic nervous system can cause a malfunction in the body, so in this case, you should immediately consult a doctor.
There is blood. But it is not visible
In addition to the amenorrhea described above, the same diagnosis can be made with the addition “false”. This means that the ovaries function normally, there are cyclical changes, but the blood is not brought out due to some kind of obstacle. Most often this occurs in girls who seem to have no menstruation. If the hole in the hymen is too small, then the menstrual blood simply cannot come out. In adult women, there may be some obstacles in the cervix or vagina, but in practice this happens rarely.
You yourself are to blame
A strict diet, exhausting regime, very low weight, exhaustion and dystrophy - all this can influence the cycle and provoke its violation. In this case, the main thing - do not continue to torture yourself, give the body to eat normally. With a very busy schedule of the day - drink vitamins and be sure to relax, even if shaking off doing the right thing: health is more expensive. If even after the increase in weight menstruation did not return, it means that you have confused your body thoroughly and you should go to the gynecologist. And then, perhaps, to the endocrinologist.
Moving to another city or even a country, a quarrel with a loved one, conflicts with children, parking at work, a difficult session, a shock experienced, a tragedy seen by chance - all this leads to stress. And the stress hits the nerves. And the menstrual cycle. This is the case when a doctor is unlikely to be able to do anything. Most likely, you will be advised to drink ascorbic acid and wait for the results. Ascorbic need to take one tablet twice a day for 7-10 days. Then a couple of days to wait for menstruation. If they are still not there, then the matter is more serious. Again, you need to visit the gynecologist's office.
Ovarian dysfunction - a violation of their work. If you have not been diagnosed with any disease, and it took plenty of time to recover from stress, most likely you will be given such a diagnosis. Dysfunction can generally be triggered by a huge number of factors.
What we are going to do?
Most likely, you will need hormone therapy. Very often (if the disease was successfully stopped at the very beginning), doctors prescribe birth control pills for medical purposes.
For the correct diagnosis and treatment you need a blood test for hormones and ultrasound.
Sexually transmitted diseases can cause irregularities in the menstrual cycle if the inflammatory process reaches the uterus. For example, in case of trichomoniasis and chlamydia, if you do not go to a doctor in time, after a burning sensation in the vagina and the appearance of corrosive whites, the infection spreads to the cervix, and then the result is acute inflammation of the uterus. At this stage, there are already problems with the cycle. However, if you suddenly suspected that you had an STD and immediately went to the venereologist, you had a full course of treatment - there should be no violations of the cycle.
If you use such a method of protection as post-coital contraception, i.e. you take medications (postinor widely known in Russia) after intercourse, then it is important to bear in mind that their action is also capable of “delaying” menstruation. In addition, you need to know that "fire" contraception is allowed no more than 2 times a month, because the dose of hormones in these pills is too high - and it is not yet known how the body will respond to this. Although bleeding occurs more often after taking post-coital tablets, a delay is also possible.
In any case, the absence of menstruation - not the situation when you should rely on your own strength and hide from gynecologists.
Weak periods after a delay
Poor menstruation is almost always accompanied by a delay. All for the same reason - not enough progesterone. In the first phase of the cycle, the process is led by estrogen. Under his influence, the egg is born, grows, comes out of the follicle, ovulation occurs. Then the role of primacy is occupied by progesterone. It prepares the body for future pregnancy, regardless of whether it was fertilized or not. The endometrial layer thickens, and a place for embryo implantation is prepared. If fertilization was not, progesterone prepares the body for menstruation. On the eve of menstruation, estrogen increases again - critical days begin.
With an insufficient amount of progesterone, the whole chain is broken. The endometrial layer thickens more slowly, the uterus weakly contracting to reject it. There is a delay of 1 week to 1 month. And the monthly often go weakly.
Poor menstruation when taking contraceptives
Tablets violate natural processes. They inhibit the work of the ovaries, blocking the production of hormones. Instead, they come from the outside in a completely different quantity. The principle of birth control pills is based on the termination of ovulation. Insufficient level of progesterone does not allow endometrial development. As a result, there is nothing to reject. Monthly come scanty. And in the first 3 months of addiction they may not be at all. The same situation occurs after the abolition of pills. Then again the body will have to adapt to new conditions.
Sign of pregnancy - poor menstruation
Monthly and pregnancy - incomparable things. An insufficient amount of progesterone leads to the fact that during pregnancy there are periods. In such a situation, there is always a risk of failure. If pregnancy is desired, doctors prescribe a synthetic hormone, for example, Duphaston. If you do nothing, the pregnancy will fail. In most cases, weak bleeding comes with heavy bleeding with clots. It then terminates within 7 days. The situation is worse. Then the delay is present for 2 weeks, then begins a rapid bleeding. Without qualified help, a woman can die.
Approximately a week before the expected menstruation, the implantation of a fertilized egg into the uterine cavity occurs. Then droplets of blood appear in the discharge. A woman regards them as the beginning of critical days. But the next day, the allocation becomes normal.
Earlier deadlines come critical days due to diseases of the reproductive system. For example, with uterine myoma, menstruation can begin again on any day of the cycle. Violate the hormonal problems with thyroid problems.
Menstruation after duphaston
The drug is prescribed in the absence of menstruation, prolonged delay, bleeding during pregnancy, heavy menstruation. For each woman, the dosage is set separately. Regulated by doctors and the duration of the reception Duphaston. The monthly cycle is restored. But the nature of menstruation depends on the individual characteristics of the organism. Including, come scanty discharge.
Weak monthly brown color
Under the influence of oxygen, the microflora of the vagina, a small amount of blood quickly coagulates, a brown tint appears. Strange color secretions may be present after an abortion, during the intake of contraceptives, after childbirth, operations, with the IUD, due to illness.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU HAVE DETECTED MYOMO, CYST, INFERTILITY, OR OTHER DISEASE?
- You are worried about sudden abdominal pain.
- And long, chaotic and painful periods are already pretty tired.
- You have insufficient endometrium to get pregnant.
- Highlight brown, green or yellow.
- And the recommended drugs for some reason are not effective in your case.
- In addition, constant weakness and ailments have already firmly entered your life.
An effective treatment for endometriosis, cysts, fibroids, unstable menstrual cycle and other gynecological diseases exists.
A woman, as you know, is not only the keeper of the hearth, but also the healer. After all, to be beautiful, attractive and healthy, you need not only to learn the recipes of masks for hair and face, but also various medical tricks. Women try to carefully monitor the health of an intimate nature. Some are faced with such a violation as menstruation without blood.
Representatives of the weaker sex, who have identified in themselves, feel the pain of the abdomen, swelling of the mammary glands, and all the other signs of menstruation, and the blood comes out either very little or just a couple of drops. In medicine, this menstrual disorder is called "hypomenorrhea" and is considered a sign of a chronic violation of the menstrual cycle in a girl. But there are also other cases when there pass monthly without blood, which are not considered as an anomaly.
There are two types of hypomenorrhea in women - primary and secondary. The definition of primary meager blood exudates is that they were originally such. From the very appearance of the girl and did not exceed 50 ml. By secondary hypomenorrhea, they mean a small blood flow, as a result of some kind of malfunction in the body, and before that the menstruation was normal.
The first periods of a woman are very scarce or abundant, do not appear on time, or linger for several months. In the body is the formation of a cycle that is fully established during the year. Then the menstruation will return to normal and instead of brown daub, blood will be released as it should be.
The primary hypomenorrhea of menstruation can be characterized by these disorders only when, even after the first year after menarche, there was no improvement and meager blood excretion appears as before. In this case, you need to consult a specialist and treatment. Such a disorder requires a serious and responsible approach.
Hypomenorrhea in girls requires a serious approach to treatment.
At a certain age, women complete disappearance of menstruation. The gradually changing hormonal background leads to the impossibility of conception. Before the onset of menopause, the menstrual cycle fails and menstruation passes without blood. Often there are complaints of hypomenorrhea, in which blood is released very little.
Secondary hypomenorrhea can happen not only in women who are at the age of menopause. It can also be revealed in young girls. Improper depleting diets, reduced immunity, impairment due to illness - all this can lead to poor blood discharge during menstruation.
Symptoms of poor monthly
Sometimes the girls' periods are so scanty that instead of blood a few drops or a brown “daub” can come out. A woman immediately notices that she went to her period without blood. Doctors have established a lower threshold of menstruation - 50 ml, this is a valid discharge of blood during the period of menstruation. If hemorrhage is less, then it is a pathology.
It is important to identify symptoms of scanty menses on time. Check the beginning with the calendar, and with noticeable changes in the amount of discharge, contact the doctor.
Hypomenorrhea in a girl is accompanied by spasmodic pains in the back and lower back, nausea, sometimes vomiting, dizziness, weakness, lethargy, irritability, and, less commonly, nasal bleeding. In many women, due to the failure of the hormonal cycle and a decrease in estrogen in the blood, sexual desire disappears.
Weakness and dizziness
To make an accurate diagnosis and, based on it, start therapy, it is necessary to determine the genus of hypomenorrhea, whether it is primary or secondary. In young girls, primary hypomenorrhea begins due to various pathologies of the development of the pelvic organs and abnormalities from birth.
A reduced amount of estrogen accumulating in adipose tissue is also one of the causes of the disorder. It happens that a woman is constantly on a rigid diet, exhausting her body, and then wonders why she has hypomenorrhea.
Scientists have noticed a close relationship between the mental health of a teenager and the development of his hormonal background. Mentally unbalanced girls often exhibit hypomenorrhea and regular menstrual failures.
The impetus to the development of secondary hypomenorrhea are postoperative complications, trauma during childbirth, narrowing of the cervix, which does not let blood through. An important role is played by the state of the endometrium (after curettage), it becomes immune to hormones. Thyroid disorders adversely affect the cycle. If the thyroid gland is impaired, the composition of the blood and the presence of hormones change. If a person suffers from such diseases, he needs to take drugs that regulate the balance of hormones.
A woman should get enough sleep, eat right, get vitamins. These uncomplicated factors can play a major role in health and the menstrual cycle.
Is it possible to cure hypomenorrhea
All disorders of the menstrual cycle of a woman are treatable and recovered with medication. Is it possible to cure hypomenorrhea by yourself every woman who has faced this problem wants to know. But you can not risk your health by self-healing. You need to contact a specialist who knows his business. Not only the physical condition, but also the possibility of having children depends on how effective the hypomenorrhea treatment is.
To help drugs cope with the violation and low blood secretion during menstruation, you need to walk, diversify the diet, sleep at least 8 hours a day, do exercises. Yoga, Pilates, swimming, dancing - all this contributes to well-being and speedy recovery.
With violation of a menstrual cycle each woman faces. Increased bleeding and lack of blood during menstruation is an obvious pathology. The reasons may be internal and external factors. Sometimes it is enough to reconsider the way of life, to establish good nutrition, everything falls into place. But in some cases, the situation requires treatment to specialists, long-term treatment. Monthly without blood got the name "hypomenorrhea." Observed primary hypomenorrhea, which occurs in adolescent girls, secondary, which appears in adult women after a normal menstrual cycle.
Every woman knows what her period looks like, how long it should last. However, there are situations when instead of blood there is colorless mucus, similar to egg white. In this case, the state of the body as during menstruation, but it is also worse. Throws it in the heat, then in the cold, headache, stomach aches, sick to vomiting, mood swings. By all indications, a woman can say that she has periods and no blood.
The main cause of colorless menstruation is hormonal disturbance. Moreover, the hormone estrogen dominates, which must be present at a high level in the first phase of the cycle. An insufficient amount of progesterone makes it impossible to fully complete the menstrual cycle. The layer of the endometrium does not increase to a certain level, the uterus is in no hurry to make a rejection. In addition to this, the pressure drops, while, as usual, it should increase. Low blood circulation makes it impossible to begin monthly. There are mucous transparent discharge in large quantities. In a healthy woman, these are at the time of ovulation.
Scanty discharge consists of menstrual blood, mucus. Under the influence of oxygen, the acidic environment of the vagina, the drops of blood quickly coagulate and go brown. The cause of this phenomenon is also a violation of hormonal levels. Only in this case, menstruation met more obvious signs. Blood is present - only in small quantities. Under certain circumstances, menstruation without blood is quite normal:
- hormonal pills,
- gynecological surgery
- climate change,
- menopause period
- nervous breakdown.
The menstrual cycle is adjusted naturally. For example, the development of menstruation in girls is given about 2 years. Climax lasts about 5 years. During this time there are blood discharge during menstruation, their complete absence, heavy bleeding.
Instead of normal monthly only clots
Blood discharge during menstruation always contain a small amount of clots. These are particles of the endometrium that come out with blood during menstruation. So the uterus is cleaned, renewed, restored, preparing for a new cycle. A large number of clots suggests a violation of hormonal levels. The imbalance of pathology of the thyroid, adrenal glands, brain, pituitary gland provokes. The situation is peculiar to women during menopause. For gynecological diseases:
- endometrial polyposis,
- uterine fibroids.