The main function of a woman is to give life to a new person, it is possible not at any age. At the turn of 43-45 years, changes occur in the physiology of women: the production of sex hormones gradually fades, ovulation and ovarian follicle production weakens. This period is called climax. In Greek, the word translates as "step". For a woman, this is indeed a turning point, a new stage, a step that limits the ability to continue the race. But does this happen immediately or is pregnancy still possible during menopause?
Can I get pregnant with menopause?
To answer the question whether you can become pregnant with menopause, you need to understand the processes that occur in a woman's body. The climacteric period in its development goes through several stages. The precursor of change is premenopause, during which the level of estrogen and follicle-stimulating hormone rises, but does not exceed the norm. Gradually, the reaction of the ovaries to hormones is reduced, as a result of which the eggs lose their ability to fully and mature in time. There are violations of the menstrual cycle. The onset of premenopause in each woman occurs differently, but mostly it happens after 43-45 years and can last as much as 55 years. During this period, the risk of becoming pregnant decreases, but is not excluded, and therefore there is a jump in unwanted pregnancies. The absence of a long period of menstruation is taken for the onset of menopause, and women cease to be protected.
The next stage begins after the last menstruation, lasts a year and is called menopause. On average, a woman approaches him at the age of 51. Various stresses, unhealthy lifestyles, the use of certain medications can accelerate the arrival of menopause. At this stage, it is almost impossible to get pregnant, and yet gynecologists recommend to be protected for at least a year after the cessation of menstruation, and even up to 5 years.
After menopause, postmenopausal occurs, the reproductive system undergoes irreversible changes, becomes unsuitable for fertilization. For a woman, it is time for withering and old age. Postmenopause lasts until the end of life. At this stage, the onset of pregnancy is not possible in a natural way.
The probability of pregnancy with menopause
The probability of pregnancy during menopause in the first two periods (premenopause and menopause) is quite high, because the reproductive function of the body gradually fades away, the production of eggs weakens, but continues. For unwanted pregnancy, early menopause is dangerous when menstruation is unstable and the woman loses control over the time of their occurrence. Artificial insemination (in vitro fertilization) is possible at all stages of menopause, but undesirable. Any pregnancy leads to hormonal changes in the body. The same thing happens during menopause. This tandem translates into exacerbation of chronic ailments. Hypertensive disease often occurs, metabolism is disturbed, bone density is reduced, calcium is eliminated from the body, and kidney function deteriorates. The body suffers from double the load. Late pregnancy adversely affects the fetus. The probability of genetic abnormalities in a child, Down's disease and other various pathologies increases. Complications are also possible during childbirth, which are expressed in bleeding and ruptures of the birth canal.
How to distinguish pregnancy from menopause?
How to distinguish pregnancy from menopause? For menopause is characterized by a number of signs that are called "menopausal syndrome". This term includes the symptoms of neuropsychiatric, cardiovascular and endocrine disorders.
On the part of the nervous system, irritability, insomnia, a constant feeling of anxiety and fear for oneself and one’s loved ones, depression, lack of appetite or vice versa, an increased desire to “jam” one’s anxiety can be observed.
The cardiovascular system also makes itself felt: frequent headaches due to vasospasm, increased pressure, dizziness, rapid heartbeat, sudden flushes, during which the woman is covered with sweat.
The endocrine system also suffers: malfunctions in the thyroid gland and the adrenal glands are possible, resulting in a feeling of fatigue, pain in the joints, a change in body weight, itching of the genitals.
Common to pregnancy and menopause is the absence of menstruation and some symptoms that overlap with the above. However, during pregnancy there are uncharacteristic signs of menopause: toxicosis, swelling of the chest, aching pain in the lower back. A woman should pay attention to the “tips” and not remain careless in this situation, but clarify it by going to the doctor and conducting laboratory tests. A pregnancy test may not show a pregnancy because the hormone necessary for the test reaction during menopause is poorly produced and may not be sufficient to determine the condition.
Ectopic pregnancy with menopause
According to statistics, 1-2% of women have an ectopic pregnancy. The mechanism of its occurrence is that the fertilized cell as a result of the fusion of the egg and sperm (zygote), is attached to the uterine tube or ovary, and sometimes enters the abdominal cavity, and does not enter the uterine cavity for further growth, as occurs during normal pregnancy . The zygote continues to grow in conditions unsuitable for its development outside the uterus and can rupture the tube or damage the ovary. This is very dangerous for a woman, because causes heavy bleeding with an outflow into the abdominal cavity, infection of its tissues and, as a result, the occurrence of peritonitis. The final may be the removal of the uterus and even the death of a woman.
The most obvious symptoms of ectopic pregnancy are abdominal pain and bloody discharge. Localization of pain occurs depending on the place where the fertilized cell is attached. If it develops in the uterine (fallopian) tube, then the pain is felt in the side, while abdominal - in the middle of the abdomen, when moving, walking and changing the position of the body can increase. The time of onset of such symptoms also depends on the location of the fetus and may occur from 5-6 weeks of gestation, sometimes from 8 weeks.
Among the number of causes of ectopic pregnancy, which are called doctors (inflammation of the ovaries and tubes, cystitis, artificial abortions, past infections and gynecological operations), are hormonal changes. Thus, ectopic pregnancy with menopause is possible and, moreover, women in menopause are in an area of increased risk. With the hormonal alteration of the body, the fallopian tubes are narrowed, as a result of which their transit functions are disturbed. Also, a woman after 40-45 years more burdened than the young, various chronic gynecological and other ailments that can cause this pathology.
To avoid serious consequences of ectopic pregnancy will help timely treatment in the gynecological consultation, where they will conduct an ultrasound, and also make a blood test for the presence of a hormone that is released during pregnancy. With ectopic pregnancy, its content is reduced. To date, there is a single method of treatment - operational.
The first signs of pregnancy with menopause
If a woman has ever harvested a fetus, then she will definitely be alerted by some of the distinctive features of the conditions characteristic of menopause. These may include:
- changes in taste preferences
- nausea, and often vomiting from disgusting odors,
- breast swelling,
- rapid fatigue and drowsiness,
- nagging pains in the sacrum,
- heavy sweating.
These may be the first signs of pregnancy with menopause. A blood test from a vein will give the exact answer to the question.
Doctors do not recommend planning a pregnancy even with an early menopause, since This is not only an excessive burden on the woman’s body, but also a risk to the fetus. Interruption of unwanted pregnancy in menopause is also dangerous, because the cervix at this age is atrophic and there may be complications. And yet, doctors strongly recommend the latter option. Every woman needs to remember that pregnancy during menopause is real and better to warn her than to pay for your mistakes with your health.
Climax and its periods:
Throughout the life of a woman, the reproductive organs form female sex cells, sex hormones are produced - the body prepares for a possible pregnancy. Enough time is allotted for this - from the period of maturation in adolescence to the onset of menopause. The normal functioning of the body is indicated by menstruation, in which the unfertilized egg leaves the ovaries and begins to mature a new one.
Depending on the individual characteristics of the organism, reproductive function begins to fade away at 35, and 45, and even 60 years. For most women, the age of 45 is considered critical - at this time the first signs of menopause appear and within a few years the menopausal syndrome is fixed.
In the climax, there are three stages, successively following each other.
Premenopause begins to count from the first manifestation of menopause, and the end of the period is considered the last menstruation. According to different sources, the stage can begin in 30-40 years and lasts 6-10 years. During this period, the production of estrogen decreases, as a result of which the menstrual cycle is disturbed, menstruation is irregular, and there are more or less secretions. As a rule, other notable symptoms are absent.
Menopause is considered the last menstruation. It is important to understand that with the onset of menopause, the cycle gets off so much that there may not be a period of several months, but then the menstruation begins again. True menopause is called if critical days do not come within 1-1.5 years.
By this stage, all major changes in the body have already occurred. Hormone restructuring is complete, the ovaries no longer produce sex hormones. The organs that are affected by estrogen and other hormones are subject to hypotrophic changes: the uterus decreases, the amount of pubic hair decreases, and the mammary glands also change.
During what stage of menopause is pregnancy possible?
A woman may become pregnant if the eggs continue to mature. It occurs in premenopause, less often in menopause. As for the first stage of menopause, conception can occur with high probability, just like an ordinary 20-year-old girl. During the year after the last month of pregnancy, it is also possible, but the eggs are produced with less frequency, and no woman is insured that this will not happen.
In postmenopausal pregnancy is impossible.
How to distinguish menopause from pregnancy?
Another unexpected question for women who enter into menopause.
I would like to immediately note that if you suspect a pregnancy is better to contact the antenatal clinic, because tests can distort the result due to hormonal changes.
One of the common features of the conception and menopause that occurred is delayed menstruation. The second similar symptom is nausea. During pregnancy, seizures occur mainly in the morning, but when it comes to menopause, nausea can catch at any time of the day.
Both processes are characterized by a change in taste preferences, also with a special reservation: during pregnancy, some smells, types and tastes of food cause a very strong disgust, even vomiting. Menopausal syndrome is characterized by dislike for food odors and tastes, they can irritate and cause headaches, but not nauseous.
General malaise and weakness are present during pregnancy and in the extinction of reproductive function. In the first case, the woman experiences dizziness and weakness, accompanied by chills and cold sweat, whereas during menopause there are more hot flashes, especially in the upper part of the body.
The soreness of the chest and abdomen appear approximately equally, therefore, it is difficult to distinguish between the two conditions according to these signs. But according to the nature of the discharge, it is possible to make an assumption: during pregnancy, they become more, and during menopause, dryness and discomfort in the vagina are noted.
In any case, if a woman has a suspicion of pregnancy, you should visit a doctor.
How to recognize pregnancy with menopause using the test?
There is a specially designed rapid test that allows you to determine pregnancy or menopause even before going to the gynecologist. This test is aimed at identifying follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), the content of which decreases in the case of conception and increases with the onset of menopause.
It is easy to conduct a mini-study: just like a familiar pregnancy test. You need to put a strip in the morning urine for 10 seconds and you can already see the result. With an increased amount of FSH, two bright stripes will appear, with a reduced amount - one.
For the reliability of the result, it is desirable to repeat the test after 7-10, but only a specialist can give the most reliable result.
What is dangerous pregnancy after menopause?
Obviously, with the extinction of reproductive function, pregnancy will proceed differently, and the risks are greater. To preserve the fetus or not, the woman decides with the doctor: after a series of studies, the gynecologist should warn her about possible threats and consequences.
- Pregnancy after 40 years creates a certain risk of congenital abnormalities of the child, which are determined at the chromosomal level. One common disorder is Down Syndrome,
- With the onset of premenopause, the body gradually “calms down” in the reproductive sense. When conception occurs, all systems are under tremendous pressure: the endocrine and reproductive systems work to their full potential. This contributes not only to the maintenance of the development of the fetus, but also to the stimulation of various processes in the body, including tumor,
- In the period of menopause, the body experiences a big shake under the influence of changing conditions. When pregnancy occurs, the effect increases several times, the pregnancy is more difficult to tolerate, the slightest negative impact leads to serious complications.
Usually with the onset of menopause, a woman has already taken place as a mother and is not morally ready to experience another baby’s birth. Often, mature women rather calmly decide to terminate a pregnancy in order to protect themselves and their family. However, pregnancy after 35–40 years often proceeds successfully, a healthy and strong child is born, and the mother’s body recovers well after high-quality therapy. So to give birth or not to give birth, only a pregnant woman should decide, taking into account everything that the attending physician will say.
After 40 years, when the first signs of menopause appear, women often relax and forget about contraception, thinking that the probability of pregnancy is zero. This is true if the last periods have passed more than two years ago. In other cases, conception is quite possible, if sexual contact occurs on a favorable day for conception.
When there are signs of menopause, each woman should visit the doctor and be examined to ensure that the hormonal “shock” does not affect the functioning of other organs and systems.