Is it possible to do an ultrasound during menstruation? That is the question many women ask. It is not always possible to choose a convenient time for the passage of this procedure. In spite of everything, we have to go to the reception and worry if they will send it back. We will try to answer this question in this article.
You have already signed up for a certain day to go through this study, take time off from work, and generally want to find out if everything is in order with your health. But suddenly a surprise came: an unplanned menstruation began. Is this a reason to cancel? Now you have a dilemma: do ultrasound during menstruation. Is it harmful to do ultrasound at all during this period? We will try to answer further. And now let's clarify what this procedure is for.
The invention of the ultrasound device has truly worked wonders and advanced medicine far ahead. With it, you can see the sex of the child, which previously could not do. Parents learned about who they will be, only after his birth. Moreover, it allows you to see various diseases in the very early stages.
And how indispensable is the ultrasound machine in gynecology! Women who cannot become pregnant, monitor the process of ovulation. Is it possible to do an ultrasound during menstruation? This question is also asked by those whose cycle is extremely irregular. With the help of ultrasound, you can track when they come, until the day.
With the onset of pregnancy without it at all. The early stages of ectopic fertilization are diagnosed solely by means of it.
Yes, and a favorable pregnancy is also examined at least three times on this device. At these moments, they look at the height and weight of the baby, at the development of its organs. And with the invention of 3D and 5D, you can see how your son or daughter is waving a hand to you or smiling.
Thus, ultrasound is absolutely indispensable in various branches of medicine.
Should I do an ultrasound during menstruation, the doctor will tell you. As practice shows, many doctors do not recommend doing an ultrasound during this period. Due to the presence of blood clots on the cervix, the specialist will not be able to see the thickness of the endometrium, nor assess the condition of your mucosa. In addition, there is often simply no need to rush. It is worth waiting a few days, and nothing will interfere with you in this important matter.
Usually, a vaginal probe in gynecology is carried out by ultrasound. During menstruation, is it possible to do an ultrasound of the uterus? This is asked by each patient who comes to see a doctor during this inappropriate period.
We will touch the ethical side in this situation. Will it be nice and comfortable for the girl when she starts doing this procedure with a vaginal sensor? After all, as a rule, in such a situation the uterus is tense and slightly inflated. There is discomfort in the lower back, lower abdomen. And then you have to do an ultrasound. Still, if this is really menstruation, and not uterine bleeding, then it is worthwhile to choose a more suitable moment for research.
Undoubtedly, there are situations when it is impossible to postpone such a thing. Is it possible to do ultrasound during menstruation, when there are strong cramps in the abdomen? Of course, yes. Not only possible, but necessary. When you enter the hospital in serious condition, you are examined, despite the "women's days".
In addition, if you have uterine fibroids, then it is examined additionally during this period. With a functional ovarian cyst, you will also be invited to be examined during menstruation. It is necessary to monitor, it decreases or remains in former sizes.
And of course, ultrasound will not be contraindicated when there is a threat of pregnancy. This is not the usual monthly, but bleeding. In this case, you will be carefully examined on an ultrasound machine and will draw conclusions about the viability of the fetus. If necessary, you will be referred for treatment.
What to do if this trouble took you aback right on the way to the hospital? Is it possible to do ultrasound of the pelvic organs during menstruation? Fortunately, not everything is so sad, and there is one option: to ask the doctor to use not the vaginal, but the abdominal sensor. With it, you do not have to undress naked, but only to open the abdomen. But here there are some subtleties. First, it is usually done on a full bladder. Because this is how the dense organs appear. But secondly, even with this condition, not everything can be seen. Of course, the doctor will describe to you the overall picture of what is happening. For example, large formations, like a cyst, are easily identified with such a study. But the polyps, differing in small size, the doctor hardly makes out.
Therefore, with a constant cycle, it is better to schedule an appointment with a specialist immediately after the end of menstruation. The optimal period is from the sixth to the eleventh day. During this period, you can best assess your female health. Ovulation has not yet occurred, no changes will be observed.
After reading our article, you now know exactly whether it is possible to do an ultrasound during menstruation. As it turned out, there are no strict contraindications to this, but the doctor simply will not see the whole picture.
Only in emergency cases you need to resort to this procedure. But this will probably not be your decision, but your doctor. He will assess the feasibility of the study.
I want to believe that there will be no such unplanned moments of your life. Better in the middle of the cycle to go to the doctor's office and ask for an appointment.
Do ultrasound of the pelvis during menstruation? In fact, pelvic ultrasound during menstruation is not the best option. Except for cases with endometriosis, the research value is low, and the procedure is unhygienic.
Of course, any transvaginal examination is carried out in a special condom, worn on the sensor, and after the procedure, the sensor is processed. However, it is important to know: a routine study of the pelvic organs during the height of the menstruation is not performed and the doctor is entitled to refuse to you in this study.
There are more options when ultrasound during menstruation is done for an emergency:
- Suspected Ectopic Pregnancy.
- Suspected spontaneous miscarriage.
- Suspicion of expulsion or displacement of the intrauterine system (IUD).
- Abnormal bleeding from the genital tract, not associated with menstruation.
However, it is important to understand that in these cases only an acute and life-threatening pathology is excluded, and the doctor will still recommend that the woman come again on the required “right” day.
In what cases the procedure is not recommended?
If a woman has an irregular cycle or procedure that was prescribed in advance under a health insurance policy, the menstruation may begin at the wrong time. This raises the question of whether to undergo an ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs, as well as other body systems.
There are a number of reasons why ultrasound diagnostics of the uterus and ovaries cannot be performed during this period.
Routine ultrasound of the small pelvis and mammary glands is not recommended during regular bleeding. This is due to several reasons:
- Impossibility to assess endometrial changes.
- Not visible small pathology in the uterus.
- Breast tissue analysis is uninformative.
The inner lining of the uterus during menstruation looks like a heterogeneous structure. According to her condition, the doctor will not be able to identify some of the changes that exist in the endometrium.
In such conditions, the doctor simply does not have the opportunity to see many small tumors.. Therefore, ultrasound during menstruation is a waste of time. It will not reveal changes in the state of the endometrium and the walls of the uterus itself.
Since the mammary glands are part of the reproductive system, their examination will also be inappropriate during this period.
Briefly about ultrasound
Ultrasound investigation is based on the principle of using ultrasonic waves. They penetrate the tissues and are reflected from them in different ways, depending on the density of the barrier. Sensors pick up the returned signals and transmit them to the computer, where the data is instantly processed and displayed on the monitor screen as a graphic image. It can be two-dimensional, in a 3D-version.
Ultrasound can be done in three ways. The classic version is percutaneous, when the sensor slides on the outer surface of the abdominal cavity. During transrectal examination, a device in the form of a long tube is inserted into the anus. The transvaginal method provides a special nozzle that penetrates directly into the uterus.
When an ultrasound is prescribed
The urgency of the ultrasound study is determined by the doctor depending on the cycle, diseases and their form. To confirm some diagnoses, an ultrasound scan can be scheduled before menstruation, and then immediately after them. Examination before menstruation allows you to determine early pregnancy. Especially if there is a weekly delay in menstruation (if they have a clear timetable).
In the 2nd half of the cycle, ultrasound is more often done to women who have menopause. At this time, the schedule of the arrival of menstruation gets off, and sometimes uterine bleeding occurs, which can be confused with monthly. If a gynecological disease is suspected or diagnosed, then an ultrasound scan is prescribed for the examination of the reproductive system. The best time for diagnosis is considered 8-11 day cycle. Chest examination is carried out on the 5-14 day.
Is ultrasound prescribed during menstruation?
Ultrasound examination of the reproductive system (uterus, both appendages, ovaries, breast) is performed during a period when there is no menstruation. If information is obtained at this stage, then the overall picture will be less informative, and the diagnosis will not show a number of diseases at all.
Therefore, it is recommended to do an ultrasound after menstruation for 8-11 days. At this time, the thickness of the new mucosal layer is small and all pathological processes are clearly visible in the image. There are also a number of pathologies when choosing a date for a survey does not matter. In some diseases, the doctor directs the patient to an ultrasound on the first day after the menstrual period is over to determine the condition of the endometrium.
Exceptional cases when carried out ultrasound during menstruation
Menstruation is not an absolute contraindication for ultrasound. Such an examination is performed in some cases when doctors urgently need to obtain information about organs located in the pelvic area. Also, ultrasound investigation is carried out:
- To know the state of the ovaries or myometrium. For example, if a patient has a cyst or fibroid. In this case, even incomplete information for the doctor will be important.
- The examination is prescribed in the presence of malignant tumors.
- With the appearance of suppuration, ectopic pregnancy.
- After complicated abortions.
Ultrasound during menstruation is done when a woman has a strong and incessant bleeding. Especially during pregnancy, which threatens its normal course. This may indicate a possible miscarriage. The blood in the uterus does not interfere with the assessment of the ovum and the strength of its attachment to the wall.
Preparation for the survey
Before the ultrasound examination of the reproductive organs or the abdominal cavity (they are often carried out simultaneously), a little preparation is necessary. A few days before the survey, all foods and drinks that cause flatulence (sweets, cabbage, beans, kvass, etc.) are excluded from the diet.
From the evening before the procedure, the intestines are cleaned with an enema. Do not syring before ultrasound diagnosis. During this period, the uterine cervix is slightly ajar, which increases the risk of infection. Douching can provoke the development of diseases. On the day before the ultrasound, you need to take a shower, take a clean diaper with you.
Is abdominal ultrasound performed during menstruation?
Contraindications for ultrasound diagnosis of peritoneal organs during menstruation is not. The examination is necessarily carried out on any given day, if anxious symptoms appear in the form
- nausea with bitter taste
- heaviness in the stomach after eating,
- pain under the ribs on the right side
- severe bloating.
During the ultrasound will be examined:
- reproductive system.
Scanning is carried out through the outer surface of the abdominal cavity. Preliminary training is to cleanse the intestines and diet. If necessary, the bladder is filled with water before the examination.
Advantages and disadvantages of ultrasound in the period of menstruation
Usually, ultrasound diagnostics during the course of menstruation is not performed. However, sometimes such a survey is necessary. For example, with ultrasound during menstruation:
- In the first (1-3) days of the cycle, polyps, fibroids or hyperplasia are best diagnosed.
- If menstruation is irregular or a woman is treated for infertility, then the examination is performed in the 1st half of the cycle, then repeated every two weeks (the interval can be 20 days). The number of procedures and the time they are carried out is determined in each case exclusively individually.
- With severe bleeding that may indicate dangerous pathology.
- Specifies the nature of the tumor (physiological or pathological).
After the end of the month some diseases can not be determined. For example, mini-cysts up to one centimeter. After 5 days after the appearance of the formation of thickened, and their definition is much more complicated. In hypermenorrhea, the state of the endometrium is determined more accurately if the examination is carried out during menstruation.
Why ultrasound should not be carried out during menstruation?
During menstruation, blood clots accumulate in the uterus. Because of them, small formations, erosion, polyps and some pathological processes are poorly visible. The thickness of the endometrium is not determined, nor is the state of the inflamed infected tissue. As a result, the doctor may have doubts and will need to be re-examined.
Ultrasound diagnostics carried out during the course of menstruation may lead to an incorrect diagnosis and, accordingly, treatment. This may even aggravate the patient's condition.
Answering the question whether it is possible to do ultrasound during menstruation, it should be noted that it is impossible to perform a scan of the pelvic organs using the transvaginal method. Menstrual flow will interfere with scanning. In addition to the above, a woman may experience emotional discomfort. Also negative sensations due to muscle cramps that occur in the abdomen. In addition, the movement of the sensor inside the vagina can even cause pain.
Ultrasound scanning is harmless and safe for humans. You can do it, regardless of the day of the cycle. However, the accuracy of the data obtained will depend on the timing of the diagnosis. If the endometrium is already very thickened or there are a lot of blood clots in the uterus, then some diseases cannot be detected at all, and some have to be confirmed with the help of additional studies.
When is it better to do an ultrasound
Ultrasound examination is prescribed in cases where the use of other medical equipment is useless or additional examination of organs through echography is necessary. In this way, virtually all human organs can be examined, but women are concerned about the question: can ultrasound be done during menstruation? The answer will not be unequivocal, since everything depends on the localization of the studied organ or on the severity of the pathology and, accordingly, the urgency of the examination.
Experienced doctors usually prescribe an ultrasound, if it is not urgent, on the 8th - 10th day of the menstrual cycle, this period is recommended mainly for the study of genital organs. If you need to explore the mammary glands, then gynecologists recommend a period from 6 to 14 days of the menstrual cycle. You should be aware that the ultrasound results of the reproductive organs and mammary glands can be influenced by menstruation due to changes in the hormonal background and the presence of blood and its clots in the uterus - making it difficult to look at the cavities and tissues. The best period will be - after the end of menstrual discharge before the onset of ovulation.
If the treating gynecologist suspects the presence of any pathology of the reproductive system and pelvic organs, he can refer to an ultrasound scan immediately when suspicion is dangerous to health or even life. Investigations of non-risk deviations are best performed on non-monthly days.
When a monthly delay occurs, an ultrasound scan can be used to confirm the pregnancy, if any. Bleeding during pregnancy - maybe because of the implantation of the fetus or to signal its possible breakdown, to help or monitor the condition of the embryo - experts prescribe an ultrasound, regardless of the day of the cycle or the duration of the pregnancy.
Причины сделать УЗИ во время менструации
Случаются причины, когда УЗИ надо сделать незамедлительно или именно в дни месячных. Each organ is individual, and responds in its own way to the menstrual days of women. The results of the pelvic ultrasound will depend greatly on the day of the cycle. Which bodies require urgent research during critical days, and which will be an exception during this period? Let us analyze.
- Ultrasound of the uterus during menstruation - they do if the patient has uterine fibroids or a suspicion of her. In cases where it is necessary to examine the endometrium and the mucous membrane of the uterus, this study may be powerless, due to the difficulty of inspection due to blood clots in its cavity and neck.
- Ultrasound of the ovaries may be needed if you have a cyst. During the period of critical days, changes in the size of the cyst and its progression are most visible. In other cases, the study of echography on critical days will be undesirable.
- Thyroid ultrasound can be done on any day of the cycle; it has nothing to do with the reproductive system and is not amenable to menstrual failure.
- Ultrasound of the bladder - is carried out without restrictions on menstruation, as it is located in the retroperitoneal cavity.
- Ultrasound of the kidneys, adrenal glands and ureters, as well as other organs of the abdominal cavity - will always give the correct result, regardless of the monthly.
In an ultrasound examination during menstruation, women with alarming symptoms may need. For example - bleeding from the genital tract (long and scanty or abundant) not associated with menstruation (pregnancy or pathology), may cause an emergency medical research. Suspicion of ectopic pregnancy also can not be postponed to the end of menstruation, as it carries the risk of tube rupture and internal bleeding. Sharp and strong pain in the lower abdomen, will also be a good reason for ultrasound examination of the organs of the peritoneum and the small pelvis. In the main, ultrasound during critical days is made a classic “cutaneous” sensor, since the use of transvaginal ultrasound is unjustified and unhygienic, with the exception of emergency and urgent situations.
The case for ultrasound during menstruation
Ultrasound with monthly can be done and even necessary in certain cases. During menstruation, changes occur in the reproductive organs, which help to identify possible pathologies or neoplasms.
What can be examined or detected in the first days of the monthly cycle:
- Myoma and uterine polyps,
- Cysts in the ovaries,
- Endometrial hyperplasia of the uterus,
- An exact characteristic of the formations (pathological or physiological) is given.
In the treatment of infertility and irregularities of the cycle - the doctor may refer the patient to an ultrasound scan to determine the period of ovulation or to recognize the causes of cyclic failures. Ultrasound during menstruation can be done - if this is necessary and the testimony of the doctor.
Arguments - against ultrasound during menstruation
Menstrual changes in the reproductive organs and blood clots can adversely affect the ultrasound results. That is why in the period of menstruation, ultrasound of the pelvic organs is often not recommended, unless there are special reasons and evidence from the doctor.
Negative factors during ultrasound during menstruation:
- The impossibility of seeing small cysts or polyps in the uterus and ovaries due to the accumulation of blood,
- Poor erosion and the degree of possible inflammation of the walls of the uterus, vagina and appendages,
- The unreality of biometric examinations (measurement of the wall thickness of the uterus, the degree of follicular growth).
Preparing for ultrasound on critical days
In cases where your doctor still sends you to an ultrasound, you need to make some preparatory procedures. If the doctor does not know about periods, which coincided with the study of ultrasound - it is necessary to inform him! A professional doctor will not prescribe an echography of the pelvic organs during menstruation, unless there are good and serious reasons.
It is necessary to familiarize with the basic rules of preparation for ultrasonography. Before research it is necessary:
- Empty the bladder and intestines,
- To wash under (if we are talking about transvaginal ultrasound),
- Buy in a pharmacy waterproof disposable diaper and napkins,
- With transvaginal ultrasound - will morally and relax as much as possible.
Big mistake will be - douching during menstruation. During menstruation, the reproductive organs are vulnerable to external infections, due to the ajar cervical canal and cervix. Together with the syringe fluid, there is a risk of introducing a serious infection or disrupting the natural microflora of the uterus and vagina.
When preparing for an abdominal ultrasound during menstruation, special procedures are practically not required. Abdominal organs are not affected by critical days, and therefore can be examined at any time. Before the study, the doctor may prescribe a special diet, taking enzyme or adsorbing drugs. Ultrasound is performed on an empty urinary and preferably relatively empty intestines.
Based on all the above points, it can be argued: ultrasound during menstruation depends on the location of the necessary organ and the degree of urgency. If the organ under investigation is located outside the small pelvis, then an ultrasound scan is permissible in any part of the menstrual cycle and without time limits. In cases where it is necessary to investigate the uterus, appendages, cervix, ovaries or vagina, menstruation may prevent the correct result, give the doctor a reason to make a false diagnosis, and as a result, prescribe an ineffective therapy. An experienced doctor will not send a woman to an ultrasound during the menstruation period, unless there are special or urgent reasons. In order not to affect the monthly results of ultrasound, it is necessary to indicate the importance of the problem and the urgency of its solution. It would be more reasonable to postpone the visit to the ultrasound room until the discharge is completed or before it begins. It is important to remember: to objectively assess the situation and identify all the risks can only the attending physician, who will choose the optimal period for carrying out this procedure.
Indications for ultrasound during menstruation
It cannot be said that ultrasound is prohibited during the period of critical days. Doctors do it in situations where diagnostic testing is needed immediately.
If the need for an abdominal ultrasound is caused by suspicion of uterine cancer, even the released menstrual blood will not become an obstacle.
There are such indications for the ultrasound procedure:
- Painful menstrual flow. During menstruation, pelvic ultrasound can be done if the bleeding is caused by gynecological diseases or uterine pathology.
- Spotting indications of pregnancy.
- Suspected Ectopic Pregnancy.
- Frequent bleeding unknown etymology that occurs at different stages of the cycle.
- Suspected endometrial hyperplasia. In this case, an ultrasound examination will help confirm or deny the presence of the disease. Timely diagnosis is necessary for quality treatment, with which it will be possible to avoid the development of complications.
- Determination of the type of cysts. It is necessary to conduct such an examination at different times, including the period of menstruation.
- Screening of the ovarian follicle.
- Diseases of the pelvic organs, accompanied by inflammation.
Also, the indication for this diagnostic procedure is a sharp pain in the lower abdomen that occurred during menstruation.
To evaluate the endometrium
If endometrial pathology is suspected, when the internal mucous membrane of the uterus becomes inflamed, an ultrasound examination is necessary. In this case, it is recommended to conduct it from the 21st to the 24th day of the cycle.
If you suspect endometriosis, ultrasound is best done after the completion of critical days. This diagnostic procedure will help detect the inflammatory process in the appendages.
Also, using ultrasound, you can determine the thickness of the endometrium, which will help to judge women's health. Knowing the value of this indicator, the doctor will be able to determine the etymology of the development of a gynecological ailment, as well as the optimal strategy for its treatment.
To accurately establish ovulation, pelvic ultrasound should be performed on the 7th, 10th, 14th and 17th day. Women who cannot become pregnant need this examination. In this case, an ovulation check is needed to determine the best days for the cycle to conceive. It is recommended to do ultrasound 3-4 times a month.
Also, using this diagnostic measure, ovulation is checked when screening an ovarian follicle. It is necessary to determine the cause of the shift cycle, due to which there was a failure in the functioning of the follicle.
Diagnosis of the pelvic organs, which is carried out in the presence of gynecological pathologies of the ovaries and uterus, must include ultrasound. There are a large number of diseases due to which the condition of the genital organs is worsening. To determine the cause of the disruption of the reproductive system, this examination is performed on any day of the cycle, including menstruation.
For example, when symptoms of pathology of the uterine mucous membrane appear, an ultrasound examination is performed on the first and third days of menstruation. This is due to the rapid thickening of the endometrium.
Pathology, which helps to determine the ultrasound examination:
- Uterine fibroids.
- Uterine ectropion.
- Ovarian cyst.
Why during the month try not to do ultrasound
Some doctors refuse to do ultrasound during menstruation with the disappointing results of other diagnostic methods. There are reasons for this.
First, it is not easy to conduct an ultrasound examination of the pelvis during menstruation due to bleeding. There is a risk of obtaining information that reflects reality biasedly. Blood and clots prevent the doctor from seeing tumors on the organs of the reproductive system. Hence the risk of inaccurate diagnosis. Trying to consider the pathology through clots in the uterus is useless.
Secondly, the bleeding prevents the doctor to conduct an examination, which is fraught with incorrect prescription of treatment. The main difficulty of performing such an examination during menstrual discharge is the inability to assess the thickness and condition of the endometrium.
There are other reasons due to which an abdominal ultrasound scan is not recommended during the period of critical days. This procedure involves the use of tools that can cause discomfort.
Vaginal sensor during contact with the walls of the vagina will cause discomfort in a woman. Moreover, the use of this device for diagnostic purposes during menstruation is unhygienic.
Also, do not forget that in the period of monthly discharge, the cervix is ajar, and therefore vulnerable to infections.
What is ultrasound
In-time examinations are necessary, because very often all sorts of violations of internal organs sometimes go away without obvious manifestations: sometimes there is no pain or even sensations of discomfort. This is due to the fact that in the abdominal cavity and in the pelvic organs there are fewer nerve endings than in other parts of the body (the natural mechanism that protects a woman from unbearable pain during childbirth). Therefore, prevention is important, and it begins with ultrasound.
Ultrasound is one of the best and most effective ways to study the internal human organs. Ultrasound is very simple to perform, harmless, not painful, effective, and absolutely not time consuming.
For the health of any woman, one of the most significant examinations is an ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs.
A visit to doctors who can professionally assess the state of health of the genital organs is supposed to be performed regularly, at least once a year, and treat its results with particular attention.
Performing an ultrasound is both spontaneous and planned. Most often, women go to a doctor for an appointment, within a few weeks. Of course, it is good if everything goes well and the appointment to the doctor is planned and does not coincide with the menstrual cycle. But there are situations when one is superimposed on the other. And here the majority of the fair sex appear completely natural questions:
- Whether to do an ultrasound during menstrual flow or safer to delay this procedure.
- What is the procedure for the current situation.
- At what point should be done ultrasound of the female genital organs during menstruation.
- In what situations the doctors do not recommend a similar procedure.
Ultrasound during menstruation: is it permissible
Abdominal ultrasound during menstruation is definitely possible. You should not worry that the vaginal discharge can prevent the doctor from performing the procedure. There are a number of procedures where this fact will really be an obstacle. Ultrasound in this number is not included. Doctors are aware of what to do in such situations, and therefore they will orient themselves in optimal prescriptions. If necessary, to diagnose the pelvic organs, the study is prescribed in the first part of the monthly cycle, but not earlier than the first day.
Ultrasound, compared with many other methods of analyzing the state of the body, is an absolutely safe way to study the internal organs of a person, and very often is just a necessary procedure.
On average, menstruation lasts 5−7 days. This means that in the mentioned period the uterus has completely freed itself from fragments of the former endometrium, and the smallest separation from the vagina does not create psychological inconvenience for a woman if an ultrasound scan is performed using a vaginal probe. Specifically, in the named period, it is preferable to perform a study with infertility (the study of follicle production and formation of the dominant), uterine myoma, etc.
If a woman has a routine examination and, due to the irregularity of the menstrual cycle, the procedure falls on the first or any other day of the month, then it is better to abandon it and move to another immediate date. There is Some good reasons:
- During menstrual discharge, the woman's uterus is very swollen and filled with blood clots, which makes it very difficult for the doctor to see the condition of the endometrium, to detect at least any changes or, conversely, to confirm the absence of problems.
- Due to edema in the uterus, it is impossible to see pathologies.
- The mammary glands are part of the reproductive system, in the period of their monthly study will also be completely ineffective.
- Psychological discomfort that accompanies a woman on critical days. For the procedure, doctors often use a vaginal sensor. Naturally, during bleeding it increases discomfort, moreover, its use in the current situation is not entirely hygienic.
Therefore, for the period of bleeding is recommended to postpone the ultrasound of the pelvic organs.
It is important to understand the balance of the reasons for the transfer and the risks: if there is a suspicion of something serious, then the procedure should be performed in any case.
Ultrasound itself does not badly affect the organs of the uterus. There are situations that are in no way dependent on particular monthly processes of a woman and should be carried out according to plan without any obstacles. Such studies include the diagnosis of the abdominal cavity, bladder, kidney, etc.
Exceptions for which screening is prohibited.
Sometimes menstruation is not a reason to refuse to perform ultrasound. In medical practice, there are situations where despite the bleeding, information about the condition of certain organs is urgently needed. The doctor may urgently prescribe an ultrasound for the sake of the health and safety of the patient. And then you still need to conduct an pelvic ultrasound even during menstruation. To such situations concerns:
- heavy bleeding,
- severe prolonged pain of unknown origin,
- suspected ectopic pregnancy or the risk of spontaneous abortion,
- suspected pathology (uterine fibroids, hyperplasia, ovarian cyst).
When screening the ovarian follicle, it is important to conduct several stages of ultrasound during 1–15 days of the menstrual cycle. Patients who experience increased flatulence, 2–3 days prior to the procedure, should exclude all foods that provoke intense gas formation from their diet. These include all sweet foods, weaknesses (legumes, cabbage), fruits, flour products. In addition, it will be useful to make an enema before the upcoming examination.
The presence of blood in the uterus does not prevent either the visualization of the ovum, nor the determination of the strength of its attachment to the wall. There are also cases of various types of diseases of the female organs, when it is especially important for doctors to conduct examinations in the initial stage of the menstrual cycle.
In all of the above situations, the ultrasound procedure does not depend on menstruation and can be carried out on doctor's orders.
При менструальных выделениях имеется 2 способа выполнения ультразвуковых обследований. Они различаются по принципу проведения. These include:
- трансабдоминальный метод,
Зачастую для того, чтобы получить полную картину состояния половых органов человека используются оба способа.
Transabdominal method is external, less time consuming and long. The doctor drives a measuring device over the visible part of the patient's abdomen, after having smeared it with medicinal gel. All indicators of ovarian condition displayed on the monitor.
The most correct indicators gives the second method - transvaginal. When applied, the sensor is placed inside the body of the girl through the vagina.
The size of the sensor is much smaller here than during transabdominal examination, which provides the most comfortable and least painful procedure for the patient.
To maintain the required level of hygiene and for the comfort of the patient, a condom coated with a gel is put on the sensor. This ultrasound does not last long and gives more accurate results. With good professional training of a medical worker, the patient does not feel much discomfort.
Proper preparation for the procedure
If the question of conducting a study has already been resolved in a positive direction, it is necessary to properly prepare for the procedure in such an unusual situation. At this stage you need:
- Purchase a special waterproof diaper and napkins at the pharmacy.
- Before the procedure, undermine. Attention! Do not douche during menstruation. It is ineffective and dangerous. Since the cervix is slightly open, there is a risk of unwanted and dangerous infections during douching.
- Before the ultrasound procedure, you must visit the toilet, because to obtain such a procedure, the bladder must be empty.
The patient should also understand that in such a situation you need to remain calm, try to treat this process without any constraints. But despite the unpleasant and uncomfortable side of ultrasound during the menstrual period, an urgent need to be made when sending a doctor. Most often, it provides an opportunity to prevent serious consequences in some pathologies.
General idea of the ultrasound examination of organs of reproduction
To establish the presence of deviations among the reproductive organs, there are periods of their own, based on the peculiarities of the functioning of the body of the representatives of the weaker sex. Their failures can lead to the fact that the answers will not be sufficiently informative. Therefore, perform gynecological ultrasound during menstruation is not recommended. Menstruation makes the uterus look like a wound, which, moreover, is filled with blood clots. As a result, the picture turns out to be blurred, but this does not allow the best way to show information about the pathology, but on the contrary, the doctor does not detect polyps or, much worse, a tumor.
Menstruation itself is not a contraindication for ultrasound of the ovaries or other pelvic organs. It is allowed to perform diagnostics of organs located in the abdominal cavity during the period before the menstrual bleeding has ended.
What time does the ultrasound do best
An ultrasound examination may be spontaneous or be a kind of part of a routine examination. Most likely, to make an appointment, you should be worried about this in a few more weeks. How is it possible in such cases to assume, go or not monthly.
Nevertheless, many representatives of the fair half have quite natural questions: does it make sense to come to an appointment with a specialist while the bleeding is not over, is such an aspect a hindrance, and also when it is better to do an ultrasound examination in gynecology.
With some diagnoses, it is very important to accurately observe the temporary examination regime. For example, the study of ultrasound in inflammatory processes in the uterus and ovaries should be performed in the first phase of the cycle, or rather, in the interval from 5 to 10 days.
Such a pathology as endometriosis can be identified by a study conducted in the second half of the cycle. To confirm the inflammatory process of the appendages and tumor formation, it is sufficient to perform ultrasound immediately after the menstrual cycle.
Under what conditions should pelvic ultrasound be done?
In situations where the ultrasound study requires urgency, the doctor sends the patient to the procedure immediately, without waiting for the end of the cycle. However, a number of cases for the accuracy of diagnosis or performing them as part of a full examination require an echography to be performed as soon as menstruation begins. On what day to appoint a survey, depends on what ailment the doctor suspects.
It is possible, and even necessary, to do ultrasound during the menstrual period in the following situations:
- menstrual flow is abundant. Such symptoms may be an indication of serious diseases, so it is recommended to perform the endometrium during menstruation,
- in the case of an alleged pregnancy, the period of which is rather small, but at the same time discharge, any, even the most insignificant (in the form of clots, spotting or irregular discharge),
- if the doctor suspects an ectopic pregnancy,
- with the development of bleeding in the interval between menstruation,
- if the development of the following diagnoses is suspected: fibroids, polyps, endometrial hyperplasia. To confirm or refute such ailments, an ultrasound scan is required at the initial stage of the cycle. Most gynecologists, suspecting such abnormalities, send a woman for an ultrasound examination in one of the first days of menstruation,
- to clarify what type of cyst, the examination will have to perform at different times. For example, cysts of minor volumes (up to 1 cm) are diagnosed in the interval of 1-5 days of the cycle. After some time they will become thicker and it becomes difficult to recognize pathological changes,
- if screening of the ovarian follicle is required. In this scenario, ultrasound of the ovaries should be carried out not once, but over several times, to establish ovulation - from 1 to 15 day of menstruation. Repeating the procedure is necessary to combat infertility and in case of failures of the menstrual cycle,
- with the development of acute inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs,
- in case a sharp pain has arisen in the abdomen.
Arguments against ultrasound during menstruation
In the first 1-3 days of menstruation, it is not recommended to do diagnostic procedures of this kind, unless, of course, there is no urgent need for this. This is due to the following reasons:
- While the bleeding continues, it is not always possible to see small neoplasms. As a result, there is a high risk of making the wrong diagnosis and, accordingly, the wrong treatment will be prescribed. Such measures will only aggravate the situation.
- The blood and clots that are in the uterus during menstruation only interfere with the doctor's examination. And this is fraught with the impossibility to determine pathology in the early stages.
- In addition, conducting a gynecological examination, the doctor can not accurately determine what the thickness of the endometrium (the inner mucous membrane of the uterus) and in what condition it is.
- Ultrasound of the reproductive organs is often performed by means of a vaginal sensor. During menstrual flow, it is unhygienic, it causes discomfort and provokes discomfort in a woman.
How to prepare for ultrasound during menstruation
Ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs, in which
using a vaginal sensor, requires prior preparation:
- before the procedure should take a shower
- you need to take a disposable waterproof diaper with you to the doctor
- for examination it is necessary to appear with an empty bladder.
It should be remembered that during menstruation the cervix is ajar, and this makes it more vulnerable to various kinds of infections. That is why douching at this time is not only useless, but, moreover, also dangerous!
Those patients who suffer from increased flatulence, 2-3 days before the procedure should remove from the diet all foods that can cause the formation of gases. These include cabbage, sweets, beans, fruits, black bread. Before the planned examination, you can put an enema.
Thus, on which day of the month or on which day after the month the ultrasound examination will be scheduled, depends on its purpose, as well as the intended diagnosis. The study of the pelvic organs by ultrasound during the menstrual cycle can not only be done, but in some cases it is required.
Encyclopedia of ultrasound and MRI
Information seeker, welcome to our site!
Ultrasound (ultrasound) is a medical procedure that uses ultrasound properties to see what is happening inside your body. A similar technology is used in sonars or radars, which help the military to notice ships or airplanes. The uniqueness of ultrasound lies in the fact that doctors do not need to penetrate into the patient's body.
MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) is a common procedure, which in turn uses the properties of magnetic fields and radio waves to create detailed images of the human body.
Soon you will find here a lot of interesting things about ultrasound and MRI.
The project will be developed as follows:
Firstly, all essential points concerning MRI and ultrasound diagnostics will be covered.
Secondly, extensive photo and video galleries will be created on various aspects of diagnosis.
Lastly, various useful services will be added (for example, searching for the nearest diagnostic clinics, service for answering difficult questions by a specialist, etc.).
Do they diagnose during menstruation?
Strongly declare that carrying out ultrasound during menstruation is impossible, no one can. In many ways, the need for research on an urgent basis on critical days for a woman is determined by the need to diagnose a particular body system. If we are talking about the organs of the small pelvis, then doctors should be very careful about the appointment of an ultrasound examination.
The need to undergo a procedure may arise on the basis of a predetermined planned survey schedule, and may also appear suddenly. In addition, the appointment to a specialist is often made long before the expected date of the onset of menstruation.
It is not surprising that most women do not even immediately come to mind that the day of diagnosis may coincide with the beginning of the cycle. This is especially true in the case of irregular periods. Many women do not know what to do in such a situation: is it necessary to postpone the procedure until the end of menstruation, or can ultrasound be performed with the discharge?
Features examination of the pelvic organs
If the patient was referred to an ultrasound scan to examine the condition and functioning of the heart, due to suspected thyroid pathology, lymph nodes, disorders and malfunctions of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract, then, of course, there is no reason to doubt - any time. However, examination of the pelvic organs in such a period is usually undesirable.
With ultrasound during menstruation, you can get unreliable results. Non-informative data is the main reason why diagnostics is not recommended during menstruation without special indications. At the beginning of the cycle, the uterine walls are one continuous huge wound, filled with blood clots. It is quite difficult for a doctor to objectively assess the condition of an organ. In addition, the probability of a neoplasm specialist missing a patient in the uterine cavity increases several times.
At the same time, the main difference between the ultrasound diagnosis of this organ system and the examination of the abdominal cavity is the use of a vaginal, not abdominal, sensor. It is difficult to call such a procedure hygienically correct and comfortable for the examined patient.
What days do ultrasound during menstruation?
In cases in which the woman passes an ultrasound during menstruation is reasonable, it is also important to observe the necessary timing of its implementation. For example, starting from the 5th day of the menstrual cycle and on the 10th day, an echography of the uterus and ovaries is performed. The second half of the cycle will allow identifying such a disease as endometriosis and detect the development of the inflammatory process in the appendages.
Benign and malignant neoplasms can be diagnosed as soon as menstruation is completed.
Meanwhile, in the first 2-4 days of the cycle without urgent need, doctors do not recommend doing an ultrasound. There are several explanations for this:
1. As already mentioned, when examining the uterus during menstruation, a functional diagnostics doctor runs the risk of making an incorrect diagnosis, which, in turn, will adversely affect the patient's health.
2. Blood clots present in the cavity make it very difficult to carry out the necessary inspection of the lumen. Thus, pathology is almost impossible to detect.
3. The thickness of the endometrium - a natural indicator of women's health, through which you can learn enough. The doctor is able to make appropriate arguments about the nature and origin of a disease, knowing the value of the thickness of the endometrium. During critical days in a woman, he cannot demonstrate constant values.
The main indications for ultrasound with bloody discharge
However, there are cases in which the passage of ultrasound of the pelvic organs is important to carry out only during menstruation. Mandatory conditions are the following:
- Menstrual bleeding that continues abundantly or for a long time. Ultrasound examination will help to obtain data on the thickness of the endometrium, to adequately assess the health of the pelvic organs.
- Suspected tumors (benign and malignant). It is desirable that the diagnosis was carried out at the initial stage of the cycle, while the endometrium is the thinnest. Then he quickly begins to condense.
- A cyst developed in a cavity up to 1 cm. The first 5 days of the menstrual cycle favorably reflect the existence of the problem, its physiological or pathological nature, and provide clarifying information about the size of the cyst.
From the 1st day of your period you can screen the follicle. The first 15 days end with the onset of ovulation. Especially effective is the procedure for the treatment of infertility and the presence of menstrual failures.
Bleeding as a reason for ultrasound
Gynecological practice knows many cases when ultrasound scanning was additionally required for menorrhagia. The reasons for the excessive release of blood in the female body are mainly two factors:
- endometriosis (inflammation that has arisen inside the upper layer of uterine tissues).
- uterine fibroids.
If, in the process of studying the thickness of the outer layer of the endometrium, polyps were detected or tissue thickening was noticeably felt, it would most likely be necessary to seek help from surgeons to eliminate the diseased part of the mucous membranes of the cervix and the body of the uterus.
Indeed, there are many reasons for having to carry out the procedure as a matter of urgency, without waiting for the completion of menstruation. In most cases, ultrasound during menstruation is not performed. Experts try to assign a procedure for at least 5-6 days of the cycle.
Preliminary preparation for the survey
When ultrasound diagnosis of the pelvic organs during menstruation, it is necessary to prepare thoroughly in advance. Such an ultrasound is often transvaginal. Therefore, you should carefully consider some recommendations, compliance with which will help to achieve objectivity in the results of the study.
It is worth going to a research by means of an ultrasonic method with an empty bladder and the empty intestines. In women who have a tendency to flatulence, it is desirable to refrain from eating foods that contribute to excessive gas formation. A couple of days before the planned ultrasound should not eat:
The tendency to constipation or their frequent occurrence is often an obstacle to obtaining a reliable response ultrasound examination. To improve the condition of the body, you can put yourself an enema. At the same time, it is absolutely impossible to do douching, because the risk of infection in the genital tract of a woman increases several times because of the aperture of the monthly cervix ajar.
Immediately before the procedure, it is important to take a shower and take care of moisture-absorbing diapers.
Another good reason why you should not conduct an examination of the pelvic organs in the period of regular bleeding is considered a psychological discomfort of a woman.
Often the doctor uses a vaginal sensor. During monthly bleeding, this is unpleasant for the patient, as well as unhygienic. This procedure is carried out only in case of extreme necessity.
If it is possible to postpone the diagnosis for several days, it is better not to expose yourself to such unpleasant experiences. The result in such conditions will be uninformative, and therefore it is simply unreasonable to make such sacrifices.
В каких случаях выполнять диагностику можно?
Не во всех случаях УЗИ во время месячных противопоказано. В ряде ситуаций оно вполне может быть проведено. К ним относятся следующие типы диагностики:
- Обследование, не затрагивающее органов малого таза, например, брюшной полости, почек, сердца и т. d.
- The need for emergency research of the reproductive system.
When planning to conduct an ultrasound examination of a particular body system, one should keep in mind the essence of this procedure. Indeed, in some cases it is not only allowed, but also extremely necessary.
What kind of ultrasound can be done during menstruation?
Ultrasound as a diagnostic method for the patient is absolutely safe. It can not affect the well-being of the girl.
Therefore, if the doctor has appointed an examination of organs that are not part of the reproductive system, it will be possible and necessary to do it.
It is allowed to diagnose the kidneys, bladder, abdomen and other organs.
However, there are a number of exceptions due to which the gynecologist may order an examination of the pelvic organs even during a period of regular bleeding. These include the following situations:
- Copious bleeding.
- The threat of ectopic pregnancy or spontaneous abortion in the early stages. At the same time, menstruation, on the contrary, may seem abnormally scanty.
- Suspicion of a number of pathologies (uterine myoma, ovarian cysts, hyperplasia).
- Severe pain of unknown origin.
- The study of folliculogenesis, which is carried out at all stages of the cycle.
Such studies are prescribed by the doctor, knowing about the ongoing menstruation. Independently go for a regular survey in this period is not worth it.
How to prepare for the procedure?
If the gynecologist, in spite of the critical days of the woman, prescribes a diagnosis of the pelvic organs using a vaginal sensor, the patient should be prepared for the upcoming procedure.
A waterproof diaper and wet wipes should be purchased at the pharmacy. It is necessary to undermine, but you should not douche. At this time, the cervix is ajar. Douching can provoke infection inside.
Before the procedure, you need to go to the toilet, because for this procedure, the bladder must be empty.
It should calm down and relax. Of course, this is not the most pleasant moment for the patient, but if such an ultrasound was prescribed by a gynecologist, then it is extremely necessary to conduct it!
Sometimes it allows you to avoid serious consequences in a number of pathologies. That's right, if the decision to visit the office of ultrasound during the next menstruation, it remains for the attending physician.