For many women, pregnancy is a long-awaited event. But there are no less girls wanting to delay motherhood, and for this you need to use contraceptives.
Today, according to the World Health Organization, contraceptive pills are the most reliable contraceptives. Their reliability reaches 98%, precisely because more than 50% of women all over the world prefer this method of protection against unwanted pregnancy.
But 98% is still not a full guarantee, and in medical practice there are cases when a pregnancy occurred while taking birth control pills. Why can this happen?
The benefits of pills
But is it only a high degree of reliability that causes women to choose this type of contraception? Of course not.
Taking pills is very convenient. It is enough for a woman to take one pill every day and not be afraid of the onset of an unwanted pregnancy, unlike the same condoms or candles, which should be used before every sexual intercourse.
In addition, birth control pills are the most economical options. A pack of pills designed for a month of admission can cost from 200 to 700 rubles, which is much cheaper than buying condoms.
But despite this, many women refuse this method of protection, fearing unwanted pregnancy. However, let's understand this issue in more detail.
The principle of operation is OK
In order to fully understand why pregnancy occurs when taking birth control pills, consider their principle of action.
The action of contraceptive drugs is aimed at the implementation of such functions:
- Preventing the maturation of the egg and its movement from the ovary to the uterus.
- An increase in the viscosity of the cervical secret, which is why spermatozoids cannot achieve the “goal” necessary for fertilization.
There are two types of pills:
- Mini drank. These are uncombined pills that contain prostagens, which are responsible for increasing the viscosity of uterine secretions, which is why ovulation does not go to the end.
- The effect of the second type of contraceptive is stronger. These drugs contain the hormone estrogen, increasing the concentration in the body which leads to blocking the development of follicles in the ovary. This suggests that the egg just does not mature and, accordingly, does not come out. Such drugs completely prevent ovulation.
Now, when we approximately understand the principle of the operation of these contraceptives, let us see why a situation arises when the test shows pregnancy even when taking birth control pills.
Causes of unwanted pregnancy
First of all, you must understand that pregnancy while taking birth control pills just will not come. It may occur due to additional reasons, as a result of which the effect of the drug on the body decreases, and as a result, the concentration of substances necessary for the cessation of ovulation will decrease. Many factors can contribute to this.
This cause of pregnancy is the most common.
There is a certain principle of taking contraceptives. Most often, this is a fairly simple schedule: 1 tablet every day at the same time. But quite often there may be such a situation that the girl forgets to drink the last pill of the course and carries out the necessary 7-day break, and after a week begins to take a new package. Thus, a woman misses the whole day, during which the ovaries can return to normal functioning, which is why pregnancy can occur after the end of taking the contraceptive pill.
The same happens in the opposite situation. A girl can drink away the entire course of pills, but after a seven-day break, forget to take a pill. And again, skipping only one day dramatically increases the chance of getting pregnant. The same situation may arise if a girl forgets to take a pill in the middle of a cycle.
Vomiting or diarrhea
Often with our body there are troubles that can trigger pregnancy while taking birth control pills.
For complete absorption of the active ingredients of the drug should be about 3-4 hours. If at this time you have started vomiting or diarrhea, then it is likely that the contraceptive substances are not fully absorbed, due to which there is a risk of fertilization of the egg.
Intake of additional drugs
This reason is one of the most serious. The fact is that there are a large number of drugs that reduce the functioning of substances necessary to prevent pregnancy. Most often, these drugs include antibiotics.
But this list of drugs does not end there. Antiallergic, anticonvulsant and antifungal drugs can also suppress the effect of contraceptives. Therefore, before taking certain medications, you should consult with the gynecologist and find out whether they reduce the effect of birth control pills.
And also you need to be careful with teas that girls like to drink when losing weight. Many of them affect the action of contraceptives, which can trigger an unwanted pregnancy. The same applies to herbs. Many of them after a long reception still continue to influence the body. For example, St. John's wort retains its effect on the body for another 2 weeks after its completion. Therefore, if you plan to drink any broths, be very careful.
Pregnancy on the background of taking birth control pills may also occur due to severe stress. Of course, this reason is the rarest, but if a woman regularly experiences severe stress at work or at home, this can radically affect the state of the whole organism and cause suppression of all its functions. Therefore, often when taking contraceptive drugs, the doctor prescribes a course of sedatives for the first 2-3 months.
Delay of menstruation
One of the problems that a woman may face when taking OC (oral contraceptives) is the delay in menstruation. Many immediately get scared and believe that pregnancy has occurred while taking birth control pills.
But do not immediately panic. Since OK contain a small dose of hormones, hormones when taking pills change. This can lead to the fact that the monthly begin earlier or later than usual.
By the way, it is worth paying attention to the fact that many women during the reception of the OC stabilized the cycle if they had problems with it before. Therefore, do not be intimidated by such changes, especially if you only take the contraceptive for 1-2 months.
It is worth worrying only if you have previously missed a pill, taken other serious drugs, or had unprotected sexual intercourse before you started taking OK.
Pregnancy with OK
Many girls are worried about the question: "What should I do if the pregnancy comes at the time of taking the pill?"
If you decide to keep the pregnancy, then do not worry. Although a woman may begin to worry about the health of her unborn child, which may be affected by taking birth control pills. But do not panic. Medical practice has shown that taking OK does not affect the development of the fetus, and the risk of developing pathologies in this case is the same as in cases where the pregnancy was planned.
The main rule that you should follow: immediately stop taking contraceptives and go to an appointment with a gynecologist if you find out about your pregnancy.
However, there are situations where a woman does not know about her pregnancy and continues to drink contraceptives. In this case, the issue of fetal safety is much more serious. Although for many years of research, doctors have not been able to find a direct connection between taking OA and the development of the fetus. It has been established that in the first 5 weeks of pregnancy, the use of contraceptives does not affect the development of the embryo. But already from 6 weeks the child’s genitals develop, and during this period hormone intake is at least undesirable.
And now it's worth talking about a situation when a pregnancy has already occurred while taking birth control pills. The symptoms may be quite different or absent altogether, but there are a number of signs by which a girl can determine that she is pregnant:
- Pain in the chest and mammary glands. This symptom is often observed during pregnancy, but many girls have this pain during menstruation or with the habit of taking OK. In any case, if you only see this symptom, you do not need to worry in advance.
- The common signs of pregnancy (including taking birth control pills including) are nausea and vomiting.
- Change of taste preferences. Such a symptom may well occur in the early stages, when, for example, a woman liked a certain product, and during pregnancy there was an aversion to it.
- Pain in the lower abdomen and back. Be attentive to these symptoms, as they may indicate not only pregnancy, but also health problems.
In any case, even all these symptoms in the aggregate cannot guarantee that you are pregnant. To get an accurate result, it is worth doing a pregnancy test. When taking birth control pills, this happens, so it's best to be safe. Or immediately go to an appointment with a gynecologist, where he will be tested for HCG.
Scheduled pregnancy is a matter of time
Many women and girls are concerned about the question: "How quickly is pregnancy planning possible after taking birth control pills?"
For each woman, the terms are strictly individual. Someone needs to wait a couple of months, and someone will need about six months to restore the normal functioning of the reproductive organs. The important thing is that you should not panic if you can not get pregnant in the first 1-3 months after the cancellation of OK. But if this problem persists after 6-7 months of regular attempts, it is necessary to consult a doctor.
But there is also a reverse effect, which in medical practice is called the “rebraund effect”. In other words, pregnancy with cancellation. After stopping OK, a new change in hormonal background occurs, which makes it much more likely to become pregnant. Due to this effect, infertility treatment is carried out: first, a woman takes birth control pills for a certain time, and after some period they are canceled, due to which the girl can achieve the desired pregnancy.
but on the other hand
But, unfortunately, not all women understand all the responsibility that relates to receiving OK. Many prescribe drugs themselves, not thinking about the possible serious consequences. Meanwhile, there is an important rule for taking oral contraceptives: after 3-6 months of admission it is necessary to take a break of at least 1 month. During this time, the body begins to function again, as before, and the risk of acclimatization to OC decreases to zero.
However, not all girls think about at least some cyclical and take drugs for several years. Not surprisingly, this causes many problems with the reproductive system, which can be irreparable. At best, one of the problems may be an ectopic pregnancy while taking birth control pills. At worst, infertility, which will be very difficult, if not impossible to cure.
In addition, today there are many types of OK, and in order to choose the right pills, a woman needs to pass a series of tests and get a doctor's appointment. Only in this case, you can be sure that oral contraceptives will not harm your health.
Completing this rather big course on taking birth control pills, I would like to give a few recommendations and tips that should be followed:
- If during OK you notice spotting or weak bleeding, do not panic. This is a common occurrence when taking OK.
- Regularly visit the gynecologist while taking contraceptives. The physician must monitor your health condition to prevent serious consequences.
- Independently monitor your health. The appearance of serious symptoms prescribed in the instructions indicates the need to stop taking OK.
- Oral contraceptives can not stop drinking at will, otherwise it may cause a cancellation effect and a sharp disruption of hormonal levels.
- Try not to miss taking pills.
- Before taking OK, be sure to read the instructions, even if the doctor has explained everything to you in detail.
Now you know whether pregnancy is possible when taking birth control pills. You know the main causes of this phenomenon. And most importantly - remember: there are many myths that oral contraceptives are terribly harmful to health. It is not true. If a woman will comply with all the recommendations of the doctor and drink OK on a strict schedule, then no problems will ever arise. Be healthy and love each other!
How do contraceptives work?
Oral contraceptives (OK) - these are drugs that have a contraceptive effect. Their action is based on the content of hormones that block ovulation. The effect lasts for the period of taking pills. in the current cycle.
OK are taken daily, at the same time, starting from the first day of the cycle. The tablets attached detailed instructions for use. Each pill is numbered. The number must match with day cyclein which reception is carried out.
Contraceptive pills are taken for 21 days. Then a 7-day break is taken. In this gap comes menstrual bleeding. The opening of the next package is carried out exactly 7 days after the end of the previous one.
A certain concentration of hormones provides inhibition of reproductive function. Follicles do not grow to the required size. Meeting the sperm with the egg becomes impossible. Even if ovulation occurs, the growth of the corpus luteum will be blocked. Implantation does not take place due to insufficient thickness of the endometrium.
There is a mass of drugs with contraceptive effect. They are selected individually, starting from the level of hormones of a woman. In adulthood, prescribed medication with a high content of hormones. For young girls give birth to low dose OK.
The duration of taking the pills depends on the purpose of their use. For contraceptive pills, you can drink an unlimited amount of time.
Oral contraceptives prescribed for infertility. In this case, the treatment is carried out from 3 to 6 months. Conception occurs on the background drug cancellations.
In some cases, contraceptives are used to normalize the cycle and treat certain diseases. With the help of contraceptive pills can achieve the following actions:
Conception process and drug action
To happen conception, you must have ovulation. The entire menstrual cycle of a woman depends on the work of the hormonal system. The first phase is the preparatory phase. The body is preparing for a possible pregnancy. The growth of the dominant follicle occurs under the influence of follicle-stimulating hormone. The follicle continues to grow until the middle of the menstrual cycle. From this moment on, the luteinizing substance comes into play. Under its influence, the dominant breaks. There comes the ovulatory period. This time is considered the most favorable to get pregnant.
The action of the contraceptive pill is based on blocking the work of follicle-stimulating and luteinizing hormone.
The composition of most tablets include ethinyl estradiol. This is a hormonal substance that increases the content of its own estrogen in the body. The growth of estrogen blocks the production of FSH. The dominant follicle does not appear on the ovary. Ovulation does not occur. For this reason, the chance to conceive is reduced.
There are two main groups of contraceptives:
- blocking ovulation
- increasing the viscosity of cervical secretions.
The main group of pills eliminates ovulation. During the cycle there is no middle and second phase. After the cessation of their use, the phases are restored. Less popular are mini-pili. These tablets cause a change in cervical mucus. It becomes thicker. Spermatozoa trapped in the vagina, can not move freely in secret. The likelihood of pregnancy is reduced.
Считается, что данный метод имеет наибольшую эффективность. Но у него имеется и ряд минусов. It is thanks to them that there is a chance of getting pregnant while taking contraceptives.
Drug Administration Rules
For protection to be effective, you must follow the rules of admission. They are written in the annotations on the application. These rules avoid problems.
All oral contraceptives must be taken at a specific time. Doctors recommend setting an alarm clock or reminder, so as not to forget about the reception. Do not skip tablets. If within 12 hours a woman remembered the omission of pills, you need to take it. Further reception is carried out at the usual time.
The first package has a specific method of application. The first pill is taken on days 2–5 of the cycle. The drug should be accompanied by additional methods of protection. Additional contraception is necessary because of the cumulative effect. Blocking ovulation occurs only in the absence of FSH. The next package must be taken after a seven-day break.
Selection of tablets should be carried out by a doctor. The specialist will take into account the peculiarities of the patient's health and her hormonal background. Independently choose a medicine should not be. This can negatively affect the hormonal and reproductive systems. The choice is better to entrust the doctor.
Causes of conception
Pregnancy while taking birth control pills can occur only if there are certain reasons. The following factors may be negative factors:
- failure to follow instructions
- the presence of concomitant treatment
- reception mini-drank
- use of vegetable decoctions,
- disorder of the gastrointestinal tract,
- selection of unsuitable pills.
Pregnancy with birth control pills often occurs due to non-compliance instructions. Many patients ignore additional protection in the first cycle. This leads to the development of ovulation. It can come faster. The absence of additional contraception leads to the onset of unplanned conception. Also, the problem may arise when skipping a single pill. During the day, the active ingredient is completely washed out of the body.
The reason may be in the presence of concomitant treatment. Certain chemicals in concomitant therapy may affect contraceptive function. Such diseases include diabetes, endocrine pathologies, gastrointestinal ailments. The treatment of these pathologies consists in the use of hormonal substances and adsorbents. Ethinyl estradiol is not absorbed in the required amount. The concentration of the hormone in the body is small. If the follicle-stimulating hormone starts the action, there is a risk of preserving ovulation. A woman may become pregnant during such a cycle.
Conception can occur when using mini-saws. These pills do not adversely affect ovulation. Hormonal background remains unchanged. Changes undergoes cervical mucus. Alcohol consumption, vigorous physical activity and smoking can reduce the viscosity of secretions. Pregnancy can occur with severe psychological stress. The release of an additional portion of hormones causes expansion of the channel. Sperm can quickly pass it.
What you need to know
Negatively on the effect of drugs can have a reception of herbal decoctions. To reduce the activity of the contraceptive may decoction of Hypericum, tansy and diuretic fees. The main problems arise when using diuretic fees. These funds enhance the work of the kidneys. They begin to quickly remove excess fluid from the body. An increase in daily diuresis leads to a rapid elution of the active substance. The contraceptive loses its effect.
Disorders of the gastrointestinal tract can reduce the activity of tablets. Such diseases cause nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Vomiting within two hours after taking the pills minimizes the contraceptive effect. Diarrhea also causes fluid loss. Kidneys strengthen their work. Intestinal absorption is lost. If during the reception of these funds have any problems, the drug may not work. Also, the problem may arise from the treatment of such diseases. In many cases, enveloping and adsorbing agents are prescribed. The first agents form a film on the inside of the stomach and intestines. Contraceptive can not be absorbed into the bloodstream. The second group of substances pulls out harmful substances from the body. With harmful substances from the stomach is removed and the desired drug. The desired effect is not observed.
The hormonal background of women is individual. If the patient drinks the drug with the wrong dosage, ovulation is not suppressed. In such women, during birth control, fertility is preserved. You must consult a specialist to change the drug.
Actions at the time of conception
Some women come to the doctor with a complaint that they have become pregnant while taking pills. Experts advise to monitor the state of the body and signs of an unexpected conception. The following symptoms should cause anxiety:
- no menstrual bleeding,
- swelling of the mammary glands,
- pain in the lower part of the pubis.
If a woman has these symptoms, you need to do a test. The appearance of two strips on it is a positive response. The help of a doctor is needed.
If pregnancy occurs, you need to determine whether the drug has caused harm to the child. Doctors do not advise women to immediately resort to an abortion. Many modern contraceptives in the first weeks of pregnancy do not have a negative impact on the child. If the reception was long, you need to undergo additional medical examination.
If a woman wonders if you can get pregnant by taking birth control pills, you need to know which drugs to drink. To select the appropriate means you need to visit a doctor. He will study the history. The choice of means depends on several factors:
- the age of the patient
- health features
- previous pregnancies.
The younger the woman, the lower the dosage of ethinyl estradiol she needs. The separation takes place at 20, 30 and 40 years. After 20 years, early pregnancies and abortions are often absent. Hormonal background during this period is at the peak of activity. A woman needs a small dose of a hormonal substance. After 30 years, the dose must be increased. You should review the usual pills. After 40 years, hormonal background again becomes unstable. It is necessary to select the combined tablets for protection from conception.
Should consider the presence of problems in health. The selection of tablets is carried out depending on the availability of various pathologies. To this end, the doctor collects anamnesis. According to it, you can choose the most appropriate means of protection.
Also, the selection of contraceptives depends on the presence of previously held pregnancies and abortions. If the patient has a previous pregnancy, regardless of age, a large dosage is needed. The body has been trained. Hormonal background changes. Protection should be more thorough. Abortion is a negative procedure for the hormonal background of the patient. Sharp intervention in the preparatory process leads to a temporary failure. For this purpose, tablets with high dosages should be taken. Reducing the concentration can be through three cycles after an abortion. The drug is prescribed only by the attending physician. Self-treatment should not be.
There are many birth control pills that are produced by modern pharmaceutical companies. The prescription of such drugs as Lindinet-20, regulon, novinet, janine, yarin, diane-35, jess, tri-regol is often found. They have different dosages and have additional effects.
Lindinet-20 and Diane-35 have an androgenic effect. These drugs contribute to the elimination of acne on the skin. These tablets are assigned to girls with an unstable background. Taking Lindinet and Diane helps to establish the hormonal system and treat acne. Also, drugs are used to obtain a rebound effect. It is based on the elimination of infertility of unknown etiology. A girl should take pills for three cycles and abruptly stop using them. There is a surge in hormonal levels. The ovaries begin to actively produce eggs. There is a long-awaited pregnancy. Eliminates lindinet and increased hairiness of the skin. Testosterone levels fall. Excess hair on the halo, upper lip and abdomen fall out.
Regulon and tri-regol are used after the abortion procedure. They contain a large dose of ethinyl estradiol. It normalizes the body. Background damage disappears. But these birth control pills have the opposite effect. Some patients take them because of the low price. In the normal state, these substances can cause cessation of ovarian function. After the cessation of pills, ovulation is not restored. To wake up the activity of the ovaries, additional treatment is prescribed with powerful hormonal preparations.
If the patient has no contraindications, doctors prescribe jess, yarin and zhanin. They contain a small amount of active ingredient. Adverse reactions to these pills are rare. Most patients tolerate long-term use well.
Often the question is asked, a woman drinking birth control pills is it possible to get pregnant. With proper use and choice of the drug, this phenomenon is not observed. If conception has occurred, you need to seek advice. Only the doctor will determine the reason for the lack of contraceptive action.
Why is it not immediately clear that a woman is pregnant?
Each girl chooses his method of contraception, which he considers the most reliable. But each of them is not without flaws. At women's forums, you can read a lot of interesting stories, when couples shied away from intercourse on the days of ovulation, followed all the rules for taking the regimen, but received signs of pregnancy while taking the birth control pills Jess or Jeanine. Why did this happen? Who is guilty?
Gynecologists note that they were treated with pregnancy for all methods of protection, but in each case there was a story, for some reason or another, the tool did not work. Most girls believe that with the help of any pills to protect themselves most reliably, and drink everything. Hence the problem.
Without delving into the mechanism of action of the pills, they alone block the action of others with hormonal drugs. As a result, the sperm reaches its goal, and the girl has frustration and the first signs of pregnancy while taking contraceptives. But they do not pay attention to new symptoms, blaming them on fluctuations in hormonal levels.
Important: Statistics confirm that OC (oral contraceptives) is 100% reliable, with one condition - reception on a schedule.
No one will guarantee for the reliability of this method of contraception, if the body has not yet adapted (the first pack of pills), and on certain days the woman forgot about taking them, and this time coincided with ovulation. It is only in the movie you can think about the virtues of sex, forgetting about precaution. In real life, pregnancy happens while taking birth control pills, new symptoms should also be heeded. But women behave carelessly, relying entirely on the "magic pills."
In addition, the female body is very complex, the period of "addiction" to oral contraceptives, each is different. There have been cases when there was an inexplicable nausea, flatulence, indigestion, and other atypical sensations. After such an adaptation, it is easy to miss the first signs of pregnancy while taking contraceptives. It is especially difficult to understand what happens to you when cyclicality fluctuates, and delay is a common occurrence.
In such cases, you need to have on hand a pharmacy test system, but they can also give an incorrect result in the early stages:
- false positive
- false negative.
What not to do when taking oral contraceptives?
Oral contraceptives contain synthetic molecules that are similar to female hormones, so their action is similar to what happens in the body. Hormone-based contraceptives are designed to block the function of the dominant follicle in order to prevent an egg cell from forming during the ovulation period.
Everyone knows that estrogen and progesterone alternate, and drugs based on them affect the total concentration of hormones in the body. Is it possible to drink contraceptives without control, without consulting a doctor? Gynecologists say that you can, if you consult with a pharmacist, but the range of the pharmaceutical market is great. But the implementer in the pharmacy can not take into account those features of the body that are listed in the medical record.
It is useless to look for those guilty of their pregnancy while taking birth control pills, telling about the symptoms on the forums. Only the attending physician is able to choose the best option:
- with maximum contraceptive outcome,
- with general hormonal correction,
- no side effects.
Keep in mind that it is not recommended:
- hormonal pills to cancel in the middle of the cycle, so as not to provoke a general imbalance,
- abruptly switch to another drug without a pause,
- many years of taking birth control pills without a break,
- Do not pay attention to the missed days without pills,
- continue uncontrolled sex life, using contraceptives that happened to be on hand,
- take long breaks, taking ok.
Caution: The contraceptive effect is observed from the first days of cyclic medication. A delay with the start of reception is OK for 3-5 days, counting from the beginning of menstruation. However, the 1st cycle is best duplicated by other barriers on the days of ovulation. Starting to drink pills at the end of menstruation is useless - hormones are already formed. But there are packs of 21 and 28 tablets each, the instructions say in detail how and when to drink them, from what day to start.
Taking pills, in what cases can you get pregnant?
- Invalid drug selection. Although they are about the same level of active hormone, but there are mini-drank, acting locally. They increase the volume of cervical mucus, making it difficult for seminal fluid to reach its “destination”.
- Frequent gaps in the schedule lead to the fact that normal hormones are restored.
- Violation of the schedule of taking pills is the main reason for which signs of pregnancy are observed when taking contraceptive pills Dimia, Regulon or Lindinet.
- In diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, accompanied by diarrhea and vomiting, the active substance of the contraceptive does not have time to be absorbed into the blood. The effectiveness of the pills will be low or not bring results.
- The use of medicines, antibiotics and alcohol, blocking the action of synthetic hormones. The interaction with other drugs and the effect of organic compounds on the active ingredient of tablets is written in the instructions, but it is rarely studied to the end. Strong tea and coffee, some herbs and teas for weight loss also have a similar effect.
Subject to all recommendations, the probability of becoming pregnant is almost zero. The statistics of "flying" at the level of 3% in each case has its own reasons.
Psychological and medical aspects of the effect of tablets on the fetus
There is a myth that if they were protected with the help of medications, and pregnancy occurred while taking birth control pills, there will be signs of abnormalities in the fetus. Однако, по мнению гинекологов, если зачатие уже произошло, то на развитие эмбриона это не отражается. Но пить противозачаточные таблетки уже нет смысла, это только избыточно раскачивает гормональный фон.
Tip: If there is a suspicion that fertilization has taken place, you need to undergo a pharmacy test, and already in the gynecologist's office, you should argue whether the “two-strip girl friend” is right.
Any doctor will explain that if a woman took contraceptives, then there is no need to have an abortion because of the fear that the child will be defective. These are false concerns, taking multivitamins with folic acid will reduce the risk of pathologies to a minimum, unless they are genetically determined.
It is useful to recall the signs of pregnancy when taking birth control pills:
- delay and absence of menstruation,
- slight breast augmentation, the bra becomes small,
- darkening halos,
- fatigue, drowsiness and apathy,
- increased nipple sensitivity, pain in contact,
- digestive problems, nausea in the morning, sometimes vomiting,
- at night, urging to the toilet, problems with constipation,
- taste preferences change, strange “gourmet” desires appear,
- the raised basal temperature keeps,
- vaginal discharge increases,
- changing appetite
- skin rash, increased pigmentation,
- annoying odors,
- sexual desire is greatly enhanced
- strange aftertaste after a meal or a metallic aftertaste on an empty stomach.
Even if there is bleeding, it is not a fact that the uterus has cleared, often the gynecologist has to scrape it additionally to avoid necrotic processes in the womb. To clarify, you are pregnant or not, you can only in the doctor's office after a blood test for HCG.
Can I get pregnant while taking birth control pills
Can I get pregnant by taking birth control pills? It would seem a stupid question, because all the media and doctors say that oral contraceptives are the most reliable protection against unwanted pregnancies. However, in some situations it is still possible to get pregnant by taking birth control pills. Let's look at these situations, by the way, all of them have information in the instructions for contraceptives, but most women are just too lazy to get acquainted with such a vast amount of information.
Surely, you think that the first negative factor is the “wrong” selection of the oral contraceptive, with the “wrong” concentration of hormones. By no means. All modern contraceptives have almost the same composition. Young girls are recommended to use low-dose preparations with ethinyl estradiol 0.02 mg, which is quite enough to block ovulation. Yes, the reception of contraceptives containing estrogen, leads to the fact that the dominant follicle in the ovary is not formed, the woman becomes, as it were, temporarily infertile. But there are pills with a different action - there is no guarantee of 100% that they block the onset of ovulation, but they definitely contribute to the thickening of the cervical mucus, which prevents sperm from continuing their way out of the vagina. These pills, or as they are called - mini-pills, are less reliable combined pills, which were discussed above, but have fewer side effects. So, taking a mini-drink does not reduce the amount of breast milk, and therefore recommended for lactating women. They are also less likely to cause problems with the cardiovascular system, and therefore they are more often prescribed to women over 35, especially those who smoke more than 10 cigarettes per day. But since there is a small risk of getting pregnant by taking birth control pills of this type, doctors recommend mini-drank only according to strict indications, for women who have slightly reduced fertility, which is exactly what happens in lactating women and women over 35 years old.
1. In the instructions for any OK it is written that they need to be taken at the same time, if the delay is more than 12 hours, then the contraceptive effect will be reduced, which means you can get pregnant by taking birth control pills.
2. Another situation - if a woman has vomiting in less than 3 hours after taking the pill. In this case, it is recommended to immediately take another pill, since the first one is not fully absorbed. The same action should be taken with repeated diarrhea. By the way, for women with a "weak" stomach and intestinal problems, it is recommended to use a ring vaginal ring or a special plaster.
3. Reliability of tablets may decrease due to their interaction with other drugs and even some traditional medicine products. Among drugs, antibiotics are the most common causes of failure. Among the means of traditional medicine - St. John's wort. Moreover, its effect persists for another 2 weeks after the last dose. So, no self-treatment if you are protected by pills. If a doctor prescribes treatment for you, do not forget to mention your method of contraception, you may have to use a barrier (condom or vaginal cap) or chemical contraception (spermicide) during treatment. You also need to do in any situation where there is a risk of reducing contraceptive action.
Effectiveness may be reduced if a woman regularly has intermenstrual discharge and bleeding. With all this, the first three months of taking the drug have already passed, when this reaction of the body is normal (habituation to the drug occurs). Another important point is that you can become pregnant while taking birth control pills, if you do not additionally protect yourself during the first 7-14 days of taking a contraceptive. In the following cycles there is no such limitation, only in the first one.
If pregnancy comes on the background of taking birth control pills, then what is the danger? Reception in the first 3-4 weeks, in fact, does not threaten and in no way serves as a pretext for an abortion. However, if menstrual bleeding does not occur between taking the pills (a seven-day break), you should not start the next pack until you are sure that you are not pregnant. This can be done with a blood test for hCG (most reliably) or a pregnancy test. By the way, in some cases, menstruation when taking pills can really not be, or menstruation come very scarce and end quickly. This is a normal reaction to pills, often this happens when taking low-dose drugs, with the result that the endometrium of the uterus simply does not grow to the thickness when its detachment begins - menstruation.
So, getting pregnant by taking birth control pills is only possible in exceptional cases. All in your hands. Manufacturers give a guarantee of non-occurrence of pregnancy (subject to the instructions), almost 100 percent.
Oral contraceptives - This is a very common, reliable and safe way to protect against unwanted pregnancy. They are easy to use, affordable and effective.
Today hormonal contraceptive pills are presented in a wide range. But you can not choose them on the advice of friends or reviews on the Internet. You can seriously harm your body.
The gynecologist performs simple measurements to ensure the safety of the drug: height, weight of the woman, blood pressure. Additional tests (blood, urine, vaginal smear) are needed to rule out any diseases.
While taking hormonal drugs you need to carefully monitor level of prothrombin, blood sugar, regularly (once in 2 months) to go to an appointment with a gynecologist even in the absence of complaints and satisfactory well-being.
AT based on hormonal drugs is the use of synthetic "twins" of natural ovarian hormones. Among the birth control pills are considered the most popular combined contraceptives.
Their level of portability, reliability, reversibility of exposure and acceptable cost is significantly higher compared to other means. These drugs have two types of female sex hormones.: estrogens and progestogens.
It is they who block ovulation, implantation, and also change the movement of sperm, the work of the corpus luteum, which is a substitute for the released egg and cares about the normal development of the ovum.
Pregnancy after taking pills
After completing the drug the release of the egg from the ovary, which occurs in the middle of each menstrual cycle (talking about ovulation), is getting better and the vast majority of women (approximately 90%) can conceive a child for 2 years.
You can get pregnant after birth control pills already when ovulation is fully restored (and written in most instructions for such drugs). it 2 weeks after cancellation contraceptive drugs.
And someone has to wait a few months to establish ovulation, because not every organism can quickly recover.
How soon can you start planning a pregnancy?
If you want to complete the process of taking birth control pills as correct as possible, because you and your loved one are going to plan the child and you want everything to be perfect, consult with the doctor who prescribed you a contraceptive. Get tested and pass an examination if necessary.
After the abolition of pills carefully watch your menstrual cycle and keep a calendar. This will help as accurately as possible to calculate the appropriate days for conception and the approximate duration of pregnancy. But this is possible only if the cycle is regular.
Sure to balance power. After all, long-term hormone intake in the female body changes the vitamin-mineral balance. The level of absorption of vitamin C, folic acid and certain trace elements may decrease.
Along with this, vitamin A is absorbed in excess quantities, which can adversely affect the development of the unborn child. The doctor will help you choose the appropriate vitamin and mineral complex for you.
"To stop taking the drugit is not necessary to finish drinking the pack to the end. You can complete the pill at any time. ”Many women think and act this way, not knowing how they are actually risking their health.
Doctors advise all the same drink up the whole pack. After all contraceptive discontinuation mid cycleIt can cause heavy bleeding and hormonal disorders.
Start trying You can get pregnant immediately after the cancellation of oral contraceptives. But you can wait and restore the cycle and only then proceed to conceive a child.
Doctors still recommend sticking to the second option. It is better for pregnancy, and ovulation is much easier to predict.
Much depends on periodicity and duration use of this type of contraception. After a 3-6 month course, a woman’s ability to conceive does not generally decrease, but on the contrary increases the probability of becoming pregnant in the first three menstrual cycles.
One three-month course will be enough for someone to get pregnant, and for someone it will be more effective to conduct several such courses: a 3-month pill, then a 2-month break.
But if oral contraceptive use was long-term and continuous, then the reproductive function of the female body is suppressed and a full year may be needed for full recovery.
The older womanthe longer this period: in 22-23 years - a couple of months, in 30 - 1 year and more, after 35 - a few years.
Therefore, gynecologists often recommend take three-month breaks after each year of birth control pills. Otherwise, you can get pregnant only by in vitro (artificial) fertilization.
Do not worry, long-term use of hormonal drugs in no way will affect the course of pregnancy, the development and health of your unborn child. After all, even conception, which occurred during the course of protection with the help of oral contraceptives, is not a reason for worrying about the successful outcome of pregnancy.
This is evidenced by multi-year statistics, thanks to which it was possible to establish that the number of births of handicapped children in such cases is not more than the average statistical. Thousands of healthy babies are essential evidence of this study.
Can I get pregnant by taking birth control pills?
Fertilization risk while taking birth control pills is quite real, but only if the time of use of the drug is not respected.
Also diarrhea and vomiting, which occurred less than 4 hours after drinking a pill, can not 100% guarantee that pregnancy does not come.
In this case, it is necessary take an extra pill, because the likelihood that the former did not have time to digest well is large enough. Only one missed pill sometimes ends in an unwanted pregnancy.
Also you can get pregnant while taking contraceptives because low quality or end-of-life of a contraceptive that you did not notice on time.
If, after a 7-day break in the admission, menstruation has not begun, do a pregnancy test or, to confirm your concerns, donate blood to hCG. But until you get the test results, do not start drinking new packaging.
If the menstrual cycle after the cancellation of the hormonal drug does not return for 6 months, be sure to consult a doctor or a fertility specialist.
This complication can occur after consuming oral medications approximately in 2% of women. Especially often with a similar situation faced young girls and mature ladies. It is also a characteristic sign of latent pathology, the awakening of which provoked the use of contraceptives.
But after all, the main result, and not how you achieved it. Believe in the best and do not give up: children laughter will surely sound in your house.
Reasons for pregnancy when taking birth control pills
Oral contraceptives and pregnancy - things are incompatible, if the instruction is respected. The reasons when everything goes "not according to plan":
- Irregularity Medicines must be taken on time. Taking medication for more than half a day will not have the desired effect.
- Vomiting after taking contraceptive. If a girl less than 3 hours later after consuming the pill has vomited, then one more should be taken urgently. The same actions should be taken with diarrhea.
- Traditional methods of medicine. Many medicinal herbs are natural antibiotics, therefore the action of tablets is dulled. At the time of treatment folk remedies should additionally use the barrier method of contraception.
- Colds. Many drugs that are designed to speed recovery are antibacterial in nature, which, as is already known, dulls the effect of oral contraceptives.
- Bleeding and heavy discharge between menstruation. If a woman has such phenomena, then in the first two weeks of the course it is necessary to additionally protect themselves during sexual intercourse.
- The use of an uncombined oral contraceptive also reduces the production of hormones in insignificant amounts. This suggests a low efficiency of such funds.
- Stress, lack of sleep. Sometimes emotional stress affects the work of medicines, with the result that the hormonal background of the girl becomes unstable.
- Alcohol. First, it can cause vomiting, and cleansing of the stomach prevents absorption of the pill. Secondly, often after drinking alcohol, girls have bloody spotting.
Rules for taking oral contraceptives
How to take birth control pills during pregnancy in the early stages and before its occurrence, you need to check with the gynecologist before the course. Also, the rules are listed in the instructions for each drug. Taking medication is necessary at a certain time and cannot be skipped. When you skip you need in the next 12 hours to drink a pill, and then follow the standard schedule.
The first pill must be drunk for 2-4 days of the cycle. At first, you will have to use additional means of protection during sexual intercourse, since at the beginning of the course the drug in the body did not have time to be activated. A week after taking the first pack of pills, you need to start taking the second one, periodically consulting with your doctor if you have questions or possible side effects.
Signs of pregnancy while taking birth control pills
When taking contraceptives can become pregnant, and the symptoms and signs of this condition may be non-standard for the usual planned conception:
- chest pain, heaviness,
- nausea, vomiting,
- low performance, apathy and low body tone,
- change in taste preferences
- smearing brown vaginal discharge,
- задержка месячных.
Such symptoms when taking birth control pills show pregnancy, if other pathological conditions are excluded. To make sure, it is better to immediately make a test for the content of hCG in the urine or go to the antenatal clinic.
Pregnancy test while taking birth control pills
It is possible that the girl saw the contraceptive and became pregnant, but it did not immediately understand. Often in the early stages the test does not show a positive result, although the fetus is already forming and growing. This is due to the fact that the hormone of the child HCG enters the body of a woman one of the first, but appears in the blood only at 10-12 weeks.
The longer the delay, the more accurate the analyzes and tests will be.
As an exception, menstrual bleeding may be present up to the 2nd month of pregnancy. If you suspect it is advisable to see a doctor, especially if the rules for the use of drugs were not followed.
How do birth control pills affect pregnancy?
Contraceptive during pregnancy is meaningless. If the fetus is already developing, the use of contraceptives will not affect it in any way and will not cause any defects up to 5 weeks. But on the 6th week the child has genitals that are very sensitive to the effects of such medicines.
In some cases, the gynecologist specifically prescribes hormones for a woman if her background is unstable.
What will happen if you drink birth control during pregnancy?
Gynecologists do not consider the use of oral contraceptives during the period of fetal development as a contraindication. Since the amount of hormones secreted by the medicine is not so large as to harm the child and the future mother. It is also not a cause of abortions, but it is recommended to refuse to take contraceptives when pregnancy is established as soon as possible.
Consequences of pregnancy while taking birth control pills
Using contraceptives, you should not worry about the further development of pregnancy, if you stop taking contraceptives in time. Infertility in this case does not threaten the girl. On the contrary, after the cessation of the course, the work of the ovaries increases, which increases the chance of multiple pregnancies. The main thing is to immediately determine your condition, go to a doctor and give up drugs, especially hormonal ones.
Every girl who wonders if you can get pregnant by taking birth control pills should know that this possibility exists, although this is just an exception to the rule. It usually happens when the doctor’s prescriptions are not observed or because of the unstable hormonal background.
To avoid problems with the use of oral contraceptives, you should regularly check with the doctor and listen to the reactions of your body.
A little about the effect of contraceptive oral contraceptives
Contraceptives that contain the hormone estrogen increase its concentration in the body, which therefore blocks the formation of the dominant follicle in the ovary. In simple words, the follicle does not develop, the egg does not mature and does not go out, that is, ovulation does not occur.
There are birth control pills with a different mechanism of action. They do not stop ovulation at 100%, but they thicken cervical mucus. As a result, the consistency of mucus becomes such that it does not allow sperm to get from the vagina into the uterine cavity.
Some drugs help to reduce the motor activity of sperm after they enter the fallopian tubes.
Oral contraceptives are taken once a day at a specific time. Reception begins from the first day of the menstrual cycle, that is, immediately with the beginning of the next menstrual period (on the first day of bleeding).
Causes of pregnancy when taking contraceptives
The instructions for oral contraceptive always indicate that their degree of effectiveness is 99%. So what can happen if a woman falls into this 1% and becomes pregnant?
There are several possible reasons that you need to know and do everything possible not to put yourself at risk for unplanned pregnancy.
So, pregnancy when taking oral contraceptives may occur if:
Can a woman get pregnant if she drinks hormonal contraceptives
Indeed, the use of this group of drugs can not ensure complete safety. Pregnancy can occur and it happens in the following cases:
It is also impossible to take a too long break between courses (no more than one week), be sure to drink the last pill from the course. Failure to comply with the last two points will lead to the fact that the ovaries will start working in the usual way and an unplanned pregnancy can be an unexpected "surprise".
Even if you carefully follow all the rules and recommendations of the doctor and do not violate them, anyway, no drug can 100% protect you from unwanted pregnancy. Anyone may be at risk, and this does not depend on any external circumstances.
What is the probability of pregnancy
If we talk about numbers, the chance to get pregnant, according to statistics, does not exceed 1%. It takes into account only the correct use of drugs, without violations and errors.
Most women are afraid to use oral contraceptives because of the risk of side effects. It is necessary to calm the fair sex - contraceptives in the majority are safe for health.
Of course, you cannot take them on your own, contact your doctor, and he will select the most appropriate option for you personally. Remember that self-treatment can greatly harm your health and lead to unpredictable consequences, so trust your health only to professionals.
How to act in the event of pregnancy?
If you have completed the course of taking the drug, and menstruation does not all occur for a long time (more than 2 weeks), you must perform a special test that confirms or disproves the presence of pregnancy. In addition, it is recommended to donate blood to the level of hCG (it is a human chorionic tropical hormone, if this indicator is very high, it is likely that pregnancy has occurred).
In the case of a positive result, it is important to immediately decide whether you will leave the child or have an abortion. Of course, taking pills should be discontinued, because some of them can cause harm to the embryo. True, during the month their negative impact on the fetus is not very pronounced, although it depends more on the drug being taken.
After making a decision, it is necessary to consult a gynecologist, undergo an examination, which will show whether a uterine or ectopic pregnancy has occurred, and pass a series of tests. Pregnancy that occurred while taking oral contraceptives, as a rule, is no different from normal. Do not be afraid of possible anomalies and malformations - it is scientifically established that the probability of the occurrence of violations in the embryo in this case is no higher than usual.
How some pills can affect a fetus
To date, there are a number of contraceptives, the most frequently prescribed by doctors, as well as used by women themselves. Among them are the following medications: Jess, Regulon, Lindinet, Yarina, and Jeanine.
We offer to get acquainted with the influence of each of these funds on the fetus in the event of pregnancy:
Of course, this is not all hormonal drugs used for protection. There are many other means to describe the impact of all of them on the embryo in one article is simply impossible. In any case, if you suspect that you have become pregnant, you do not need to delay the process of going to the doctor - it is the specialist who will be able to correctly orient you in this situation and give the necessary recommendations.
Psychological difficulties with unplanned conception
Women using oral contraceptives, for a variety of reasons, are trying to protect themselves from pregnancy. That is why they begin to use this method of protection. If such a fact has been accomplished, and the woman unexpectedly discovers two strips on the test, she may begin serious psychological difficulties.
Firstly, it is necessary to solve the situation with the child - as practice shows, many women, after learning that they are pregnant, go to an abortion. If it was decided to leave the baby, then distrust of all methods of protection may develop (as a result of an unsuccessful experience), in some cases it can even go to complete abandonment of intimate relationships, isolation and depressive states.
Fortunately, this is observed quite infrequently, but one should not exclude the likelihood of such a development of events, because a woman who is affected by hormones is much more psychologically vulnerable. And when it still happens what it expects the least, for the psyche it can be a serious blow.
Independently, it is not always possible to overcome oneself and return to ordinary life. Therefore, we can advise in this case to seek help from a qualified psychologist or psychotherapist. The specialist will help the woman survive and release the situation, as well as relieve her from the fear of repeating this in the future.
If against the background of the use of hormonal contraceptives you become pregnant, there is no reason for anxiety and anxiety. You have a great opportunity to give birth to a healthy and happy baby and become for him the best mom in the world. And for the future it is worth adhering to the rules of taking contraceptives and not violate them.