Period of menstruation rarely passes unnoticed. Many women with fear expect PMS (premenstrual syndrome).
One of the symptoms is increased and even reduced low blood pressure during menstruation, which, it would seem, is completely irrelevant to this area.
However, it should be noted that in the days of menstruation, blood pressure can change drastically one way or the other. So what is the relationship between pressure and menstruation? Why in the days of menstruation to the general poor health are still added significant jumps in blood pressure?
Close relationship of pressure and reproductive function
As you know, the hormones that control the menstrual cycle are constantly in the body of a woman.
It is on them that the cyclic development of the reproductive system of the woman and the periodic detachment of the upper uterine mucosa depend significantly. The only thing that changes in this process is the amount of hormones in one or another of the menstrual cycle.
Blood pressure is the force pushing blood to the inner walls of blood vessels.. It can be regulated by both hormonal and nervous factors.
The effect on the pituitary, hypothalamus and adrenal glands is currently established. These organs produce certain hormones that have the ability to influence the tone of the arteries, veins and capillaries. In addition, they can have an impact on each other.
It is in this way that the reproductive system and the level of pressure are inextricably linked. Their action is mutual.
Therefore, the representatives of the weaker sex with drastic changes in hormonal levels also change the indicators of blood pressure.
They can be either high or low.
Increased blood pressure
In order to correctly answer the question of why there is an increase in pressure before menstruation, it is necessary to understand the main reasons that can affect this phenomenon.
The following factors may cause increased blood pressure before menstruation:
- migraine attacks. Migraine can manifest itself due to the elevated blood levels of the hormone prostaglandin, which is quite likely just before the onset of menstruation. When a headache appears, the vessels narrow and expand - this is why there is an increase in pressure during menstruation,
- psychological depression. Increased pressure during menstruation causes emotional instability. This is due to the fact that serotonin levels are extremely low in the body. The vessels, which are beginning to narrow, sharply react to this phenomenon,
- the appearance of edema. Causes high blood pressure with menstrual causes - violations of water-salt balance. Since their appearance is provoked by estrogens, it can be concluded that they have a direct effect on the woman's menstrual cycle. Unfortunately, due to this process, excess fluid accumulates in the human body. Moreover, it lingers in the brain, which prevents the hypothalamus from producing its own hormones. Thus, it contributes to an increase in the elasticity of the vessels and the direct infringement of the nerves, which leads to a significant narrowing of the capillaries.
It is very important to pay attention to changes in the level of pressure during menstruation. If there is a decreased vascular tone, this may signal the presence of any internal pathologies.
The following factors can lead to low blood pressure during menstruation:
- serious diseases of the female genital system. These include myoma and endometriosis, which can lead to bleeding. Thus, a woman loses a large amount of blood, and a significant decrease in hemoglobin level occurs. The consequence of this is the onset of oxygen starvation, a decrease in vascular tone, as well as a drop in blood pressure,
- increased concentration of prostaglandins in the blood. They are able to provoke the appearance of pain in the days of menstruation, and also significantly reduce the level of blood pressure,
- taking certain medicationswhich have a strong analgesic effect. As a rule, some women use them to eliminate the unpleasant pain that appears in the first days of menstruation. These irreplaceable remedies relieve spasms from smooth muscles, thereby helping to reduce the tone of the arteries, veins and capillaries,
- insufficient calories per day. It also leads to a deficiency of essential vitamins and various nutrients. This important factor can lead to the fact that menstruation undergoes serious irregularities and failures, thereby lowering the level of pressure.
What to do before menstruation
As a rule, the problems associated with the instability of pressure, are closely associated with certain phases of menstruation.
In order to keep high and low pressure under control before menstruation, it is necessary:
- provide the body with a healthy and proper diet, which is enriched with vitamins, minerals and various trace elements,
- minimize the use of salty foods,
- exercise regularly,
- completely give up bad habits, in particular from smoking and alcohol abuse,
- avoid various stressful situations
- do not disturb sleep patterns
- regularly measure blood pressure.
How to avoid unpleasant consequences?
As you know, high blood pressure during menstruation is not uncommon. But, nevertheless, it is not necessary to associate problems with vessels only with the period of menstruation. And all because many factors can contribute to this. If a similar situation can be traced during each menstruation, then urgent first aid should be given to your body.
To the means that can improve overall health, include the following:
- with increased pressure during menstruation, physical exertion and other vigorous activity should be avoided. This can provoke increased bleeding up to loss of consciousness,
- when the pressure is very low during critical days, and there is severe pain in the lower abdomen, you should not take painkillers. Effective analgesics may be used instead. In order to speed up the process of removing unnecessary blood from the body, it is necessary before the onset of menstruation to drink drugs that increase blood pressure. One of these is the versatile Citramon,
- if the bleeding is strong enough and does not stop, then it is better to spend most of the time in the prone position. This must be done because during a very painful menstruation even a loss of consciousness may occur. It is desirable for the period of monthly to take sick leave at work or school.
Do not forget that every woman's body is an individual system that has its own rhythm of work. If you try to recognize the signals of the body, you can learn how to correctly eliminate all the unpleasant manifestations of premenstrual syndrome. If you cannot do it yourself, then you will have to resort to using the appropriate drugs.
About the connection of blood pressure jumps with menstruation in the video:
If there is low blood pressure and a high pulse during menstruation, this means that the body has a high content of progesterone. In this case, it is possible to note an extremely abundant blood discharge. As a rule, many women perceive pressure fluctuations as one of the symptoms of PMS.
But if some signs can be considered quite acceptable, then regular increased pressure during menstruation can carry a hidden danger. All processes in the body are interrelated. If there are significant jumps in pressure, this indicates the presence of problems with the heart and blood vessels. That is why many experts recommend to pay close attention to such significant changes in the state of the body and promptly talk about them to your doctor.
How to beat hypertension at home?
To get rid of hypertension and clear blood vessels, you need.
Norm Ad for women
Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg) with special devices: a phonendoscope and a tonometer, and consists of two numbers. The upper index characterizes systolic pressure and reflects the work of the heart. Bottom - diastolic, which gives information about vascular tone. Depending on the level of blood pressure, the condition is classified as follows:
- 120/80 mmHg Art. - normotonia,
- to 140/90 mm Hg. Art. - borderline state
- above 14/90 mm Hg. Art. - hypertension,
- below 110/70 mm Hg. Art. - hypotension.
Women have a slightly lower blood pressure than men. Hypotension and pressure lability are more common. The lower level is due to a lower physique than in men. And lability - monthly shifts of the hormone cycle and greater emotionality. Low blood pressure, accompanying the appearance of menstruation, complicates the flow of this period.
Reasons for lowering blood pressure in the period of critical days
Before menstruation, the hormonal profile changes, there may be low blood pressure when menstruation occurs. The first part of the cycle is dominated by estrogen, which prepares the egg for maturation. This period is controlled by the pituitary gonadotropic hormone. From its activity depends on the timeliness of ovulation.
After the follicle ruptures and the egg is released, the second phase of the cycle begins, controlled by the hormone progesterone. His task is to prepare the uterine mucosa for fertilized zygotes. The inner surface of the uterus is loosened, its blood supply increases. In the absence of pregnancy, mucosal detachment occurs in the form of menstruation.
The work of progesterone provides physiological changes and provokes some pathological signs of premenstrual syndrome, which include low vascular pressure, which appears during menstruation. The combined sequence of two hormone changes normally regulates this cycle. When the system fails, pathological symptoms such as vascular dystonia and low blood pressure occur with PMS.
Shortly before menstruation, symptoms characteristic of PMS as well as hypotension begin to appear. Sometimes they arise from the second period of the cycle. These include:
- bloating, flatulence,
- weight gain
- irritability, nervousness, tearfulness, mood swings,
- decrease in blood pressure, low labile pressure during menstruation.
These symptoms increase until the first day of menstruation. A couple more days may persist, especially low unstable pressure. Their appearance during the next cycle coincides with ovulation and the middle of this cycle. Such phenomena are caused by changes in the hormonal level in the second half of the cycle. The most characteristic is low blood pressure at the beginning of menstruation in women.
Attention! Even before the emergence of a comprehensive clinical picture of PMS, pressure may jump, periodically dizzy, increase heart rate, increase intracranial pressure. The latter is due to the accumulation of fluid in the body to prepare for menstrual bleeding. As we approach the monthly pressure begins to fall.
What is the danger of low performance?
Speaking about the dangers of low blood pressure with regular menstrual periods, one should not mention heart attacks and strokes, which can complicate the state of hypotension. Before menopause, a woman has no pathology that can lead to dangerous complications. The natural level of hormones, protects women of childbearing age from problems with the heart and blood vessels, with low pressure during menstruation, especially.
For young women who have problems with lowering blood pressure during menstruation, there is a greater risk of fainting. A female driver may lose consciousness while driving, especially in hot weather or inside a stuffy overheated passenger compartment in the winter due to low pressure during menstruation.
To increase the pressure in the premenstrual period, a set of measures is applied, including drug therapy and non-drug methods of exposure. The combination of these methods gives the desired result. Therapy has two main areas:
- cycle regulation
- pressure increase.
Restoring normal hormonal status helps to treat premenstrual hypotension. Regulation of the cycle is possible using herbal preparations. They do not interfere with the synthesis of female hormones, gently stabilize the cyclic changes in the female body, and may reduce the risk of low pressure.
To increase the pressure during menstruation, you can use caffeinated drugs or herbal adaptogens. Caffeine is taken in pure form or in combination with other drugs. Adaptogens are called plants and animal products that can activate the functions of the body. They greatly increase the pressure, increase metabolic processes, mood, activity.
In the process of correcting the background of hormones should not interfere with the natural regulation. For the treatment of gross violations of the synthesis and production of sex hormones, experts use contraceptive drugs.
Important! Contraceptive treatment is used exclusively by a gynecologist or an endocrinologist after a thorough examination of the level of hormones, monitoring their cyclical change for several months. Uncontrolled intake of such strong drugs can damage the endocrine system.
For the treatment of hormonal imbalance, manifested in the form of PMS or low pressure during menstruation, use of plant or homeopathic remedies. Their task is to correct the sexual function of women and not to harm. Natural normalizers of fertile hormones include preparations from plant materials in combination with homeopathic substances:
Their reception gives the effect with long-term use, according to the schemes specified in the instructions. The beginning of the improvement will be visible on 2 - 3 cycles. To stop taking the drug with the slightest improvement is impossible. It is necessary to achieve a stable effect and the absence of low pressure from menstruation, full normalization.
Low blood pressure during menstruation can be raised by adaptogens. They have a complex tonic effect on the body. These include extracts and tinctures of the following plants:
The drug is taken in the morning, 20 drops up to three times a day. Adaptogens have contraindications: hypertension, insomnia, neurosis. The course of treatment is at least a month. These tools raise the tone of the whole organism. Of the contraindications worth noting hypertension and insomnia. With the abolition of the dose should be gradually reduced.
Worth keeping in mind! Should refrain from taking adaptogens in the evening, the last dose should be taken no later than 17.00.
Caffeine is available in the form of Caffeine Sodium Benzoate tablets. Dosages 100 mg. Take one tablet three times a day. The third reception also can not be left for the evening. The maximum daily dose is 1 gram (1000 mg). Directly during menstruation, you can take drugs containing nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and caffeine (Citramon).
Treatment of hypotension folk remedies includes toning infusions and decoctions that can be prepared independently. Rhodiola helps well. One teaspoon of shredded root of Rhodiola rosea is poured with a liter of boiling water, aged in a water bath for a quarter of an hour. It is taken half an hour before a meal with honey. The infusion needs to be made fresh every three days.
You can take half a teaspoon of pollen, three times a day. Effective decoction of the thistle. It is worth adding the possibility of aromatherapy tonic odors.
As an anti-inflammatory medicine for menstruation and hypotension, you can use chamomile, dandelion, calendula tinctures. These plants improve the premenstrual period. Effective is the collection of nettle, lemon balm, rose petals.
To stabilize the pressure during PMS and menstruation, drugs and folk remedies are used. Ignoring the beneficial properties of a properly chosen diet is also not worth it. When hypotension should be eaten fortified foods, with an abundance of fiber.
Recommended spices and seasonings. This is a rare condition when spicy, salty and sour dishes are not only allowed, but also shown. Food, irritating taste buds activates the body tone, raises pressure, appetite, mood during menstruation. Good help apples, citrus, kiwi.
Soups should be consumed in strong fish and meat broths. Allowed fast carbohydrates (honey, chocolate) in combination with a sports load. But bakery products should not be abused. They do not give effect and benefit.
The relationship of pressure and critical days
Menstruation occurs due to the constant production of hormones of the reproductive system. They are responsible for the detachment of the uterine mucosa. Blood pressure is the force pushing blood to the blood vessels. The process of raising or lowering blood pressure is regulated by hormonal and neural factors. Some hormones can affect the state of blood vessels, so the pressure of a person is closely interrelated with the functioning of the reproductive system. During menstruation, the hormonal background of the woman undergoes changes and, as a result, the blood pressure jumps.
Blood pressure before critical days
Before menstruation, hormone progesterone comes into play. It is in the blood, so it can cause vascular imbalance. The substance helps to create comfortable conditions for the fertilization of the egg, improves blood circulation in the organs of the reproductive system. The change in pressure in a woman during this period is manifested by weakness, apathy and headaches. Development factors may be associated with the individual characteristics of the organism or with existing diseases.
Causes of increased blood pressure
The main symptom of high rates before menstruation is headaches. Due to the appearance of discomfort, a woman constantly measures blood pressure, suggesting that it is elevated. However, the doctor notes that there are no violations in the cardiovascular system. So what are the main reasons for high blood pressure before menstruation?
- Depression. In most women, premenstrual syndrome is accompanied by a deterioration of mood, irritability, and a depressive state. All these symptoms are due to a lack of serotonin in the blood, called the "hormone of happiness." Its deficiency also provokes narrowing of blood vessels, which leads to an increase in blood pressure.
- Migraine. This symptom is considered to be a common cause of high blood pressure before menstruation. In this disease, the blood pulses more strongly, and the vessels undergo frequent constriction and expansion.
- Puffiness If the water-salt balance is disturbed during the premenstrual syndrome, endocrine system malfunctions occur, in particular, hormone production decreases in the hypothalamus region. The consequence of this is additional pressure on the nerve endings. Vessels are narrowed, which leads to an increase in blood pressure.
Causes of low blood pressure
Low blood pressure is due to the characteristic symptoms of premenstrual syndrome. Signs of PMS are divided into separate groups, each of which may appear to a greater or lesser extent. If a girl is worried neuropsychological symptomsthey are often accompanied by a decrease in blood pressure. Among these signs are mood swings, poor appetite, sleep problems, etc. Another group of symptoms is associated with increased manifestations of pathology. Women have increased appetite, insomnia and other signs. Because of this, there is a decrease in performance.
Menstruation is a purely individual process. It is known that some perceive this phenomenon is painful, in others it is almost asymptomatic. Pressure can remain in a normal condition, but differences are sometimes observed. Consider the causes of blood pressure jumps during menstruation.
Blood pressure can increase during menstruation, even for those people who are not usually bothered by hypertension. Most often this symptom is the result of hormonal disorders. In the period of monthly high blood pressure provoke the following factors:
- pain in the heart,
- feeling of fullness in the bladder,
- irritability for no reason
- bad chair
Often, only some of these symptoms can be pronounced. All of them affect the functioning of the vessels and lead to pressure surges.
The next reason for the increase in blood pressure during menstruation is a disorder of the nervous system. During this period, girls are prone to depression and mood swings. Emotional shocks lead to undesirable consequences, one of which is high pressure.
Low blood pressure is often accompanied by characteristic symptoms: severe abdominal pain, weakness, loss of consciousness. There is a disability, the girl is hard even to get out of bed. The following causes of low blood pressure are noted:
- Abundant menstruationwhich may occur due to gynecological diseases of the body. Severe blood loss leads to a lack of hemoglobin, which provokes an insufficient supply of oxygen to the vessels. At the same time, the pressure of a woman during menstruation is significantly reduced.
- Hormonal imbalance. If the prevalence of some hormones over others occurs in the blood, then a decrease in pressure may occur. This phenomenon is observed in lean women and in those who abuse bad habits.
- Tablets for pain. Menstruation rarely takes place without the use of analgesics, which women often take uncontrollably. A side effect of these drugs is dilation of blood vessels.
- The presence of other diseases. Many pathologies in which regular intake of drugs occurs lead to a decrease in pressure.
- Unpleasant sensations. Sharp pains are often observed in girls with just started menstruation, as their cycle has not yet been established.
- Diet. A decrease in body weight makes the body weaker. During menstruation, a woman needs to consume more resources than usual. The lack of beneficial substances that enter the body during a diet leads to a decrease in blood pressure and vascular tone.
Pressure after critical days
At the end of menstruation, most often the unpleasant symptoms disappear immediately. However, blood pressure may still deviate from the norm. This is due to the fact that even at the end of menstruation, hormones continue to affect vascular tone. Long jumps of blood pressure, continuing after menstruation, may indicate not only hormonal imbalance, but also a serious disruption in the work of the cardiovascular system.
How to regulate blood pressure during menstruation
The relationship of pressure and menstruation is proven, but an increase or decrease in blood pressure may be a result of the influence of other factors. You must listen to your body during menstruation. When anxious symptoms of changes in blood pressure occur, it is important to be able to take action and help yourself.
At the first signs of an increase in blood pressure, it is necessary to resort to receiving painkillers. During the period of menstruation you can not load your body and engage in excessive physical activity. It should be more time to relax, stay relaxed.
Quick help with low rates is the use of appropriate drugs to increase blood pressure, for example, analgesics. Normalization of pressure contributes to citramon.
The common effects of blood pressure surges are heavy bleeding and weakness of the body. Rest and healthy sleep will help bring the pressure back to normal.
Prevention and treatment
If self-help did not bring a positive result, it is recommended to consult a doctor who examines the patient and directs her to take tests for determining the level of hormones. If abnormalities are identified, the specialist will prescribe hormone therapy.
There are many popular methods for the normalization of indicators. So, to reduce high blood pressure, they drink mineral water with lemon and honey before breakfast during the week. Herbal tinctures, as well as ginger tea, will help increase blood pressure.
An important component of treatment is diet. It is necessary to limit the use of salt and sugar. It is recommended to give up such bad habits as alcohol and smoking, because they often affect the state of blood pressure.
Jumps of indicators are often a normal process during menstruation. But if the change in pressure becomes regular, then we can assume the presence of disturbances in the body. For further treatment, you need to consult a doctor.
Causes of pressure change during menstruation
Symptoms and causes of high pressure during menstruation depend on the prevailing form of the physiological maturation of the egg. Thus, it will be possible to give the following characteristics:
- Crisis forms are characterized by such manifestations as a feeling of bladder overflow, vanity, pain in the region of the heart. During menstruation, significant differences in blood pressure are not excluded.
- The main manifestation of the edematous form is fluid retention in the body, accompanied by constipation, symptoms of nausea and rare urination. Such symptoms also contribute to high blood pressure.
- There is another form - cephalgic, it is characterized by manifestations of the type of the IRR. In this form, pain occurs in the region of the heart of varying severity and intensity, as well as significant disturbances of the heart rhythm (heartbeat). Increased blood pressure when this occurs most often, the fall almost never happens.
There is one very interesting feature that one cannot fail to mention in this article: many women note that as soon as menopause sets in, they begin to burn more in their breasts and feel dizzy. Again, to explain this phenomenon in terms of physiology is almost unreal. Most likely, there are some hormonal disorders that lead to all these changes, but no one can say anything reliably about this.
Monthly blood pressure can be both low and high. There is no single, standard violation of this constant, and no one can reliably say what exactly this can be connected with and why in some women the pressure can rise by 10-20 indicators during menstruation, while in others the opposite can fall. For example, some scientists believe that dependence on the body constitution can be traced here - astenically folded girls will have much more pressure to ride, and even if you drink Valocordin with Captopress, hypertension will still manifest every month.
Focus on the fact that it is not always logical to associate an increase in blood pressure only with menstruation, since Other changes in the process of vital activity of the organism can also contribute to this. However, the relationship between pressure indicators and cycle periods has been determined, therefore, a woman should be ready for blood pressure jumps during menstruation.
Pressure fluctuations before menstruation
The dynamics of pressure during menstruation in all women manifests itself in different ways. In many cases, it rises before menstruation, and decreases during menstruation.
During the second phase of the menstrual cycle, the concentration of the hormone progesterone increases in the blood of women. Exposure to this hormone helps create ideal conditions for the development of the ovum. Progesterone prepares the uterus, and contributes to the formation (formation) of the endometrial layer. But another very significant role of progesterone is that it relaxes the smooth muscles of the uterus, creates obstacles to the rejection of the ovum. At this time, progesterone contributes to the emergence of new blood vessels that are needed for successful childbearing. In order to ensure high-quality blood flow in such a number of vessels, the blood pressure rises. This means that the increase in pressure before menstruation depends on the action of progesterone, and this condition is normal.
Abundant pathological symptoms during menstruation is the result of a significant hormonal adjustment that occurs when the egg cell matures and leaves the follicle.
Changing blood vessels before menstruation
All women on the eve of menstruation feel the characteristic signs of PMS. In many cases, they are associated with the changeable state of the vessels. Headache is one of the main signs preceding menstruation. It appears approximately 7 days before the beginning of the month, and may well be an indicator of high blood pressure.
Now there is an active propaganda means called "Novaring" - is a contraceptive, the effect of which develops due to the hormonal effect. But the manufacturer offers this tool and as a "guarantee of deliverance" from all unwanted symptoms that can only develop during menstruation. So, in fact, this remedy will not save anything from anything but an unwanted pregnancy, and cannot be saved a priori - these are the features of its mechanism of action. Believe me, even if you use Novaring for a month, you will not notice any increase or decrease in pressure.
In the process of menstruation, many systems are involved. Before it starts, a liquid is collected in the woman’s body thanks to the hormone progesterone. Puffiness compresses blood vessels, affects the nerve endings, increases the activity of blood vessels. They taper, as a result, the pressure rises.
The pressure can rise, causing a great deal of anxiety, and, when used during menstruation, strong coffee (and not only rise, but also “jump” from low to high values, and vice versa). In addition, in such situations, the pulse is often increased (an increase in this indicator occurs up to 100-110 beats per minute), and the intracranial pressure is also disturbed, and there is shooting pain in the ear. Reducing pressure in such situations is a very difficult task, since it must be lowered with extreme caution, since it can fall far below the norm.
Severe headache attacks - migraines, also indicate high pressure. As a result of hormonal changes before the onset of menstruation, the vessels either dilate or sharply narrow. The blood is actively pulsating, there is an increase in pressure. During menstruation, progesterone controls the reproductive system. It softens the endometrium, thus creating a favorable environment for the fertilized egg, improves blood supply to the pelvic organs due to the expansion of the vessels. Since progesterone is in the blood, the hormone acts on all organs of the female body.
The pressure during menstruation rises, which is observed not only by hypertensive patients, but also by women with good health. The main reason for such changes is hormonal changes, which can be difficult due to the individual reaction of the vessels, sometimes it is difficult to even just get out of bed.
Pressure after menstruation
After the end of the menstrual days, most of the unpleasant symptoms go away, and the health (it would be more correct to say - the quality of life) of the woman improves. But the pressure after the critical days may still deviate from normal values upward or downward. This occurs as a result of cyclical changes occurring in the body.
The fact is that at the end of menstruation, big changes occur in the reproductive system as a result of the action of follicle-stimulating hormone and estrogen, as these hormones continue to affect the body and vascular tone. The jump in pressure during menstruation is seen by most women as simply an unfavorable symptom of PMS, which will soon be gone. However, in the event that certain properties of the syndrome can be considered natural and not dangerous, then this manifestation (violation of blood pressure numbers) sometimes indicates significant pathologies.
This can be explained by the fact that all processes in the body are subject to mutual influence. Deviation from the standard pressure, including due to a failure in the reproductive system, can be hurt by cardiovascular dysfunction. Therefore, it is necessary to find out its causes of its occurrence from the doctor and correct the reasons for the change in the index.
How to normalize blood pressure during menstruation
Headaches before or during menstruation do not need to be ignored. It must be remembered that during the hormonal adjustment period, the body reacts to all stimuli, without exception, much sharper, so for a few days it is better to refrain from cigarettes and drinking alcohol, which can have an undesirable effect on pressure. Those who cannot stop using pain relievers and feel dizzy during menstruation should not take antispasmodics, but drugs with an analgesic effect can help increase blood pressure. For those who, on the contrary, it rises during menstruation, they just recommend to take antispasmodics, which dilate the blood vessels in order for the pressure to drop.
It is not recommended to take medicines on your own, as the doctor must prescribe them on the basis of the examination and complaints of the patient. To bring the vessels to normal as quickly as possible, you need to do the following things:
- Cold compresses: a heating pad filled with cool water should be applied to the head for 20 minutes.
- Essential oil: add a couple of drops in a container with hot water and breathe over it, covering your head with a clean towel. For this procedure, you can take oil lavender, rosemary, sandalwood, eucalyptus. In addition, they can also be rubbed into the whiskey. Exclude from the menu chocolate, milk, sausage, offal, potatoes, bread, beef and pork.
First aid in the presence of high pressure is reduced to compliance with the following tips:
- With elevated blood pressure it is recommended to drink antispasmodics.
- On the eve of critical days, vigorous activity and physical activity should be avoided.
- Когда давление резко понижается, для того что бы снять боль, принимают не спазмолитики, а анальгетики.
- On the eve of menstruation, you can take drugs that increase blood pressure, for example, Citramon. These medicines will speed up the blood excretion process.
- For severe bleeding, it is advised to stay in bed for as long as possible. At work you can take a vacation, and from school - to take time off.
At the same time, remember that significant changes in blood pressure can cause severe weakness, including loss of consciousness.
To reduce headaches for PMS yourself, you need:
- Wash your head with very cold water. Wet the scarf with ice water and put an ice compress on the temples, forehead or back of the head. The cold constricts the blood vessels, such a procedure for 15-20 minutes will stop the strong throbbing pain. After which the procedure must be repeated again.
- Make a neck massage yourself, or ask for help from a loved one. During the massage you need to stretch your shoulders. Next, stretch your neck, make bends and turns the head. Only after the warm-up can you push hard on both sides of the spine at the base of the skull. Of course, you will be much more comfortable if the neck massage is made by another person - it’s not very comfortable, and you won’t be able to relax.
When blood pressure drops during critical days, it is recommended to take analgesics instead of antispasmodics. This is explained by the fact that drugs from this pharmacological group contribute to the normalization of blood pressure. These include: Analgin, Paracetamol, Coldrex, Theraflu.
If the onset of critical days, on the contrary, causes an increase in blood pressure, the doctor prescribes antispasmodics to help relax muscles, relieve anxiety and tension. These include: No-spa, Papaverin, Trigan, We must not forget that the recommended medication drugs have a number of side effects, so do not recommend using them without consulting a specialist. Especially carefully take the above medications adolescents.
Home treatment or folk remedies
It will be possible to reduce high pressure not only with the help of some synthetic preparations - there are a lot of effective non-drug drugs that can be used as an aid, but only after prior consultation with the attending physician:
- During the week, drink a glass of mineral water with the addition of juice of half a lemon and 1 tbsp. honey Take it on an empty stomach.
- Mix 100 g of sugar and two cups of cranberries, heat, bring to a boil. Drink with high blood pressure, one glass before meals. Pour 2 tbsp. black currant with boiling water, boil for 10 minutes on low heat. Let the broth infuse for about an hour, then strain. Drink four times a day for 1/4 cup.
Therapy is necessary only in cases when the body has a constant increased or decreased level of hormones. In other cases, enough prevention.
- When the pressure is lowered, you can use the following recipes: Pour one glass of boiled water 1 tbsp. dry herb perforated Hypericum, insist for an hour. Strain, use 1/4 cup every day before eating.
- Dissolve in a glass of sweet strong tea 1/2 tsp. ginger powder. Apply three times a day for 7 days. Do not increase the dose to avoid heart palpitations.
- Prepare a tincture of ginseng on vodka in a ratio of 1: 5. Drink three times a day, 25 drops.
In order to avoid jumps in blood pressure during menstruation in the future, you need to change your lifestyle. Here are a few recommendations that will help you achieve the desired results. So, it will be necessary:
- Observe proper nutrition, add to the menu a sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals.
- The use of salt and sugar should be reduced to a minimum, because "Thanks to" they collect fluid in the body.
- Salads are advised to fill with vegetable oil and lemon juice, in any case, not mayonnaise and salty sauces.
- In addition, you need to increase physical activity and refrain from bad habits. Smoking, abuse of caffeine and alcohol - all this is reflected not only in blood pressure indicators, but also in the well-being of the organism as a whole.
Diet during the period consists of the following products:
- Nuts The beneficial effect of nuts on the female body is difficult to overestimate - they not only give a feeling of saturation, but also struggle to preserve the figure. Very useful for PMS almonds, hazelnuts, walnuts and pine nuts.
- If you have pain in your back and joints, then your body does not have enough calcium. The lack of valuable trace element - the cause of many manifestations of PMS. Milk, cottage cheese and low-fat cheese will help to correct the situation.
- In order for calcium to be well absorbed, add foods containing vitamin D to your menu — eggs, butter, and sea fish. Broccoli. This vegetable contains many important for the female body folic acid, activates the appearance of red blood cells - red blood cells. In addition, broccoli contains a lot of calcium and vitamin B6 - the latter reduces fluid retention in the body, helps relieve convulsive pains and stabilize estrogen levels.
Sometimes the only condition that allows you to eliminate undesirable manifestations during menstruation is the removal of the ovaries. Yes, after such an operation, the clinical effects will begin to decline, but the woman will be forced to lose forever the ability to bear children. This question must be discussed before surgery. In addition, the likelihood of developing menopausal syndrome with poor manifestations will increase.
When to see a doctor
Monthly - a completely normal, physiological, natural phenomenon for the female body. Normally, menstruation should be calm and not cause any ailments, as in the period before and after. When you have severe headaches, you feel sick, suffer from other unpleasant symptoms, you need to begin to adjust the order of the day, food and rest, and if it does not help, contact a doctor.
If you have discomfort during menstruation, you should consult a specialist, as this can be caused by diseases of the cardiovascular, gynecological or endocrine nature. It is necessary to pass tests for hormone levels. If an imbalance is found, the doctor will prescribe a highly specific metabolic therapy. Sedatives or psychotropic drugs, antihistamines may also be prescribed. Antihistamines make it possible to reduce swelling. In addition, an important point will be making adjustments to your lifestyle.
The relationship of pressure and monthly
With the onset of one or another phase of the cycle in the woman's body, hormones change. If during the first 2 weeks the ovaries and adrenal glands produce a large amount of estrogen, then after ovulation, which occurs in the middle of the PMS cycle, and before the onset of the critical days, progesterone prevails - a steroid hormone that causes hypertension during menstruation. It works like this: the main goal of female progesterone is to prepare the “environment” for a possible pregnancy. It relaxes the smooth muscles of the uterus, forms the endometrial layer and promotes the emergence of new vessels that are necessary for carrying a pregnancy. To ensure blood flow in the newly created vessels, the pressure increases. Depending on the state of the vessels and the health of the woman, the pressure may have dropped or, on the contrary, increased, she may feel both before the onset of menstruation, during or sometimes after critical days.
Blood pressure before menstruation
The central nervous system, as well as the hypothalamic-pituitary system, are actively involved in the synthesis of hormones secreted by the ovaries and adrenal glands. A rush of blood caused by steroid progesterone affects the function of the hypothalamus, causing, including jumps in blood pressure. The increase in pressure before menstruation is caused by the fact that the body accumulates fluid, which puts pressure on the blood vessels and the heart, causing the latter to beat faster and pump blood faster. As a result, hypertension occurs. Signs of high pressure are:
Why does blood pressure drop before menstruation?
Low blood pressure before menstruation is due to a lack of vitamins, especially magnesium. Low hemoglobin also contributes to hypotension. In addition, low blood pressure during menstruation is mainly diagnosed in women prone to great emotionality, who also have the following symptoms among persistent symptoms before menstruation:
- weight gain
- loss of appetite.
Blood pressure during menstruation is an individual question. For many, it is elevated during this period, as the beautiful sex during critical days experiences a storm of emotions, which causes their heart to pump blood faster, which affects the state of health. At the same time, for others, the time comes when pressure drops - they begin to feel weak and dizzy. It is considered normal if during menstruation the pressure rises or, on the contrary, drops. So do not immediately panic, but you still have to visit the doctor for an accurate diagnosis.
Increased pressure at CD
Although progesterone ceases to act as menstruation begins, high blood pressure these days is not pathological. Reducing the hormone serotonin leads to a state of depression, anxiety, pain in the heart, and this, in turn, leads to a narrowing of blood vessels. Plus, the fluid accumulated in the body pushes against the walls of blood vessels, thus narrowing them, and the body reacts to this with hypertension. In addition, among the reasons for which high blood pressure is recorded during menstruation, doctors call the following:
- violation of water-salt balance,
- bowel disease,
- vascular diseases,
- heart disease,
Low pressure at KD
For some women during the critical days, the pressure may drop. Hypotension is dangerous because a woman can feel unconscious and dizzy and lose consciousness and fall in the middle of the street. It also leads to disability on critical days, especially if it is accompanied by abdominal pain. Most often, low blood pressure during menstruation is associated with blood loss, especially in the first 2 days, when the discharge is especially abundant. Factors that also affect hypotension during menstruation include:
- gynecological diseases
- hormone imbalance
- severe abdominal pain,
- strict diet,
- heart diseases,
- endocrine disorders
- uncontrolled administration of pain pills, overdose with antispasmodics.
What happens to blood pressure after menstruation?
2-3 days after the end of menstruation, the work of the vessels stabilizes. At this time, it is not necessary to be afraid that the pressure jumps, remains high or low - this is a consequence of the change of cycles. When a woman’s state of health returns to normal, for example, she stops drinking antispasmodics or excess fluid comes out of her body, then the arrow on the tonometer will gradually decrease and return to normal.
What to do from blood pressure drops?
Headaches before or during menstruation should not be ignored. It is worth remembering that during hormonal adjustment the body reacts more and more sharply, so for a few days it is better to refuse cigarettes or alcohol, which can affect pressure. Those who cannot do without pain relievers, but feel dizzy during menstruation - you should not drink antispasmodics, but drugs with an analgesic effect - this will help increase pressure. Those who, on the contrary, it increases during menstruation - just need to take antispasmodics, which dilate the blood vessels, so that the pressure drops. Taking medication on your own is not recommended, as the doctor must issue them on the basis of the examination and complaints of the patient. To normalize the work of vessels you can use:
- Cold compresses - a heating pad filled with cold water should be applied to the head for 20 minutes.
- Essential oil - add a few drops in a container with hot water and breathe over it, covering your head with a towel. For this purpose, suitable oil of lavender, rosemary, sandalwood, eucalyptus. They can also be rubbed into whiskey.
- Exclude from the diet chocolate, milk, sausage, offal, potatoes, bread, beef and pork.
Changes in blood pressure during menstruation
Hormonal background implies a constantly existing set of hormones that increase or decrease depending on the day of the cycle and the reproductive period of a woman’s life. They affect each other and are controlled by the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian system and the adrenal glands. Blood pressure, in addition to hormones, is corrected due to various nervous factors, first of all they affect the state of the vascular wall and its tone. High pressure is bad for vascular tone and general condition.
Hormones that affect the state of blood vessels, namely, glucocorticoids, aldosterone and adrenaline, closely interact with the hormones responsible for the menstrual cycle. Because of this, the connection between the reproductive system and the cardiovascular system is so close, and the pressure rises before menstruation.
Changes in the state of the vessels
Progesterone is a hormone that is responsible for fertilization and the creation of conditions favorable for the embryo. Under its influence improves the blood supply to the pelvis, and as it circulates in the blood, the vessels dilate throughout the body. Because of this, blood pressure rises during menstruation, and for some, due to individual characteristics, it may slightly decrease. What does this mean, besides the fact that pressure rises and falls? Possible concomitant symptoms include:
- headaches of varying intensity,
- emotional lability, irritability, mood changes,
- sleep inversion
- change in appetite
- pain in the breast, discomfort.
Such symptoms may occur during and before menstruation. The menstruation itself is painful and difficult to tolerate.
Premenstrual tension syndrome
If the above symptoms appear before menstruation, then most likely this is a manifestation of the premenstrual syndrome crisis form. The clinical picture of this type of PMS is as follows:
- acute onset
- excessive sweating
- pressure increase
- feeling of heartbeat,
- unreasonable alarm.
The peculiarity is that in the inter-crisis period a woman feels satisfactory and does not bother her anything. A crisis may occur in erased form, that is, some of the above symptoms may be absent, the pressure may not rise.
The edematous form of premenstrual tension syndrome is characterized by similar symptoms, but has a number of differences. The following symptoms are included in the clinical picture:
- breast engorgement,
- pain in the chest,
- swelling of the upper and lower extremities, faces,
- excessive sweating
- weight gain for this period
- sensitivity to foreign odors,
- sore joints
- weakness, lethargy,
- sleep inversion
- violation of defecation.
In edematous form, there is a negative diuresis. That is, much less fluid is excreted from the body than is supplied. In some situations, this is not due to the redistribution of fluid in the body. The girls of young reproductive age are prone to the edematous form of premenstrual syndrome, and the more mature form of the crisp form.
Increased pressure during menstruation may appear for other reasons. The most common factors leading to the fact that the pressure rises include the following:
- hormonal medication,
- endocrine system diseases
- high cholesterol
- poor nutrition,
- lack of vitamins and essential trace elements,
- reduced vascular tone
- genetic susceptibility to hypertension,
- individual features of the body.
The causes leading to this condition may be different. The important point is whether hypertension is constant, but it starts to disturb before menstruation, or the working pressure is within the normal range and it rises exclusively in the premenstrual and menstrual periods. Reducing pressure before menstruation, pressure before menstruation can also tell a lot.
Hypotension with menstruation
Low blood pressure is a problem for many women. Hypotension is not an independent diagnosis, but a symptom of some other pathology. It is important to determine whether it is acute or chronic, life-threatening, accompanied by disorders of the internal organs, is not associated with shock reactions, drug poisoning, pneumothorax, decreased blood return to the heart, anaphylaxis, a sharp decrease in cardiac output or circulating blood volume.
Essential and symptomatic hypotension is distinguished.Some athletes have hypotension of high fitness, but it is combined with bradycardia and is explained by vagotonia. Low blood pressure can also be triggered by various factors, not all of which directly affect the cardiovascular system. These include:
- individual features of the body,
- hemoglobin drops,
- poor nutrition,
- big blood loss
- Parkinson's disease,
- uremic polyneuropathy,
- infectious diseases
- Marfan syndrome,
- anorexia nervosa
- Shi-Dryger syndrome,
- Addison's disease
- sports hypotension
- nephrotic syndrome in kidney diseases (pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis).
In addition, arterial hypotension is typical for residents of highlands and the tropics. If the reduction in blood pressure is moderate and fairly stable, not accompanied by complaints, then such hypotension can be regarded as a constitutional feature. In some cases, such a condition can be a manifestation of somatized depression, which is inherent in women in the premenstrual and menstrual periods, it is rather difficult to increase it.
Many medical drugs cause low blood pressure during menstruation. These medications include:
- adrenoreceptor blockers,
- MAO inhibitors,
- tricyclic antidepressants (nortriptyline, amitriptyline, imipramine),
- tetracyclic antidepressants,
- phenothiazine antipsychotics (promazin, chlorpromazine),
Due to nephrotoxicity, vincristine also causes prolonged hypotension. In some drugs, hypotension is a side effect, so in such situations it is necessary to replace the drug with a similar or similar mechanism of action, but with other active ingredients.
Possible concomitant symptoms
Why is sick before menstruation? Menstruation is accompanied by various symptoms. The feeling of nausea most often appears in the second half of the menstrual cycle, between ovulation and directly during menstruation. This may be the answer to many factors, ranging from a possible pregnancy to a higher content of serotonin in the cerebrospinal fluid.
When a woman is often nauseous with increased pressure, it is possible that this condition is caused by a hormonal imbalance. Most often, hormonal disruptions occur due to uncontrolled, inappropriate intake of hormonal contraceptives. In such situations, complaints are supplemented by excessive irritability, a sensation of heat, and vomiting.
To identify the root causes, you should consult a gynecologist or an endocrinologist. Based on anamnesis, physical examination, additional laboratory and instrumental studies, the doctor will be able to prescribe effective and adequate therapy if treatment is required. In some situations, hormone replacement therapy is needed to regulate and control hormonal levels, and sometimes it suffices to limit ourselves to modifying the lifestyle. As a rule, when a woman begins to follow basic nutritional recommendations, her pressure decreases to the necessary tonometer numbers.
First of all, it is necessary to reduce the use of table salt to five grams per day. The required amount of this product is contained in food and water, and salt abuse leads to an increase in pressure. This is quite difficult to achieve, but listening to the advice to significantly reduce the consumption of table salt is more than realistic. Salting food is better not during cooking, but into your plate, so you do not need to add salt to it. Salads are best seasoned with lemon juice and vegetable oil, except for mayonnaise, salty sauces, and salt.
It is recommended to combat addiction, such as smoking and alcohol. They adversely affect the state of the vascular wall and blood vessels in general. Especially pernicious is the combination of tobacco and alcohol, as smoking constricts blood vessels, and alcohol expands.
Do not forget about the dosed exercise, it is necessary to maintain physical activity at the proper level, as it has a beneficial effect on health, especially female. Suitable walking, jogging, yoga, physical therapy and gymnastics, Pilates. Light exercise helps to reduce pressure, when it starts to decrease, then the symptoms caused by it will pass. Reducing pressure by modifying a lifestyle takes more time, but it’s better than drinking pills all the time.
It is necessary to refuse coffee, caffeinated beverages and strong tea. You can switch to chicory and green tea, they are natural antioxidants and improve metabolism. Nutrition should be rational, fractional and nutritious. It must be enriched with essential vitamins, minerals, fiber. Such a plan must adhere to at least a month and the pressure will cease to rise.
The relationship of the cardiovascular and reproductive systems in women
Hormones are responsible for the regulation of the menstrual cycle, which produce internal organs, the brain and the central nervous system are responsible for this process. Changes in hormonal levels occur at different periods of the cycle. Deviation occurs before the onset of menstruation, and the pressure will temporarily fluctuate even after critical days.
In the middle of the cycle, when ovulation occurs, progesterone levels in the body increase. This hormone and provokes the formation of pressure surges before menstruation.
This happens because in this way the body is prepared to bear the fetus, the smooth muscles of the uterus relaxes, new vessels appear.
Depending on the health of the woman’s vascular system, the pressure rises or falls.
Why pressure increases before menstruation
Before the onset of critical days, many women experience a painful headache. It occurs due to increased blood pressure. If you conduct a survey with a specialist is not always identified any violations.
There are three reasons for this condition:
- Estrogens affect the water-salt balance of the body, while the fluid is retained in the tissues. Puffiness disrupts the natural process of hormone production, vascular tone occurs.
- With constant pressure fluctuations, when vasoconstriction and dilation of blood vessels periodically occurs, migraines occur.
- Irritability during this period is associated with the minimum serotonin content in the female body. There is a general weakness, apathy, while vessels are also narrowed.
Why pressure before menstruation decreases
The main cause of hypotension is considered a lack of vitamins, especially magnesium. Often this condition occurs in women with anemia. Also, the problem occurs in overly emotional people, with the following symptoms before menstruation:
- sleep disturbance,
- loss of performance
- excessive sweating
- loss of appetite,
- excess weight.
A similar phenomenon occurs in women who abuse smoking and alcohol. However, people with no bad habits, but with psycho-emotional disorders, are prone to this disease.
Pressure and vessels during menstruation
Vascular dystonia also adversely affects the period of critical days. There are pain in the heart, there is a violation of blood pressure. Increased pressure at this time is not a deviation, most often this happens under the influence of estrogen.
The presence of a low blood pressure indicates the pathological processes in a woman's body:
- Diseases of the reproductive system, tumor formation, which contributes to heavy bleeding. After that, the level of hemoglobin in the blood decreases sharply, which negatively affects vascular tone. To relieve painful cramps women resort to the help of antispasmodics. These drugs effectively fight pain, but reduce vascular tone.
- With an active concentration of prostaglandins in the blood, pain spasms occur. In this condition, blood pressure decreases.
- Women who are constantly trying to lose weight through unloading diets often suffer from low blood pressure. Such a fascination is fraught with hormonal disorders in the body. Sometimes with an active hunger strike, menstruation does not occur for several months.
Also read: What to do if the child has low blood pressure?
Jumps of pressure on the period of menstruation, adversely affect the body's work. Especially when this condition is observed every month for a long time. If the accompanying symptoms are considered more harmless, then the violations of blood pressure have to be fought with the help of drugs.
If there is low blood pressure after menstruation
Most often hypotension occurs with weakness of the vascular system. A person all the time feels unwell, has a tendency to frequent fainting. To cope with the disease it is recommended to take special complexes of vitamins and minerals from a young age.
In the event of anxiety, it is allowed to use sedatives based on natural herbs. For training vessels actively play sports, especially effective with this problem - swimming.
According to statistics, the symptoms of PMS are observed in more than 80% of women worldwide. Treatment is required when reduced or elevated hormone levels persist continuously. In other cases, you must follow the preventive recommendations:
- Reduce the amount of salt consumed per day to 5 grams. Glutinization of the body causes pathological processes. It is advisable to salt the dish only in the plate, and not during cooking. Salads to fill with lemon juice.
- Physical activity is the key to a healthy body. There are many methods of effective training for women: Pilates, yoga, breathing exercises. Only you should not overstrain the body with heavy strength exercises, it only aggravates the problem.
- The pressure jumps are often affected by coffee. Therefore, lovers of this drink is better to go to herbal tea.
It should critically review the diet, to avoid long breaks between meals. If you follow these rules for 1 month you can see visible results.
Communication of the reproductive system with pressure
The menstrual cycle is regulated by hormones, which are produced by several organs, coordinated by the brain, the central nervous system. At different stages of the menstrual cycle, the balance of hormones changes, which corresponds to natural processes.
Pressure is characterized by the force pushing blood to the blood vessels. As a result, they narrow or expand. Pressure is regulated by hormones, the nervous system. At the same time, the effect of pressure on the functions of the hypothalamus, the pituitary gland in the brain, has been established.
The hormones adrenaline, aldosterone, glucocorticoids affect vascular tone. Thus, between the reproductive system, pressure, there is a direct and inverse relationship. Their action is mutual.
Therefore, in women with changes in the hormonal background, the pressure changes, on the contrary, high or low pressure changes the hormonal background.
Pressure before menstruation
The situation that is regarded as the norm develops as follows. Shortly before the onset of menstruation, the hormone progesterone prevails in a woman's body.
It is responsible for the further development of the fertilized egg, creates the conditions for its successful implantation, and, in the absence of conception, loosens the endometrial layer, promotes rejection. What causes menstruation.
The hormone helps to improve blood circulation by increasing the number of vessels, their expansion. To ensure this state of the vessels, the pressure must be high. That is, the pressure before the monthly increases due to the action of progesterone.
Just before the onset of menstruation, progesterone levels decrease. The hormone stops its activity, because with the onset of menstruation a new cycle begins.
With the onset of menstruation, all functions with the rejection of the endometrial layer are performed thanks to the hormone progesterone. The spasms with a sudden narrowing and dilation of the vessels are over. The main task is to clean the uterus from the old layer of the endometrium.
What comes out with blood discharge. To prevent bleeding, blood pressure drops during the period. Vessels remain extended. But there is also an inverse relationship - blood pressure decreases throughout the body with blood loss.
In the period of menstruation, the pressure drops anyway.
However, there is a situation when the period of menstruation, before menstruation, checks for stability of the vessels of the woman by sudden pressure surges. In a normal process, this situation occurs during the activity of the uterus, when it makes attempts to tear away the endometrial layer.
In addition, on the eve of menstruation, progesterone levels fall. The role of superiority transmits to another sex hormone - estrogen. A change in hormonal levels leads to a decrease in pressure.
Causes of high blood pressure before menstruation
Every woman before the onset of menstruation feels signs of PMS. In most cases, they are associated with the variable behavior of the vessels. Headache is considered the main symptom preceding menstruation. It begins approximately in 1 week prior to prospective monthly. And may indicate an increase in pressure.
- Many systems are involved in the appearance of menstruation. Shortly before they begin to accumulate in the body fluid due to the hormone progesterone. Puffiness squeezes blood vessels, affects the nerve endings, increases vascular tone. They narrow, there is an increase in pressure.
- Severe headache attacks - migraines, also indicate an increase. Due to hormonal changes before menstruation, the vessels either dilate or contract sharply. Actively pulsates blood, causes an increase in pressure.
- On the eve of critical days, the state of the nervous system is changing. It also regulates the state of hormones and the rate of pressure. The characteristic signs of PMS in most women are irritability, tearfulness. This happens because of a decrease in the hormone serotonin. Appears a state of depression, depression, which leads to a narrowing of blood vessels. And, as a result, the pressure rises before menstruation.
Low pressure on the eve of critical days is typical of women with PMS manifestations of the neuropsychic group. When insomnia, depression, depression, loss of appetite. Everything is based on emotions. In addition, affects the state of craving for alcohol, smoking, addiction to coffee. Lack of vitamins, magnesium, low hemoglobin leads to a decrease in pressure.
Reduction in the period of critical days
The decline is associated with hormonal, emotional. Depends on the nature of the flow of critical days. The main reasons for the decline are:
- The presence of gynecological diseases, as well as diseases associated with the formation of hormones, causes abundant bleeding in women. As a result, a large amount of blood is lost from the first days, hemoglobin falls. The blood slowly functions in the arteries, the blood pressure goes down. Abundant bleeding may be present due to genetic location, abnormalities of the genital organs, the use of the intrauterine device. The situation is permanent or temporary.
- During the period of critical days, few people do without painkillers. Antispasmodics well relieve spasm, relieve pain. But at the same time affect the state of blood vessels. They expand, which provoke a decrease in blood pressure.
- Severe pain during the critical days is caused by an increased amount of prostaglandin hormones. They lower blood pressure.
- The presence of diseases of the vascular system, endocrine processes of the menstrual cycle only become more complicated. Then in one "bottle" arrhythmia, headache, weakness, low blood pressure.
- Strict diet, not a balanced diet. A lack of vitamins, minerals in the body leads to a violation of the menstrual cycle - a delay of critical days, as well as a decrease in blood pressure.
Low blood pressure is provided by natural processes in the body during the period of critical days. But the presence of diseases, adverse factors make it critical.
In a normal cycle, the body recovers after a critical day within a week. The hemoglobin rises, the psychoemotional state improves. The hormonal balance is changing - blood pressure rises.
Or rather, it normalizes to normal values.
Relationship of changes in blood pressure with monthly
An important element of the functioning of the human body is the presence in the blood of a certain amount of hormones. Here it is correct to explain that hormones, whose action is directly connected with the menstrual cycle, are constantly in the body.
The amount of hormones depends on:
- cyclical development of reproductive organs,
- timely rejection of the upper layer of the uterine mucosa.
Depending on the cycle time, the percentage ratio of hormones needed to regulate internal processes changes.
Blood pressure (BP) - the force of the impact of blood on the walls of blood vessels.The regulation of this indicator is the work of the nervous and endocrine systems (pituitary, hypothalamus, adrenal glands, thyroid gland). Thus, the following hormones affect the level of blood pressure:
- Synthesized by the adrenal glands - adrenaline, norepinephrine, cortisol, aldosterone.
- Steroid hormones - estrogen (estradiol and estrone), progesterone.
- Synthesized in the thyroid gland - thyroxin T4 (tetraiodothyronine) and triiodothyronine T3.
Changes in the level of hormones and, as a consequence, the violation of the natural balance occurs as a result of the development of pathological processes associated with the work of the organs of the endocrine system. Disruption of the endocrine system can affect the change in the menstrual cycle and the violation of blood pressure.
Small changes in blood pressure levels before or during critical days is not a deviation.
Causes of pressure increase during menstruation
Increased blood pressure during critical days is a change that observes both in hypertensive patients and in people without pressure disorders in everyday life.
The main reason for the increase in the level of pressure is a change in the hormonal balance associated with the work of the reproductive system.
Forms of changes in the state of the female body with the onset of menstruation:
- Critical form - there are panic attacks, pain in the heart, signs of frequent overcrowding of the bladder. All of these symptoms are directly related to increased blood pressure.
- Edematous form - there is fluid retention in the tissues, rare urination, nausea, and constipation. Especially pronounced swelling of tissues of the face and fingers. The accumulation of fluid leads to pinching the walls of blood vessels and increase blood pressure.
- Cephalgic form - a violation of the vascular system. There is a violation of the heart rhythm, attacks of muscle contraction of internal organs, pain in the area of the violation.
Also, the increase in pressure during menstruation is influenced by the emotional state of a woman during this period. Emotional surges reflect changes in the central nervous system and are natural during menstruation.
Delayed menstruation or lack thereof can also cause serious disturbances in natural blood pressure, leading to an increase in blood pressure. The cause of the cycle change can be pathological processes in the endocrine system, gynecological diseases, prolonged diets with the rejection of a number of necessary products and increased levels of stress.
Low blood pressure
Lowering the pressure before, during or after menstruation is also a form of normal state. A decrease in pressure may be a reflection of changes in a number of factors associated with the reproductive system, hormonal balance, or psycho-emotional state.
The most common factors causing pressure to decrease are:
- Gynecological diseases - endometriosis, fibroids, polyps. Pathologies cause significant blood loss, which leads to a lack of nutrition of the rest of the body’s tissues with oxygen and necessary substances for a period of time.
- Imbalances of progesterone and estrogen - the prevailing amount of estrogen can cause a decrease in glucose levels.
- Lack of weight.
- Abuse of painkillers and antispasmodics.
- Algomenorrhea is a phenomenon most commonly seen in adolescent girls. Pathology is associated with the formation of a cycle and an excess of prostaglandins, as well as the state is accompanied by severe pain.
- Concomitant diseases - vegetative dystonia, endocrine disorders, leading to the need for regular use of drugs.
- Hypotension and arrhythmia.
- Abuse of diets with the rejection of a number of essential food.
To eliminate or alleviate the manifestations of low blood pressure, it is recommended to consult a gynecologist. Identification of the main cause of the violation will soon improve the condition or make the necessary diet and lifestyle in the absence of significant deviations from the norm.
What to do with changes in blood pressure
Most often, signs of malaise disappear after the completion of menstruation, however, the restoration of the natural level of blood pressure may take much longer. Prolonged jumps in blood pressure are also associated with hormonal balance and its cyclic change, affecting the tone of blood vessels and the general condition of the body.
In case of a pressure change, it is necessary:
- Learn individual systematic deviation from the norm that occurs monthly (increases or decreases by how many units).
- In the case of a systemic decrease in blood pressure before menstruation, it is recommended to take medication in advance to increase pressure (Citramon).
- If lowering blood pressure is accompanied by pain, take medication from the group of analgesics (Paracetamol, Ibuprofen, Piroxicam, Ketoprofen) or antispasmodics (Drotaverine, No-shpa).
- In the case of heavy bleeding, bed rest should be followed and do not resort to exertion.
- In some cases, when the examination revealed significant abnormalities in the hormonal balance and their relationship with pressure disorders, the gynecologist may prescribe an appropriate replacement therapy.
It should be noted that the use of substitution therapy should occur only under the supervision of a physician, and after passing all the necessary tests. Intervention in the balance of hormones affects not only the amount of hormone injected, but also the ratio within the remaining system. Preparations of this series have significant contraindications and consequences, which is why their use is made under the supervision of a specialist, and self-prescribing drugs is strictly prohibited.
For a normal normalization of high blood pressure during critical days, it is recommended to adhere to some rules of nutrition:
- reduce the amount of salt used up to 5 g per day (to reduce the risk of edema),
- for the preparation of salads, you should use lemon juice or vegetable (olive) oil, for the time being exclude mayonnaise, high-salt sauces, soy sauce,
- you should stick to easy-to-prepare dishes, give up fried, smoked and very sweet foods,
- reduce the amount of consumed tea and coffee to a minimum, replace them with juices or clean water,
- do not overeat because of the risk of increasing the load on the intestines.
If the condition of the woman during menstruation is not critical, it is recommended to go out into the fresh air, walk, do light exercises without a load. Some doctors and psychologists say that a significant percentage of deterioration depends on the psychological mood during this period and the expectations of negative events.
The change in pressure during the period of critical days is not a pathology, but, on the contrary, refers to the natural physiological manifestations of the processes associated with the health of the reproductive system. To alleviate the condition, systematic increases or decreases in blood pressure should be measured and help the body, based on the data obtained with the help of medicines, lifestyle changes or nutrition.
In case of significant deviations from the norm, which are expressed not only by weakness and minor ailments, but also by the appearance of pain, cycle changes and other pathologies, it is recommended to seek help from a gynecologist to determine the cause and eliminate the symptoms.
Nature provides for fluctuations in the state of a woman depending on the hormonal phase. At the same time, in a completely healthy woman, these drops will not be pathological. They will not reach such a level of manifestations that require a visit to a doctor. Low blood pressure during menstruation is a concern.
In modern times, people are exposed to stress, which can not splash out. Unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, tense working conditions add negative effects. Therefore, some normal natural processes are somewhat unbalanced. The body's resistance may decrease. Pregnancy, menstruation, menopause occur more acutely than one would expect from these physiological states, almost "on the verge" of pathology. You should be more attentive to yourself. A woman who has low blood pressure during menstruation is subject to examination, search for causes. It is important to carry out prevention, depending on the causes of low blood pressure.
How to avoid troubles with blood pressure
It is not always reasonable to associate problems with blood pressure only with the processes of the menstrual cycle. Because many factors contribute to this. But there is a close relationship. If the situation repeats every time, the woman needs to learn how to save vital energy, provide first aid.
- With extremely low blood pressure in the period of critical days with the appearance of severe pain, take not antispasmodics, but, for example, analgesics. To accelerate the process of blood discharge on the eve of critical days, drink drugs that increase blood pressure. For example, Citramon.
- During the period of heavy bleeding, spend more time in bed. Take the hospital at work, allow classes at the university. Because in a weak state even loss of consciousness is possible.
- With elevated blood pressure can take antispasmodics. Avoid physical activity, vigorous activity shortly before the start of critical days.
Every woman's body is an individual system. It should be studied, learn how to smooth out the PMS or avoid them altogether. If necessary, you should seek help from specialists.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU HAVE DETECTED MYOMO, CYST, INFERTILITY, OR OTHER DISEASE?
- You are worried about sudden abdominal pain.
- And long, chaotic and painful periods are already pretty tired.
- You have insufficient endometrium to get pregnant.
- Highlight brown, green or yellow.
- And the recommended drugs for some reason are not effective in your case.
- In addition, constant weakness and ailments have already firmly entered your life.
An effective treatment for endometriosis, cysts, fibroids, unstable menstrual cycle and other gynecological diseases exists. Follow the link and find out what the chief gynecologist of Russia recommends.
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Can blood pressure increase during menstruation?
In fact, it is possible, it can be either low blood pressure, or high blood pressure.
Perhaps you have a hormonal disorder during critical days, and therefore the arterial pressure rises, it may be lower, in order to find out the exact cause of high arterial pressure, you should really consult a gynecologist or a gynecologist and endocrinologist.
Judging by your comments, your hormones are in order - perhaps you didn’t pass all hormone tests exactly which tests should be taken only by the gynecologist.
Therefore, if you are very worried, go to the doctor for examination.
question author chose this answer as the best
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Yes, it happens and it is caused by the usual hormonal failure or simply - an unusual reaction of the body - this should not be afraid, but going to the doctor still does not hurt.
Everything related to human health and the functioning of his body is individual and requires a proper approach.
that's why I advise you not to be afraid of anything and calm down, and after that, go to the doctor and pass all the necessary tests - if necessary.
my wife was told at all - drink a sedative - afabozol. then everything was forgotten and now nothing bothered. Apparently, in truth there was a failure in the work of the genital organs and the organism itself.
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On critical days, women often feel a throbbing knock on their temples, or, on the contrary, feel dizzy.
The reason for this may be pressure during menstruation, which due to the action of hormones increases or decreases.
Moreover, attacks of hypotension or hypertension may begin several days before the onset of menstruation or continue during and several days after, until the body returns to normal.
Why pressure changes before menstruation: causes of increase or decrease
Menstruation (the beginning of the cycle) is accompanied by a number of changes in the health and well-being of the woman. Blood pressure during menstruation is unstable, it can decrease or increase depending on the individual characteristics of the organism. The relationship of pressure and menstruation is due to the action of hormones and a number of other factors.
The mechanism of increasing blood pressure before menstruation
The activity of the vascular and reproductive systems in women is closely interrelated. Therefore, changes in hormonal levels that accompany the menstrual cycle, affect the work of the heart and blood vessels. Blood pressure before menstruation is often deviates from the norm up or down.
The answer to the question why pressure rises before menstruation is not straightforward. The reason lies in the complex effect of several factors, the main of which is hormonal:
- Progesterone is a steroid hormone, the effect of which is most pronounced in the second half of the cycle (preceding menstruation). Its role is to prepare for fertilization. He is responsible for the growth of the endometrium, the formation of new blood vessels to feed the future fetus, the removal of the uterus tone. High blood pressure before menstruation helps to activate new vessels.
- Another reason for which during blood periods can increase blood pressure - the accumulation of fluid in the tissues of the body. Under the action of estrogens, the water-salt balance changes, edema may occur, and the load on the walls of blood vessels increases.
- The level of the hormone serotonin in this period is reduced to a minimum - it provokes irritability, depressive states. The nerves constrict blood vessels, therefore, with PMS, the pressure is often increased.
Manifestations of arterial hypertension are not always hormonal in nature. There may be other reasons why the load on the vessels increases before menstruation:
- genetic predisposition
- endocrine diseases
- high blood cholesterol
- sedentary lifestyle,
- taking certain medications
- nutritional disorders, lack of essential trace elements and vitamins.
For a better understanding of the causes, you need to find out whether blood pressure rises only during your period. If symptoms of hypertension are also present during other periods, medical correction may be required.
Reasons for lowering blood pressure during menstruation and after it
Sometimes unusually low pressure is diagnosed before menstruation. As a possible cause of this phenomenon, low hemoglobin, vitamin deficiency, magnesium deficiency are considered. Often, pressure before menstruation drops in emotionally unstable women with a sensitive psyche.
Changes in blood pressure during menstruation are individual and may vary from woman to woman.
In some cases, the onset of bleeding is accompanied by a sharp decrease in blood pressure, which also adversely affects the state of health.
The following factors contribute to the aggravation of this condition:
- uncontrolled intake of antispasmodic drugs and analgesics,
- diet, strict dietary restrictions,
- hormonal disorders,
- painful course of menstruation,
- pathologies of the heart, blood vessels, reproductive system of a woman,
Regardless of whether high or low blood pressure accompanies a woman during menstruation, after their completion it usually returns to normal. Emotional state after critical days stabilizes, progesterone levels fall. As a result - the tone of the arteries also returns to normal. If improvement is not observed within 2-3 days, you should consult a doctor.
Pressure jumps during menstruation may be associated with the presence of a number of diseases, and it is better to identify them in a timely manner.
Low blood pressure
Low blood pressure during menstruation also needs correction. In this case, it is recommended:
- To relieve pain during menstruation apply analgesics.
- Take vitamins and drugs to increase hemoglobin (preferably on the recommendation of a doctor).
- If possible, lead an active lifestyle. If the bleeding is severe, try to rest more.
- Adhere to a healthy diet - avoid alcohol, fatty, spicy and other unhealthy foods.
- Drink more fluid - this allows you to keep the pressure at an acceptable level.
If the pressure drops monthly during menstruation, it is necessary to consult a doctor and be examined. Hypotension may be a consequence or concomitant symptom of a serious illness. Many diseases of the female reproductive system contribute to a large blood loss during menstruation, which leads to a pathological decrease in blood pressure.
Compliance with the recommendations corresponding to a specific type of deviation of blood pressure from the norm, will allow you to go through the period of menstruation with minimal discomfort.
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Why pressure changes before menstruation: reasons for raising or lowering Link to main publication
Causes of low and high blood pressure during menstruation.
Asymptomatic during the menstrual period is a real rarity. Almost all girls fear manifestations of premenstrual syndrome.
Symptoms each may be different, but most often there is an increase or decrease in blood pressure during menstruation. At first glance it may seem that these symptoms have nothing to do with the course of the menstrual cycle, but this is far from the case.
Doctors argue that blood pressure at this time can change dramatically. So what can cause such exacerbations?
Relationship of pressure and reproductive system
The function of managing the menstrual cycle in girls is performed by special hormones that are produced in her body on an ongoing basis.
They primarily affect the development of organs of the reproductive system, as well as the function of protecting the upper layers of the uterine mucosa from regular rejections.
Only the percentage of certain hormones on each of the segments of the cycle can change.
First of all, it’s worth finding out what the term “blood pressure” means. This is the force with which blood presses against the inner vascular walls. Both hormones themselves and certain nervous factors can be responsible for its regulation.
Today, the influence of the hypothalamus, adrenal glands and pituitary on blood pressure indicators has been studied. Hormones that affect vascular tone are produced in these organs.
In addition, they can also affect each other. Because of this, there is an inextricable link between the jumps in blood pressure and organs of the reproductive system. They act mutually.
In this regard, women may experience an increase in pressure during menstruation.
Read How to Wash a Spot of Monthly Blood
So why the pressure may rise? Let's look at the main reasons:
- Migraine, manifesting itself when the rate of prostaglandin in the blood increases. Headache without any doubt can be the root cause of vasoconstriction,
- Depression. In this state, the woman has an extremely low serotonin level, which also affects the condition of the blood vessels,
- Edema, contributing to an increase in the elasticity of the arteries and veins, as well as the pinching of nerve endings, which greatly affects the narrowing of the capillaries.
Pressure before menstruation
Before menstruation may fluctuate blood pressure. It can both rise and fall. So why does blood pressure rise before menstruation? Factors due to which the pressure rises quite a lot. Increased pressure before menstruation can be observed with headache, which occurs for the following reasons:
- As a consequence of the effects of estrogen on the female body, fluid retention occurs in the tissues. Edema negatively affect the process of producing the necessary hormones, which can cause vascular tone,
- Frequent fluctuations in blood pressure cause frequent migraines,
- In the body of the lady contains an insufficient amount of serotonin. In this case, there may be general weakness and apathy, because of this, the vessels also narrow.
In spite of the fact that most women have hypertension before menstruation, in some cases girls turn to a cardiologist also because of low pressure. Let's take a closer look at what the causes of the pressure below normal can be:
- Diseases of the reproductive system. First of all, it is fibroids and endometriosis. These diseases can cause bleeding, as a result of which a girl can lose a lot of blood. In this case, the hemoglobin level is greatly reduced. This can lead to oxygen starvation, a drop in pressure and a decrease in vascular tone,
- The concentration of prostaglandins is much higher than normal. This can cause pain during menstruation. In addition, blood pressure drops and headaches occur,
- Receiving strong painkillers. Since such drugs can relieve muscle spasms, the tone of the arteries, capillaries and veins can decrease,
- A small amount of calories per day. There is a deficiency of vitamins and other nutrients. This leads to frequent irregularities during the menstrual cycle, and the pressure level drops accordingly.
Read When they go monthly after scraping
You should pay your attention to the fact that the abuse of alcoholic beverages and tobacco products is also a bad influence on the state of the vessels. Despite this, during menstruation, such a disease can occur in everyone, even if there are no bad habits. A significant role is played by the psycho-emotional state of a person.
Critical day pressure
As we know, every woman's menstruation is different. Symptoms that may accompany this process may also differ.
Thus, the pressure jumps of each are different, and in some cases even absent. Someone may complain of high blood pressure during menstruation, and someone - at low blood pressure.
So in what cases when blood pressure rises? Most often this occurs due to the influence of certain hormonal factors.
Low pressure may indicate such pathological processes in the female body:
- Diseases of the reproductive system, tumor diseases that contribute to heavy bleeding. The vascular tone is disturbed, which is why girls quite often resort to the use of antispasmodics, which in turn also adversely affect the condition of the vessels, even if they remove unpleasant pain,
- Fasting diets can also often cause low blood pressure. In addition, such diets are fraught with serious hormonal disruptions in the body. In some cases this can lead to a long cycle delay,
- Painful cramps caused by a high concentration of prostaglandins in the blood, contribute to lowering blood pressure.
After menstruation, the fair sex may also have problems with blood pressure. Usually, the body returns to normal within a few days after menstruation.
However, if the condition has not improved, and the pressure has risen significantly or dropped, you should consult a doctor. This may indicate the appearance of various kinds of diseases.
In addition, blood pressure after menstruation should not jump, otherwise there is cause for concern.
How to return the pressure to normal
If the lady is faced with a sharply rising or falling pressure, then in order to alleviate the condition, you can and should even use these recommendations:
- Attach a damp cloth to your head, or use a regular heating pad,
- Type in a small bowl of boiled water and add a few drops of rosemary or lavender essential oil. After that, tilt your head and breathe in pairs. It is considered more efficient to rub the oils into the weighing area,
- Do not consume large quantities of confectionery during menstruation.
Read The Causes Of High Temperature During Monthly
If there is an increase in pressure, it is recommended to take antispasmodics. They promote muscle relaxation, relieve anxiety and stress. Vivid examples of such drugs are: No-shpa, Trigan, Papaverin. If you are dealing with low blood pressure, antispasmodics are contraindicated, and you need to use analgesics: Paracetamol, Theraflu, Analgin, Coldrex, etc.
Do not forget that all the above induced medications have certain side effects. Read the instructions for use of the drug and find out if you have any contraindications. If you are not sure whether you can take this or that drug - contact a specialist.