The female reproductive system is a well-established mechanism. It has hormonal fluctuations throughout the entire fertile age. Full body activity is always accompanied by secretion of vaginal secretions. It can change its consistency, structure, volume and composition. Each woman should know and be able to distinguish when creamy white discharges are the norm, and in which cases indicate a pathological process.
The nature of the secret in different phases of the cycle
What is a selection? This is a secret that is continuously produced in the genital tract. It consists of mucus, epithelial cells and bacteria that live in the vagina. Normally, they are representatives of lactoflora, and in various disorders - pathogens. Violation of the existing balance is considered the main prerequisite for the development of inflammation.
The qualitative composition of the discharge may vary depending on the phase of the female cycle. Its beginning is considered the first day of the monthly. From the end of menstruation until the 12th day of the cycle, a woman can observe scanty discharge. Often they have a mucous consistency, and their color changes from almost transparent to pale yellow. The smell is either completely absent or slightly sour. Before menstruation, the volume of the secret is always increased.
On the 14th day, the amount of discharge increases. Such changes are due to the ovulation period - the time when the egg matures. In this and several days in the woman’s body, favorable conditions are created for the onset of pregnancy. In a humid environment, sperm is easier to achieve its ultimate goal. From about the 16th day a creamy white discharge appears. Light shade secret give dead elements of the epithelium of the vagina.
What should be considered the norm?
White, creamy discharge without odor and itching is considered the norm. Doctors identify other signs that help distinguish them from the pathological form:
- A little unclear.
- Yellowish shade that is clearly visible on the daily sanitary pad.
- Lack of burning and itching in the vaginal area.
Before ovulation, the secret acquires a mucous consistency. Such changes are due to increased levels of estrogen. These hormones are responsible for increasing the secretion of vaginal mucus. Some time after the follicle leaves the egg, it changes again, becoming more dense. At the same time its quantity decreases. Closer to menstruation, the volume of secretion increases again. Such changes are characteristic of a healthy menstrual cycle.
White creamy discharge before menstruation
The secret before the onset of menstruation becomes quite abundant. Gynecologists explain this phenomenon by reducing the amount of hormones in the body. On the other hand, excessive secretion often indicates health problems. Therefore, a woman should be able to distinguish pathology from the norm.
In the first case, the creamy discharge is accompanied by a sour odor, itching and burning in the genital area. Sometimes pathology is signaled by blood streaks in mucus. At occurrence of the listed symptoms it is necessary to address the gynecologist. It is better not to postpone the visit to the far box.
How do the secretions change after ovulation?
White creamy spots on the daily strip may differ from those that were before the follicle leaves the egg. The mucus after ovulation becomes thick and viscous, which indicates the active “work” of progesterone in the corpus luteum. It usually forms on the site of a previously broken follicle. Vaginal secretion is very similar to the discharge associated with pregnancy. After successful fertilization of the egg, they are produced by the action of the same progesterone. However, in this case, its concentration is much higher than before conceiving a baby.
The amount of secretion gradually increases and reaches its critical level at about the 16th week of pregnancy. Such a sign is often scary, but the results of tests usually put everything in its place. If a woman is healthy, the content of leukocytes should not exceed 20. Values from 20 to 40 are also the norm. The excess of these indicators indicates the beginning of inflammation in the body.
Thick vaginal secretion - the forerunner of disease
White creamy discharge with smell often indicate pathological processes in the body. The prevalence of this symptom is approximately 35%, and sometimes it can reach 95%.
All the reasons for the change in the nature of the secret can be divided into several conditional categories:
- Inflammatory pathologies of the intimate sphere.
- Violation of hormonal levels.
- The consequences of prolonged antibiotic therapy.
- Frequent douching.
- The use of intrauterine devices.
- The development of malignant neoplasms.
- Traumatic processes affecting the cervix.
Also, the reason for changing the nature of the secret is wearing uncomfortable underwear. Sometimes a similar symptom occurs against the background of the use of aggressive soap, which includes a large number of chemicals. That is why doctors recommend women to use special gels and products intended for intimate hygiene.
The reasons for the appearance of creamy secretions strongly depend on the age of the woman. In menopause, they can be caused by atrophic vaginitis, and in childbearing age - inflammation of the intimate sphere.
Infectious processes in which creamy white discharges appear include such diseases as:
- bacterial vaginosis
- gonococcal cervicitis.
To focus exclusively on the clinical symptoms of the disease is wrong. In this case, without a qualified help gynecologist simply can not do.
Cheesy secret in the development of thrush
White creamy discharge, itching in the vaginal area - these are the symptoms in 70% of cases indicate thrush. This disease is caused by fungi of the genus Candidae. These microorganisms are considered conditionally pathogenic, since they constantly live on mucous genital organs. It does not allow them to multiply due to the acidic environment that lactobacilli and bifidobacteria create in the vagina. However, under the influence of certain factors, the balance is disturbed. Among them are:
- reduced immunity
- frequent change of sexual partners
- synthetic underwear
- the presence in the diet of sweets and confectionery,
In a short period of time, the discharge acquires a chewy consistency, becoming abundant. A woman begins to pursue an unpleasant sour smell in the intimate area. Towards evening, the clinical picture is usually complemented by aching pain in the lower abdomen.
If untreated, the disease becomes chronic. Sour smell and discomfort gradually recede. A creamy white discharge appears which is distinguished by its malleability. It is during this period that the cervix becomes inflamed, which is confirmed during colposcopy.
When to go to the doctor?
In case of any changes in the consistency or color of the vaginal secretions, please consult a gynecologist. The specialist after inspection on the chair usually assigns a series of tests. Based on their results, it is worthwhile to judge the presence of diseases. On the basis of bakposev gynecologist can determine the presence of pathogenic flora, to estimate the number of leukocytes. In some cases, additional PCR, ultrasound and colposcopy analyzes are required.
Principles of therapy
Diseases affecting the reproductive system cannot be treated on its own. Each problem associated with the appearance of creamy white secretions must be addressed in a comprehensive and phased manner. The treatment should be selected by a gynecologist, taking into account the cause of the pathological disorders.
Therapy always begins with the elimination of the source of the disease. For these purposes antibacterial drugs in the form of pills or suppositories are used. With their help, you can quickly suppress the activity of conditionally pathogenic microorganisms.
In the next stage, women are assigned activities to restore the natural flora of the vagina. They involve hormonal medication, the use of candles with lactic acid. In this case, the choice of specific drugs and methods of treatment depends on the doctor.
After carrying out therapeutic procedures, it is extremely important to restore the functioning of the immune system. Vitamin complexes, physiotherapeutic procedures are usually prescribed for the purpose of prophylaxis.
White creamy discharge from women is most often considered the norm. However, sometimes they are a symptom of a pathological process. Any gynecological disease always causes discomfort to the woman and requires competent therapy. To avoid such disorders, doctors recommend that you follow the basic rules of prevention.
- Personal hygiene is required. Water treatments are recommended twice a day.
- When choosing underwear preference should be given to the options of natural fabrics.
- Gynecologists do not recommend daily use of sanitary pads, because they practically do not miss the air. As a result, a favorable environment is formed for the vital activity of pathogenic microorganisms. If the daily pads are not possible to refuse, you need to change them more often.
For the timely detection of gynecological diseases it is extremely important to regularly be examined by a female doctor.
Vaginal secret and menstrual cycle
Depending on the menstrual rhythm, the ladies have a different kind of secret. It is a collection of mucus with epithelial cells. In addition, it includes leukocytes and bacteria that live in the vagina.
Before ovulation begins, vaginal discharge is a transparent color of a stretching character. Mostly they look like egg white.
Ovulation is a natural process that occurs monthly in the body of a woman of childbearing age. At this time, the follicle is broken, and the newly formed egg enters the fallopian tube. Moving along it, it goes to meet the sperm, so that a successful conception occurs. The process is controlled by hormones produced by the glands of the reproductive system. Thus, the mid-cycle discharge acquires a creamy whitish consistency.
At the beginning of the monthly rhythm of the vaginal fluid almost never happens. This period is often called dry. Before the cell comes out, a mucus of sticky character appears. At that moment, when the follicle is broken, a secret resembling egg white comes out. If creamy secretions appeared during ovulation, then the egg entered the fallopian tubes.
It is important to know.
A woman who keeps track of the monthly cycle can calculate the period of ovulation. If at this time the egg “meets” the sperm cell in its path, conception is inevitable. Such simple actions help to successfully plan a family.
Creamy discharge after ovulation indicates an increase in progesterone levels. Due to this, the secret becomes thicker and practically does not change throughout the entire cycle.
Before the beginning of menstruation, its consistency changes, and it becomes liquid. If fertilization has occurred, in the first weeks of pregnancy the appearance of creamy discharge indicates the development of the fetus.
Of course, it is impossible to say unequivocally that the creamy secret of white color always indicates the interesting position of the lady.
In the event of pregnancy, the vaginal fluid after ovulation changes its consistency. This makes it possible to close the uterus neck and protect the fetus from various infections.
In the second period of the monthly cycle, women appear white, creamy, odorless discharge. First, they come out in small quantities, and closer to the menstruation increase.
Sex and personal preferences
After unprotected intimate relationships, in the morning thick white discharge is detected in the lady. They are the result of the process of cleansing the female body.
The composition of sperm includes protein, which, falling into the acidic environment, folds. Thus, there is a secret of white color. He can go out during the day after copulating with a man.
White discharge without smell often appear due to the fault of the lady herself. The use of underwear made of synthetic fabrics, which fits snugly to the body, affects the state of the intimate zone.
Care products for genital organs with a lot of alkali, can cause a white secret. To get rid of it, it is enough to change the detergent.
With frequent douching, the vaginal microflora is disturbed, therefore a white or yellow liquid appears. As you can see, a balanced attitude towards hygiene protects against unnecessary problems.
Pointers of the reproductive system
Depending on the place where the failure occurred, the white creamy discharge from women can be like this:
The occurrence of cervical secretion indicates an endocrine disease, inflammation or trauma.
If the mucous membrane of the vagina is damaged, discharge like a white cream comes out.
If a woman has diabetes, her sebaceous glands work in a heightened mode. The result is a vaginal fluid creamy consistency.
When a mucus resembles a cream appears, as a result of natural processes, it should be:
- white or yellowish
- homogeneous character
- without unpleasant smell
- in a small amount
- Do not provoke swelling of the labia.
These indicators vary, depending on the monthly rhythm, which does not indicate the development of the disease.
Often this kind of odorless and itchy discharge is found in women or girls with hormonal disorders. When puberty occurs in a young body, hormones affect the vaginal secretion. Some teenagers may experience a feeling of dryness in the genitals. The reason for this - poor vaginal secretions. After the first menstruation, vaginal discharge becomes natural.
The appearance of adult women creamy discharge of nature often associated with pregnancy. During this period, fundamental changes occur in the hormonal system, aimed at the development of the fetus. This is expressed in copious amounts of white secretion.
When a woman begins to wither reproductive organs, her body is rebuilt. The processes that lead to a new hormonal background are reflected in vaginal secretions.
However, the menstrual cycle is disrupted, with the result that menstruation may not appear until six months. Although the secret almost disappears during this period, sometimes the white discharge is odorless and itching persists for some time.
Creamy secret and hidden pathologies
When the creamy secret of white color appears in women with obvious deviations from the norm, they indicate a hidden danger. Particular attention should be paid to the following factors:
- discharge smell unpleasant,
- a sharp increase in the amount of vaginal fluid,
- hue change
- discomfort in the perineum.
Often, these symptoms indicate a variety of inflammatory processes in the genital organs.
Candidiasis or thrush
If a woman has vaginal discharge white with lumps or flakes, you should carefully observe the accompanying symptoms. Unpleasant irritation in the genitals, itching, and burning after urination, speaks of thrush.
Usually, the disease causes an increase in the number of vaginal secretions, especially before menstruation. In addition, there is swelling of the labia, on the surface of which scurf occurs. Over time, the skin begins to redden and peel off.
The main cause of thrush is the active reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms. They are part of the vaginal microflora, but under certain conditions they increase in number.
If women's life is associated with frequent emotional stress, candidiasis will not take long. In addition, malnutrition, hypothermia of the intimate zone, the use of certain drugs exacerbate the situation.
If a woman notices a discharge with a sour odor, which eventually acquires a greenish tint, this indicates venereal disease. In this case, it is important to contact the doctor with your sexual partner.
The appearance of a creamy secret with an unpleasant odor may be associated with the development of endometritis. Inflammation occurs in the uterine cavity. Therefore, the secret is not accompanied by itching or burning. However, during heavy physical exertion, the woman feels pain in the lower abdomen.
Similar symptoms occur with inflammation of the uterine cervix (cervicitis).Fragile secret creamy conspicuous evidence of hidden pathology. Sometimes it contains elements of blood in the form of thin streaks.
This unpleasant disease occurs when a pathogen called gonococcus is ingested. Infection occurs as a result of sexual relations with different partners. An indicator of ailment is a large amount of yellow or greenish discharge.
The disease results from various infections that affect the epithelium of the uterine cervix. As a result, its integrity is violated. Sometimes pathology is not particularly manifest. The doctor can notice her when she is examined by a woman.
When creamy discharges appear before menstruation, in large quantities, this may indicate erosion. In addition, pain below the belt, blood after intimate intercourse, burning when urine is emitted are permanent symptoms of a sick lady.
With a pathological change in the vaginal microflora bacterial vaginosis occurs. If a lady took a large amount of antibiotics or a hormonal failure occurred in her reproductive system, the disease is inevitable.
The appearance of white cream secretion, as well as itching in women, is indicated by the presence of vaginosis. In addition, a change in the consistency of discharge during the course of the disease, the stench and burning sensation in the intimate area complement the “bouquet” of unpleasant symptoms.
The above diseases, which manifest themselves in a creamy secret, are amenable to clinical treatment. Therefore, if a woman noticed such “guests” in herself, she should definitely seek advice from a specialist. Timely treatment and regular inspection will help lead a full life.
When creamy discharge is normal
In a healthy woman, leucorrhoea is secreted regularly and timely. They do not smell, have a whitish color and mucous consistency. The presence of creamy creamy secretions is a normal condition necessary for the female body. They produce a special gland.
Keeping a balance between pathogenic and beneficial microorganisms, the white secret performs a cleansing function, frees the vagina from epithelial cells and pathogenic microorganisms, and protects against infection.
You can not worry about your condition in cases when white, creamy, odorless discharges are rarely observed, do not contain clots, pus and blood impurities. Usually they are scanty and do not irritate the vaginal mucosa. Women do not experience discomfort, do not know what itching, irritation, redness, pain and discomfort in the genitals. To find such a secret is possible only when inspecting underwear, when a small speck remains.
About 1 hour lodging should be allocated per day. The number depends on the age, moral and physical condition, hormone levels, the regularity of sexual life. Young girls have more creamy discharge than women. This is due to the fact that in adults the hormones are already formed, and at a young age they are not yet. The menstrual cycle also affects the consistency. Thick, heavy discharge of white color is usually observed after menstruation. Before the onset of Regula Beli are scanty.
The formation of creamy white secretions may be associated with ovulation. The egg cell leaves the follicle at about the 12th – 16th day of the menstrual cycle. In its place a yellow body is formed. A temporary gland is formed to protect the germ cell and its possible fertilization in the cervix.
The appearance of discharge in the middle of the cycle is associated with the production of a large amount of mucus that has a viscous consistency. Part of the secret penetrates into the vagina, and then appears outside.
After successful fertilization, the egg moves to the uterus. When it is implanted, small vessels are damaged, causing weak bleeding and the appearance of a small amount of mucus. In such cases, the vaginal secretion slightly changes color, acquires a reddish, brown or beige tint.
During this period, pain may be felt in the lower abdomen. During the day, the selection should return to normal white color, and the discomfort will pass. If this does not happen, the development of gynecological and infectious diseases is possible.
White creamy discharge without odor and itching appear in the first week after conception. This is a variant of the norm and indicates that the process proceeds as expected. But if there are impurities of blood, there is tension and pain in the abdomen, contact your doctor. These symptoms characterize the state prior to miscarriage.
The appearance of whites, like cream, discharge in the period when the girl is just beginning to have sex, can be treated calmly. So the body adapts to the male microflora and is protected from unusual changes for it. After adaptation, everything is normalized.
A woman can detect a lot of whites with clots in the first hours after unprotected intercourse. Sperm contains protein. Once in the acidic environment of the vagina, it collapses and acquires an odorless cheesy structure.
With interrupted sexual intercourse and after using a condom, creamy mucus is less. If the woman is not protected, the vagina self-cleans from sperm. After sex, small clumps of white or yellowish tint appear.
When using drugs
Isolated whitening cream-like whites are considered the norm when women use drugs to prevent gynecological diseases, as well as those containing artificial or natural progesterone. They are prescribed to stabilize the menstrual cycle and with the threat of abortion.
There is no reason to be concerned when thick white flowers go on the last days of menstruation. Usually it is pink or light brown creamy discharge. Sometimes there are impurities of blood. This is due to the fact that during this period the uterus is cleaned.
At the same time blood coagulability increases and the process of its outflow to the outside slows down. If you notice dark mucus or foul smelling thick discharge on the first day of menstruation and before the start of the menstrual cycle, immediately consult a doctor. This is a bad sign, especially when it is accompanied by other symptoms and amid worsening of well-being.
Climax is a serious restructuring of the female body. Reproductive function fades away, the menstrual cycle is lost, and menstruation during menopause becomes irregular. All secretions during menopause stop, in rare cases, they are preserved and have a cream-like consistency of white. This is a temporary phenomenon caused by the instability of the hormonal background.
Pathological conditions accompanied by creamy secretions are often diagnosed and observed. In the presence of diseases, whites have a very abundant character, an unusual texture and color. They can irritate the genital mucosa, cause burning, itching and pain. All these are signs of inflammation and infection.
Thrush occurs and worsens due to the active reproduction of pathogenic fungi Candida. This can happen for a variety of reasons:
- weakened immunity
- promiscuous sex
- neglect of personal hygiene,
- bad habits,
The most common symptoms of candidiasis include burning and itching in the vagina, white as sour cream, discharge, urination, discomfort and pain during intercourse.
Gonorrhea refers to sexually transmitted infections that occur when gonococcus enters the female body. The pathogen affects the urogenital system. Pathology is transmitted during unprotected sexual contact, treated with antibiotics and delivers a lot of discomfort.
Patients feel burning and pain when urinating, there are uncontrolled bleeding between menstruation, discomfort in the abdomen, creamy discharge acquires a greenish or yellow tint.
Chlamydia develops due to the penetration of chlamydia into the body. Bacteria infect the body during sexual intercourse. There are cases of airborne infections. The disease spreads very quickly, the symptoms occur within 5-7 days. The first sign of the onset of a lesion is purulent, creamy, offensive discharge from the vagina. This is not the only trouble that bothers the patient. There are unpleasant feelings during sex, weakness, fever, irregular menstruation, itching, burning, cramps during urination.
With bacterial vaginosis
Bacterial vaginosis develops with a deficiency of lactobacilli in the vaginal microflora. Reducing their number can be triggered by sexually transmitted infections, frequent douching, the use of hormonal contraceptives.
Pathogenic flora replacing lactobacilli, leads to inflammatory processes. White or gray creamy discharge with an unpleasant odor. Bacterial vaginosis is always accompanied by itching, burning and unpleasant sensations during sex.
With cervical erosion
Erosion of the cervix is a violation of the integrity of its epithelium. The disease can be hidden for a long time. Many women learn about the pathology only in the office of a doctor. The aggravation occurs against the background of the progressing infection. All this is accompanied by pain, an increase in the volume of creamy discharge.
Those who regularly visit the gynecologist and apply for an examination on time have every chance to get rid of the pathology without health consequences.
Damage to the epithelial cover is accompanied by mucous secretions of cream color and pain during intercourse. These are the most frequent and vivid manifestations. Other abnormalities may not be observed, since the disease in most cases is asymptomatic. To protect yourself from the development of cervical erosion, it is important to monitor personal hygiene and be monitored regularly by a doctor.
When you need to consult a gynecologist
The slightest discomfort in the genitals, as well as a sharp change in the nature of the discharge should not be overlooked. It is not safe to treat yourself without knowing the reasons for deviations. Specialists are contacted in the following cases:
- Termination of discharge.
- Change the shade of mucus.
- The appearance of clots resembling cottage cheese.
- The presence of a strong smell, pain and itching.
Any unfamiliar unpleasant symptom should be alerted. In order to avoid inflammatory diseases and complications, seek medical attention. It may require urgent and effective treatment to solve the problem.
Even in the absence of discomfort, white creamy discharge can signal a progressive disease. Treatment is difficult, and the consequences are unpredictable. To avoid complications, you must regularly visit a gynecologist.
One of the main preventive recommendations is the observance of the rules of personal hygiene. Intimate zone requires daily care.
It is also advisable not to use public toilets, to be protected during sex and not to forget about a healthy lifestyle. Proper nutrition, sports, avoiding bad habits perfectly restore the body and increase resistance to infections.
Types of discharge
Depending on which division of the reproductive system has failed, the discharge is classified as follows:
- Cervical. Observed on the cervix. They appear as a result of impaired mucus production arising from endocrine diseases, injuries, inflammatory processes and scars.
- Vaginal. Occur as a result of damage or irritation of the mucous membranes of the vagina.
- Vestibular. They are caused by the increased activity of the sebaceous glands, triggered by diabetes mellitus, poor hygiene, or inflammation.
For creamy secretions that are a variant of the norm characters:
- White or slightly yellowish color.
- Uniform consistency.
- Neutral smell.
- The absence of unpleasant symptoms in the form of irritation, itching and redness in the genital area.
What do such whites indicate
In the event that creamy secretions are a variant of the norm, they may indicate:
- On the inflammatory diseases of the urinary tract.
- On hormonal disorders.
- On the development of cancer.
- On the effects of long-term antibiotics.
Creamy discharge before menstruation
Creamy discharge before menstruation becomes quite abundant. This is due to a sharp drop in the level of hormones in the female body. It is worth remembering that a greater number of them may mask the problem.
Therefore, a woman should know the main signs of abundant secretions characteristic of the pathological process:
Creamy ovulation discharge
Creamy discharge after ovulation differs from those that came before it. They become thicker and more viscous, which is explained by the formation of progesterone in the corpus luteum, which develops at the site of the bursting follicle.
This vaginal secretion is very similar to the creamy discharge during pregnancy, formed under the influence of the same progesterone (but the concentration in the blood in this case many times exceeds the concentration before pregnancy).
Their number gradually increases until the period of 14-16 weeks of pregnancy, and then decreases somewhat. The increased amount of discharge in the first trimester can greatly frighten a woman, but the microscopic analysis carried out puts everything in its place.
If everything is normal, then the level of leukocytes does not exceed 20. Values from 20 to 40 are an intermediate option. The leukocyte count of more than 40 speaks of an inflammatory process in need of treatment.
Creamy discharge normal
White, creamy, odorless discharges in scanty or moderate amounts are a variant of the norm. They are also characterized by other signs that allow them to be distinguished from pathological ones:
- Some turbidity caused by admixture of epithelial cells, which normally are permanently exfoliated.
- The color is somewhat yellowish (this is clearly visible on the daily sanitary pad).
- There is no itching and burning sensation in the genital area.
On the eve of ovulation (the middle of the cycle), the secretions have a fluid mucous consistency, since the level of estrogens increases markedly. These hormones increase the secretion of vaginal mucus. After the release of the egg from the follicle, the consistency of the secret changes - it becomes more dense.
At this time, its amount is scarce, but closer to the menstruation gradually increases. Such variability is characteristic of a normal menstrual cycle.
This formed the basis of the symptothermal method of protection from pregnancy, which involves assessing the vaginal secretion and establishing an approximate date of ovulation, respectively, "dangerous" days.
Only those secretions that are produced by the glands of the vagina and its vestibule are considered normal. All the rest are regarded as a variant of pathology and their appearance is due to pathological processes in various organs:
Creamy discharge as disease symptoms
Creamy discharge with smell is a sign of pathology. The prevalence of this symptom among women of the reproductive period is 35%, and in some cases can reach 95%.
Causes of creamy secretions (whiter) can be divided into several groups:
- Inflammatory diseases of the intimate sphere.
- Hormonal imbalance in women.
- General diseases.
- The effects of long-term antibiotic treatment.
- The use of douching (currently proven not only not the effectiveness of this procedure, but also the danger).
- The use of intrauterine devices.
- Traumatic processes of the cervix.
- Malignant tumors in gynecology.
- Fistula between the intestines and vagina, between the bladder and vagina.
In addition, the frequent cause of thick creamy discharge becomes wearing thongs, tight linen and the use of aggressive soap containing a large amount of potent chemicals.
Therefore, for intimate hygiene it is better to use special products (gel and soap for intimate hygiene) on a hypoallergenic basis.
The reasons for the appearance of whiter strongly depend on the age of the patient. So, in childbearing age, a probable causative factor is infectious inflammation of the intimate sphere. In menopausal age, it is atrophic vaginitis. And in menopause, malignant tumors of the genital tract take the first place.
fish smell - a sign of pathology!
The most frequent infectious processes leading to the appearance of pathological creamy secretions include:
- Bacterial vaginosis (a distinctive symptom of this disease is a fishy smell).
- Trichomoniasis (a distinctive symptom - foaminess).
- Candidiasis (pathognomonic sign - cheesy consistency and yellow-gray color).
- Gonococcal and chlamydial cervicitis, which do not give a specific picture (discharge of mucopurulent character).
Однако ориентироваться только на клинические симптомы того или иного заболевания в постановке диагноза является заблуждением. Requires and laboratory diagnostics, an important place in which is taken by microscopy detachable.
To obtain reliable results, you must follow certain rules:
- Do not flush the genitals before testing.
- To pass the analysis in the period of the most pronounced clinical symptoms.
- The minimum time after a course of antibiotics before the test is 3 weeks.
In some cases, additional diagnostic tests are required:
- bacteriological analysis
- cytology and histology,
- serological tests to detect infections.
Treatment of the patient depends on the identified cause of creamy discharge. In inflammatory processes, antibiotics and / or antifungal agents are prescribed.
If the process is local, it is possible to use local forms, if generalized, then these drugs are prescribed by mouth or injection.
The second stage is the restoration of normal lactoflora, which plays a protective role in the female genital tract. Leucorrhea in menopausal and menopausal age most often requires the appointment of estrogen therapy.
It restores the epithelium of the genital organs and prevents atrophic vaginitis. Treatment of malignant neoplasms involves complex therapy, depending on the stage of the process and the primary focus.
White creamy discharge from women protects reproductive organs. The secret helps to maintain a balance between beneficial and pathogenic microorganisms, cleanses the genitals from dead cells of the epithelium.
White discharge from women is considered normal if they meet the following characteristics:
- not rich and rare
- discharge does not have a sharp peculiar smell, does not contain impurities of blood or pus,
- do not cause irritation of the vaginal mucosa, which is accompanied by burning and itching.
Often they appear due to hormonal disorders, before menstruation or ovulation. Often thick daub is observed in adolescent girls, when their hormonal background is becoming established. After the appearance of menstruation, such secretions become more scarce and do not bring discomfort to girls.
Before the beginning of the month
In adult women, cream secretions appear when the uterus prepares for menstruation. Usually detachable appears a few days before the onset of menstruation. In this case, they may have a light brown color, as they contain blood streaks. As a rule, the discharge does not cause discomfort for the woman, but if there are a lot of them, she may feel excessive moisture in the vagina.
In addition, the appearance of creamy white discharge is often associated with ovulation. This happens on the 12th-16th day of the cycle, when the egg leaves the follicle. In the cervix, a large amount of mucus is produced, which is necessary to protect the egg if its fertilization suddenly occurs. Part of this mucus enters the vagina and then exudes. This discharge has a stretching viscous structure, it is transparent and resembles egg white.
Another reason for normal discharge is unprotected sex if the sexual partner has ejaculated into the woman's vagina. Sperm contains protein, which collapses after falling into an acidic environment. As a result, discharge appears as with thrush - they have a cheesy texture, white, odorless.
Other causes of normal discharge
White creamy secretions are the norm, if a woman:
- Wear synthetic underwear. It fits snugly to the body, causing irritation of the intimate area.
- Uses alkaline products (for example, regular soap) for intimate hygiene. If a small amount of the substance enters the vagina, it causes the appearance of a white secret. To get rid of this condition, simply change the detergent. It is desirable to give preference to drugs specifically designed for intimate hygiene.
- Performs douching more than 3 times a week. As a result, the natural vaginal microflora is disturbed.
Therefore, a woman must comply with personal hygiene. It is necessary to wash an intimate zone 1-2 times a day, and to carry out syringing 2 times a week, preferably in the morning.
Unreasonable discharge can also cause an unstable emotional state of a woman (frequent stresses and depressions), an abrupt climate change, frequent changes of sexual partners, and oral contraceptives.
When are secretions abnormal?
The white liquid emitted from the vagina with a consistency of cream in the first days after menstruation, which has an unpleasant odor, often indicates the presence of pathologies of the reproductive system. Such a condition can cause such inflammatory diseases:
- Candidiasis (thrush). Appears as a result of excessive development in the vagina of Candida fungi. Symptoms of thrush are severe itching and burning in the vaginal area, redness, a white discharge with a curd like consistency, and dyspareunia. The disease can occur due to indiscriminate sex, reduced immunity, non-compliance with the rules of personal hygiene and wearing synthetic underwear, the presence of bad habits, etc. Antifungals and vaginal suppositories are used for the treatment of pathology.
- Gonorrhea. It is a venereal disease that occurs as a result of ingestion of gonococcus. You can get sick with any sex (anal, vaginal or oral), regardless of whether it is protected or not. As a result, gonorrhea appears greenish-yellow discharge, accompanied by pain when urinating, bleeding between menstruation. For the treatment of pathology used antibiotic drugs.
- Chlamydia. This is a pathology caused by chlamydia bacteria. Infection occurs through sexual intercourse, however, there are known cases of airborne infection. Microorganisms multiply rapidly, so the first symptoms may appear within a week. Appear scanty purulent discharge with an unpleasant odor. In addition, there is pain when having sex, as well as during urination. Pathology therapy also involves the use of antibacterial agents.
- Bacterial vaginosis. It occurs as a result of a decrease in the number of lactobacilli in the natural microflora of the vagina. This can be caused by the use of hormonal contraceptives, frequent vaginal douching, and also due to venereal infections. Lactobacilli are replaced by pathogenic microflora, which leads to the beginning of the inflammatory process. As a result of this, white, gray or greenish-yellow discharges of various consistencies are observed (viscous liquid whites appear most often). They have a very unpleasant smell, resembling a rotten fish. Often, patients also complain of itching and burning. For treatment, antibiotics or eubiotics are used.
Be sure to contact your doctor if the color, smell, consistency of discharge has changed. In addition, inspection is necessary if they become more abundant and appear daily.
It is necessary to be on the alert and in the event that the first detachment appeared after sex with a new partner - the probability of a venereal disease is high.
As a preventive measure, one should protect oneself while making love and observe the rules of personal hygiene. It is advisable to use a public toilet at a minimum, filling the toilet with special linings or toilet paper. Examination by a gynecologist should be regular, even in the absence of symptoms - at least once a year.