Many plants contain substances that have similar structure and molecular weight to estrogen, but their effectiveness is 500-1000 times lower.
An important substance for the normal functioning of the female body is the sex steroid hormone estrogen. This group of structures, having a similar structure and properties, consists of three components:
- Estradiol. This substance is the largest in the body. It is synthesized by ovarian follicles in the process of testosterone conversion.
- Estrone The second most important hormone synthesized by the ovaries, adrenal glands. It is converted from androstenedione.
- Estriol The secondary substance, its concentration is negligible. It increases during pregnancy, it is estriol that is responsible for the growth of the uterus, and therefore is additionally produced by the placenta.
A similar structure, molecular weight, effect on the woman's body are substances contained in plants. They are called phytohormones or phytoestrogens.
Features of phytohormones
It is necessary to understand that phytoestrogens are not steroid hormones (plants can not contain human hormone), there is only a similarity of these substances. In various concentrations of plant phytohormones found in most herbs, food.
The main active phytostructures are isoflavones, coumestanes, lignans, in a small amount flavones. In the plant, they are responsible for growth, reproduction, protection from the negative effects of the environment, such as ultraviolet radiation.
Climacteric syndrome: stages, features
Climax is the reduction of estrogen levels as a result of the leveling of ovarian functions. It is inevitable for any woman, so you should take care of your well-being. This hormone is involved in a large number of processes, its lack leads to the emergence of certain diseases.
The main list of symptoms of menopausal syndrome is as follows:
- Tides This is a sharp sensation of heat, redness of the face, hands, neck, chest. The attack lasts from a few seconds to 5-6 minutes. This ends with chills, increased sweating.
- Vaginal dryness. Hypoestrogenism leads to insufficient secretion, resulting in a burning sensation, increased trauma and discomfort during sex.
- The development of hypertension. Cholesterol is deposited on the vessels, reducing their diameter.
- Increased body weight. Synthesis of estrogen also occurs in adipose tissue. With a decrease in ovarian activity, the amount of subcutaneous tissue begins to grow. As a result, in just a few months, weight can increase by 5-7 kg.
- Osteoporosis. Hypoestrogenism provokes poor calcium absorption. Its lack leads to thinning of the bone tissue. The number of fractures increases even with a small load.
The best phytoestrogen cannot match the concentration of hormonal substances with synthetic forms.
The stages of menopause
The climacteric period lasts several years, it is characterized by the following stages:
- Premenopause. It begins after 45 years, a change in the frequency and intensity of the menstrual cycle indicates its occurrence. Ripens much less eggs, but there is a chance to get pregnant.
- Menopause. It comes after the last menstrual periods, which are not thereafter for 12 months. This condition can be confirmed after 6 months by testing for FSH concentration.
- Postmenopause. During this period, the ovaries completely atrophy, the synthesis of hormones stops completely.
Phytoestrogens in menopause: the principle of action of plant substances
Phytohormones in their molecular structure are identical to female steroid hormonal substances. Once in the female body, they occupy space on the free receptors, producing the same protein.
As a result, phytoestrogens can have an upward and downward effect. If a patient has hypoestrogenism, then free receptors are connected with phytohormones. As a result, the estrogen concentration rises.
If the amount of the hormone is increased or is normal, then the competition between plant and natural substances begins. As a result, the initial concentration decreases.
Disputes, whether the plants are effective in the treatment of hypo-and hyperestrogenic, are still going on. Proponents of this therapy are based on studies that were conducted in Asian countries. The researchers noticed that women in these countries have significantly reduced manifestations of menopausal syndrome. This is associated with the peculiarities of nutrition, in which there were a large number of dishes from soy. This product contains a high concentration of isoflavones.
Phytohormones for menopause: drugs and their effectiveness
Every woman who has entered menopausal age is faced with the question of how to alleviate the side effects of the syndrome. There are two methods for this: taking hormone replacement therapy, using non-hormonal drugs.
The first option is characterized by proven effectiveness, but often accompanied by a large number of myths, fears, prejudices. These include the presence of side effects, weight gain. The best option is to contact a gynecologist. He will help you choose the right means of dosage. After all, the effectiveness of HRT depends on this. To make an appointment with a doctor of any profile, get a free expert consultation, use the link http: //45plus.rf/registration/.
Many plants contain phytoestrogens, which some doctors recommend as an adjunct to primary therapy.
Due to the fact that phytohormones are many times less effective than natural estrogens, they can only help in the case of milder forms of menopausal syndrome, reduce the severity of hot flashes. They are not able to solve other problems of hypoestrogenia (for example, osteoporosis, the appearance of wrinkles, the development of cardiovascular diseases). It is also worth considering that the doctor should also prescribe the drugs after a detailed examination. These tools also have side effects, restrictions on admission (for example, epilepsy).
Phytoestrogens are natural components. They can be found in many fruits, vegetables and herbs. To maintain a normal hormonal level per day, a woman needs at least 64 grams. phytoestrogens. This will prevent the progression of dangerous pathological processes, as well as improve physical and mental well-being during menopause.
These components are not hormones, but their effect is almost the same. They do not pose a danger to the female body and do not contribute to the violation of their own hormonal level. Given that phytoestrogens help to normalize blood pressure and arrest the development of hormone-dependent neoplasms, they are often prescribed during menopause.
Phytohormones with menopause are intended to perform a replacement role. Their reception significantly improves the quality of life for women. The main functions of phytoestrogens include the following:
- establishment of metabolic processes,
- stress relief
- improving sleep quality
- tide elimination,
- normalization of the heart and blood vessels,
- normalization of blood pressure
- improving immunity
- prevention of the development of certain neoplasms.
Under the influence of herbal remedies, skin aging slows down and the state of the nervous system stabilizes. The woman looks fresher and younger. Such drugs are used not only for treatment - they are prescribed for the prevention of osteoporosis and ischemia.
ZFT has significant drawbacks. Phytopreparations have a weakened effect on the body. If menopausal syndrome is expressed very clearly, it is not recommended to take them. Some of the young women on the background of the use of herbal remedies have side effects:
- strong weight gain,
- development of liver pathologies,
- development of allergies
- irritation of the digestive tract,
- breast seal,
- the appearance of mucous bloody vaginal discharge.
Side effects occur when a woman takes herbal remedies without the supervision of a physician. In addition, undesirable effects can be the result of their prolonged use. Having found at least one alarming symptom, you should immediately stop taking the drugs and seek help from a doctor.
What are the phytoestrogen drugs?
Phytopreparations with menopause are released without a prescription. Most often, women are assigned to use such tools:
Remens is a homeopathic remedy and completely harmless. It is able to have a restorative effect and suppresses estrogen deficiency. Take Remens need for three months. Two courses in a row are extremely rare.
The use of Klimadinone helps to reduce estrogen deficiency and reduce the intensity of hot flashes. He is appointed for 3 months, but if necessary, the course of treatment can be repeated. On the day it is recommended to drink 1 tablet.
The action of Qi-Klima is aimed at removing tides and reducing the lack of estrogen. It is recommended to drink phytopreparation within 3 months. You need to drink 1 tablet twice a day.
Qi-Klim should be taken with food.
Estrovel is prescribed to eliminate hot flashes and correct emotional state. In addition, this herbal remedy can stop the development of benign tumors. He is appointed to prevent avitaminosis and osteoporosis. Take it for 2 months, if necessary, the course of treatment is extended. Feminal has a similar effect.
Femivell is the most effective fortifying agent. Take it to 1 tablet in 24 hours.
Ladys formula-menopause incorporates the minerals needed by the female body. The use of such a complex helps to strengthen the immune system and replenishes the lack of estrogen. It should be taken in a three-month course of 1-3 tablets / 24 hours.
What herbs can you drink during menopause
Herbal therapy helps alleviate the excruciating symptoms of menopause. Plants have a remarkable sedative effect and help mobilize immune forces. For a woman who has entered this difficult period, the use of such herbs is often recommended:
- crimson leaves,
- red clover
Sage is indispensable in the fight against tides, but also this plant regulates sweating and normalizes the psycho-emotional state. Regular consumption of sage infusion helps to get rid of puffiness and restore blood supply in the genitals. This, in turn, reduces the risk of atrophic events.
From sage often prepare herbal tea with menopause. To do this, the plant is mixed with valerian root, motherwort and mint. 200 ml. boiling water need to take 1 tsp. spoon collection. Drinking such a herbal tea is desirable before breakfast. If a woman suffers from insomnia, you can take it before going to bed.
Calamus root helps to get rid of vasomotor symptoms. This remedy is taken for painful headaches or migraines. With a pronounced sedative effect, calamus root is indispensable in the fight against insomnia and stress.
Oregano helps to cope with strong and frequent tides. In addition, it helps to get rid of insomnia, stabilize the psycho-emotional state.
What to include in the diet with menopause
Phytoestrogens are found in many foods. Most of them are in onions, garlic, flaxseed and bean oil. Women approaching a “dangerous” age are advised to eat dishes with peas and beans as often as possible. But if there are problems with the stomach, these products should be discarded.
Very useful fresh carrot. It can be included in mashed potatoes, various salads and snacks. Carrot goes well with red grapes, green apples and fresh cabbage. Great benefits to the body brings spinach, which can be used in the preparation of salads. In a small amount is allowed to eat dates.
If there are no pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract, you can eat pomegranates, cherries, pears. Particular attention is recommended to pay fresh greens. For menopause, it is good for women to eat celery and parsley. Best to drink high-quality red wine and green tea.
Drinking coffee should be reduced whenever possible. Alcohol abuse is also not worth it. Dry red wine is recommended to drink in small quantities. In a day, a woman needs 150-200 milliliters. Drinking red dry wine should not be every day, but about two or three times a week. Otherwise, there may be a risk of developing pancreatitis, which is very difficult to treat.